John O'Hart.

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on the 3rd of June, 1652.

Up to the time of the Earl of Strafford, who was the Irish Viceroy
temp. Charles I., my family held their estates in the county Sligo ; but
that Viceroy ruthlessly dispossessed (particularly in the Province of Con-
naught) almost all the Catholic Proprietors, especially the Proprietors of
the old Irish race, in his time in Ireland.

Of Strafford's Government we read in Darcy M'Gee's History of Ire-
land, Book VIII., p. 93 :

'•The plantation of Connaught, delayed by the late King's (James I.) death and
abandoned among the new King's 'Graces,' was resumed. The proprietary of Con-
naught had in the 13th year of the late reign paid £3,000 into the Record Office,
Dublin, for the registration of their Deeds ; but the entries nob being made by the
Clerk employed (for that purpose), the title to every western county, five in number,
was now called in question. The Commissioners to inquire into defective Titles were
let loose on the devoted Province, with the noted Sir William Parsons at their head ;
and the King's title to the whole of Mayo, Sligo, and Roscommon was found by
packed, bribed, and intimidated Juries. The Grand Jury of Gal way refused to find
a similar verdict, and were in consequence summoned to the Court of Castle- Chamber,
and sentenced to pay a fine of £4,000, each, to the Crown. The Sherifi who em-
panelled them was sentenced to pay a fine of £1,000 ; even the Lawyers who pleaded
for the actual proprietors were stripped of their gowns ; the Sheriff Darcy died in
prison ; and the work of spoliation proceeded."

The latest member of my family who held landed property in the
county Sligo, was Charles O'Hart, who, up to about a.d. 1735, owned
Cloonamahon Beg and Cloonamahon Mor, thereout of which he paid ten
shillings j^er annum to the King ; but, like the rest of the barony of
Tirerill, Cloonamahon belonged in the Middle Ages to the MacDonoughs,
and up to the close of the IGth century. In 1641, O'Connor Sligo* was
the owner of Cloonamahon ; but, under the Cromwellian Settlement, it
had fallen by lot to Eobert Brown, a Cromwellian dragoon, from whom
Cornet Cooper bought it as a debenture ; but the Cornet had to relinquish

* O'Connor Sligo : " The O'Harts," says Archdeacon O'Rorke, in his very inter-
esting volume, Ballysadare and Kilvarmt, " were always loval to the O'Connors, by
whom they were singularly trusted and favoured. Most' probably it was while
O Connor Sligo owned Cloonamahon that the ancestor of Bishop O'Hart came to live
there." In support of this opinion it may be observed that, as the name Charles does
not, before that period, appear among those mentioned in the "O'Hart" pedigree, it
is reasonable to suppose that said Charles O'Hart was, through gratitude, so called
after Charles O'Connor, who was The O'Connor Sligo at that period.



I



DEDICATION. XXVU

it in favour of the then Earl of Strafford, who claimed and obtained it from
the Commissioners for executing the Act of Settlement. On the 2nd July,
1666, Charles II. made grants, under the Acts of Settlement and Explana-
tion, of most of the county Sligo, including Cloonamahon, to William,
Earl of Strafford, and Thomas Radcliffe, Esq. And in the Tripartite Deed
of Partition of the County Sligo, made on the 21st July, 1687, the third
year of James II., between William, Earl of Strafford, first part ; Rev.
John Leslie, D.D., second part ; and Joshua Wilson, of the City of Dublin,
third part, we read that Clooonamahon Beg and Cloonamahon M6r were
then owned by Charles O'Hart (or Hart) above mentioned.

Said Charles O'Hart was brother of the Right Rev. John O'Hart,
Bishop of Achonry, who lived in Cloonamahon till he and his brother
were, in the reign of George II., deprived of their property, about the
year 1735,* in a way that illustrates the iniquity of those times :

*'The brothers Charles and Bishop O'Hart having refused to take the oath
of supremacy, they had to look about for some Protestant friend to serve
secretly as Trustee of the estate for them— a service which kind-hearted and
high-minded Protestants frequently performed at the time for Catholie
owners of property, to enable them to evade the Penal Laws ! There lived
then on the townland of Cartron, which adjoins Cloonamahon, a Protestant
gentleman named Laurence Betteridge, with whom Dr. O'Hart and his
brother were on terms of constant social intercourse and the closest friend-
ship ; and this man they pitched upon to act for them. On being applied
to, the obliging neighbour was only too happy, he said, to be able to do a
good turn for friends whom he so loved ; but, having received all the
powers and papers from the O'Harts, Betteridge proceeded to Dublin
Castle and there treacherously took the property to himself, in reality as
well as in form. The wretch was not proof against the temptation of
robbing friends by due form of law ; and, when taunted with the villany,
coolly replied that he himself had a son, for whom he felt more love and
concern than for the children or the brother of Charles O'Hart. But
neither father nor son was anything the better for the ill-gotten estate.
On the contrary, the acquisition seemed only to bring them bad luck ; for,
in a very short time, they quarrelled with one another, and old Betteridge,
in order to spite the son, and get himself away from a place where he was
detested and despised, resolved to dispose of the property. With this
view he offered it privately for sale to a Mr. Thomas Rutledge, who then
kept a shop in CoUooney, and who, not having money enough to make the

* 1735: In Dr. W. Maziere Brady's iJ/?Jsco/)a? Succession in England, Scotland, and
Ireland. Vol. II., p. 191, we read—" 17^5 : John O'flarte, succeeded by Brief, dated
September 30tb, 1735. He died before May, 1739."



XXVIU DEDICATION.

purchase, borrowed from Joshua Cooper, of Markrea Castle, what was
wanted ; giving that gentleman, in return, a lien on the property of 4s. 6d.
per acre, a burden which it still bears.

" The three daughters of the said Thomas Eutledge were respectively
married — one to Mr. Meredith, another to Mr. Phibbs, and another to Mr.
Ormsby, and received as their marriage portions the Cloonamahon estate,
which included Lisaneena, Ballinabull, and Knockmullen : to Mr. Meredith
his wife brought Lisaneena ; to Mr. Phibbs his wife brought Ballinabull ;
and Mr. Ormsby, as his portion, received Knockmullen, which he soon
afterwards sold.

"At that period, in Ireland, Catholic owners of landed property fre-
quently held their estates in the names of Protestant trustees, who
honourably fulfilled all the conditions of the trust. O'Connell used to
tell of an humble, but high-spirited tailor who acted as trustee for half
the Catholic gentlemen of Munster. Betteridge, in his legalized robbery,
probably proceeded under a law of 1709, which enacted :

• That all leases or purchases in trust for Pajnsts should belong to the first Protes-
tant discoverer ; and that no plea or demurrer should be allowed to any bill of dis-
covery, relative to such trusts, but that such bills should be answered at large.'

** The Catholics regarded the encouragement given to discoverers and
informers as an intolerable grievance, and, in an Address and Petition
(written by the immortal Edmund Burke) to George III., refer to it thus :

'Whilst the endeavours of our industry are thus discouraged (no less, we humbly
apprehend, to the detriment of the national prosperity, and the diminution of your
Majesty's revenue, than to our particular ruin,) there are a set of men, who, instead
of exercising any honest occupation in the commonwealth, make it their employment
to pry into oiir miserable property ; to drag us into the courts ; and to compel us to
confess on our oaths, and under the penalties of perjury, whether we have, in any
instance, acquired a property in the smallest degree exceeding what the rigour of the
law has admitted ; and in such case the informers, without any other merit than that
of their discovery, are invested (to the daily ruin of several innocent, industrious
families), not only with the surplus in which the law is exceeded, but in the whole
body of the estate and interest so discovered ; and it is our grief that this evil is
likely to continue and increase, as informers have, in this country, almost worn ofi'the
infamy which in all ages, and in all other countries, has attended their character, and
have grown into some repute by the frequency and success of their practices.'

" In the reign of Queen Anne, the Irish House of Commons passed a
Resolution :

* That the prosecuting and informing against Papists was an honoui-able service ;'
thus endeavouring to exalt a class of men from whom common humanity
recoils with loathing, and who have found no apologist in history except



DEDICATION. ^^j^

the infamous and inhuman Tiberius Nero ; even his vile senate, as Tacitu*
implies, evincing a reluctance to descend with him so low :

" Ibaturque," says the historian, " in earn sententiam, ni durius contraque moren>
suum, palam pro accusatoribus, Caesar irritas leges, rempublicam in preecipiti con-
questus asset : subverterent potius jura quam custodes eorum amoverent. Sic delator es
genus hominum publico exUio repertum et pcenis quidem nunquam satis coercitum^ per premict
eliciabantur."— Tacitus, Annul, lib. IV"., c. 30.

" The good Bishop O'Hart, before his eviction from Cloonamahon, was
famous for hospitality. Turlough O'Carolan, the last of the eminent Irish
Bards,^' often visited the O'Harts, and showed his admiration of the
Bishop's genial nature and many virtues, by composing two songs in his
honour, only one of which has been preserved, and is given in Hardiman's
Irish Minstrelsy, Yol. I., p. 28, with an English translation by Thomas-
Furlong, of which the following is a stanza :

' In this hour of my joy, let me turn to the road,

To the pious one's home let me steer ;
Aye ! my steps shall instinctively seek that abode,

Where plenty and pleasure appear.
Dear Harte, with the learned thou art gentle and kind ;

With the bard thou art open and free,
And the smiling and sad, in each mood of the mind,

Find a brother's fond spirit in thee.'

" The celebrated Owen (or Eugene) O'Hart, Bishop of Achonry, wa&
not only present at the Council of Trent, but took a leading part in the
dehberations of that august assembly. This distinguished Bishop was
consecrated in 1562, died in 1603 at the great age of 100, and was buried
in his own cathedral at Achonry. He received special faculties from the
Pope in 1575, for the whole ecclesiastical province of Tuam; signed in
1585 the Indenture of Composition between Sir John Perrott and the
Chieftains of the County Sligo, tem^. Queen Elizabeth;! took part in the
Provincial Synod that assembled in Ulster, in that year, to promulgate
the decrees of the Council of Trent, and enjoyed all through life the con-
fidence and favour of the Holy See. The consummate prudence with which
this Prelate steered his course through the difficult times in which he
lived, was on a par with his great learning.":!:

* Bards : According to Walker's historical Memoirs of the Irish Bards (Dublin,
1818), Turlough O'Carolan (or Carolan) died in March, 1738, in the sixty-eighth year
of his age ; and was buried in Kilronan, in the county of Roscommon.

^Elizabeth: See the names to that Indenture, in Notef ^^ Ardtarmon" p. 673,
under Ko. 116 on the " O'Hart" (No. 1) pedigree.

X Learning : For further valuable information respecting Sligo families, see
History of the Parishes of Ballysadare and Kilvarnet, by the Venerable Archdeacon
O'Rorke, D.D., P.P. (Dublin : James Duffy and Sons, 1878).



XXX DEDICATION.

In October, 1873, it was permitted me, through the courtesy of Sir
Bernard Burke, Ulster King-of-Arms, to compare my Genealogical Notes
with O'Farrell's Lima Aniiqua, preserved in the Office of Arms, Dublin
Castle : to see if the pedigrees which I had collected from O'Clery's and
MacFirbis's ancient Irish and Anglo-Irish Genealogies, agreed with those
recorded in the Linea Antiqua. AVith that flowing courtesy for which he
is proverbial, Sir Bernard not only granted me that permission, but also
the permission to inspect Sir William Betham's enlarged edition of the
Linea Antiqua, and any other record in the Office of Arms bearin- on my
subject. ° ^

In the Linea Aniiqua I found that the " O'Hart" pedigree a-reed with
the family genealogy as I had traced it, down to Donoch O'Hart who (see
p. 676, infra) is No. 120 on my family pedigree ; and who held possession
of the family castle at Newtown, on the shore of Lough Gill, up to the
3rd of June, 1652. And it was from the Linea Antiqua that I carefullv
compiled the earlier portion of - The Lineal Descent of the Eoyal Family
of England" (see pp. 37-41, m/ra), and ascertained the stran-e fact that
the ancient Irish Monarch Art, who is No. 81 on that lineal descent, was
the ancestor of my family :

Thus shall memory often, in dreams sublime,

Catch a glimpse of the days that are over /
Thus, sighing, look through the waves of time

For the long-faded glories they cover.

With great respect, I am,
My Lord,

Your very faithful servant,

KiNGSEND School, ^' ^'^^^T.

EiXGSEND, Dublin,

Becemher, 1887.



I



CONTENTS.



PAGE
V

xii
, xiv
, xviii
. xxii
. xxiii



Preface

Preface to the First Edition .
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the Third Edition,
References ....
Dedication ....

PART I.

I. The Creation .... 1

II. Ancient Irish Proper Names . 32

III. Irish Adfixes .... 36

IV. The Irish Lineal Descent of the
Royal Family .... 37

V. The Lineal Descent of King
Philip V. of Spain . . .42

VI. The Pedigree of St. Patrick,
Apostle of Ireland ... 43

VII. The Pedigree of St. Brigid, the
Patron Saint of Ireland . . 43

PART 11.

I. The Stem of the Irish Nation,
from Adam down to Milesius of
Spain 44

II. Roll of the Monarchs of Ireland,
since the Milesian Conquest . . 56

PART III.

I. Families descended from Heber . 63

II. Families descended from Ithe . 274

III. Families descended from Ir . 299

IV. Families descended from Here-
mon 351



PART IV.

I. Addenda . . . . .738

II. Corrigenda 791



PART V.

I. English Invasion of Ireland . 792

II. Cromwellian Devastation of Ire-
land 799

APPENDIX.

I. The Chief Irish Families in
Munster 803

II. The Territories of the ancient
Irish Families .... 804

Munster.

1. In Thomond, or the counties of
Limerick and Clare :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and
Clans 804

(6) The New Settlers,* after the
English Invasion . . . 806

(c) The Modern Nobility . . 806

2. In Desmond, or Cork and
Kerry :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 806

{J}) The New Settlers . . 809
(c) The Modern Nobility , .811

3. In Ormond or Desies, or Tip-
perary and Waterford :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 812

(&) The New Settlers. . . 814

(c) The Modern Nobility . . 815

Ulster.

III. The Principal families in Ulsrer.
I. In Oriel, or the County Louth :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 816

(6) The New Settlers . . 816

(c) The Modern Nobility . . 816



■* Settlers : In the former Editions of this Work the new settlers in Ireland, after its invasion
by the English in the twelfth century, were entered as •' Anglo-Norman," or " English" Families.
But we have found that many families whose names were so entered, are of IHsh descent. It is,
therefore, in our opinion, more correct to enter them as " New Settlers," than as Anglo-Norman or
English.



xxxu CONTENTS.



2. In ISIonaghan :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 816

(c) The Modern Nobility . . 816

3. In Armagh :

(rt) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 817

{b) The New Settlers . .817
(c) The Modern Nobility . .817

4. In Fermanagh :

{a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 817

(h) The Sew Settlers . . 818

(c) The Modern Nobility . • 819

5. In U/idia, or Down and Part

of Antrim :
(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 819

(6) The New Settlers . . 820

(c) The Modern Nobility . . 820

6. In Dalriada (in Ireland), or

Part of Antrim and Derry :
(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 821

(c) The Modern Nobility . . 821

7. In Tirowen, or Tyrone :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 822

(c) The Modern Nobility . . 823

8. In Tirconnelly or Donegal :

{a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clan^ 824

(6) The New Settlers . . 825

(c) The Modern Nobility . . 826 |

9. In Brefney^ or Cavan and
Leitrim :

{a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and
Clans 826

(c) The Modern Gentry and
Nobility . . . .828

Ancient Meath.

IV. The Principal Families in the
Kingdom of Meath.

1. In the County Meath :

(«} The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 828

(6) The New Settlers . . 831

(c) The Modern NobiUty . . 831

2. In Westmeath :

(c) The Modem Nobility . . 832



PAGE



3. In Aroiali/, or Longford :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 833

(c) The Modem Nobility . . 833

4. In Dublin, Kildare, and King's

Counties :
(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 833

(h) The New Settlers . . 834
(c) The Modern Nobility . . 835

Leinster.

V. The Principal Families in
Leinster.

1. In Hy-Cinselagh and Cualan,
or the counties of Wexford,
Wicklow, Carlow, and Part of
Dublin :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 837

(6) Notice of Hy-Kinselagh . 838

(c) The New Settlers . . 838

(cO The Modem Nobility . . 839

2. In Oasory, 3. In Ofaley, 4. In
Zeix ; or Kilkenny, King's
County and Queen's County :
{a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans 840

{b) The New Settlers . . 843
(c) The Modern Nobility . . 845



CONNAUGHT.

VI. The Principal Families in Con-
naught.

1. In the counties of Mayo and
Sligo :
(«) The ancient Irish Chiefs and

Clans

(&) The New Settlers

(c) The Modern Nobility .



2. In Roscommon and Galway :

(a) The ancient Irish Chiefs and
Clans

(b) The New Settlers

(c) The Modem Nobility .



3. In Leitrim (See under
ney.")
Ancient Lush Simames .
Celtic Families
Green were the Fields .



Bref-



IXDEX OF SiRNAMES .

Letters and Opinions



846
843
851



851
854
855



855
858
859

861
897



PART I.

L— THE CREATION.

In the Book of Genesis the six successive days of Creation part themselves
into two grand divisions, namely : — (1) Life under cosmic light, and (2)
Life under the light of the sun. On the third day we have vegetation of
the earth under cosmic light, which fully answers to the period of the coal
plants of the carboniferous era. On the fourth day (Gen. i. 14) God made
the sun and the moon, to be "for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and
for years." The sun, then, is the standard for our computation of time ;
and the first " year " of the world, as we understand the word ijear, must
have commenced with the creation of the sun. According to our system
of astronomy the earth revolves round its own axis once in twenty-four
hours, producing day and night; and round the sun once in the year, produc-
ing the four seasons : therefore, before the creation of the sun, the days of
twenty-four hours each had no existence.

THE COSMIC DAY OF THE BOOK OF GENESIS.

But while the " day " by which we compute our year consists of twenty-
four hours, nearly, Geology supplies unerring testimony, that the pre-solar
or cosmic days mentioned in the Sacred Volume in connection with the
Creation, were, each, a period of vast duration ! Geology also clearly
teaches, that the lowest forms of vegetable and animal life were first called
into existence, which were gradually followed by other and higher
organizations ; and confirms the truth of divine revelation, that man was
the last created animal, and that a comparatively recent period only has
elapsed since his first appearance on the surface of our globe.

On the fifth day God made the birds : and ordered the swarming of
the waters with living creatures, among which are specified "the great
Taninim" or "Dragons" belonging to the class Reptilia, of which the
crocodile of Egypt is an example. These serpent-monsters of the deep
answer perfectly to the Reptilia of the Saurian period. On the sixth day
Man is created in connection with the land animals, domestic and wild,
and with the fishes and vegetation of the modern type, or those of the
present era.

At the close of the Carboniferous or Coal period the atmosphere became
so far purified as to admit of the appearance of animal life of the order of
the Reptilia of the seas, with which the waters swarmed during the Saurian
period.

The closing era of the Reptilian age was the Cretaceous or Chalk period.
In the Cretaceous period, which closed the pre-Tertiary, the atmosphere,
which was previously incapable of sustaining the high-class, warm-blooded

A



2 IRISH PEDIGREES. [PART I.

animals, became sufficiently purified to admit of their appearance. With
the opening of the Cretaceous period we find a great change in vegetation :
then appeared the oak, palms, maple, willow, etc., and the ordinary fruit-
trees of temperate regions, adapted to j\Ian's needs.

THE CREATION OF LIAN.

After the Creation of ]\Ian, and before his first sin, there intervened a
sabbatical day or period of cosmic rest, during which the Lord God pro-
nounces all things good. Two cosmic days, therefore, or periods of
indefinite length, are indicated in the Genesis account of the Creation, as
that portion of the Edcnic period of Man in which he existed before his
first sin ; blessed and perfect in the companionship of God, and under the
injunction :

" Be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth and subdue it."

In the beginning of the Tertiary era the British Isles were a land of
palms, with species of fig, cinnamon, etc. ; a vegetation* like that of India
and Australia at the present time. At the end of the Tertiary period,
Europe was an Archipelago ; and the sea, which we now call the Arctic
Ocean, was the Mediterranean of that period. The late discoveries of
Professor Nordenskiold bring to our view the remains of the Tertiary
period in the Arctic regions. In a letter| from him recently published in
the London Standard, he calls attention to the New Siberian Islands, which,
from a scientific point of view, are very remarkable.

THE GARDEN ERA OF MAN'S EXISTENCE.

Guided by geological laws we can, therefore, assign the Garden era of
the Edenic period of Man's existence to the close of the pre-Tertiary. We
have an indication of theLduration of the Garden period, in the climatic
conditions under which Man is described as there existing during a period
of indefinite length ; before the close of which those conditions were
essentially changed. A period of cold came on which necessitated the
wearing of fur clothing. It is a curious circumstance how perfectly this
agrees with the climatic changes w^hich introduced the Tertiary period, as
laid down by modern geologists. The Garden period, then, closed with
the coming on of the cold of the Tertiary ; during which era, however, the
climate and all other conditions were favourable for the distribution of
Man over the globe.

* Vegetation : " Such a vigorous growth of trees," says Lyell, *' within twelve
degrees of the pole, where now a dwarf willow and a few herbaceous plants form the
only vegetation, and where the ground is covered with perpetual snow and ice, is truly
remarkable."

t Letter : *' These (the Xew Siberian) islands," says the Professor, "open the book
of the history of the world at a new place. The ground there is strewn with wonder-
ful fossils. "S^Tiole hills are covered with the bones of the mammoth, rhinoceros, horses,
uri, bison, oxen, sheep, etc. The sea washes up ivory upon its shores. In this group
is possibly to be found the solution of the question of the ancestry of the Indian
elephant, and important facts with regard to the vertebrates which existed at the time
of Man's first appearance upon the earth."



CHAP. I.] THE CREATIOX. 3

It will be noted that in the Eden* narrative the driving from the
Garden took place gradually : Man is first sent forth ; is then clothed in
fur; is then driven out, excluding him for ever from a return to his
primitive home. The Garden spot was left behind, and Man went forth
to till the ground whence he was taken, and to which he must return.

At the close of the Tertiary era occurred the Deluge, which, in the
period of Mammal life, was the first continental convulsion of a universal
character which changed the face of the inhabited world. That convulsion
introduced the Quaternary (Glacial or Drift) period, which answers the