John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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bordering on Cork ; while the Dalcassian kings ruled over Thomond. From each
race was alternately elected a king of all Muuster ; and, in that kingdom, this mode
of government continued from the third to the tenth century, when Brian Boru, of
the Dalcassian race, became king of Munster. After that period the O'Briens alone
were kings of Munster and kings of Thomond ; 'and the BlacCarthys, who were the
head of the Eugenian race, were kings and princes of Desmond.

When, on the English invasion. King Henry the Second landed at "Waterford, in
October A.D. 1171, Dermot MacCarthy, king of Desmond, waited on him the day after
his arrival, delivered to him the keys of the city of Cork, and did him homage.* A.D.
1177, Henry II. granted to Robert Fitzstephen and Milo de Cogan, for the service of
sixty knights to himself and his son John and their heirs, the whole kingdom of Des-
mond, with the exception of the city of Cork and the adjoining cantreds, which
belonged to the Ostmen or Danes of that city, and which Henry reserved to hold in
his own hands. The MacCarthys maintained long contests for their independence,
«dth the Fitzgeralds, earls of Desmond, the Butlers, earls of Ormond, and other Anglo-
Norman and English settlers ; and held their titles, as princes of Desmond, with
jonsiderable possessions, down to the reign of Elizabeth. They were divided into two
great branches, the head of which was MacCarthy M6r : of whom Donal MacCarthy
jras, A.D. 1565, created earl of Glencare or Clancare, by Queen Elizabeth ; the other
Dranch, called MacCarthy Reagh, were styled princes of Carbery. Besides the earls
)f Clancare, the MacCarthys were also created at various periods barons of Valentia,
!arls of Clancarty, earls of Muskerry, and earls of Mount Cashel ; and, had several
trong castles in various parts of Cork and Kerry.

There are still in the counties of Cork and Kerry many highly respectable families
i the MacCarthys ; and several of the name have been distinguished commanders in
he Irish Brigades in the service of France and Spain.

County Coek.

The Irish Chiefs and Clans.

In Cork, the following have been the Irish chiefs and clans : — 1. O'SuUivan had

de ancient territory of Beara, now the baronies of Beare and Bantry in the county

lork ; and were called O'Sullivan Beara, and styled princes of Beara. Another branch

i the family, called O'Sullivan M6r, were lords of Dunkerron, and possessed the

arony of Dunkerron, in the county Kerry ; and their chief seat was the castle of

►unkerron, near the river Kenmare. A third branch of the O'Sullivans were chiefs

I Knockraffan, in Tipperary. The O'Sullivans are of the Eugenian race, of the same

escent as the MacCarthys, princes of Desmond ; and took their name from Suileabhan,

oe of their chiefs in the tenth century. In the reign of James the First, their

ttensive possessions were confiscated, in consequence of their adherence to the earls

" Desmond and Tyrone in the Elizabethan wars ; and the heads of the family retired

Spain, where many of them were distinguished officers in the Spanish service, and^

ad the title of Counts of Bearbaven. 2. O'Driscoll, head of the Ithian race, chief or ~

rince of Corcaluighe, called Cairbreacha, comprising the ancient extensive territory

t Carbery, in the south-west of Cork. The O'Dritcolls were lords of Beara, before

le O'Sullivans in after times became possessors of that territory. 3. O'Keeflfe, chief

Glen Avon and of Urluachra. Glen Avon is now called Glanworth, a place in the

irony of Fermoy, county Cork. This family had afterwards a large territory in the

irony of Duhallow, known as " Pobal O'KeeflFe." In ancient times the O'KeeflFes,

le Dugans, and O'Cosgraves, were chiefs in Fearmuighe Feind, now the barony of

loy ; which was afterwards possessed by the family of Roche, viscounts of

loy, and called " Roche's Country." The O'Keeff'es at one time were marshals and

ry leaders in Desmond, and were styled princes of Fermoy. 4. MacDonogli,

of Duhalla, now the barony of Duhallow, in the county Cork. The MacDonoghs

[unster were a branch of the MacCarthys, and were styled princes of Duhallow ;

Homage: See "The Clan of MacCaiira," by Denis Florence MacCarthy, in p. 107, avt«.


their chief residence was the magnificent castle of Kanturk. 5. O'Mahony, chief of
Ivaugh, and Kinalmeaky. The O'Mahonys also possessed the territory of Cinal Aodha
(now the barony of "Kinalea"), and a territory in Mnskerry, south of the river Lee ;
both ia the county Cork ; and another territory called Tiobrad, in the county Kerry,
They were sometimes styled princes ; and possessed several castles, as those of Rosbrin,
Ardintenant, Blackcastle, Ballydesmond, Dunbeacan, Dunmanus, Ringmahon, etc. —
all along the sea-coast. 6. O'Callaghan, chief of Beara, and of Kinalea, in the county
Cork. Ihe chief of this family was transplanted into Clare by Cromwell, who gave
him at Killamey considerable property, in lieu of his ancient estates. A branch of
this family (who are of the Eugeuian race) are now viscounts of Lismore. 7. O'Lehan
(Lyne, or Lyons) was lord of Hy-Lehan and Hy-Xamcha, afterwards called the barony
of Barrymore, from the family of the Barrys, who became its possessors. Castle Lehan,
now Castlelyons, was the chief seat of this family. 8. OTlynn, chief of Arda (a terri-
tory in the barony of Carbery), and Hy-Baghamna, now the barony of " Ibane" and
Barryroe, adjoining Carbery. The castle of Macroom M-as built by the OTlynna.
9. MacAuliflfe, chief of Glean Omra, in the barony of Duhallow, and a branch of the
MacCarthj'S. Their chief seat was Castle MacAuliflfe, near jSTewmarket. O'Tedgamna
was another ancient chief of this territory. 10, O'Donnegan (or Dongan), chief oi
*' Muscry of the three Plains," now the half barony of Orrery, in the county Cork.
O'Cullenan was chief on the same territory, and was hereditary physician of Munster.
11. O'Hinmanen, chief of Tua-Saxon. 12. O'Mulbhehan, chief of Muscry Trehirne.
13. O'Breoglian (this name "Breoghan" is considered the root of Bi'oicn), O^Glsdaio
{Glashan, or Gleeson), O'AIictyre* and O'Keely were chiefs of Hy-Mac-Caille, now th€
barony of "Imokilly," in the county Cork. 14. O'Curry, chief of Ciarraidhe Cuire
now the barony of " Kerrycurrehy," in the county Cork. 15. 0"Cowliey or O'Coffey.
of Fuin Cleena, chief of Triocha ISJeona, now the barony of West Bunyroe, in the
county Cork. These once powerful chiefs had seven castles along the coast, in the
barony of Ibawne and Barryroe. 16, O'FiMlly were also chiefs in "West Barryroe
17. O'Baire, anglicised O'Barry, chief of Muintir Baire, part of ancient Carbery in th(
county Cork ; and also chief of Aron. This family was of the Ithian or Lugadiai
race. 18. O'Leary, chief of Hy-Laoghaire or " Iveleary," and Iveleary, or " O'Leary'j
Country," lay in Muskerry, in the county Cork, between I\Iacroom and Inchageela
19. Hea and O'Dea are mentioned among the families of Tbomond ; they were als(
chiefs of Carberj', county Cork. 20. O'Donovan, also mentioned inThomond, settled ii
Cork, and were chiefs of Clan Cathail, in West Carbery. 21. 0"Beice or Beaky, chie
of Beanthraidhe, now the barony of Bantry. 22. O'Casey, chief of a territory nea'
Mitchelstown, in the county Cork. 23. O'Healy or Hely, chief of Domhnach-Mdr ^
O'Healy or Pobal O'Healy, a parish in the barony of Muskerry, county Corkf
24. O'Herlihy or Hurley is mentioned in the families of Ormond ; they were also chief 4
in the barony of Mnskerry. 25. O'Nunan or Noonan, chief of Tullaleis and Castlelisseuji
now the parish of Tnllilease, in the barony of Duhallow, county Cork. 26. O'DalyB
bard to MacCarthy, O'Mahony, Carews, and other great families. The O'Dalys wer-¥
eminent poets in Munster. 27. O'h-Aedliagan (anglicised " Mac Egan") was hereditar
Brehon or judge in the counties of Cork and Kerry, under the MacCarthys, kings o'
Desmond. The MacEgans were also hereditary Brehons of Ormond. 28. MacSweeney
military commanders under the MacCarthys, who, in the thirteenth century, brough
a body of them from Tirconnell or Donegal, where they were celebrated as chief
under the GDonnells ; and hence the head of the clan was styled MacSuibhne
na-dTuadh or MacSweeney of the Battle Axes. In Munster, the ^NlacSweeneys ha<
the parish of Kilmurry, in the barony of Muskerry, and had their chief castle a
Clodagh, near Macroom, and had also Castlemore in the parish of Movidy. 29. Mac
Sheehy : This family was a warlike clan, brought from Connaught in the fifteentj
century by the Fitzgeralds, Earls of Desmond, who appointed them their body-guards
Some of them changed the name to "Joy ; " and of this family was the Irish judge
Baron Jo5^ They are considered to be originally the same as the Joyces of Connemar
—a race of men of tall and manly stature. The MacSheehys and O'Hallinans wer
chiefs of Ballyhallinan, in the parish of Poblebrien, county Limerick ; and the O'Hal
loraus were chiefs of Faith- Ui Hal lurain, a district between Tulla and Clare, in th
county Clare. 30. O'Kearney were chiefs of Hy-Floinn, near Kinsale, in the count;
Cork. 31. O'Riordan, a clan of note in Muskerry ; and distinguished military chiefs i


O'Micti/re: This sirname (" mactire :" Irish, alwoJf) has been anglicised Wolfe.



ancient times. 32. O'Crowley, chiefs of Kilshallow, west of Bandon, and originally
a clan from Connaught. .33. O'Murpliy (originally from Wexford), a clan in Muskerry.
34. O'Ahern, ORonanye, and OHeyne (or Hynes), were old and respectable families in
the county Cork.

County Kerry.

In Kerry, the following have been the Irish chiefs and clans : 1. O'Connor, king
or prince of Kerry, was descended from Ciar, of the Irian race already mentioned ;
and took the name from Con, one of their chiefs, in the eleventh century, and from
Ciai, their great ancestor ; thus making the word " Conciar" " Conior," or Conchobbar,
anglicised " Connor" (See No. 103, page 331). From a portion of the ancient inheritance
of this family the present barony of Iraghticonnor takes its name. 2. O'Donoghoe was
of the Eugenian race, and chief of Loul'Ii Lein ; a branch of this family was the
O'Donoghoe Mor, lord of Glenfesk or ODonoghoe of the Glen. 3. O'Donnell (of the
same race as O'Donoghoe), chief of Clan Sbalvey (a quo Shelly) ; comprising the
district called Iveleary, and a great portion of Muskerry. 4. O'CarroU, prince of
Lough Lein. 5. O'Falvey, chief of Corca Duibhne (now the barony of " Corcaguiney"),
md lord of Iveragh : both in the county Kerry. The O'Falveys were hereditary
idmirals of Desmond. 6. O'Shea, chief of Iveragh. 7. O'ConneU, chief or Magh O g-
3oinchinn, now the barony of " Magonihy," in Kerr}'^. These O'Connells were a branch
)f the O'Connells of Thomond; descended from Conaire the Second, the 111th Monarch
)f Ireland. O'Leyne or Lane, chief of Hy-Fearba ; and O'Duividin, chief of Hy ;
^lannain : districts in the county Kerry. 9. O'Neide, chief of Clar Ciarraidhe or the
Plain of Kerry. 10. O'Dunady, chief of Slieve Luachra, now Slievlogher, on the borders
>f Limerick and Kerry. 11. O'Muircheartaigh (Moriarty, or Murtagh), and O'Hin-
lesvan (or Hinson), chief of Aos Aisde of Orlar Eltaigh, a district which comprised the
)arish of Templenoe, in the barony of Dimkerron. 12, The MacGillicuddys (a branch
z >f the O'Sullivans) were chiefs of a territory in the barony of Dunkerron : from this
amily the Mac Gillicuddy's Reeks in Kerry got their name : and some of this family
.nglicised the name *' Archdeacon." 13.MacElligot (or Elligot), an ancient family in
ierry, from whom the parish of Ballymacelligott, in the barony of Troughenackmy,
ot its name. From MacElligott the name of " MacLeod" was said to be derived ; but
'MacLeod" is of Scotch origin. 14. MacFinneen, MacCrehan, O'Scanlan, and
)'Harney (or Harnet), were also clans of note in Kerry.

(&) The New Settlers in Cork and Kerry,

Or Desmond.

lS already stated, King Henry the Second gave a grant of the kingdom of Desmond
D Robert Fitzstephen and Milo de Cogau. With that Robert Fitzstephen came
laurice Fitzgerald and other Anglo-Norman chiefs, a.d. 1169, who assisted Strongbow
I the invasion of Ireland. In 1173, Maurice Fitzgerald was appointed by Henry the
econd chief governor of Ireland ; and be and his descendants got large tyrants of land
I Leinster and Munster, chiefly in the counties of Kiklare, Wicklow, Wexford, Cork,
ad Kerry. He died, a.d. 1177, and was buried in the abbey of the Grey Friars at
/"exford. A branch of the Fitzgeralds were, down to the reign of Elizabeth, earls of
■esmond ; and had immense possessions in the counties of Cork and Kerr}'. Another
ranch of them became barons of Ofifaly,* earls of Kildare, and dukes of Leinster.
he Fitzgeralds trace their descent from the dukes of Tuscany : some of the family
I Florence, settled in Normandy, and thence came to England with William the
snqueror. The Geraldines, having frequently joined the Irish against the English, were
larged by English writers as having become Irish in language and manners : hence,
« origin of the expression — " Ipsis Hibernis lliberniores" or More Irish than tJie Irish
emaelves. The Fizgeralds, who were created earls of Desmond, became one of the

Offaly : The ancient territory of Ofifaly comprised a great part of the King's County, with part of
I J Queen 8 County and Kildare.


most powerful families in Munster ; and several of tliem were lords deputies of Ireland
in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Gerald Fitzgerald, sixteenth earl of Des-
mond, was one of the greatest subjects in Europe ; he held the rank of a " Prince
Palatine," with all the authority of a provincial king. Having resisted the Reformation
in the reign of Elizabeth, and waged war againt the English government, the earl of
Desmond's forces after long contests were defeated, and he himself was slain in a glen
near Castle Island, in the county Kerry, on the 11th of November, a.d. 1583 ; his head
was cut off and sent to England, by Thomas Butler, Earl of Ormond, as a present
to Queen Elizabeth, who caused it to be fixed on London Bridge. James Fitzgerald
(nephew of Gerald, Earl of Desmond) attempting to recover the estates and honours
of his ancestors, took up arras and joined the standard of Hugh O'Neill, Earl of
Tyrone. This James Fitzgerald was styled Earl of Desmond ; but his title not being
recognized, he was designated the sugan earl, which signifies the " earl of straw." His
forces being at length defeated and himself taken prisoner, he was sent to England
along Vvdth Florence MacCarthy, and imprisoned in the Tower of London, where he
died, A.D. 1608 ; and thus terminated the once illustrious House of Desmond.

The vast estates of Gerald, Earl of Desmond, were confiscated in the reign oi
Elizabeth, and granted to various English settlers (called planters or undertakers), on
conditions that no planter should convey any part of the lands to any of the "mere
Irish :" and the English settlers were also prohibited to intermarry with the Irish,
and none of the Irish were to be maintained in any family ! The following ar(
the names of the new settlers in Ireland who obtained grants of the Desmonc
estates in Cork and Waterford, thus confiscated : Sir Walter Kaleigh,* Arthur Robins.
Fane Beecher, Hugh Worth, Arthur Hyde, Sir Warham St. Leger, Hugh Cuffe (inlrisl
*'Durneen"), Sir Thomas Norris, Sir Arthur Hyde, Thomas Say, Sir Richard Beacoi
(in Irish "Beagan") and (the j)oet) Edmond Spencer. In the county Kerry, th«
following persons got grants of the Desmond estates : Sir William Herbert, Charle;
Herbert, Sir Valentine Brown (ancestor of the earls of Kenmare), Sir Edward Denny
and some grants to the families of Conway, Holly, and others. Of the families wh(
got the Desmond estates in Limerick, an account has been given in the names of th<
new settlers in *'Thomond."

The other principal families of the county Cork, were Cogan, Carew (or Carey)
Condon (or Canton), De Courcy, Barry, Barnwall, Barrett, Roche, MacGibbon am
Fitzgibbon (a branch of the Fitzgeralds) ; Fleming, Sarsfield, Nagle, Martell, Percival
Russel, Pigott, Prendergast, Lombard. Lavallan, Morgan, Cottor, Meagh (or May)
Murrogh, Supple, Stackpole, White, AVarren, Hodnet, Harding, Field, Beecher, Hyde
Jephson, Garrett, Kent, Delahide (or Delahoyd), De Spencer, Deane, Daunt, Vincentf
Gardiner, Beamish, Courtenay, Cuff'e, Gore, Hore, Newenham (or Newman), etc. j

Coppinger, Gould, Galway, Skiddy, and Terry were, in former times, verjj
numerous and powerful families in Cork.

Some of the family " De Courcy" took the Irish name MacPatrick; some of
*' De Barrj s," that of MacDavid ; the "De la Rupe," that of Roche, who bee
viscounts of Fermoy ; some of the family of " Hodnet" took the name MacSherry, etcj

In Kerry, the following have been the chief Anglo-Norman and English families :-r J
Fitzmaurice, earls of Kerry, descended from Raymond le Gros, a celebrated ward|L
who came over with Stronglaow. Raymond having formed an alliance with Den^^'
MacCarthy, King of Desmond, got large grants of land in Kerry, in the territ
called Lixnaw. The other principal families were those of Herbert, Brown, Stack]
Blennerhasset, Crosbie, Denny, Gunn, Godfrey, Morris, Rice, Spring, etc.

* Sir Walter EaUigTi : To Sir Walter Raleigh we arc are indebted for the introduction into Greaf
Britain and Ireland (consequent upon his voyage in a.d. 1585 to colonize Virginia, in North America) o
the potato plant, and the use of tobacco ; the former of which has since become an almost universa
article of diet, and the latter a most productive source of revenue. Sir Walter Raleigh it was who firs
planted potatoes in Ireland, in a field near Youghal, about a.d. 1610. In his time, too, the publicatio;
of newspapers in England is said to have originated. Copies of the " English Mercuric," relating to th
threatened descent of the Spanish Armada, are still preserved in the British Museum.



(c) The Modern Nobility of Cork and Kerry,

Or Desmond.

In the county Cork the following have been the noble families, since the reign of
King John : De Courcy, barons of Kinsale and Ringrone ; Fitzgerald, earls of Des-
mond, barons of Decies, and seneschals of Imokilly ; Fielding, earls of Denbigh in
England, has the title of earls of Desmond. Of the Royal Family, the dukes of
Clarence were earls of Munster. The Carews were marquises of Cork ; MacCarthy,
earls of Clancare, earls of Clancarthy, earls of ]Muskerry, and earls of Mouutcashel ;
Barry, barons of Olethann, viscounts of Buttevant, and earls of Barrymore ; Roche,
barons of Castlelough, and viscounts of Fermoy ; Boyle, barons of Youghal, Baudon,
Broghill, and Castlemartj'r, viscounts of Dungarvan and Kinnalmeaky, earls of Cork,
Orrery, and Shannon, and earls of Burlingtim in England ; Percival, barons of
Duhallow, Kanturk and Ardee, and earls of Egmont • St. Leger, viscounts of Done-
raile ; Touchet, earls of Castlehaven ; Bernard, earls of Bmdon ; White, viscounts
)f Berehaven, and earls of Bantry ; Berkley and Chetwynd, viscounts of Berehaven ;
Broderick, viscounts Midleton ; Moore, ear-Is of Charleville ; and Moore, earls of
Mountcashel ; King, earls of Kingston ; O'Callaghan, viscounts of Lismore in Water
:ord, are originally from Cork ; Evans, barons of Carbery ; Deane, barons of Mus-
ierry ; Tonson, barons of Riversdale ; and the family of Cavendish, barons of Water-

In the county Kerry the following have been the noble families since the reign of
ling John : — Fitzmaurice, barons of Lixnaw ; and O'Dorney, viscounts of Clan-
naurice, and earls of Kerry ; Petty, or Fitzmaurice-Petty, barons of Dunkerron,
'iscounts Clanmaurice, earls of Kerry, earls of Shelbourne, and marquises of Lans-
lowne in England ; Fitzgerald, knights of Kerry ; Brown, earls of Kenmare, and
iscounts of Castlerosse ; Herbert, barons of Castleisland ; Child, viscounts of Castle-
aaine, and earls of Tilney in England ; Monsonand Palmer, viscounts of Castlemaine ;
'ower, viscounts of Valencia ; Crosbie, viscounts of Brandon, and earls of Glandore ;
Vynn, barons Hedley ; De Moleyns, barons of Ventry ; Hare, barons of Ennismore,
nd earls of Listowell ; and Spring-Kice, barons Monteagle of Brandon.

Down to the last century, the mountains of Cork and Kerry were covered with
ncient forests of oak, ash, pine, alder, birch, hazel, and yews of immense size ; and
fforded retreats to wolves and numerous herds of red deer. It is needless to speak of
le majestic mountains and magnificent lakes of Kerry, celebrated as they are for
leir surpassing beauty and sublime scenery.

Or Tipperary and Waierford.

territories which formed ancient Ormondand Desies have been already mentioned.
8 this territory is closely associated with the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland, the
Uowing observations may not here be out of place :

Waterford is celebrated as the chief landing-place of the' Anglo-Norman invaders,
ider Strongbow and his followers ; and is also remarkable as the chief place where
veral kings of England landed on their expedition to Ireland. In May, a.d. 1169,
obert Fitzstephen, Maurice Fitzgerald, David Barry, Hervey de Monte Marisco,^
yler Fitzhenry, Maurice Prendergast, and other chiefs from Wales (being the first
the Anglo-Normans who invaded Ireland) landed at the bay of Bag-an-bun or
uinow, in the county Wexford, near the bay of Waterford ; where they were joined
• their ally Dermod MacMurrough, King of Leinster. In May, 1170, Raymond le
and other Anglo-Norman chiefs landed near the rock of Dundonnel, about four
les from Waterford, near the river Suir. In August, 1170, Strongbow landed near
flerford, and was there married to Eva, daughter of Dermod MacMurrough, who
III conferred on his son-in-law the title of *'heir presumptive" to the kingdom of

A.D. 1171, King Henry the Second embarked at Milford Haven, landed at Croch,
W Crook, near Waterford, on the 18th of October ; and was attended by Strongbow^


William FitzAdelm, Hugh de Lacy, Humphrey de Bohun, and other lords and barons.
The day after Henry's arrival, Dermot MacGarthy, king of Desmond, waited on him
at Waterford ; delivered to him the keys of the city of Cork ; and did him homage.
Henry, at the head of his army, marched to Lismore, and thence to Cashel; near
which, on the banks of the Suir, Donal O'Brien, King of Thomond, came to meet
him, delivered to him the keys of the city of Limerick, and did him homage as Dermot
MacCarthy had done. MacGillpatrick, Prince of Ossory ; O'Felan, Prince of Desies ; and
other chiefs, submitted soon after. From Cashel, Henry returned through Tipperary tc
Waterford, and shortly afterwards proceeded to Dublin ; where he remained during
the winter, and in a style of great magnificence entertained the Irish kings and princej
who had submitted to him. In February, 1172, Henry returned to Waterford, anc
held a council or parliament at Lismore ; and also convened a synod of bishops anc
clergy at Cashel. After rema,ining in Ireland about six months. King Henry embarkec
at Wexford, on Easter jNIonday, the 17th of April, 1172; set sail for England, anc
arrived the same day at Port Finnain in Wales. A.D. 1174, Raymond le Gros landec
at Waterford, with a large force from Wales, to relieve Strongbow, the a besieged h}
the Irish in that city ; and succeeded in rescuing him. A.D. 1175, according to Lani
gan, King Henry sent Nicholas, abbot of Malmesbury, and William FitzAdelm in
Ireland, with the Bull of Pope Adrian IV., and the brief of Pope Alexander III., con
f erring on King Henry the Second the kingdom of Ireland; when a meeting of bishops
was convened at Waterford, where these documents were publicly read ; it being thi
first time they were ever published. A.D. 1185, Prince John, Earl of Morton, son o
King Henry the Second, landed at Waterford, accompanied by Ralph Glunville, Chie
Justice of England, and by Giraldus Cambrensis, his secretary and tutor. A.D. 1210
King John landed at Waterford, and soon after proceeded to Dublin, and from thenci
through various parts of Aleath and Ulster.

Waterford is also celebrated as the place of landing and embarkation of othe
kings of England : namely, of Richard the Second, in the years 1391: and 1.399. On th
2nd of September, a.d. 1689, King William the Third embarked at Waterford fo,
England ; and, being again in Ireland, at the siege of Limerick, a.d. 1690, he came t
Waterford and embarked for England on the 5th of September. On the 2nd of Julj

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