three sons :
118. Mathew TuUy : eldest son of
lAP. IV.] HEREMON GENEALOGIES. 783
HE foregoing are the pedigrees of those of the Irish Gaels, or Milesian
ish families, which, as yet, we have been able to collect ; and we need
)t say the collection and compilation of those genealogies were to us a
labour of love." In respect to any inaccuracies or blemishes which
ay still be found in the Work, we trust that the magnitude of our
bour will plead our excuse. Any inaccuracies, however, which shall
pointed out to us, shall be corrected in future editions ; and the
emishes, if any, expunged.
It will be observed that some of the genealogies are traced down to
e time of the English invasion of Ireland ; some, to the reign of Queen
izabeth ; some, to the Plantation of Ulster ; some, to the Cromwellian,
:d others to the Williamite, confiscations ; and some down to this year
our Lord, 1887. But we are satisfied that, so far as our sources of
formation enabled us to do so, each generation of each pedigree is herein
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
It will be also seen that, of those families whose pedigrees are continued
wn to 1887, some contain more generations than others; but this is
sily accounted for by the fact, that many families were more long-lived
an others ; that many of the names recorded in the Irish Genealogies
jre Chiefs of Clans, and that the Chiefs of dominant Irish families in
8 past were often slain in early manhood : because, in war, the Chief
aded his Clan, and, thus in front of the battle, was always exposed to
} onslaught of his foe. Hence the average age of the generations
low in the Pedigrees of those families which longest continued to be
ninant ; thus accounting for the greater number of generations.
To render Irish Pedigrees as interesting as possible to future genera-
ns of those Irish, Irish-American, Norman-Irish, Anglo-Irish, Danish,
ottish, Welsh, Huguenot, and Palatine families, whose genealogies are
orded in the Work, we would receive reliable information from the
)resentatives of those families, at home, or abroad, who can, from where
leave off in any genealogy, continue their pedigrees down to themsleves ;
bh the view of having such information when verified, inserted in future
itions of this Work. And, as the Work caters to the prejudices of no
t or party, there is no valid reason for withholding such information ;
the contrary, the man who can assist in rescuing his family genealogy
m oblivion, and will not do so, incurs, in our opinion, the reproach so
itly applied by Sir Walter Scott, in the following lines, to him, if such
jre be, whose soul is dead to " Love of Country :"
High though his titles, proud his name,
Boundless his wealth as wish can claim ;
Despite those titles, power and pelf,
The wretch, concentred all in self,
Living, shall forfeit fair renown.
And, doubly dying, shall go down
To the vile dust, from which he sprung
Unwept, unhonoured, and unsuag.
784 IRISH PEDIGREES. [P^
lEISH MONARCHS OF THE LINE OF HEREMON.
1. Heremon : son of Milesius of Spain.
2. Muimne |
3. Luighne > : sons of Heremon.
4. Laighne )
5. Irial, The ProiDhet : son of Heremon.
6. Eithrial : son of Irial.
7. Tighearnmas : son of FoUain, son of Eithrial.
8. Fiacha Lamhraein : son of Smiorgioill, son of Eanbothadh, son
9. Aongus Ollmucach : son of Fiacha Lamhraein.
10. Kotheacta : son of Maoin, son of Aongus Ollmucach.
11. Siorghnath Saoghalach : son of Dein, son of Rotheacta.
12. Giallcadh : son of Olioll Olchaoin, son of Siorghnath.
13. Nuadhas Fionnfail: son of Giallcadh.
14. Simeon Breac : son of Nuadhas Fionnfail.
15. Muireadach Bolgach : son of Simeon Breac. tei
16. Eochaidh : son of Duach Teamhrach, son of Muireadach Bolgach i
17. Conang Beag-Eaglach : son of Duach Teamhrach, son of Muireadac
18. Fiacha Tolgrach : son of Muireadach Bolgach. ^lai
19. Duach Ladhrach : son of Fiacha Tolgrach. (f(
20. Ugaine M6r : son of Eochaidh Buaidhaig, son of Duach Ladhracl
21. Bancadh : son of Eochaidh Buaidhaig.
22. Laeghaire Lore : son of Ugaine Mor.
23. Cobthach Caoil-bhreagh : son of Ugaine Mor. jft
24. Labhra Longseach : son of Oilioll Aine, son of Laeghaire Lore.
25. Melg Molbhthach: son of Cobhthach, son of Cobthach' Cao: 5
26. Aongus Ollamh : son of Oilioll, son of Labhra Longseach.
27. larn Gleofathach : son of Melg Molbhthach. M
28. Conla Caomh : son of larn Gleofathach. 5
29. Olioll Casfiacalach : son of Conla Caomh.
30. Eochaidh Altleathan : son of Olioll Casfiacalach.
31. Fergus Fortamhail : son of Breasal Breac, son of Aongus Gailin
son of Olioll Brachain, son of Labhra Longseach.
32. Aongus Turmeach-Teamreach : son of Eochaidh Altleathan.
33. Conall CoUaimrach : son of Eidirsgeoil, son of Eochaidh Altleatha
34. Eanna Aigneach : son of Aongus Turmeach-Teamreach.
35. Crimthann Cosgrach : son of Feidhlim Fortruin, son of Fergi
36. Eochaidh Feidlioch : son of Finn, son of Finlogha, son of Roigne:
Ruadh, son of Easamhuin Eamhna, son of Eanna Aigneach.
HAP. IV.] " MONARCHS OF THE LINE OF HEREMON. 785
37. Eochaidh Aireamh : son of Finn, son of Finloga, son of Eoignein
Luadh, son of Easamhuin Eamhna, son of Eanna Aigneach.
38. Edersceal : son of Eoghan, son of Oilioll, son of lar, son of Deagha,
on of Luin, son of Roisiu, son of Trein, son of Rotherein, son of Airindil,
on of Maide, son of Forga, son of Fearadhach, son of Oiliolla Euron, son
f Fiacha Fearmara, son of Aongus Turmeach-Teamreach.
39. Nuadhas Neacht : son of Seadna Siothbach, son of Lughaidh
"iorbric, son of Lughaidh Loitfin, son of Breasal Breac, son of Fiachadh
"iorbric, son of Oiliolla Glas, son of Fearadhach Foglas, son of Nuaghat
'oUamhain, son of AUoid, son of Art, son of Criomthan Cosgrach.
40. Conaire Mor : son of Edersceal (No. 38).
41. Lughaidh Sriabh-n Dearg : son of Bress-Nar-Lothar, son of Eochaidh
'eidlioch (No. 36).
42. Conchobhar : son of Feargus Fairge, son of Nuadhas Neacht (No.
43. Crimthann Niadh-Nar : son of Lughaidh Sriabh-n Dearg (No. 41).
44. Feareadach Fionnfeachtnach : son of Crimthann Niadh-Nar.
45. Fiatach Fionn : son of Daire, son of Dluthig, son of Deitsin, son of
lochaidh, son of Suin, son of Rosin, son of Trein, etc. (see No. 53).
46. Fiacha Fionn-OIa : son of Feareadach Fionnfeachtnach (No. 44).
47. Tuathal Teachtmar : son of Fiacha Fionn-Ola.
48. Felim Rachtmar : son of Tuathal Teachtmar.
49. Cathair Mor: son of Feidhlimhidh Fionirglais, son of Cormac
J-ealta Gaoth, son of Niadh Corb, son of Concorb, son of Modha Corb, son
f Conchobhar (No. 42).
50. Conn Ceadcatha : son of Tuathal Teachtmar (No. 47).
51. Conaire MacMogha Laine : son of Modha Cromcinn, son of
uigheach Allathach, son of Cairbre Cromcinn, son of Daire Dornm6r, son
f Cairbre Fionnmor, son of Conaire Mor (No. 40).
52. Art Eanfhear : son of Conn Ceadcatha (No. 50).
53. Fergus Dubh-Dheadach : son of Fionchada, son of Eogamhuin, son
f Fiathach, son of Finn, son of Daire, son of Dluthig, son of Deitsin, son
f Eochaidh, son of Suin, son of Rosin, son of Trein, son of Rothrein, son
f Airiondil, son of Main, son of Forga, son of Feareadhach, son of
)iliollaran, son of Fiacha Fearmara, son of Aongus (No. 32).
54. Cormac MacAirt (" Ulfada") : son of Art Eanfhear.
55. Eochaidh Gunta : son of Feig, son of lomachaidh, son of Breasal,
on of Fionchadha, son of Fiachadh Fionn, son of Dluthig, son of Deitsin,
be. (See No. 53).
56. Cairbre Liffechar : son of Cormac MacAirt.
57. Fiacha Srabhteine : son of Cairbre Liffechar.
58. Colla Uais (CariolJ) : son of Eochaidh Dubhlen, son of Cairbre
59. Muireadach Tireach : son of Fiacha Srabhteine.
60. Eochaidh Muigh Meadhoin : son of Muireadach Tireach.
61. Niall M6r (of *'The Nine Hostages") : son of Eochaidh Muigh
62. Fereadach (Dathi) : son of Fiachradh, sou of Eochaidh (No. 60).
63.Laeghaire : son of Niall M6r.
64. Lughaidh : son of Laeghaire.
78 6 IRISH PEDIGREES. [PARTU <^
65. Muirceartach M6r Mac Earca : son of Muireadach, son of EogM
son of Niall M6r. ^ '
66. Tuathal Maolgharbh : son of Cormac Caoch, son of Cairbre, son •
67. Diarmid : son of Feargus Ceirbheoil, son of Conal Creamthann, »'
of ]Siall Mor.
69* Fergus I * ^^^^ ^^ Muirceartach M6r Mac Earca (No. 65).
70. Eochaidh : son of Donal, son of Muirceartach Mor Mac Earca
71. Boitean : son of Nineadhadh, son of Feargus Ceannfada, son'
Conall Gulban, son of Niall Mor.
72. Anmire : son of Seadhna, son of Feargus Ceannfada, etc. (i
73. Boitean. I
74. Aodh : son of Anmire (No. 72). 1
75. Aodh Slaine : son of Diarmuid, son of Feargus Ceirbheol, son •
Conal Crimthann, son of Niall Mor (No. 61).
76. Colman Rimidh (reigned jointly with Aodh Slaine) ; son of Mu;
ceartach (No. 65). j
77. Aodh Uar-iodhnach : son of Donal (No. 68). I
78. Mallcobh : son of Aodh (No. 74).
79. Suimneach Meann : son of Fiachra, son of Feareadhach, son .
Murtough, son of Muireadach, son of Eoghan, son of Niall Mor. ^
80. Donall : son of Aodh (No. 74).
82* Contrail I * ^°^^ ^^ Maolchobha, son of Aodh (No. 74).
83. Diarmid Ruadhni^
I : sons of Aodh Slaine (No. 75).
[ : sons of Bladhmhac.
87. Finachta Fleadhach : son of Dunchada, son of Aodh Slaine.
88. Longseach : son of Donal (No. 80).
89. Congall Cionnmaghair : son of Feargus Fanuid, son of Co]
Gulban, son of Niall Mor.
90. Feargall : son of Maoldun, son of Maolfireach, son of Aodh (No
91. Foghartach : son of Neill, son of Cearmuigh Sotuill, son of
muid, son of Aodh Slaine (No. 75).
92. Ceneth : son of largallach, son of Conuing Charraig, son of Con^
93. Flaithertach : son of Loingseach, son of Aongus, son of Donal (U i
94. Aodh Olann (or Allan) : son of Feargall (No. 90).
95. Donall : son of Murough, son of Diarmuid, son of Anmire Caoc.
son of Conall Guthbhin, son of Srubhne, son of Colman Mor, son of Feargi
Ceirbheoil, son of Conall Creamthann, son of Niall Mor.
96. Niall Frassach : son of Feargall (No. 90).
97. Doncha : son of Donall (No. 95). :^
98. Aodh Ornigh : son of Niall Frassach. t
99. Conchobhar : son of Doncha (No. 97). ^
100. Niall Caille : son of Aodh Ornigh.
CHAP. IV.] MONAKCHS OF THE LINE OF HEREMON. 787
101. Malachi: son of Maolruanaidh, son of Doncha (No. 97) ; his mother
102. Aodh Fionnliath : son of Niall Caille (No, 100).
103. Flann Sionnach : son of Malachi (No. 101).
104. Niall Glundubh : son of Aodh Fionnliath.
105. Doncha : son of Flann Sionnach.
106. Congall : son of Maolmithig, son of Flanaghan, son of Ceallach,
son of Conning, son of Congalla, son of Aodh Slaine.
107. Donall : son of Muirchertach, son of Niall Glundubh.
108. Malachi : son of Flann Sionnach (No. 103).
109. Diarmid, King of Leinster (d. 1072) : son of Donoch Mael-na-mbho,
son of Diarmid, son of Donall, son of Cellach, son of Oineath, son of
Cairbre, son of Diarmid, son of Aodh, son of Rugalach, son of Oneu, son
of Faelcu, son of Faelan, son of Sillan, son of Eoghan Caech, son of Dathi,
son of Crimthann, son of Enna Cinnselach, son of Labraidh, son of Bresal
Beolach, son of Fiach Baicheda, son of Cathair Mor.
110. Donall Mac Loghlin : son of Ardgal, son of Lochlonn, son of
Muireadach, son of Donal Oge, son of Donal, son of Murtagh, son of Donal,
son of Aodh Fionnliath (No. 102).
111. Tirloch Mor O'Connor : son of Euadhri, son of Aodh, son of Teige,
etc., son of Brian, son of Eochaidh Muigh Meadhoin (No. 60).
112. Muirceartach Mac Loghlin : son of Neil, son of Donall (No. 110).
113. Roderic O'Connor: son of Tirloch Mor (No. 111).
(114.) Brian O'Neill : son of Neill Ruadh, son of Aodh, son of Mortogh,
son of "Teige Glinne, son of etc., — Donal (No. 107).
—(See " O'Neill," Princes of Tyrone.)
(115.) Edward de Bruce : son of Robert, son of Isabel, dau. of David,
son of Henry, son of David, son of Malcolm, son of Duncan, etc.
— (See " Stem of Royal Family of England.)
(116.) Shane O'Neill : son of Conn Bacchach, son of etc., etc.
—(See O'Neill Stem), son of Brian O'Neill (123).
(117.) Aodh O'Neill: son of Ferdoroch, son of Shane.
(118.) Art Oge O'Neill : son of Conn, son of Shane ; was Monarch Elecfj
but never exercised regal powers.
(Nos. 114, 115, 116, 117, and 118 were acknowledged Kings of Ireland
by the Irish people, but not by the English.)
183, ante^ commencing witl
Instead of the third paragraph in p.
" William Collins," read :
William Collins, " the finest English poet which England has pro
duced," was, though a native of England, of Irish extraction ; he was th(
son of a hatter in Chichester, being born there on the 25th December
1720 ; his uncle was a Colonel in a Foot regiment; he died a lunatic ii
his sister's house, in Chichester, in 1756.
For the fourth paragraph in same page, read :
'* Of the Cork family was the late Stephen Collins, Esq., Q.C., who»
son, John T. Collins, Esq., Barrister-at-law, is (in 1887) the chief repre
And at the end of the '^O'Collins" paper, same page, we should hav«
added the following :
There are a few families of the name of Collins, settled in Ireland
which are considered of English extraction. About 1651, a Cadet of j
Cornish " Collins" family (which was probably founded there by an ofl
shoot of the family of the Lords of Lower Connello, who migrated fron
Ireland in the 13th or 14th century), acquired property and settled in th
county Galway. His descendants intermarried from time to time wit)
members of the Blake, French, Daly, and Kelly families ; and his reprc
sentative at the beginning of this century was John Collins, Esq. (bon
1775, died 1826), who married Ellen, daughter of Rev. Joseph Tenison,
Rector of Wicklow, and left issue :
L William Tenison Collins, M.D.;
m. and left issue, who d. s.p.
II. Joseph Tenison Collins, now
(1887) Manager of the National
Bank, Ballinasloe, who m. as
second wife Sarah MacCarthy
(for whose descent see " Mac-
Carthy Reagh," No. 4, page
126, ante, and foot note), an'
had issue by her :
I. Charles MacCarthy CoIHdj
born 1850 ; a member of th
Irish, English, and Queem
land Bars; a J.P. for Queeni
land; M.R.L A.; Fellow of th
Institute of Bankers (Lond.]
* Tenison : Rev. Joseph Tenison was great-grandson of the Et. Rev. Dr. Ed war
Tenison, Bishop of Ossory, who was nephew of Most Rev. Dr. Thomas Tenison, Arcl
bishop of Canterbury, and great-grandson of Very Rev. Phihp Tenison, Archdeacom
Norwich (1586-1660).— [Burke's Landed Gentry : " Tenison of Portnelligan."]
author of History ^ Law^ and
Practice of Banking ^ and other
works; m. in 1879 Elizabeth-
Isabel, dau. of Wm. Cromp-
ton-Ashlin, Esq., of Clough-
ton, Birkenhead, and has
issue, a son and daughter.
II. Alfred Tenison Collins, now
(1887) Secy, of Hibernian
Bank, Dublin ; married and
III. Mary MacCarthy Collins,
Ill, Philip Tenison Collins, M.D.
of Wednesbury, died 1882,
leaving issue :
Edwd. Tenison Collins, M.D.,
of Wednesbury, married.
HE following is the epitaph inscribed by Father Earl's parishoners on his
lonumental tablet in Carbury Chapel, county Kildare, referred to in the
Earl" pedigree, p. 433, ante :
" Underneath lie the remains of the Rev. Edward Earl, late Parish Priest of
irbury and Danforth, which he governed for 25 years with great piety and enlight-
led zeal. He died on the 29th Sept., 1846, in the 72nd year of his age, sincerely
gretted and beloved by all his people.
Beati Mortui qui in Domino Moriuntur. Requiescat in pace. Amen."
^ Note at foot of page 126, ante, read as follows :
128. Charles : son of Charles ; born
778, d. circa 1846 ; married Miss
urner, of Rosanna, Tipperary ; was
Lieutenant in Tipperary Militia,
id 'a Civil Engineer ; had issue : 1.
harles Ffennell ; 2. Solomon (lost
5 sea, unm.) ; 1. Sarah (see below),
d several other daughters.
129. Rev. Charles-Ffennell Mac-
arthy, his son, D.D. : Rector of
Werburgh's, Dublin ; born 1818;
Miss Sophia Reardon, and had
sue: 1. Charles; 2. William; and
»ur daughters ; he died 1877, and
as buried iu the crypt of Wer-
130. Charles : his son ; an M.D. ;
Bsident at Hong-Kong : married
nd has issue.
Sarah, daughter of Charles
(No. 128 supra), married in 1848
Joseph Tenison-Collins (eldest sur-
viving son of John Collins, Esq., of
Dominick-street, Dublin, by Ellen,
daughter of Rev. Joseph Tenison,
of Wicklow, great-grandson of Right
Rev. Dr. Edward Tenison, Bishop
of Ossory, who was son of AVilliam,
elder brother of His Grace Dr.
Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of
Canterbury (1636-1715), and great-
grandson of Rev. Philip Tenison,
Archdeacon of Norwich(1586-1660);
she d. 1854, leaving issue two sons
and one daughter :
I. Charles MacCarthy Collins, b.
1850 ; called to the Irish Bar,
1879 ; to the English Bar
(Middle Temple) 1884; to the
Queensland Bar, 1883 ; a
Member of the Eoyal Irish
Academy; a Fellow of the
Institute of Bankers ; J. P. for
the Colony of Queensland ;
author of "History, Law, and
Practice of Banking,^' " Celtic
Irish Songs and Song Writers,'^
and other works. He married
in 1879 Elizabeth-Isabel, dau.
of Wm. Crompton-Ashlin, Esq.,
of Cloughton, Birkenhead, and
has issue : 1. Julian Tenison, b.
1885; 1. Eva-Mabel, b. 1880.
Resident in Brisbane, Queens-
land; living in 1887.
II. Alfred Tenison Collins, bom
1852; Secretary of Hibernian
Bank, Dublin (1S87); married
and has issue :
I. Mary MacCarthy Collins, unm.
Of this family is (see p. 573, ante) " McGowran," which is one of the
anglicised forms of the Irish sirname MacSamhradhain.
The ancient Armorial Bearings of " McGowran" were : Arms — G u. two lions ppr.
and one lion pass, surmounted with a crown in centre. Crest: A demi ramp, lion gu.
Motto : Vincit Veritas.
The McGoverns or McGowrans, etc., are of the Hy-Briuin race, and
are descended from Brian, the first King of Conn aught of the Hy-Xiall
Sept, and the eldest brother of the Monarch Niall of the Nine Hostages,
who is No. 87 on the " O'Neill" (No. 1), of Tyrone, pedigree. They were
the Lords and Chieftains of the ancient barony of Tidlaghaw, co. Cavan,
generally known (see the " Dolan" pedigree, a7ite,) as the Kingdom of
Glan or Glangavlin or the Country of the ]\IacGaurans. (See Lewis's
Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837.) "MacGauran's Country" is
about sixteen miles in length by seven in breadth. In Queen Elizabeth's
reign Commissioners were in 1584 sent there, and by them the whole
territory of the County Cavan was partitioned into seven baronies, one of
those baronies (Tullaghaw) being assigned to the Sept MacGauran. On.
the confiscation of six counties in Ulster, during the Ulster Plantation, in
the reign of James I., the County Cavan was planted with British colonies,,
and, according to Connellan, the MacGaurans received 1,000 acres.
A complete list of the chiefs, from A.D. 1220 to 1532, is given in
O'Donovan's translation of the "Four Masters." The Sept prides itself
on having had a Catholic Archbishop, viz., Edmond MacGauran, Primate
of Armagh; and two bishops.
A Mr. Bartholomew Joseph McGovern went to Liverpool about the
year 1846, and there attained a high social position. E.I.P. He left
two sons, viz., the Eev. John Bernard McGovern, and Mr. Joseph Henry
McGovern, architect, who are the authors of a History of the Clan,
together with a number of other works. Both living in 1887.
MacDONNELL. (No. 1.)
CORDING to some genealogists, Gilla Espuig, who (see p. 530, ante) is
117 on the " MacDonnell" (No. 1) pedigree, was son, not of Sir James
Dunluce, but of Colla, the elder brother of Sorley Buidhe, who is No.
5 on that page. That Colla, who mar. a MacQuillan, was known as
11-dhu-na-Gappal (or " dark-featured Colla, of the Horses"), and died in
Commencing with No. 124 on p. 531, the pedigree should read as
lows : —
24. James McDonnell, Barrister-
Law (living in 1887), who mar.
sanna Cairns (sister of Earl
irns), and has two daughters, but
male issue. This James has a
)ther Robert, M.D., of 89
Merrion-square, Dublin (also living
in 1887), who mar. Susan, dau. of
Sir Richard McCausland, and has
one son John.
125. John McDonnell: son of said
Robert; living in 1887.
MADDEN. (No. 1.)
anviENCiNG with No. 130, on this family pedigree, p. 569, the first
itence should read : —
30. Richd.-Robert Madden, M.D.,
li.C.S., London : the twenty-first
i youngest child of Edward ; b.
1798 in Dublin; mar. Harriet
nslie, who by a singular coinci-
dence was, like her husband, the
twenty-first and youngest child of
her father, the late John Elmslie of
Berners-street, London, and of Surge
Island Estate, Jamaica.
O'BYRNE. (No. 3.)
MMENCING with No. 136, p. 620, ante, read : —
56. Garrett (2), of Ballymanus :
of Garrett ; mar. to Miss
Iclough of Tintern. Will dated
57. Had three sons : 1. Garrett ;
John of Duuganstown, who mar.
Miss Byrne of Wicklow, and from
whom William Colclough O'Byrne
of Ballycapple was descended ; 3.
Colclough, etc. (same as is recorded
in the remainder of the paragraph.)
And, commencing with Anna-Frances, who (see p. 622) is the daughter
"William-Colclough O'Byrne, No. 139 on the same pedigree, read: —
1. Anna-Frances, mar. to Garrett
Byrne of Bally valtron.
40. Garrett - Michael O'Byrne,
jSIerchant of Wicklow : son of
William Colclough O'Byrne ; living
792 IRISH PEDIGREES. [PAET \
I.— ENGLISH INVASION OF IRELAND.
In the middle ages the Popes claimed and exercised great temporal power
which, in the main, they exercised for the general good. The Merovingiai
dynasty was changed on the decision of Pope Zachary. If Frederick th<
First did not renounce all pretensions to ecclesiastical property
Lombardy, he was threatened by Pope Adrian with the forfeiture of thi
Crown received from him and through his Unction.
In 1211, Pope Innocent the Third pronounced sentence of Depositioi
against King John of England, and conferred that kingdom on Philij
Augustus, who instantly prepared to assert his claim ; although he had m
manner of title, except the Papal Grant. And, in 1493, Pope Alexande:
the Sixth gave the whole continent of America to Ferdinand and Isabellj
of Spain ; ostensibly because the nations which then inhabited that coi
tinent were infidels.
King Henry II., of England, ascended the throne, A.D. 1154, and wa.
contemporary with Pope Adrian the Fourth, who w^as, himself, an English
man, and whose name originally was Nicholas Brakespeare ; to whon
Henry sent John of Salisbury, the Secretary of Thomas-a-Becket, arch
bishop of Canterbury, to make certain representations and stipulation
respecting the Kingdom of Ireland, which Henry had lonsj coveted.
In the exercise of his temporal power, Pope Adrian IV. did, regardles:
of every right, transfer the sovereignty of Ireland to the Crown of England
not because the Irish people of that period were " infidels"* (which thej
certainly were not), but because Adrian IV., in his love of country
naturally wished to aggrandize England !
Among the volumes in the MS. Library of Trinity College, Dublin, ii
the Collectanea Eibernia?, marked E. 3. 10, which includes the " Invasioi
and first Invaders of Ireland under Henry II. ;" together with some
interesting Annals relating to Ireland, commencing with A.D. 322, anc
ending a.d. 1590. Of those Annals the first is a strange one; for,
asserts that for thirteen years — namely, from 322 to 335, a certain Lad]
of the Pictish race had been engaged in the conversion of the Irish people
to Christianity :
"Prin. Fid. Anno Dom. 322. Fuit conversio ad Christum Hibernorum, 335.
IMulier qutedam genere Picta, Anno 322, reginse infirmatata Christi nomen ill]
inwisite praedicedit . . . eflfecit, regina regem docuit populum." — Hector Boethus,
Lib. 6. Historiee Scotioe.
* InHdels : To the great piety and zeal of the Irish people for the glory of Grod|
not only at the time of the Euglish invasion, but since Christianity was first intro-
duced into Ireland, the many remains of Abbeys, Churches and other Christian Monu-
ments throughout the land even at the present day, bear ample testimony :
" Who sees these ruins, but will demand
What barbarous invader sacked the land :
And when he hears no Goth nor Turk did bring