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quently to the neighbourhood of Madras.

CoL James, the commandant of artillery, having been obliged
from ill health to retire from the army at the close of that year, Lieut.
C. joined his own corps, and moved in the succeeding campaign with
the army under the command of Gen. Sir Eyre Coote ; and at the
attack made by storm upon the fortified pagoda of Chillambnim, in
June 1781, he was so severely wounded as to be compelled in conse*
quence to leave the army and return to Madras, where, in 178S, not
being sufficiently recovered for field-service, he was appointed by the
Gov., Lord Macartney, to the command of the artillery in Fort St.

Upon the raising of a second batt. of art. in the year 1786, Lieut.
C was appointed quart.-mast. to it : he served in that capacity until
July 1788, when he was removed by his promotion to the rank of

hibiting their skill oo men already most inhooiADly mangled, on the tick and wounded in
the doolies, and even on women and children ; and the lower order of horsemen plundered
their victims of the last remnant of their clothing : none escaped this brutal treatment, ex-
cepting the few who were saved by the humane interposition of the French officers, and
particularly Mona. Pimorin, of the regular FVench line, who bad joined with a small de-
tachment from Mkht, a short time previous to its capture in 1779; and Mons. Lally,
who has already been introduced to the reader's notice. It is scarcely necessary to add,
that the whole corps, with all its equipments of every description, was irretrievably and to-
taUy lost.''— Vol. II. pp. 277-8.

Lally^ who had first served with Basalut Jung, then with Nizam Ally, was disposed,
about 1778} to try his fortunes with Hyder, who stipulated, for a certain amount of force,
to pay him 5000 rupee$ a month. Hie Frenchman, not being able to bring the precise
QOraber, received only, as the first month's pay, 2000 rupees. He demanded an aoditnce,
talked loud, and gasconaded. — '' Be quiet," said Hyder, *^ and be grateful for getting so
much ; you have not fulfilled your stipulation, and I have overpaid you in proportion to
your numbers : I do noi give an officer 5000 rupees a month for the beauty of his single

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Upon the breaking out of tlie war with Tippoo Soltaun, the be^^*
ginning of 1790, Capt. C. was present Mrith his corps, which con-
tinued in the field the whole of the campaign of that year, under the
command of Gen. Sir William Medows ; and in (he subsequent cam-
paigns of 1791 and 92 with the same army, under the command of
Lord Cornwallis, until the peace made by his lordship with Tippoo
Sultaun under the walls of Seringapatam.

Capt. C. commanded the art. of the brigade of inf., headed by
Maj. Gowdie, on the 6lh March 1791 > which fortunately advanced in
time to rescue the whole of the British cav. from destruction, when
thrown into disorder and retreat, by havingVmade an imprudent dash
at the camp of Tippoo's army under the walls of the fortress of

Capt. C. was also present at the sieges of JBangalore, Seringapatam,
and most of the principal hill forts which were captured during the
active campaigns of 1791 and 92 in the Mysore country. In 1793
he was present and assisted at the siege and capture of the French
settlement at Pondicherry. In May 1796 he attained the brevet of
maj. in H. M.'s army in India; and in 1797 he was selected by the
then Com.-in-Chief at Madras, Gen. Sir Alured Clarke, for the com-
mand of the art- in the southern division of the army, commanded by
Gen. (afterwards Sir John) Floyd.

In Feb. 1798 Maj. C. had the appointment of head commissary of
ordnance and stores at the presidency of Fort St. George, conferred
upon him by Lord Hobart (since Earl of Buckinghamshire,) then
Gov. of Madras, which very responsible situation he continued to hold
under the Lords Wellesley, Powis, and Wm. Bentinck, until the end
of the year 1804, when he was permitted, upon his own application,
to resign and to return to England.

In June 1801 Maj. C. was promoted to a regimental majority, and
in the month of Oct. following he was further advanced to a lieut.-
colonelcy in the corps of art. In 1808, in consequence of losses
which he had sustained in his private fortune by the failure of his
agents at Madras, he appHed to, and was allowed by the Hon. Court

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of Directors to returo to Madras, and with an order from the court to
be reappointed, on the first vacancy after bis arrival out, to the office
he had retired from in 1804, and in Jan. 1809 he was accordingly
reinstated therein : in May of the same year he was removed by the
government of Madras, and appointed commandant of the corps of
art.; in July following he succeeded to a reg. as lieut.-col. com«
mandant ; and in July 1810, having been advanced by brevet in
H. M/s army to the rank of coL, he at the same time received the
like rank in the Company's service*

In March 1811 Col. C was compelled, by very severe illness, to re-
quest the permission of the government of Madras to resign his official
situation and to revisit £ngland. In June 1813 he obtained the rank
of major-general.

Within the last three years a communication was made to this
officer, by the desire of the chairman of the Court of Directors, that if
he felt disposed to return to Madras, for tlie purpose of assuming the
command of the art. of that presidency, the chairman would have
much pleasure in proposing him to the court for that office. I'his
handsome and gratifying offer, as evincing the favourable sentiments
entertained of his character by his honourable employers, Maj.-Gen.
Clarke was under the necessity of declining, being assured by his me-
dical advisers, that it was their decided opinion, a very short residence
at Madras would place his health, from the state of debility his con-
stitution had been reduced to in India, beyond the controul of medical

(Bengal Establishment.)

Ens. in Sept. 1779; lieut. in 1783; capt-lieut. Nov. 1, 1798; capt.
June 23, 1799; maj. June 16, 1800 ; lieut.-col. Jan. 22, 1802; col.
June 4, 181 1 ; and maj.-gen. June 4, 1814.

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This officer ettiered the Hon. Cotnpany^s service as ebsign in the
infiantry in Sept. 1779, and was remdved to the cavalry in March
1797, and appointed to the 4th reg., in which branch of the service
he has since remained.

He went as a volunteer to Bencoolen in 1789, and succeeded to
the command of the troops at Fort Marlborough, with local rank, in
1793. In the following year, when a French squadron of four ships
of war appeared off the place, and threatened to destroy and plunder
it unless it was ransomed for three lacks of dollars, Capt. Brown, on
whom the charge of the place devolved when martial law was pro-
claimed, refused to listen to any proposals, and resolved to defend thie
fort to the utmost with twenty Bengal artillerymen and 300 Sepoys.
Every exertion was made to repair the sea defences, which were in
a bad state, and Capt. B. assisted by Lieut. Macdonald, then of the
Bengal engineers, and the late Capt. Hutchinson, of the Bengal art.,
prepared batteries and furnaces for hot shot. The French commo-
dore finding his menaces had no effect, sheered off, after capturing an
Indiaman that lay at anchor.

Capt. B. was removed to the 4th reg. of cav. soon after his return
to Bengal, and was with it when it was sent to Benares, in the tumult
excited by Vizier Ally. In 1798 he was removed to the 1st reg. of
cav., and was employed in Oude against the rebels whom Vizier Ally
had stirred up.

In Oct. 1799 Col. Collins, then the British Resident at Scindia's
court, was sent by Lord Wellesley to Jeypoor, to obtain the person
of Vizier Ally, who had taken refuge there, on account of his in-
famous treachery, in murdering Mr. Cherry, in contempt of the law
of nations. Lord Wellesley was anxious to have him seized, and made
an example of the extent of our power to punish, when thus insulted.
Col. Collins selected Capt- Brown for the command of his escort,
and the charge of this state prisoner. He had two 6-pounders, a
squadron of cav. and two companies of Sepoys for the escort ; and
Vizier Ally was put under his charge as soon as he xvas brought
into the British camp. Great apprehensions were entertained of an

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attempt «it wmm by his Odendi ; but by firomoB*, and the sao9t vigi^
lant precaqtioQs, Capt, B, brought him safely through the Jeypocr
aad Mahratta territory, and delivered hifo over at Futteh^urh. For
his conduct on this service be vaa publidy thanked by Marquess
W^tesley. On his proiuotiofi to Ueut'^oL in 1802 this officer was
posted to the Sd C9V., which he comoianded under Lord Iiake at
the sieges of Sasnee, Bc^ighur, and Cutcboura, ia that year. He
aerved under bis Lordship dnriog the whole oif tbe Mahratta war,
and cooawauded his reg. durtog tbe first caoapaign, at the sic^fes of
Allygurb and Agra, the actiou at CoU, the battles of Delhi and laa-
warree. In the second campaign he comiuanded a brigade of cav.
at the sieges of Peeg atad Burtpore» and the acticui of Afzulgurh.
On Lord Lake marcUi^ in pursuit of Holkar into tbe Douab, Lieiit,r
Col. B. was left in command of tbe brigade of cav. with Maj.-<Gen.
Fraser; and when the maj.-gen. defeated Holkar's inf., and cap<-
tured his heavy guns under the walls of Deeg, Lieut.>Col. B. had to
oppose the Mahratta cav., lutd cover the line as it advanced to carry
the batteries, with bis wet^ brigade : (he had only 484> men in tlie
fidd mounted). This s^vice was effectually performed ; and the line
was not once charged by the enemy's horse« Maj-Gra. Fraser was
mortally wounded in the action*

In 1807 Lieut-CdI. B- was removed to tbe command of his oU
reg. of cav. (the Isi), aad sent to Bundlecund in 180^ to join a force
assembled in tbe end of that year to oppose Meer Khan, under (the
present) Sir Gabriel Majrtisddi. This Ibrce advanced into Malwah
in Jan. 1810, and acted in co«<^eratian with a very lucge Madras
ibice, tmder the laite Sir Barry Close* In the meantime Gcpal Sing,
an able, bold, and popular chie!^ who had heea dispossessed of some
^slricts a short time before by the British govemmfflit, invaded ^
rieh province of Bundlecund^ from ^ch nearly the whole troops
had been, withdrawn to ibrm the fbroe under Col. MartmdelL
Descending into the level province at the head uf a large body
of horse, he easily eluded tbe pursuit of in&Atry by the length and
rapidty of his marches ; and proceeded coolly to collect the revenues,

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and to burn wherever payment was refused. In consequence of this,
Lieut-Col. Brown was detached into Bundlecund with the 1st reg.
of cav., and directed to take command of all the detachments he
found, against Gopml Sing. By a succession of rapid marches lie
unexpectedly came up to the marauding force, with four squadrons
of cav. ; attacked them instantly, though posted in difficult ground,
dispersed them with great loss, and drove Gopal Sing up the Ghauts,
with only six horsemen in his company. The high sense entertained
by government of this* service was communicated to Lieut. -Col. B. in
public orders by the Commander of the forces. In Oct. 1810 Lieut-
CoL Brown was sent up the Ghauts, and placed in command of the
different detachments employed there against Gopal Sing ; instead of
merely repelling his incursions he obtained permission to pursue him
through the Jungles, where he took shelter, and to destroy his strong
holds. The whole of 1811 was occupied in pursuing and harassing
this marauding chief, whose force, whenever he attempted to draw it
together, was dispersed. At last Gopal Sing was so wearied out
with this incessant pursuit, that he came in and surrendered himself
to the Gov.-Gen.'s agent ; this restored quiet to the province. Col.
Brown received repeatedly the thanks of government for his judg-
ment and exertions in this very fatiguing and harassing service;
and the Court of Directors afterwards expressed their high appro-
bation, in a letter which was published in general orders.

At the siege of Callinger,in Jian. 1812,Col. B. commanded a cover-
ing force, employed to intercept reinforcements going to the garrison
from Rewah. After the place surrendered the 1st cav. were sent to
Muttra, where CoL B. commanded, and in the same year was ap-
pointed to the government command of the Muttra and Agra fron-
tier, which he held until his embarkation for Europe in the end of
1814- During this time a force was assembled, in Nov. 1813, under
Maj.-Gen. Marshall, against the Rajah of Alwarand; Col. B. was ap-
pointed second in command, and to the immediate command of the
cav. and horse art. employed.

Upon his obtaining leave to proceed to Europe, the government

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expressed in public orders, " The high sense entertained of the zeal,
ability, and devotion to the public interests, which had so uniformly
and conspicuously marked his course through the different gradations
of the army, and the entire satisfaction which the government and the
officers, who had successively held the chief command of the army,
had derived from the very able and exemplary manner in which he
had exercised, for a considerable period, the duties of a very impor-
tant and extensive command/*^

Maj.-Gen. B* returned to Bengal in May 1816, and was immedi-
ately placed on the staff, and appointed to command a division of
die army in the field. At the siege of Hatras in Feb. 1817 he com-
manded the cav. and in Oct. 1817, when Lord Hastings took the
field against the Pindarries, Maj.-Gen* B. was appointed to com-
mand the centre division of "the grand "^my, with which his Lord-
ship fixed his head-quarters. From this situation he was selected
to command a light force, chiefly of cav,, with which he was de-
tached to the westward, with authority to attack the Pindarries and
their abettors, wherever he found them. Upon reaching the Chum-
bul he found that war with Holkar had broken out, and that after
the overthrow at Mehidpore some chiefs had occupied Rampoorah,
his ancient capital, and were levying contributions for themselves.
Some of the rich inhabitants of Rampoorah sent to inform him of this,
and beg his aid. He crossed the Chumbul, after a forced march by
night, surprised the dly, and carried it by assault, took one of the
rebel leaders prisoner, and cut up the force they had collected.
Their train of eleven fine brass cannon fell into the hands of the
victors. In the same month, (Jan. 1818), in consequence of Scindia's
governor at Jawnd having refused to give up some Pindarry leaders,
and even opened his guns upon a squadron of the 3d cav., Maj.-Gen.
Brown assaulted the town in open day, blew open one of the gates,
and took the place by storm. At the same moment Capt. £. Ridge,
whom he had sent with the 4th cav. to the other side of the town,
carried the Bhow's camp, took his field guns, and dispersed his inf.
This action occurred at a moment when it was of material service to


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the object of the war, for many were inclined to follow the Bhow's
plan of making zealous professions to the British, and secretly assist-
ing the Pindarries in conceafing themselves, but this signal blow
struck a terror through Malwah and Meywar, and made all «uch ^
trimmers take warning by the fate of Jawnd.

Lord Hastings thanked Gen. Brown in public orders, for his ser-
vices in this detached command, and soon after the campaign in tiiat
quarter being over, the centre division of the grand army was broken
up, and Maj.-Gen. B. returned to conunand the Caunpoor division
of the army. He subsequently commanded the Dinapoor division.
In 1822 Maj.-Gen. Brown returned to England.


(Madras Establishment.)

This officer arrived at Fort St* George as a cadet in 1780, a short
time prior to the army taking the fidd, under Sir Hector Monro*
idiich he joined and proceeded with, for the purpose of effectiiig a
junction with Col. BaiUie's division, but who was totally defeated
by Hyder Ally before this object could be accomplished. Sir Hector
consequently retreated to the neighbourhood of Madras, (see p* 170

Shortly after this event Mr. Pogson obtained an ensigncy* In Jan.
1781 he again proceeded with the army, under the command of Gen.
Sir Eyre Coote, and was present at the different engagements of that
campaign. The batt. to which he belonged formed part of a division
detached by Sir Eyre under Col. Owen to the PoUams. The diviekm
was attacked by the ^oeniy, and after a hard battle to gain a pass
it effected a retreat, with considerable casualties, loss of camp equi-
page, and private baggage, and rejoined* It again [uroceeded to the
grouod ircfm which it had fetreated, and in a few days attacked the

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ibft d C^ittofe ; at the capture of which Ens. Pogson was posted in
a batterj with a coverieg party, and received a wound in his liip, by
the graee of a gun-shot, which lamed and confined him for near five
^ roooths. Upon his recovery. Lord Macartney, then Gov. of Madras,
ordered him to do duty with his body guard, and with which be
served for some time, and the Nabob's cav. being taken into the
Company's service, he received his first cav^-commission. On his
promotion to a lieutenantcy be was nanoved from the body guard,
and appointed to the 2d reg* of cav. then in the neighbourhood of
Trichinopoly, commanded by Capt« (afterwards Gen.) Stevenson,
and with whicli he was at difier^t periods on service, against refrac-
tory Poligars. In 1786, whilst stili in the same r^., his horse fell with
him, when at full ^eed, by which his skull was so much fractured
in several places, that it waa deemed expedient by the faculty that
be should proceed to England, as the only chance he had of recovery/
In 17899 on his return to India, he took the field with his corps,
the 3d cav*, in the army under the command of Gen. Sir W. Medoiys.
In tins campaign the Sd reg. formed part of a division of the army,
detached by Gen. Medows, under Col. Floyd, in the Coimbetoor
oowntry, to the neighbourhood of Suttamungulum. The division w9r
attacked by Tippoo Saib, and after a severe action, which, at inter-
vals, continued for two days, it beat off the enei;iy, and made good
its retreat to die main army, but wi& the loss of camp equipage, and
baggage of every description. At the conclusion of this campaign
Lord Comwallis joined fbom Bengal, and soon after proceeded to-
wards Serittgapatam.

On reaching Bangalore Tippoo's Mne of mardi was seen moving
from the immediate neighbourhood of that place, and Col. Floyd,*
commanding the reserve of the army, beng about to take up his
^oundr pushed on with the cav. to attack. The subject of this me-
moir was on this service detached from his regt. with two troops

* At an early part of the advance Col. Floyd received a bullet through his cheeky which
brought him to the ground.

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under the immediate command of Brig.-Maj. (now Maj.-Gen. Sir
Thomas) Dallas, in pursuit of the enemy, and several guns, elephants,
baggage, &c. were taken. The army shortly after laid siege to, and
captured Bangalore, and some other forts. This officer was next
present at the battle of Seringapatam. At the conclusion of the war
his regt., under the command of Major Stevenson, proceeded to the
Tinnevelly country, and while on service in that country, it was
employed in subduing refractory Poligars. In 1801 this officer
joined, and took the command of the 4th regt of cav., then in a
division of the army, in the ceded districts of the Nizam, com-
manded by Gen. Dugald Campbell, with which he served about
a twelvemonth. He was then appointed lieut-col., and to the
command of the 7th reg. cav., and the fort and cantonments of
Sera in the Mysore, where he ranained until the Mahratta war
broke out. At this period an efficient officer of rank being
deemed necessary to take the command of the 3d reg. of cav.,
it being a part of the subsidiary force, serving with his highness
the Nizam at Hyderabad, and commanded by Col. Stevenson,
Lieut.-Col. Pogson received the appointment, and succeeded to
the command of the cav. brigade of that force on CoK Sentleger
leaving it; he continued to serve with it, acting in concert with
Gen. Wellesley, and he led a brigade of cav. at the battle of Ar*
gai^m, where the latter officer commanded in person, and Lieut*-
Col. P^'s conduct was approved in general orders.

In the latter war the health of lieut-Col. P« suffered exceedingly;
and he was at length compelled, in 1804, after a period of nearly
five-and-twenty years' service, to retire on the half-pay of his rank,
and proceed to England.

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(Bombay Establishment.)

This officer was appointed cornet in H. M. 2 1st light dragoons,
14th Dec. 1796 ; at the age of fifteen he was nominated a cadet on
the Bombay establishment, where he arrived 21st Sept. 1798, and
was promoted to ens. 2 batt. 4th N- I. In Feb. 1799 he proceeded
on service with Col. Little^s detachment to the Mahratta comitry,
from thence to the Malabar coast, and accompanied tlie force which
took possession of Mangalore. In the same year he was employed
with a detachment under the late Maj.-Gen. Sir George Holmes, in
the taking of Aukola and Sidathegw* in Canara. The l6th Jan. 1799
he was promoted to lieut. and posted to the 1st batt. 3d N. I., from
which corpus he was removed to the marine batt. on the augmentation
of the army. In May 1802 Lieut. E. joined with the flank com-
panies of the fencible reg. of N. I. the force under the command of
the late Col. Sir Wm. Clarke, and proceeded to the reduction of the
forts of Kurree in Guzerat. In 1803 he joined the Ist batt. 3d N. I.
then with the force at fiassien, for the protection of the Peishwa, from
whence he proceeded with that chief to Poonah. In the same year he
did duty with the 1st batt* 3d reg. Madras N. I. in the army under
Maj,-Gen. Sir A. Wellesley, and continued with it till the termination
of the war with Scindia. In 1804 he was appointed fort-adj. at Surat,
and in the same and early part of the following year employed in
escorting supplies of provisions and military stores from Surat, for the
army in the field in Candeish. The 13th March 1808 he was promoted
to captain. In 1809, in command of a detachment from the 2d batt.
2d reg. and marine batt., formed into a batt., Capt- £. proceeded with
Lieut.-Col. (now Maj-Gen.) Lionel Smith, to the Persian Gulph, to
act against the Juassamee pirates. In 1817 he was appointed to the
comnrand of Anjur in Cutch. The 1st Nov. in that year he was

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ttii Tttfi ElkST INDIA

promoted to maj-, and obtained the commaDd of the marine batt.
The 4th Juljr 1821 he was promoted to lieut-col. ; and in April 1822
transferred to the 2d b^. 6th reg. N. I. at Ahmedabad, Gu^erat.


(MadrM Estabtishment.J

Appointed a cadet Feb. 1791 ; ensign, 22d July 1791 ; lieut., l6th
Aug. 1793; capt-, 29th May 1798; major, 25th July 1810; and
lieut-^col, 12th Aug. 1819-

This officer arrived at Fort St. George 19lh June 1791> and was
appointed to do duty with the corps of engineers. He joined the
grand army under Lord Cornwallis in the Mysore country l6th Aug.,
and served with it until the conclusion of peace with Tippoo Sultaun ;
during which period he was present and assisted at the sieges and
storming of the hill forts of Nundydroog, Savendroog, and the taking
of Outradroog; he was present on the night of the 6th Feb. 1792,
when Tippoo's fortified camp, under the walls of Seringapat^m, was
stormed and taken ; he assisted during the whole progress of the sub-
sequent siege of tha|, capital. In Aug. 1793 he was at the capture
of the French settlement of Pondicherry ; during which service he
officiated as adj. to the corps of engineers. In July 1795 he was ap-
pointed principal engineer to the ej^pedition proceeding against
Malacca, under the command of Maj. Archibald Brown ; and was
present at the surrender of that colony, 18th Aug. following. In 1797
he was appointed to proceed with the expedition destined against the