John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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were at length slain : Sobhrach at
Bun Sobhrach, or " Dunseverick,"

in the county of Antrim, by
Eochaidh Meann ; and Cearmna (in
a sanguinary battle fought near Dun
Cearmna, now called the Old Head
at Kinsale, in the county of Cork,,
where he had his residence), by his
successor Eochaidh Faobhar-glas,
grandson of Heber Fionn, B.C. 1492*

41. Artrach : son of Artra.

42. Sedna : his son ; slew Eoth-
eacta, son of Maoin, of the race of
Heremon, Monarch of Ireland, and,
mounting his throne, became the
23rd Monarch. It was during his
reign that the Dubhloingeas or
" pirates of the black fleet" came to
plunder the royal palace of Cruachan
in Roscommon, and the King was
slain, in an encounter with those
plunderers, by his own son and suc-
cessor, who mistook his father for a
pirate chief whom he had slain and
whose helmet he wore.

43. Fiacha Fionn Scothach, th&
24th Monarch : son of Sedna ; so
called from the abundance of white
flowers with which every plain in
Erinn abounded during his reign ;
was born in the palace of Rath-
Cruachan, B.C. 1402 ; and slain, B.CV
1332, in the 20th year of his reign,
by Munmoin, of the Line of Heber,



[part IIL

44. Eochaidh (2) : his son ; better
known as Ollarnh Fodhla,* i.e.,
" Ollarnh, or chief poet of Fodhla"
(or Ireland) ; began his reign, a.m.
3882, B.C. 1317 (according to the
received computation of the Sep-
tuagint, making A.D. 1 agree with
A.M. 5199). This Eochaidh was the
27th Monarch of Ireland, and
reigned 40 3'ears. It was this
Monarch who first instituted the
Feis Teamhrach (or " Parliament of
Tara"), which met about the time
called '' Samhuin" (or 1st of Novem-
ber) for making laws, reforming
general abuses, revising antiquities,
genealogies, and chronicles, and
purging them from all corruption
and falsehood that might have been
foisted into them since the last
meeting. This Triennial Conven-
tion was the first ParUament of
which we have any record on the
face of the globe ; and was strictly
observed from its first institution to
A.D. 1172 ; and, even as late as A.D.
1258, w^e read in our native Annals
of an Irish ParUament, at or near
Newry. (See '' O'Neill " Stem, No.
113.) It was this Monarch who i
built Mur Ollamhan at Teamhair I
(which means " Ollamh's fort at \
Tara") ; he also appointed a chief- [
tain over every cantred and a ■
brughaidh over every townland.

According to some chroniclers,
*' Ulster" was first called Uladh,
from Ollamh Fodhla. His posterity
maintained themselves in the Mon-
archy of Ireland for 250 years,
without any of the two other septs
of Heber and Heremon intercepting
them. He died at an advanced age,
A.M. 3922, at his own Mur (or
house) at Tara, leaving five sons,
viz. : 1. Slanoll ; 2. Finachta Fionn-
sneachta (or Elim) • 3. Gead

OUghothach, and 4. Fiacha, who
were successively Monarchs of Ire-
land ; and 5. Cairbre.

45. Cairbre : son of Ollamh Fod-
hla; King of Uladh ; d. in the 22nd
year of the reign of his brother

46. Labhradh : his son ; governed
Ulster during the long reign of his
cousin Oiliol, son of Slanoll.

47. Bratha : his son ; was slain
by Breasrigh, a prince of the
Heberian race, in the 12th year of
the reign of Nuadhas Fionn-Fail.

48. Fionn : his son ; fought
against the Monarch Eochaidh
Apach at Tara, defeated him, and
became the 42nd Monarch; but
after a reign of 22 years was slain
by Seidnae Innaraidh, his successor.

49. Siorlamh : his son ; so called
from the extraordinary length of his
hands {Lat. "longimanus," or long-
handed); slew the Monarch Lughaidh
lardhonn, and assumed the
sovereignty of the kingdom, which
he held for 16 years, at the expira-
tion of which, in B.C. 855, he was
slain by Eochaidh Uarceas, son of
the former King.

50. Argeadmar (or Argethamar) :
his son ; ascended the Throne of
Ireland, B.C. 777, and was the 58th
Monarch ; after a reign of 30 years,
was slain by Duach Ladhrach. He
left four sons : — 1. Fiontan, whose
sou, Ciombaoth, was the 63rd Mon-
arch ; 2. Diomain, whose son,
Dithorba, became the 62nd Mon-
arch ; 3. Badhum, who was father
of Aodh Euadh, the 61st Monarch,
who was drowned at Eas Pi,uadh (or
Assaroe), now Ballyshannon, in the
county of Donegal, and grandfather
of Macha Mongruadh, or "Macha
of the Golden Tresses," the 64th
Monarch, and the only queen Ire-

* Ollamh Fodhla : See the Paper in the Appendix headed " The Irish Parliaments,'
for further information respecting this truly celebrated Irish Monarch.




land ever has had. who laid the
foundation of the Koyal Palace of
Emania, in the county of Armagh,
where her consort Cimbath, died of
the plague; the fourth son of
Argeadmar was Fomhar.

51. Fomhar : son of Argeadmar ;
died during the reign of Cimbath.

52. Dubh : his son ; was King of

63. Eos : his son.

54. Smbh : his son.

55. Indereach : his son.

56. Glas : his son.

57. Carbre (or Cathair) : his son.

58. Feabhardhile : his son.

59. Fomhar (2) : his son.

60. Dubh (2) : his son.

61. Sithrich : his son.

62. Ruadhri (or Rory) Mdr : his
son ; was the 86th Monarch ; died
B.C. 218. From him the " Clan-na-
Rory" were so called. He left,
amongst other children — 1. Bresal
Bodhiobha, and 2. Congall Clarei-
neacb, who were respectively the
88th and the 90th Monarchs; 3.
Conragh, the father of the 105th
Monarch Eiliomh ; 4. Fachna
Fathach, the 92nd Monarch, who,
by his wife Neasa was father of
Conor ; 5. Eos Ruadh, who by his
wife Roigh, the father of the cele-
brated Fergus Mor ; and 6. Cionga,
the ancestor of the heroic Conal
Cearnach,from whom are descended
O'Moore, MacGuinness, M^Goican, and
several other powerful families in
Ulster and Conacht.

63. Ros Ruadh: son of Rory Mdr;
m. Roigh, dau. of an Ulster Prince.

64. Fergus Mdr : his son ; com-
monly called " Fergus MacRoy" or
" Fergus MacRoich," from Roigh,
his mother, who was of the sept of
Ithe ; was King of Ulster for three
(some say seven) years, and then
forced from the sovereignty by his
cousin, Conor MacNeasa, where-
upon he retired into Conacht, where

he was received by Maedhbh (Maev)
Queen of that Province, and by her
husband OiliollMor, and, sustained
by them, was in continual war with
Conor MacNeasa during their lives.

Maedhbh was the dau. of Eochy
Feidlioch, the 93rd Monarch, who
gave her in marriage to his favourite
Tinne, son of Conragh, son of
Ruadhri Mor (No. 62 on this stem),
with the Province of Conacht as a
dowry. This prince was slain at
Tara by Monire, a Lagenian prince,
in a personal quarrel ; and Maedhbh
soon after married Oilioll (who was
much older than she was), the son
of Ros Ruadh by Matha Muireasg,
a Lagenian princess. Oiliol was far
advanced in years when Fergus
Mdr sought shelter beneath his roof
at Rath-Craughan, in Roscommon,
and the Queen Maedhbh, being
young, strayed from virtue's path,
proved with child by Fergus, and
was delivered of three male children
at a birth. The names of these
princes were : — 1. Ciar [Kiar], a quo
Ciarruighe Luachra, Ciarruighe
Chuirc, Ciarruighe Aoi, and
Ciarruighe Coinmean; 2. Core, a
quo Core Modhruadh (or Corcum-
roe) ; and 3. Conmac, a quo
Conmaicne-Mara (now Connemara),
Conmaicne Cuile Tolaigh (now the
barony of Kilmaine, co. Mayo),
Conmaicne Magh Rein (the present
CO. Longford, and the southern half
of the CO. Leitrim), Conmaicne Cinel
Dubhain (now the barony of Dun-
more, CO. Galway).

According to the native genea-
logists these three sons of Fergus
and Maedhbh ought to stand in the
following order— 1. Conmac ; 2.
Ciar ; and 3. Core.

Fergus Mdr was slain by an
officer belonging to the court of
Oiliol Mdr, as he was bathing in a
pond near the royal residence, and
he was interred at Magh Aoi.



[part III.

The other children of Fergus Mor
were : — 1. Dalian, 2. Anluira, 3.
Conri, 4. Aongus Fionn,* 5. Oiliol,
6. Firceighid,t 7. Uiter, 8. Fin-
failig,t 9. Firtleachta, and 10.

65. Conmac : eldest son of Fergus
Mor, by Maedhbh ; whose portion
of his mother's inheritance and
what he acquired by his own
prowess and valour, was called after
his name : " Conmaicne" being
equivalent to Posterity of Conmac.
The five Conmaicne contained all
that (territory) which we now call
the county of Longford, a large
part of the counties of Leitrim,
Sligo, and Gal way ; and Conmaicne
Beicce, now called " Cuircneach" or
Billon's Country, in the county of
Westmeath, over all of which this
Conmac's posterity were styled
Kings, till they were driven out by
English adventurers.

Q>Q. Moghatoi : his son.

67. Messaman : his son.

I 68. Mochta : his son.

69. Cetghun : his son.

70. Enna : his son.

71. Gobhre : his son.

72. luchar : his son.

73. Eoghaman : his son.

74. Alta : his son.

75. Tairc : his son.
I 76. Teagha : his son ; had a
I brother, Dallan,§ who had a son
j Lughdach, who had a son Lughdach.

whose son was *S'^. Canice of Agha-

77. Ethinon : his son.

78. Orbsenmar : his son ; after
whose death a great Lake or Loch
broke out in the place where he
dwelt ; which, from him, is ever
since called "Loch Orbsen" (now
Lough Corrib).

79. Conmac : his son ; some Irish
annalists are of opinion that the
territories called " Conmacne" above
mentioned, are called after this
Conmac, and not from Conmac, No.
65 on this Stem.

* Aongus Fionn -. This Aongus was ancestor of the Chiefs of Owny-Beg, now a
barony in the county of Tipperary :

C4. Fergus Mor, King of Ulster. t 72. Diochon : his son.

65. Aonirus Fionn : his son. 73. Sleibhe : his son.

66. MacNiadh : his son.

67. Orchon : his son.

68. Foranan : his son.

69. Labhra : his son.

70. Cait : his son.

71. Oiliol: his son.

74. Gofnid : his son.

75. Conor : his son.

76. Dermod : his son.

77. Lochlan : his son.

78. Dubhthaig : his son.

79. Maolbrenan : his son.

t Flrceighid : This Firceighid was ancestor of the Eoghanacht of Ara-Cliach,
a district in the county of Limerick on the borders of Tipperary :

65. Firceighid : son of Fergus Mor.

66. Rory : his son,

67. Lawlor : his son.

68. Daire : his son.

69. Conri : his son.

70. Benard : his son.

71. Doncha : his son.

72. Eocha : his son.

73. Eoghan : his son ; a quo Eoghanachi
Ara-Cliach. '

X'Finfailig : This Finfailig was ancestor of O'Dugan and O'Coscridh, chiefs of
Fcrmoy, in the county of Cork. (See the " Dugan" Stem.)

§ Dalian : Had a son Lughdach, who had a son, Nathi, who had a son, Baer, who
had a son, Becan, whose son, was St. Mochna of Ballagh, Eometimes called St. Cronan,

74. Cuchonacht : his son.

75. Maonaig : his son.

76. Dinf eartach : his son.

77. Duibtheach : his son.

78. Loingsedh : his son.

79. Dunlaing : his son.
SO. Bruadar : his son.





80. Lughach : his son.

81. Beibhdhe : his son.

82. Bearra : his son ; a quo
O^Bearra, anglicised Berry and Bury,

83. Uisle : his son.

84. Eachdach : his son.

85. Forneart : his son.

86. Neart : his son.

87. Meadhrua : his son.

88. Dubh : his son.

89. Earcoll : his son.

90. Earc : his son.

91. Eachdach : his son.

92. Cuscrach : his son.

93. P'ionnfhear : his son.

94. Fionnlogh : his son.

95. Onchu : his son.

96. Neidhe : his son.

97. Finghin : his son.

98. Fiobrann : his son ; had four
jrothers, from three of whom the
bllowing families are descended : —
i. Maoldabbreac (whose son Siriden
.vas ancestor of Sheridan)^ ancestor
)f O'Ciarrovan (now Kirwan),
yCiaragain (now Kerrigan), etc. ;
J. Mochan, who was the ancestor of
yMoran ; and 3. Rinnall, who was
mcestor of O'Daly of Conmacne.

99. Mairne : his son. From this
Vlairne's brothers are descended
yCanavan, 0' Birr en, Birney, and
\IacBirney, O^Kenney, O'Branagaiiy
War tin. Bredin, etc.

100. Croman : son of Mairne.

101. Eimhin : his son ; had three
brothers: — 1. Biobhsach, who was
ancestor of MacRaghnall (or T^ey-
nolds) of Connaught ; 2. Gearadhan,
ancestor of Gaynor ; 3. Giol lagan,
ancestor of Gilligan and Quinu of
the CO. Longford. ; From these three
brothers are also descended Shanly,
Mulvy, Mulkeeran, etc.

102. Angall : his son. From this
Angall that part of Conmacne now
known as the county of Longford,
and part of the county of West-
meath was called the " Upper
Anghaile," or Upper Annaly ; and
the adjacent part of the county of
Leitrim was called the " Lower
Anghaile," or Lower Annaly ) and his
posterity after they lost the title of
Kings of Conmacne, which his an-
cestors enjoyed, were, upon their
subjugation by the Anglo-Normans,
and on their consenting that their
country be made "Shire ground,"
styled lords of both Anghalies or

103. Braon : his son. This Braon's
brother Fingin was ancestor of
Finnegan, etc.

104. Congal : son of Braon.

105. Feargal ("feargal" : Irish, d
valiant vjarrior) : his son; a quo
O'Fergail, anglicised O'FarrelU
O'Ferrall, Farrell, Freehill, and Freel.

CAHILL. (No. 1.)
Of Corkashinny, or the Parish of Templemore.

Arms : Ar. a whale spouting in the sea ppr. Crest : An anchor erect, cable
wined around the stock all ppr.

vATHAL, brother of Lochlann, who is No. 103 on the ** O'Conor" (Cor-
omroej pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Cathail, anglicised Cahill.

103. Cathal (" cathal:" Irish,
alour) : son of Conor Mear (also

called Conor* na Luinge Luaithe) ;
a quo O'Cathail.

* Conor na Luinge Luaithe : This name, anglicised, means *' Conor of theSwifter-
•ailing Ship" (" luath," camp. " luaithe :" Irish, quick) : a quo 0' Luaithe, aaiglicised
>uick, and by some Loioe.

304 CAH.


CAH. [part III.

104. Conor : his sod.

105. Donall Dana* (" dana :" Irish,
bold ; Pers. and Arab, " dana," a
poet) : his son.

106. Teige O'Cahill: his son; first
assumed this sirname.

107. Brian Bearnach : his son.

108. Cathal (2) : his son.

109. Murtogh : his son.

110. Edmond : his son.

111. Donall Dunn : his son.

112. Tomhas naSealbuidhe("seal:"

Irish, a seal), meaning "Thomas of
the Seals :" his son ; a quo O'Seal-
luidhe or O'Seala, anglicised Shelly
and Sales.

113. John : his son.

114. Murtogh: his son.

115. Edmund: his son.

116. Teige Laidir ("laidir:" Irish,
strong) : his son ; a quo Lauder^
Stronq,'\ and Stronge.

117.' Tomhas O'Cahill : his! son ;
livincjA.D. 1700.

CAHILL. (No. 2.)
Of Ballycahillj Thurles, County Tipjperary.

Arms : At. a whale spouting in the sea ppr. Crest : An anchor erect, cable
twined around the stock all ppr.

Cathal, a younger brother of Lochlann, who is No. 103 on the " O'Connor
of Corcomroe" pedigree, was the ancestor of this branch of that family.
This sept originally possessed Corca Thine, now called Corkashinny, or the
parish of Templemore, co. Tipperary ; and more lately Ballycahill, near

In 1653 Daniel O'Cahill, brother of " Bogh" O'Cahill, chief of the Clan,
forfeited, under the Cromv^ellian Settlement, his castle and lands of Bally-
cahill, which were granted to Edward (or Edmund) Annesley,| ancestor of
Lord Annesley; and on the 28th Jan., 1654, the said Danie]§ and his
family were transplanted to Ballyglass, co. Mayo. Commencing with this
Daniel Cahill or O'Cahill, the following is the pedigree :

1. Daniel Cahill, transplanted in
1654 to Ballyglass, co. Mayo, mar-
ried and had :

2. Daniel, who m. and had :

3. William, who, after the Battle
of the Boyne, settled in the Queen's
County, and there, in 1715, married
Mary, dau. of Michael Mulhall, and
had two sons — 1. John, 2. Thomas;
and a daughter Elizabeth.

4. Thomas : son of William, m.
Bridget, dau. of Owen Harte, and
had four sons: — 1. Daniel, of whom
presently ; 2. Thomas ; 3. Oliver ;
4. another Daniel. The third son
Oliver was a Civil Engineer, who d.
in 1859, leaving three sons :

I. Patrick Cahill, LL.B.

II. John Cahill.

* Dana : This Donall was the ancestor of Daivney, and, it is said, of Dane anc

f Strong : Wliile some genealogists derive this sirname from " Strongbow,'
others are of opinion that Strong and Stronge are Headfordshire or Border names
derived from the Anglo-Norman Storange.

X Annesley : See page 452 of our Irish landed Gentry.

§ Daniel ; See p. 361, Ibid. ; and No. 344, fol. 62, of the Book of Transplanten

CHAP. Til.] CAH.


CAW. 305

III. Rev. Thomas Cahill, S.J.,
living in Melbourne.

5. Daniel : son of Thomas ; m.
Catherine, dau. of Oliver Brett (a
(iescendant of Sir Philip le Brett,
j<overnor of Leighlin). The issue of
this marriage was three sons, two of
whom died young, and the third
was the celebrated Divine, who is
No. 6 on this pedigree.

6. The Very Rev. Daniel William
Cahill,* D.D., a Catholic Priest, who
died in Boston, America, 28th
October, 1864; and whose remains
were in 1885 translated to Ireland,
and interred in Glasnevin Cemetery,
Dublin, where, in grateful recog-
nition of Doctor Cahill's signal ser-
vices to Ireland, his compatriots
erectedin 1887 a statue over hisgrave.


Of West Connaught.

Arms : Sa. a chev, erm. betw. three swans' heads, erased at the neck ar.

The family of CCadhla (" cadhla:" Irish,/air, beautiful, anglicised O'Cawley,
MacCaivley, and Cawley), derives its name and descent from Cadhla, a
descendant of Conmac, son of Fergus Mor, who (see page 301) is No. 64
on the "Line of Ir." The O'Cawleys were Chiefs of Conmacne-Mara (now
Connemara), in West Gal way. They were a peaceful tribe, and took little
or no part in any of the many disturbances which agitated Ireland since
the Anglo-Norman invasion.

1. Cadhla, a quo 0' Cadhla, an-
glicised O'Caivley.

2. Donoch Caoch : his son.

3. Donal : his son.

4. lomhai Fionn : his son.

5. Gilla-na-Neev : his son.

6. Gilla-na-Neev (2) : his son.

7. Doncha Mor : his son.

8. Doncha Oge : his son.

9. Aodh Dubh : his son.

10. Doncha (3) : his son.

11. Cathal : his son.

12. John (or Owen) : his son.

13. Muireadhagh : his son.

14. Muircheartagh : his son.

15. Flan: his son.

16. Muircheartagh (2) : his son.

17. Flan (2) : his son.

18. Malachy: his son.

19. Patrick : his son.

20. Melaghlin : his son.

21. Aodh (2) : his son.

22. Muircheartagh (3) : his son.

23. Muircheartagh Oge (4) : his

24. Malachy O'Cawley : his son.
This Malachy was a native of West
Conacht ; and in 1630 was appointed
to the Archbishopric of Tuam-da-
ghualan (now Tuam). This distin-
guished prelate was the last of a
long line of illustrious chiefs, and
the rightful owner of an extensive
estate in the barony of Ballinahinch,
in the county of Galway. He com-
manded a detachment of the Irish

• Cuhill : Daniel William Cahill, D.D., a pulpit orator, and lecturer upon chem-
istry and astronomy, was born in the Queen's County, in 1796. After studying at
Maynooth, he was ordained, and for a time was a professor in Carlow College. He is
well remembered as a fluent lecturer, waa the author of many pamphlets, and for a time
edited a newspaper in Dublin. Removing to the United IStates, he died in Boston, in
October, 1864, aged about 68 years — Webb.


S06 CAW.


CRO. [part III.

army in 1645, and was slain* near
Sligo in that year, in an unsuccess-
ful attempt to take the town from

the Parliamentarians, who held it
under Sir Charles Coote.


Princes of Crich-Cualgne, in Ulster
Arms : Two croziers in saltire.


CoNNALL, who is No. 92 on the "
this family.

93. Cu-Ulladh : son of Conall ; b.
A.D. 576.

94. Cas : his son.
Cu-Sleibhe : his son.
Conal : his son.
Fergus : his son.

98. Biesail : his son.

99. Cineath : his son.

100. Nial : his son.

101. Euan : his son.

102. Culenainf : his son.

103. Cronghall: his son; d. 935;
a quo O'Cronnelly, lord of Conaille.

104. Cineath (2) : his son.

^, 105. Matudan : his son; slain
995 ; Prince of Crich-Cualgne.

106. Cronghall (2) : his son.

107. Rory : his son.
Angusliath : his son.
Connall : his son.
Brian Roe : his son.
Gillananeev : his son.
Cu-Ulladh (2) : his son.


113. Cineath (3) : his son.

Guinness" Stem, was the ancestor of

1 114. Cillachriost : his son.
, 115. Eoghan : his son.

116. Cathal; his son.

117. Eoghan (2) Mor : his son.

118. Eoghan (3) Oge : his son.

119. Brian (2) : his son.

120. Cosgniadh : his son.

121. Eoghan (4) ; his son.

122. John the Piior: his son.

123. Giilachriost (2) : his son.

124. Donal: his son.
his son.

his son.

127. Donal (2) BuidheJ: his son.

128. Donal (3): his son.

129. Tadhi: (2): his son.

130. Tadhg(3): his son.

131. Pviocaird ; his son.

132. Tacihg (4): his son.

133. Riocaird (2): his son.

134. Tadhg (5): his son; b. 1804,
and living in 1864.

135. Richard F. O'Cronneily (2) :
his son; a member of the Irish

125. Tadhg:

126. Richard

* Slain: Of the " Cawley" tribe was the man by whom GeraldTitzjames Fitzgerald,
Earl of Desmond, w as in 1583 mortally wounded in Gleaiiaguanta. That maa was, as Cox
states, a native Irithman, who had been bred by the EDgi;sh, and was serving as a
kern under the English commandant of Castleraaigne, in 15^3. C)n the 11th November,
Fitzgerald was slam, his head sent to London, ana his body hung in chains in Cork. —
(See Ormonde's Letter, 15th Nov., 1583, in the State Paper Office.)

t Cuknain : A quo 0' Cullenane and Cullenane.

+ Donal Buidhe : This Donal was head of the Gal way branch of the family, was an
officer in the army of King Charles I. ; was in the Battle of Ldgehill, October 23rd,
1642 ; and also at Marstou Moor. On the defeat of the btuart cause at \yorcester, in
1651, he returned to his ancestral home at Killeeuan, near Rahasane, co. Galway
where he died circa 1659 ; his remains were interred in the now ruined church of
Kileely, where an oblong stone slab marks his last resting-place.



CUR. 807

Constabulary Force ; and residing
in the Constabulary Dep6b, Phoenix
Park, Dublin, Ireland, in June,

1864 ; b. 18 33 ; Chief of his name
and race. Author of Irish Family

Upon the defeat of the Ultonians in 1177, one of the chiefs of this
family was given as an hostage for the future fealty of the sept of Conaille to
De Courcy, by whom he was sent to England, where he became the ancestor
of the Cranleys of Cranley, one of whom, a Carmelite friar, was elected
Archbishop of Dublin, in 1397, at the instance of King Richard 11. This
prelate came to Ireland in 1398, and was appointed Lord Chancellor by
Richard II., who sent him on a mission to the Continent. He died at Far-
rington, in England, on the 25th of May, 1417, and was buried in the New
College, Oxford.


Arms : Vert ia front of a lance in pale or, a stag trippant ar. attired goll, befcw.
three crosses crosslet of the second, two and one, and as many trefoils slipped of the
third, one and two. Crest : In front of two lances in saltire ar. bedded or, an Irish
harp sa.

Fraoch, brother of Cubroc, who is Ko. 82 on the " O'Conor" (Corcomroe)
pedigree, was the ancestor of Clann Cruit'm; modernized O'Cruitin and
O'Ciiarthain; and anglicised MacCurtin, Curtin, Curtain, Jordan, and Jourdan.


- 84.




a poet,
a quo




Fraoch : son of Oscar.
Carthann : his son.
Lonan : his son.
Seanan : his son.
Labann : his son.
Brocan : his son.
Cruitin* File (" cruitin :"
a crooked-hack person ; " file,"
hard or minstrel) : his sou ;
Clann Cruitin.
Maolruana : his son.
Fergus : his son.
Saorbreitheamhf O'Cruitin :

his son; first assumed this sir-

92. Saortuile : his son.

93. Mudhna : his son.

94. Altan : his son.

95. Conor : his son.

96. Ilann : his son.

97. Aralt : his son.

98. Giolla Chriosd : his son.

99. Aodh (or Hugh) : his son.

100. Conor (2): his son.

101. Hush : his son.

102. Hugh

Oge : his son.

* Cruitin File ; The word cruitin [crutteen] is derived from the Irish cruit, " a
lyre," "harp," or " violin" (Lat. cythar-a). Of the ancient Irish Cruit Evans wrote :
" Ex sex chordis felinis constat, nee eodem modo quo vioiiuum modulatur, quamvis a
figura haud multum abludat."

t Saorbreitheamh : This word is compounded of the Irish saor, a workman, a
carpenter, a builder, a joiner, a mason ; and breitliemnh, a judge. Some of the de-
scendants of this Saorbi-eitheamh were, by way of eminence, called Mac-mi-t-Saoir
(literally, " the sons or descendants of the workman"), which has been anglicised