all grace, in faith, love, submission to the will of God, zeal for his
glory, and compassion for the souls of men in their highest degree.
Obs. VII. If he went so through his suffering, and was victorious
in the issue, we also may do so in ours, through his assistance, who is
the author and finisher of our faith. — Arid,
Obs. VIII. We have in this instance, the highest proof that faith
can conquer both pain and shame. — Wherefore,
Obs. IX. We should neither think strange of them, nor fear them on
the account of our profession of the gospel, seeing the Lord Jesus hath
gone before, in the conflict with them, and conquest of them.
Especially considering what is added in the last place, as to the fruit
and event of his sufferings, namely, that he is set down at the right
hand of the throne of God, in equal authority, glory, and power with
God in the rule and government of all. For the meaning of the words,
see the exposition of ch. i. 3, viii. 1.
In the whole we have an exact delineation of our Christian course in
a time of persecution ; 1 . In the blessed example of it, which is the
sufferings of Christ. 2. In the assured consequent of it, which is eter-
nal glory. If we suffer with him, we shall also reign with him. 3. In
a direction for the right successful discharge of our duty, which is the
exercise of faith on Christ himself for assistance, 1st. As a sufferer and
a Saviour. 2ndly. As the author and finisher of our faith. 4. An in-
timation of the great encouragement which we ought to fix on under
all our sufferings ; namely, the joy and glory that are set before us, a
the issue of them.
Ver. 3. — And the apostle carries on the same argument, with re-
spect to an especial improvement of it, in this verse.
Ver. S. — AvaXoyuracrSt yap tov TOiavrr\v viro/mefxev^KOTa vtro tiov
o/japrwXwv tig avrov avriXoyiav, Iva /urj Ka}j.r)T£, raig \pvyaig vfitov
AvaXoyiaaaSe. Syr. rtrr, ' see,' ' behold.' Vul. Recogitate. Rhem.
VER. 3.] EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS.
' Thiak diligently on,' not unfitly. Bcz. Reputate quis ille sit, '
ing,' 'reckoning,' 'judging who lie is,' referring it to the pers>.
rap. Vul. Enim. Syr. ^OfT, 'therefore,' for in some copies of the
Greek, it is ovv ; but when yap is a note of inference, from what was
said, and not redditive of the reason of what was said, it is better ren-
dered in Latin by nam, than enim, and includes the force of ow,
Toiavrtiv avTiXoyiav. Syr. N733. Quantum or quanta, ' how great
things,' referring to the suffering of Christ. And indeed avnXoyia,
signifies not only a contradiction in words, but an opposition in things
also, or else the translator quite left out this word, rendering roiavTt)v,
by ned. Vul. Talem contradictionem, ' such contradiction.'
'Y7to r(ov ctfiapTojXwv. Syr. yon Nnarr p, 'from those wicked ones,'
referring it to them by whom he was crucified.^
E N^mpD nrr "pirn, ' who were ene-
mies,' or ' adversaries to their own souls,' intimating the ruin that the
persecutors of him brought on themselves.
*Iva fir] k«juj)7-£. Syr. "pr^ pNn n^t, ' That you be not weary,' that
it be not irksome to you. Vul. Lat. Ut ne fatigemini. Rhem. ' That
you be not wearied,' in a passive sense : fatiscatis, ' faint not.'
E»cAuo/.tfvot. Deficientes, fracti, remissi, ' faint,' ' be broken in your
minds.' We read the words, 'lest you be wearied and faint in your
minds;' but 'and' is not in the original; and the introduction of it
leads from the sense of the words. For that which is exhorted against,
is expressed in /cajuyre, ' to be wearied,' or faint ; and the other words
express the cause of it, which is the sinking of our spirits, or the break-
ing of our resolution, or fainting in our minds.
Ver. 3. — For consider him (call things to account concerning him)
that, endured such (so great) contradiction of sinners against him-
self, that you be not xoearied through fainting in your minds.
The introduction of the close of this exhortation, from the looking
unto Jesus, is by yap ; this renders not a reason of what was spoken
before, but directs to an especial motive to the duty exhorted to. Some
copies read ovv, ' therefore,' in a progressive exhortation.
The peculiar manner of the respect of faith to Christ is expressed
by avaXoyiaaaSs, which we render ' consider.' So we are directed to
' consider him,' ch. iii. 1. But there in the original, it is KaTavorjaaTe,
a word of another form, used again, ch. x. 24. So we also render
ZciopeiTe, ch. vii. 4. This word is nowhere else used in the New Tes-
tament AvaXoyia, from whence it is taken, is used once only, Rom.
xii. 6; where we render it 'proportion,' ' the proportion of faith :' and
so is the word used in mathematical sciences, whereunto it doth belong ;
the due proportion of one thing to another. So as the verb is to
compare things by their due proportion one to another. Whether they
respect the person of Christ, or his sufferings., we shall see immedi-
o o 2
AN EXPOSITION OF THE [CH. XII.
., object of this consideration is, ■ him that endured.' Of this en-
f g we spake in the verse foregoing. But whereas mention is made
iiim who endured, and of what lie endured, we must inquire where
Me emphasis lies, that determines the object of the computation by pro-
portion, whereunto we are directed, though neither of them be ex-
In the first way, the force of the apostle's exhortation is taken from
the person of Christ, in the latter from his sufferings. As, 1. Consider
him ; qualis sit ; make a just estimate between him and us. If he suf-
fered, if he endured such things, why should we not do so also ? For
he was the Son of God, the author and finisher of our faith. He had
all glory and power in his own hand. And as to the event of his suf-
ferings, is set down at the right hand of God. Compute thus with
yourselves, that if he, being so great, so excellent, so infinitely exalted
above us, yet endured ^ich contradiction of sinners, ought we not so
to do if we be called thereunto.
In the latter way, supposing the proposal of his person to us, in the
foregoing verse, he calls us to the consideration of what he suffered in
particular, as to the contradiction of sinners ; ' such,' so greatcontra-
diction. And the word is applied to all manner of oppositions, and not
to contradiction only, and so may include all the sufferings of Christ.
These he calls us to consider, by comparing our own with them. And
this sense the following words incline to, ' For you have not yet re-
sisted unto blood,' as he did.
But although these things are thus distinguished, yet are they not to
be divided. Both the person of Christ, and what he suffered, are pro-
posed to our diligent consideration and computation of them, with
respect to us and our sufferings. There is in this verse,
1. A caution against, or a dehortation from, an evil that is contrary
to the duty exhorted to, and destructive of it, ' that you be not wea-
2. The way whereby we may fall into this evil, and that is, by fainting
in our minds.
3. The means to prevent it, and to keep us up to our duty, which is
the diligent consideration of the Lord Christ, whom we are to look to ;
and that, 1 . As to the excellency of his person ; 2. As to his sufferings
in one peculiar way, of enduring the contradiction of sinners. 3. As
to the greatness of that contradiction, 'such contradiction,' or so
4. The force of this consideration to that end is to be explained.
First. That which we are cautioned about is, ha fxr\ ica/i^TS. ' that
we be not wearied.' K«juvw, is ' to labour,' so as to bring on weari-
ness ; and ' to be sick,' which is accompanied with weariness, James
v. 15, Secret rov Ka/ivovra, 'shall save the sick;' and 'to be spent
with labour,' so as to give over; so here, and Rev. ii. 3, in which places
alone the word is used. KfK/urjicoTEc, in war and games for victory, are
opposed to eucjurjree, ' those that are courageous and successful ;' signi-
fying such as despond, faint, and give over. Lucian. in Hermit. K«t
£OTt TOVTO OV JLUKpa £VTV\ld TOV (i6\t}TOV, TO fXiWilV CtK/iJjra TOIQ KiKfXr)-