John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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n of Cairbre an Daimh Airgid ;
A.D. 566. Had many sons. From

i!arach his eighth son are de-
mded Devers, Divers, Divijer,
ehan, O'Leathain (" leathan :"
'sh, broad), anglicised Lahin,
hane, Lane, and Broad; Larlcin,

Malone^ Orr, etc. ; and Cumuscach,
who was King of Uriel.

93. Tuathal Maolgharbh : son of
Daimhin. Had two brothers — 1.
Lochlann, ancestor of O'Davin; 2.
Clochar, from whom the present
town of Clogher, in the county of
Tyrone, takes its name. This
Clochar (" clochar ;" Irish, a college),
was, himself, so called because of
the college which he founded in that
ancient town.

94. Tuatan : son of Tuathal Maol-
gharbh. Had two sons — 1. Maol-
duin ; 2. Baodan : from this Baodan
the following families descended —
Coscry, CusJcer, MacCusker, and
Cosgrave, Conan, Coonan, AlacCoonan;
Boijlan, Cahil, Carhery, Corriga^y
Donnelly, Gavan, etc.

95. Maolduin : son of Tuatan.

96. Tuathal : his son.

97. Ceallach : his son ; a quo Clan
Kelly, in the county Fermanagh,
and from whom descended Kelly, of
Ulster. Had five sons, from the
fourth of whom, Murtagh, the fol-
lowing families descended — Don-
gan, Donnegan, Dunegan, Keenan,
Morgan, Murrin, Bogan, etc.

98. Colga : son of Ceallach ; a quo
Colgan, of Ulster.

99. Donall : his son ; a quo

untain called Slieve Donard, in Ulster ; and the other, according to Colgan, A. SS.
je 743, on the very summit of the mountain itself, far from all human habitation.
8 ruins of this little church existed down to a recent period on Slieve Donard, which
68 its name from St. Donart ; and the name of the mountain stands as a perpetual
norial of the saint, who is stUl held in extraordinary veneration by the people among
Moume mountains. — Joyce.

* Daimhin : From this Damhin " Davinish Island," in Lough Erne, near Ennis-
en, in the county of Fermanagh, takes its name ; and St. Damhin, a descendant of
t prince of Fermanagh, was the founder of the Abbey of Devinish, which is situated
Devinish Island. In Irish it was called " Damhin-Inis," contracted to *' Damhinis,'*
. anglicised "Devinish," which means Damhinis (or Devin's) Island. Devinish
Jid was incorrectly anglicised the " Island of the Ox," on account of the Irish word
'' imh" [dov], an ox, being, in sound, so like the word " daimh" [dav], a learned man :
h ce the observation by Colgan, in reference to the name of that island, namely —
" lod Latine sonat Bo vis Insula." Some of the abbots of Devinish were also styled
^* ops, until, in the twelfth century, it was annexed to the see of Clogher. \

The Clan " Damhin" were long represented by the Davina or Devins, and so late/
* be fourteenth century, by the family of Diver or Dwyer, as lords of Fermanagh^
I Maguires, also of the same stock, next became princes of Fermanagh, which, aft^
tl 1 was called " Maguire's Country." — Four Masters, j

672 o'ha.


o'ha. [part L

MacDomhnaill, of Clan Kelly. (See
No. 102, infra).

100. Fionnachtach : his son. Had
three sons — 1. Art; 2. Congall ; 3.
Foghartach, from whom descended
Cairn, Cairns, Flanagan, Donnellan,
Kearns, etc.,— all of Ulster.

101. Art : the son of Fionnach-
tach ; a quo, according to MacFirbis,
Oli-Airt (see No. 81, sup-a) ; but a
quo only MacArt, according to
O'Ferrall's Linea Antiqua.

102. Donall : the son of Art ; had
a brother Lochlann, who was the
ancestor of MacDomhnaill, of Clan
Kelly, anglicised MacDonnell, Mac-
Daniel, Daniel, and O'Donnell, of
Fermanagh. (See No. 99 supra.)

103. Felim O'Hart : son of Donall ;
the first of the family who assumed
this sirname. From the second
century down to this period (the
eleventh century), when sirnames
were first introduced into Ireland,
this family was known as Cin Airt,
and Muintir Airt : signifying, re-
spectively, the kindred and peop/e
of Art, who is No. 81 on this pedi-

104. Maolruanaidh [Mulrooney] :
son of Felim; some of whose de-
scendants were called CMaoilruan-
aidh (anglicised Mulrooney, Rooney,
Rowney), and were lords of Ferma-

105. Tomhas (or Thomas) : his

106. Shane : his son ; living A.D.

1172 ; was the last prince of Tar.
At that period took place the En;
lish invasion of Ireland ; when, as tl
name of Melaghlin, King of Meatl
was not amongst the few signature
sent to Rome (Chartis subsignati
oraditis, ad Romam transmissii
notifying Pope Adrian IV. of th€
assent to his transfer of their i
spective sovereignties to Kit
Henry II., of England, that Mo:
arch, by virtue of Adrian's Grant
Ireland to England, dispossesse
Melaghlin of his Kingdom, and
his nobles of their patrimonies
and conferred on Hugh De Lac
the Kingdom of Meath :

No more to chiefs and ladies bright

The harp of Tara swells ;
The chord alone that breaks at night

Its tale of ruin tells.
Thus Freedom now so seldom wakes,

The only throb she gives
Is when some heart indignant breaks,

To show that still she Kves.

— Mooi

It was then that, deprived of I
patrimony"^ in that Kingdom, 1
King Henry II., this Shane fii
settled in Connaught, in the baroi
of Carbury (county Sligo), whi
then belonged to the Principali
of Tirconnell, and which O'Malo
(or O'Mulroy), the then Prince
Tirconnell, granted to the sa
Shane, as an inheritance for hi


* Patrimony : In the " Topography" of O'Dugan (who died, a.d. 1372),
O'Harts, as Princes of Tara, rank next to Murcha, Heath's last King ; and, accord]
to Connellan's "Four Masters," the Princes of Tara were also styled "Princes
Magh Breagh ;" Magh Breagh (latinized Bregia) signifying the "Magnificent Plaai
that vast plain extending between the rivers Liffey and the Eoyne, from the cit^
Dublin to the town of Drogheda, thence to KeUs in the county Meath, and contaim
the districts about Tara, Trim, Navan, Athboy, Dunboyne, Maynooth, Clane, Celbnd
Lucan, Leixlip, and all that part of the county Dublin north of the river Liney. J
" Magnificent Plain" here mentioned contains about half a million of acres ot the fin
land in Ireland; and, up to the English invasion, formed a portion of " O Ha
(Country," in the Kingdom of Meath. The other portion of the family patrimony
that Kingdom was in Teabhtha (latinized Teffia), now known as the county Westme*
where some of the family remained.

lAP. IV.] O'HA.


o'ha. 673

If and his people. Some of
lane's descendants afterwards
iquired landed property in the
irony of Leyney, etc., in the co.
[igo, which they held down to the
jriod of the Cromwellian Settle-
ent of Ireland. (See Part IX. c.
. ; and sect. 12 of the paper No.
Ir, in the Appendix.) Thus dis-
)ssessed, by King Henry 11. , of
leir territories in Bregia (or East
[eath) the O'Hart family settled
-some of them in Leinster, some
, Ulster, some in England, some
. Scotland, some in France, some
. Germany; and this the senior
'anch of the family, settled, as
)ove stated, in that part of Con-
lught, now known as the county
igo. At the time of the English
ivasion of Ireland, the town of
ells, in the Principality of Tara,
as called Ceanannas (" ceann :"
ish, ahead; " ceannas :" authority,
wer) ; where, according to Dr.
Brien, " a national council of the
3rgy of Ireland was held about
e year 1152, in which Cardinal
■ipyron gave the first Pallia to the
lY Archbishops of Armagh, Cashel,
iblin, and Tuam."

107. Art : son of Shane ; chief of
his name.

108. Conchobhar : his son ; chief
of his name.

109. Tirloch : his son ; chief of his

110. Giollachriosd : his son; chief
of his name.

111. Brian: his son; chief of his

112. Teige : his son ; chief of his

113. Amhailgadh [awly] : his son ;
chief of his name.

114. Teige: his son: chief of his

115. Melaghlin (or Malachi) : his
son ; chief of his name.

116. Giollachriosd Caoch : his son ;
chief of his name; who, according
to the " Betham Collection," in the
office of Ulster King-of-Arms,
had five sons — 1. Aodh (or
Hugh)* M6r ; 2. Brian ; 3. Teige ;
4. William ; 5. Rory. By MacFirbis
only three of those sons are men-
tioned, namely — 1. Aodh Mor, who
built the Castle of "mBotuinn;"
2. Brian, who built the Castle of
Ardtarmon ;| 3. Teige Brughaid
Coilte asius an Botuinn, who built

* Hugh : According to the "Betham Collection," this Hugh's Brother, Brian, was

father of Donal, who was the father of Teige Ruadh [roe], the father of another

nal Glas ; Teige was the father of Teige Caoch, who was the father of Connor, the

her of Hugh ; William was the father of Connor, who was the father of Brian ; and

ry was the father of Neale, living in 1635.

t Ardtarmon : As showing the social status of this family in the county Sligo,
ore the unhappy advent of Cromwell to Ireland, one of them, Pheolyme [Phelim]
iart, of Ardtarmon, ranks next to the O'Connor Sligo, amongst the Signatories (in
15) of the Indenture between Sir John Perrott and the Chieftains of Sligo, temp.
3en Elizabeth. According to O'Flaherty's West Connaught, by Hardiman, p. 341 , the
owing persons were the parties to that Indenture; — "Right Honorable Sir John
Tott, Knight, Lord Deputy-General of Ireland for and on the behaulfe of the
3en's most excellent Majesty, of the one partye ; and the reverend fathers in God
m Bishop of Elphine — Owyn Bishop of Aconry — Owine electe Bishop of Killalae —

Donyll O'Connor of Sligo, Knight — Pheolyme O'Hart of Ardtarmon otherwise
■ed O'Hart, chief of his name— Owen O'Connor of the Grawndge, gen.— Edmond
)owey (O'Dowda) of Killglasse, otherwise called O'Dowey, chief of bis name —
bert Albanaghe of Rathly, gen.— Breen McSwyne of Ardneglasse, gen.— Davy

wdy of Castle-Connor, gen Cormocke O'Harey, (O'Hara of Cowlany, otherwise

led O'Harey buy, chief of his name — Ferrall O'Harry of Ballinefennock otherwise


€74 o'ha.


o'ha. [part n

the Castle of Grainsioch Tuaidh
(or North Grange). These were the
latest built castles of the family;
for, in Magherow (commonly called
" O'Hart's Country"), at Ardtarmon
(more properly '' Art-tarmon :" Art
being the name a quo the sirname
O'Hart, and tarmon being the Irish
for " sanctuary" or '• protection,"
and sometimes meaning " church
lands"), and at BallinfuU, near
Lisadill,* the beautiful seat of Sir
Henry-William-Gore Booth, Bart.,
are to be seen the remains of the
O'Hart older castles in the county
Sligo. But it was in the beginning
of the 17th century, that Aodh Mor
O'Hart built, in the Tudor style, on
the shore of Lough Gill, the Castle
of mBotuin (corruptly anglicised
"Newtown"), in the parish of Drom-
leas, barony of Dromoheare (now
" Dromahair"t), and co. of Leitrim ;
that his brother Brian O'Hart built
in the same Tudor style the castle
at Ardtarmon ; and that the younger
brother Teige built the castle at
North Grange. The remains of
these once splendid castles at Ard-
tarmon and Newtown are in toler-
able preservation ; but it may here

be remarked that the stone whicl
was embedded in the front wal
immediately over the entrance t
the Newtown Castle has myster
ously been removed therefrom. O:
that stone perhaps were engrave*
the name and Arms of the perso;
who built it, and the date of it
erection: if so, it would help
explain zc/iy the said stone has bee:
removed therefrom, and is said t
have been buried in Mr. Wynne
garden, at Hazelwood, Sligo, an
thence to Lisadill by the Gor
Booth family, who were in th
female line the lineal descendants
the Captain Eobert Parke, wh{
according to the Civil Survey, wa
the recognized owner of Newtow
in 1641, and who, it is conjecture
by McParlan, was a probable (1
founder of that castle. But wh
the said stone was removed froi
its place over the Newtown Cast]
entrance, or by whose orders it wa
taken away, remains a mystery !

Our curiosity being thus arouse
on the subject, on the occasion c
our visit to the locality in Angus
1886, we wrote to Mr. Roger Parb
J. P., of Dunally, Sligo, the preseii

called O'Harry reoglie, chief of his name — Breene O'HaiTy of Tulwy, gen.— Owa
O'Harey of Cowlany, gen. — Ferrdorraghe McDonoghe of Cowleae, otherwise calll
McDonoughe Tyrreryll, chief of his name — Mellaghlyne McDonoghe of BalIyndowfl|

gen. Meiaghlyne McDonogh of Cowlwony, gen. — Morryshe McDonoghe of Cloil

mahyne, gen.— Gene McHughe of Bryckleawe, gen.— John Croftone of Ballymote,g8(

George Goodman of Taghtample, gen.— Manus Reoghe of Eathmollyne, gen.— MmiI

McTeig bwy of Lysconnbwe, gen Alexander McSwine of Loughtnevynaghe, gen^

Urryell Garry of Moye, otherwise called G'Garry, chief of his name— Rory O'Garryt

Kearowercoghe, gen and Manus M. Byrne Reogh of Levally, gen — of the otb


* Lisadill : The Gore-Booth mansion at Lisadill was, we were informed, bui
principally with the stones taken from the BallinfuU and Ardtarmon old castles.

t Dromahair : Standing at the ruins of O'Rourke's Castle at Drumahair, and lookii
towards the town of Sligo, Lough Gill, with its charmingly wooded islands, presents •
the eye of the spectator that enchanting view which inspired the immortal Mooi
when, in his Song of O'Muarc, Prince of Brefni, he well describes it as—

l" The valley lay smiling before me."

A.P. IV.] o'ha. heremon genealogies. o'ha. 675

Lrteous and respected owner of I information respecting that stone,
wtown Castle, requesting some j etc. Mr. Parke replied as follows : *

"Dunally, Sligo,

** 15th November, 1S86.
** Siemmata quid faciunt.*
' John 0' Hart, Esq.

"Sir, — Yours of the 7th November, '86, to hand. In reference to Newtown
re are two castles there, as also a chapel in the which, as per tombstone therein, are
osited the remains of Robert and Maggy, children of Captain Robert Parke, and it
;ated at 1677. McParlan says either Durroch O'Rorke or the Parke family were

founders. Perhaps O'Rorke built the older one, which is on a kind of peninusla in

lake (Lough Gill), and Robert Parke the other one. I have no MSS. or work
ring on these Castles' histories, but a small pamphlet published by Hardiman in
Uany's R.C. Magazine, being the diary of Sir Frederick Hamilton, of date 1642.

'* Though a namesake and collaterly related to said Robert Parke, I am not his lineal
cendant ; the Gore Booths are. I purchased Newtown Castle and the townland
ed Culmore, otherwise Kelmore, otherwise Newtown, in 1871, Culmore, probably

proper name (the big way), as the formation of the lake on which the Newtown
itest stand would indicate.

*' There is some mystery as to the removed stone that was over the newer Castle
e : some say it went to Hazel wood and was (buried) in the girden there ; others
kon it was thence removed to Lisadill. I enquired from the deceased, Riff'ht Hon.
in Wynne, whether he knew anything about it, but he told me he had never°heard of
h a stone. My deceased old Newtown herd, Francis Cunningham, said he heard there
J on it "609" (probably "1609"), at which period I would infer said castle was
It, from its Tudor architecture. As to the claim of the O'Harts buildiuo- said castle
ever heard of it till you mentioned it, but possibly you may be right. ""They built'
slieve, a castle near Lisadill, and people say they were once owners of this place'
aally and its castle, the latter now no longer in being. It is certain, however from

Annals of the Four Masters, that Kaffer O'Donnell owned Dunally Castle at one
e, I believe in the reign of Henry the Seventh. I found in the Quit Rent Office in
olin, that in 1636 Roger Parke (from whom I am descended) owned half the castle of
lally. He and our family were probably connected with the Cavalier party, and

whole family probably followers of the great Earl of Strafford, to whose represen
ive I now pay a Chiefry for the lands of Dunally. . . .

"lam well aware the O'Hart family were once a very powerful Clan here and

name much disseminated through the county. Of course it is only a conjecture of

e, as I am not well up in Irish, MacFirbis might have meant MoteenX (a little

it), which would correspond with the older castle, which is nearly surrounded by
, er in Lough Gill. Newtown (in Irish " Ballynew") would correspond with the kind
I ettlement Parke made there VVithout wishing to offend you I repeat

- -\ '' Stemmata quid faciunt ;^^ and most particularly in these democratic times.

" Yours faithfully,

"RoGKR Parke.*

Faciunt : In its entirety the passage, which is taken from Jcjvenal, runs thus :

Stemmata quid faciunt, quid prodest, Pontice longo sanguine censeri.

Translated : Of what avail are pedigrees, or to derive one's blood from a long train
>fty ancestors ?

t Estates : Of the nineteen forfeited townlands returned in the Civil Survey as
ng been in Captain Robert Parke's possession in 1641, there is no Culmore men-
ed ; but No. 6 of those townlands was named Shragkmore, or "the big strand,"
3h is adjacent to the castle of mSotuin, or Newtown. Strange to say tUat, while
341 Captain Parke is in the Civil Survey described as of "Newtown," Donoch
art held that castle against the Cromwellian forces until June, 1652. — See No. 120,
I ; on this genealogy.

I t Moteen : The name of the castle which Aodh M6r O'Hart in the beginniuf^ of
|l7th century built on the shore of Lough Gill, near Dromahair, was called" ;to«

676 o'HA.


o'ha. [part D

117. Aodh (or Hugh) Mor: eldest
son of Giollachriosd ; had two sons
— 1. Aodh Oge, and 2. WilHam.
This William was the father of Ir,
who was father of Brian, the father
of Giolladubh, the father of Eory,
the father of Giolladubh and Con-
nor, who where living in the latter
part of the 18th century.

118. Aodh Oge: the son of Aodh
Mor; living in 1616.

119. Felim : his son; had two
sons — 1. Donoch Gruama, 2. John.
This John (who is mentioned by
MacFirbis, but not in the Linea
Antiqua), was the father of William
Granna, whose family were called
*' Muintir-Brughaid-coilte." In this
(Felim's) time some of the family
estates in the barony of Carbery, co.
Sligo, were held by Brian O'Hairt
and Owen O'Hairtt, and some more
of the family estates in the barony of
" Leny," same county, were held by

Katherine Hairtt — all " Papi
Proprietors," whose estates* wei
confiscated under the Cromwellia
Settlement. This Felim O'Hart wa
as a Catholic Proprietor, dispossessc
of his estates by the Earl of Straffor
th e Viceroy of Ireland, ^e??i^. Ch arles
The only inheritance that remainc
to him (Felim) was his poor bi
proud birthright as " Hereditai
Prince of Tara;" but, so intense ;
that time was the hatred whi<
political and religious difi'erene
had created between the Englii
and the Irish peoples, and so gre
the antipathy then existing in En
land towards everything Irish, it
not to be wondered at that I
"birth-right" did not serve hie
for, unhappily, those were
times in Ireland.

120. Donoch Gruamaf (" gruama
Irish, sullen, morose), of Newto'*
Castle, J above mentioned : son

" Moteen," which means " a little moat," but mBotuin, which, as the name impli
means " The Castle of the Prey of Cattle" {botuin or botain : Irish, " a prey of cattle
and which has, as above mentioned, been corruptly anglicised " Newtown," althon
there has been in that locality no such place as Ballyneiv, which would be the Irish
" Newtown."

* Estates : In his description of Connaught, a.d. 1614, Sir Oliver St. John sta
that " The O'Dowds, the MacDonoghs, the O'Hares, and the O'Harts retained \
residue of the county Sligo, besides that which O'Connor Sligo held." For furtl
information in connection with the Harts and O'Harts of the county Sligo, i
OFlaherty's "West Conuaught," by Hardiman ; Prendergast's " Cromwellian Sett
ment ;" and Archdeacon O'Rorke's " Bally sadare and Kilvarnet, county Sligo."

t Gruama : In the Betham Genealogical Collections, the epithet applied to t
Donoch is incorrectly written granna. But the epithet which is properly applied
him in other State Kecords is gruama, which in his case is a very significant one ; 1
he naturally became sullen in manner, when he found that his patrimonial esta
were unjustly and hopelessly confiscated. Crushed by the Cromwellian Settlement
Ireland, this Donoch had not left him, of his own, whereon to lay his head.

t Neii'town Castle : The following Extract is taken from p. 332, Part "VI.
Gilbert's History of Affairs in Ireland, respecting Donoch O'Hart, of Newtown Casi
on the shore of Lough Gill :

DoNOGH O'Hart.

"Articles of Agreement made and concluded by and between Donogh O'H;
of the one parte, and Major Robert Ormesby, on the other parte, in behalf e of
Charles Coote, Knight and Baronett, Lord President of Connaght, for and concern
the surrender of the Castle or Holt of Newtowne, in the barony of Drumaheare (j
county of Leitrim), unto the said Lord President or whome hee shall apoynt for
Parliament of the Commonwealth of England, June 3d., 1652 :

1. "The said Donnogh O'Hart doth conclude and agree to deliver up the £
Bolt of Newtowne with ail the armes, ammunicion and necessaries of warr not n«


O'HA. 67T

helim O'Hart; was dispossessed
nder the Cromwellian Settlement
f Ireland, on the 3rd June, 1652.
("p to that date, the said Donoch
•as the possessor of the Castle of
[ewtown, in the parish of Drom-
jas, barony of Dromaheare, and
Dunty of Leitrim ; while the Civil
urvey and in the Book of Survey

and Distribution for the County of
Leitrim, the name of Capt. Parke*
is entered as the Proprietor of said
Newtown, in 1641. Among the
Troopersf who claimed as Soldiers
under the Act of Settlement, ap-
pears the name "Parke;" and, ac-
cording to the Genealogical MSS.
in the Library of Trinity College,

ter excepted, unto the said Lord President or whome hee shall apoynt, at or by
reive of the clocke to-morrow without prejudice or embezilment. In consideracion
hereof the said Major Ormesby doth conclude and agree that the said Donnogh
'Hart and those souldiers in that Holt shall have quarters for their lives, and shall
ive liberty to march away with their bagg and baggage, without impeachment,
;cept arms and ammunition."

2. "The said Donnogh O'Hart (if hee desire the same) shall have a protection
aunted to him and his men, to live in the State's Quarters, with his and their
milies, as to other protected persons.

3. " That the said Donnogh O'Hart shall have the full benefitt of the little corne
lat hee and those souldiers in pay in the said Holt sowed themselves, without rent,
I contribucion for this yeare, and a howse assured them to keep their corne in, safe
Dm any under the Parliament's comand.

4. " The said Donnogh O'Hart (if hee submit to protection) shall haue for this
iare the grazeing of twenty cowes free from contribucion.

5. " The said Donnogh O'Hart is to haue the small boat and cotts which hee hath
! Newtowne Lough without any impeachement. Lastly : the said Donnogh O'Hart
to haue six musquiteers and six pikes allowed him and his men out of their armes,
bich they are to deliver up, with his owne sword (in case hee submitt to protection),
r his necessary defence against Tories, which hee is to give security shall not bee
Qployed against the State."

It may be here mentioned that the " Tories" of that period, who were more lately
lown as llapparees, were bands of men, who, headed by some of the dispossessed
tntlemen, retired to the wilds and mountains, and incessantly attacked tlie Cromwellian
anters. The Calvagh O'Hart, who, as one of those Tories, joined the celebrated
apparee Eedmond O'Hanlon, is believed to have been a son of the aforesaid Donoch
ruama O'Hart.

* ParJce : The letters "C.S." prefixed to Captain Parke's name, in the Book of
irvey and Distribution, indicate that the said entry was taken from the Civil
trvey, or that the said Parke was a Cromwellian Soldier ; but, in either case the
itry is misleading, for the Cromwellian soldiers were not disbanded, at soonest,
jfore September, 1653, and up to that time they certainly had received no grants of
md in Ireland. Among the names of those who (see the Paper in the Appendix of
ir Irish Landed Gentry , headed "Soldiers of the Commonwealth, in Ireland") claimed
Soldiers, or in right of Soldiers, who served in Ireland in the Commonwealth period,
that of Captain Parke, who is there entered as claiming *' in right of pre-emption;"
it it is not mentioned from whom he "purchased" the townlands above stated to
ive been in his possession in 1641. Before the Books of Distribution were compiled
a 1666), Captain Parke could have purchased from the Cromwellian soldiers the

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