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companies of this reg., undw Maj. Anderson, were ordered into his
country. In this service, principally bush-fighting, the British pro*

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ceeded through the enemy's country, took possession of all his strong
holds, and obliged him to make peace. In Sept. 1797 another Na-
tive reg., the 5th or Travancore reg,, was raised ; Maj. Anderson, Capt.
L., and a few other officers, were transferred to it, and ordered to
Calicut, where it was raised. In April 1800 it was sent from Calicut
into the Pynaad country, to quell some disturbances amongst the in-
habitants ; but towards the end of that month Capt. L. was relieved,
and ordered to proceed to the presidency to join another cor[>$, hav-
ing been promoted to a majority in Jan. 1799) and transferred to
the 1st batt. of the 7th reg. Native infantry.

In March 1801 Maj. L. embarked, in command of his reg., for the
Red Sea, arrived at Cossier, in Upper Egypt, disembarked the 21st
May, and continued encamped till about 18th June. During this
period the batt. suffered so severely from drilling and working par-
ties, that nearly half of the corps, including Maj. L., were sick, and
in the hospital ; and, in consequence thereof, the batt. returned to
Bombay. Finding his constitution considerably impaired, and being
strongly recommended by medical friends to return to Europe, Maj.
L. sailed from Bombay l6th Nov. 1801. He was promoted to lieut.-
col. Sd July 1802, and retired from the service in Aug. 1804.

(Bengal Establishment.)

This officer was appointed a cadet in 1777 : he arrived in Bengal in
Oct. 1778 ; and after doing duty three months in the 3d European
reg. as ensign, volunteered for field service, to proceed with drafts to
reinforce the army under Col. Goddard in the Mahratta country.

The defeat of the Bombay army in 1779, and Col. Goddard's con-
sequent spirited march to the west of India, prevented the junction.

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The drafts, and two battalions of the line, proceeded to Dinapoor can-
tonments, whence they were ordered in Aug. to Caunpoor, and in
1780 were augmented and formed into four batts., for the purpose of
forcing their way across tlie Deccan, to accomplish their original
destination, the reinforcement of CoL Goddard's army : but a treaty
with the Rannah of Gohud affording full employment for these four
batts. (in the 2d of which this officer was first lieut,) a troop of
cavalry, and a small park of field-pieces, under Capt William Pop-
ham, in a short, active, and successful campaign, expelled the Mah-
rattas from Gohud, and removed the seat of war into the enemy's
country. Lieut. S. led the grenadiers of the 2d batt, which, with
the 4th bait, commanded by the gallant and enterprising Captain
William Bruce, surprised the Mahratta camp, (then three miles dis-
tant from the English andRannah's camps,) in a night attack, in which
the enemy lost some hundreds of horses, most of their equipments^
and were so completely discomfited that they did not again encamp
near the English. The 2d batt., with the grenadier company of the
1st, formed the storming parly for the capture of the fort of Lobar,
and Lieut. S. led the grenadiers of the 2d in the assault. He volun-
teered to serve with the detachment which took Guahor by escalade
in 1780; but as the 2d batt., commanded by the veteran Capt. Wm.
M*CIary, formed the covering party, his services were declined;
and on the success of the attack, the 2d batt. promptly gained pos-
session of the Shaher Punnah.

In 1781 Lieut. S. was appointed adjut. to a detachment of from 5
to 6000 men, commanded by Lieut-Col. Jacob Camac, for the in-
vasion of Malwah, to withdraw Mahajee Scindia from the Mahratta
confederacy at Poonah, and was soon after appointed quart.-masL
to it : the detachment advanced to Seronge, and after retiring several
marches, turned back, completely surprised Scindia's camp, captured
all his guns, ammunition, &c. ; and on this occasion the Mahratta
forces, horse and foot, were so totally dispersed, that Lieut. S. fortu-
hately saw the standard elephant separated from the army, and with
an orderly trooper, crossed the river Scind and took it. This little

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army wm reinforced by some regs. of cav. and inf., and Gol. Mnir
appointed to command. In 1781-2, peace being concluded widi
Scindia, CoL Muir^s detachment was broken up, and the several
corps ordered t6 the cantonments of Furruckabad and Caunpoor : at
the latter station, and at Lucknow, Lieut S. held the command for
several months of the 2d batt. 34th reg. of Sepoys.

In 1785 Lieut. S. was appointed to discipline thie corps tof Hill
Rangers, stationed at Bhaugulpoor, being the first military officer at-
tached to them, the corps being under the judge and magistrate*
In 1786 he was appointed adjut- to it by Lord Gornwallis, and in
1793 his lordship appointed him to command the corps* During his
command, the Rangers were inspected by Gen. Sir A* Clarke and Sir
David Baird, who both expressed their approbation of the high state
of discipUne which the corps had attained, as being v^ creditable to
the commanding officer.

This c^cer continued to command this little tx)rps m lieut., capt.,
maj., and lieut^-ccd., till the end of 1804, when the impaired state of
his health compelled him to return to Europe, after twenty^ix years
and three months service in India. The 22d Feb. 1809 he was placed
on the retired list.

The following are the dates of this officer's commission : ensign,
Oct. 1778 ; lieut. Oct. 19, 1778; capt. Jan. 7, 1796; maj. May 29,
1800 ; lieut.^ol. July 13, 1803.

(Madras Establishment.)

In July 1781 this officer was appointed a cadet; and in Nov. ens. 1st
Circar bait., from which he was removed to the art., and joined the army,
then under Lieut.-Gen. Sir Eyre Coote* He was present at the battie of

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Cudalore*^ 13th Jud^ 0^783^ and^ftt e^very intermediate service in tUe
Peoinsula until 17879 whoa bq was osp^ii^ in^jsctor 9f 9U>Xf» at
Masulipatam. The 22d:Jqly 1788 lie was . pcon)K)|ed IQ lievrt. In
1790, in coHimand of the art*^ and iti charge of \he eeginf^ ^od stoi^e
(kpartmehts, he joined the Nizam's first subsidiary forc,e, aad .w^s
present at the reduction of the whole eastern division of the Dooaub;
In 1791 he was at the taking of the strdng hiJl-fo^ts fif l^opapl^ ]^e-
hader^ Bundah^ and Gandicottah; he coopjipanded the European
artillerymen that led the storni of the lower fort of Gurramcondah,
on which occasion he received the thanks of Lord Cprnwallis. In
1792 he joined the grand army at Seringapatam, and' served with it
until the conclusion of the peace*

In 1793' Lieut. S. was appointed dep.^ommiasary gen. of stores^
and was at the head of that department at the siege and capture of
Poudicherry. In 1794 he was nominated to the same station in the
intended expedition to the Mauritius^ but which did not take place.
In 1795 he was appoihted commissary of stores to the forces employed
under Col. (late Gen.) James Stuart, against the Dutch settlements
in Ceylon, and was present at the siege of Trincomale, the capture of
Columbo, and until the final reduction of the island. The 7th Jiam^

* The following curioas anecdote is from Wilks*s Sketches of the South of India :-^.

^^ Among the wounded prisoners was a young French sergeant, who so particularly
attracted the notice of Colonel Wangenheim, commandant of the Hanoverian troops in
the English service, by his interesting appearance and manners, that' he ordered the
young man to be conveyed to his own tents, where be was treated with attention f od kio^
ness until his recovery and release. Many years afterwards, when the French arnny, und^r
BernadottCj entered Hanover, General Wangenheim, among others, attended the levee of
the conqueror. * You have served a great deal,' said Bernadotte, on his being presented,
* and, as I understand, in India?' — ' 1 have served there.'-— ^ At Cudalor^?' — ^ I was
there.' — ^ Have you any recollection of a wounded sergeant, whom you took under your
protection in the course of that service?' The circumstance was not immediately present
to the general's mind ; but on recollection, he resumed, ' I do indeed remember the cir«i>
cumstance, and a very fine young man he was ; I have entirely lost tight of him ever
since, but it would give me pleasure to hear of his welfare.' — ^ That young sergeant,'
said Bernadotte, < was the person who has now the honour to address you ; who is happy
in the public opportunity of acknowledging the obligation, and will omtt no means within
his power of testifying his gratitude to Gen. Wangenheim."*^ Vol. ii. pp. 442-8«

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1796 he obtained liie brevet of capt. In 1797 he was nominated
oommissary to the forces, under Sir James Craig, intended against
Manilla, but wbidi did not take place ; and in Sept. of the same
year, on the death of Lieut.-Col George Hall, he was appointed
commissary in charge of the arsenal and laboratory of Fort St

In 1798, from extreme ill health, Capt. S. was forced to embark
for £ngland* In 1799 he was appointed to a company. On the first
dawn of recovery he returned to India, and in Nov. 1800 was ap-
pointed commissary of stores to the forces in the field, under the
Hon. Col. Wellesley, against the rebel Doondia Waugh. Capt S.
was present the whole of that successful campaign ; and at the close
of the same year was nominated commissary to the Indian army,
ordered to Egypt, and finally put under the orders of Sir David
Baird. He remained in Egypt until the surrender of the French at

In 1801 Capt. S. was entrusted by Sir David Baird with despatches
for Lord Wellesley, and directed to proceed over-land, via Aleppo,
Bagdad, and Bussorah; in which service he acquitted himself to the
satisfisiction of the Gov*-Gen. In 1802 he was appointed public
agent of the government, to found and establish the gun-carriage
manufactory at Seringapatam. He was promoted to the rank of
maj. Sept. 21, 1804; and to that of lieut.-col. July 4, 1807. In
I8O9 the gun-carriage manufactory was brought to maturity, under
the immediate superintendence of Lieut.-Col. S. ; and in the course
of seven years' management of the institution, he received numerous
testimonials of the unqualified approbation of the Court of Directors
^nd the local government, through the military board ; and on his
resignation, to proceed to England to repair a shaken constitution,
and on private afiairs, he again received testimonials of approbation
of conduct, &c.

In 1813 Lieut -Col. S. returned to India, with orders from the
Court of Directors to resume the office of public agent, but with
which the government did not comply. On the 5th March 1814 he

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was appointed to (XMmnand the fort and garrison of Seringapatam.
The 4th June following he received the brevet of col. In 1818 he
returned to England, and the 26th Jan. 1822 obt^ned the rank of


(Bombay EstahUshment.)

This officer was appointed a cadet in the East India Company's
service in 1791 ; he arrived in India in 1792, and joined the artillery
in 1793. The first service in which he was engaged was the siege of
Seringapatam : he was> in the action of the 6th March at Saidasur,
where Tippoo Sultaun commanded in person, and lost a very large
portion of his picked troops. In the following year he commanded a
large detachment in the field, under Col. Dunlop, at Mangalore ; and
was at the siege of Jemaulabad in the same year : in the following
he commanded the art. at Goa, under Sir Wm. Clarke ; he subse-
quently, in the same year, commanded two companies of art., with
the ircomplete field equipments, in Canara, under Col. Mignan, from
which command he was appointed a dep.-commissary of stores. In
1809 he was ordered from Poonah, to command the art. with the field
force, under Col. Walker, in Katty war : he was present at the siege of
Malwah, which place was taken by storm ; in the same year he re-
turned to a command of art. at Surat, from which place he was or-
dered, in the following year, to command the art in the Deccan,
under Col. Montresor : he took the field with that oflScer, in com-
mand of the art., and as field commissary of stores. He next served
under Brig.-Gen. Smith, when the war with the Peishwa broke out,
^ brigadier of artillery, in the Deccan, commanding the horse and
foot artillery ; and was at the capture of Poonah. He attained the

u H

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rank oi brevet ms^. Jan. 4, 1614; was appointed capt. in the art.
JuneSS, 1814; andlieat-^ol. Sept^ 1, 1618.

The following are honoorabie testimonials of the services of^ Lieut.^
Col. Bellassis.

" MalUa, 5th Sept. 1809.
" Lieut.-Col. Walker begs to return his best thanks to Capt. Bel-
lassisy for the success and zeal with which he has prosecuted the de-
struction of the works and fortifications of Mallia, and the accuracy
and complete effect of the mines afford sufficient proof of the skill
exhibited in its construction. The conunanding officer is also much
indebted to Capt. Bellassis for the attention with which he superin-
tended this troublesome duty.'^

" Bombay^ 3d March, 1813.
" Sib, — In reply to your refer^ice, I beg leave to inform you, that
Lieut.-Gen- Stuart, who commanded the Bombay army in Mysor^B
in the campaign of 17999 and which terminated in the capture of 8e-
ringapatam, frequently expressed to me, as adj.-gen. of the army, his
approbation of your conduct during that service ; and some time afleiv
in a letter to me from Fort St. George, while com.-in-chief of that
army, he expressed himself much obliged to Mr. Duncan, for hav-
ing appointed you a dep.-commissary of stores in the arsenal at the
Presidency, as he was determined to provide for you had he re-
mained on the Bombay establishment, for your spirited and gallant
conduct at the ai,ege of Seringapatam.

(Signed) " Bobebt Goedon, Adj.-Gen*

" To Capt. BeltassU.''

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(Bengal Establishment. J

Appoin^ted to the art* on thie Baigal establishment in 178j2 ; lieut-
fireworker, 3d April 1783; lieu*. 26th Nov- 1790; capt, 7th JajL
1796; maj. 15th May 1807 ; lieut.-col. 1st Mar. 1812; and lieut.-coI.
oownmandant 4th May 1820- This officer anived from Europe at
Madras in April 17839 acid joined the reg. of art. in Fort William in

When on command at Midnapore in 17939 he volunteered his ser-
vicest, and accompanied the art- to the coast of Coromandel, with
the army under Lord Cornwallis., In 1796 this officer, then capt.,
marched with his company fronp Bengal, with a detachment under
Col. Hyndman, to Hyderabad, for the purpose of subjugating a
French force in the territories of the Nizam. This service being
effected, at the close of the year 1793 Capt C, joined the grand
army under Gen. Harris^ and serred with it the whole of the war in
Mysore. In March 17999 at the battle of Malavilly, he commanded
a brigade of six guns,, on the left wing of the grand army, in that
action with Tippoo Sultaun. In April he commanded the art at
the attack of the intrenched tope near Seringapatam, on the noom-
ing the present Duke of Wdlingtoa succeeded against tl^t post, and
received his thanks. He accompanied CoL (now Gen. Sir Atex.)
Campbell, H. M. 74th reg. the evening he attacked the enemy on the
glacis of Seringapatam, spiking some of their guns. He served in the
batteries the whole of the siege of Seringapatam* and until the assault
and surrender of that fortress. He also served with the Bombay
army, commanded by Gen. Stuart ; after which he proceeded with
CoL Bowser to the reduction of Gurrumcondah, Gooty, and Hurrial,
^n the command of the art., and acted as field-engineer at the sieges
and captures of those forts : he commanded the storming party at
the taking of the pettah of Gooty, where he had the sole charge of

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constructing ihe batteries and other works; and for which service he
received the thanks of the officer commanding, in general orders, dated
12th Aug* 1799* His conduct was also particularly noticed in a
public despatch from CoL Bowser of the same date, addressed to
Col- Close, Adj.-Gen. ; and Gen. Harris's approbation thereof, con-
veyed through the Adj.-Gen. to Col. Bowser, dated Fort St. George,
2d Nov. 1799. In Sept. 1799 Capt C. was detached under the
command of Col. Desse to the attack of two Poligar forts, Cuptal
and another fort ; on one of which occasions he led the European
art.-men up to the breach with a loaded 6-pounder, and from the
arduous nature of the service sustained a great loss in killed and
wounded, and received a contusion on his right shoulder.

In 1800, war being over, Capl. C. returned to Bengal. In 1805
he was appointed aid-de-camp to Gen. Green, then on the staff at
the Presidency of Fort William. In Feb. 1810, this oflScer, then
Maj. Caldwell, was sent by Gen. Hewitt, Com -in-Chief, on the ex-
pedition to Java, and commanded the whole of the art during the
reduction of that colony. He received Sir S. Achmuty's thanks in
general orders, dated 17th Sept. 1811, on behalf of himself, and (he
detachments of royal and Bengal art. under his command. On his
return from Java to Bengal, the Gov.^en. in council was pleased
to publish a gazette extraordinary, dated 27lh June 1812, expressive
of approbation of Maj. Caldwell's conduct, and the art. under his
command; he also received a letter from Sir S. Achmuty, dated
3d July 1812, expressive of his approbation of his zeal and ability
while serving under his command ; and the approbation and thanks
of Lieut-Gen. Sir George Nugent, Com.-in-Chief, while in command
of the 2d division of field art., dated Agra, 19th Nov. 1812.

Lieut.-Col. Caldwell is a Companion of the Bath : he has received
the Seringapalam and Java medals. He returned to this country

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(Madras Establishment.)

This officer entered as a cadet at the Royal Military Academy,
Woolwich, in April 1799; received certificates of qualification in
Dec. following, and was appointed lieut. of art., Madras establish-
ment, 7th March 1800.

Lieut C. was employed with the field detachment under Lieut. -Col.
Jas. Innes, which marched from Dindigul in Feb. 1801, to co-operate
with Col. Stevenson's detachment in the Wynaad country. Return-
ing from thence the force was employed subduing the Poligar chief-
tains of three refractory PoUams, amongst the hills adjoining the wes-
tern Ghauts, during the execution of which service the troops suffered
severely from the hill fever, but met with Uttle opposition from the
people. The detachment afterwards joined the field force under
Col. Agnew, with which it co-operated in subduing of an extensive
opposition of the Poligar chiefs, adjoining to the Madura and Tinne-
velly districts, who had risen in arms against the government. This
service terminated at the close of 1801.

Lieut. C was promoted to capt. 17th Aug. 1804. In Oct. 1807
he commanded a detail of art., employed with a detachment em-
barked under the command of Col. Lockhart, of H. M.'s 30th reg.
on board of ships of war, which proceeded under the orders of Sir E.
Pellew, (now Vise. Exraouth), to the harbour of Sourabaya, at the
eastern end of the island of Java, for the purpose of destroying the
Dutch line of battle ships lying there: the batteries which com-
manded the passage were taken and destroyed, and the ships burnt,
with little opposition from the enemy.

In Oct- 1809, Capt. C. was appointed by the government of
Madras to the command of 200 European art. and inf., then em-
barked on board of H. M.'s ships Dover and Cornwallis, which sailed
from Madras Roads, under Capts. Sir £. Tucker and W. A. Mon-

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tague. Being joined off Batavia Roads by H. M.'s sloop Samarang,
the force proceeded, under the orders and directions of Sir E. Tucker,
against the island of Amboyna, which was attacked on the l6th, and
surrendered on the 19th Feb. 18ia Capfc C held the civil and
military command of this place until Feb. 1811, at which period, by
arrangements from Bengal, tiie command of the island of Banda
was entrusted to him until April 1812, when he returned to British
Inctia. In July 1813 he received the civil and miUtary command
of the island of Banca, and the office of Resident at the court of Pa-
lembang^ where he ranained untH the transfer of the isbnd of Banca
to the Dutch in Dec. 1816. The 4th June 1814 be obtained «he
brevet of major.


(Bengal Establishment.)

This officer went out to India in ]777» and was appointed a cadet
on the Bengal establishment 29th Sept. 1778, and ensign 17tb batt.
N. I. 14th Sept. 1779; with this corps he marched in the same year
into the Khyrabad country, against some refractory Zemindars^
This object accomplished, the batt* was ordered back to join the
detachment then forming, under the command of Col* Muir, to
march to Etaweh, cross the Jumna into the Mahratta country, agaiQ9t
Scindia. Ensign Wilton served this campaign, and returned to
Caunpoor with the array, when he Was appointed adj. to the 23d
N. I. With this corps he marched to the relief of Lucknow during
the disturbances at that place, and from thence into the Gorackpoor
country, to relieve Col. Hannay, and also to Fyzabad. In 1782 the
Gov.-Gen., (Warren Hastings), appointed this officer, who had been
promoted to lieut. 3d Jan. 1781, to be one of his aid-de^camps, in

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which situation he continued until that most eminent statesman* re-
turned to England in 17Q6y when Sir Jqhn Macpherson succeeding
to the government, he also appointed Lieut. W. to be one of his
aid-de-camps; and on the atrival of Lord Cornwallis as Gov.- Gen.
his Lordship directed Lieut. W. to remain in his family as acting aid-
de-camp, which office he held until nominated adj. of the 10th N. I.,
but shortly after joining that corps Lord Cornwallis appointed him
adj. and quart.-ma8t* to the. Sd brigade, commanded by Col. James
Nicol, and which appointment he held till 1795, when he was nomi-
nated assistant to the regulating officer, Capt. John Hutchinson, of
the Jaghurdar institution. The 7th Jan. 1796, he was promoted to
capt-, and on the death of the regulating officer in 1801, the Gov«-
Gen., Lord Wellesley, appointed Capt. Wilton to be his successor.
On the 30th Sept* 1803 he was promoted to maj. ; and on the 27th
Nov. 1805 to lieut.-col. In Feb- 1807, in consequence of declining
health, Lieut.-CoL W. was compelled to return to England on fur-
lough, and from the same cause obliged, in Oct- 1809, to retire from
the service.

* *^ When the standards of Hyder Ally floated orer tbe desolated ields of the Caroatic,
which the inert rulers of Madras had left exposed at every point to invasion ; when a league
of Mahratta leaders brought combined disgrace and discomfiture on the immature efforts
of the government of Bombay; when internal rebellion threatened the peace of Bengal;
and the opposition and violence of his colleagues embarrassed and impeded all his mea*
sures ; the mind of Hastings derived energy from misfortune, and fire from collision, and
no one^ we are convinced, can dispassionately read the history of the period to which we
allude, without being satisfied that, to his intimate knowledge of the interests of tbe govern^
ment which he administered, to his perfect acquaintance with the characters of every claas
of the natives, and to his singular power of kindling the zeal and securing the affections,
of those he employed, we owe the preservation of the British power in India."

Quart. Rev. Vol. XVIII. page 409.

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{Bombay JSlBtahUshment.)

This officer was appointed a cadet in Dec. 17765 and arrived at
Bombay in Aug. following. In 1777 he was nominated to act as
adj. to the 1st batt. N. I., being qualified by having passed an exami-
nation, speaking and writing the Hindostan language. In Dec. he
volunteeied his services, and commanded a company of Sepoys, with
Maj. Jtames's detachment, to cover the retreat of the Bombay army,

Online LibraryJohn PhilippartThe East India military calendar: containing the services of ..., Volume 1 → online text (page 21 of 45)