John Philippart.

The East India military calendar: containing the services of ..., Volume 1 online

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the battle of Delhi^ lltli Sept. ; in which, whilst stormiag a very
strong and well-served battery, constructed by Frendi offioers, of 62
pieces of cannon, he lost hb right l6g. In 1804 he was nominated to
the general staff of the army, as Persian interpreter to general courts
martial : and in 1806 appointed to the barrack and executive der
portments ; in which situation (occasionally officiating as dep. judge-
advocate, &c.) he remained until March 1817«



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ARTHUR MOLESWORTH.

{Madras Establishment •)

This officer entered the service of the East India Company (after
graduating as A. B. at Cambridge) in 1794* He served as lieut* dur-



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376



TH£ BAST INDIA



ing the siege of Columbo in 1796, in the 35th (now 1st batt. 13th)
Madras N. I. ; afterwards, in quelling the rebellion of the Cingalese,
for about six months, in the interior of Ceylon. He returned to the
coast in 1798 ; and, with the 2d batt. 3d Native reg. served during the
whole campaign against Tippoo Sultaun. He was pres^it at the
battle of Malavilly, under Gen. Harris ; served during the whole
siege, and was in command of the light companies of the 2d batt-
Sd N. I. on the storming party of Seringapatam, 4th May 1799, and
bad the honour of receiving the medal presented to commemorate
that day. Soon after the conquest of Mysore he was appointed adj.
to the 3d. batt. 3d N. I: He was removed in 1800 to the 2d batt. 5th
teg* J as lieut. and adj. ; and served with the latter corps against some
refractory Poligars in the ceded districts. In 1801 he was promoted
to capt - lieut ; and in Sept. appointed sec. to Col. OKver in his civil
and miUtary command of the Moluccas ; from whence he returned to
Madras on the restitution of those islands to the Dutch. In 1805
be went home on furlough, according to the regulations of the ser-
vice, and revisited India in 1807.

Capt- M* was promoted to major in Dec- 1809; and commanded
the 2d batt 5th N. I. from 1811 to 1817. He received the brevet of
lieut.-cd. 4th June 1814, and was appointed lieut-col. in the Com*
pany^s service 14th April 1817* He was removed to the 2d batt 22d,
in April 1818; and soon aflier to the 2d batt- 18th, then about to
depart on foreign service to the island of Ceylon. Lieut.-Col. M.
was appointed, by government, to command the coast auxiUary troops
sent to that island : the rebellion therein being crushed, he returned
to the coast in Dec. 1818.



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 377

MAJOR GEORGE POLLOCK.

(Bengal Establishment.)

tvf 1803 this officer was appointed a cadet, and lieut- 3d Sept. in
the same year. He arrived in India in Dec. following, proceeded to
the field in Sept. 1804, and joined the army ninder Gen. Eraser.
He was present at the battle of Deeg, ISth Nov. 1804, and at the
siege and capture of that place in Dec. following. He next served
at the siege of Burtpoor, Jan* and Feb. 1805; and joined the art.
with Col. Bowie's detachment near Gualior in April 1805. He com-
manded tlie art* with Col. BaN's detachment in the Rewarrie country
in 1805-6; and at Meerut in 1806. He was promoted to capt.*lieut.
17th Sept. 1805 ; appointed quart.-mast. to the 2d batt. of art. 14th
Oct. 1806; adj. and quart.-mast. to the artillery in the field in Aug.
1808; adj. and quart.-iikast. to the 1st batt. of art. 4th Oct. 1809;
promoted to capt* 1st March 1812; and in the latter year com*
manded the art. at Futtehgurh. Capt. P. next commanded the art.
under Gen. S. Wood, in Jan. and Feb. 1816, in the Nepaul war.
He was appointed brig.-maj. to the reg. of art. 15th Atfg. 1818 ; as-
sistant adj.-gen. of the Bengal art- 13th Feb. 1819; brev.*maj., 13th
Aug. 1819 ; and regimental major 3d May 1820.



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL RICHARD DOOLAN
(Bombay Establishment.)

This officer was appointed a cadet in 1780; hesai
the Godfrey, and was captured by the combined fleet
Spain, under Don Juan de Langara. R^uming tc



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278 THE EAST INDIA

D. obtained a passage in H. M/s ship Hero, and again sailed for
India in March 1781. He was at Port Praya, under Commodore
Johnson, when our fleet was attacked there by Suffrein ; and at the
Cape of Good Hope, when the homeward-bound Dutch East India
ships were captured in Saldanha bay. He arrived in Bombay 5th
Jan. 1782, having previously gained the rank of liewt, ; he was posted
to the Bombay European reg., commanded by Lieut.^Col. Jackson,
then serving in the army under Brig.-Gen. Mathews, and was in the
grenadier company which led the storming party at the capture of
Onore in Jan. 1783. He was then attached with part of his company
to the grenadier batt., commanded by Capt. Duno, which proceeded
to Cundapoor, taking many hill-forts and fortified places io its way.

Lieut. D. was appointed to act as adj to a snoall detachment sent
towards Travancore, which carried by storm the Ghaut, or pass of
Hydernugger, and marched into the province of Bednal. He was
present at several severe affairs ; in one of which he was shot through
both thighs. Gen. Mathews' army being taken prisoners l?y Tippoo
Sultaun, Lieut D., with many other officers, was sent into rigid con-
finement at Chittledroog ; but he was, owing to his disabled state, tl^
only officer not subjected to the ignominy of being put in irons.
On the peace with Tippoo in 1783, Lieut. D., with many other offi-
cers, was released, and proceeded to the Carnatic He returned to
Bombay in Oct. 1784 ; himself, Capt. Facey, and about sixty rank
and file, being the only survivors of the Bombay European regiment.

Lieut. D. was soon after transferred to the 7th batt of Sepoys, com-
manded by Capt Sparks, stationed at Tanna. This corps was re-
duced in 1785, and Lieut. D. was then posted to the 6th, under
Capt. Dow. He joined it at Tellichery, and did duty in Malabar,
till compelled by a violent fever to return to the presidency. On his
recovery he again joined his corps in Malabar, and continued there
till 1788, when ill health compelled him to come to England*.

* It is gratifying to record acts of Ul)eralit]r on th^ part of those in power ; iind onder
th^t feeling it may liere he «tiiif d, tliat tlie Court of Directors of that dayj newing limu



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MIllTART CALENDAR. 12^9

Hating recovered his hea}^, he returned to Indian and anired
at Bombay in Oct* 1789 ; he was posted to the 2d batt- of the Eurci^
peaii regs cofmnaiKled by CoL Frederick^ and proceeded wkh tibis
corps in Dec. to Darirar, then closcfy besieged by the Mabratta army
under PiA^ser^m Bhonr* This was a service of soipe severity ; and
Lieut. D. commanded the foriom hope at the nnsnccessfiil i^ttempt^
to carry that formidable fort by assault in Feb- 3791.

After the fall of the fort^ Lieut D- was removed to the 8th batt.
N. L, under Capt< Liftk^ who commanded a brigade of fiie Bombay
array which ^rved several years with that of the Mahrattas under
Porseram Bhow* Battahons were then commanded by captains, and
companies by lietltenant^. Lieut. Doolan being senior lieut. of the
8lh, Capr. LittlieV) eoffifnanded it during the remainder of the brilliant
campaigns of that detachment-f*.

At the storm of Tippoo's entrenched camp near Simoga in Dec.
1791, Lieut. D. was again severely wounded; and after die restoration
of peace with Tippoo, he was again compelled to repair to England :|:
for the recovery of his health- Having effected this object, he re-
turned to Bombay in 1795, and was posted, as a capt., to the 2d batt.
3d N. I., and joined a force under Col. Dow, acting in Wynaad,
and other perturbed districts in Malabar. This was a most disagree-
able, trying, and fatal service, in which Capt. Doolan had a small

D.'s siifferings and his services in a meritorioas light, ordered thut his staff allowances, as
adj. and quart.-mast., should be made good to him during the period of his imprisonment,
and gave him a compensation for his loss when captured by the coml^ined fleets in 1780.

* This fiiilure broke the heart of the gallant Colonel Frederick*

t The operations of this detachment, and of Purseram Show's army, were published in
a narrative, by Lieutenant (since Major) Moor, of the Bombay army.

X The folloifing eiitraot of a letter from the gavermncnt of Bombay to th^ Court of 0i^
reetors, dated 21st Dae; 17M» Marks the sense entertained by that goremment of Ldent.
Doolan's servioes :->* >

<' Lieatenant» Riebdrd IKwIan and Edward Moor having been severely wouikded in the
late war while serving with the detflfchment under €apt« Little^ it was reeMimended to them»
by the faculty, to pr«K:eed toJSumpe, as the only chanee left to eflbet a cure. They aeeord-
ingfy applied to us for p^missioifv aifd to make such ncutioii of their serviceB to your Hon.
CJpurt as would eilsute them the means of subsistence durmg the period they might be ne-



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380 THE EAST INDIA

separate oommand, and several opportunities of disringiuishing
himself.

Subsequaitljr Capt. Doolan was in the 1st of the 5th N. I., and
in charge of a post superintending the transmission of supplies for
the army under Sir Arthur Wellesley, then in close pursuit of Doondia ;
in the duties of which service Capt. J), gave entire satisfaction to
Sir Arthur.

Capt D» was afterwards engaged with his corps in a series of ser-
vices and affairs in Wynaad and Cotiote, against the Pyche Rajah,
and other refractory chiefs, in Malabar, and about that time was
promoted to a majority* He was again attacked by the fever, then
so common with those serving in Malabar, under which he suffered
for nearly a year. In 1805 he obtained the rank of lieut-col ; and
in Feb. 1807 retired from the service.



MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE HANBURY PINE.

(Bengal Establishment.)

Appointed a cadet on the Bengal establismenf in 1780; ensign,
27th April 1781; lieut, 19th June 1781; capt, 7th Jan. 1796.

9

oessitated to remain at home ; and farther stated, that, being in very straitened circom-
stances, it would be impossible for them to put their intentions into execution without some
assistance from government. From the very honourable testimonies which they produced
from tlw several officers under whom they served, of their uniform good conduct oo every
occasion, and the Com.-in-Chief having also expressed the high sense he entertains of those
officers' zeal and merit, we considered them as deserving some assistance ; but as it never
bad been usual to pay the passage of wounded officers, we could not undertake to do it.
Yet, in consideration of their inability to defray the same themselves, and being under the
necessity of proceeding to Europe as the only chance they have for the recovery of their
wounds, which they have received in the service, we have consented to make them an allow<<-
ance of — -— , &c. &c. The several testimonials, and the surgeons* certificate, are trans*
mitted ; and from our experience of your Hon. Court'js munificence, and readiness to dis-
tinguish any of your servants who, by particular zeal to recommend themselves, have »ttf^
fered so severely, we indulge the hope that the gentlemen in question will be judged pro-
per objects of your liberality."



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 881

major, SOth Sept. 1803; lieut.-coL, 12th June ISO? ; coL, 4tfa June
1814; and maj.-gen., 19th July 1821*

On his arrival at Madras in Jan- 1781, this officer offered his ser-
vices as a volunteer to serve with the army then at the Mount under
Sir E. Coote, in the war with Hyder Ally, but which, in consequence
of his extreme youth, were not accepted. After doing duty for two
months at Fort St. George, he embarked in March for Bengal, where,
on his arrival in Fort William, he found himself promoted to lieuL in
the 3d European reg. ; with which corps he did duty at Burhampoor
till Sept, when he was appointed to the 2d batt. S2d reg., and or-
dered to March for Dinapore, and was employed in quelling scHne
commotions in the interior of the country near Gyah, and afterwards
at Buragong. In 1783 he was Ordered with his corps for Caunpoor,
where it was stationed till 1785, when peace being restored, and
bdng a supernumerary in the reg., he embarked for Europe for the
recovery of his health.

In 1790 he returned to India, and in 1791 joined the grand army
under Lord Comwallis, as a volunteer. He was attached to the 2d
batt. of volunteers, and accompanied the army to Seringapatam ; was
at the storming the enemy's lines, 6lh Feb. 1792 ; and continued his ser*
vices with the corps in prosecuting the siege till peace was concluded.
He then marched back to Bengal, and on the dissolution of the volun-
teers, he was transferred to the S2d batt ; with which corps he engaged
in the Rohilla war, in Oct* 1794, under Sir Robert Abercromby ; and
since that period was actively employed in various parts of the
provinces, in disbanding the Newaub's troops, and restoring order.
In 1803, it being a time of peace in India, he obtained a furlough to
Europe, for the benefit of his health, and was captured by a French
privateer in the channel, and detained a prisoner of war till 181
returned to India in 1817 ; was appointed to command at Cut
March 1820 ; and in the following year arrived in England*



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292 THE EAST INDIA.

MAJOR DAVID PRICE.

(Bombay Establishment.)

This officer quitted England in the Company's ship, Essex, in March
1781, on his way to India, having obtained the Appointment ' of a
cadet on the Bombay establishment ; and after beirtg present in the
action with De Suffrein's squadron in Porto Pray a bdy, reached Ma*-
dcas on the 24th Aug*, of the same year- '

Proceeding down the Coromandel coast towards his ultimate des-
tination, he solicited, and obtained permission, to serve as an acting
ensign with the troops employed under Sir Hector Munro, for the
reduction of the Dutch settlement of Negapatamj and on the cap-
ture of that place he proceeded further with the British squadron,
under Sir Edw. Hughes, towards Trincomalle, in the island of Cteylon ;
where he again served in the same capacity of acting ensign, with
the detachment of volunteer Sepojrs, employed with the seamen atid
marines, in storming the works of Fort Ostenburg, at the entrance of
the inner harbour of Trincomale.

He then rgoined the ship, in which he prosecuted his voyage to-
wards Bombay; where, after having repulsed an attack from some
piratical cruisers, add being subsequently dismasted in a tremendous
hurricane, and after a variety of contingencies, some of them of ia
perilous description, he finally arrived ^n the 31st April 1782. The
21st Nov. following he obtained an ensigncy, and accompanied the
division proceeding to the Malubar coast, under Gen. Mathews^
landed uiider the guns of Rajahmundroog in Canara, and being
ordiercd td join the Snd batt. N. L^lheli under the command of Capt:
Carpenter, served under that vfeter^h arid aUle officer in a variety of
detached operations, which effectually secured the northern district of
Sadashengurr, or Carwar, against all the attempts of the enemy to re-
possess it, until the pacification with Tippoo towards the commence-



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MiLiTCAflT';eA£Sjr2rAR. SI8&

itielit df 1^76^ in oonsequ^nde cf -VUdB", thft whole of Canalra being
re-ceded to tii&Sultauin, the batt ne^^juned tb^e Presid^cy/ '\

From ttot period to the year lt909 the British possessions in India
being, with little ii;iterroption, perinitted to cultivate the arts of peace,
nothing occurred of moment for military record. But on the 24th dP
Mety in that year, in consequence of the attack on the Rajah of TraL-*
vancore by Tippoo Sultaun, this officer, who had been promoted
2d Feb. 1788, left the Presidency, with the detachment of troops,
under Capt. (afterwards Col.) Little, destined to co-^p^ate with the
Mahrattas, against the MyscHre territory. Having j(»ned the alUes
under PurseramBhow, the combined troops appeared, on the 14th Sept.,
before Darwar, a foirtress then of considerable importance in the
northern frontier of the Sultaun's dominions.

Having subsequently served in the siege of that place, and a prac-
ticable breach being reported, on 7th Feb. 1791, Lieut* P. was employed
with a grenadier company to attack a half-moon in the covert way
of the fort, and under fire of the principal tower he received two
musket wounds, one in the arm and the other in the leg, in conse-
quence of which, on the 2d March following, the latter was amputated.

On the 12th April ensuing, after the surrender of Darwar, Lieut. P.
was obliged to quit the troops then on their march to the southward,
and proceed to the Mahratta capital of Poonah, where he remained
attached tp Sir Charles Malet's escort (then the Resident) until the
treaty of peace concluded by Lord Cornwallis, before the metropolis
of Seringapatam, again deprived the soldier of his occupation. He
was then removed to a stafi^ appointment at Surat

In 1795 he received the appointment of judge-advocate to the army
under the Presidency of Bombay, being then a capt. by brevet. This
appointment he continued to hold until his departure from India.
In 1797-8 Capt. P. accompanied Col. Dow, as secretary, on an expe-
dition into the jdistrict of Wynaad, above the Malabar Ghauts ; on
his jeturn from which, he twice narrowly escaped being cut off by the
enemy.

In the early part of 1799 he proceeded, as judge-advocate and



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S84 THS SA8T INBIA

Peraimn tiranalator to Lieut-G^i. Stuart, the Coai-*in-Qii6f, with &e
Bombay division destined to co-operate in the aiege of Seringi^patam ;
was present at the memorable repulse of the Sultaon's troops at See-
diveir hill, on the 6th of March, and during the siege and final reduc-
tion of the capital of Mysore, which took place on the 4th of May.
Capt P. remained at Seringapatam until the succeeding month of Oct,
when he returned to the Malabar coast, and finally to the Presidmicy
of Bombay.

The 25th June 1804, he attained the rank of maj. ; and in Fd[>.
1805, after a continual service approaching to twenty-four years, Maj.
P. received the permission of government to return to Europe on fur-*
lou^ On the 8lh Sept. following he arrived in Eng^nd, and in
Oct. 1807 retired from the service.



MAJOR-GENERAL EDWARD SWIFT BROUGHTON.

(Bengal EitabUshment.J

This officer was appointed a cadet in 1777 : he tirrived in Calcutta,
and was promoted to ensign in July 1778 ; in Oct. following to lieut,
and appointed to the 1st European reg. in the field. In 1780 he was
removed to the 3d batl. N. I., which corps formed part of the detach-
ment of batts. under Lieut.-Col. Cockerdl, which, as before stated,
marched to Madras, joined the grand army, and served with it during
the whole war in Mysore.

In 1796 ^ Lieut. B. was promoted to capt*, and in 1798 his batt.
formed part of Sir Jas. Craig's army assembled at Anopsheher, to op-
pose Zemaun Shaw, who threatened the invasion of Hindostan, but a
rebellion in his own country obliged him to return. In 1800 Capt. B.
was promoted to maj., and posted to the 2d European reg* In Oct.
Lord Wellesley appointed him to the command of a volunteer batt of



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MILITAET CALSNBAE. 285

Sepoys, 1100 strong, which aonbarked on a secret expedition, rendez-
voused at Trincomale, and was joined by sereral corps under Gen.
Baird, and sailed in Feb. for the Red Sea; six companies reached
their destination, but the transports, with the other four companies
and staff, and part of H. M/s 80th reg., under CoL Champagn6,
the second in command, were obliged to bear up for Bombay,
being in want of water and provisions, having been seventeen wedcs
at sea.

In Jan« 180S Maj. B. embarked with the four companies for a Por-
tuguese settlement in the gulph of Cambay, aAd was afterwards em-
pk>yed in the Guzerat, under Gov- Duncan, who expressed his appro-
bation in general orders of the good conduct of the corps. In July he
embarked and returned to Calcutta, where, on his arrival in Aug.,
Lord Wellesley appointed him to the command of the Ramghur batt.
In July 180S he was promoted to lieut.-col., and war breaking out with
the Mahrattas he was appointed to command a detachment, consisting
of about 3000 men. Lt^-Col B. entered Sumbhulpoor, belonging to
the NagporeRi^h, and reduced the whole province, which was ceded
to the Hon. Company at the peace, and for this service he received the
aon^Ded thanks of the Gov-Gen. in council. In 1806 he obtained
permission to r^um to England on inrlough, and in 1808 the Court
of Directors appointed him Lieut.-Gov. of their island of St. Helena.
T1ielstJan.l813,hewas promoted, by brevet, to Col., and in 181S so-
licited and obtained the Court of Directors' permbsion to resign and
r^um to England on furlough, having been five years Lieut-Go v.
The 4th June 1814 he was promoted to the rank of Maj.-Gen.

^^ To Ueutenant'Cohnel Broughtan*
^^ I am directed to take this opportunity of signifying to you, that
bis Excdlency in council has remarked, with sentiments of the highest
approbation, the zeal, activity, judgment, fortitude, and ability,
which have distinguished your conduct, both during the continu-
ance of the war, and since the conclusion of peace ; and his Ex-
cellency in council has great satisfaction in recording this public



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S86 :tm^r east isdia: *^

acknowledgmentof the services tb^^ed^^^ th^ Hon. Comply by
3rour zealous^ able, kndjudiciobd exertions, in the e<ecutioH iffthf^ itiir-
t>ortant duties comniitted to ydur charge.

(Signed) " N. B, Edmonst<w», Sec- to Govt.

'' Fart WilUam, Jug. 10,1804/'



LIEUTENANT-COLONEt JAMfeS SMITH.

(Bombay EHablishmetii.)

This officer was appointed a cadet in 1791 ; and in March ot* the
^same year embarked for India. . On his arrival, in July following, he
was comtnissioned with retrospective effect^ and posted to the Sd
Bombay European reg.^ quartered at Bombay ; and on the breaking
up of the montooQ^ in Sept., he was removed and posted, permanently
to the old 7th batt, which corps he joined on thb coast ctf Malabar.
The army, under Gen. Sir Robert Abercroraby, was then about to
break ground from Cananore, preparatory to the second campaign
against Tippoo Sultaun ; the 7lh batt. bdonged to this artny, and
with it this officer proceeded to Seringapatara^ where he participated
in the various services which fell to the lot of the Bombay army, un-
der its distinguished general. On the conclusion of hostilities with
Tippoo in 1792, the army retraced its steps to Cananore, and
was broken up, the brigades and corps belonging to it moving to their
respective destinations* The 7th batt. next proceeded with the gre-
nadier batt. and a company of art, the whole placed under the late
Lieut-Gen. R. Gore, to Caticut* The cession of Malabar to the Coqi-
pany placing the civil and military controul of thtit fine province
under the government of Lord Corn wallis, rendered Calicut, from its
centrical situation, a position of considerable importance, and it con^



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MIXITAKT JQAXBlfDAa. S&J

wqumitljr beomne ikt hemS-^tpxiarten of tfce CQi]iiitaidMi^<^ffit«v in tlie
province, the laM Ma}.<«G6ii. Hartley.

From theomd of 1792 to 179^) ihe subject of this memoip was ac-
tively employed with his corps in different parts of the southern pro^
vince of Malabar, more particularly in the pursuit and ultimate dis-
persion of the force under that active and enlerprieing- rebel, Oona
Moota. On the commencement of the dry season, in Sept 1795, his
corps was Suddenly ordered up to the presidency, to reinforce die garr
rison of BomJbay; more as a precautionary measure than arising
from any actual necessity, to guard against any hostile attempt on thb
part of the French fleet, then in the Indian seas. About this time he
succeeded to the adjutantcy, and he was engaged in the duties of that
appointment till* tb^ end of 1798, the corps to which he belonged
haying become in the^ intmm the 2d bait. 4th r6g.;«the new regi-
mental systan which tooit place in 1796 throughout India, occasioning
an alteration in. the numbers of regiments*

At tlie commeficement of 1799 this officer stcccnnpanied Colond
Little^ s brigade into the Mahratta country, to join and co-operate
with the Mahratta army against Tippoo SuHaun, and ultimately
to net in concert with the grand army, under Gen. Harris, in the
operations before Seringapatam. The expectatiom entertained of
jfCHOing the army in Mysore was however frustmted by the duplicity