Europe on Airlough, obtained leave to resign his appointment of
commissary-gen. on the 31st Dec. 1820, that measure being nece»-
sary, according to the rules of the service, which do not admit of
a staff-officer retaining his appointment, while absent on furlough.
He embarked on his return to England, in Jan. [email protected]
, having been
detained to the end of the preceding year, for the purpose of bring-
ing up and closing the accounts of the department, which he re^
ported completed and to have passed audit, on the 29th Dec. 1821 :
the total expenditure in the commissariat department, during the
period he was. commissary-gen., exceeded six millions sterling, the
whole accounts of which were brought forward in his office, under
his personal superintendence and responsibility. The opinion and
sentiments entertained by the supreme government of Lieut. •Col.
MILITABT CAXBNI>AR. IQl
Weguelin's public conduct, not only w his late res|>onsible fiAtu-
ation, but generally during a se^fyice of; fprty years, *re ex-
pressed in the subjoined extracts of letters, ac^dresscfj to him; by
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
order of the Gov.-Gen. in council, on.; the occaj^ion of his ,fle-
parture for Europe: he had also the honour of bearing a letter
from the Gov.-Gen. to the Chairman of the East India Copi-
pany, in which his Lordship observes, " that, in enalfling Lieut-
Col. Weguelin to offer his personal respects,,, he feds justified in
affording him the facilitation for that honour, by 1}^ zeal, and
attention which he has ever manifested in. your ^Qrvice*. , The
comparatively moderate expence attending the extensive xnili|^y
operations of 1817 and 1818, will be the best proof of the order
established in his department, and will not fail to make him appear
deserving of being favoured with your countenance/'
Extract of Letters^ dated 3d and llth Jan. 1822, from the Mil.-Sec^ to
Gavermnentj addressed to Lieut. -CoL Weguelin.
" Your letter of the 29lh ult., adverting to your approaching de-
parture for Europe, has been duly submitted to the most noble the
Gov.-Gen. in Council. Your zealous and indefatigable services in
the commissariat, from its first establishment until the present time,
^e last, eight years and a half at the head (^ the depaortraent,' emf-
bracing a. series .of: military operationst on la scale of • owgnitud^ ; not
before that period witnessed in India, have been. equally Cf*edita;b}et6
yourself and beneficial to the public interests. His IbrdshipiotmuBcil
coasi4Qrs it but an act of justice to record the.expres&ionfof;|bisfliehli^
tiotenty and to add, that the attention and careful fidelity^ widk Yikncki
you h^ve unceasingly endeavoured to promote th^€ffikieac^>b£i the
department entrusted to your charge, and to oeconomiBei the public
funds of the state, under circumstances which demanded unre-
mitting regularity and exertion in the important duties of your ofiKce,
entitle you to the acknowledgments of government. The closing of
192 THE EA8T INDIA
your accounts will necessarily be brought before the Hon. the Court
of Directors, when the Gov.^Gen. in Council will derive considerable
gratification in offering to the notice of the court the name of an
officer, who, whether in his reg. or on tlie general staff of the army,
has invariably merited the approbation of his superiors. Recent cir-
cumstances, I am commanded to observe, have induced government
to establish it as a rule, not to publish in general orders the merits of
officers when not decidedly of a military nature, otherwise the appro-
bation of his lordship in council of your acknowledged services
in the commissariat would have been conveyed to you through that
(Signed) " W. Casement, Sec- Mil. Depart.**
LIEUT.-COL. GABRIEL RICHARD PENNY.
This officer was appointed a cadet on the Bengal establishment
in 1798; ensign, Nov. 1, 1799; lieut. Nov. 17, 1799; capt. Jan. 2,
1806; maj. Jan. 25, 1815; and lieut.-col. Nov- 12, 1820. He
was present at the three memorable actions of Delhi, Laswarree,
and Deeg ; at the sieges of Sasnee, Bidzergur, Cutchoura, AUygurh,
Agra, Deeg, Burtpore, Hattrass, and Asseerghur. He was severely
wounded at Burtpore. In 1808 he volunteered on foreign service,
and was present at both campaigns against the power of Nepaul.
MILITARY CALENDAR. 193
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THOMAS GARNER.
This officer was appointed a cadet in 1795. In July 1796 he volun-
teered his services for the taking of the Dutch fleet at Saldanah Bay,
Cape of Good Hope ; on which occasion he, with others, received the
thanks of Maj.-Gen. Sir James Craig, K.B. In 1798 Lieut. Garner
proceeded with his reg. (the 1st European on the Bengal establish-
ment,) which formed part of the army under Sir James Craig, em-
ployed to check the expected invasion of Zemaun Shaw, King of
Cabul. In 1799» having been posted to the l6th reg. N. I., Lieut. G.
was employed with a detachment under Maj. Lally, in escorting the
assassin Mirza Vizier Ally (Ex-Nabob ofOude) to Calcutta, when he,
with others, received the thanks of the Gov.-Gen., Marquess Wellesley.
In 1801 Lieut. G. was appointed assist, regulating officer at Bhaje-
poor, a station of trust and importance ; in which he, on different
occasions, obtained the approbation of his superiors. In Sept. 18()5,
having been previously posted to the 22d reg. N. I., he obtained the
rank of capt. and in 1815 that of maj., when he joined the army
under Sir David Ochterlony, destined for the subjection of the Ne-
paulese : on this occasion Maj. G. had the honour to command the
advance guard of the army through the Saul Forest, in Feb. 1816.
Peace being concluded by Sir David Ochterlony at Muckwanpoor,
the thanks of government, as also of the British parliament, were voted
to the army ; and Maj. G. was soon after appointed to command the
1st batt. 22d reg., ordered to check the Pindarries with the Nerbudda
field force. In Nov. 1817, this batt. under Maj. G., after a long and
severe march of sixty miles in thirty hours, arrived in company with a
detachment of the 6th N. C. at Nagpore, in time to prevent a second
attack on the gallant remains of Col. Scott's small force. On the l6th
Dec« following, at the memorable attack of the enemy's batteries near
194 THE EAST INDIA
the town of Nagpore, in which upwards of eighty pieces of cannon
were taken, the corps under Maj. G. bore a conspicuous part, and
received the warm thanks of the officer commanding die force. Maj.
G. was afterwards named in terms of high approbation in the orders
issued by the Com.-in-Chief, and pubhshed by government.
Whilst on this service, the corps which Maj. G. commanded had
in killed and wounded upwards of ninety officers and men.
In 1820 this officer proceeded to Europe on furlough for the be-
nefit of his health ; and early in the year 1821, after a service of
twenty-four years, he was promoted to the rank of lieut-col.
MAJOR JAMES ATKINSON.
This officer was appointed a cadet on the Bengal estabhshment in
1780; he arrived at Madras 5th Jan. 1781, and joined the army,
then taking the field, under Sir Eyre Coote, against Hyder Ally. He
served as a volunteer to the end of the first campaign, and then sailed
for Calcutta, where, on his arrival, he found he had been promor^
lieut 25th July 1781, (H. M/s corresponding commission, 9th July
1783.) He was posted to the 11th N.I. then in the field, and six
months after appointed adjut., in which capacity he served fifteen
years. He commanded the above corps for nine months, every ofiicer
above him being killed in an action with the Rohillas in 1794. He
obtained the brevet of capt. Jan. 7, 1796 ; a capt. lieutenantcy, Sept.
10, 1798 ; capt. by brevet, Jan. 7, 1796, and regimentally, July 31,
On the army being new modelled, he was appointed adjut. and
quart-mast, to the 10th N. I., which composed part of a subsidiary
force sent to Hyderabad, After reducing the fourteen batts. in the
MILITARY CALENDAR. 195
service of the Nizam, commanded and offidered by FDenchmen, the
reg. joined the forces proceeding to Seringapatam^ under the com-
mand of Gen« Harris; andCapt. Atkinson served as dep. quar.*mast*
gen. in the division commanded by Col. A¥ellesley ; and at the stwm-
ingof Seringapatam, 4th May 17999 he commanded a flank company.
Capt. Atkinson commanded the escort of the late Admiral Sir Home
Popkam's embassy to the Arab states in 1801-2 : he continued in that
situation eleven months, and then returned to Bengal. In ISOS) his
health being seriously injured, he repaired to England on a furlough
of three years. He was promoted to a majority Sept. 21, 1804.
In Aug. 1803 Maj. Atkinson offered his services, through the Court
of Directors, for any situation in which government might think
proper to employ him, wherein he might be serviceable to the slMe,
then threatened with invasion by Buonaparte.
Maj. Atkinson retired from the Company's service Aug. l6, 1^05,
his constitution being too much impaired to admit of his returning
to India. ' *
MAJOR JAMES EYLES.
Tms officer was appointed a cadet on the Bombay establishment in
1788 : he arrived in India 1st Sept, 1799, and 31st Dec. following
received a commission as lieut*fire worker in the Bombay art. ; he
attaised the rank of capt. 6th Sept. 1797, and of maj. in 1811.
In J%n. 1791 Lieut. Eyles accompanied the army under Sir Robert
Ab^rcrombytto the reduction of Cs^naoore; from thence through the
Coorg Ghauts and country to Periapatam, and in the subsequent re-
triMU to Malabar. Continuing with Sir Robert's army, he was at the
196 TH£ EAST INDIA
junctions with the grand army at Seringapatam, and in the action
fought with the Bombay troops, (better known by the name of the
duck fight.) From this period he remained in Malabar, and was em-
ployed with the field brigade under Col. Crawfurd, 75th, stationed
for the protection of the Dutch settlement of Cochin. He was sub-
sequently appointed adjut. of the batt. of art. at the presidency,
which situation-having held for about a year, he rehnquished for the
command of the art. at Palicaudcherry ; but he was almost imme-
diately recalled from that station to accompany the art. with the
Bombay division, against Columbo, and to which art. he was ap«
pointed adjut. He was present at the reduction of Columbo and
Point de Galle ; and remained nearly a year in Ceylon with this de-
tachment, when it returned to Malabar.
This ofiicer was immediately after sent on the Coltote service,
under Maj. Anderson, in command of the art. ; and on Col. Dow
assuming the command, with an increased force, this ofiicer was ap-.
pointed dep. com. of stores, and subsequently held the additional staff
situation of sec. to the commanding officer. On the termination of
this service he was recalled to the command of the art. at Palicaud-
cherry ; from whence he was withdrawn to join the army under Geiu
Stuart in the Mysore war, and again appointed adj. to the art. in the
field. He was present at the siege and reduction of Seringapatam,
and returned with the Bombay army to Malabar. In the following
season he accompanied the division under Col. Sartorius, which
marched to take possession of Mangalore and Canara, but Jemaul-
abad, or Jemaulghur, holding out, he was employed in the batteries
to reduce it. lliis place was subsequently taken by a rebel named
Timnaick, and the subject of this memoir was at its second reduction
employed in command of the art. On that army returning to garri-
son and cantonment, he was appointed dep. com. of stores in Canara ;
but on that province passing under the government of Fort-St. George,
the appointment was abolbhed, and this officer succeeded to the com-
mand of the art. both in Malabar and Canara. From this siUmtion
he was removed to Bombay, and embarked on board one of the Com-
MILITARY CALENDAR. 197
panj^s sbips^ with a detachment of art. as a reinforcement, employed
to protect the Peishwa on his flight from Poonah, when he proceeded
by water from Bancoot to Bassien^ Shortly after this officer joined
the troops under Col. Murray to the northward, and after serving two
campaigns he returned to Bombay, on being appointed commissary
of ordnance and stores under that presidency.
The state of Maj. Eyles's health did not allow of his completing the
full period of twenty-two years service, when he was compelled to
quit on sick certificate. The 6th Feb. 1812 he was placed on the re-
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THOMAS GIBSON.
AppoiNrfiD a cadet on the Bombay establi^ment 13th March 1781,
and sailed from England in the Nassau in June following, but the
ship being driven back by stress of weather, this officer did not ar-
rive in Bombay till the 5th Sept. 1782 ; from which date he became
an ensign. By the system then existing, he was led to expect tiie
rank of Kent., but the low state of the Company's finances obliged the
crovemment to reduce the lieuts. in each bait, of N. I. from eleven to
six, making the total number of lieuts. seventy-five less than the for-
mer complement ; by which means there were many supernumeraries,
and the promotion of Ens. Gibson was retarded more than five years.
In 1793 he returned to England, for the benefit of his health ; and
his constitution being much impaired, he did not arrive in India
the second time till March 1797- In 1796 he was promoted to the
rank of capt. by brevet, having served fifteen years, which comnussion
was consequently dated 13th March in that year ; he was appointed
capt.-lieut. in 1797 ; regimental capt. early in 1798 ; maj. in 1803 ;
1^ TUB BAST INDIA
aii4'U<^*coL fi5th Feb. 1807. He retired frotn the service, on the
faiU pay af h«s raak^ 5th July 1811.
Lieiit^Col.. Gibson's services in the field are— three campaigns
against. the Naks,. in Ule woody countries Cotiote and Wynaad; the
fim^in 1797, ilie second in 1803.
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL HENRY H. PEl^PER.
In 1797 this officer was appointed to the Madras establishment ; he
arrived in India in 1799, and joined the 1st batt. 13th reg. at Trichi-
nopoly ; he was removed to the Isl bait. 3d reg. in the following year,
and which formed part of the southern . field detachment ; he was
present at the repulse and storm of the fort of Pandellumchorchy, and
at M^lcb of . the affairs. wJbich took place in that campaign ; he served
uodes JM^j/-Gen. Wellesley, and. Col. Wallace, the whole of the Mah«
ratta campaigns of 1802, 3, and 4 ; in the latter he was promoted to
ca^., and; was present at the various . battles and storms, ^ith the
exception of the battle of Assaye, at which period he was d€d;ached
with three companies of the batt., and formed part of Capt. Baynes's
detachment, employed in escorting supplies from Abmednuggur to
the general's camp. In 1804-5 he was attached to the British resi-
dent's escort, with Dowlut RaoScindia; in 1806-7 be was appointed
inspector, of Poligar forts in the southern division, and in 1808 re-
turned tp his corps : he was on field servicie, and in command of &ye
companies of the corps, during the Travancore war in 1809, and pre-
sent at the stonning of the lines, and battles of Negra Coil; in 1810
and 1811 he wad quartered at Bangalore and Seringapatam ; in 1812
on field service, and in comtnand of the flank companies of the corps
during the disturbance in the province of Wynaad, and present at
MILITARY CALENDAR. 399
tbe relief of the Sult&un battery* To^ardB. the close of ISlSv and
ODti) 1814, the light troops were formed and drilled at Bangalore*; in
the latter year the batt was renioved to Wallajahbad. This officer
embarked with his corps at Madras towards 'the close of 1814, and
landed near Genjam, to be employed on a particular service in 4)hat
district, but which terminated the day tbe corps < landed. Itl 16/16
he joined, with his regiment, the army undar the Com.«in«GhiefiOQ^th^
banks of the Toombuddra river, -after a march of 800 miles; tebdays
after its joining the army it was broken up, but at which periiodilhii
(^cer was promoted to the rank of maj. and Tomoved to ithe Sd bati
of the reg. ; he joined it on its' march to Madras, where the corps jw
mained'till towards the close of 1816, when it left the presidency ^fbr
field service in the Guntoor districts,, and performed a mardv of uxt^
eight miles within thirty hours, after making ten days marches* at
the rate of twenty^miles per day; and succeeded in arriving at a popu-
lous village two hours before 5000 Pindarries made thdr appearanee^
whose scouts, after reoonnoitering; the -places f^urned .to t)ie-^body
of Pindarries : they immediately moved off, and were pursued foif two
days, when they quitted the Company's territories, and entered the
Nizam's country. • •
In 1817 Maj. Pepper obtained the command of the troops in the
Guntoor and Paulnaud districts, and had a line of 130 miles to pro-
tect, in order to prevent the Pindarries entering this part of the Com-
pany's dominions. In 1818 he made forced marches with the troops,
in order to join Gen. Lang's division, encamped on the banks of the
Toombuddra river, a distance of 500 miles. On the monsoon
setting in the principal part of the troops returned to cantonment,
and Maj. Pepper was left in command of a detachment on the banks
of that river. When the detachment was ordered into quarters, he
was removed to the command of thf 1st batt* 3d reg* stationed at Jaul-
nah, and forming part of the Hyderabad subsidiary fofce, which, wdr
denly moved from Jaulnah ; he joined it near EUichpoor, and shortly
afterwards was placed in command of a brigade, with in^trucbons to
push on to Nagpoor, and place himself under the orders of the British
200 THB EAST INDIA
Resident, who directed him to serve under CoL Scott, C. B. com-
manding the Nagpoor subsidiary force, which force moved early in
1819, in order to co-operate with the Bengal divisions, under Col.
Adams, C. B., for the purpose of attacking the £x-Rajah of Nagpoor,
who had taken up a position at Putchamarry ; and on moving the
divisions towards him he fled for the Hill fort of Asseerghur* Maj.
Pepp^ was put in command of a detachment, with orders to pursue
and destroy any of his followers, or Arabs, that he might fall in
with : the force returned to Nagpoor in 1820, and this officer was
directed to proceed with his corps to the Powny districts, about 50
miles east of Nagpoor, in order to attack and disperse the Goonds,
who had assembled in that district, and where he remained three
months and then returned to Nagpoor. The rebel cluef shortly after-
wards gave himself up to the civil power.
Maj. Pepper being at this period attacked with fever, he pro-
ceeded on a sick certificate for six months to Masulipatam, from
thence by sea to Madras, and from thence relumed to Nagpoor : this
was the first time he was absent from his corps or duty. In 1831 he
was promoted to the rank of Lieut-Col. and the batt* was relieved,
and ordered to proceed to Pallamcottah, a distance of 1100 miles, and
from thence to Wallajahbad.
MAJOR CHARLES STEWART.
This officer commenced his military career in the Warwickshire
militia, in which reg. he was appointed an ensign, 1st Sept 1779, and
immediately joined it at Coxheath camp. In Nov. he marched with
the corps to Lincoln, and in the following summer was again en-
camped on Triplree heath, in Essex ; at the end of the summer the
MILITARY CALBVDAR. 201
reg. was ordered to Chehnsft)rd, where Ensign Stewart acted for some
time as adjatant.
On the 4th Jan. 1801 he was appointed, throngh the interest of
Lord Hertford, a cadet for Bengal, and on the 13th March he left
England, in the fleet under the command of Commodore Johnstone ;
the ship in which he embarked, (the Hinchinbrooke) after being
severely injured, and a fourth of the crew killed or wounded, was
taken by the French fleet in Porto Praya bay, island of St. Jago ;
but was retaken on the following day by the English fleet-
On passing the Cape of Good Hope, the Hinchinbrooke parted from
the fleet in a gale of wind, and owing to several adverse circum-
stances did not reach her destination till May 1783, when Mr. Stewart
was immediately appointed to an ensigncy in the 2d European reg.
stationed at Caunpoor, and during her voyage up the Ganges was pro-
moted to the rank of lieut. In 1783 he was removed to the 34th bait.
N. L ; and upon the reduction of that corps was, at the recommenda-
tion of his commanding officer, Maj. Wm- Macleary, appointed adj.
of the 4th reg. N. I., just then arrived from Boml^^y. He shortly
after joined at Futtehgurh, and in the cold weather of the year 1784
marched with the army, under the command of Sir John Cummings,
to Anopsheher, to prevent the Mahrattas from crossing the Ganges.
In the end of 1785 the 4th reg. marched from Futtehgurh to Dacca,
and in consequence of* the great reduction of the army, was reduced
to the 4th batt.
After a residence of two years at Dacca, the 4lh batt marched lo
Dinapore,'and in the subsequent years to the stations of Jion^
Chunar, Benares, Caunpoor, Lucknow, Futtehgurh ; and in the
part of 1794 reached the Presidency.
On the 8th Jan. 1796, he was promoted to the brevet rank of <
he some months aft^er resigned the adjutantcy, which he had hel
twelve years, and was removed to the 2d batt. 5th reg. N. I.
manded by his brother-in-law, Lieut-Col. J. Mackenzie, thei
tioned at Caunpoor.
In the end of 1797 he was appointed adjut.and quart-mast. I
SOS THB £A8T Il^DIA
6th reg. N« I. at Futtehgurh, and acted for aoiii6 time as dep.-quart-
mast-gen. at that station* In the early part of the fc^lowing year he
piardied with the armjr, under Sir James Craig, to Lucknow, for the
purpose of deposing Vizier Ally, and of placing the Nabob Saadet
Ally on the Musnud. In the end of the year 1798 he marched under
the command of Maj.-Gen. Robert Stuart, to Rampoora in Rohil-
cund, for the purpose of setding the affitirs of that district. In 1799,
in consequence of the levelling of the Bengal army, Capt. Stewart
was transferred to the 11th reg. quartered at Midnapore, and on 31st
July promoted to the regimental rank of capt. in the 1st batt In
1800 he proceeded with the above-mentioned corps to Sultanpoor, in
the province of Oude. In 1801 the 11th reg. was stationed at Caun-
poor, and in the end of that year he marched with the 1st batt. to
£taweh, on the banks of the Jumna, which was then ceded by the
Nabob to the British.
In the beginning of 1802 Lieut.-Col. M. Symes, of H. M. 76 reg.
joined the army at Caunpoor, and was v^ry shortly after appointed
by the Gdv-Gcri., atEbassador to- the court of Ava. On this occa-
sion the Col. requested that Capt. Stewart might be appointed to
the command of the escort, to consist of two companies from the
Native corps, at the Presidency. He was also nominated second
member of the embassy, and in case of accident, to succeed Col.
Symesv The embassy sailed from Calcutta, in May 1803,. and after
a stormy voyage reached Rangoon in June, and from thence pro-
ceeded to the capital, Ummerapoor. In Feb. 1803 the embassy
returned to Calcutta, and in the following month Capt. Stewart was
appointed, by the Marquess Wellesley, assist, professor of the Per-
sian language, in the college of Fort William. During part of the
time he was attached to the college, he was also aid-de-canip to
Maj.-G.cn. Cameron, commanding at the Presidency, and subse-
quently aid-de-camp to Mr* Udny, who for some months acted
as Governor. Capt. Stewart continued in the college till Feb. 1806,
when he embarked for Europe; and immediately on his arrival in
London was appointed Professor of Oriental Languages, in the
MILITARY CALENDAR, SOS
East India College, Hertfordshire. On the tSth of June 1807, he
was promoted to a majority, and in Aug. of the fbllowiBg year
retired apon die* pension of his rank, having served the East India
Company twenty-six years and a half.
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL SAMUEL WOOD, C. B.
This officer was appointed a cadet of infantry, on the Bengal
establishment, the latter end of 1780: he sailed from England with