John O'Hart.

Irish pedigrees; or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation (Volume 1) online

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invasion ; whose Kingdom was granted by King Henry the Second to Hugh de Lacey
2. O'li-Airt or O'Hart were princes of Tara ; and when, on the Anglo-Norman invasioc
of Ireland, they were dispossessed of their territories in Bregia or the eastern portion oi


the Kingdom of Meath, they were lords in Teffia* or the western portion of that ancient
Kingdom. Connellan styles O'Eegan, 0' Kelly, and 0' Connolly, princes of Tara ; and
O'Donovan states that they were of the four families who, hy pie-eminence, were known
as the " Four Tribes of Tara."t The princes of Tara were also styled princes of Bregia.J
a territory which extended between the Lififey and Boyne, from Dublin to Drogheda
thence to Kells ; and contained ,the districts about Tara, Trim, Navan, Athboy'
Dunboyne, Maynooth, Lucan, etc. ; the territory comprising these districts and that
part of tEe present county Dublin, north of the river LifFey, was known as " O'Hart'a
Country." 0' Kelly of Bregia were chiefs of Tuath Leighe, parts of the baronies of
West Narragh and Kilkea, in the county Kildare ; they had also the district about
Naas, and had their chief residence and castle at Rathascul or the Moat of Ascul, near
Athy : the territory comprising these districts was known as " O'Kelly's Country."
These O'Kellys are distinct from the O'Kellys of Clan CoUa, who were princes of Hy-
Maine, a territory in Galway and Roscommon. O'Eegan were chiefs of Hy-Eiagain,
now the barony of Tinnehinch in the Queen's County. 3. O'Connolly, respectable famil
lies in Meath, Dublin, and Kildare ; were chiefs in the county Kildare. 4. Q'Ruadhri
or O'Rory, now Rogers, lord of Fionn Fochla in Bregia, 5. O'Fallamhain or Fallon
lord of Crioch-na-gCeadach : so called from OlioU Cedach, son of Cahir Mor, Kin"- of
Leinster, and the I09th Monarch of Ireland. The " Country of the O'Fallons" ^was
near Athlone in the county Westmeath, but they were afterwards driven across the
Shannon into Eoscommon. 6. O'Coindeal-bhain (O'Kendellan, or O'Connellan), princes
of Ibh-Laoghaire or "Ive-Leary," an extensive territory in the present counties of
Meath and Westmeath, which was possessed by the descendants of Leary, Monarch of
Ireland, at the time of St. Patrick. The parish of Castletown Kendellanm Westmeath
ihows one part of this ancient territory, and the townland of Kendellanstown, near
N'avan, shows another part of it. 7. O'Braoin or O'Breen, chief of Luighne, now the
parish of " Leney," in the barony of Corcaree, Westmeath. 8. O'h-Aongusa or O'Hen-
aessy, chief of Hy-Mac-Uais, now the barony of " Moygoish, ' in Westmeath. The
31an-Mac-Uais or MacEvoy, sometimes called MacVeagh and MacVeigh, of the race of
Olan Colla, were the original chiefs of this territory. 9. O'h-Aodlia (anglicised
3'Hughes and O'Hayes), chief of Odhbha (probably " Odra" or " Oddor," in the barony
)f Skrine, near Tara). 10. O'Dubhain or Duane, chief of Cnodhbha, probably " Knowth,"
lear Slane. II. O'h-Ainbeath or O'Hanvey, chief of Fearbhile, now the barony of
'Farbill," in Westmeath. 12. O'Cathasaigh or O'Casey, chief of Saithne, now
•Sonagh," in Westmeath, where one of the castles of De Lacy stood, who conferred that
jroperty on the Tuite family. 13. O'Lochain or O'Loughan, chief of Gailenga, now the
)arish of " Gallen" in the barony of Garrycastle, King's County. 14. O'Donchadha or
)'Donoglioe, chief of Teallach Modharain, probably now " Tullamore, in the King's
bounty. 15. O'Hionradhain, chief of Corcaraidhe, now the barony of " Corcaree" in
Vestmeath. 16. O'Maolmuaidh or O'MuUoy, Prince of Ferceall, comprising the present
aronies of Ballycowen, Ballyboy, and Eglish or ** Fercall," in the King's County. 17.
I'Dubhlaidhe or O'Dooley, chief of Fertullach, the present barony of " Fertullagh," in
Vestmeath. 18. O'Fionnallain or O'Fenelan (of the race of Heber, and tribe of the

- Teffia : Another great division of ancient Meath was called Teabhtha Latinized " Teffia," which
Dmprised the present county Westmeath. with parts of Longford and the King's County ; and was the
initory of Main, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. It was divided into North and South Teffia. North
effia or Cairbre Gabhra (or Gaura) was that portion of Annalj' or the county Longford, about Granard •
id South Teffia comprised the remaining portions of Annaly and Westmeath. '

t The Four Tribes of Tara: "The Four Tribes of Tara, according to the Battle of ' Magh-Rath*
Gloria], page 9, where those -tribes are mentioned, were the families of O'h-Airt [O'Hart] ; O'Ceallaigh
n^elly], of Breagh or Bregia ; O'Conghaile (considered to be O'ConnoUy); and O'Kiagain [O'Eegan].'*
v'l/; 0/ Eights.

t Bregia : The great plain of Meath, which included the greater part of the present counties of

ath and Dublin, was known by the name Magh Breagh {magh breagh: Irish, the magnifcent plain)

-nifying the Plain of Magnificence. It was Latinized "Bregia" and by O'Connor calJed Carnpus

jnitlum or the •' Plain of the Brigantes," from its being possessed by the Brigantes or Clan-na-Brcoghan

1 he descendants of Breoghan (No. 34, page 50), were called. That plain, situated in the eastern part

the ancient kingdom of Meath, comprised five triocha-cheds or baronies, and included Fingal, a

rritory lying along the coast between Dublin and Drogheda. This territory was so called because of a

lony of Norwegians, who settled there in the tenth century, and who were' called by the Irish Fionn

haill, or " Fair-haired Foreigners :" hence the term " Fingal," which was applied to the Norwegians •

lile Dubh Ghaill or " Black Foreigners" was the term applied to the Danes. '

According to Connellan's Four Masters, Bregia, which was a portion of the territors" possessed by

e princes of Tara, presents vast plains ofunbounded fertility : containing about half a million of acres

the finest lands in Ireland.


Dalcassians), lord of Delbhna Mor, now the barony of ''Delvin," in "Westmeath.

19. O'MaoUugacli, chief of Brogha, part of the now baronies of Delvin and Farbill.

20. MacCocMain or MacCoghlan (of the Dalcassians), lord of Dealbhna-Eathra, now the
barony of Garrycastle in the Kinar's County. 21. O'Tolairg or O'Toler and O'Tyler.
chief of Cuircne (cj^ircne ; Irish, the prog :ny of Cuirc, anglicised '• Quirk"), now the
barony of Kilkenny West, in Westmeath. 22. MacEoghagain or MacGsoghagan, Prince i
of Cineal Fiacha, now the barony of Moycashel, with parts of Rathconrath andi
Fertullagh. The MacGeoghagans were one of the principal branches of the Clanl
Colman, and were called Cineal Fiacha, from one of the sons of Xiall of the Xine Hos-fi
tages. 23. MacRuairc or MacRourke, chief of Aicme-Enda, descended from Ennair
Fmn, another son of Niall of the Kine Hostages. This clan was located in the district i
in which is situated the Hill of Uisneach, in the barony of Rathconrath, in Westmeath. f
24. O'Cairbre or O'Carbery, chief of Tuath Binn. 25. O'Heocliadha (O'Heoghey, 0'Hoey.>
O'Howe, etc.), chief of Cineal Aengusa. 26. O'Maelcolain or Q'Mellon, chief of Delvir ■
Beg or Little Delvin adjoining the barony of Delvin.

O'Dugan, in the continuation of his "Topography of Meath, enumerates the different .
chiefs and their territories in Teffia; among whom were the following :

1. Q'Catharnaigli or Q'Kearney. 2. QCuinn or O'Quinn. 3. Q'Confiacala or
O'Convally. 4. O'Lachtnain or O'Loughnan, anglicised Loftus. 5. Q'Mureagain,!
(Murrin or Murrigan). The O'Quinns were chiefs of Muintir Giolgaui, and had their
chief castle at Rathcline, in Longford. The other chiefs were :— 1. O'Flannagain or
O'Flanagan, chief of Comar, which O'Dugan places beside '• O'Braoin's Country."

2. O'Braoin or O'Breen of Breaghmhuine, now the barony of "Brawney"in Westmeath.

3. MaeConmeadlia or Conmy, of Muintir Laodagain. 4, MacAodha or MacHugh, oi .
Muintir Tlamain. 5. MacTaidhg or MacTague, of Muintir Siorthachain. By some oi
the family the name has been anglicised " jMontague." 6. MacAmhailgadli (anglicised -
respectively, Mac Awl ey, Macaulay, Magauley, and MacGawley), chief of Calraidhe oi
Calrigia, a territory on the borders of Westmeath and the King's County ; comprising:,
(according to MacGeoghegan) the barony of Kilcourcy, in the King's County. 7. Mac-
Garghamna (anglicised MacGorgan), of Muintir ^Slaoilsionna. 8. O'Dalaigh or O'Daley^
of Corca Adhaimh or Corcadium, a territory in or contiguous to the barony of Clou-
lonan, in Westmeath. 9. O'Scolaidlie or O'Scully, of Dealbhna larthar or West Delvin.

10. O'Comhraidhe (anglicised O'Corry), of Hy-Mac-Uais or Moygoish in Westmeath.

11. O'Haodha or O'Hea, of Tir Teabtha Shoir or East Teffia. 12.'0'Cearbliaill or O'Car-
roll, of Tara. 13. O'Duin, 0'D03rne, or O'Dunne, of the districts of Tara. 14. MacGiolla
Seachlan or O'Shaughlin, of Deisceart Breagh, now the parish of " Dysart" in West-
meath. 15. O'Ronain or O'Ronayne, of Cairbre Gaura or northern Teffia. 16. Oli-
Aongusa or O'Hennessy, of Galinga Beg,* now the parish of "Gallen" in the King's

The following chiefs and clans in Meath and Westmeath have not been given byp
O'Dugan :— , ^

1. 0'Sionnagli (anglicised Fox), of the southern Hy-Niall, lords of Muintir Tadhgain ,
in Teffia, containing parts of the baronies of Rathconrath and Clonlonan in Westmeath,
with part of the barony of Kilcourcy in the King's County. The head of this family
was distinguished by the title of "The Fox," and obtained large grants of land from
Queen Elizabeth, with the title of Lord of Kilcourcy. 2. O'Malone, a branch of the
O'Connors, Kings of Connaught, who had large possessions in the barony of Brawney, f
in Westmeath. In former times, these chiefs had the title of " Barons of Clan-Malone,"
and afterwards obtained that of "Barons Sunderlin," of Lake Sunderlin, in Westmeath.
3. 0'Fagan, a numerous clan in Meath and Westmeath, of which there were many respect-
able families, the head of which had the title of " Baron of Feltrim," in Fingal. The
following were also clans of note in Westmeath, namely, 4. O'Cobthaidh or O'Coflfey.
5. O'Higgin. And in Meath, O'Loingseach or 0' Lynch. 6. O'Murpiy. 7. O'Murray.
8. O'Brogan, etc. The chiefs and clans of ancient Meath were, with few exceptions, of
the same race as the southern Hy-Niall ; in our days, there are but few fe/milies of note,
descendants of the ancient chiefs and princes of Meath.

* Gcdinga Beg r According to O'Donovan, " Galinga Beg" included Glasnevin, near Dublin, north
of the river Liffey ; but this Galinga Beg could not be the same as the Galinga Beg, in the King's


(6) The New Settlers in Meath.

King Henry the Second having granted to Hugh de Lacy,* for the service of fiftv
Knights, the Kingdom of Meath, De Lacy divided that ancient Kingdom amongst his
various chiefs, who were commonly denominated De Lacy's barons: 1. Hugh Tyrrell
obtained Castleknock, and his descendants were for a long period barons of Castle-
knock. 2. Gilbert de Angulo (or Nangle) obtained Magherigallen, now the baronv
of "Morgallion," in Meath. 3. Jocelin, son of Gilbert Nangle, obtained Navun
and Ardbraccan. The Nangles were afterwards barons of Navan; and many of
them took the Irish name of "MacCostello," and from them the barony of Codello in
Mayo derived its name. 4. William de Mis sett obtained Luin ; and his descendants
were barons of Lune, near Trim. 5. Adam Feipo or Phepoe obtained Skrine or Skryne
Santreff or Santry, and Clontorth (which means either Clonturk or Clontarf). This
family had the title of barons of Skrine, which title afterwards passed to the family of
Marward. 6. Gilbert FitzThomas obtained the territories about Kenlis ; and his
descendants were barons of " Kells." 7. Hugh de Hose obtained Dees or the 'baronv of
*'Deece," in Meath. 8. Hussey, barons of Galtrim. 9. Richard and Thomas Fleming
obtained Crandon and other districts. The Flemings became barons of Slane • and a
branch of the family, viscounts of Longford. 10. Adam DuUard or DoUard obtained
Dullenevarty. 11. Gilbert de Nugent obtained Delvin ; and his descendants were
barons of Delvin, and earls of Westmeath. 12. Richard Tuite obtained large "rants in
Westmeath and Longford ; his descendants received the title of barons of Moyashell in
Westmeath. 13. Robert de Lacy received Rath wire in Westmeath, of which his descen-
dants were barons. 14. Jeoflfrey de Constantine received Kilbixey, in Westmeath of
which his descendants were barons. 14. William Petit received Castlebreck and
Magheritherinan, now the barony of " Magheradernon" in Westmeath. The Petits
became barons of MuUingar. 15. Myler Fitzhenry obtained Magherneran, Rathkenin
and Athinorker, now " Ardnorcher." 16. Richard de La chapelle, brother of Gilbert
Nugent, obtained "much land."

(c) The Modern Nobility ix Meath.

The following families settled in Meath in early times : — 1. De GenevUle succeeded
the De Lacys as lords of Meath : and afterwards the great family of Mortimer earls of
March in England. 2. Plunket became earls of Fingal ; and branches of them barons of
Dunsaney, and earls of Louth. 3. Preston, viscounts Gormanstown ; and another branch
Df them viscounts of Tara. 4. BarnwaU, barons of Trimblestown, and viscounts
Kingsland. 5. Neterville, barons of Dowth. 6. BeUew, barons of Duleek.f 7. Darcy
of Flatten, some of whom were barons of Navan. The family of Jones were afterwards

• Eugh deLacy : The De Lacys (see the " Lacy" pedigree) came from Normandy with William the
/Onqueror, and were earls of Lincoln in England. Hugh de Lacy came to Ireland with Kin"- Henrv the
second, a.d. 1171, and obtained from tiiat monarch a grant of the whole kingdom of Meath" as already
nentioned. He was lord palatine of Meath, and many j-ears chief governor of Ireland ' He erected
mmerous castles, particularly in Meath and Westmeath, as those of Trim, Kells, Ardnorcher Durrow
|tc., and endowed some monasteries. He is thus described in Holingshed ;— " His eyes were dark and
leep-set, his neck short, his stature small, his body hairy, not fleshy, but sinewj', strong and compact • a
'ery good soldier, but rather harsh and hasty." It appears from Hanmer and others, that he was an
.ble and poUtic man in state affairs, but very ambitious and covetous of wealth and great iiossessions •
le 18 also represented as a famous horseman. De Lacy's second wife was a daughter of Kin* - Roderick
) Connor ; and his descendants, the De Lacys, were lords of Meath, and earls of Ulster, and founded many
owerful families in Meath, Westmeath, and Louth, and also in Limerick, some of whom were distin^-ui^hed
aarshals in the service of Austria and Russia. The castle of Dearmagh or "Durrow," in the^Kin^-'s
jOunty, was erected by De Lacy on the site of a famous monastery of St. Columkille, which he had
brown down ; and his death was attributed by the uneducated Irish to that circumstance as a judgment
com Heaven. The man who killed De Lacy fled to his accomplices in the wood of Clair or " Clara''-" but
jappears from MacGeoghegan and others, that the Irish attacked and put to the s\vord the EiWlish
etmue at the castle of Durrow, and that having got De Lacy's body into their possession, they concealed
; nearly ten years, when, a.d. 1195, it was interred with great pomp in the abbey of Bective, in Meath-
lathew O'Heney, Archbishop of Cashel, and John Comyn, Archbishop of DubUn, attendiu"' at the
;remony.— CoNNELLAN. o ^Hi tuo

t Duleek: This word is in Irish "Doimhliag," signifying a house made of stonei This village was
•rraerly a parliamentary borough ; and in early times was the seat of a small dioces afterwards united
' the see of Meath


barons of Navan. 8. Cusack, barons of Clonmullen. 9. FitzEustace (see tbe " Eustace''
pedigree), barons of Portlester 10. Ds Bathe of Athcarn. II. Dowdall, of Atblumney.
12. Fleming, of Stalbomock. 13. Betagh (or Beatty), of Moynalty. 14. Cniise, oi
Cruisetown and Cruise-Rath, etc. 15. Drake, of Drake-Rath. 16. Corbally. 17. Everard
IS. Cheever, some of whom had the title of barons of Mount Leinster. 19. Dardis,
20. Delahoyd. 21. Balfife. 22. Berford or Bedford. 23. Caddell. 24. Scurlock oi
Sherlock. 25. Dillon. In modern times the following families : — 26. Brabazon, earle
of Meath. 27. Butler, barons of Dunboyne. 28. Wharton, Baron of Trim. 29. Schom
berg. Viscount Tara. 30. Cholmondeiey (modernized "Chomley"), Viscount Kells.
31. Hamilton, Viscount Boyne. 32. CoUey Welsley or Wellesley, of Dangan, Earl oi
Momington, afterwards Marquis Wellesley, and Duke of Wellington. 33. Taylor, earl?
of Bective, and marquises of Headfort. 34. Bligh, earls of Damley. 35. The Marquis
Conyngham. at Slane. 36. Langford Rowley, Baron of Summerhill. 37. Gerard, Garnet
Barnes, Lambert, Nappier of Loughcrew, Waller, Tisdall or Tiesdale, Winter, Cod-
dington, Nicholson, and Thomson, respectable families in modern times in Meath.


(c) The Modern Nobility.

In Westmeath the following families were located, together with those alread}
enumerated : — 1. The Dillons were originally of Irish descent, and of the race o:
Heremon. Their ancestor (see the " Dillon" pedigree) was descended from a branch o:
the southern Hy-Niall, in Meath ; went to France, in the seventh century ; and, beinj
a famous warrior, became Duke of Aquitaine. One of his descendants came to Irelanc
with King John, and got large grants of land in Westmeath and Annaly ; his descen
dants were lords of Drumrany, in the barony of Kilkenny West ; and having foundec
many great families in Meath and Connaught, became earls of Roscommon, viscount)
Dillon in jNIayo, barons of Clonbrock, and barons of Kilkenny West ; and several of then
were counts and generals in the French and Austrian Service. 2. Dalton, and Delamer<
obtained large possessions in Westmeath and Annaly. The chief seat of the Daltoni
was at Mount Dalton, in the barony of Rathconrath, of which they were lords ; an(
some of them were distinguished in the service of foreign states. 4. Dease, in Meath
and Westmeath. In more modern times the following families had titles in Westmeath
5. Rochford, earls of Belvidere. 6. De Ginkell, earls of Athlone.

In Meath, up to very recently, the following baronets were located : — Sir Willian
Somerville, Sir Henry Meredith, Sir Francis Hopkins, Sir Charles Dillon ; and ii
Westmeath the following : Sir Percy Nugent, and Count Nugent, Sir Richard Nagle
Sir John Bennet Piers, Sir Richard Levinge, and Sir John O'Rielly or O'Reilly.

Ancient Meath constituted the chief part of the English Pale,* and was dividec
into the counties of East Meath and Westmeath, in the reign of Henry the Eighth
but its extent w^as diminished, as East Meath in early times contained parts of Dublii
and Kildare, and Westmeath contained parts of Longford and King's County.



Anghaile or "Annaly," which was formed out of the ancient territory of Teflfia,
comprised the whole of the county Longford, and was the principality of O'Farrell
His chief residence was the town of "Longford," anciently called Longphort-Ui-
Fhearghail or the Fortress of O'Farrell. This territory was divided into Upper and
Lower Annaly : the former comprising that part of Longford south of Granard, and a
part of the county Westmeath, was possessed by O'Farrell O'Buidhe (or O'Farrell the
Yellow) ; the latter, or that portion north of Granard, was possessed by O'Farrell Ban

* English Pale- The " English Pale" meant that part of Ireland occupied by the English settlers
In A.D. 1603. the distinction between the " Pale" and the " Irish Country" terminated, by the submissioi
of Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone.


(or O'Farrell the Fair). The O'Farrella were dispossessed of the eastern portion of
this territory by the Tuites and the Delameres, who came over with Hugh de Lacy in
the twelfth century.

(a) The Ibish Chiefs and Clans of Longfoed.

Besides the O'Farrells, princes of Annaly,the following were among the ancient clans
in the county Longford : 2. O'Cuinn or O'Quinn, who had bis castle at Rathcline. There
was also a powerful family of the O'Quinns in the county Clare (see "Thomond"), distinct
from this family in Annaly. 3. MacGilligan. 4. Muintir (or people of) MegioUgain
(Magillan or Magellan) were located in the territory of Muintir Eoluis, in the northern
portion of the county Longford ; and their chief was O'Quinn, 5. O'Mulfinny or Mul
Feeney, whose district was called Corcard. 6. MacCormack. 7. MacCorgabhan.
8. O'Daly. 9. O'Slaman or O'Slevin. 10. O'SkoUy or O'Skelly. The O'Farrells main-
tained their sovereignty till the reign of Elizabeth ; when Annaly was formed into the
county Longford, by the lord deputy iSir Henry Sidney.

(c) The Modern Nobility of Longford,

In modern times the following families have formed the nobility of Annaly : —
1. Anngier, earls of Longford ; afterwards Fleming ; aud next Pakenham. 2. Lane,
earls of Lanesborough, and next Butler. 3. Gore were earls of Annaly. 4. The family
of Forbes are now earls of Granard.


(a) The Irish Chiefs and Clans.

The following accounts of the ancient chiefs of the territories now forming
the counties of Dublin and Kildare, together with some of the princes and chiefs of
Meath (of whom a full account has not been given in the Chapter on '* Meath")
have been collected from the Topographies of O'Dugan, O'Heerin, the Annals
of the Four Masters, O'Brien, O'Halloran, MacGeoghegan, Ware, O'Flaherty,
Charles O'Connor, Seward, and various other sources. As already mentioned,
O'Connor, princes of Offaley ; O'Moore, princes of Leix ; O'Dempsey, lords of
Clanmaliere, all possessed parts of Kildare. The O'Tooles, princes of Imaile, in
Wicklow, also possessed some of the southern parts of Kildare ; and the O'Tooles,
together with the O'Bymes, extended their power over the southern parts of Dublin,
comprising the districts in the Dublin mountains — 1. MacFogarty, lords of South
Bregia, are mentioned by the Four Masters in the tenth century. 2. O'Ciardha or
O'Carey, chiefs of Cairbre O'Ciardha, now the barony of " Carbery" in the county

* Dublin: The grant of the Kingdom of Meath by King Henry the Second to Hugh de Lacy, a.d
1172, included that part of Bregia, containing those parts of the present county Dublin, north of the
river Liffey. This grant, King John confirmed to Walter de Lacy, lord of Meath, the son of Hugh ;
and gave him, besides, his fees in Fingal, to hold to him and his heirs for ever.

Parts of the territories of Moy Liflfey and Bregia, with a portion of Cualan (or Wicklow), were
formed into the county Dublin, a.d. 1210, in the reign of King John. In the sixteenth century,
iccording to D' Alton's " History of Dublin," the county Dublin extended from Balrothery to Arklow
—thus comprising a great part of the present county Wicklow.

+ Kildare : In the reign of King John, parts of the territories of Moy Liffey, Offaley, Leix, and
3iiakin, were formed into the coimty Kildare ; but it was only a " liberty" dependent on the jurisdiction
»f the Sheriffs of Dublin, tmtil a.d. 1296, in the reign of Edward the First, when Kildare was consti-
■Bted a distinct county. It was called Coill-Dara, or the "Wood of Oaks," as oak forests abounded
itere in ancient times ; or, according to others, Cill- Bar a or the "Church of the Oaks," as it is said
hat the first church foimded at the present town of Kildare was built amidst oak trees.

o G


Kildare. 3. O'Murcain or O'Murcan. 4. O'Bracain or O'Bracken, chiefs of Moy Liffej
The O'Murcans and 'Brackens appear to have possessed the districts along the LiffeyJ
near Dublin. 5. O'Gealbhroin, chiefs of Clar Liffe, or the Plain of the Liffey, a territoi
on the borders of Dublin and Kildare. 6. O'Fiachra, chiefs of Hy-Ineachruis
Almhuin [Allen] ; and O'Haodha or O'Hea, chiefs of Hy-Deadhaidh : territories com-)
prised in the county Kildare, 7. O'Mnirtlie or O'Murtha, chiefs of Cineal Flaitheamhuinl
(or Clan Fleming) ; and O'Fiutighearan, chiefs of Hy-Mealla : territories also situated
in the county Kildare, it would appear in the baronies of East and "West Ophaley or
Offaley. 8. O'Cullin or O'Cullen, chiefs of Coille Culluin (or the Woods of Cullen), now
the barony of *' Kilcullen" in the county Kildare. 9. O'Colgan, MacDonnell,
O'Dempsey, and O'Dunn, were all chiefs of note in Kildare. 10. O'Dubthaigh or
O'Duffy, one of the Leinster clans of the race of the Monarch Cahir Mor ; and of the
same descent as MacMorough, kings of Leinster, and O'Toole and O'Byme, chiefs of