John Philippart.

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commanded a brigade in the Portuguese dictrict of Salsette. He was
removed from the 2d batt- 4th, to the 1st batt. 8th reg., joined that corps
at Ahmednuggur,and commanded that district; afterwards proceeded to
Poonah, and commanded that station ; proceeded with his corps, the 1st
batt. 8th reg. N. I. to Surat, and commanded that garrison, till pro-
moted to col. 25 April 1808, when he was appointed Commandant of
the 9th reg. N, !• and the garrison of Tarina.



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216 THE EAST INDIA



"1



G. 0. Bombay Castk, 14th Jan. 1810.
" Col. Charies Boy6, 9th reg. N. I. has the permission of the Gov.
in council, to proceed to Europe, on furlough, under the existing r^u*
lations. The Gov. in council will have much pleasure in noticing, to
the Hon. the Court of Directors, CoL Boy6's long services, in this-
country; and the zeal and attention with which he has discharged his
duties as an officer, in the Hon. Company's employ.

(Signed) " F. Warden, Chief Sec, R. Gordon, Adj-^Gen."

The 4th June 1811 he was promoted to the rank of maj-gen., and
on the 4th March 1812 appointed to the staff; in Jan. 1815 he ob-
tained the command of the army at the Presidency of Bombay, with
a seat as President of the MiHlary board ; and on the 6th Feb. 1816,
Lieut-Gen. Sir M. Nightingall relieved him from the command of the
army, agreeably to his appointment from the Court of Directors.

Extract of a Letter from the Gov. in Council^ the Rt. Hon. Sir Evan
NepeaUj Bt. to Maj.-Gen. BoyS.
" Sir, — I have had to repeat more than once, that while you hdd
die command of the army under this Presid^icy, the duties were
performed to my entire satisfaction/'

Maj^-Gen. Boye's limited time of four years on the staff expired on
the 6th March 1816; and he was relieved by Maj-Gen. Lawrence.
In Jan. 1820 he proceeded to England on furlough, and the 3d Aug.
1821 was promoted to the rank of lieut.-gen.



LIEUT.-COL. NATHANIEL CUMBERLEGE.

(Bengal Establishment.)

This officer entered the service of the East-India Company, before
the age of fourteen, in Oct. 1783, just after the peace ; and many



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MILITARY CALEKDAU. 217

baits, having been reduced on that occasion, he was not promoted,
but remained as a cadet and supernumerary ensign upwards of six
years : on coming on the effective strength he was appointed to an
European corps, with which he remained for some years. On hh
promotion to lieut* he joined the 19th batt. N. I., and marched with
it to Dacca. In 1797 he applied to be moved into the field, and
joined the 7th reg. N« I. at Lucknow. Soon after his arrival he was
ordered with two companies to escort treasure to Sir James Craig's
army, which was then assembHng at Midny Gunje, for the purpose
of proceeding to Anopsheher, to arrest the progress of Zemaun Shaw,
who was advancing towards Lahore with the avowed intention of re-
storing the Mussulman government, and extirpating the English.
On delivering over the treasure, he was ordered to Catmpoor, to escort
art. and stores to the artny. On joining Sir James at Anopsheher,
news arrived of the massacre at Benares, and the return of Zemaun
Shaw to Cabul, which occasioned the breaking*up of the army ; and
this (^cer marched down again with Gen, Stuart, under whom a de-
tachment assembled at Gooracpoor, for the purpose of proceeding
against Vizier Ally, who had collected a large body near BetooL
Afler some hard marches, and two slight attacks, the body with Vizier
Ally dispersed, and he was obliged to fly with a few horsemen to-
wards Jeypoor ; on which the detachment returned to cantonments.
Immediately after this he was ordered to oin the 2d batt- 2d reg.
N. I. at Chunar, to which, owing to the new regulations, he had been
appointed some time ; he accordingly joined the corps early in* 1799,
and marched with it to Juanpoor, and was appointed acting adjutant.
Early in 1800 he was ordered to Sultanpoor, in the Vizier's country,
to disband his batts*, which having effected, the corps returned, and
cantoned at that station. In Oct. 1800 he was appointed adjut. and
quart.-mast. to the reg., and directed to join the 1st batt. On his ar-
rival the corps was ordered to proceed to Futtehgurh ; and on the
march an express arrived to move towards Dalmow Bareily, against
an impostor, who had assumed the name of Vizier Ally, and was
plundering the country in conjunction with some disaffected Zemin^



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218 THE EAST INDIA

dars: aftq* two attecks in the jungles, and the destraction of aibrtified
village, the ^lemy were dispersed, and l!be impostor fled to Ludsnow,
where he > rvraa discovered and taken, having. Siad his tksgh brokeir: m
the last action. The corps tlrcii moved to FuCtehgniii. It 1^1 n%
was ordered to the frontier, to a place called Shekoabad, wherditwa^
cantohed. In 1802 it was ordered out with a detachment under €oL
Blair, to attack^ some strong forts in the Dooaub, when this bflicei'
WM appointed brig^maj. to the detachment, and was the acting^ staff
at *^e siege of Sarsnee, Bidzergur, Cutchoura, and Tulteah; after the
reddction of th^e forts tjhe detachment broke up, and returwod to
their respective cantonments. In 1803 he was ordered out with the
corps to join Lord Lake, at the Commencement of the Mahratta war»
and immediately on joining the grand army was again appointed
maj. of brigade. He was at the battle of GoU, the storming of Ally-
ghur, the battle of Delhi, the battle of Agra, and the siege of that
fortress. On the reduction of the latter, he was ordered in wilii his
cdrps as quart.-mast. and act fort adjut, which appointments he held
until promoted to capt. in J804, having been twenty-one years a su-
baltern. For his services Capt. Cumberlege was repeatedly thanked
in public orders by Lord Lake. On his promotion he was appointed
by his lordship to the staff, at Dinapbi-e, which appointment he held
until 1811, when he was promoted tb maj., and again joined his old
corps, the 2d batt. 2d reg; N. I* In 1812 he was ordered into Bundle-
cund, and was employed at the siege of GaHinger; At the storming
of thiat fort he had the command of the column of light inf., and was
thanked in public orders for his conduct on that day and during the
siege ;- he also received the thanks of thfe Court of Directors. On the
fall of that fortress he returned with his corps to Dinapore. In the
latter end of the same year he was again ordered to Bundlecund;
and in 1813 he joined Col. Adams, by whom he was ordered up the
third range of hills near Chundeeah, to guard the passes against the
Pindarries, with a detachment of eleven companies of N, I., art., and
pioneers. In May 1813 he returned to Kietah in Bundlecund, hav-
ing received the thanks of Col- Adatiosv and a letter from the adj.-



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MIS.ITAET CALENDAR. 219

gen,, by order of the Com.-in-Chief, approving highly of his conduct
in every respect during the period of that command.

The latter end of 1813 he was ordered to Purtab^ur, which .station
he commanded for eighteen months, consisting of his own corps and
a reg. of cavalry. In 1814 he was promoted to lieut.-coL, and ob-
tained the permanent command of the 2d batt. 2d reg. N. I. In
1816 he was ordered to Muttra, to proceed to Jieypoor, but circum-i
stances prevented the detachment moving to that place ; in 1817 he
was ordered to Agra: in 1818 he marched toDhoolpoor, to guard the
fords of the Chumbul against the Pindarries.

When the grand army broke up, Lieut.-Col- Cumberlege applied
for leave of absence to return home. on furlough, having been thhrty-
fi^'e years employed without asking leave of absence. He arrived in
Eugland in May 1819- The following letter was addressed to him
by the bfficferb (rf his corps, on his giving up the command : —

" Sir,— On the occasion of our approaching separation, we beg
leave to conVey to you a testimony of the high estimation in which
We have regarded your character, both in public and private life, dur-
ing the long period you have held the command of the corps to
which We belong ; and, to commemorate the sentiments of esteem we
entertain towards you, we have respectfully to request your accept-
ance of a sword, to be presented in our name by Capt J<^ Duncan,
in London. To our * unfeigned feelings of regret at your departure,
we beg leave to add our earnest wishes for your happiness; and
bidding you farewell, &c. &c.

(Signed by every Officer present in the Carps.)
Agra, Aug. 28, 1818/'



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220 THE £AST INDIA

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JOHN JOHNSON, C.B.

(Bombay Establishment.)

O^ ^6(h Aug. 1784 this ofiicer arrived at Bombay; and the 31st
May 1785 was appointed to an ensigncy in the engineers ; in 1790 he
joined the Mahratta army, and served at the siege of Darwar ; in
1792 he served with the Madras engineers at the siege of Seringapa-
tarn, and returned thence as surveyor with tlie Mahratta army to
Poonah. Malabar being given up in 1793, he surveyed the southern
half of that province : in 1796 he served at the siege of Cochin, under
Col. Petrie ; in 1797 he served as senior engineer with the detach-
ments under Cols. Dow and Anderson, in Cotiote; in 1799 he served
with the Madras engineers at the siege and storm of Seringapalam, and
accompanied the detachment to take possession of the.Canara districts,
and was at the taking of Aukola and Sadasewghur. In 1800 he acted
as engineer and surveyor with the detachments at Goa; and in 1802
he joined Sir A. Weilesley ; he was left in charge of the repairs of the
fort pf Huliihall, and appointed to the command of the pioneers.
In 1803 he joined Sir A. Weilesley on his entering the Mahratta
country^ and acted with his army as senior engineer, surveyor, and
in charge of the guides at the attack and capitulation of Ahmednuggur,
and storm of Gawelgur : he attended Sir A. Weilesley at the battles
of Assaye and Argaum, and the defeat of the Pindarries, Maun-
kaisiu*, &a In 1804 he was attached to the Poonah subsidiary
force as dep. quart.-mast.-gen., senior engineer, surveyor, and in
charge of the guides, and as such served at the sieges of Chandore
and Gaulna. In 1805 he was appointed conservator and surveyor
of the timber forests of Canara, which duty he continued till its
completion (two years and a half) on crutches, having been severely
cut while felling teak timber, and was consequently, in 1808, obliged
to proceed to Europe for recovery. The 25th April in this year



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 221

he obtained the rank of maj., and that of lieut-coL 4th June 1814.
In June 1812 he returned to Bombay, and held the situation of
superintending military and civil engineer at the presidency until
1815, when he was appointed quart.-mast.-gen. to the field force
under Col. W. East, C. B., with whom he served at the sieges of
Aukola, the city and fortress of Booj, and Kutcote. He thence
accompanied the force into Okamundel to besiege Dwarka, Bate,
and several other fortified places. In the same yeajr he was nomi-
nated a Companion of the Bath. In. 1816 appointed quart.-mast.-
g^n. of the Bombay army, and surveyed the mountainous passes
of the Deccan*

. In 1817 he obtained a furlough, and returned over-laud through
Persia, Geoi^ia, Russia, Prussia^ &c, to England.

The services of Lieut.-Col. Johnson have on several occasions
he&k approved in public orders, of the last of which is the fol-
lowing : —

Extract of a Letter from Colonel Sir A. Welkdey to^ His Excellency the

Governor-General.

** Camp at Deagaum, Dec. 15, 1803.

** Capt. Burke, who commanded the art. with the subsidiary force,
and Capt. Heilland of the pioneers, and Capt. Johnson of the Bom-
bay engineers, are also entitled to my acknowledgments. The two
latter were sent from my division to assist Col. Stevenson- Upon the
occasion of mentioning the name of Capt. Johnson, I cannot omit
to inform your Excellency, that throughout this campaign that officer
has performed the most important service in the department of the
guides entrusted to his charge ; and I have no doubt but that his sur-
veys will be a valuable public acquisition.''



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222 TIfB EAST INDIA

LIEUTENANT COLONEL DAVID FOULIS.

(Madras Establishment.)

This officer arrived in India in 1789 : he was appointed to an ensigncy
5th Oct. 1790, and attached to the flank company of the 15th batt
N. I., and in the same year entered the einemy's country (Mysore),
under the comiband of Capt. Alex. Phaor, and took possession of
several hill forts above the Ghauts. He was appointed cornet in the
Sd reg. cav., commanded by Maj. James Stevenson, 23d Sept. 1791>
and served under Lord Cornwallis during the whole of the Mysore
war. He was present at the siege of Bangalore ; at the attack of
Tippoo's army, under Lieut.-Col. Floyd, with six regts. of cav., under
the walls and guns of Bangalore, on the 6th March 1791 ; at the aege
of Savendroog; at the battle of the Carrygaut hills near Seringa^
patam, on the 15th of May 1791 ; and at the blowing-up of the bat-
tering train, and retreat of Lord Cornwallis in that year ; at the storm-
ing of Tippoo's lines and army before Seringapatam, 6th and 7th Feb.
1792, and at the first siege of Seringapatam, and its capitulation. He
served in the same reg. in subduing the southern Poligars, with the
army under Lieut.-Col. Maxwell, in 1793 ; was present at the siege of
Pondicherry, as a volunteer, in 1794; and made a forced march of
120 miles in two nights and two days, with little intermission, under
the command of Maj. Stevenson, who surprised and seized the
Rajah of Ramnad in his strong fortress and palace in 1794. In the
same year, under Maj. Stevenson, he marched with his corps, dis-
mounted, at night, and seized three of the principal Poligar Rajahs in
their beds.

He was promoted to heut. in the 1st reg. ckv. 1st Nov. 1798.
He served the whole of the Mysore war, under Gen. Harris, in 1798
and 1799 ; he was present at tlie battle of Malavilly, at the 2d siege
of Seringapatam, capture and death of Tippoo Sultaun. Lieut. F.
received the Seringapatam medal, after the fall of Seringapatam;



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MILITARY CALENDAR. JB2S

Lient. F. served under Lieut-^Cob. Stevemoo bad Balvytftple, ib
sevei^ actions and skirmishes with the Mafaratta Dooodia, who l3ae^
attacked with 500 cavalry, 3000 stahle 4i6r9e^ and drore into tht
Shekarpoor Nullah, afterwards into the Wurda riirer^ and captiired
his guns. In this service Lieut. F. was wounded. He was appointed
brig.-maj. to the 2d brig, of cav. 26 April 1800, and subsequently
aid^e-camp to Col. Stevenson. In 1801 Doondia having again
assembled a large force, the British took the field, under the command
of Lieut-Col. Wellesley, and Lieut. F. was at the taking bj storm of
the forts of Ranny Bednore, Coongul, and Dummel, and at the
different affairs and severe marches during that campaign^

He was promoted to capt.-Iieut. in the 1st reg. -cav. 30th July 1800,
and to full capt. in the same reg. 2d Sept- 1801, which rapid pro-
motion was occasioned by the numerous deaths at the unhealthy sta-
tion of Chitteldroog.

The health of Capt. F. being much impaired, he, in July 1803,
sailed for England : and in July 1805 returned to India over land,
arriving at Bombay in Oct., by the way of Hussam in Denmark,
Lubec, Berlin, Dresden, Prague, Vienna^, Buda, Temiswar, Her-
manstadt, Buckerest, Verna, embarking on the black sea to Constan-
tinople, cross the Bossphorus to Sentara in Turkey, by Boli> Amaria,
Mardin, Drarbekeir, Mosul, and Bagdad ; sailing down the Tigris
to Bussordh ; down the- Euphrates to Bashier ; down the Persian
gulf to Murcatt, and crossing the Arabian sea to Bombay. ' He wjgis
twice cast on shore on the Persian side by a leaky Arab ship*

In April 1807 Capt. F. was appointed general agent for the pur-
chase of remount horses for the Madras cavalry. In Aug. 1800 he
again returned to England in bad health, by the way of China,
Brazil, and the United States of America. He was promoted to maj.
in the 1st reg. light cav. 1st Jan. 1812, and returned to India in Oct.
1813, by Ceylon.

In Nov. 1814, he marched in command of the 1st reg. light cav.
to escort his Highness the Peishwa through a part of the Company's
dominions, to visit some of the principal places of worship. In



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224 THE EAST INDIA

.Jan. 1815 he took the fidd in command of the Ist li^t cav., under
Col. Doveton, and from that time till Nov. 1817 was.in constant and
harassing n^rches after the Pindarries in Ba^r^ Candesh, &c.

In 1818 be commanded the Ellore and Masulipatam districts, and
a detachment of H. M/s 86th reg. flank companies, and Native
flank, on the frontiers of Palnaud, for the protection of the districts
against the Pindarries. In Sept. 1818 he marched with the 1st light
cay. to the Carnatic to refit, and commanded Amee. In the begin-
ning of 1819 he was appointed to the command of the cav. canton-
ment of Arcot.

He was promoted to lieul.-col. in the 1st light cav. 26th July 1819 ;
and appointed to the command of the 6th light cav. in July 1821.



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JACOB THOMPSON.

(Btnnhay Establishment.)

This officer was appointed a cadet hi Feb. 1777; he arrived at
Bombay in Aug. following, and was posted to the art. as a lieut fire-
worker 8th Dec. in the same year. In 1778-9 he served with the
army which marched into the Deccan, under Brig.-Gen. Egerton, to
support the pretensions of Raysbah to the dignity of Peishwa* In
March 1779 he was appointed lieut., and shortly after was ordered
to Broach, where he did garrison duty till near the end of 1782,
when he joined the army which was then formed to act under Brig. -
Gen* Matthews, against the dominions of Hyder Ally on the Malabar
coast. He was present at all the sieges and engagements which oc-
curred in that campaign, from its commencement with the siege of
Onore, till the capture of Mangalore. At the latter place he was
left with the command of tlie art-, with instructions to place it, as far
as depended upon that department, in a state of defence ; and be



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 225

did duty there during the time it was besieged bj Tippoo Sultaun ;
on which occasion lieut T. was wounded. The 24th May 1785 he
was appointed capt In May 1790 he went in command c^ the art.
with Capt. Little's detachment, which served with the army under
Parasu Ram Bhow, and was present at all the operations of that army
during the war. At the conclusion of the peace, in 1792, he was ap-
pointed to the command of the art. on the Malabar coast ; and in
1794 removed to Bombay. The 2Sd June 1794 he was promoted to
a majority ; at the end of 1798 he was appointed com*^gen. of stores
to the army which proceeded from the Malabar coast under Lieut.*
Gen. Stuart, to co-operate with that which marched from Madras under
Lord Harris, against Seringapatam^ Before the army marched, he suc-
ceeded to the command of the art. of the Bombay army,. and in
that capacity served at the siege of that place, and subsequently at the
reduction of Jemaulabad, the last fortress in the dominions of Tippoo
Sultaun which held out against the English authority. On the break-
ing up of the army he returned to Bombay, and shortly after left
India for Europe on a sick certificate. The 1st of Jan. 1800 he had
the brevet of Ueut-col* ; and at the end of 1802 he retired from the
service.

The approbation of this officer's services by the Gov. and Com -in-
Chief in Bombay, will be seen from the following extract from the
minutes of council, dated l6th Jan. 1800 : —

" The application from Maj. Hiompson of the corps of art., for
permission to proceed to Europe with Jeave, and with the choice of
eventually retiring on the pay of his rank, being supported by the
prescribed medical and pay certificates, is acquiesced in by the Gov.
in council. The Gov. in council on this occasion very willingly sub-
scribes to the Com-in-Chiefs testimony on the professional merits of
this officer, whose skill and judgment have been in various circum-*
stances conspicuously and advantageously displayed during the long
period he has been employed in the Company's service ; and the Board
will not fail to notice him to the Court of Directors, as a person de»
servedly entitled to the public commendation of his superiors.'^

o G



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S26* T»B BAST INDI^

LIBITTENANT^COLONEL ALEXANDER LAURISftON.

Ti^si officer ^r?l^v)^ ftt Bombay 18tb Oct- 1773 ^ was apppipi^n^ ^o
j^n ewigpfiy in D^p; 1779; and promoted to h^t. l^t ^y 1780-
IJe vJ^? present at tfce captwe of ^^orsul^ a^4 CaUkMQ;^ aBdiiB; 1733
aq99^paBie^ tlie ti^oops se^t by sea, for th^erelief of Ma^ga^oT(^a8|Topg
fort pn tjip cjoast of Malabar. Tbat object being ac^Jprnplisbed, \h^y
ij^fjie qr(jl^i:€d b»*ck tf> Tellichery, and the i^aftk coqap^nies of ifce 6th,
XOt^,^ JSth, a^d 14t;li^ batts. formed into pne batt-, the eommand of
which vas give^ to Maj. Frederick : Lieut. Ji., who belonged to
the 6th batt, contiofued witli this force a^ll th^ o^ippaig^s under Qen.
Maqleodv JJe nei^t served agaiiwt the Biby, or Qweqn, pf Capanore,
an a|ly of Tippoo's ;. her subjects, the Moplays, hja^i never been con-
quered, s^od werf, a, brave and hardy race : much hard fighting ensued
before they were subdued, s^^d a peace concluded- Lieut. L. had
been appointed adj. to the grenadier batt., but the service being now
over, his b^tt- was recJuced, and the qffic^rs ordered to the presidency.
On arriving at Bon^bay Lieut. L. did duty with the f^uropoan in-
fantry, until he was transferred to ^he 2d halt- Sepoys, and ordered
to proceed to Surat. In 1788 the establishment being augod^nted,
Lieut. L. wfis tranfferred to the 1 1th batt., whiph, with the 8th batt;,
and ^ company of art. and gun Lascars, with six six-pounder field-
pieces, were in orders, in May 1739i to join the Mahrattas, and cor
operate with them against Tippooi Saib* This detachment, cooil-
n^ianc^ed by Capt. John Little qf the 8th batt. N, I., left Bombay SQth
May 1790, sailed dpwn the coast, apd joined the Mahratta army,
commanded by Parasu Ram Bhow, amounting to from 10,000to 15,000
men pf all descriptions. During this service, which lasted two years,
the detachment was under canvass, (the first, and perhaps the only in-
stance, of an Indian army being out two rftiny seasons) and actively



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MILITARY CALENDHE. 227

employed. The detaehfneiit being entiriely under the eontroiil of
Bhow, was subjected to his caprice and whims ; on some diays it was
ordered on a long march, and countermanded the same night to the
ground it had left, without any reason being afiisigned ; and whenever
a place refused his summons, and would not yield to his troops, th6
detachment was instandy employ^ to compel it. He was at last
so convinced of the use of the detachment^ of their moderation and
good behaviour, that he ^ applied to the Mahratta government for
a Slim of money, as a gratty ty^ or honorary distinction, for their
conduct. The detachment captured several forts. In Jan. 1791
Lieut. L. commanded a grenadier company, and b^ng tiie senior
Ireut. in the detachment, he was much employed in khereduotioh of
DarwAr. (See Lieut, (now Maj.) Moor's narrative of Capt. Little's
distacbment.) In March 1792 the detachmdbt quitted the Mahratta
army, recrossed the Cavery, and joining Otm Abercr6mby% army,
accompanied it back to Cananore, and thence embarked for Bombay.
Lieut- L. was promoted to capt. 23d Aug. 1794, and transferred
from the 11th batt. N. I. to the 2d bait European in&ntry, and ob-
tained the command of the 1st grenadier company. This reg. being
ordereddown to the Malabar coast to relieve the 1st European teg. at
Cananore, embarked from Bombay 24th Dec. 1794, and arrived at
its destination on the 29th. The English being then at war with the
Dutch, the two flank companies were ordered to Cochin to join the
forces assembling there under Col. Petrie ; Capt L. arrived at camp
before Cochin 17th Sept., and joined Maj. Wiseman, who commanded
die Bombay troops. The enemy made little resistance, and did not
stand the storm : when the British batteries had opened^ and de-
stroyed most of their defences, after firing one day and night, they
capitulated, and peace was concluded 19th Oct. 1795. ITie flank
companies of this oflScer's reg. were now relieved by two of the same
regiment, and ordered back to Cananore.

Soon after war having commenced with the Cotiote Rajah, three