John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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King, Queen, and Koyal Family,
as well as the Druids, historians,
and other learned men to wear six

This King died, B.C. 1543, on the
Eve of 1st of November, with two-
thirds of the people of Ireland, at
Magh Sleaght (or Field of Adora-
tion), in the county of Leitrim, as
he was adoring the Sun-God, Crom
Cruach (a quo Macroom).

Historians say this Monarch was
the first who introduced image
worship in Ireland.

42. Enboath : his son. It was in
this prince's lifetime that the King-
dom was divided in two parts by a
ine drawn from Drogheda to

43. Smiomghall : his son : in his
ifetime the Picts in Scotland were
forced to abide by their oath, and

B\y homage to the Irish ]\Ionarch ;
ven large woods were also cut

44. Fiacha Labhrainn : his son ;
was the 18th Monarch; reigned 24
years ; slew Eochaidh Faobharglas,
of the line of Heber, at the battle
of Carman. During his reign all
the inhabitants of Scotland were
brought in subjection to the Irish
Monarchy, and the conquest was
secured by his son the 20th Mon-
arch. Fiacha at length (B.C. 1448)
fell in the battle of Bealgadain, by
the hands of Eochaidh Mumho, the
son of Moefeibhis, of the race of
Heber Fionn.

45. Aongus Olmucach : his son ;
was the 20th Monarch ; in his reign
the Picts again refused to pay the
tribute imposed on them 250 years
before, by Heremon, but this Mon-
arch went with a strong army into
Alba and in thirty pitched battles
overcame them and forced them to
pay the required tribute.

Aongus was at length slain by
Eana, in the battle of Carman, B.C.

46. Main : his son; was kept out
of the Monarchy by Eadna, of the
line of Heber Fionn. In his time
silver shields were given as rewards
for bravery to the Irish militia.

47. Eotheachtach* : his son ; was
the 22nd Monarch ; slain, B.C. 1357,
by Sedne (or Seadhna), of the Line

48. Dein : his son ; was kept out
of the Monarchy by his father's
slayer, and his son. In his time
gentlemen and noblemen first wore
gold chains round their necks, as a
sign of their birth ; and golden
helmets were given to brave soldiers,

49. Siorna " Saoghalach" {long-
cevus): his son ; was the 34th Mon-

ord ; four, in that of a bnighaidh or public victualler ; five, in that of a lord of a tuath
•r cantred ; and six colours in that of an ollamh or chief professor of any of the liberal
its, and in that of the king and queen. — Book, of Eights.

* Rotheachtach ' Silver shields were made, and four-horse chariots were first used,
II Ireland, in the reign of this Monarch.




[part III,

arch : he obtained the name
^' Saoghalach" on account of his ex-
traordinary long life ; slain, B.c
1030, at Aillin, by Eotheachta, of
the Line of Heber Fionn, who
usurped the Monarchy, thereby
excluding from the throne —

50. Olioll Aolcheoin : son of
Siorna Saoghalach.

51. Gialchadh : his son : was the
37th Monarch; killed by Art
Imleach, of the Line of Heber
Fionn, at Moighe Muadh, B.C. 1013.

52. Nuadhas Fionnfail : his son ;
was the 39th Monarch; slain by
Breasrioghacta, his successor, B.C.

53. Aedan Glas : his son. In his
time the coast was infested with
pirates ; and there occurred a dread-
ful plague (Apthach) which swept
away most of the inhabitants.

54. Simeon Breac : his son; was
the 44th Monarch; he inhumanly
caused his predecessor to be torn
asunder ; but, after a reign of six
years, he met with a like death, by
order of Duach Fionn, son to the
murdered King, B.C. 903.

55. Muredach Bolgach : his son ;
was the 46th Monarch; killed by
Eadhna Dearg, B.C. 892; he had
two sons — Duach Teamhrach, and

56. Fiacha Tolgrach : son of
Muredach ; was the 55th Monarch.
His brother Duach had two sons,
Eochaidh Framhuine and Conang
Beag-eaglach, who were the 51st
and 53rd Monarchs of Ireland.

Fiacha's life was ended by the

sword of Oilioll Fionn, of the Line
of Heber Fionn, B.C. 795.

57. Duach Ladhrach : his son ;
was the 59 th Monarch ; killed by
Lughaidh Laighe, son of Oilioll
Fionn, B.C. 737.

58. Eochaidh Buadhach : his son ;
was kept out of the Monarchy by
his father's slayer. In his time the
kingdom was twice visited with a

59. Ugaine Mor* : his son. This
Ugaine (or Hugony) the Great was
the 66 th Monarch of Ireland. Was
called 3I6r on account of his ex-
tensive dominions, — being sovereign
of all the Islands of Western
Europe. Was married to Csesair,
dau. to the King of France, and by
her had issue — twenty-two sons and
three daughters. In order to pre-
vent these children encroaching on
each other he divided the Kingdom
into twenty-five portions, allotting
to each his (or her) distinct inheri-
tance. By means of this division,
the taxes of the country were
collected during the succeeding 300
years. All the sons died without
issue except two, viz: — Laeghaire
Lore, ancestor of all the Leinster ,
Heremonians ; and Cobthach Caol-
bhreagh, from whom the Heremon-
ians of Leath Cuinn, viz., Meath,
Ulster, and Conacht derive their

Ugaine was at length, B.C. 593,
slain by Badhbbchadh, who failed
to secure the fruits of his murder
the Irish Throne, as he was executed
by order of Laeghaire Lore, the



* Ugaine M6r : In the early ages the Irish Kings made many miHtary expeditionj
into foreign countries. Ugaine Mor, called by O'Flaherty, in his Ogygia, " Hugoniui
Magnus," was contemporary with Alexander the Great ; and is stated to have sailec
with a fleet into the Mediterranean, landed his forces in Africa, and also attacket
Sicily ; and having proceeded to Gaul, was married to Csesair, daughter of the Kin|
of the Gauls. Hugonius was buried at Cruachan. The Irish sent, during the Puni<
wars, auxiliary troops to their Celtic Brethren, the Gauls ; who in their alliance witi
the Carthaginians under Hannibal, fought against the Roman armies in Spain anc

;hap. IV.]



nardered Monarch's son, who bs-
jame the 68th Monarch.

60. Colethach Caol-bhreagh : son
)f Ugaine Mor ; was the 69 th Mon-
irch ; it is said, that, to secure the
rhrone, he assassinated his brother
Liaeghaire; after a long reign he
YAS at length slain by Maion, his
lepbew, B.C. 541.

61. Melg Molbhthach: his son;
vas the 71st Monarch ; was slain by
viodhchorb, son of Cobhthach
^aomh, of the Line of Heber Fionn,

C. 541.

62. laran Gleofathach : his son ;
ras the 74th Monarch ; was a King
f great justice and wisdom^ <very
7g\\ learned and possessed of many
ccomplishments ; slain by Fear-
horb, son of Modh-Chorb, B.C.

63. CgnlaOaomh: his son; was
he Z^h Monarch of Ireland; died

natural death, B.C. 442.

64. Olioll Cas-fiachlach : his son ;
/as the 77th Monarch; slain by
is successor, Adhamhar Foltchaion,

c. 417.

65. Eochaidh Alt-Leathan : his
3n ; was the 79th Monarch; slain
y Feargus Fortamhail, his succes-
)r, B.C. 395.

66. Aongus (or ^aeas) Tuir-
leach-Teamrach : his son ; was the
1st Monarch; his son, Fiacha
'irmara (so called from being ex-
osed in a small boat on the sea)
as ancestor of the Kings of
alriada and Argyle in Scotland,
his Aongus was slain at Tara
^eamhrach), b.c. 324.

67. Enna Aigneach : the legiti-
.ate son of Aongus ; was the 84th
bnarch ; was of a very bountiful
bposition, and exceedingly muni-
5ent in his donations. This King
8t his life by the hands of Criom-

au Cosgrach, B.C. 292.

68. Assaman Eamhna : his son ;

was excluded from the Throne by
his father's murderer.

69. Roighen Ruadh : his son ; in
his time most of the cattle in Ire-
land died of murrain.

70. Fionnlogh : his son.

71. Fionn: his son; m. Bania,
dau. of Oriomthan ; had two sons.

72. Eochaidh Feidlioch : his son;
was the 93rd Monarch ; m. Oloth-
fioan, dau. of Eochaidh Uchtlea-
than, who was a very virtuous lady.
By him she had three children at a
birth — Breas, Nar, and Lothar (the
Flneamhccs), who were slain at the
battle of Dromchriadh ; after their
death, a melancholy settled on the
Monarch, hence his name '^ Feidh-

This Monarch caused the division
of the Kingdom by Ugaine M6r
into twenty-five parts, to cease ; and
ordered that the ancient Firvolgian
division into Provinces should be
resumed, viz., Two Munsters,
Leinster, Conacht, and Ulster.

He also divided the government
of these Provinces amongst his
favourite courtiers : — Conacht he
divided into three parts between
Fiodhach, Eochaidh Allat, and
Tinne, son of Conragh, son of
Ruadhri Mor, No 62 on the "Line
of Ir;" Ulster (Uladh) he gave to
Feargus, the son of Leighe ; Leins-
ter he gave to Ros, the son of
Feargus Fairge ; and the two Muns-
ters he gave to Tighernach Teadh-
bheamach and Deagbadah.

After this division of the King-
dom, Eochaidh proceeded to erect a
Royal Palace in Conacht ; this he
built on Tinne's government in a
place called Druin-na-n Druagh,now
Craughan (from Craughan Crod-
hearg, Maedhbh's mother, to whom
she gave the palace), but previously,
Rath Eochaidh. About the same
time he bestowed his daughter the



[part III.

Princess Maedhbh on Tinne, whom
he constituted King of Conacht ;
Maedhbh being hereditary Queen of
that Province.

After many years reign Tinne was
slain by Maceacht (or Monaire) at
Tara. After ten years' undivided
reign, Queen Maedhbh married
Oilioll Mdr, son of Eos Euadh, of
Leinster, to whom she bore the
seven Maine ; Oilioll Mor was at
length slain by Conall Cearnach,
who was soon after killed by the
people of Conacht. Maedhbh was
at length slain by Ferbhuidhe, the
son of Conor MacNeasa {Neasa was
his mother); but in reality this
Conor was the son of Fachtna
Fathach, son of Cas, son of Euadhri
Mor, of the Line of Ir.

This Monarch, Eochaidh, died at
Tara, B.C. 130.

73. Bress-Nar-Lothar : his son.
In his time the Irish first dug
graves beneath the surface to bury
their dead ; previously they laid the
body on the surface and heaped

stones over it. He had also been
named Fineamhnas.

74. Lughaidh Sriabh-n Dearg :
his son ; was the 98th Monarch ;
he entered into an alliance with the
King of Denmark, whose daughter,
Dearborguill, he obtained as his
wife ; he killed himself by falling on
his sword in the eighth year Before

75. Crimthann-Xiadh-Nar* : his ],
son ; who was the 100th Monarch ^
of Ireland, and styled "The Heroic." ^
It was in this Monarch's reign that ^,
our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ
was born. /

Crimthann's death was occasioned
by a fall from his horse, B.C. 9. ij^
Was married to ]Sar-Tath-Chaoch,
dau. of Laoch, son of Daire, who L
lived in the land of the Picts (Scot-
land). ^

76. Feredach Fionn-Feachtnach :
his son ; was the 102nd Monarch J l
The epithet " feachtnach " was ap4
plied to this Monarch because of hisT \


truth and sinceritij. In his reign livei :


* Crimtliann Niadh Nar : This Monarch and Conaire Mor (or Conary the Great),
the 97th Monarch of Ireland, respectively made expeditions to Britain and Gaul ; and
assisted the Picts and Britains in theii' wars with the flomans. Crimthann was married
to Baine, daughter of the King of Alba, and the mother of Feredach Fionn Feachtnach,
(the next name on this Stem). 0' Flaherty in the Ogygia, p. 181, says, " Xaira, the
daughter of Loich, the son of Dareletus of the northern Picts of Britain, was Crimthann'si
Queen, after whom, I suppose, he was caUed Kia-Nair.'" |

This Crimthann died at his fortress, called *' Dun-Crimthann " (at Bin Edar now;
the Hill of Howth), after his return from an expedition against the Romans in Britain,)
from which he brought to Ireland various spoils : amongst other things, a splendid war^
chariot, gilded and highly ornamented ; golden-hilted swords and shields, embossed^
■with silver ; a table studded with three hundred brilliant gems ; a pair of grey hounds,
coupled with a splendid silver chain estimated to be worth one hundred cumal (" cumal :"
Irish, a maid servant), or three hundred cows ; together with a great quantity of other
precious articles. In this Crimthann's reign the oppression of the Plebeians by the
Milesians came to a climax : during three years the oppressed Attacotti saved their
scanty earnings to prepare a sumptuous death-feast, which, after Crimthann's death,
was held at a place called " Magh Cro" (or the Field of Blood), supposed to be situated
near Lough Conn in the county of Mayo. To this feast they invited the provincial King.s,
nobility, and gentry of the Milesian race in Ireland, with a view to their extirpation ;
and, when the enjoyment was at its height, the Attacots treacherously murdered almost
all their unsuspecting victims.

They then set up a king of their own tribe, a stranger named Cairbre (the 101st
Monarch of Ireland), who was called " Cean-Cait " from the cat-headed shape of his
head : the only king of a stranger that ruled Ireland since the Milesians first arrived
there. — Connellan. \

.^HAP. IV.]



Moran,* the son of Maoin, a cele-
brated Brehon, or Chief Justice of
ihe Kingdom ; it is said that he was
ihe first who wore the wonderful
jollar called lodhain Morain ; this
oUar possessed a wonderful pro-
jerty : — if the judge who wore it
ttempted to pass a false Judgment
i would immediately contract, so
IS nearly to stop his breathing ; but
f he reversed such false sentence
he collar would at once enlarge
tself, and hang loose around his
leck. This collar was also caused
be worn by those who acted as
v^itnesses, so as to test the accuracy
f their evidence. This Monarch,
""eredach, died a natural death at
he regal city at Tara, A.D. 36.

77. Fiacha Fionn Olaf : his son;
7as the 104th Monarch; reigned
7 years, and was (a.d. 56) slain by
Ciliomh MacConrach, of the Kace
f Ir, who succeeded him on the
hrone. This Fiacha was married
Eithne, daughter of the King of
Uba ; whither, being near her con-
inement at the death of her hus-
»and, she went, and was there
delivered of a son, who was named

78. Tuathal Teachtmar :+ that

son ; was the 106th Monarch of
Ireland. When Tuathal came of
age, he got together his friends, and,
with what aid his grandfather the
king of Alba gave him, came into
Ireland and fought and overcame
his enemies in twenty-five battles in
Ulster, twenty-five in Leinster, as
many in Connaught, and thirty-
five in Munster. And having thus
restored the true royal blood and
heirs to their respective provincial
kingdoms, he thought fit to take,
as he accordingly did with their
consent, fron e^ch of the four divi-
sions or provinces of Munster,
Leinster, Connaught, and Ulster, a
considerable tract of ground which
was the next adjoining to Uisneach
(where Tuathal had a palace) : one
east, another west, a third south,
and a fourth on the north of it ;
and appointed all four (tracts of
ground so taken from the four pro-
vinces) under the name of Midhe or
" Meath" to belong for ever after to
the Monarch's own peculiar demesne
for the maintenance of his table ;
on each of which several portions
he built a royal palace for himself
and his heirs and successors ; for
every of which portions the Monarch

* Moran : See the Note *' Hebrew" in page 30.

t Fiacha Fionn Ola (or Fiacha of the White Oxen) : According to some annalists,
: was in this Monarch's reign that the Milesian nobility and gentry of Ireland were
reacherously murdered by the Attacotti, as already mentioned ; but, in the " Roll of
le Monarchs of Ireland" (see page 58), Cairbre, Cean-Cait, whom the Attacotti set up
s a king of their own tribe, is given as the 101st, while this Fiacha is there given as the
04th Monarch of Ireland : therefore Cairbre Cean-Cait reigned before, and not after
'iacha Fionn Ola.

X Tuathal Teachmar (or Tuathal the Legitimate) : It is worthy of remark that
'acitus, in his " Life of Agricola," states that one of the Irish princes, who was an
rile from his own country, waited on Agricola, who was then the Roman general in
Jritain, to solicit his support in the recovery of the kingdom of Ireland ; for that, with
'[e of the Roman legions and a few auxiliaries, Ireland could be subdued. This Irish
ice was probably Tuathal Teachtmar, who was about that time in Alba or (Cale-
ia). Tuathal afterwards became Monarch of Ireland, and the Four Masters place
ae first year of his reign at a.d. 76 ; and as Agricola with the Roman legions carried
a the war against the Caledonians about A.n. 16 to 78, the period coincides chronologi-
illy with the time Tuathal Teachtmar was in exile in North Britain ; and he might
^turally be expected to apply to the Romans for aid to recover his sovereignty as heir
) the Irish Monarchy. — Connellan.



[part III.

ordained a certain cliiefry or tribute
to be yearly paid to the provincial
Kings from whose provinces the
said portions were taken, which
may be seen at large in the Chro-
nicles. It was this Monarch that
imposed the great and insupport-
able fine (or "Eric") of 6,000 cows
or beeves, as many fat muttons, (as
many) hogs, 6,000 mantles, 6,000
ounces (or " Uinge") of silver, and
12,000 (others have it 6,000)
cauldrons or pots of brass, to be
paid every second year by the pro-
vince of Leinster to the Monarchs
of Ireland for ever, for the death of
his only two daughters Fithir and
Darina. (See Paper "Ancient Leins-
ter Tributes,"in the Appendix). This
tribute was punctually taken and
exacted, sometimes by fire and
sword, during the reigns of forty
Monarchs of Ireland upwards of six
hundred years, until at last remitted
by Finachta Fleadhach, the 153rd
Monarch of Ireland, and the 26th
Christian Monarch, at the request
and earnest sohcitation of St. Moling.
At the end of thirty years' reign,
the Monarch Tuathal was slain by
his successor Mai, A.D. 106. ^

I This Monarch erected a Royalj
I Palace at Tailtean ; around the
I grave of Queen Tailte he caused the
I Fairs to be resumed on La Lv^hnasa
(Lewy's Day), to which were brought
all of the youth of both sexes of a
suitable age to be married, at which
Fair the marriage articles were
agreed upon, and the ceremony per-

Tuathal married Baine, the dau.
of Sgaile Balbh, King of England.

79. Fedhlimidh (Felim) Racht-
mar rf his son ; was so called as
being a maker of excellent whole-
some laws, among which he estab-
lished with all firmness that of
" Retaliation ;" kept to it inviolably ;
and by that means preserved the
people in peace, quiet, plenty, and
security during his time. This
Felim was the 108th Monarch
reigned nine years ; and, after all
his pomp and greatness, died of
thirsty A.D. 119. He married
Ughna, dau. of the King of Den-

80. Conn Ceadcathach (or Conn
of the Hundred Battles*) ; his son ;
This Conn was so called from liunA
dreds of battles by him fought and

t Felim Fiachtmar : It is singular to remark hew the call to a life of virginity waa
felt and corresponded with first in this family in Ireland after it was Christianized. A»
St. Ite was descended from Fidcha, a son of this wise Monarch, so the illustrious 8t^
Bridget was (see p. 43) descended from Eocha, another son of Felim, and hrother oj
Conn of the Hundred Battles. St. Brigid was horn at Fochard (now Faughart), neai
Dundalk, about a.d. 453, where her parents happened to be staying at the time ; but
their usual place of residence was Kildare, where, a.d. 483, she established th«
famous Monastery of " Kildare," which signifies the Church of the Oak. — Miss Cusack,

St. Ite or Ide is often called the Brigid of Munster ; she was bom about a.d. 480t
and was the first who founded a convent in Munster, in a place called Clooncrail : the
name of which was afterwards changed to " Kill-Ide," now called Eilledy, a parish
the county Limerick. — Joyce.

* Conn of the Hundred Fights : This name in Irish is "Conn Cead-Cathach,"
designation given to that hero of antiquity, in a Poem by O'Gnive, the bard
O'Neill, which is quoted in the "Philosophical Survey of the South of Ireland,'" pag

"Conn of the Hundred Fights, sleep in thy grass-grown tomb, and upbraid n<
our defeats with thy victories."

To that ancient hero and warrior, Moore pays a graceful tribute of respect in tl
song — '• How oft has the Benshee cried," given in the Irish Melodies.

According to the popular belief, the " Benshee" or guardian spirit of the Houl
of Conn of the Hundred Fights, above mentioned, night after night, in the Castle i




won : viz., sixty battles against
Cahir M6r, King of Leinster and
the 109th Monarch of Ireland,
whom he slew and succeeded in the
Monarchy ; one hundred battles
against the Ulsterians ; and one
hundred more in Munster against
Owen Mor (or Mogha Nua-Dhad),
their King, who, notwithstanding,
forced the said Conn to an equal
division of the Kingdom with him.
He had two brothers — 1. Eochaidh
Fionn-Fohart, 2. Fiacha Suidhe,*
who, to make way for themselves,
murdered two of their brother's sons
named Conla Euadh and Crionna ;
but they were by the third son Art
Eanfhear banished, first into Lein-
ster, and then into Munster, where
they lived near Cashel. They were
seated at Deici Teamhrach (now the
barony of Desee in Meath), whence
they were expelled by the Monarch
Cormac Ulf hada, son of Art ; and,
after various wanderings, they went
to Munster where Oilioll Olum, who
was married to Sadhbh, daughter of
Conn of the Hundred Battles, gave
them a large district of the present
county of Waterford, a part of
which is still called Na-Deiseacha, or
the baronies of Desies. They were
also given the country comprised in

the present baronies of Clonmel,
Upper-Third, and Middle-Third, in
the CO. Tipperary, which they held
till the Anglo-Norman Invasion.
From Eochaidh Fionn-Fohart de-
cended O'Nowlan or Nolatl of
Fowerty (or Foharta), in Lease (or
Leix), and Saint Bridget ; and from
Fiacha Suidhe are O'Dolan, O'BricJc
of Dunbrick, and O'Faelan of Dun
Faelan, near Cashel. Conn of the
Hundred Battles had also three
daughters : 1. Sadhbh, who m. first,
MacNiadh, after whose death she
m. Oilioll Olum, King of Munster.
(See No. 84 on the "Line of
Heber ") ; 2. Maoin ; and 3. Sarah
(or Sarad), m. to Conan MacMogha
Laine. — (See No. 81 infra).

Conn reigned 35 years ; but was
at length barbarously slain by Tio-
braidhe Tireach, son of Mai, son of
Eochruidhe, King of Ulster. This
murder was committed in Tara, A.D.
157, when Conn chanced to be alone
and unattended by his guards ; the
assassins were fifty ruffians, dis-
guised as women, whom the King
of Ulster employed for the purpose.

81. Art Eanfhear, the 112th
Monarch of Ireland, in the second
century of our era, and the ancestor
of O'h-Airt, anglicised O'llart.

Dungannon, upbraided the famous Hugh O'Neill, for having accepted the Earldom of
Tir-Owen, conferred on him by Queen Elizabeth, a.d. 1587. " Hence," writes O'Cal-
laghan, " the Earl did afterwards assume the name of O'Neill, and therewith he was
so elevated that he would often boast, that he would rather be O'Neill of Ulster than
King of Spain." On his submission, however, a.d. 1603, his title and estates were con-
firmed to him by King James the First. — O'Callaghan.

It is worthy of remark, that, while Conn of the Hundred Battles lived in the
second century, we read in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, that this Pagan Monarch
"prophesied" the introduction of Christianity into Ireland !

* Fiacha Suidhe : This Fiacha Suidhe was the father of Fiacha Riadhe, the father
of Fothadh, the father of Duibhne, the father of Donn, the father of Diarmuid, usually
called Diarmuid Ua Duibhne (or Diarmuid, the grandson of Duibhne), who married
Grainn^, daughter of the Monarch Cormac MacArt (or Cormac Ulfhada), and had
issue by her: 1. Donchadh, 2. Eochaidh, 3. OUami, 4. Connla. This Diarmuid
O'Duibhne's mother was Corcraine, dau. of Slectaire, son of Curigh, the fourth son of
the Monarch Cathair Mdr (See No. 89 on the " O'Toole " pedigree). Diarmuid
O'Duibhne was the founder of the Clan Campbell, known in the Highlands of Scot-
land as ^(ttocA w« Z>iarmMJc? Ua Duibhne (or "descendants of Diarmid O'Duibhne").
That Clan Campbell are now known by the name Campbell ; they have abandoned
the old Irish sirname O'Duibhne or O'Duin,

860 AGX.



AGN. [part III.

Arms : Or, an eagle displ with two heads gu. surmounted by a lymphad sa. in the
dexter chief point a dexter hand couped gu. Crest : A raven sa. standing on a