John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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" God never permits himself to be outdone in generosity."

Jeremiah Murphy married Mary O'Hallinan, and had issue :

I. James, of Eingmahon, Cork, born in 1769.

II. John, who was Catholic Bishop of Cork, b. 1772.

III. Jeremiah, of Hyde Park, Cork, b. 1779.

IV. Daniel, of Belleville, Cork, b. 1780.

V. Nicholas, of Clifton, Cork, b. 1783.

And Mary- Anne, who married Mr. John Murphy, of the Fermoy Sept,
and was the mother of the late Jeremiah-John Murphy, Master in Chan-
cery; and of Michael Murphy, late Official Assignee to the Court of
Bankruptcy, Dublin.

There are numerous descendants of the above named children of Jeremiah
Murphy resident in the county and city of Cork ; in other parts of Great
Britain and Ireland; in the United States of America; in Canada ; Australia,
etc. ; and in the Church, Army, and Navy.

There are no descendants of Daniel, the elder brother of Jeremiah
Murphy, that can be traced in Ireland, at present ; but a grandson and
two granddaughters of his are (1887) still living in the Colony of Victoria,

This ancient Irish family would be perfectly within their rights in, at
any time, re-assuming their original patronymic "MacMorough-Murphy;"
for it is their birthright.

iAP IV.] o'mu. heremon genealogies.

o'mlt. 703

O'MUEPHY. (No. 6.)

Of Muscnj, County Cork,
Arms : See those of " MacMorough," ante.

HE following are some of the different Septs of this family in Muscry, in


1. Murphy Dubh (''dubh:" Irish,
irk featured) reside at Deshure,

2. Murphy Bog (" bog :" Irish,
ft), at Canovee.

3. MurphyStuac (" stuac :" Irish,
immit, top, declivity of a hill), at
"ilmichael and Kilmurry.

4. Murphy Bin (" ban :" Irish,
kite, fair), at Currabeh and Pulle-
ck, in Kilmurry.

5. Murphy Leib (" ledhb:" Irish,
piece of untanned leather, a frag-
ent), in and about Cork City.

6. Murphy Buidhe ("buidhe:"
•ish, yellow), at TemplemartiD,
^oneens, Kilbarry, Dunbollog, and

7. Murphy Eeamhar or Eoghm-
ir (" reamhar :" Irish, fat, bulky,
lalthy), at Inchirahill, Moviddy,
implemartin, and Tasmania (the

In the " O'Murphy" (No. 4) pedigree we see that Dermod Muimneach
Moroghoe was the first of the family that, in the 13th century, settled
Munster. He and his people settled in Muscry, where they obtained
rious grants of land from the MacCarthys and O'Mahonys. We learn
at there were some thirty-five families of them, all sprung from the original
linster Sept, who can trace their descent from Felim (or Felimidh), son
Enna Cean Salach, King of Leinster, temp. St. Patrick, in Ireland.

The original location in the county Cork, of the family, was, and is still,
med "Bally-Murphy," a to wnland north of Innishannon, near Upton.
5fore A.D. 1641, the senior branch of the family lived there, and was
Jtinguished by the name Buidhe, which they still bear. At that time they
'•re deprived of their possessions ; and the eldest living member of the
inily, who was then about 14 years of age, removed to the north of Cork,
1 )k service under the Blarney MacCarthys, and assisted in the defence of
- mbolg Castle, near Carrignavar.

Most Eev.D. Murphy, D.D., Catholic
Bishop of Tasmania, is of this

^ 8. Murphy Derbh ("deirbh:"
Irish, a churn), at Cork, Kilmurry,
Corrach, and Murragh.

9. Murphy Geire ("geire :" Irish,
sharp, sharpness, bitterness), at Mount
Music, Kilmichael, Currabeh, Lis-

10. Murphy Caol ("caol:" Irish,
slender), in the parish of Kilbonane,
and at Kilcrea.

11. Murphy Pound, at Ahabullog.

12. Murphy Cr6n (" cron :" Irish,
here means brown, svxtrthy), living at

13. Murphy Taranige, of Mur-

14. Murphy Purtinee, Fuide, Cul-
lanee, etc., variously located.

704 o'mu.


o'mu. [part

O'MUEPHY. (No. 7.)
O'Murphj Buidhe, County CorL

1. John Murphy, of Ballmurphy :
son of Philip ; removed at the age of
14 years to Dunbolg, assisted in the
defence of that castle against the
English ; married there and had
issue :

2. Philip (2) : his son.

3. Philip (3) : his son.

4. Philip (4) : his son.

5. John (2) : his son ; had three

I. Martin, of whom see the
" O'Murphy" (No. 8) pedigree.

II. Patrick, of whom presently.

III. Denis.

6. Patrick : second son of John.

7. John (3) : his son ; had three

I. Rev. William Murphy, Parish
Priest of Murragh, Temple-
martin, and Kinneigh, co. Cork,


who died at Mountpleasant
1862, and was buried at
Catholic Church of Temp

II. John, of whom see '' O'Mi
phy" (No. 9).

III. Patrick, of whom present!

8. Patrick : son of John (No. 7
m. a Miss Carney and had issue :

I. Rev. William, of whom pi

II. Another son, d. s. p.

III. Mary, living unm. at K
brittain, in 1887.

IV. Margaret, d. young.

V. Hannah, m. Timothy Murp]
Reamhar. (See No. 7 on t
" O'Murphy," No. 10 pedigre.

9. Rev. William Murphy : son
Patrick; Parish Priest of Kilbr
tain : livino: in 1887.

O'MURPHY. (No. 8.)
O^MurpJiy Buidhe — continued.

6. Martin Murphy : eldest son
of John, who is No. 5 on the
"O'Murphy" (No. 7) pedigree;
remained at Dunbolg ; m. there and
had issue.

7. Michael : his son.

8. Martin (2) : his son.

9. James : his son ; living
Ballynabortagh, Dunbolg, in 188
m. and has had issue.

10. Martin Murphy: his son j
Deacon in Maynooth College,


o'mu. 705

O'MURPHY. (No. 9.)
0^ Murphy Buidhe — continued.

8. John Murphy : second son of
"ohn, who is No. 7 on the O'Mur-
»hy" (No. 7) pedigree ; removed to
^inalmeaky, and there married
illizabeth, dau. of Timothy Murray,
f Kilbarry (Kinalmeaky), by his
riie Ellen O'Farrell, and had issue :

I. Rev. John Murphy, CO., who
died at Kilbrittain, 30th Nov.,
1874, and was buried at the
Templemartin Catholic Church.

II. William, who died 1881 ; m.
but left no issue.

III. Timothy, of whom presently.

IV. Patrick, emigrated to America,
m. and has issue.

V. Ellen, living unm. at Kilbarry,
in 1887.

VI. Martin, d. an infant.

VII. Martin (2), living in Lon-
don, m. and has issue.

VIII. Bartholomew, m. by the
Eev. J. Cummins, P.P., in the
Catholic Church of Temple-
martin, to Ellen, dau. of the late
Patrick O'Casey of Bally volane,
by his wife Mary O'Driscoll
(Dooleen), on the 18th June,

1881 ; living at Moss Grove
Cottage, near Bandon, and has
issue : — 1. John, b. 5th April,
1882; 2. William, born 15th
November, 1883; 3. Patrick,
born 6th Feb., 1885; and 4.
Timothy, b. 15th Feb., 1886.

IX. Eliza, who m. in 1886, Teige
(or Timothy) O'Long of Ballina-
dee, near Bandon, has issue a
dau. Mary, in 1887.

X. Daniel, m. in America to Mary,
dau. of Daniel O'Donovan, by
his wife Mary O'Crowley ;
living in 1887 at 237 Com-
mercial Street, Dorchester,
Boston, Mass., U.S.A., and has
a daughter Elizabeth.

9. Timothy Murphy (Buidhe) :
son of John ; m. by the Rev. Father
Lucy to Hannah, dau. of John
O'Donovan of Barryroe, by his wife
Ellen Cunningham ; has issue :

L WilHam, b. 28th Dec, 1882.

II. John, b. 22nd June, 1886.

This Timothy represents this
branch of the family in Kinalmeaky,
in 1887.

O'MURPHY. (No. 10.)

0' Murphy Eeamhar, of Muscry and Kinalmeahy,

'he chief seat of this branch of the " O'Murphy" family in the county
ork, was Rereamhar (pronounced " rerour"), a townland in the parish of
albonane, and barony of Muscry.

1. Michael, living at Rerour (or
I Rereamhar), circa 1632.
I 2. Conn Reamhar : his son ; living
|; Rerour in 1656 ; had two sons :
; I. Michael.

II. John, of whom see " O'Mur-
phy" (No. 11) pedigree.

3. Michael : son of Conn Ream-

4. Conn : his son ; left Rerour


706 o'mu.


o'mu. [part n

and settled in the parish of Mur-
ragh, in Carbery.

5. Michael, of Farranalough : son
of Conn ; m. Mary O'Mahony and
had issue by her :

I. Conn, of whom presently.

II. Denis, who m. a Miss Cooney,
and had: — 1. Michael, who
d. s. p.; 2. Mary (living in 1887),
who m. Patrick Cahill of Far-
nanes, county Cork, and has
had issue ; 3. Ellen, who be-
came a Sister of Mercy in
Kinsale ; and other children
who d. young.

III. Daniel, who m., and had :

1. Michael who m. twice : first,
to Mary AVall (see the " Wall"
pedigree), and by her had —
Mary, Kate, and Daniel ; mar.,
secondly, to Mary Kegan, and
by her also had issue : — Wil-
liam, who emigrated ; Mary, m.
in Kinsale, and had issue.

IV. Michael of Insirahill (Crooks-
town), who m. Mary Mac-
Swiney of Clodagh, and by her
had : 1. Michael, who d. s. p.

2. Conn, twice mar. — first to
Miss Ahern, by whom he had :
Michael, who went with his
parents to America; Denis,
Daniel, and Mary, who d. s. p.
in Ireland ; Anne, Kate, and
Ellen, who also went to America.
This Conn, married, secondly,
in America, and by his second
wife had: Denis, Daniel, James,
Peter, and Bridget. 3. Denis,
the third son of Michael (IV),
of Insirahill, was Parish Priest
in Kinsale. i. Daniel, who is
now (1887) Lord Bishop of
Tasmania; he first became a
Priest on the Indian Mission ;
was, in 1846, consecrated
Bishop of Hydrabad ; and in
1866 translated from that See
to Tasmania. 5. Mary, who m.
Robert Beechinor of Clonakilty,

and has had : Daniel, who is
Parish Priest in Tasmania
Michael, who is also a P.P. i
Tasmania; Denis, and Jeremia
who (in 1887) are farmers a
Killeh, near Midleton; Mar^
who was a Nun, died in Sa
Francisco ; Ellen (in religio:
"Sister Francis Xavier"), a Nu
in Tasmania, living in 1887
Anne, d. s. p. ; Margaret, wh
m. John MacSwiney, C.E
county Mayo, and has issue
Margaret - Mary, Mary - Eller
Honoria (a Nun, deceased), an
Kate. 6. Anne (in religior
" Sister Mary Joseph"), a Nu
in the Presentation Conveni
Bandon, which she entered i
1838, living in 1887. 7. Elle:
(in religion "Sister Mar
Xavier"), a Nun, dead.

V. Anne: the fifth child c
Michael (No. 5) ; married a Mi
Donegan of Carrigaline, nea
Cork, and has had issue.

VI. Ellen, married a Mr. Murph;
(Caol) of Kilcrea, and has hai

VII. Mary, who m. Thomas Wai
of Gurranamuddach (see th
" Wall" pedigree^, and ha<

6. Conn : second son of Michael
married twice : 1st, to Miss O'Crow
ley, by whom he had :

I. Michael, who d. s. p.

II. Mary, who married Jeremial
MacCarthy of InshirahiU, anc
had : — 1. Jeremiah, who emi
grated ; 2. Margaret, living ii
1887; 3. William, who m. ;
Miss Lordan, and has issue.

This Conn m., secondly, Anm
O'Daly, and by her had :
III: Denis, of whom presently.

IV. Daniel, who d. a student ii
Maynooth College.

V. Conn, a Parish Priest in BalKn


o'mu. 707

7. Denis : son of Conn (No. 6) ;
named a Miss O'Healy, and has had
— 1. Conn, 2. Anne, 3. Ellen.

8. Conn : son of Denis ; living at
Inshirahill, unm. in 1887.

O'MURPHY. (No. 11.)

O'Muiyhj Reamhar, of Muscry — continued.

3. John : second son of Conn,
^ho is No. 2 on the " O'Murphy"
No. 10) pedigree ; m. and had : —

4. Denis, of Rerour : his son ; had
nany children who settled in
'arious parts of the county Cork.

5. Timothy: his eldest son ; settled
t Thoames, near Macroom; mar.
"oanna Murphy (Stuac), and had :

I. Denis, who d. s. p.

II. John, of whom presently.

\ III. Timothy, who m. Margaret
I Kenealy, and had : 1. Timothy,
who emigrated; 2. Ee v. Edward,
C.C., Kinsale, dead ; 3. Joanna,
who m. Richard Bourke, of
Coachford ; 4. and 5. Mary and
Ellen, who both emigrated to
Australia; 6. Jane, who m.
Michael Murphy, of Annahalla;
7. and 8. Hannah, and Lizzie
reside in the Victoria Hotel,

6. John : second son of Timothy ;
, Margaret Hallihiu, and had :

I. Denis, who married Catherine

Kenealy of Mishanaglas, and

d. s.p.
XL Joanna, who m. John Foley,

of Maulnadrough, Murragh,

and has had: 1. Patrick: 2.

John J., of Macroom, a solicitor;

3. Margaret, died ; 4. Julia, 5.

Mary- Anne, 6. Ellen, 7. Hanora.

III. Timothy, of whom presently.

IV. Jeremiah, who m. Mary,

O'Downey, of East Thoames,
and d. s. p.

V. Margaret, who m. William
Murphy (Ban) of Currabeh,
Kilmurry, and has issue : 1.
WiUiam, 2. Hanora, 3. John,
and 4. Margaret.

VI. Ellen, who married Jeremiah
Murphy of Finnis (Brinny), and
has issue : 1. Timothy, 2. Mar-
garet, 3. Ellen, 4. Hanora, 5.
Mary, 6. John.

VII. Mary, who married Patrick
Buckley of Capeen, and has

7. Timothy : son of John ; m.
Hannah (d. 9th Jan., 1880), dau. of
Patrick Murphy (Buidhe) of Dun-
bolog, by his wife, who was a Miss
Carney, and has issue :

I. John-Patrick, of whom pre-

II. Margaret-Cenevive.

III. Maryanne-Symphorosa.

IV. Patrick- John, b. 12th Nov.,

V. Elena-Dymphna.

VI. Hannah-Theresa.

This Timothy removed from
Thoames to Curravordy, in 1863.

8. John-Patrick Murphy (Ream-
har) : eldest son of Timothy : born
8th May, 1864 ; of the St. Fin bar's
seminary, Cork, and residing at 3
Great Greorge's-street, in that City,
in 1887.

70S o'na.



o'ne. [part in*:


Of Lislea, County Roscommon.
Arms : Same as those of "Naghten."

Murtogh Buoy O'Naughten had :
2. Donogh, who had :

3. Rory Duffe, who had :

4. Dermod Eeagh of Lislea, co.
Boscommon, who d. 1st Jan., 1637*
He m. Uuah, dau. and co-heir of

MacHugh Buoy O'Kelly, and had :

I. Murtogh, of whom presently.

II. Dermod,

5. Murtogh O'Xaughten : son of
Dermod Reagh ; m. Katherine,dau.
of Donal O'Brien, of Westmeath.

O'XEILL.* (Xo. 1.)

Monarchs of Ireland, Kings of Ulster, and Princes of Tyrone,

Arms ; Ar. a sinister red band couped at the wrist affirontee gu.

FiACHA Srabhteine,! third son of Cairbre-Lifeachar, the 117th Monarch
of Ireland (see p. 667) who is Xo. 83 on the " O'Hart" pedigree, was
ancestor of this branch of that family.

84. Fiacha Srabhteine, King of
Conacht, and the 120th Monarch of
Ireland : son of Cairbre-Liffechar :

married Aoife, dau. of the King of
Gall Gaodhal. This Fiacha, after
37 years' reign, was, in the battle

*O^NeiU: There were four distinct families of Hy-Niall or O'i^^eiZ?, in Ireland;
namely — 1. O'Neill, of Ulster; 2. O'Xeill, of the county Clare, from whom the
Creaghs of Munster are descended ; 3. O'Neill, in the barony of Shillelagh, in the
county Wicklow, which (see Annals of the Four Masters, at a.d. 1088) is sometimes
called Farron CNeale ; 4. O'Neill, of the Ui Eoghabi Finn tribe, in Northern Deisi,
in the present county Tipperary.

t liacha Srabldeine : The three CoUas being very valiant, warlike, and ambitioiu
princes, combined against their uncle King Fiacha, and aspired to the Monarchy ; they
collected powerful forces, and being joined by seven catha (or legions) of the Firbolg
tribe of Connaught, they fought a.d. 322, a fierce battle against the army of thej
Monarch Fiacha, at Criogh Rois, south of Tailtean, in Bregia, in which the royal
army was defeated, and many thousands on both sides, together with King Fiacha
himself, were slain. This was called the battle of Dubhcomar, from " Dubhcomar,"
the chief Diuid of King Fiacha, who was slain there ; and the place where the battU
was fought was near Teltown, between Kells and Navan, near the river Blackwater in
Meath. After gaining the battle, Colla Uais became Monarch and regined nearly foui
years ; when he was deposed by Fiacha's son, Muiredach Tireach, who then, a.d. 326,
became Monarch of Ireland. The three Collas and their principal chiefs, to the numbei
of three hundred, were expelled from Ireland (hence the name "Colla :" Irish, pfo-
hibition ; Or. '' koluo,'^ I hinder), and forced to take refuge among their relatives ir
Alba ; but, through the friendly influence of their grandfather, the king of Alba, and
the mediation of the Druids, they were afterwards pardoned by their cousin, then the
Irish Monarch, who cordially invited them to return to Ireland.— CoNXELLAy.



0*NE. 709

of Dubhcomar, A.D. 322, slain by his
nephews, the Three CoUas, to make
room for Colla Uais, who seized on,
and kept, the Monarchy for four
years. From those three Collas the
^' Clan Colla" were so called.

85. Muireadach Tireach : son of
Fiacha Srabhteine ; m. Muirion,dau.
of Fiachadh, King of Ulster ; and
having, in A.D. 326, fought and de-
feated Colla Uais, and banished him
and his two brothers into Scotland,
regained his father's Throne, which
he kept as the 122nd Monarch for
30 years.

86. Eochaidh Muigh-Meadhoin*
[Moyvone] : his son; was the 124th
Monarch ; and in the 8th year of his
reign died a natural death at Tara,
A.D. 365 ; leaving issue four sons,
viz., by his first wife Mong Fionn :
—I. Brian 3 11. Fiachra ; III. Olioll ;
IV. Fergus. And, by his second
wife, Carthan Cais Dubh (or Car-
inna), daughter of the Celtic King of
Britain, — V. Niall Mor, commonly
called *' Niall of the Nine Hostages."
Mong Fionn was dau. of Fiodhach,
and sister of Crimthann, King of
Munster, of the Heberian Sept,
and successor of Eochaidh in the
Monarchy. This Crimthann was

* Muigh-Meadhoin ; From the Irish

poisoned by his sister Mong-Fionn,
in hopes that Brian, her eldest son
by Eochaidh, would succeed in the
Monarchy. To avoid suspicion she
herself drank of the same poisoned
cup which she presented to her
brother ; but, notwithstanding that
she lost her life by so doing, yet her
expectations were not realised, for
the said Brian and her other three
sons by the said Eochaidh were laid
aside (whether out of horror of the
mother's inhumanity in poisoning
her brother, or otherwise, is not
known), and the youngest son of
Eochaidh, by Carthan Cais Dubh,
was preferred to the Monarchy. L
Brian, from him were descended the
Kings, nobility and gentry of
Conacht — Tirloch Mor O'Connor,
the 121st, and Eoderic O'Connor,
the 183rd Monarch of Ireland. II.
Fiachra's descendants gave their
name to Tir-Fiachra (" Tireragh"),
CO. Sligo, and possessed also parts
of CO. Mayo. III. OKoll's descen-
dants settled in Sligo — in Tir Oliolla
(or Tirerill). This Fiachra had five
sons : — 1. Fare Cuilbhuide ; 2.
Breasal ; 3. Conaire ; 4. Feredach
(or Dathi) ; and 5. Amhalgaidh.
87. Niall Morf : his son ; a quo

a plain; and "Meadhoin," a

t Niall Mor : This Niall of the Niae Hostages was, as above mentioned, son of
Carinna, daughter of the king of Britain ; and his son Eoghan {og-an ; Irish, a young
man) or Owen, was also married to another princess of Britain, named Indorba ; a
proof of the intimacy which existed in the fourth and fifth centuries between Britain
and Ireland. From a.d. 378 to 405— the period of the " Decline and Fall" of Druidism
in Ireland — Niall of the " Nine Hostages" was Monarch ; and he was so called in
reference to the principal hostile powers overcome by him and compelled to render
90 many pledges of their submission. He was chiefly renowned for his transmarine
expeditions against the Roman empire in Britain, as well as in Gaul. In one of those
expeditions Niall M6r, a.d. 388, carried home from Gaul some youths as captives ;
amongst whom was Succat (meaning "brave in the battle"), then sixteen years of
age, with his sisters Dererea and Lupida. That Succat afterwards, as St. Patrick
("Patrick:" from the Irish Fadraic ; Latin, pater; Ital., padre, a father,— here
meant in a religious sense), became the Apostle of Ireland. (See St. Patrick's pedi-
gree, p. 43.) And when, many years later, that illustrious liberated captive, entering,
in a maturity of manhood and experience, upon his holy mission, was summoned
before the supreme assembly at Tara, to show why he presumed to interfere with the

710 o'ne.


O'NE. [part III,

the "Hy-Niair* of Ulster, Meath,
and Conacht. He Tvas twice mar-
ried: — his first Queen was Inne,
the dau. of Luighdheach, who was
the relict of Fiachadh ; his second
Queen was Eoigneach, by whom he
had Nos. L, II., III., lY., Y., YL,
and YIL, as given below. This
Niall M6r succeeded his Uncle
Crimthann; and was the 126th
Monarch of Ireland, He was a
stout, wise, and warlike prince, and
fortunate in all his conquests and
achievements, and therefore called
" Great." He was also called Niall
Naoi-GMallach or " Niall of the Nine
Hostages," from the royal hostages
taken from nine several countries by
him subdued and made tributary :
viz., — 1. Munster, 2. Leinster, 3.

Conacht, 4. Ulster, 5. Britain, 6.
the Picts, 7. the Dalriads, 8. the
Saxons, and 9. the Morini — a people
of France, towards Calais and Pic-
cardy ; whence he marched with his
victorious army of Irish, Scots, Picts,
and Britons, further into France, in
order to aid the Celtic natives in
expelling the Eoman Eagles, and
thus to conquer that portion of the
Roman Empire ; and, encamping on
the river Leor (now called Lianne),
was, as he sat by the river side, trea- 1
cherously assassinated by Eocha, son i
of Enna Cinsalach, king of Leinster, \
in revenge of a former "wrong" by
him received from the said Niall.f
The spot on the Leor {not "Loire")
where thisMonarch was murdered is
still called the " Ford of Mali;' near

old religion of the country, by endeavouring to introduce a new creed, it was Laegtaire
[Leary], the son of his former captor Niall, who presided as sovereign there. —

Happy captivity, which led to Ireland's Christianity !

^ * Hy-Niall : A branch of the Hy-Niall (or Ui-Niall) settled in Gaul, at an early
period, and are mentioned by Caesar, as the Unelli, which is the latinized form of
Ui-Neill, but here meaning descendants of this Niall Mor, the 126th Monarch of
Ireland. Caesar also mentions the Eberdovkes or Eherdocii^ meaning descendants of
Eber^ or Beber, the eldest son of Milesius, of Spain.

Some of the Unelli of France settled in England before the English invasion of
Ireland, and assumed the following names; O'Ni'el, Ney lie, Nihil, Noel, Nevell, Newell,
Nevil, Nevill, Nevylle, etc. One of the family. Sir Geoffrey Neylle, was, a.d. 1205,
a subscribing witness to the Charter of Waterford. In 1408, Thomas Neoylle Vaa
made Dean of Ferns ; and, in 1480, Dr. Lawrence Neoylle was made bishop of Ferns,
by Pope Sixtus IV. David Nevell, Baron of Nevill, was attainted in the reign of King
Henry YIIL, and suffered the loss of extensive landed property in the county Wex-
ford. See the "Needham" pedigree for another Neville family, but which was of the
Ithian race.

t JSlall : The cause of the difference between the Monarch Niall, and Eocha,
Prince of Leinster, arose out of two distinct causes : — On the death of Niall's uncle,
Crimthann, this Eocha, being ambitious, attempted to take possession of the Royal
Palace at Tara, by sleeping there nwe nights in succession, so as to qualify himself for
the IMonarchy of Ireland. For doing this he was severely censured by the Arch-Druid,
as no person who had not the order of Knighthood dare sleep in the Pvoyal Palace.
Then Eocha withdrew from Tara, and in shame and vexation, relinquished his pre-
tensions to the Crown.

On Eocha's journey from Tara to his own province, he arrived at the house of
Laidhgon, the son of Bairceadha, the Arch-Druid ; whilst staying there he took offence
from some expressions made use of to him, and, in a rage, he slew the Druid's son.
Immediately, Niall v as applied to for justice; he then invaded Leinster, and, after
some skirmishing, to avoid bloodshed, the people delivered up the murdering prince
into the Mcnaich's hands. The Druid chained Eocha to a rock where criminals were
wont to be executed ; but when he saw the executioners coming to despatch him, he,
by a nearly superhuman effoit, wrenched asunder the chain, and effected his escape to
Scotland. Cn aniving in Scotland, Eccha recj^uested and obtained the protection of

HAP. IV.] o'NE.


o'NE. 711

3oulogne-sur-mer. It was in the
linth year of his reign that St.
Patrick was first brought into Ireland ,
it the age of 16 years, among two
hundred children brought by the
[rish Army out of Little Brittany
called also Armorica), in France,
^iall Mor was the first that gave
ihe name of Scotia Minor to " Scot-
and," and ordained it to be ever
ifter so called ; until then it went
)y the name of " Alba."

Kiall had twelve sons : — I. Eoghan ;
[I. Laeghaire (or Leary), the 128th
Monarch, in the 4th year of whose
•eign St. Patrick, the second time,
jame into Ireland to plant the
Christian Faith, A.D. 432; III.

ionall Crimthann, ancestor of
yMelaghlin, Kings of Meath ; IV.
Jonall Gulban, ancestor of O'Donnell