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matters, and placed authorities in the place, and bearing the enemy
north of the river were moving weM, intending to cross and join the
people in the hills south of the valley, he moved rapidly to prevent it ;
and on their finding themselves frustrated they dispersed, and several
strong forts and the whole country submitted to the British authority,
with the exception of one very strong hill fortress, which overlooked
the valley, had a very strong garrison, and numerous artillery of large
calibre, and being secretly supported by the Rajah, and having an
army in the adjoining hills, it continued hostile. It became an ardu-
ous, task to guard the newly-ceded country from the plunder of this
garrison, which however this officer had the good fortune entirely to
prevent, and the enemy suffered severely in every attempt they made,
and when circumstances permitted, a battering train being sent, and
it was within a few days' march, the place was surrendered to Lieut-
Col. Macmorine, with all the guns, &c- and taken possession of on the
13th May, 1818 ; soon after which, and on the approach of the rains,
his force again went into temporary cantonments.

In the beginning of 1819 Lieut.-Col. Macmorine conducted a
column (one of the three) for invading the Goandwana territory, and
bringing that lawless tribe into subjection, as well as to obtain posses-
sion of tlie Ex-Rajah of Nagpore, who had taken refuge in that wild
and strong country ; but as he made his escape in disguise as a reli-
gious mendicant, there was not much difficulty to contend with, be-
yond what the mountains and forests presented to regular troops ; and
all being settled, they again returned to their former cantonment in
April ; and when the strong hill fortress of Assurghur, in Candesh, the
last object of the war, was captured, and a relief of the troops effected,
Lieut-Col. Macmorine marched in the beginning of May, with the
two battalions of the 10th regiment, retracing the same route by

u



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146 THE BAST INDIA

which be came three ytnn before^ aad now become a high road, until
the roQl* for Benares branched off to the eastward ; and on the 10th
June took up his station within the provinces, after having been
twaity^buor jears on field duty and frontier posts.

During the time of the services above recited, Lieut.-CoL Mac-
marine peceiyed hi^ commendation in orders from his superiors; and
tm ihe (Mcasicm of the Yiobory at Serinagur, the Com*4n-Chief sent
him personally a copy mi the general orders issued to the army, as

In Fab. 18S0 Lieut-Coi- Macmorine proceeded to Eiirc^ on fur-
kragh, and in 1823 returned to India.

^^ To Lieut.^CoL Macmorine^ commanding Detachment.
" SiE, — I had the honour to receive and submit to the most noble
the Com.4n^ief your letters of the 5th and 6th Jan., giving the
details of your spirited and well-conducted attack on the enemy's
troops in tiieir position at Serinagur, which the Com,-in-Chief has
deemed worthy of commendation in general orders of this date, a
cc^y of wiuch I have the pleasure of enclosing.

(Signed) " Jambs Nicol, Adjut.-Gren.'*

" CampOochar, Jan. 16, 1818."

" General Orders, by the Commander-in-Chief.

" Head'QuarterSj Camp Oochar^ Jan. 16, 1818.
** The official details of the late proceedings of a detachment of the
Nagpore subsidiary force, under the command of Lieut.-Col. Mac-
morine, of the 10th N. I., having reached the Com-in-Chief, his
lordship has much pleasure in announcing to the army another in-
stance of successful gallantry on the part of our troops, in the total
defeat and dispersion of a large body of the Nagpore Rajah's troops,
strongly posted at Serinagur, having their left flank covered by the
fort and tower of that name. The troops engaged on this occasion
were, the 1st batt* 10th N. L and 2nd batt. 23rd N. I.*, a squadrpn

* Foarteea cotDpaoies of tbose corps only were pieseBt or in that quarter*



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MILITA^BT CALE^IfXlAB. 147

c^ the 8di N. C, and a division of tlie 2nd RohiUa horse, wtth a smail
detacbment of airtill^y* The capture of the enemy^s. five gims, to*
gether with their camp and baggage, and their total ddeat with consi-
derable daughter, attests the good ocnoduct of the troops; to whom,
as well as to their leader, the Coin.-iii-Cfaief desires that his approba*
tion and thanks may be communicated, particularly to Li^it. Cham^
bers, commanding the squadron of the 8th N. C. and Lieut. Martin-
deli, in command of the division of the Snd Rctelhi cavalry, who are
noticed with much commendation for their gallantry by Lieut.-Col.
Macmorine.

(Signed) ^^ Jambs Nicol, Adjutant-Genersd/'



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ALEXANDER WALKER.

(Bombay Establishment.)

This officer was appointed, in 1780, a cadet on 1^ estabKshment of
Bombay; on Nov. 24, 1782, ensign, and posted to the Bombay
European Reg. ; and on the 12th Dec* following he embarked witli
his corps, which formed part of the field force under Gen. Mathews,
to act against the possessions of Hyder Ally on the coasts of Camara
and Malabar. In the course of this service Ensign Walker was
present at the attack and assault of the forts of Rajahmundry, Onore,
Citaidapore^ theHussora Ghurry, or Bednore Ghaut, of Manga*
lore, and at various engaganents or skirmi^ies which occurred dur*
ing that campaign. In the course of it also he was removed to the
8th batt. of Sepoys, a distinguished corps, which was afterwards, for
its valour and fidelity, appointed ** The grenadier battalion.'\

With this batt* he was present at the attack of some batteries
which enfiladed the encampment near Mangalore, and which were



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148 TH£ £AST INDIA

carried by the bayonet- He also, led the attack at the head c^ the
^eoadier company of this batt,, and carried a fort* or redoiibt, of
which it was necessary to dispossess the enemy previously to the
formation of the siege of Mangalore. At the attack of the Ram
Tower, a strong and commanding ouUwork, Ensign Walker was
severely wounded ; and althon^ not quite recovered of this wound
when Tippoo appeared befoce MaDgalore, he joined his corps, which
was posted with some other troops on an eminence, a short dis-
tance from the fort, to prevent its close investiture by the enemy.
This force, however, overpowered by numbers, was compelled to
retreat.

In the course of the remarkable siege which followed. Ensign
Walker was again wounded, and received repeated marks of ap-
probation from Col. Campbell, a distinguished and eminent officer,
who commanded the garrison. When a cessation of hostilities was
concluded with the enemy, Ensign Walker was one of the two
hostages who were delivered on the part of the British troops, as
a security for the conditions of the truce. For his " spirited and
zealous-f conduct on this occasion, the government of Bombay
bestowed on Ensign Walker the pay and allowances of captain fi>r
the period that he was in the hands of the enemy, and a donation of
2000 rupees from the treasury.

In Dec. 1785 Ens. Walker joined and sailed with an expedition to
the north-west coast of America : the object was to collect furs, and to
establish a military post at Nootka Sound, which it was intended Ens.
Walker should command. The expedition proceeded to Nootka
Sound, and explored the coast as far as lat. 62 north ; but the scheme
of establishing a post was abandoned : and in Jan. 1787 Ens. Walker

* This was a small fort of four bastions, originally bailt by the Portuguese, but of which
they had been deprived by Hyder.

t The words of Brigade-Major Wolsely's letter. Ensign Walker remaiped as a
hostage in Tippoo's camp from the beginning of August until the 25th November^ nearly
four months.



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MlLltATlY CALENDAR, 149

rejoined the grenadier batt. which was in garrison at Bombay. On the
9th Jan. 1788, he was appointed lieut.

On the renewal of hostilities with Tippoo in 1790, this officer em-
barked with his batl. which formed part of a detachment under the
command of Lieut*-CoI- Hartley, intended for the reHef of the Rajah
of Travancore. Lieut Walker served in the campaign that followed,
and was appointed Adj. of the line to the detachment. He was pre-
sent at the battle of Tiroovanangary, and at the attack of the fort of
Trincalore, which was carried by escalade. The next service in which
Lieut- Walker was employed was the campaign of 1791, under Sir
Robert Abercromby, against Tippoo Sultaun : he was appointed by
th9 com .-in-chief adj. to the 10th bait, of Sepoys, and in this capacity
he made a second campaign against Tippoo in 1792, which terminated
in the treaty of peace, dictated by Lord Cornwallis before Seringa-
patam. On this event Lieut. Walker was re-appointed to his former
corps, the grenadier batt., but soon afterwards he was appointed Mili-
tary Sec. to Lieut.-Col. Don, the officer commanding in Malabar. In
1795 Lieut. Walker was appointed quart.-mast. of brig, but he relin-
quished this situation, and joined his regiment, to be present at the
siege of Cochin. He was also at the taking of Columbo in 1796, when
he was appointed military secretary to Col. Petrie, who commanded
the Bombay division of the army.

On the expiration of this service Lieut. Walker was appointed an
assistant to the commissioners for administering the affairs of Mala-
bar. In the same year, 1796, he was appointed military secretary to
Gen. Jas. Stuart, and held that confidential situation during the whole
period that general was com. -in-chief of the army at Bombay. On
the 8th Jan. 1796, Lieut. Walker was promoted Capt. by Brevet. On
the 6th Sept. 1797, he was appointed capt.-lieut. and on the same day
full captain ; but his commission from his Majesty for the latter rank
was dated 1st Jan. 1796. In 1797 he was appointed dep.-quar .-mast-
gen, to the Bombay army, which was some time afterward followed
by the official rank of maj. In 1798 he was appointed dep. mil.



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150 THE EAST INDIA

aud.-gen.9 and the Court of Directors nominated him to succeed to
the office of auditor-general on the first vacancy.

In 1799f on the breaking out of the war with Tippoo, Maj. W. was
appointed quart-mast-gen. to the Bombay army in the field : he was
at the battle of Seedasere, and at the siege of Seringapatam, which
terminated the career of Tippoo. Maj. Walker received one of the
honorary gold medals conferred for this service. In 1800 Gen. Stuart
returned to Europe, and Maj. W. received the instructions of govern-
ment to proceed to Cochin ; and, on the Gen/s departure, he investi*
gated some complicated but important affairs with that Rajah. At
this period I^ord Wellesley, the Gov.*Gen., expressed his approbation
of Maj. Walker's services and character, by offering to appoint him
one of his extra aid-de-camps. In the same year Maj. W- was ap-
pointed a member of the commission for the administration of the
government of Malabar. In Dec Col Wellesley applied for one of
the commission to attend the operations of the army preparing from
Mysore to reduce the districts of Wynaad and Cotiote, at that time in
a state of rebellion ; and Maj. W- was selected by his colleagues for
this service. On its termination he received the thanks of the govern-
ment of Madras. These were repeated by the same government on
the dissolution of the commission.

The arms and political views of the Company were about this time
directed to Guzerat, and Maj. W. was appointed to command the
troops, and to conduct the negociations, which were to establish our
influence in that part of India. He marched with a consideraUe
detachment, and joined the Guicawar troops before Kurree, the chief-
tain of which was in rebellion against the superior government*
Whilst ni^ciations were going forward, the rebels treacherously at-
tacked the British, with a force calculated at 25,000 men. An action
ensued, and, after an obstinate conflict, the enemy were repulsed
with great loss- On the part of the British a considerable loss was
also sustained. A large reinforcement arrived under the command
of Sir WilUam Clarke, when the fort of Kurree was breached, and
carrjied by assault On this occasion the Gov -Gen. in council de«



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MILITAHY CALENDAR. 151

aired his ^^ thanks to be sigmfied to Maj. W. for the judg&ient and ad*
dress which he manifested in the conduct of the negociations, and
for his distinguished exertions of military talents in the conflict in
which he was unavoidably engaged with the rebels/^

On the 7th June 1802 Maj. W. was appointed political resident
at the court of his highness the Guicawar Rajah, and a subsidiary force
was stationed at Baroda ; which place, in the same year, was besieged,
and the Arabs expelled. The collection of the revenues of the dis-
tricts which were ceded from the Peishwa and the Guciawar were
placed under the administration of Maj. W. On the 1st Dec 1803,
he was appointed Maj. in the army. In 1803-4 Maj. W. was ap-
pointed to the charge of the district of the Punch Mehals, of the city
and Pergannah of Broach, and other districts which were conquered
from Scindia and the Peishwa. On 23d April 1805 a definitive treaty
of alliance was concluded by Maj. W. and His Highness the .Guicawar
Rajah, which received the unqualified approbation of the Gov.-Gen.
in council, and the Court of Directors. In 1807 Maj. W. was ap-
pointed to command an expedition into Katty war. His instmctions
were prefaced in the following terms : — " I am directed to inform you,
that as no ofiScer on this establishment equally unites with yourself
the essential qualifications of the requisite information, and local in-
fluence, for the purpose of conducting the objects of the projected ex-
pedition into Katty war to their desired issue, the Hon. the Gov. in
council is pleased to vest the command of the detachment to be em-
ployed on this especial service in you."

On the 27th Nov. 1807, after a practicable breach was effected, the
fortress of Kundorna Ranaca surrendered to the detachment. The
Gov.-Gen., the Gov. in council of Bombay, and the Com .-in- Chief,
expressed in their general orders " their thanks to Maj. W. and their
approbation of the judicious mode of attack of Kundorna Ranaca,
the spirit, vigour, and effect, with which it was conducted.*'

In the course of tliis expedition Maj. W. effected the abolition of
the revolting practice of infiEinticide, which had prevailed from time
immemorial among the Jahrejah Rajapoots ; and a deed of the most



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152 THE EAST INDIA

solemn natare was executed bj the Jahrejah chieftains, renouncing
for ever this unnatural crime*. The natives also agreed to abstain

* It is however with serious concern that we have to state that the promising and flatter*
ing expectation of the removal of infanticide (a crime originating in family pride, in an an-
Wiilingness to communicate the blood of the Rajahpoots through the marriages of their
daughters) has been attended with limited success. But Lieut.-Col. Walker cannot be
held responsible for any events which may have prolonged or retarded the abolition of this
revolting crime, since his departure from India. He left it under the most promising cir-
cumstances. He obtained from each of the Jahrejah chiefs, in the name of themselves and
their dependents, who alone practise infanticide, unequivocal and positive agreements to
abstain in future from the crime of putting their infant daughters to death. They sepa-
rately and voluntarily entered into a most binding engagement, by which they became liable
to a severe pecuniary penalty in case of the violation of their contract. They made a solemn
acknowledgment that it was contrary to their own religion, and that whoever should be
guilty of the repetition of the crime, should be branded with all the infemy, disgrace, and
privation of privileges involved in the loss of cast.

Under the influence of these engagements many of the Jahrejahs actually saved their
children, and presented them to Lieut.-Col. Walker, with all the feeling and aflection na-
tural to parents. As this happened a year after they had bound themselves to preserve their
daughters, it afibrded a strong proof that they were at that time sincere in their intentions,
and meant to perform their engagements. All their conduct and actions were in favour of
thb conclusion. A favourable change was produced, and the foundation of reform was evi-
dently laid. It was proved to the natives, that the practice was against their sacred insti-
tutions, and that it was revolting to the best feelings of the human heart. It appeared only
necessary to watch long enough over the system, until the subject and the habit should be
forgotten. We had only to convince them that the vigilant eye of the government, like
that of the Deity, does not turn away from the view of crimes, and that it is always on the
watch for their detection. It would appear that the number saved in the course of ten years
has been about 100, and perhaps a third part of these were preserved in the first two years
after the agreements were concluded. But even from this statement we may expect that
the humane endeavours of the British government will ultimately be crowned with success.
The number saved, small as it may be to the whole who have sufiered, is equal probably to
that which would have been saved in a 100 years, under the usual state of the Jahrejah mind«
The present able and enlightened Governor of Bombay ha^ directed the attention of the
local authorities to the subject, and by blending it with oqr policy will efiectualiy ensure
for ever the abolition of infanticide. He expects to eradicate this crime^ against the first
principles of our nature, by attending to the erudition of the lower classes, and by improv-
ing the state of society. It will yield, he justly imagines, to civilization and more improved
views of social life.

Mr. Elphinstone instructed the political agent in Kattywar, under date 9th Jan. 1821, to
adopt the most vigilant and unceasing measures to detect and to punish the commission of
the crime. He ii directed not only to remonstrate with the chieftain who commits the
offence, bat to eiact from him the penalty of his guilt, and to reward those who aie atten^



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 153

from the practice of Tragga, a species of suicide, ; and Maj. W. ef-
fected agreements with the piratical states in this part of India, not

tive to their eogagements. The following are extracts from those iostructioDSj addressed to
Captain Barnewell, the political agent.

** Though the Hon. the Gov. does not think that it would be prudent to authorize the
emploTnient of regular informers for the purpose of detecting instances of this atrocity (the
commission of infanticide) he feels the greatest anxiety to employ every practicable means
for its suppression ; and, considering that the practice is entirely unconnected with reli-
gion, and unsupported by the opinion of the bulk of the community, even in tbfe countries
where it exists, he cannot but entertain a hope that more effectual means of extirpating it
may yet be devised. It is to be hoped, that from the direct communication which now sub-
sists between you and the inhabitants, you will be able in the course of your circuits to
obtain information in some of the many instances of this crime, which must occur. It
will then be in your power to visit the offence, not only on the person who has committed it,
bat on the head of the village, or the chief who shall appear to have connived at it. Your in-
fluence ought likewise to be always employed in discountenancing this atrocity, and in en-
couraging an opposite course. When remissions (of tribute or revenue) are refused to a chief,
it may be noticed as one reason for rejecting his request, that he has not been zealous in
suppressing infanticide : on the other hand, when an abatement is granted, it may perhaps
be possible to reserve to government the right to recover the amount after a certain period,
unless the chief and his bjraud can prove their attention to the nile in question by the
production of a certain number of female children of their cast. The proportion must of
course be much smaller than a calculation of the births in so many families would authorize
us to expect. With a view to encourage parents in sparing their female children, you are
authorized to throw all fines levied on chiefs for other ofiences» as well as for infanticide,
(after indemnifying the sufferers by each,) into a fund to be dbtributed in portions to
children so preserved."

We may now indulge a reasonable expectation, that these renewed exertions of the
British government will put a stop to the crime of infanticide. We may entertain even
sanguine hopes that this blot on human nature will be utterly eradicated. Nature herself
is working in our favour. The Jahrejahs, we may expect, will again mov« withio the
range in which nature acts : they express no pride, as they did at first, in the destruction
of their oflspring, and feel no shanie in rearing them. All the infants they have saved
have been the consequence of their own choice, and natural affection may produce its
eflect. By the force of frequent admonition, and the influence of rewards and punish-
ments which have been instituted by Mr. Elphinstone, we may confidently predict the
triumph of nature and humanity over a guilty habit, sanctioned by the culpable impunity
of ages.

An account of the measures adopted for the suppression of infonticide, with remarks
on other customs peculiar to India, has been published by an intelligent officer (Major
Moor,) of the Bombay army, whose literaiy researches on thb and other occasions cannot
be too highly appreciated.-^. P.



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154 THE EAST INDIA

only to renounce the practice of piracy, and all right to wrecks, but to
pay a considerable sum to the merchants who had suffered from their
depredations. A compromise and settlement was at the same time
made with the Rajahs and petty chiefs of Kattywar, for the regular
payment of their respective revenues and tributes, without requiring
that this should be annually enforced by a military expedition. All
these missions, in favour of humanity and the public interest, received
the strongest approbation from the governments of India and the
Court of Directors. The Gov.-Gen. writes — " We discharge a satis-
factory obligation of our public duty in expressing the high sense
we entertain of the great zeal, prudence, and ability which have dis-
tinguished the conduct of Maj. W. in the execution of the impor-
tant and arduous service in which he has been employed in the dis-
tricts of Kattywar. The singular judgment and discretion which re-
gulated the whole of that able oflScer's proceedings, the perseverance
and activity which have animated his endeavours to promote the ob-
jects of the expedition, and have enabled him to surmount the great
embarrassments and difficulties which opposed their accomplishment,
entitle Maj. W. to the highest approbation and applause."'

On the 21st Oct. 1808 Maj. W. was promoted to the rank of lieut.-
col. ; and the state of his health obliging him to solicit a furlough to
Europe, the request was complied with, and the following orders issued:

" General-Orders, by the Hon. the Gov. in Council.

" Bombay Castle^ Jan. 19, 1809.
" The Hon. the Gov. in council is pleased to permit Lieut-Col. A»
Walker of the 1st reg. N. I. to proceed to England, with the option
of returning to, or retiring from, the service, at the expiration of his
fiirlough. In thus announcing the departure of Lieut.-Col. Walker,
the Gov. in council discharges one of the most gratifying obligations
of his public duty in recording, in concurrence with the sentiments of
the commanding oflScer of the forces, his unreserved testimony to the
distinguished merits of an officer, whose progress throughout the ser-
vice has uniformly reflected the highest credit on the profession of



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MILITAftY CALBNDAR. 155

which he has proved himself so respectable a member. The character
of Lieut.-Col. Walker first attracted the notice of this government in
the confidential situation which he held gf sec. to Lieut.-Gen, Stuart^
as Com.-in-Chief of the forces under the presidency, and who having
moreover appointed him to the ojffice of dep. quart.-mast.-gcn. in Jan.
1799» the Lieut-Col. subsequently accompanied that experienced
officer in charge of the arduous duties of quart.-mast.-gen. to the
Bombay army that co-operated in the reduction of the fortress of