John O'Hart.

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lived. I am sure I have lost a good servant by it."



CHAP. TV.] O'NE. HEREMON GENEALOGIES.



o'ne. 725



amidst the circling warriors, the
Bards and Ollamhs of Uladh, he
took the oath " to preserve all the
ancient former customs of the
country inviolable," etc. ; and on the
death of Tirlogh, he became the
Prince of Ulster. He was four times
married : first, to Judith, daughter
of Sir Hugh O'Donnell, and sister
to the celebrated Eed Hugh, she d.
early in 1591 ; he m., secondly, in
July, 1591, Mabel Bagnal, who d.
1596 ; thirdly, to Catherine, dau. of
Magennis of Down ; and, fourthly,

to ; he had issue by Catherine :

1. Hugh (d. 1609), called " Baron of
Dungannon;" 2. Henry (d. s.p.), a
Colonel in the Spanish Service ; 3.
John, Conde de Tyrone, a General
in the Spanish Service ; 4. Bryan (a
page to the Archduke), who was
strangled in his bedroom at Brussels,
in 1617, by an English assassin; and
5. Conn, a natural son, a prisoner in
the Tower, who had a son — Fear-
dorach, of whose descendants we, at
present, know nothing.

From his great military genius,
this Aodh has been called "The
Irish Hannibal." In the reign of
Queen Elizabeth this Aodh (or
Hugh*') exercised the authority of
Ard-Bigh or Monarch, in electing
both native and Anglo-Norman
chieftains, etc. He died at Kome,
blind and worn out, in 1616.
123. Conn: son of Shane an



I Diomuis; hereditary Prince of
Ulster ; was elected " The O'Neill"
in 1590, as successor to Aodh; but his
patrimony being now wrested from
him, his people disorganized, and
strangers in his strongholds, he was
forced to lead an inactive life. He
resided usually at Strabane ; was m.
to Nuala O'Donnell, and by her had
issue : I. Art Oge ; II. Cu-Uladh,
who retired to Scotland, where he m.
and had issue ; III. Mor, became a
Nun ; IV. Eoghan, married and had
issue ; V. Brian, who was killed by
an Englishman named Tempest; VI.
Flann, d. unm. at Strabane. This
Conn d. in 1598, at an advanced age.
124. Art Oge: his son; hereditary
Prince of Ulster. Owing to the
seizure of his country by James I.,
of England, and the consequent
" Ulster Plantation," this Art's in-
heritance was overrun by Scotch
and English settlers, many of whom
generously held for him part of his
estates in trust. He was born in
1565 ; resided partly in Strabane
and Dungannon; married Sinead
Ni Airt (or Joanna O'Hart), by
whom he had four children : I. Conn
Ruadh, who d. s.p. ; II. Shane ; III.
Rose ; IV. Aodh Dubh, who was a
Major-General in the Austrian
Army, m. in 1641, Mary Sibylla,
dau. of a German Prince, and had
issue; died 1650. (See "O'Neill-
Bridge" Stem, infra.)



* Hugh : Hugh O'Neill had served some years in the English army, when a young
man ; acquired a great knowledge of military affairs, and was a favourite at the Court
of Elizabeth. On his return to Ireland, he continued some time in the service of the
queen ; but, having revolted, he became the chief leader of the Northern Irish, and
was (perhaps with the exception of his relative, Owen Roe O'Neill) the ablest general
that ever contended against the English in Ireland. He, however, became reconciled
to the state in the reign of James the First, who, a.d. 1603, confirmed to him his title
and estates ; but, for alleged political reasons, Hugh O'Neill and Rory O'Donnell, Earl
of Tirconnell, were, a.d. 1607, forced to fly from Ireland : they retired to Rome, where
Hugh died, a.d. 1616 ; and Rory or Roderick O'Donnell, a.d. 1617. (See the "Flight
of the Earls," in the Appendix.)

For further information in connection with this Hugh O'Neill, see "The Life and
Times of Aodh O'Neill, Prince of Ulster ; called by the English, Hugh, Earl of Tyrone.
With some Account of his Predecessors, Conn, Shane, and Tirlogh." (Dublin : James
Duffy. 1845.)



726 o'ne.



IRISH PEDIGREES.



o'ne. [part in.



Art Oge O'Neill died in 1622, in
Strabane, and was buried at Ard-
straw.

125. Shane : his second son ; here-
ditary Prince of Ulster ; lived, like
his father, in Strabane and Dun-
gannon ; b. 1599 ; m. when only 19
years of age, Kathleen O'Donnell of
Tirconnell, by whom he had issue :
I. Thomas ; II. Art, d. s.p. ; III.
Conn, who married and removed to
Munster ; IV. Eoghan, who m. and
emigrated to Xorth America; V.
Robert, who m. and had issue —
extinct in 1866 ; YI. Meadhbh, who
m. a French officer.

Shane died in 1643, at Strabane,
and was buried with his fathers at
Ard straw.

126. Thomas: his son ; hereditary
Prince of Ulster ; b. 1619 ; married
Angelina, the dau. of Aodh Dubh
O'Neill, by whom he had issue : I.
Teige ; II. Shane, who entered the
Spanish Army ; III. Mor, who m.
a Scotch " laird ;" and lY. Kate.

This Thomas resided at Inish-
owen, and, in 1670, was found dead
on the western shore of Lough
Foyle, a dagger being stuck to the
hilt in his back : a deed performed,
it was believed, by two English
spies. He was bui^ied in Derry-
Colum-cill (now Londonderry).

127. Teige: his son; hereditary
Prince of Ulster; b. in 1641; re-
sided at Dungannon ; married Mary
O'Donnell, by whom he had issue :
I. Henry ; II. Brian ; III. John.
(These two brothers — Brian and
John — went as "soldiers of fortune"
to France, thence to Portugal ; they
m. two cousins of Maguire, of Fer-
managh, before leaving Ireland ;
eight of their descendants, in 1807,
on the invasion of Portugal by the
French, went with the House of
Braganza to Brazil, where some of
their descendants now (1887) re-
side.) lY. Robert, married a Miss



Stuart, of Argyle, and had issue;
Y. Rose, m. a gentleman named
MacCallum, of Scotland.

This Teige died in 1690, and waa
buried at Ardstraw.

(IV.) Robert with his family
emigrated to the United States of
North America, where he changed
his name to Paine, so as to preserve
his life from assassins. It was one
of his descendants who, under the
name of " Robert Francis Paine,"
signed the Declaration of American
Independence, on the 4th of July,
1776 ; and whose portrait is still to
be seen in the old Congress Hall at
Philadelphia. Descendants of this
Robert are now holders of large
estates in many of the States of the
great American Republic, and many
others of them are engaged in
mechanical and mercantile pursuits
in that rising nation.

128. Henry : eldest son of Teige;

hereditary Prince of Ulster ; b. in

Dungannon, 1665 ; m. Fionualla

j O'Gormley, by whom he had issue :

I I Art; II. Judith, and HI. Kate

I (twins) ; lY. Aodh ; Y. Shane (d,

j s.p.) ; YI. Roderic, and YII. Nora

I (twins) ; YIII. Cu-Uladh, who

; entered the English Army under a

feigned name, and was strangled in

London ; IX. Delia, married George

MacCarthy, had issue ; X. Cormac,

born three months after his father's

death, m. and removed to co. Cork,

where his descendants yet are to be

found amongst the peasantry.

Kate died in infancy, Judith went
to her cousins in Portugal, with
Roderic and Nora, all m. and had
issue. Aodh m. Matilda O'Connor,
had issue, location now (1887) un-
known.

This Henry O'Neill was cousin to A
Colonel Sir Neill, who was, in 1690, J
killed at the Boyne. He (Henry)
changed his name to Paine (modern-
ized Payne), so as to preserve both



I



IHAP. iv.J o'ne. heremon geneaxogies.



o'ne. 727



lis life and a portion of his Ulster
istates. He entered the Army of
iVilliam III., and obtained the
' head rents" of large tracts of land
Q the county of Cork, and other
►arts of Ireland, in addition to a
mall portion of the Sept lands
le still held in Ulster. He resided
or a short time in North Clanaboy ;
iterwards at Dungannon, whence
16 removed to the shelter of his
[insman Neal O'Neal of Cloon, co.
jeitrim, where, notwithstanding all
lis precautions, he fell a victim to
is hereditary enemies, being assassi-
lated in 1698, at Foxford, co. Mayo.

129. Art O'Neill, alias ^' Payne:"
on of Henry ; hereditary Prince of
Jlster ; b. 1687 ; made The O'Neill
•n May Eve, 1709, at Aileach ; m.
Cate O'Toole, daughter of Garret
)'Toole, of Power's Court, county
Vicklow (see " O'Toole" Stem, No.
28), and had by her : I. Nial. II.
["homas, who emigrated to America;
II. Francis, who m. a Miss Bell-
ang, and had issue ; TV. Lawrence,
rho m. a Miss Collins, and had two
ons and one daughter ; V. Nuala,
lied in infancy ; VI. Kose, who m.
rames Talbot, went with him to
Cngland, and had issue ; YII. Ada,
vho m. also a Talbot, and went to .
Cngland ; VIII. Mor, who m. Henry
)'Cahan, of Derry ; IX. Joan, who
Q. Felim MacCarthy, d. s.p.

This Art lived a roving life, partly
n Tyrone, Wicklow, and Cork, and
cept large deer-hounds ; died in co.
>ork,1732, and wasbur.in St. Helen's,
^oviddy, whence his remains were
aken to Ard straw, by his son :

130. Nial : hereditary Prince of
Jlster; b. 1711 ; m. Ellen, dau. of
)onal Fitzpatrick (of Ossory), by
lis wife, Una Mac Namara, and by
ler had issue : I. Eichard (or
iloderic) ; II. William, who married
511en Toler, and by her had a dau.
lamed Nora, who m. Cormac Mac



Carthy, the hereditary Earl of Clan
Carthy ; and a son, Henry (d. 1843),
who m. Lina Seton, of Bucks, and
by her had two sons and one dau. ;
this Henry, on the death of his
uncle Roderic (or Richard), was duly
elected " The O'Neill," by represen-
tatives of the old clans. ELis two
sons were Conn and Aodh ; the
daughter was Delia, who m. Henry
Seton, and is now (1887) in some
part of France, and has issue ; the
son, Conn, d. an infant ; and Aodh,
on the eve of 1st of Nov., 1847, was
made Prince of Ulster, he d. unm.,
in 1859. Soon after some of the
Irish in Paris and New York pro-
ceeded to elect his successor; and
we learn that Mac Carthy Mor and
James Talbot took Richard, who is
No. 134 on this Stem, to London,
where he was acknowledged as the
future Representative of his Race ;
and we learn that on May Eve, 1862,
in the ruined fort of Aileach, the
white wand was put into his hand
by Daniel O'Connor, of Manch, and
the old Pagan ceremonies were per-
formed, as they were some hundreds
of years before, when the chieftains
elected "CNeHl." (See No. 134
below.) The other children of this
Niall were : III. Kate, d. unm ; lY.
Mary, who m. Phelim O'Neill, and
had a dau., Ada, who m. a Mac
Loughlin, whose dau. Eva, married
Donogh Mac Carthy of Cork ; V.
Rose, who m. Dermod, hereditary
lord of Muscry, and Earl of Clan-
earthy. (See Stem of Mac Carthy,
Lords of Muscry Family, Nos. 129,
130, 131).

This Nial lived in the western
part of the county, and in the City
of Cork ; lived an extravagant life ;
took a leading part, under various
disguises, in political events ; sold
out to his trustees the remains of
the tribe lands in Ulster. The penal
laws being in force, his possessions



728 o'ne.



IRISH PEDIGREES.



O'NE, [part III



in the South of Ireland were held
in trust for him by Protestant
friends, many of whom eventually
ignored his right, and, taking ad-
vantage of the Laic, excluded him
and his heirs from the head rents.
Then he engaged in manufacturing
pursuits, by means of the remnant
of his property, which proved abor-
tive ; finally, he died in 1772, and
was buried in Moviddy. In 1780,
his remains were removed by his
son to Ulster.

131. Eichard (or Eoderick) : his
son ; hereditary Prince of Ulster ;
b. in Kilmichael, co. Cork, in 1743 ;
m. Margaret, dau. of Donal Mac
Carthy Keagh, by his wife Kate
O'Driscoll (see No. 125 on the
''Mac Carthy Eeagh" Stem), and
had issue : I. Eobert ; II. Eachel,
who married John O'Sullivan M6r
(Prince of Dunkerron), a native of
Berehaven, and by him had issue :
Eichard, Donogh, and Nora (see
the " O'Sullivan Mor" pedigree) ;
III. Mary, m. to Philip Eyder, has
(in 1887) no issue; IV. Alice, m.
Eichard Good, and had issue: 1.
Anne (d. s. p.) ; 2. Mary, m. John



Forde, of Bandon, and has one dau
Jane; 3. Jane, m. Simon Long
issue : James, Daniel, and Elizabeth
4. Eichard, who m. Anne Good
both d. s.p. ; and Y. Bessy, d. s.p.
This Eichard was duly electee
'' The O'Neill," on May Eve, 1766
and was inaugurated in the old Eatl
of Tullaghoge, west of Lough Neagh
in Tyrone, by the O'Hagan, wh»
was then reduced to indigence
This Eichard (or Eoderic) lost th<
remainder of the "head rents" o
those lands in co. Cork, which wer*
granted to Henry (No. 128); b
removed to East Carbery, where h^
died, in 1817, and was buried ii
Moviddy. He was, during tb
most part of his life, unostenta
tiously the rallying point of all tb
Celtic princes and chieftains o
Erinn, as his elected position ind:
cated.

132. Eobert : his son ; m. Eleano
or Nelly, eldest daughter of Corli
O'Baldwin, of Lios-na-Cait, nea
Bandon, county Cork. [This Corli
was eldest son of William,* son o
Eobert, son of John, Mayor of Cork
1737, and descended from Williar



• William : This William had three sons and two daughters : the sons were — ^i
Corlis, m, to a Miss Jenkins; 2. James, m. to a Miss Banfield— family extinct;
Henry, d. unm. The eldest daughter m. Edward Herrick, of Belmount, gent. ; th
youngest, m. Walter MacCarthy, solicitor, a scion of the Blarney MacCarthys.

The second daughter of Corlis m. Mr. McCrate, and d. s.p. McCrate m. second!
to former wife's cousin — a daughter of James. From the following inscription on a-
obelisk-like monument in the old church-yard of Templemartin, diocese of Cork, w
learn that the Baldwin family no longer reside or hold possession in Ireland :



" Sacred to the Memory of Barbara Baldwin and her husband Robert Baldwin, (
Summer Hill, near Carrigaline, co. Cork, and afterwards of Annarva. Baldwin's Creel
CO. Durham, Upper Canada. She died at Summer Hill, 21st Jan., 1791, 42 years of ag'
and lies buried here among the ancestors of her husband. He died at City of Toront
(then the town of York), Upper Canada, 24th Nov., 1816, aged 75 years ; and li(
buried in the grave-yard of St. James's Church in that city. He was the second so
of John Baldwin, of Lios-na-Cait, Alderman of Cork. After his wife's death b
emigrated with the greater number of their children to Upper Canada, in the yeai
1798-99. This stone, under the superintendence of his eldest son, Robert Baldwin, i
erected to the memory of his much-loved parents by William Warren Baldwin^ t
Spadina, in the county of York, in Upper Canada, their eldest surviving son, and th
present head of the eldest male branch of their descendants, who are all now throug
the merciful goodness of the Almighty successful and happily settled in that Provinc
—1836."



HAP. IV.] O'NE. HEREMON GENEALOGIES.



o'ne. 729



f Lisarda, son of Henry, who is
fo. 7 on the " Baldwin" pedigree.]
ssue: I. Richard, who m. Mary
)'Nolan, and had by her — Robert,
lenry, Eleana, Richard, and Una :
lenry died in Ireland ; the others
rith their parents, emigrated to
rorth America, from 1847 to 1854,
nd all of whom are now (1887)
ead. II. Robert, whose lineage is
ere traced. III. William. IV.
ohn. V. Thomas : — these last
tree also emigrated to New Jersey,
nd thence to Kentucky, where they
ssided, unm., in 1 880. VI. Francis,
n officer in the United States
irmy, killed many years ago by
imerican Indians. VII. Margaret,
. unm. in Ireland. VIII. Mary, m.
•> — Linzey, an officer in the Anglo-
adian Army, d. some years ago, s.p.
This Robert, in 1847, died at
lount Pleasant, and was buried at
It. Helen's, Moviddy, co. Cork.
133. Robert: second son of Robert ;
•orn 1816 ; m. Jane Anne, dau. of
lichard Wall, of Ardnaclog (Bell-
lount), parish of Moviddy, county
'ork, by his wife Jane " Welply,"
r more correctly, Jane Mac Carthy,
.au. of WiUiam Mac Carthy Mor,
Iks « Welply," of Clodagh Castle.
See Mac Carthy Mdr pedigree. No.
29.) Issue : three sons and two
.aughters : I. William, who died in
afancy. II, Richard-Walter. III.
larmaduke, an officer in the English
Lrmy — the " Connaught Rangers,"
lenmore Barracks, Galway (living
a 1887), born at Lios-na-Cait, 4th
one, 1845 ; married, and has issue
wo sons, and four daughters. IV.
! ane Anne, b. at Lios-na-Cait, 13th
une, 1848, m. William Farrow, son
f William Farrow by his wife Jane
litchel, both natives of Ipswich, in



Suffolk, England ; this Jane Anne
with her husband reside at 2 Albert
Villas, King-street, New Brompton,
Kent, England, and has no issue.
V. Elizabeth-Lavinia, born at Ard-
na-clog (Bellmount), Muscry, 6th
September, 1852, and resides (1887)
at the Connecticut Training School,
State Hospital, New Haven, Con-
necticut, U. S. America ; unm.

This Robert died in New Jersey
about 1851.

134. Richard W. O'Neill (alias
" Payne"*) : his son ; born at Lios-
na-Cait, 13th Sept., 1842; living at
St. Martin's, Farranavane, Bandon,
county Cork, in 1887 ; and acts as
Principal Teacher of Mount Pleasant
National School. (See Note, " The
O'Neill," under Niall Glundubh, No.
100, on the "O'Neill" (No. 1) pedi-
gree.)

This Richard, known over most
part of Ireland as " The O'Neill,"
(see No. 130 on this pedigree) was
m., in June, 1864, to Mary, only
dau. of John Harris, of Moss Grove,
by his wife EUza O'Connor, in the
CathoUc Church of Murrogh, by the
Reverend John Lyons, C.C. (now
P.P. of Kilmichael, co. Cork) and
has had issue :

I. John Canice, b. at Moss Grove,
12th January, 1867.

II. Luaghaidh (Lewy)-Thomas, b.
7th June, 1870.

HI. Jane-Anna-Maria, born 2nd

February, 1873.
IV. Aodh ) twins, born 9th
V. Caroline/ Aug., 1876.
Aodh d. at the age of ten months.
VL Rose-Adelaide, b. 28th Aug.,
1880.

135. John: son of Richard (2);
living in St. Martin's, Farranavane,
Bandon, in 1887.



* Payne : This family is not even remotely connected with any other, bearing a
ke name in Great Britain, or Ireland.



730 o'nE. IRISH PEDIGREES. o'XE. [PART I

, O^NEILL. (No. 3.)

Princes of Clanahoy*

Arms :t Per fesse wavy the chief ar. the base representing waves of the sea, in ch
a dexter hand couped at the wrist gu. in base a salmon naiant ppr. Crest : An arm
armour embowed the hand grasping a sword all ppr. Motto : Lamh dearg Eirin.

Of the present Hereditary Princes of Clanaboy the Arms are : In chief ar. a dexi
hand couped and erect, supported by two lions ramp, surmounted by three mulle
the whole gu., the base waves of the sea ppr. whereon a salmon naiant ppr. T
shield is surmounted by a mediaeval princely crownf of three strawberry leav(
Crest : A dexter arm in armour embowed ppr. garnished or, holding in the hand
dagger also ppr., pommel and hilt gold. Motto : Coelo, solo, salo, Potentes. War Cri
Lamh dearg Eirin Abu.

In the old graveyard of Lower Langfield, near Drumquin, county Tyrone, the
are two tombstones of the O'Neills with the following inscriptions —" Here lieth t
body of Fardoragh O'Neill, who departed this life March 20, 1738, aged 99 years." T
second—" Here lieth the body of Charles O'Neill, who dyed Desember the 8, 173
aged 23 years." On the first stone the arms of O'Neill are cut in relief, and agr
with the above, except that on the stone the arm embowed has behind it cross bont
(A^o Arms on the second stone).

The ruins of an old castle of the O'Neills are to be seen in the townland of Kerlis
near the graveyard.

AODH (OR Hugh) Dubh ONeill, brother of Xiall Ruadh, who is No. i:
on the " O'Neill" (No. 2) pedigree, Princes of Tyrone, was the founder
this House.

* Clanaboy : In modern times some representatives of this family assumed t
title-name of Castlereagh.

t Arms : In the earlier part of the history of the " O'Neill" (of Ulster) family t
Arms were (as in " O'Neill" No. 1), the Bed Right Hand, which a writer in Que
Elizabeth's time, designated as " that terrible cognizance ;" and from which is deriv
the war-cry : Lamh dearg Eirin Alu, or "The Red Hand of Eirin for ever." In fa
this warlike symbol is Ireland's heraldic emblem, par excellence : and is for her wb
the Hoses are for England, and the Fleur-de-lis fur France. The ♦' O'Neill" Arms
this simple form appear in the ancient heraldic records ; and we have it in t
beautiful silver signet belonging to Hugh O'Neill (d. 1364), and described in p. 64
Vol. 1. of Ulster Journal of Archaeology. At a later period the Coat of Arms display*
greater number of figures, and we successively meet with the salmon (attributed
the O'Neill dominion over Lough Neagh), and more lately the mullets ; and it is in t
latter complete form that we find it used by Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, who had
represented in mosaic in natural colours on the tombstone of his son, at St. Pietro
Montorio, Rome ; and also by Sir Daniel O'Neill, and the celebrated Owen Roe O'Nei
whose signet seal was discovered by the Rev. James Graves in the "evidep
chamber" of Kilkenny Castle. It is this more elaborate display that the branches
the House of " O'Neill" of Clanaboy who emigrated to the Continent have adopt€
and with it the parlant Motto of " Coelo, Solo, Salo, Potentes." We are told that
the archives of Shane's Castle, Antrim, an old MS. refers to this Motto : truly a
one to revive the proud traditions of a family which, for the number of its Saints,
its Kings, and of its Heroes, can be said to be qualified as great in Heaven and •
Earth. We cannot trace any origin for the mullets in the Arms of this family, we c
only say that they are met with in the Arms of several other Irish families. As to t
salmon it seems to be of a remote origin : it is on the tombstone of Cumagh-na-nGj
O^Cahan (see No. 110 on the "O'Cahan" pedigree), who was Sovereign Prince
Limavady, in the latter end of the thirteenth century, and who was buried in t
church of Dungiven ; for, the "O'Cahan" family is an off-shoot of the "O'Neill," wlai
explains the identity of this heraldic figure in their Arms !

X Crown : This Crown is no heraldic one. Crowns are believed to have be
unknown to native Irish heraldry ; but the House of O'Neill having maintained



HAP. IV.] O'NE.



HEREMON GENEALOGIES.



o'ne. 731



112. Hugh (6) Dubh O'Neill* (d.
230): son of Hugh an Macaomh
'einleasg ; surnamed " dubh," be-
siuse he was dark-featured ; was 12th
1 descent from Niall Glundubh,
le 170th Monarch of Ireland ; was
overeign Prince of Tyrone, and
jng of Ulster, A.D. 1186. He
efeated the English at Dungannon,
I 1199; and in 1210 visited King
ohn at Carrickfergus, but made no
ibmission to him. Hugh Dubh
I. and was succeeded by his son :

113. Donal (4) surnamed Oge (or
le young) ; slain A.D. 1234.



114.Hugh(7),surnamed ^'Buidhe't
(or yellow), in Irish " Aodh
Buidhe :" son of Donal Oge ; was
Prince of Tirowen from A.D. 1260
to 1283, when he died. From him
is derived the name "Clanaboy"
which in Irish was Clan Aodh Buidhe,
meaning the " Clan of Yellow
Hugh ;" by which designation the
territories which said Hugh then
brought under his dominion have
been known to this day. The
House of Clanaboy maintained its
sovereign rights down to the time of
James I., of England ; and such was



vereign honours down to the 17th century, a mediaeval princely crown was logically
lopted by its more modem representatives, and is the one we meet with in the family
,^ets of the last century. Although crowns and coronets were not adopted as an
sraldic emblem in the display of the coat of Arms of the ancient Irish, they were in
16 as regal ornament, but their shape was apparently not subordinate to any heraldic
|iles. One of these crowns, found in 1692 under ground in Barnanely, is of pure gold,
lid is described by Dr. Petrie in the Dublin Penny Journal. On the tomb of Felim
Connor, in iioscommon, and on that of Connor O'Brien (both reigning Princes),
other form of Crown appears, which was in use in England and on the Continent by
)vereign Princes, tiU the 15th century.

* Hugh (6) Dubh O'Neill : Some authorities assume that Hugh Dubh O'Neill was
le elder and not the younger brother of Niall Ruadh ; that therefore, the Clanaboy
■anch of the *' O'Neill" would be the senior; and, as such, the representative of
inelowen. — See No. Ill on the " O'Neill" (No. 1) pedigree.

t Buidhe : In a.d. 1275, the English Municipality of Carrickfergus mention Aodh
udhe O'Neill to King Edward I. of England, as : " Ad. O'Neill regem de Kinelowen."
ee O'Callaghan's Irish Brigades in the Service of France.') Among the splendid
llections of Lord Braye, there exists a beautiful silver seal, with the O'Neill badge
rved thereon, and the legend: " bigillum Adonis O'Neill, Kegis Hiberniae coram
lionise," attributed to Hugh O'Neill.

The Clan of this Aodh (or Hugh) Buidhe passed the river Ban into Eastern Ulster
Antrim and Down ; and wrested from the mixed population of old natives and the
Bcendantsof the English settlers, the territory hence designated *' Clanaboy" or the