colours of the regiment, which the enemy had vainly hoped to present
as trophies to the Peishwa.
'^ In concluding these details the Com. Officer begs to offer to Capt.
Staunton and the whole of the European and Native commissioned,
and non-commissioned officers and privates engaged at Corygaum, his
best thanks for their noble exertions, and exemplary patience under
every species of privation ; which he will not fail to bring to the notice
of Government and his Exc. the Com.-in-Chief. The Commanding
Officer deems it proper to record the names of the officers engaged in
this brilliant affair.
" Madras art. Lieut. Chisholm, (killed) ; Assist. Surg. Wyldie. 2d
batt. 1st reg. Capt. Staunton, commanding detachment ; Lieut and
Adj. Pattinson, (wounded, since dead); Lieut. Connellon, (wounded);
Lieut* Jones, 10th reg. doing duty 2d batt. 1st reg. ; Assist. Surg. Win-
gate, (killed). Auxiliary horse, Lieut* Swanston, Madras establish-
" The Gov. in Council entirely concurs in the opinions expressed
by the Brig.-Gen. in these general orders, and he cannot in belter terms
convey his sense of the intrepidity displayed by this detachment, than
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
by reciting the observation of the Brig.-Gen. in his official report to
the Resident at Poonah, that the action of Corygaum was one * of the
most brilliant affairs ever achieved by any army, in which the Euro-
MILITARY CALEHDAR. 101
pean and Native soldiers displayed the most noble devotion and most
romantic bravery under the pressure of thirst and hunger, almost be-
yond human endurance*'
" His Exc. the Com.-in-Chief is requested to convey to Capt. Staun-
ton, commanding the detachm^it, to Lieuts. Jones and Connellon, of
the Sd batt. 1st reg* and to the Native commissioned and non-com-
missioned officers, and privates who survived the late arduous and
glorious contest, the thanks of Government for their distinguished ser-
vices on that occasion. The Gov.-in-Council laments that so splendid
a triumph should have been attended with so severe a loss as that
shewn in the return of the killed and wounded ;* though, considering
the great disparity of numbers, the length of the contest, the fatigues
and privations of the detachment, it is to be wondered the loss was
not more severe. The Govu-in-Council, desirous of conferring on this
corps some signal mark of the favour and approbation of the Gov^n-
ment, directs that the 2d batt. of the first reg. be placed on the same
distinguished footing as the Isl batt which has, for many years, in
consideration of its gallant services, been designated the Grenadier
BaltaUon, and that the two battahons be henceforth called the 1st or
" Corygaum, the scene of its late exploit, is to be incribed on the
colours of the 2d batt. of the Grenadiers, and on the appointments of
the officers and men, in addition to any other which may have been
heretofore granted. The Com.-in-Chief is requested to obtain correct
returns of the widows and children of the several Native officers and
soldiers killed in action, or who have since died of their wounds, in
order that they may be provided for under the estabtished regulations
" By the Commander in Chief y Bombay y Feb. Qthy 1818.
" In publishing to the army the foregoing Government general
orders of the 7th inst. detaihng the battle of Corygaum, His Exc. the
Com.-in-Chief cannot deny himself the gratification of adding his ap-
* Sixty- two killed, and 11 .3 wounded, exclasi?e of aaxiliary horse.
piau^aiKl aldbairadoDof Ifaebmve^ Staunton and the
whole of the detachment engaged in that glorious contest. The weU-
established fame and foraier services of the 2d batt.* Ist reg. N. I: were
alonfer sufficient proofs of what might be expected from such a corps
even tinder the most trjring circumstances, but the noble devotion
<ii»piayed at Corjgaum places in the most flatti^ing point of view the
iciMtracter of tiie Bombay infantry. I^e Com.-io-Cbief feels more
tiumorcfiBary satisfaction in performing the pleasing duty a^gned to
bim by government of conveying to Capt Staunton, Lieuts. Jones
aoki Gonndlon, the Native commissioned, non-commissioned officers
a&d privates of the 2nd batt. 1st or grenadier reg., the sentiments of
higti approbation and thanks which the Right Hon. the Gov. in coimcil
has been pleased to express, and in wMch the Lieut.-Gen. most cor-
dially and perfectly concurs, whilst he congratulates them most sin-
<»rdy on the distinguished honours conferred on the battalion, in com-
foemoration of their heroic bmvery at Corygaum. His £xc. Sir M.
Nightiogall cannot conclude this public expression of his sentiments
without pajring a well-merited tribute of applause to the memory of
Lieut, and Adj* Pattinson, and Assist.-Surg. Wingate, in whom the
service has sustained a severe public loss.
" The officer commanding the 2nd batt. Ist or grenadier reg., will
be phased to transmit to the Adj.-Gen/s office, without delay, a cor-
feot return of the widows and children of the several native officers
taiKl'9oldiez*s killed in the action, or who may have to be provided
for as ditiected by the regulation of government. A correct nominal
vetom of the Native commissioned and non^-commissioned officers,
drummers and privates, who were present at Corygaum, and sur-
vived the action, to be likewise transmitted without delay to the
Adj. -Gen. of the army.''
'* By the Honourable the Vice-President in Council.
, '' Fort William, March 19f IS16.
" The despatch, of which the following is a copy, addressed by his
Exc. Sir T. Hislop, to his Exc. the most noble the Gov.-Gen., on
MILITARY OALEITDAR. 103
die subject of the brilliant exploit achieved by the detachment under
the command of Capt, Staunton of : the 2nd batt.'^of the Ist reg.
Bombay N. I, at Gorygaum, On the ist Jan. last, having been re^
ceived at the presidency since the dale of the governnM^nt gaaette of
the 5th inst., in which the details of that memorable victory were iniK
serted, is now ordered by the Hon. thfe Vice-President ia council to
be pubii£;hed for general information, together with the gaieralorden
issued under the authorfty of his Exc. Sir'T. Hislop on the occasimv
omitting such parts as have already beefn officially communicated* to
" To his Excellency the Marquess of Hasthigs^ Govemor-Generaly ^.
" Head'QuarterSy Army of the Deccan.
" My Lord,— I have extraordinary satisfaction in transmitting,
for the information of your Lordship, the official details of one of
the most heroic* actions which has ever been fought and gained by
a handful of men over a large army. The accompanying transcript
of Brig.-Gen. Smith's despatch, and of the general order which I
yesterday published to the army on this brilliant occasion, will place
your Lordship in full possession of the particulars of the battle, in
which the 2nd batt. of the 1st reg. of Bombay N. I., aided by a
small party of Madras artil.-men, with two six-pounders, and about
three hundred auxiliary horse, have nobly sustained, during a wliote
day, and finally repulsed, the unceasing and vigorous efforts of -the
Peishwa^s army, under circumstances of peculiar difficulty and pri*
vation, which render the exploit altogether unparallelled. I need not
again in this place recapitulate the names of the officers who have
aided the intrepid Capt. Staunton in gaining the victory of Cory-
* The fouDdatioa-stone of a mooument, destined to perpetuate the defence of CorygauiQx
was laid on the 26th March 1821. A brass-plate, with the following inscription — " This
Foundation-Stone was laid, Anno Domini 1821, by the Most Noble the Marquess of
Hastings, Governor-General of India, and the Honourable Mountstuart Elphinstone, Go*
▼ernor of Bombay/' — was deposited in the foundation-stone, with a few British coiiis^ and
1 scroll of parchment containing the names of the persons present at the ceremony.
104 THS BAST INDIA
gaum ; their individual merits are brought to your Lordship's notice
in the accompanying documents, and they will be certain to receive
from their government and their country, that admiration of, and
gratitude for their devoted gallantry, to which they are so highly en-
titled. I most sincerely congratulate your Lordship on an event
which has, if possible, heightened the renown of the Indian army,
and from which I cannot but anticipate results of the highest political
importance, since such a defeat must inevitably tend to paralyse the
future exertions of the enemy, and prove to him the hopelessness
of continuing a war with any success against a power which has
such troops to oppose to him. (Signed) " T. Hislop, Lieut.-Gen.
" Camp at Mehidpoor, Jan. 23, 1818/'
" By the Commander^n^Chief.
" Head^Quarters of the Army of the Deccan.
" It is with feelings of inexpressible gratification, that the Com,-in-
Chief has to announce one of the most heroic and brilliant achieve-
ments ever recorded in the annals of the army, which took place at
Corygaum, between Seroor and Poonah, on the 1st inst. The official
details of this glorious affair reached the Com. -in-Chief yesterday, in
a despatch from Brig.-Gen. Lionel Smith, C. B. commanding the 2nd
or Poonah division of the army of the Deccan ; and his £xc* is pleased
to publish the Brig.-Gen.'s orders issued on the occasion, that the
army may be placed in full possession of every particular of an event
displaying so bright and distinguished an example of devoted courage
and admirable constancy.
" The Com-in-Chief having published the foregoing order, in the
sentiments of which he most cordially participates, feels unable to do
greater justice to Capt Staunton and his gallant detachment; but in
conveying to that officer and his brave troops the expression of his
thanks and highest admiration, his Exc. entreats them to believe, that
the distinguished intrepidity and enduring fortitude they have so nobly
shewn, under circumstances of the most trying privation, will for ever
remain deeply impressed upon his heart, and be recorded as one of
MILITARY CALENDAR. 105
the brightest deeds in the annals of our Indian history. It will be his
Exc/s most gratifying duty immediately to bring to the special notice
of his Exc. the most noble the Gov.-Gen., and Com. -in-Chief in India,
the particulars of this brilliant and glorious event.
(Signed) " T. H. S. Conway, Adj.-Gen. of the Army.
" Camp near Mehidpoor, Wed. Jan. 21, 1818.''
" By the Most Noble the Marquess of Hastings.
" Head-Quarters^ Camp Byramghout^ ISth March 1818.
" The Com. -in-Chief of all the forces in India, having received
the official details of the action at Corygaum, is pleased to direct
that they shall be entered into every orderly-book of the Bengal
army, to remain a recorded proof of what may be achieved by dis-
ciplined intrepidity against even the persevering courage of im-
mensely superior numbers. His Lordship offers his applause and
thanks lo Capt. Staunton, and Lieuls. Connellon, Jones (lOlh reg.),
and Swanson, and Assist.-Surg. Wylie of the Madras establishment,
and to the native officers, non-commissioned officers, and men, of the
several corps which participated in the glorious defence of the village
against the Peishwa's army.
(Signed) *' J. Nicoll, Adjut-Gen.''
" Head-Quarters, Goruckpore, May ^1, 1818.
" Sir, — I am instructed by the Marquess of Hastings to apprize
you of your having been nominated an honorary aid-de-camp to the
Gov.-Gen. as a mark of his lordship's high approbation of the un-
daunted gallantry, steady perseverance, and cool judgment, which so
eminently distinguished your conduct, in the memorable action of the
1st Jan. last, at Corygaum. This appointment will neither interfere
with your present duties, or entail the necessity of your joining his
lordship's head-quarters ; it is meant as purely honorary, and will give
you no other privilege but that of being considered as a detached
106 THS EAST INDIA
branch of his IcH^ship's family, and af wearing the uniform of his
Excellency's staff, when not on duty with your regiment.
(Signed) " C H. Doyle, Lieut-Col. & Mil. Sec.
" To Capt. Stauntany ind jB- 1st Reg. Bombay iV. //'
LIEUT..COL. SIR THOMAS RAMSAY, Bart.
In 1782 this officer served as a volunteer in the 6th batt. of Bengal
N. I. then forming part of the Bengal detachment, on actual service
in the west of India, under the command of Lieut.-CoL Charles
Morgan, successor to Gen. Goddard, with which he remained until
1786, when he became a supernumerary on the reduced establishment
introduced by Lord Cornwallis, under whose government he served
upwards of four years on the reduced pay of his rank. The above
detachment, which left the Bengal provinces in 1778, consisted of
six battalions of N. I. two of N. C. and a field train : they quitted
their temporary cantonments in the vicinity of Surat on the 3rd Nov.
1783, marched through the Mahratta country, and encamped on the
banks of the Jumna, near Etya, on the 10th March following, when
the several corps were ordered to their destination. The 6th batt.
to which Sir Thomas was attached, commanded by Capt Archdeacon,
was immediately ordered on actual service to Kyrabad in the Vizief's
provinces, at that time in a state of rebellion ; but it proceeded no
further than Lucknow, from whence it shortly after returned to the
cantonments at Caunpoor.
In 1790 he volunteered to serve with the late Col. CockerelFs de-
tachment, which marched by land from Bengal to the Carnatic, and
partook of the whole of Lord Cornwallis and Gen. Medow's cam-
MILITARY CALENDAR. 107
pains in Mysore : Sir Thomas was present at the nig^ attlick of Feb.
6 J 1793, on Tippoo^s lines : he served in the Bengal detadbment^ and
was attached to the battalion commanded by Capt. Ardbdeacon, and,
on the fall of that officer, by Capt. (the lake Maj^-Gen.. Sir/Hfenry)
White, he had the honour of receiving, in common vnth the detach-
ment that was engaged in the morning attack, the thanks of LiMrd
Comwaliis for his conduct on that occasion. He was immediately
after detached with an escort from Sibbald's redoubt in quest of Gapt*
Dugald Campbell, in command of his Majesty's 74th R^. with the
parole of Bangalore, by order of Capt. White, to obviate any mistake
from the darkness of the night in forming a junction,* Tippoo's troops
having reassembled. To accomplish this service^ Sir Thomas had to
pass through the enemy's encampments, and having distovered the
74th, he immediately gave the signal word, " Bangalore," which
being shouted by the regiment, it was shortly after joined by three
companies of the 6th N. I. under Capt* White, and a detachment of
the 52nd regiment.
Sir Thomas continued to serve with Col. Cockerell's detachment
until the peace of Seringapatam, when he returned by land with the
detachment, after three years' absence from Bengal. On his promo-
tion to the rank of lieut. Lord ComwaUis was pleased to order him
to proceed to die Andaman islands, in command of the troops of that
settlement, where he remained two years. He returned to Bengal in
1796 in a bad state of health, and in Sept. 1799 was removed from
the native branch of the service to the Bengal European Reg. and
performed the duties of adjut. to that corps, until he obtained the rank
of capt. regimentally, in Sept. 1804, when he marched with his corps
from Dinapore to the province of Bundlecund, then suffering from the
depredations of Holkar and his followers.
Sir Thomas was in actual service in Bundlecund, under the com-
mand of Col. Peregrine Powell and Lieut.-Col. Fawcit, from Dec.
1803 until June 1804, when his corps was ordered into cantonments
at Allahabad. In Nov. 1804 he marched with the European Reg.
from Allahabad to Muttra, and from thence proceeded with the army
108 TH£ BAST INDIA
under Lmtl Lake to Bartpore. He was wounded in the trenches be*
fore that place on the 7th Jan. 1805, and was incapacitated from
Airther duty until the 20th of the following month. Oh the fourth
and last fruidess attack on the above fortress, commanded by Col.
Monson, of his Majesty's 76th Reg. Sir Thomas commanded the Hght
company of the European Reg. during the storm, and was again
sevOTely wounded in ihe face by a musket-ball ; on which account
he receivedno remuneration from the East*India Company, although
usual on similar occasions.
Sir Thonras, from the nature of his wounds, was, in this year, under
the necessity of leaving India for Great-Britain : in 1809 he returned
to Bengal ; and in Nov. of the tbllowing year, was detached to the
Molucca islands, then commanded by Lieut.-Col. S. Kelly, who dy-
ing in Dec. 1811, the command devolved upon Sir Thomas : he re-
mained there until the arrival of the Dutch troops at Amboyna ^U'ly
in April 1817, at which period the Spice islands were delivered over to
the Dutch authorities.
In July 1817 Sir Thomas obtained permission to return to Europe
on furlough ; he arrived in this country on the 2nd March in the fol-
lowing year; and in May 1821 again returned to India.
The following are the dates of this officer's commissions :—cadel^
June 23, 1783; ensign, April 13, 1785; lieut. Oct. 28, 1793; capt.
Jan. 8, 1798; maj. July 25, 1810; and lieut-col. June 1, 1818.
MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE DICK.
In 1779 this office proceeded to India as a cadet on the Bengal
establishment. He was appointed ensign Feb. 27, 1780 ; lieut. March
27, 1781 ; brevet-capt. Jan. 7i 1796; capt.-lieut. in 1797, and sub-
MILITARY CALENDAR. 109
seqctently regimental capl. ; maj. March 5, 1814; Iieiit.-cd. Nov.
22, 1807; brevet-col. June 1, 1814; regimental col. Dec 1819;
and maj .-gen. July 10, 1821.
In 1790 he was employed on service in the district of Silhet; in
the latter end of 1792, the whole of 1793, and part of 1794, in As-
sam ; in the latter end of 1794 he was appointed adjut. to the 12th
battalion of N. I. and joined that corps whilst it was serving with the
army in Rohilcund, under Sir Robert Abercromby : in 1796 he was
appointed adjut. and quart-mast, to the 4th reg. of N. I. : in 1803 he
proceeded on foreign swvice, in command of a battaHon of Native vo-
lunteers, and was absent at Ceylon and Pfenang until the latter l?t)d of
1805. In 1814 he was nominated a brigadier, and served as second
in command to Maj.-Gen. Marley, wilh= the division that was com-
manded^ by that officer during the first campaign against Nepaul.
In 1816 he was again nominated a brigadier, and served as second in
command with the division under the immediate and personal com-
mand of Sir David Ochterlony, in the second campaign against
Nepaul. The Gov.-Gen. and Com -in-Chief^ the Marquess of Hast-
ings, appointed him in the latter end of 1817 to command the 2d bri-
gade of the centre division of the grand army that served under his
lordship's personal command, and on the breaking up of the army in
the early part of 1818 this -officer was sent to command the tf oops in
Bundlecund, as a brigadier, in which situation he continued until the
banning of 1819, when he was compelled, by sickness. Id leave it in
progress for England for the recovery of his health* ' : : . ^
LIEUTENANT COLONEL JOHN TOMKYNS.
This officer was appointed a Cadet of artillery in 1778; admitted
14 Sept. 1778; Lieut, fireworker, 6 Nov. 1778; Lieut- 17 Feb.
110 THE EAST INDIA
1784;.Capt. 37 Oct. 1794; Major, 12 Nov. 1804; and Lieut-Col.
15 May, 1804.
In 1780 this officer accompanied the detadbiment, consisting of five
regiments of Native infantry and a company of artillery, which march-
ed from Calcutta to Madras, under the command of Col- Pearse, to
j6in the army commanded by Sir Eyre Coote. He was pres^it at the
storming of the fort of Tripasoor ; in the engagement of 27 Aug. 1781,
with Hyder Ally at Pollilore; at Sholinghmr in Sept. following ; and
in that of 22 Jan. 1782, when Hyder Ally attacked the rear of the
British army on its march to the relief of Velore. He was also pre-
sent at the action near Mimandrum, 13 Jan. 1782 ; at that of the l6th
of the same month ; and at that near Arnee 2d June following.
In 1783 he served under Gen. 3tuart, and was present at the storm-
ing of the French lines at Cudalore 13th June, 1783 ; and at the affair
of the 25th June, when the French made a sally to regain their lines,
but were defeated. In 1786 he was present at the capture of a strong
fort, north-west of Furruckabad ; in 1790 he served under Gen. Sir
Wm. Medows, and was present at the capture of some forts. He
served at the capture of Dindigul 22 Aug. 1790 ; and at that of Pali-
<;audcherry 22 Sept. following. In 1791 he served under Lord Cwn-
wallis ; and was employed, 2d March, With a party to blow open the
gates of Oscotta. He was at the cafHure of Bangalore, 21st March,
1791 ; and in the engagement with Tippoo, near Seringapatam, 15th
May, 1791 ; at the capture of Outradroog, Nundydroog, and Savan-
droog ; and at the storming of Tippoo's lines near Seringapatam,
6 Feb. 1792. In the following year he was employed to the eastward
of Chittagong, under the command of CoK Erskine, and took posses-
sion of many of the enemy's forts, which were evacuated as soon as
the British came in sight. In 1799 he served under Lord Harris, and
was at the capture of Seringapatam, Chitteldroog, and some other
forts. In 1800 he served under Col. Wellesley, (now Duke Welling-
ton,) and commanded the artillery at the capture of several forts in the
MILITARY €AX.£JIDAR. Ill
In 1803 this officer proceeded to finrope, and io May 1805 retired
from the service.
MAJOR JOHN HICKS.
(Bengal Establishment >)
This officer was appelated a Cadet on the Bombay establishment in
1797 ; Eus. 21 Sept. 1798 ; Lieut. March 6, 1800 ; Capt-Lieut. Oct. 1,
1809; Capt. Nov. 18, 1809; and Maj. May 4,1820.
Qn his auival in Bombay in 1798, he was first posted to the 2dbatt.
3d reg. N. I. : he joined at head quarters at Tdliichery in charge of
recruits, and was present with the battalion in 1799» in the campaign
against Tippoo Sultaun, and at the siege of Seringfipatam, tak^i by
storm 4th May, 1799. On his promotion to lieut. he was removed to
the 2d reg. N. I. which corps he joined at Goa in May 1800, and
marched .with it to the army under Col. Wellesley, against Doondia
Waugh. He was present at the storm of Ranahednore, Damul, and
Seronge. He served as quart«-mast. of brig, to Col. Capper, after-
wards to Col Spry, whose brigade^ when the above service was over^
by the defeat and death of Doondia Waugh, formed part of the force
under CoL Stevenson, which marched into Wynaad, against the Cotiote
Rajah in 1801 ; he was present with the advanced guard under Col.
$pry, at the skirmish near Manantadoy. On the. field force being
broken up, this officer joined his halt, stationed at PuUinyau, ia Wy-'
naad. In 1802 the batt. marched to Mootaga, afterwards to Cananocec
in 1803 he marched with a detachment of his battalion of 300 men»
undor Capt. Mealy, into Cotiote, to scour the jingles after the enemy :
in the same year the battalion left Malabar for Goa; in April 1804
embarked for Surat, marched to Cappermanjee, and joined the army
asaiembUng .under Col. (now .Lieut-<*G^i« Sir John) Murray, who was
replaced by Maj.-Gen. Jones. This officer proceeded with the above
force to Burtpore, where it formed a junction with the grand army,
112 TH£ EAST INDIA
under Lord Lake. He served with the batt. when it formed part of
the storming party on the 21st Feb, 1805, which, was beat back with
considerable loss. In March 1806 the Bombay div. reached Baroda,
where it was broken up, and ihe batts. ordered to different stations.
The 2nd batt. 2nd reg. began its march for the Deccan, and
reached Ahmednugger in May ; in Jan. 1807 it was ordered to Bom-
bay, and on the 5th Feb. marched again for Baroda, remained only
a short time, and proceeded into Kuttywar to join the field force under
Col. Walker. As soon as the service* was over, the batt. began its
march back towards Bombay, and reached Tannah in April 1808,
when this oflScer was transferred to the 1st batt., which he immediately
proceeded to join at Seroor. In Dec. 1808 part of the Seroor force