John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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of Shanlij, etc. ; 2. Anbeith, from
whom MacGarry is descended.

104. Maoldun : son of Maolmuire.

105. Flann (or Florence): his son.

106. Maolruanaidh : his son.

107. lomhar : his son; who was
called the '' black lord," and had a
brother named Duorcan, who was
the ancestor of Mulvy.

108. Muredach : son of lomhar;
had ten brothers.

109. Radhnal (or Randal) : his
son; B. quo 2facRadhnaiIl ("radh:"
Irish, a saying ; "anall," over to one
side from another), first anglicised

110. lomhar (2): his son.

111. Eergall : his son.

112. Muredach (2) : his son ; had
a brother named Radhnall-Logg-na-

113. Cathal Mor : his son ; was the :
first of this sept who assumed the \
sirname MacRannall ; had four sons,
three of whom were : — 1. Raghnall ; '.

2. Conor ; and 3. lomhar (or Ivar),
slain 1326.

(2). Conor, had a son Matha, who
had a son Hugh, who had a son Catha),
who had seven sons — Conor, Cathal,
Hugh, Brian, Manus, Owen, and

(3). lomhar, had a son Teige, who
had a son Murchadh, who had two
sons — Fergal, and Anthony ; An-
thony had a son Cathal.

114. Raghnall, the second Mac-
Rannall : his son ; had four sons —
1. lomhar ; 2. Cathal ; 3. "William ;
and 4. Mahon. Deposed 1317.

115. lomhar (3) : his son; had
seven sons — 1. Teige; 2. Dermod ;

3. Geofi'rey; 4. Fergal; 5. Ed-
mond ; 6. Melaghlin Oge-; and

7. Hugh.

(5). Edmond had a son lomhar ;
and 6. Melaghlin Oge had a son
Dermod, died 1374.

116. Teige : his son; slain 1328,
had six sons, four of whom were —
1. Cathal Roe; 2. Murchadh; 3.
Manus; and 4. Richard. This
Richard died on Christmas night
from drinking too much whiskey.

117. Cathal (or Charles) Ruadh :
his son (slain 1401) ; had six sons —
1. lor ; 2. Conor; '3. Rory; 4. Mul-
roony; 5. Brian; and 6. Cathal
Oge, died 1468.

(2). Conor had two sons — Edmond,
lord Clan Bibacht, and Mulroony ;
Mulroony had two sons — Felim (d.



REY. 345

1503) and Herbert ; Felim had a son
Conor, who had a son Cathal.

(6). Cathal Oge had two sons —
Teige and Conor ; Teige's issue —
Murrogh (lived 1468), Conor, Mal-
achy (lived 1468), Brian; and
Conor's — Teige and Hubert slain

118. lor: his son; a quo Slioch
Ir ("sliochd Ir :" Jr., the progeny of
Ir : a quo Oli-Ir, anglicised O'Hare) ;
had four sons — 1. William; 2. Der-
mod; 3. Owen:4.Manus.(2).Dermod
had two sons — Brian and Malachy.

119. William : his son ; made chief-
tain of Clan Malachy ia 1468, and
in 1492 on the death of Hubert he
became chief of Muintir Eoluis.

120. Thomas : his son ; the first of
this family who omitted the prefix
Mac, and instead of "Kannall,"
called himself Reynolds.^ This
Thomas had two sons — 1. Hum-
phrey ; and 2. Owen.

(2). Owen had a son, John, who
dathree sons — Owen,f Charles, of
Jamestown, and Thomas. This
Charles sat at the Catholic Confe-
deration in Kilkenny.

121. Humphrey Reynolds: his

122. John Reynolds of LochSeur :
his son ; known as '* Seaghan na g-
Ceann" or John of the Heads, on ac-
count of a dreadful massacre he
instigated of the leading chiefs of his
tribe at his castle of the Island of
Lough Seur which he built. This
John was a captain in the EHza-
bethan army in Ireland, and the
first of his family who conformed to
the Protestant Church ; he died in

123. Humphrey (2) : his son.

124. William (2): his son.

125. James: his son.

126. Henry Reynolds : his son.

REYNOLDS. (No. 2.)

Of Dublin.

Arms: See those of " Reynolds" (No. 1).

121. Owen : son of Thomas, who is
No. 120 on the " Reynolds" (No. 1)
pedigree, had a son John.

122. John : said son of Owen ; had
three sons — Owen, Charles, and

123. Thomas : said son of John.
This Thomas had two sons — Ivar of
Cloon, and Henry of Annaghduff.

I 124. Henry: second son of Thomas;

born 1610; took the National side
in 1641.

125. Thomas: his son.

126. George : his son.

127. MacRannall of Cor-

dufF, born 1707 ; had three sons: —
1. Charles, proprietor of Esker-Each
and Esker-na-Coille, who left issue
— Brian, Henry, and George ; 2.

* Reynolds : Thomas Eeynolds, pursuant to an Act of Parliament passed in Queen
Elizabeth's reign, changed his name from that of MacRannall : "for which and for
his civiHzing his family and bringing his country to the obedience of the Crown of
England, and introducmg the English customs and fashions among them, he was called
MacRannall Gallda (or the English MacRannall), and also Magrannell. — Four

t Owen : This Owen
Cromwell's time.

had a son John Oge who was chief of his name in Oliver

346 KEY.


RUD. [part III.

Ignatius, lived in Spain, and d. s. p. ;
and 3. Laurence of Clonbonny.

128. Laurence: the third son; b.
1737; had six sons: — 1. Henry;
2. Mark; 3. Edmond; 4. John; 5.
Patrick ; and 6. Charles, whose son
Henry (of the 58th Foot) died of
apoplexy at Shorncliffe Camj^, 1859,
leaving issue.

129. Henry: son of Laurence; b.

1767, lord of Muintir Eoluis ; m.
Margaret, dau. of Richard Bulkley,
M.D., Nenagh, and left issue :

1. Thomas Eeynolds, Marshal of
Dublin, born January 20th, 1793.

2. John Reynolds, Alderman, J. P.,
M.P., ex-Lord Mayor of Dublin,
born 1797 ; and

3. Henry Reynolds, born 1799.


Ai^is : Per chev. in chief two demi lions ramp, and a mullet in base. Cresl : A
lion ramp. Motto : Pro rege ssepe, pro patria semper.

FlCHEALLACH, brother of Neidhe, who is No. 96 on the " Line of Ir," p. 303,
was the ancestor of O'Fiodoighe; anglicised 0' Roddy, Roddy, Reddy, and

Ficheallach : son of Onchu.

Naradh : his son.

Rodoch (" rod :" Irish, a

: hi^

son; a quo O'Rodoighe;




had two brothers — 1. Dunchean,
who was the ancestor of Duncan,
and 2. Tormach, who was the an-
cestor of Tormey of Connaught.

99. Maolin Fionn : his son.

100. Alastrum (or Alexander) :
his son.

101. Ardgall: his son.

102. Gillmanchan : his son.

103. Gormghall : his son.

104. Gillchriosd : his son.

105. Maoliosa : his son.

106. Feichin : his son.

107. Mulmichil: his son.

108. Giolliosa : his son.

109. Mulmuire : his son.

110. Mulmichil (2) : his son.

111. Donall : his son.

112. Gillbair ("bar:"* Irish, ex-

cellence) : his son ; a quo O'G'wl-
labair, anglicised Barr and Barre.

113. Giolla Muire (or the "De-
voted of the Blessed Virgin Mary"):
his son; a quo MacGiolla Muire,
anglicised MacGilmary, Maryson,
Mar son, Marysman, Mary man,
3Ierryman, Merriman, and Gilmore.
This Irish name was also anglicised

his son.
his son.

116. Eilia: his son.

117. Luachcas : his son.

118. John : his son.

119. Pvobert : his son.

120. Matthew: his son.

121. Teige : his son.

122. William : his son.

123. Bryan Biiidhe: his son.

124. Teige (2): his son.

125. Teige Oge O'Roddy : his son ;
who was a learned antiquarian.

114. Eigneach :

115. Giollaiosa

corn :

* Bar : Compare the Irish word "bar" with the Heb. "bar," a son; "bar,"
barh," above ; and "baar," was famous; with the Syriac, Old Pers., and Chald.

high ; the Arab, " barr," tcheat ; and the Pers. " ber," fruit.



SHA. 347


Of Fernaught, County Leitrim.

Arms : Az. a lion statant or, holding out the forepaw, in chief three estoiles of the
second. Crest ; A hand from below the wrist in armour, holding a broken sword.

Brocan, brother Of Maolmuire, who is No. 103 on the *' Reynolds"
pedigree, was the ancestor of 0' Seanlaoich ; anglicised MacSlianly and

103. Brocan : son of Eolus.

104. Seanlaoch (" sean :" Irish,
old ; Lat. " sen-ex :" " laoch :" Irish,
a hero) : his son : a quo O'Seanlaoich.
This Seanlaoch had a brother named
Conor, who was the ancestor of
MacCulroy (modernized MacElroy
and Macllrorj) ; and another brother
named Giollchriosd (meaning " the
devoted of Christ,") a quo Gill-
chriest and MacGillchriesf.

105. Giollabrighid [Gillbride] : son
of Seanlaoch.

106. Donoch : his son ; died in the
Abbey of Boyle, A.D. 1256.

107. Dunsithe: his son,

108. Gillbaire [Gillbarry]: his son.

109. Giolla Padraic [Gillpatrick]
Buidhe : his son.

110. Teige : his son.

111. Giollaiosa [Gillacius] : his

112. Hugh Ruadh [Roe] : his son.

113. Maothan [Mahoon] : his son.
Had three brothers — 1. William,
2. '• The Dean," 3. Dunsithe.

114. Dermod Dubh : his son,

115. Seona : his son.

116. Cormac: his son.

117. Gothfrith [Jeffrey], of Dro-
mod: his son; chief of his name
and clan. This Jeffrey had two
sons: 1. Edmond, who had a son
named Edmond Oge MacShanly;
2. Cormac.

118. William MacShanly : son of

119. William Shanly: his son;
lived for a time in the county Meath
during the troublous times of the
Commonwealth, but, upon the Res-
toration, returned to his old home
at Dromod (or Drumod), and had
grants from the Crown of certain
lands in the county of Roscommon,
outside of his patrimony in the
county Leitrim.

120. William, of Dromod: his
son ; was named in King James's
Charter to Jamestown, " Sovereign"
of that borough, which he repre-
sented in Parliament in 1688. This
William with his three brothers
were loyal adherents of King James :
all four held commissions in the
Army, as did also their uncle Major
Michael Shanly of Cargins. The
fortune of war having declared
against their cause, the five were
included in the list of " attainted"
gentlemen in Leitrim. When peace
had been restored, the aforesaid
William Shanly, M.P. for James-
stown, chief of his clan, and Captain
in O'Gara's Regiment, was found
seized of a considerable estate, on
which he fixed his residence at
FearnaughtjOverlooking the "stately
Shannon :" here, for a century, the
family was known " as Shanly of

121. James Shanly, of Fearnaught :
son of said William ; m. in Feb.,
1709, Miss O'Farrell,* dau. of Col.

* Miss O'Farrell : This lady was cousin-german to Diana O'Farrell, Countess of
Effingham, dau. of Major-General Francis- Fergus O'Farrell.

348 SHA.


SHA. [part III.

Roger OTerrall, of ]Moriiin Castle,
M.P. for Longford, by his wife,
Mary, dau. of Sir Thomas Nugent.

122. William Shanly, of Fear-
naught : son of James ; had a
brother Iriel, who d. unmarried.
This William m. in May, 1734, Miss
Jennings, and, with two daughters
who did not marry, had four sons :
1. William;* 2. James; 3. Tobias;
4. Michael.

123. Michael: the said fourth son
of William ; was an officer in the
18th Light Dragoons, and, while
with his Regiment in Tipperary, m.
at Nenagh a widow lady, Mrs. Con-
stable (her name was Jane Shaw),
and dying suddenly (as his brother
Tobias had died) at his house in
Eccles-street, Dublin, in July, 1814,
left three sons — 1. Robert, 2.
William, 3. James.

124. Rev. Robert Shanly, Rector
of Julian's-town, co. Meath : eldest
son of Captain Michael Shanly ; m. ;
Miss Stewart, and had one son |
William, and four daughters.! j

AVilliam, second son of Captain !
Michael Shanly, succeeded his uncle '
of the same name in W^illyfield
(1815), and, until his death (in
1824), was a grand-juror and magis-
trate of his county (Leitrim). He '
m. Charlotte, dau. of Alexander
Percy of Garradise, same county, \

and, with several daughters, had
two sons — William, of Willyfield
and Bush Hill, and James, of Rivers-
dale. Of this family the eldest son
William alone was living in 1879 ;
he m. his cousin, Lavinia, dau. of
Major John Peycy of Garradise,
and had one son and one daughter ;
his son William- John, was (in 1880)
Captain in the Army.

James, the youngest of Captain
Michael Shanley's three sons,Master
of Arts, T.C.D., and a member of
the bar, was of " The Abbey,"
Queen's County ; Norman's-Grove,
county ]\Ieath ; and a magistrate of
Leitrim. He m., first, Frances
Elizabeth, dau. of Charles Mulvany
of the City of Dublin, merchant,
and, she dying in 1821, he m.,
secondly, Ellen, sister of his first
wife; this lady d. in 1869. Mr.
James Shanly emigrated to Canada
in 1836, and, at his place of Thorn-
dale, Ontario, d. 27th Oct., 1857,
aged 79. Two generations of his
family are now to be found in
Canada, and they, with their near
relatives, William Shanly, of Butte-
vant ; William Shanly of Bush Hill,
with his one son, William-John ;
and one other William (living some-
where abroad) son of James of
Riversdale, above mentioned, are
the sole representatives of their

* William : This William Shanly, of Feamaught and Willyfield, died unmarried,
He was High Sheriff of Leitrim in 1784 ; and, after a long life of praiseworthy record,
d. at his place of Willyfield, in October, 1815, aged 80 years. His younger brother
James also d. unmarried ; and the third brother Tobias, of Dromodbeg, m. Prudence,
dau. of Matthew Nesbitt, of Derrycame, and had one daughter, and a son named
Tobias, who was an officer in the 16th Eegimeut, The said third brother Tobias, d.
suddenly : An enthusiastic fisherman, it was his wont, in pursuit of his favourite
pastime, to anchor his boat in some of the bays or " loughs" of the beautiful Shannon,
on the banks of which he was born and had passed his life, and was so found one day,
fishing-rod in hand — dead. Of this branch of the family there are no descendants in
the male line.

t Daughters : Of the four daughters three were married : Jane, to Henry Parsons,
on of the Hon. John-Clerc Parsons, brother of the Earl of Rosse ; Elizabeth, to
Frederick-Henry Villiers ; and Sarah, to John-Hungerford Sealy, of Barleyfield, county

CHAP. Til.] SHA.


WAK. 349

house. None others of the name,
wheresoever to be found, can, within
any recognisable degree of con-
sanguinity, claim kindred with the
Shanlys of Fearn aught.

125. William of Buttevant Castle :
son of the Rev. Eobert Shanly ;
living in 1879 ; and then unmarried.


Of Ireland.
Arms : Ar. two bars gu. each charged with as many martlets or.

EoCHA, brother of lomchadh who is No. 85 on the " Manning" pedigree,
was the ancestor of Mac-an-Bliaird ; anglicised Ward and Mac Ward.

had a

85. Eocha : son of Sodhan

86. Nar : his son.

87. Fionnchadh : his son.

88. Reachtach : his son.

89. Nuada Dearg : his son.

90. Ughaine : his son.

91. Maighlen : his son;
brother named Fionnagan.

92. Gillde ("Giolla": Irish, a
servant; "Dia," gen. "De," God ;
Heb. "Yah;" Lat. " De-us ;" Gr.
"The-os," Accusat. "Dia"):_his
son ; a quo O'Giollade, anglicised

93. Eachtighearna : his son

94. Dermod : his son.

95. Ughra : his son.
. 96. Murios : his son.

97. Gillde (2) : his son.

98. Melachlin : his son.

99. Ughra (2) : his son.

100. Murios (2) : his son.

101. Gillde (3) : his son.

102. Melachlin (2) : his son.

103. Ughra (3) : his son.

104. Gillcoimdhe : his son.

105. Dermod (2) : his son.

106. Maccraith : his son.

107. Conor : his son.

108. Shane (or John) : his son. \

109. Owen Ma c-an-B haird*
(" bhard" : Irish, a lard ; Heb.
"baar," teas famous), of Mony-
cassan : his sou ; a quo Mac Ward,
modernized Ward. ^

■ * Mac-an-Bhaird : By some of the descendants of this Owen, this sirname was
rendered 0' Bairdain, which has been variously anglicised as follows: Baird, Bard,
Barde, Barderi, Bardin, Bardwg, Bardon, Barien Barton, Berdan, Berdon, Burdov,
Purdon, Verdon, and Wardin.



1 & 2. Cearmna and Sobhrach : sons of Eibhric, son of Heber, son of Ir.
'6. Seidnae : son of Airtri, son of Eibhric.

4. Fiacha Fionn-Sciothach : son of Seidnae.

5. Eochaidh (Ollamh Fodhla) : son of Fiacha.

6. Finachta Fionn-sueachta : son of Eochaidh.

7. Slanoll : son of Eochaidh.

8. Gead Ollghothach : son of Gead, son of Eochaidh.

9. Fiacha : son of Finachta Fionn-sneachta.

10. Bergna: son of Gead Ollghothach.

11. Olioll : son of SlanoU.

12. Fionn : son of Labhra, son of Cairbre, son of Eochaidh.

13. Siorlamhach : son of Fionn, son of Bratha, son of Labhra, son of

1 4. Argethamar : son of Siorlamhach.

15. Aodh Ruadh : son of Badhurn, son of Argethamar.

16. Diothorba : son of Diomain, son of Argethamar.

17. Cimbath : son of Fionntain, son of Argethamar.

18. Macha Mongrua (Queen) : dau. of Aodh Ruadh.

19. Ruadhri Mor : son of Sitrighe, son of Dubh, son of Fomhor, son
of Argethamar.

20. Bresal Bobhiobha : son of Breasal, son of Ruadhri Mor.

21. Congall Clareineach : son of Conal, son of Ruadhri Mor.

22. Fachna Fathach : son of Ruadhri Mor.

23. Eiliomh MacConrach : son of Conrach, son of Ruadhri Mor.

24. Mai MacRochraidhe : son of Rochraidhe, son of Cathbuadh, son of
Gillacha, son of Donchadha, son of Fionchadha, son of Mureadhach, son of
Fiocha, son of Irial Glunmear, son of Congall Clareineach.

25. Caolbadh: son of Cruin Bradhraoi, son of Eachach, son of
Lughaidh MacRosa, son of lomchada, son of Felim, son of Cas, son of
Fiacha Araidhe, son of Angusa, son of Fergus, son of Tiobhruidhe, son
of Breasal, son of Mai Mac Rochraidhe.

Of the Irian race thirty-five princes became Kings of Ulster, and kept
their court at Eamhain, founded by Queen Macha ; and twenty-five of
them were Monarch s of Ireland, including Queen Macha.



Heremon was the seventh son of Milesius of Spain (who is No. 36, p. 50y,
but the third of the three sons who left any issue. From him were
descended the Kings, Nobihty, and Gentry of the Kingdoms of Connaught,*
Dalriada, Leinster, Meath, Orgiall, Ossory ; of Scotland, since the fifth
century ; of Ulster, since the fourth century ; and of England, from the
reign of King Henry II., down to the present time.

The Stem of the "Line of Heremon."


The Stem of the Irish Nation from Heremon down to (No. 81) Art
Eanfhear, Monarch of Ireland in the second century, who was the ancestor
of O'h-Airt, anglicised O'Hart.

" The House of Heremon,"! writes O'Callaghan, " from the number of its princes,
or great families — from the multitude of its distinguished characters, as laymen or
churchmen — and from the extensive territories acquired by those belonging to it, at
home and abroad, or in Alba as well as in Ireland — was regarded as by far the most
illustrious : so much so, according to the best native authority, that it would be as
reasonable to afiB.rm that one pound is equal in value to one hundred pounds, as it would
be to compare any other line with that of Heremon."

36. Milesius of Spain.

37. Heremon : his son. He and
his eldest brother Heber were,
jointly, the first Milesian Monarchs
of Ireland ; they began to reic^n,
A.M. 3,500, or, Before Christ, 1699.
After Heber was slain, B.C. 1698,
Heremon reigned singly for fourteen

years ; during which time a certain
colony called by the Irish Cruith-
neaigh, in English " Cruthneans" or
Fids, arrived in Ireland and re-
quested Heremon to assign them a
part of the country to settle in,
which he refused ; but, giving them
as wives the widows of the Tuatha-

* Connaught : In other parts of this Work '* Connaught" is spelled Conacht ; as we
found it in the MS. or Work which we consulted.

I Keremon : According to the "Book of Ballymote," the river "LLffey" derived its
name from the circumstance of a battle having been fought near it by the Milesians,
against the ,Tua-de-Danans ; and the horse of the Milesian Monarch Heremon, which
was named" Gabhar [gavar] Lifif^" {gahhar : ancient Scotic and British word for the
Lat. "eg-uus," a horse, which, in modern Irish, is "each" [ogh], a steed), having been
killed there, the river was called " Liffe" or " Liffey." In Irish it was called " Amhan
Liff^" {Amhan : Irish, a river ; Lat. amn-is), signifying the River Liffey, which was
first anglicised " Avon Liffey," and, in modern times, changed to Anna Liffey — the river
on which the city of Dublin is built. ;



[part III.

de-Danans, slain in battle, he sent
them with a strong party of his own
forces to conquer the country then
called "Alba," but now Scotland ;
conditionally, that they and their
posterity should be tributary to the
Monarchs of Ireland. Heremon
died, B.C. 1683, and was succeeded
by three of his four sons, named
Muimne,* Luigne, and Laighean,
who reigned jointly for three years,
and were slain by their Heberian

38. Iriai Faidh ("faidh" : Irish, a
prophet): his son; was the 10th
Monarch of Ireland ; d. B.C. 1670.
This was a very learned King ;
could foretell things to come ; and
caused much of the country to be
cleared of the ancient forests. He
likewise built seven royal palaces,
viz., Eath Ciombaoith, Rath Coin-
cheada, Eath Mothuig, Eath
Buirioch, Eath Luachat, Eath
Croicne, and Eath Boachoill. He
won four remarkable battles over
his enemies: — Ard Inmath, at
Teabtha, where Stirne, the son of
Dubh, son of Fomhar, was slain ;

the second battle was at Teanm-
huighe, against the Fomhoraice,
where Eichtghe, their leader, was
slain ; the third was the battle of
Loch Muighe, where Lugrot, the
son of Moghfeibhis, was slain ; and
the fourth was the battle of Cuill
Martho, where the four sons of
Heber were defeated. Irial died in
the second year after this battle,
having reigned 10 years, and was
buried at Magh Aluagh.

39. Eithrial: his son; was the
11th Monarch; reigned 20 years;
and was slain by Conmaol, the son
of Heber Fionn, at the battle of
Soirrean, in Leinster, B.C. 1650.

This also was a learned King, he
liTote with his own hand the History
of the Gaels (or Gadelians) ; in his
reign seven large woods were cleared
and much advance made in the
practice of agriculture.

40. Foll-Aich : his son ; was kept
out of the Monarchy by Conmaol,
the slayer of his father, who usurped
his place.

41. TigernmasI : his son; was the
13th Monarch, and reigned 77

* Muimne : This Monarcli was buried at Cruachan {cruachan: Irish, a little hill) or
Croaghan, situated near Elphin, in the county of Eoscommon. In the early ages,
Croaghan became the capital of Connaught and a residence of the ancient Kings of
Ireland ; and at Croaghan the states of ^Connaught held conventions, to make laws and
inaugurate their Kings. There, too, 'about a century before the Christian era, the
Monarch Eochy Feidlioch (Ko. 72 in this stem) erected a royal residence and a great
rath, called " Rath-Cruachan," after his queen, Cruachan Croidheirg [Croidheirg : Irish,
a rising heart), mother of Maud, the celebrated queen of Connaught, who, wearing on
her head " Aision" or golden crown, and seated in her gilded war-chariot surrounded by
several other war-chariots, commanded in person, like the ancient queens of the
Amazons, her Connaught forces, in the memorable seven years' war against the Eed
Branch Knights of Ulster, who were commanded by King Connor MacNessa, as men-
tioned in, our ancient records. — Coxnellax.

t Tigernmas (or Tiernmas) : This Tiernmas was the Monarch who set up the
famous idol called " Crom Cruach" (literally, the crooked heap) on the plain of Magh
Sleaght, now Fenagh, in the barony of Mohill, county of Leitrim. This idol was
worshipped up to the time of St. Patrick, by whom it was destroyed. Among the idol-
worship of the ancient Irish at that time was that of the sun : the sun-worship which
was tbat of the Magi or wise men of the East, who, we are told in Scripture, were led
to Bethlehem by divine inspiration to see the Infant Jesus.

This Monarch introduced certain distinctions in rank among the Irish, which were
indicated by the wearing of certain colours, which, by some persons, is believed to have
been the origin of the Scotch plaid. According to Keatinge, one colour was used in the
dress of a slave ; two colours in that of a plebeian ; three, in that of a soldier or young





accordinir to



reigned but 50 years; he fought
twenty-seven battles with the fol-
lowers of the family of Heber Fioan,
all which he gained. In his reign
gold was mined near the LifFey, and
skilfully worked by Imhadhan.
This King also made a law that
each grade of society should be
known by the number of colours in
its wearing apparel : — the clothes of
a slave should be of one colour;
those of a soldier of tvjo ; the dress
of a commanding officer to be of
three colours ; a gentleman's dress,
who kept a table for the free enter-
tainment of strangers, to be of four
colours ; five colours to be allowed to
the nobility (the chiefs) ; and the