John Philippart.

The East India military calendar: containing the services of ..., Volume 1 online

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reg., which was ordered to the Moluccas and Malacca, where this
officer remained until 1800, when he returned to Madras, and found
himself appointed to the Ist bat. of the 4th reg., doing duty at
Madras. Early in 1801 he was ordered, with five companies, to pro-
ceed to the Tinnevelly country, and to place himself under Maj.
Macauley, who was appointed to command the force against Pan-
dellumcouchy : on which occasion he received the following letter :—

" Sir, — I am directed by Maj.-Gen. Bridges to signify to you, that
the celerity in the movement of the detachment under your command



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124 THE BAST INDIA

from Madras to Trichinopoly, is considered by the oflScer command-
ing the army in chief as a strong proof of your zeal and activity, and
which he shall keep in his remembrance.

(Signed) "Montague Cosby, M, B.
" Head-Quarters, Trichmopoly, March 22, 1801/'

After the fall of Pandellumcouchy, he was employed, in July 1801,
with his detachment, under Col. Agnew, in the reduction of Colan-
godu, Callacoil, and Sheraville ; during Uiis service he was detached
to Dindegul, with a large force under his command, consisting of five
companies of the 1st bat. 7th N» I., a troop of cavalry, his own corps,
and two six-pounders, to bring money and provisions to camp, and
the garrison of Madura, On the reduction of the aforesaid places,
and the seizure of the chief and principal men of the district, he was or-
dered to escort the heavy guns, stores, and elephants, to Madura ; and
on his arrival there, ^received the following order from Col. Agnew :
" Oct. 12, 1801.— The flight of a large body of rebels toward the
Vierapatchy hills renders it expedient to reinforce Lieut.-Col. Innis's
detachment, now on its march to Dindigul : you will therefore proceed
and join that oflScer.''

On the 18lh Oct. the rebels were dislodged from their strong bar-
riers in the Vierapatchy mountains, and on the next day this officer
received the following instructions from Col. Innis : — " You will pro-
ceed^ with all convenient expedition, to the Dindigul Valley ; and you
will use your utmost exertions in preserving that district from depre-
dation, and in apprehending or destroying the fugitive rebels, or their
adherents/' The detachment under his command fortunately appre-
hended the chief of the remaining Pohgars who were still in arms,
and lodged him safe in the garrison of Dindigul ; and peace being
restored in the disturbed provinces, he returned to Madras in Jan. ] 802.
Out of six European officers belonging to the five companies that left
Madras, two were killed, two dangerously wounded, and the subject
of this memoir received a severe contusion on his right shoulder.
Shortly after he was ordered, with the corps he commanded, lo form
part of the garrison of Velore : a few weeks subsequent to his arrival



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 125

there, the corps was reviewed by th^ commaDding officer, Sir T.
Dallas. Notwithstanding five companies of the bat. had been sepa-
rated from the other five companies, and employed nearly twelve
months in constant Poligar service. Sir T. Dallas was pleased to ex-
press, in garrison orders, his entire approbation of the discipline and
appearance of the corps, and reported the same to head-quarters. In
Nov. following, the corps was ordered on field service, with directions
to march for Bangalore ; and tiiis officer was ordered to place himself
under Maj.-Gen. Wellesley.

In 1803 the army entered the Mahratta country, and this officer
commanded the corps in the battle of Assaye, 23d Sept., and he re-
ceived thanks, in brigade orders, from Col. Wallace, for his conduct
ip the action. On the 26th he was detached with the corps, 500
Mysore horse, and two guns, for the purpose of overtaking a supply
of grain, reported to be at the distance of about twenty-five miles
from camp : two dealers in that article were sent with a detachment
to prevail on the owners of the grain to bring it into camp ; at his
arrival at the place where the grain was reported to be, he was in-
formed that the convoy had moved off early in the morning ; he de-
tached small parties of horse to gain intelligence where they were ;
at three in the morning of the 27th an account was brought in, that
the bullocks were about ten miles further from camp than at first sup-
posed : to pursue them beyond the place of his instructions, had any
unfortunate accident happened, he was aware. might be attended with
serious consequence to himself; whilst, on the pther hand, the loss of
1000 bullocks laden with grain, as mentioned by Sir Robert Barclay,
would have been severely felt by the army, being at a great distance
from supplies, and might retard his operations ; he therefore, afler
placing his tents and. baggage in a place of security, moved off at four
A. M., and was fortunate in finding the bullocks loaded, and on their
march to a still greater distance; he prevailed on the owners of the
grain to return with him to the place where he left his tents, dispatch-
ing an account of his proceedings to head-quarters, as appears from
the following answer.



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126 THE EAST INDIA

" I have communicated your letter of this date from Sepperat to
the Hon. Maj.-Gen. Wellesley^ who is glad that you have found so
many bullocks loaded with grain ; he depends on your bringing them
safe into camp to-morrow,

(Signed) " R. Barclay, Dep. Adj.-Gen. in Mysore.
" Camp at Assaye, Sept. 27, 1803, lOoVlock, P.M."

Whilst the army was on its route from Assaye to besiege Gawelgur,
this oflScer was detached from the line of march with his corps, 500
Mysore horse, an engineer officer, four guns, and escalading ladders,
to attack a fortified town that lay at the distance of about six miles
from the line of march : having effected this object without occasion-
ing a halt to the army, he joined it at the end of three days ; and Maj.-
Gen. Wellesley was pleased to express his approbation of his conduct.

On the 29th Nov. the battle of Argaum was fought ; and afler the
peace in 1804, the army being on its return to Poonah, Maj.-Gen.
Wellesley formed a light corps, consisting of all the British cavalry,
the Mysore horse, the 74lh reg., 8th bat. N. I., and a'detailed corps,
consisting of one hundred picked men from each corps in camp, with
a proportion of European officers, and two iron twelve-pounders ; the
command of which was given to Capt. Nagle. This detachment was
commanded in person by Maj.-Gen. Wellesley : it marched day and
night, the greater part without tents, in pursuit of a large body of
Pindarry horse, which it surprised, capturing four guns, and all its
plunder. After joining the army, Capt. Nagle was taken very ill,^
and obliged to go to Bombay on sick certificate, quite a cripple, and
in so debilitated a state, that he was put on board ship in the accommo-
dation chair : on his arrival at Madras he obtained a sick certificate,
declaring that to save his life it was necessary for him to proceed to
Europe. He arrived in England in March 1805, and in Jan. 180R
was placed on the retired list.

During the twenty-four years' service of this officer in India, sixteen
of which were in the field and foreign service, he was employed at
seven sieges, and in five engagements, exclusive of a variety of Poligar



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MILITAEY CALENDAR. 127

and jungle fighting, and he is now totally deprived of sight. An
addition to his arras was granted him, in consequence of his services
at the battle of Assaye, &c. with the motto, ** On with you."'



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JOHN NELLY.

(Bengal Establishment.)

Appointed a cadet in 1781 ; lieut. fireworker, July 39, 1782 ; lieut.
Dec. 28, 1788 ; capt.-lieut. Jan. 7, 1796 ; capt. June 1802 ; maj.
Sept. 5, 1806, and lieut.-col. Dec. 8, 1810.

This officer arrived in Bengal in Nov. 1781. In 1784 he left the
presidency, being appointed adjut. to a division of artillery proceed-
ing to thenippcfr provinces ; and in 1788 returned to Calcutta. In
Feb. 1790 he embarked for Madras with the 2nd battalion of artil-
lery, under Lient.*Col. Dearc, and served under Gen. Medows and
Lord Cornwallis during their campaigns in the Coimbetoor and My-
sore countries. He was present at the capture of Bangalore and
several other forts, and the different attacks on the lines before Serin-
gapatara. In June 1792 he returned to Fort William, after an ab-
sence of two years and four months; during which time he never
missed a day's duty, nor experienced an hour's illness.

In Jan. 1794 he again embarked for Madras with a detachment of
artillery, commanded by Col. (the late Lieut.-Gen.) Hussey, and
destined for an attack on the French islands. On the arrival of the
detachment, the expedition was countermanded, and it returned to
Fort William.

In 1801 this officer was detached with his company, and com-
manded the artillery at Dinapore and Allahabad in succession, until
Jan. 1803, when he joined the head-quarters of the army at Caunpoor.
In Aug. 1803^ his company composed part of the army led by Gen.



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128 THB BAST INDIA

Lake against the Mahrattas : he was present at the battle of Coil ;
storming the fort of Allyghur ; battle of Delhi ; capture of Agra, and
battle of Laswarree. On the arrival of the army at Delhi, he was
elected by his brother-officers prize agent.

After the battle of Laswarree, this officer was directed by the Com.-
in-Chief to entertain as many of the enemy's Gholundauz and Las-
cars as were desirous of entering the Company's service. Numbers
came in, who, during the ensuing campaign, gave proofs of their
attachment, and performed many acts of bravery.

In Sept. 1804 the army again took the field, under the command
of Lord Lake, and this officer commanded the artillery in the me-
morable pursuit of Holkar from Delhi to Futtehghur : he was present
and took an active part in the siege of Deeg, and in the three dif-
ferent attacks on Burtpore, in the last of which he received a ball in
his right eye, whilst in command of the batteries, which is still lodged
in his head. He was shortly after appointed commissary of ordnance,
and to the charge of the arsenal at Allahabad, where he* remained till
the end of 1809, when, in consequence of the suffering from his
wound, he resigned the situation, and joined the artillery at the
presidency.

In Jan. 1811 Lieut.-CoL Nelly embarked for Europe; and find-
ing, at the expiration of his furlough, that the weakness of sight had
increased, and that he could not perform the duties of an artillery
officer to his own satisfaction, he retired on full pay.



LIEUTENANT-GENERAL ROBERT BELL.
(Madras Establishment. J

Appointed cadet of artillery Jan. 1799; lieut. fireworker, Sept.
1799; lieut Sept 1781; capt x^pril 1788; maj. Dec. 1800; lieut.-



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 129

col. Sept. 1801 ; col. April 1804; maj.-gen. July 1810; and lieut-
gen. 12 Aug. 1819.

This officer served as adjut. to the corps of artillery ; as commissary
of stores at Trichinopoly, and on field service in the southern division of
the army ; with the army under Gen. Medows ; and with the army
under Lord Comwallis. He served as commandant of artillery with
the Indian army in Egypt, composed of detachments of royal artillery
and detachments from the several presidencies in India. He com-
manded the details of artillery at the storm of Seringapatam, May 4,
1799 ; and was commandant of artillery under the presidency of fort
St. George, with a seat at the military board, from May 1805 to
Jan. 1820.

On the 22d Jan. in the latter year, he embarked for Europe on
board the Abberton, under the salute dUe to his rank, when the fol-
lowing farewell order to the corps of artillery was issued : —

" Artillery Head-Quarters, St. Thomas's Mountj Jan. 22, 1820.

" The period of Maj.-Gen. Bell's departure for England having
arrived, he has much sincere gratification in offering his assurances of
high consideration and regard to the corps of artillery. The valuable
services of the coast artillery on every occasion where they have been
employed, are strongly marked on the records of government, and by
the several Commanders-in-Chief.

^^ The Maj.-Gen. has had the honour to belong to this excellent corps
for upwards of forty-one years, of which period he has had the good
fortune to have been at its head as conunandant of artillery for fifteen
years. The eicample of harmony, cordiality, and confidence, displayed
by the ofiicers during that period, and the social intercourse which has
prevailed throughout, is to Maj-Gen. Bell a most grateful recollec-
tion. The commandant of artillery has ever had the most satisfactory
aid and support from the artillery staff, in conducting the extensive and
important duties of the artillery brigade, and cantonment qfiices, the
ordnance and laboratory department. Maj.-Geo. Bell takes this fare-



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130 THE &A8T INDIA

well occasion to offer his most unfeigned good wishes for the continued
high character of the corps of artillery/'

The merits of Lieut-Gen. Bell were recorded in general orders
by the governor in council on his proceeding to Europe. The Lieut.-
Gen. is the author of a work containing rules and instructions for the
guidance of officers respecting the management of guns.



COLONEL HENRY WORSLEY, C. B.

(Bengal Establishment.)

In 1780 this officer embarked for India as a cadet on the Bengal
establishment; he arrived at Madras in Jan. 1781, in which month
he attained the 13th year of his age-

The presidency of fort St. George having been at that time threatened
both by land and sea^ consequeftt to the recent defeat of Col. Baillie's
detachment, which spread consternation throughout the settlements on
the coast of Coromandel, the government of that presidency had
recourse even to the juvenile services of the cadets; those of the season
destined for Bengal, as well as tiiose for Madras, were ordered to
land, forctied into a company, and trained to the use of arms. The
army in Bengal having been cbhsiderably augmented about the same
period, in Consequence of the general war which then prevailed in
Europe and in Asia, this company was ordered round to Bengal, and
where this officer landed in April 1781 , having been already promoted
to the rank of ensign, and in the course of the same year, in common
with tlie cadets of th6 season, amounting to nearly lOQ, to^tbat of Jieut
Proteeding' 1000 iriil^s up the Ganges, he joined the find European
reg. ; and shortly "afterwards the 30th reg. of Sepoys, to which he was



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MILITABY e^IiEVPAR. 131

posted^ and was employed witli diat corps on service duiiog.l 78 l^S,
in reducing several strong miid forts in the Zemidarj of Be^
nares^ which were in a state of resistance, owing to the insurrection
excited by the revolt of Rajah Cbeyt Sing» In 1783 he was appointed
adjut to his reg., and was employed with the 1st batt. on service in
the Kymoor hills towards the close of that year.

In 1785, the 30th, then become the 33rd reg., fell under the ex-
tensive reduction of the army, consequent to the general peace of
1783-4 ; and this officer was posted to the 8th N. I. In 1786 he was
on service with that corps at the siege and capture of the fort of Bu-
jerah, in the province of Furruckabad ; and at the close of the year
he was removed, on a new arrangement of the corps of the army, to
the S2nd battalion of Native infantry.

In 1787, under the auspices of Lord Cornwallis, then Gov.-Gen.
and Com.-in-Chief, this officer, in common with the officers of the
" Company's army,*^ was admitted to an equality of rank with the offi-
cers of the " King's army/' with dale of rank from the cessation of
hostilities at Cudalore in June 1783, and commissions on behalf of
his M sgesty were issued accordingly by his Lordship.

Early in 1788 Lieut. W. embarked with a detachment of volunteer
Sepoys on service bo the island of Sumatra, whence the detachment
returned to Bengal at the end of the year.

In 1790 he embarked with 1000 volunteer Sepoys, and a propor-
tionate number of officers, to supply the war casualties in the eight
battalions of Bengal Sepoys engaged in the Mysore war, under the
Gov.-Gen. and Com.-in-Chief, Lord Cornwallis.

He joined the 7th batt, of Bengal Sepoys on that service, in Oct.
1790, and was engaged with it, in the centre column, at the night
attack of Tippoo's fortified camp under the walls of Seringapatam, on
the 6th Feb. 1791, and the subsequent operations against that place,
which led to the cession of half the dominions of the Sultaun, and
the payment by him of the expences of the war, according to the
treaty concluded on the occasion.

After the return to Bengal of the troops of that presidency, which



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ISi TH& EAST INDIA

bad been engaged in the Mysore war*, Lieut. W. was reappointed,
in 1794, to the batt. (the 32nd,X from which he had volunteered for
that service. An interval followed, during which no actual service
fell to the lot of this officer; he continued widi his corps, zealously
devoted to the duties of the profession, and cultivating the attachment
of the native soldiery, whose behaviour and conduct justifies a motto-f-
applied to them at an early period, and which has in many instances
been verified, to the mutual honour of the European officers J, and
that of the Asiatic troops,

* On this occaaioD some of the corps performed a march of 2000 miles from their cao-
tonment in the Camatic (duriDg the rains) to the frontier stations in Oude.

t *' Command our lives through the medium of our afifections."

Fide fViUiams's History of the Bengal Native Ir^ntry.

X A brief description of the composition of the native armies of the three presidencies,
founded on the observations referred to in a preceding note (p. 88) cannot be irrelevant in
a work of this nature.

Bengal ARMv.-^The native cavalry of Bengal, consisting of eight regiments, forms a
most efficient and distinguished branch of the army to which they belong. The men are
rather shorter than those in the same corps at Madras. The latter are almost all Maho-
medans, and three-fourths of the Bengal cavalry are of the same race. The fact is, that
with the exception of the Mahratta tribe^ the Hindoos are not, generally speaking, so much
disposed as Mahomedans to the duties of a trooper; and though the Mahomedans may be
more dissipated and less moral in their private conduct than the Hindoos, they are zealous
and high-spirited soldiers, and it is excellent policy to have a considerable portion of them
in the service, to which experience has shewn they often become very warmly attached.

In the Native infantry of Bengal the Hindoos are in the full proportion of three-fourths
to the Mahomedans. They consist chiefly of Rajpoots, who are a distinguished race among
the Khiteree or military tribe. The standard, below which no recruit is taken, b five feet
six inches : the great proportion of the grenadiers is six feet and upwards. The Rajpoot
is bom a soldier: the mother speaks nothing to her infant but deeds of arms, and every
sentiment and action of the future man is marked by the first impressions that he has re-
ceived. If. he tills the ground (which is the common occupation of this class,) his sword
and shield are placed near the furrow, and moved as his labour advances. The frame of
the Rajpoot is almost always improved (even if his pursuits are those of civil life) by mar-
tial exercises. He is from habit temperate in his diet, of a generous though warm temper,
and of good moral conduct. He is, when well treated, obedient, zealous, and faithful.
Neither the Hindoo nor the Mahomedan soldier of India can be termed revengeful, though
both are prone to extreme violence in points where they deem their honour, of which they
have a very nice sense, to be slighted or insulted. The Rajpoot sometimes wants energy,
but seldom, if ever, courage. It is remarkable in this class, that even when their animal



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 133

By the regulations of 1796-79 this officer was posted, on the intro-
duction of regimental rank, as lieut to the 1st reg. of N. I. ; and fur-
lough to Europe, with pay, for three years, having then been granted

spirits have been subdued so as to cause a cessation of exertion, they shew no fear of death,
which they meet in every form it can present itself with surprising fortitude and resignation.
Such is the general character of a race of men, whose numbers in the Bengal army amount
to between thirty and forty thousand, and of whom we can recruit in our own provinces to
any amount. But this instrument of power must be managed with care and wisdom, or
that which is our strength may become our danger.

Madras Army. — ^There cannot be men more suited, from their frame and disposition,
for the duty of light cavalry, than those of which the Madras corps is composed. They
are, generally speaking, from five feet five to five feet ten inches in height, of light but
active make. Their strength is preserved and improved by moderation in their diet, and
by exercises common to the military tribe, and which are calculated to increase the mus-
cular force.

The Native infantry of Madras is generally composed of Mahomedans and Hindoos of
good cast : at its first establishment none were enlisted but men of high militaiy tribes.
In the progress of time a considerable change took place, and natives of every description
were enrolled in the service. Though some corps, that were almost entirely formed of the
lowest and most despicable races of men, obtained considerable reputation, it was feared
that encouaagement might produce disgust, and particularly when they gained, as they
frequently did, the rank of officers. Orders were in consequence given to recruit from
none but the most respectable classes of society; and many consider the regular and
orderly behaviour of these men as one of the benefits which have resulted from this
system.

The infantry Sepoy of Madras is rather a small man, but he is of an active make, and
capable of undergoing great fatigue upon a very slender diet. We find no man arrive
at greater precision in all his military exercises ; his moderation, his sobriety, his patience,
give him a steadiness that is almost unknown to Europeans : but although there exists in
this body of men a fitness to attain mechanical perfection as soldiers, there are no men
whose mind it is of more consequence to study. The most marked general feature of the
character of the natives of India, is a proneness to obedience, accompanied by a great sus-
ceptibility of good or bad usage; and there are few in that country who are more embued
with these feelings than the Madras Sepoy.

Bombay Army. — It was at Bombay that the first Native corps were disciplined by the
English. Of the exact date we are ignorant, but regular Sepoys are noticed in the account
of the transactions of that part of India some time before they were embodied at either
Madras or Bengal. A corps of 100 Sepoys from Bombay, and 400 from Tellichery, is men-
tioned as having joined the army at Madras in 1747 ; and a company of Bombay Sepoys,
which had gone with troops from Madras to Bengal, were present at the victory of Plassey.
The men of the infantry of Bombay are of a standard very near that of Madras. The



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184 THE EAST INDIA

to the oflScers of tbe Company's service,- he availed himself of it*
in 1797, in consequence of a very impaired state of health. In 1800
he retunied to Bengal.

By the regulations above quoted, this officer received the brevet of
capt from Jan. 1796, ia common with all subalterns of the Company's
service who had served fifteen years ; and in 1798 he attained the
rank of capt.-lieut. and also that of capt. regimentally; and was re-
moved, on the augmentation of the army, to the newly-raised l^th
reg. which he joined in ] 801. Towards the close of that year he
was ordered on service, in command of five companies of the batt
the 1st of the 15tb, across the Jumna, to take possession of some wild
and refractory districts between the Jumna and Taounse rivers,
which were part of the territory ceded to the Company by the treaty
of that year with the Newaub Vizier. Capt. Worsley was actively

lowest size taken is five feet three inches, and the average is five feet five ; but they are
robust and hardy, and capable of enduring great fatigue upon very slender diet.

This army has, from its origin to the present day, been indiscriminately composed of all