this family, from this Dermod Reagh
O'Brenan, down to the Common-
wealth period, we are indebted to
State Records in Ormonde Castle,
1. Sir Geoffrey O'Brennan,
Knighted by King Richard 11. ; re-
ceived "Patent of English Liberty"
in 1392; d. 1436.
2. S i r Gilpatrick O'Brenan,
Knighted by the Earl of Ormonde,
in 1440; m. dau. of Art Mac-
Morough, Prince of Leinster; re-
ceived "Patent of Liberty."
3. Sir Art O'Brenan, Knighted by
Lord Ormonde (and is said to have
been created a " Baron"), in 1499 ;
m. dau. of Henry Dillon of Knock-
shinnagh ; d. 1509 ; called the
"Last Prince of Idough ;" had two
sons : — 1. Gilpatrick, 2. Teige.
4. Teige, Chief of his name : son
3f Sir Art ; living in 1520 at Castle-
3omer Castle ; called " The Good,"
3y the country people to this day.
5. Gilpatrick O'Brenan pardoned
3y Queen Ehzabcth ; d. 1566.
6. John O'Brenan, pardoned by
Jueen Elizabeth ; called " Son of
jrilpatrick, son of Teige ;" settled
it Rath Kyle Castle, near Castle-
iomer ; m. dau. of Honble. Callogh
ritzpatrick, and had issue.
7. Gilpatrick O'Brenan of Rath
iCyle Castle, the last recognized
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
)hief of his name ; Sheriff or
•^ustice of Fassadun in 1612, and
Isquire of Fassadun in 1615; m.
ilargaret (d. 1624), heiress and dau.
if Pierce Purcell, last Baron of
Jallyfoyle; d. 1628.
8. John O'Brenan of Rathkyle
/astle and Ballyfoyle Castle, county
Kilkenny ; son of Gilpatrick ; had a
irother Owen, of Ardra, who had a
on John Brenan, who was Arch-
•ishop of Cashel. This John (No.
') who is, in the State Records
ailed "John McGilpatrick O'Bre-
an," was a member of the Con-
federation of Kilkenny, and was
dispossessed of his estates by Oliver
Cromwell ; m. Mary, dau. of John
Grace, Baron of Courtstown ; d. in
poverty in 1654.
9. Gerald O'Brenan is styled
"Papist and Rebel;" lived in pov-
erty in Castlecomer.
10. John Brenan : son of Gerald ;
was an Officer in Hon. Colonel
Edmond Butler's Infantry Regiment
for James XL, and was killed at the
Battle of Aughrim in 1691. He
m. Elizabeth, dau. of Lt. Colonel
John Lalor of Tenekill, Mountrath,
Queen's County, and had three sons :
I. Gerald, who settled at Knock-
nadoge, Castlecomer, of whom
11. John, of Dublin, whose son
John Brenan was Dramatist
and Painter, and Author of
"The Painter's Breakfast."
IIL Patrick (d. 1768), who settled
in Kilkenny and had : — 1.
John, of St. Mary's parish, Kil-
kenny, " Gent.," who was fa-
ther of Rev. Thomas Brenan,
C.C, of St. Mary's, Kilkenny,
and living in 1790; 2. Rev.
James Brenan, P.P., of Castle-
town, who was b. 1734, and d.
II. Gerald: eldest son of John,
settled at Knocknadoge House,
Castlecomer; m. Margaret, dau. of
Nicholas Lalor, of Tenekill, and
had: — 1. John, who, in 1776, d.
unm., and in his father's lifetime ;
12. Nicholas Ruadh Brenan (d.
1799) : younger son of Gerald, of
Knocknadoge House ; m. Elizabeth,
dau. of James Cullinan, of Conahy
House, CO. Kilkenny, and had three
sons and two daughters :
I. Gerald, of whom presently.
II. John, who, s. p. " died for
Ireland, at the fight at Castle-
comer in 1798."
BRE. [part III.
III. Captain James Brenan, of
Knocknadoge House, an Officer
in the Kilkenny Yeomanr}^,
d. s. p. in 1805.
The two daughters were :
I. Mary, who ni. Denis Brenan of
Woodview House, Woodview,
CO. Kilkenny, and had issue.
II. Elinor, who m. John Lalor
of Dunmore Lodge, Dunmore,
CO. Kilkenny, and had issue.
13. Gerald (d. 1832), of Eden
Hall, Ballyraggett, co. Kilkenny;
m. Elinor, dau. and heiress of Pierce
Butler,lord of the Manor of Nichols-
town, Queen's County (confiscated
in 1554), and had two sons and one
I. John Gerald Maher Brenan, of
II. Pierce Maher Brenan, died
The daughter was :
I. Mary, who m. Richard Lalor,
J.P., of Cascade Place, Fresh-
ford, CO. Kilkenny, and had the
Hon. Richard Lalor, Senator
of the United States, America,
Poet and Orator, who d. 1835,
14. John Gerald Maher Brenan
(d. 1865), J.P., of Eden Hall, Bally-
raggett, and of Nicholstown Manor :
son of Gerald ; m. dau. of Henry
Loughnan, J. P. and B.A., of Crow-
hill Lodge, Freshford, and had two
sons and a daughter :
I. Gerald John Loughnan Brenan,
J.P., of whom presently,
II. Henry Austin Diarmid Lough-
nan Brenan (solicitor), of Sheea-
town, CO. Kilkenny, and St.
James's Terrace, Clonskeagh,
Dublin, who m. and has issue.
I. Mary (d. 1880), who m. Joseph
Maher Loughnan, late Lieu-
tenant in Royal Artillery, now
(1887) an Inspector of Irish
National Schools, and had
William Brenan Loughnan, b,
15. Gerald John Loughnan
Brenan, J.P., " The O'Brenan," o|
Eden Hall, and Nicholstown Manorf
son of John Gerald Maher Brenan;
living in 1887; b. 1840 ; m. Eleanor,
dau. and heiress of Richard Feehanj
of Carrick-on-Suir, and had :
I. John Gerald Feehan Brenan, of
II. Richard Henry Gilpatrick
Loughnan Brenan, b. 1872.
16. John Gerald Feehan Brenan
elder son of Gerald John ; b. 1869
and living in 1887.
1. Richard Brenan of
brenan, county Wexford.
BRENAN.* (No. 2.)
Arms : See those of " Brenan" (No. 1.
2. James : his second son.
3. Walter of Rosgarland, county
* Brenan : Of this family -were Doctor James Brenan, of the Society of Surgeons,
Ireland, who was born in 1685, and died in 1738 ; and who by his Will directed that his
body should be interred in the family burial place in the Parish of New St. Michan's,
in the suburbs of Dublin. He bequeathed his anatomical specimens to his brother, Peter
Brenan, "Chirurgeon," who was born on the 30th July, 1705 (old style), and died in
February, 1767. Said Peter Brenan bequeathed his surgical instruments, books, and
anatomical specimens to Michael Keogh, a member of the Society of Surgeons, Dubli
and one of the first members of the College.
CHAP. IV.] BRE. HEREMON GENEALOGIES.
; m. Margaret, dau. of James
Forlong of Hoartown, co. Wexford ;
d. 3rd March, 1638.
4. Marck Brenan : his son ; m.
Margaret, dau. of Francis Talbot
of Ballinamony, county Wexford ;
had one brother and two sisters:
the brother was — James; and the
sisters were — 1. Kathleen, married
to Walter Breen of Rosegarlande,
Arms : Az. two lions ramp, combatant supporting a garb or, in dexter base a
crescent ar., and in the sinister, the harp of Ireland.
CONALL Greaxta, brother of Fogartach who is No. 95 on the ^'Fogarty"
pedigree, was the ancestor of O'BHslain; anglicised BresUn, and Bnslane.
95. Conall Greanta (" greanta :"
Irish : neat, handij) : son of Xeal j a
96. Neal : his son.
97. Fergus : his son.
98. Cearnach : his son ; whose
brother Muredach was the ancestor
of S^iUane ; and other brother
OlioU, the ancestor of O'Braonan,
99. Muldroman : son of Cear-
100. Brislann ("bris:" Irish, to
break; Heb. " peras," to break ;
" lann," Irish, the blade of a sioord) :
his son ; a quo O'Brislaine.
FiACHA Casan, a brother of Rochadh, who is No. 86 on the " O'Hart"
pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Broduigh ; anglicised Brody and Brodie.
86. Fiacha Casan: son of Colla
87. Fedhlim : his son.
88. Eochaidh : his son.
89. Gill : his son.
90. Amhalgadh : his son.
91. Feareadhach Culdubh
92. Maolodhar Caoch, also called
brodach ("brodach :" Irish, p'oiid) :
his son ; a quo O'Broduigh.
93. Sionnach : his son.
Dubh-da-lethe : his son.
Areachtach : his son.
Caomhan: his son.
Flannagan : his son.
Ceallach : his son.
Eochaidh : his son.
Maolmuire : his son.
Amhalgadh : his son.
Maoliosa : his son.
Aodh : his son.
Ceallach O'Broduigh :
CAI. [part III.
Arms : Sa. three bezants. Crest : A roundle az.
CuMASCACH, another brother of Fogartach, who is No. 95 on the " Fogarty"
pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Braoin ; in this case anglicised Burny
Burne, Bourns, and Burns.
95. Cumascach : son of Neal ;
had a brother named Conall
96. Fogartach : son of Cumas-
97. Cairbre : his son ; whose
younger brother Fogartach was the
ancestor of MacGilcunmj.
98. Flahertach : son of Cairbre.
99. Cormac : his son.
100. Maolmordha (" mordha :'
Irish, proud : his son ; a quo O'Maol
mordha, anglicised Mordie.
101. Braon ("braon :" Irish,
drop) : his son ; a quo O'BroMn.
Arms : Gyronny of six ar. and vert, as many fleurs-de-lis counter changed. Crest :
A lion's paw holding a scimitar ppr.
AODH (or Hugh) a brother of Columhan, who is No. 94 on the " O'Shaugh-
nessy" pedigree, w^as the ancestor of MacCathail ; anglicised Cahill.
94. Aodh : son of Cobhthach.
95. Bee : his son.
96. Comuscach : his son.
97. Conchobhar : his son.
98. Thorp (" torp :" Irish, hulJc) :
his son ; a quo O'Thorpa, anglicised
Thorp, Thorpe, Torpy, and Tarpy.
99. Cinaoth : his son.
100. Bracan: his son.
101. Ogan: his son.
102. Cathal ("cathal:" Irish,
valour ; Heb. cail, a man's name) ;
his son ; a quo MacCathail.
* Arms ; Sa. a phoenix ar. Ci'est : A demi antelope per fesse az. and ar. collared
and armed or.
Thomas, a younger brother of Richard, who is No. 123 on the " O'Cahan'*
pedigree, was the ancestor of this family.
123. Thomas O'Cahan: son of throw of that Monarch in Ireland,
Richard ; embraced the cause of at the battle of the Boyne, sought
Xing James II., and, on the over- retirement in the county Leitrim.
::;hap. iv.] cai.
124. Simon O'Cahan : his only
child, born 1717, died 1790. Joined
the standard of the " Young Pre-
tender," in 1745; returned to Ire-
land, m. and had five
and four sons :
I. Thomas, of whom presently.
II. Dominic, had three sons and
one daughter :
1. John ; 2. James ; 3. Myles—
the three of whom died in the
flower of their age and without
issue : Myles the last survivor of
Lhem d. at New York in 1872.
III. Myles ; IV. John— both of
^hom died in early manhood.
I. Mary; II. Bessie; III. Sabina;
IV. Bridgid ; V. Honora.
125. Thomas O'Cahan: eldest son
of Simon; b. 1766; d. 1844; and
buried in Cloone, county Leitrim
Took an active part in the Irish
Insurrection* of 1798, and was
present at the Battle of Ballina-
muck, where he led a troop of
irregular horse. He was known as^
the Insurgent Leader "Captain
Rock," of the county Leitrim, in
the latter part of the past, and
early years of the present century :
and in that county is still affection-
ately remembered, and his memory
revered as the " Old Captain."
Insurrection : To sustain the Irish Insurrection of 1798, French troops then
anded iu Ireland ; and when a detachment of them had reached Cloone, on their way
;o the county Longford, the officer in charge was invited by a Mr. West, who lived
here at that time, to share his hospitality. This hospitality the officer thankfully
ccepted ; and, for greater security, caused the French Magazine, as advised by Mr.
'Vest (himself a Protestant gentleman), to be deposited in the Protestant church-yard
f that place. Mr. West had a servant-man named Keegan, whom West induced to
teal the chains of the Magazine, which Keegan did that night ; so that the chains
)eing gone, the French next morning, after having tried and broken every species of
ope obtainable in the place, in their efforts to remove their guns, were reluctantly
ompelled to empty most of the contents of their Magazine into the Lough in the
eighbourhood ; and were thus rendered absolutely powerless to meet the British
roops. That robbery precipitated the Battle of Balliuamuck ; for, there was no
utention on the part of the insurgents to engage in that vicinity : their object was to
ush on to Granard, where a fine body of men were awaiting the French contingent
nd the bold peasantry of Connaught who accompanied them.
This Thomas O'Cahan (or " Tom" O'Cahan, as he was generally called) had a-
riend named Terence Mac(3rlawin, who at that Battle acted as his lieutenant, and who
a the early part of the action was shot dead at the " Old Captain's" side, by a ball
a the head. He had the body removed to the rear, but was at the time unable to
arry it off. After the action. Captain Crofton of Lurragoe (a brother of Duke
'rofton of Mohill Castle), who was going over the field, recognized the body of
lacGlawin, had the ball probed for, and bought his coat from one of the human
ultures who ever hang on the rear of death and destruction. The coat and ball the
ind-hearted Captain Crofton gave to the unhappy mother of MacGlawin ; and, two
ays after the Battle, gave Tom O'Cahan a " Pass," which enabled him with safety to
isit the Battlefield of Ballinamuck. In presence of his royalist enemies this bold
• rebel," was thus enabled to remove therefrom for interment in the family gra,ve the
ody of his frieud-in-arms — Lieutenant Terry MacGlawin. It was a noble idea of
his Thomas O'Cahan to have back his friend's body in death ; when the other " rebel'*
nfortunates who fell at that Battle were buried in ditches and all manner of holes.
Another incident of the Battle of Balliuamuck relates to a private soldier of the
<ongford Militia, named Magee. As the French saw there was no chance of success,
ley surrendered. When about doing so, this Magee rushed to one of their guns. It
'as loaded and ready, he applied the light, and sent the ball with unerring aim against
ad into a Magazine belonging to one of the English regiments. The Magazine ex-
loded, and made death, havoc, and wide gaps in the British ranks adjacent. More
'11 by that one shot of Magee's than by the hand or act of any other man on that day.
he British troops made for him and the gun ; but the noble fellow scorned to fly :
3 fought to the last, and fell gun and baj'onet iu hand, with his face to the front !
ie also the Note under the " O'Dowd" pedigree.
CAL. [part III-
126. Simon-Henry O'Cahan, of
Manchester, England, a manufac-
turer, and trading as "Henry Caine
and Co.:" his son; born 1805;
and living in 1881. Was the first
of his branch of the family that
omitted the prefix 0\ and wrote
the name Cahan. He afterwards
in 1850, assumed the name Caine.
Surviving issue two sons and two
I. Thomas, of whom presently.
II. James-Henry, formerly of the'
SrdEegiment "The Buffs;" living
I. Helena. II. Mary.
127. Thomas Caine, of Manches-
ter, formerly of the 3rd Eegiment,
" The Buffs :" son of Simon-Henry ;
born 1845, and living in 1881.
Arms : Gu. an anchor between three
Motto : Yirtus ad lethera tendit.
martlets or. Crest : A palm tree ppr.
Fisachtacb. (fonn-sneachf a : Irish, " fair as snow,") who is No. ICO on'
the "O'Hart" pedigree, had three sons — 1. Art, 2. Conmaol, and 3.
Fogharthach: this Fogharthach, was the ancestor of 0' Cairn* ("earn:"'
Irish, a heap; Arab. "" kern," a little hill), anglicised Cairn, MacCairn ^
Cairnes, Cairns, Kearin, -Kearins, Kearns, Kerans, Kerin, Kieran, etc.
From the said Fogharthach are also descended the Ulster families of
Carolan, Donnellan, and Flanao^an.
1. Dermod O'Kerin
first of the family who
2. Donal : his eldest son.
3. Donoch : his son.
4. Murtogh : his son.
5. Teige : his son.
6. Hubert : his son.
7. Teige (2) : his son ; died in
163-1; was buried at Ennish (now
" Ennis"), in the county Clare.
8. Hubert O'Kerin : his son :
had five brothers — 1. Flann, 2.
Tirlogh, 3. John, 4. Murtogh, and
5. Logblin ; liWng in 1657.
Arms : Or, on a bend gu. three martlets ar. Crest : A demi griffin ramp. gu.
AONGUS, brother of Suibhneach, who is No. 92 on the " Colman" (ofjl
Meath) pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Cathalain ; anglicised Callan.
* 0' Cairn : This sirname has been incorrectly written O'Ciarain (" eiar :"' Irish, a
darli-grey colour ; " an," one tvho).
t Callan : Of this family was the Very Rev. Nicholas Callan, D.D., Pvofessor of
Natural Philosophy in Maycooth College, who was born at Dromiskin, in the county
Louth, in 1799. He entered college in 1817, and remained there till his death, a
period of forty-seven years. Much of his leisure was devoted to the translation iuto i
English of works of piety, particularly those of St. Liguori, He died at Maynooth in( •
HAP IV.] CAI.
92. Aongus (or -^neas) : son of
93. Maolumha : his son.
94. Fablden : his son.
95. Muiltuile : his son.
96. Congai : his son.
97. Fallain ; his son.
98. Fiachra : his son.
99. -^neas : his son.
100. Broghad (" broghad :" Irish,
opulent) : his son.
101. Cathalan (" cathal :" Irish,
a quo O'Cathalain^ in
^AHERNACH, brother of Ficheallach, who is No. 99 on the
jedigree, was the ancestor of O'Canamhain ; anglicised Canavan.
99. Cahernach : son of Conbhach.
100. Flaitheimhan (" flaith :" Irish,
'. chief; ''eimh," active; "an," one
<ho) : his son ; a quo O'Flaitheimhain,
.nglicised l^leming, and modernized
101. Cormac : his son.
102. Maolmordha : his son.
103. Canamhanf (" can :" Irish,
sing ; Heb.
kine ; Arab. '
gan-a, a n
gan-i," to sing ; Lat.
''can-o;" Hind. " gan-i," ^o chant;
and " amhan :" Irish, a river) : his
son ; a quo O'Canamhain.
104. Aodh: his son.
105. Murtach: his son.
106. Aodh (2) : his son.
107. Moriach : his son.
108. Teige : his son.
109. John : his son.
110. Fercobhra O'Canavan: his
CANON. (No. 1.)
Arms : Ar. on a chev. engr. betw. three crosses patted sa. as many martlets of
LODH (or Hugh) Munderg, son of Flaith ertach (latinized " Flathertius"),
he 159th Monarch, and brother of Moroch, who is No. 97 on the
Mulroy" pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Canadhnain ; anglicised
Icmanan, and modernized Canon^ Gannon^ and Canning. %
* Callan : See the " Carlton" pedigree which is also derived from an O'Cathalain
t Canamhan : This word is compounded of the Irish caji. " to sing," and amJiariy
'a river" (Lat. amn-is; Welsh, avon; Corn, avan ; and Arm. aun).
% Canning : It is believed that George Canning, father of the great George
banning, was of this family. Of him Webb says in his Compendium of Irish
CAR. [part III,
97. Hugh Munderg.
98. Donal : his son.
99. Canadhnan ('^ can," "
adh :" Irish, to utter, to sing ; "an
one who) : his son ; a quo O'Can-
CANON. (No. 2.)
According to MacFirbis.
Arms : Same as " Canon" (No. 1).
AoDH (or Hugh) Munderg, son of Flaitheartach the 159th Monarch, and
brother of Moroch, who is No. 97 on the " Mulroy" pedigree, was the
ancestor of O'Canannain; anglicised Cananan, Canon, Gannon, and Canning.
97. Hugh Munderg : his son.
98. Donall Cleiric : his son.
99. Longseach : his son.
100. Flaithbeartach : his son.
101. Canannan ("canadh:" Irish,
to sing; "an," one who): his son;
a quo O'Canunnain.
102. Maolfabhil : his son.
103. Cuileann : his son.
104. Longseach : his son.
105. Flaithbeartach : his son.
106. Ptuadhri : his son.
107. Donall : his son.
108. Donoch : his son.
CAEBERY. (No. 1.)
Anns : Ar. a lion ramp. gu. between three erm. spots. Crest : A hand couped at
the wrist and erect, grasping a sword all ppr.
This simame is derived from Cairbre Cluitheachar, who is No. 87 on the
" Dwyer" (of Leinster) pedigree, the stock from which this and the Lee
family are descended. Faobrach, a brother of Ogan, who is No. 96 on
the " Lee" pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Cairhre (" cairbre :" Irish, the
chief of the chariot) ; anglicised C artery.
96. Faobrach : son of Mai.
97. Gosda : his son.
98. Machair : his son.
99. Ere : his son.
100. Eiran : his son.
101. Saighir : his son.
Biography : Canning, George, an author, an Irishman, appears to have taken his degree
of B.A. at the University of Dublin in 1754. His father, a gentleman of property in
the north of Ireland, disinherited him for marrying, in 1768, Miss Costello, a dower-
less beauty. George Canning was the author of some poems, and of a translation of
Anti- Lucretius. He died in the Temple, London, 11th April, 1771, one year after the
birth of his son, the great George Canning."
€HAP. IV.] CAR.
102. Fionan : his son.
103. Coman : his son.
104. Cronmhal : his son.
105. Flaithbeartach : his son.
106. Urthuile : his son.
CARBERY. (No. 2.)
Arms : Az. a lion ramp, or, betw. three pheons ar.
Cairbre C corb :" Irish, a chariot ; " righ," a king), brother of Cumascach
who is No. 100 on the " Colgan" pedigree, was the ancestor of this Glann
Cairhre ; anglicised MacCarbery.
100. Cairbre: son of Florence; a
quo Clann Cairbre, of Offaley.
101. ^neas: his son.
[102. Donall: his son.
103. Gorman: his son.
104. Cairbre (2) : his son.
105. Cathal MacCarbery ; his son.
CARBERY. (No. 3.)
Arms : Same as those of " Corrigan."
Cairbre, brother of Coraidhegan, who is No. 102 on the "Corrigan"
pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Cairbre (of Orgiall) ; anglicised Carbery,
CARBERY. (No. 4.)
Cairbre, brother of Maoldun, who is No. 99 on the "O'Madden" (of
Ulster) pedigree, was the ancestor of Clann Cairbre (or Carbery) of Ulster.
99. Cairbre : son of Dungall ; a
quo this Cla'nn Cairbre.
100. Cumascach : his son.
101. Eachdach : his son.
102. Artrigh : his son.
103. Eachagan: his son.
104. Muredach : his son.
105. Maoliosa : his son.
106. Patrick O'Carbery : his
had a brother named Randal.
CAR. [part III.
Garbhan, brother of Cormac, who is No. 91 on the '' OTlanagan" (of!
Tuatha Eatha) pedigree, was the ancestor of O'Cathalain; anglicised
Cahalan, Carlton,-^ Carleton^ and Charleton.
91. Garbhan: son of Tuathal
92. Aodh (or Hugh) : his son.
93. Suibhneach : his son.
94. Maoldun : his son.
95. Fergus Caoch : his son.
96. Conall : his son.
97. Cathal : his son.
98. Connach : his son.
99. Eathamhuil : his son.
100. Dunach : his son.
101. Cathalan ("cathal:" Irish,
valour), meaning " little Charles :"
his son ; a quo O'CatJialain.l
102. Dundeadhach : his son.
103. Eighnechan: his son.
lOlr. Mulanach :§ his son.
105. Ciardach : his son.
* Carlton : This name has been modernized Gartlan, which, in its turn has
become Garland and Gartland.
t Carleton : Of this family was the late William Carleton, an author distinguished
for his just delineation of the character of the Irish peasantry. He was born on Shrove
Tuesday, 1798, at Prillisk, near Clogher. county Tyrone. He was the youngest of
fourteen children. His father, who was a small farmer, was a man of considerable
intelligence, endowed with a surprising memory ; his mother used to sing the old Irish
songs with wonderful sweetness and j)athos. "From the one," writes Webb, "he
gleaned his inexhaustible store of legendary lore ; from the other, tbat sympathy and
innemess, which have thrown a magic spell round the creations of his brilliant and
fruitful fancy." Carleton attended a hedge school, travelled as " a poor scholar," and
fed his literary taste by reading all the books he could lay hands on. He was destined
for the Catholic priesthood; but was prevented from entering it by his father's death,
and by some conscientious difficulties that led, we are told, to his joining the late
Established Church. He gained some classical knowledge at the school of Dr.
Keenan, a parish priest in the diocese of Down ; and became tutor in a farmer's family
in Louth. A perusal of Gil Bias roused within him a desire of seeing more of the
■world ; and throwing up his situation, he found himself in Dublin with only a few
pence in his pocket. Without any definite plan, he sought everywhere for employ-
ment, even that of a bird-stuffer, of whose art he was obliged to confess complete
ignorance. Driven to extremities, he contemplated enlisting, and addressed a Latin
letter to the Colonel of a Eegiment, who dissuaded him from his intention, and gave
him assistance. Chance threw him in the way of the Rev. Caesar Otway, who,