John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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in Tyrone. 14. O'MuUigan, anglicised " Molineux," were also a clan in Tyrone.
15. O'Gnive or O'Gneeve (anglicised " Agnew") were hereditary bards to the O'Neills.

The O'Neills maintained their independence down to the end of the sixteenth cen-
tury, as princes of Tyrone ; and in the reigns of Henry the Eighth and Elizabeth, bore
the titles of Earls of Tyrone and barons of Dungannon. The last celebrated chiefs of the
name were Hugh O'Neill, the great Earl of Tyrone, famous as the commander of the
northern Irish in their wars with Elizabeth ; and Owen Roe O'Neill, the general of the
Irish of Ulster in the Cromwellian wars, a.d. 1641. Several of the O'Neills have been
distinguished in the military service of Spain, France, and Austria. In consequence of
the adherence of the Ulster chiefs to Hugh O'Neill, in the wars with Elizabeth, six
counties in Ulster were confiscated, namely : Tyrone, Derry, Donegal, Fermanagh,
Cavan, Armagh — all in the reign of King James the First. A project was then
formed of peopling these counties with British colonies ; and this project was called
the *' Plantation of Ulster."



(c) The Modern Nobility in TirOwen.



I In the survey of Ulster by Captain Pynnar, a.d. 1619, as stated in Harris's
Hbernica, the following English and Scotch families are given as those who settled in
yrone : Hamilton — the earl of Abercorn (more lately the title was *' marquis," and
now, in 1881, his grace the Duke of Abercorn is the representative of that ancient
family). Sir George Hamilton, Sir Claude Hamilton, Sir Robert Newcomen, Sir John
Drummond, the Earl of Castlehaven, Sir William Stewart, Sir John Davis, the Lord
Jlidgeway, George Ridgeway, Sir Gerrard Lowther, the Lord Burley, Sir Francis
"Willoughby, Sir William Cope, John Leigh, William Parsons, Sir Robert Heyborne ;
Stewart, Lord of Uchiltree; Captain Saunderson, Robert Lindsay, Alexander Richardson,
Andrew Stewart, David Kennedy, the Lord Chichester, Sir Toby Caulfield, Sir Francis
Roe, Sir Francis Annesley, and the Lord Wingfield.

Since the reign of James the First the following noble families have settled in
Tyrone : — the Le Poers were earls of Tyrone, a title which afterwards passed by
intermarriage to the Beresfords. Blount, viscounts Mountjoy, a title which afterwards



824 IRISH PEDIGREES.

passed to the families of Stewart and Gardiner. Trevor, viscounts Dungannon. Stewai
viscounts Castlestewart. Knox, earls of Eanfurley. And Alexander, barons
Caledon.

Derry : In the reign of Elizabeth, "O'Cahan's Country" was formed by Sir John]
Perrott into a connty, which was called from its chief town, the " County of Colerain ;'*
and in the reign of James the Fii-st, on the plantation of Ulster, a company of under-
takers, consisting of merchants and traders from London, got grants of the " Coun'
of Colerain," and town of Derry : hence the city and county got the name of " London-
derry."

Derry, in Irish, "Doire," signifies an Oak Wood; and the town was anciently
called " Doire-Calgach," signifying the Oak Wood of Calgach, from a chief of that
name ; and afterwards *' Derry- Columbkille," from the abbey founded there by that
saint. The territory which now forms the county Derry was part of Tir-Eoghain or
Tirowen ; and O'Cahan being the head chief it was called " O'Cahan's Country."

Derry is Latinized " Derria."

The following noble families derive their titles from this county :— The family of
Pitt, formerly marquises of Londonderry, a title now possessed by the Stewarts.
Hamilton, earls (now Dukes) of Abercorn, and barons of Strabane. The families of
Hare and Hanger, barons of Coleraiue.

Part of ancient Tyrone was, about a.d. 1585, formed into the county Tyrone by
the lord deputy Sir John Perrott. The ancient " Tir-£ogain" has been Latinized
*' Tironia," and sometimes "Eugenia." Tirowen in later times was called " O'Neill's
Country."



8.— TIRCOXXELL.*

(a) The Ieish Chiefs and Claxs.

The following clans and chiefs, in Tir Conaill in the twelfth century, are given by
O'Duganimder the head of Cineal Conaill :— 1. 0'Maoldoraigh or Muldory, O'Canannain,
and Clan Dalaigh, were the principal chiefs. In the tenth century some of the head chiefs
of the Clan Connell took the tribe name Clan-na-Dalaigh, from Dalagh, one of their
chiefs, whose death is recorded by the Four Masters, at a.d. 868 ; but they afterwards
took the name O'Domhuaill, or O'Donnell, from Domhnall or Donal, grandson of
Dalagh. 2. O'Boyle were chiefs of Clan Chindfaoladh of Tir Ainmireach, and of Tir
Boghaine — territories which comprised the present baronies of Boylagh and Banagh:
Crioch Baoighilleach or the country of the O'Boyles gave name to the barony of
" Boylagh ;" Tir Boghaine was the barony of "Banagh." 3, O'Mulvany, chief of Magh
Seireadh or Massarey. 4. O'Hugli, chief of Easruadh [Esroe] or Ballyshannon, in the
barony of Tir Hugh. 5. O'Tairceirt or Tarkert, chief of Clan Neachtain and of Clan
Snedgaile or Snell. 6. Mac Dubhaine or Mac Duane, chiefs of Cineal Xenna or Cineal
Enda, a district which lay in Inishowen. 7. MacLoingseacliain, chiefs of Glean Binne ;

* Tir-Connell : This territory comprised the remaining portion of Donegal not contained in Tir-
Owen, the boundary between both being Lough S^^illy ; but in the twelfth centurj' the O'Muldorj'S and
O'Donnells, princes of Tir-Connell, became masters of the entire of Donegal : thus making Lough
Foyle and the rivers Foyle and Finn the boundaries between Tir-Connell and Tir-Owen. This territory
got its name from Conall Gulban, who took possession of it after its conquest by Niall of the Nine
Hostages. He was brother to Owen, who possessed Tir-Owen; from him the territory' obtained the
name of Tir-Connaill or " Connell's Coimtry ;" and his posterity were designated Cineal Conaill or the
race of Connell, a name which was also applied to the territory.

Some of the earliest events in Irish historj- are connected with this territory-, amongst which the
following may be noticed : — Inis Saimer was the residence of Bartholinus or Partholan, who first planted
a colony in Ireland ; and this island gave the name Saimer to the river now called the Erne, and Lough
Erne, which in ancient times was called Lough Saimer. The waterfall at Ballyshannon is connected
-with another early event, the death of Aodh Euadh, an ancient king of Ireland who was drowned there ;
hence it was called Eas-Aodha-Ruaidh or the Cataract of Red Hugh ; and hence " Eas-Ruadh" [Ashroe]
was the ancient name of Ballyshannon.

In the tenth century a branch of the Cineal (or Clan) Connell took the name of O'Canannain, many
of whom were celebrated chiefs ; and another branch of them took the name of O'Maoldoraidh (angli-
cised Q'Muldory and Mulroy). and became princes of Tir-Connell. The O'Donnells, in the twelfth
century, became princes of Tir-Connell. Rory O'Donnell, the last chief of the race was created earl of
Tir-Connell, but died in exile on the Continent ; and his estates were confiscated in the reign of James
the First.



1



J^



PRINCIPAL FAMILIES OF ULSTER. 825

and O'Breislen or Breslein, chief of Fanaid or Fanad, on the western shore of Lough
Swilly. 8. O'Dogherty, chief of Ard Miodhair. In the Annals of the Four Masters,
at A.D. 1197, Eachmarcach [Oghmarkagh] O'Doherty is mentioned as chief of all
Tirconnell. The O'Doghertys maintained their rank as chiefs of Inishowen down to
the reign of James the First. 9. MacGilleseamliais (anglicised Gilljames, James, and
Fitzjames), chief of Ros-Guill, now "Rosgul," in the barony of Kilmakrenan.
10. O'Kemaghan, and O'Dallan, chiefs of theTuath Bladhaidh. 11. O'Mulligan, chief
of Tir Mac Caerthain. 12. O'Donegan, and MacGaiblin or MacGiblin, chiefs of Tir
Breasail ; and O'Maolgaoithe, chief of Muintir Maolgaoithe (gaotfi : Irish, the ivind j
pronounced " ghee"_). Some of this clan anglicised their name *' Magee ;" and others,
*' Wynne" — another form of ** wind," the Englishfor the word *' gaoth," as above. 13,
MacTeman, chief of Clan Fearghoile or Fargal. The following chiefs and clans not given
by O'Dugan are collected from the Four Masters and other sources : — 14. MacSweeney
(strangely anglicised MacSwiggan), a branch of the O'Neills, which settled in Donegal,
and formed three great families, namely, MacSweeney of Fanaid, who had an exten-
sive territory west of Lough Swilly, and whose castle was at Rathmullin ; MacSweeney
Boghainach or of Tir Boghaine, now the barony of Banagh, who had his castle at
Rathain, and in which territory was situated Reachrain Muintir Birn, now Rathlin
O'Beime Islands ; and MacSweeney Na d-Tuath, signifying MacSioeeney of the Terri-
tories. His districts were also called " Tuatha Toraighe" or the districts of Tory
Island. This MacSweeney's possessions lay in the barony of Kilmacrenan. According
to O'Brien, he was called " MacSweeney Na d-Tuath," signifying MacSioeeney of tJie
Battle-axes — a title said to be derived from their being chiefs of gallowglasses, and
from their being standard bearers and marshals to the O'Donnells. A branch of these
MacSweeneys, who were distinguished military leaders, settled in Munster in the
county Cork, in the thirteenth century ; and became commanders under the Mac-
Carthys, princes of Desmond. 15. O'Gallagher, descended from a warrior named
"Gallchobhar," were located in the baronies of Raphoe and Tir Hugh, and had a
castle at Ballyshannon, and also possessed the castle of Liflford ; they were com-
manders of O'Donnell's cavalry. Sir John O'Gallagber is mentioned in the wars of
Elizabeth. 16. O'Furanain (or Foran), chief of Fion Ruis, probably the " Rosses,"
in the barony of Boylagh. 17. O'Donnely, chief of Fear Droma, a district in Inish-
owen, is mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters, at a.d. 1177. 18. O'Laney or
dane, chief of Cineal Maoin, a district in the barony of Raphoe. 19. O'Clery or
Clarke, hereditary historians to the O'Donnells ; and the learned authors of the
Annals of the Four Masters, and other valuable works on Irish history and antiquities,
rhey had large possessions in the barony of Tir Hugh, and resided in their castle at
Kilbarron ;* the ruins of which still remain on a rock on the shores of the Atlantic
lear Ballyshannon. 20. MacWard, a clan in Donegal, were bards to the O'Donnells,
ind were very learned men.

Tir Connell was formed into the county Donegal by the lord deputy Sir John
Perrott, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.



(&) The New Settlers in Tirconnell,

Or Donegal.

)n the confiscation of Tirconnell, and the settlement of British colonies called the
•Plantation of Ulster," in the reign of King James the First, the following families
le, in Pynnar's Survey, a.d. 1619, given as the possessors of Donegal : — John
lurray got all Boylagh and Banagh. The following had various districts :— Captain
?homas Dutton, Alexander Cunningham (or Conyngham), John Cunningham, James
hmningham, Cuthbert Cunningham, Sir James Cunningham, James MacCullagh ;
William Stewart, the Laird of Dunduff; Alexander MacAwley, rt^m« Stewart; the
Aird of Lusse, Sir John Stewart, Peter Benson, William Wilson, Thomas Davis,
Saptain Mansfield, Sir John Kingsmill, Sir Ralph Bingley, Sir Thomas Coach, Sir
reorge Marburie, Sir William Stewart, Sir Basil Brooke, Sir Thomas Chichester, Sir
chn Vaughan, John Wray, Arthur Terrie, Captain Henry Hart, Captain Paul (>ore,
Fathaniel Rowley, William Lynn, and Captain Sandford.

■* Kilbarron: See Note, p. 633.



826 IRISH PEDIGREES.



(c) The Modern Nobility in Tirconxell.

The following have been the noble families in Donegal since the reign of James the
Fii'st :— 1. Fitzwilliam, earls of Tirconnell. 2. Richard Talbot, Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland, in the reign of James the Second, was created Duke of Tirconnell. 3. The
families of Brownlow and Carpenter have been subsequently earls of Tirconnell. 4.
Chichester, earls of Donegal. 5. Conyngham, earls of Mountcharles. 6. Cockayne,
barons of Culleu. 7. Hewitt, barons of Lififord. Etc.

Tirconnell was, about a.d. 1585, formed into a county by the lord deputy Parrot ;
and called Donegal, from its chief town. The names Donegal and Tirconnell are
Latinized " Dungallia" and " Tir-Connellia," and sometimes " Conallia."

Donegal, in Irish " Dun-na-nGall, " signifying the Fortress of the Foreigners, got its
name, it is said, from a fortress erected there by the Danes. This ancient territory
was called Tir-Conaill or the Country of Conall, from Conall Gulbin, brother of Owen,
and son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, as already mentioned. In modem times the
head chiefs of this territory were the O'Donnells : hence it was called " O'Donnell'g
Country."



9.— BREFNEY.*

(a) The Irish Chiefs and Clans.

The chiefs and clans of Brefney and the territories they possessed in the twelfth century
are, according to O'Dugan, as follows :— 1. O'Ruairc or O'Rourke ; 2. O'Raghallaigli
or O'Reilly: these were the princes of the territory of Brefney. 3. MacTigll-
earnain (^tiffhearua : Irish, a lord or master), anglicised MacTernan, McKiernan, and
Masterson, were chiefs of Teallach Dunchada (signifying the tribe or territory oi
Donogh), now the barony of " Tully bunco," in the county Cavan. 4. The MacSamh-
radhain (anglicised MacGauran, Magauran, and Magovern) were chiefs of Teallad



-^Brefney : In Irish this word is '* Breifne" or " Brefne," which signifies the Hilly Country ; it wa
called by the English "The Branny," and has been Latinized "Brefnia" and " Brefinnia." Thii
ancient territory comprised the present counties of Cavan and Leitrim, with a portion of Meath, and J
part of the barony of Carbury in Sligo ; O'Rourke being prince of West Brefney or Leitrim; amt
(JPiielly, or O'Reilly, of East Brefney or Cavan. Brefney extended from Kells in ileath. to Drumcliflf ii
the county Sligo ; and was part of the Kingdom of Connaught, down to the reign of Queen Elizabeth
when It was formed into the Counties of Cavan and Leitrim, and Cavan was added to the province o
Ulster. In this territory Tiernmas, the 13th Monarch of Ireland, was the first who introduced Ido
worship into Ireland ; and set up at Moy Slaght (now Fenagh, in the barony of Mohill, county Leitrim
the famous idol, Crom Cruach, the chief deity of the Irish Druids, which St. Patrick destroyed. Brefne;
was inhabited in the early ages by the Firvolgians fwho are by some writers called Belgse and Firbolgs)
who went by the name of " Ernaidhe," " Erneans," and " Ernaechs;" which names are stated to hav.
been given them from their inhabiting the territories about Lough Erne. These Erneans possessed th>
entire of Brefney. The name " Brefney" is, according to " Sewards Topography," derived from " Bre,
a hill, and therefore signifies the country of hills or the hillv country : a derivation which mav no
appear inappropriate as descriptive of the topographical features of the country, as innumerable hill
are scattered over the counties of Cavan and Leitrim. On a vast number of these hills over Cavan an<
Leitnm are found those circular earthen ramparts called forts or raths, and some of them very large
which circumstance shows that those hills were inhabited from the earliest ages. As several thousands c
these raths exist even to this day, and manv more have been levelled, it is evident that there was a ver
large population in ancient Brefney. The erection of these raths has been absurdly attributed to th
Danes, for it is e\-ident that they must have formed the chief habitations and fortresses of the ancien
Insh, ages before the Danes set foot in Ireland ; since they abound chiefly in the interior and remot
parts of the country, where the Danes never had any permanent settlement. Ancient Brefney bor
the name of Hy Briuin Breifne, from its being possessed by the race of Brian, King of Connaught, i
the fourth century, brother of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and son of Eochy Moyvane, Monarch c
Ireland from a.d. 357 to 365, and of the race of Heremon. That Brian had twenty-four sons, whos
postenty possessed the greater part of Connaught, and were called the " Hy-Briuin race." Of this rac
were the O'Connors, kings of Connaught ; O'Rourke, O'Riellv, MacDermott, MacDonogh, O'Flahertj
0_Malley, MacOiraghty (MacGeraghty, or Geraghty), 0' Fallon, OTlvnn (of Connaught), MacGaurar
MacTiernan, MacBrady or Brady, etc. In the tenth century Brefney was divided into two principalitie;
viz., Brefney O'Rourke or West Brefnev, and Brefney O'Riellv or East Brefnev. Brefney O'Rourk
comprised the present county Leitrim, with the barony of Tullaghaffh and part of Tullaghoncho in tb
county Cavan ; and Brefney O'Rielly, the rest of the present county Cavan : the river at Ballyconne
being the boundary between Brefney O'Rourke and Brefnev O'Rielly ; the O'Rourkes being the princip
n-P ■ I'l "^'I'^ourke's Country" was called Brefnev O'Rourke; and " O'Riellv's Country" Brefne
u Kielly. The O'Rourkes, and O'Riellys maintauied their independence down to the reign of James tl
Jtirst, and had considerable possessions even imtil the Cromwellian wars; after which their estates we:
confiscated.— CosNELLAX.



i



1



I






PRINCIPAL FAMILIES OF ULSTER. 827

Eacbach (which signifies the tribe or territory of Eochy), row the barony of " Tull-
aghagh," county Cavan. This sirname is by some rendered " Somers," and " Sum-
mers," from the Irish word " Samhradh" [sovru], which signifies summer. 5. Mac-
Consnamha (snamh : Irish, to sicim; anglicised "Ford" or "Forde"), chief of Clan
Cionnaith or Clan Kenny, now known as the Muintir Kenny mountains and adjoining
districts near Lough Allen, in the parish of Innismagi-ath, county Leitrim. 6. Mac-
Cagadhaiu or MacCogan, chief of Clan Fearmaighe, a district south of Dartry, and in
the present barony of Dromahaire, county Leitrim. O'Brien states that the Mac-
Egans were chiefs of Clan Fearamuighe in Brefney : hence MacCagadhain and Mac-
Egan may, probably, have been the same clan. 7. MacDarcliaidli or MacDarcy,
chief of Cineal Luachain, a district in the barony of Mohill, county Leitrim, from
which the townland of Laheen may be derived. 8. MacFlanncliadlia (rendered Mac-
Clancy), chief of Dartraidhe or Dartry, an ancient territory co-extensive with the
present barony of Ross-Clogher in Leitrim. 9. O'Finn and 0' Carroll,* chiefs of
Calraighe or Calry, a district adjoining Dartry in the present barony of Dromahaire,
and comprehending, as the name implies, an adjoining portion of Sligo, the parish of
" Calry" in that county. 10, MacMaoilliosa or Malliscn, chief of Magh Breacraighe,
a district on the borders of Leitrim and Longford. 11. MacFionnlDhair or Finvar,
chief of Muintir Gearadhain (O'Gearon or O'Gredan), a district in the southern part
of Leitrim. 12. MacRaghnaill or MacRannall (anglicised Reynolds), who were chiefs
of Muintir Eoluis, a territory which comprised almost the whole of the present
baronies of Leitrim, Mohill, and Carrygallen, in the county Leitrim, with a portion
of the north of Longford. This family, like the O'Farrells, princes of Annaly or
Longford, were of the race of Ir or Clan-na-Rory ; and one of their descendants, the
celebrated wit and poet, George Nugent Reynolds, Esq., of Letterfian, in Leitrim, is
stated to have been the author of the beautiful song called "The Exile of Erin,"
though its composition was claimed by Thomas Campbell, author of "The Pleasures
of Hope." 13. 0'Maoi]miadhaigh or Mulvey, chief of Magh Neise or Kisi, a district
which lay along the Shannon in the west of Leitrim, near Carrick-on-Shannon. The
following clans in the counties of Cavan and Leitrim, not given by O'Dugan, are
collected from other sources : 14. MacBradaigh or MacBrady, was a very ancient and
important family in Cavan ; they were, according to MacGeoghagan, a iDranch of the
O'Carrolls, chiefs of Calry. 15. MacGobhain, MacGowan, or O'Gowan {gobha : Irish,
a smith), a name which has been anglicised "Smith," etc., were of the race of Ir ; and
were remarkable for their great strength and bravery. Thus Smith, Smyth, Smeeth,
and Smythe, may claim their descent from the Milesian MacGowan, originally a
powerful clan in Ulidia. 16. MacGioUaduibli, MacGildufiF, or GildufF, chiefs of Teallach
Gairbheith, now the barony of "Tullygarvey," in the county Cavan. 17. Mac-
Talclillgh or MacTilly, chief of a district in the parish of Drung, in the barony of
Tullygarvey. 18. MacCafca or MacCate, a powerful clan originally from Monaghan,
but for many centuries settled in Cavan. 19. O'Sheridan, an ancient clan in the
county Cavan. Richard Brinsley Sheridan, one of the most eminent men of his age,
as an orator, dramatist, and poet, was of this clan. 20. O'Corry was a clan located
about CootehilL 21. O'CIery or Ciarke was a branch of the O'Clerys of Connaught
and Donegal, and of the same stock as the authors of the Annals of the Four Masters.
22. O'Daly and O'Mulligan, were hereditary bards to the O'Riellys. 23. Fitzpatrick, a
clan originally of the Fitzpatricks of Ossory. 24. Fitzsimon, a clan long located in
the county Cavan, are of Anglo-Norman descent, w ho came originally from the English
Pale. 25. O'Farrelly, a numerous clan in the county Cavan. 26. Several other clans
in various parts of Cavan, as O'Murray, MacDounell, O'Conaghy or Conaty,
O'Connell or Connell, MacManus, O'Lynch, MacGilligan, O'Fay, MacGafney, Mac-
Hugh, O'Dolan, O'Drom, etc. 27. And several clans in the county Leitrim, not
mentioned by O'Dugan, as Ma;Gloin of Rossinver ; MacFergus, who were hereditary
■rcnachs of the churches of Rossinver, and whose name lias been anglicised "Fer-
guson ;" O'Cuirnin or Curran, celebrated bards and historians ; MacKenny or Keaney,
vlacCartan, O'Meehan, etc.

*0'Carroll: According to the De La Ponce SISS., "O'CarrolI" of Calry, has been modernized
lac Brady.



828 IRISH PEDIGREES.



(c) The Modern Xobility of Brefney.

Leitrim : The following were the chief settlers to whom large grants of land were
given in the reigns of Elizabeth and James the First : — Hamilton, who erected a
castle at Manorhamilton ; and the family of Villiers, dukes of Buckingham. Skerrard,
in after times baroijis of Leitrim, and the family of Clements are at present earls of
Leitrim.

Cavan : The following have been the noble families in the county Cavan, since the
reign of James the First: — Lambert, earls of Cavan: Maxwell, earls of Farnham ;
Coote, earls of Bellamout ; Pope, earls of Belturbet ; Verney, barons of Belturljet,
Amongst the great landed proprietors, but not resident in the county, were the mar-
quises of Headford, the earls of Annesley, and the earls of Gosford. And among the
lauded proprietors resident in the county have been — the earls of Farnham, thi
families of Burrowes, Clements, Coote, Humphreys, Nesbitt, Pratt, Saunderson
Vei'non, etc.

Cavan is derived from the Irish "Cabhan" (pronounced " Cawan"), which signitie!
a hollow place ; and conesponds with the situation of the town of Cavan, which u
located in a remarkable hollow.

In the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Brefney O'Rourke was, by the lord deputy, Su
Henry Sidney, formed a.d. 1565, into the countj'- Leitrim, and so called from the towr
of Leitrim ; and in the same reign, a.d. 1584, Brefney O'Reilly was, by the lord deputy
Sir John Perrott, formed into a county, and called Cavan, from its chief town. Cavar
was added to Ulster, and Leitrim was left in Connaught.

The name " Leitrim." in Irish Liath-Druim, signifies the Grey Hill : and from th«
town, the county was called Leitrim. as the county Cav^an was called from the towr
of Cavan. Leitrim is Latinized '• Leitrimnia ;" and Cavan, " Cavania."



«l



iy._ANCIENT MEATH. THE PRINCIPAL FAMILIES IN THE
KINGDOM OF MEATH.



I.— IN THE COUNTY MEATH.
(a) The Irish Chiefs and Claxs.

O'DroAN in his Topography says :

" Let us travel around Fodhla CIreland),
Let men proceed to proclaim these tidings ;

From the lands where we now are,
The five provinces we shall in^■estigate.



" We give the pre-eminence to Tara,
Before all the melodious mirthful Gael,

To all its chieftains and its tribes,
And to its just and rightful laws.



f
f



" The princes of Tara I here record : '-'^ •',

The Royal O'Hart, and likewise O'Regan ; f-^

The host \vho purchased the harbours
Were the O'Kelljs and 0'Connoll3's."

The "harbours" here mentioned were those of the river Shannon, bordering oj
the ancient Kingdom of Meath.

The Kingdom of Meath included Bregia and Teffia. The chiefs and clans of the King
dom of Meath, and the territories they possessed, are as follows : 1. 0'Melaghlin, kings o:
Meath. Of this family Murcha was the king of Meath at the time of the Anglo-Nonnar



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