John Philippart.

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had previously been directed to do duty in the 9th reg., stationed at
Shahabad, in Rolnlcund,which corps he actually joined, and thus had
an c^>p6h;unity of visiting all the principal military stations, then oc-
cup3ring the line of the river Ganges, and of obtaining, at this early
period, a degree of topograpical and local knowledge of a country in
which he was destined to serve, that under other circumstances he
could not have acquired for years* In 1804 he was, at the recommen-



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MILITABT CALENDAR. 311

dation of his commanding officer, appointed adjv to the 2d batt., and
in 1806 adj. and quart-mast* to the reg.

During the campaign of J 803-4 the situation of his corps precluded
its participation in that war, and though in the subsequent year it had
approached nearer to thesc^qe of active operations, it was employed
in the less conspicuous, though not less honourable or dangerous duty,
of reducing fortresses in the Dooaub; which were occupied and
resolutely defended by the foriper pwsessors of the ai^acent lands.
On the 1st Jan. 1807 Lieut C obtained his company; and in June
1811 he was nominated sub-assist commtssary-g^n., in which capacity
he accompanied the force, under Maj-Gen. .5ir G- Martindellt. em-
ployed in the reduction of Callinger, a hill fortress in Bundlecund.
In March 1813 Capt C was appointed an assisb-commissary-igep.

The general calm wfatch fcdkKwed the jcesi^tion of hostiUtiesin 1805,
was not disturbed till the' rupture with the Nepaulese in 1814» PQ
which occasicm Capt. C. was sdected for the charge of the ooO^nvs-
sariat departm^it, attached to. the forces destined to penetrate to the
centre of the enem/s territoi^^ and to obtain possession 6f their ca-
pital. He was present under Maj.-Gen. . Sir D. Ochtarlony, at the
attack and defence of the hdghts near Muckwanpore, which led to
the immediate subjection of the Nepaulese by tJbeir ratification of ike
treaty of peace previously proposed.

In Feb. 1817 Capt. C. accompamed the army, under Maj.-Gen.
Sir D. MarshaU, during the siege of Hattrass : in Oct fc^lowing he
was attached to, and aocompanied,. as chief of his department, thQ
right division of the grand army, under Lieut-Gen. Sir Rufane
Donkin. He obtained jhis majority in Oct 1818, and was appointed
dep.9Commis.-gen* of the Bengal army, in July 1821.



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S12 THB SA&T INDIA



MAJOR HENRY HODSON.

(Bengal Establishment.)

Tffis officer was appointed a cadet in 1798, promoted to ensign in
Sept. 1799, and joined the 2d batt 9th N. I. at Caunpoor, in Dec.
following. After visiting Agra, in company with Sir James Craig,
in the early part of 1800, the first duty he was ordered on was that
of forming part of a detachment, tinder Maj. Lally, that escorted
Vizier Ally by water from Caunpoor to Allahabad, in progress to Fort
William. In May 1800 he was promoted to lieut, and was em-
ployed with the above corps the greatest part of that year, and the
succeeding one, in quelling different disturbances in the dominions of
the Nabob of Oude. In 1802 he was permanently posted to the 2d
batt. 12th N. I., which was selected the same year by Lord Wellesley,
to form his personal escort to Lucknow. Early in 1803 the batt.
joined the force under Lord Lkke, then employed against the refrac-
tory Killedars of Sasnee and Bejighur, two mud-forts, situated in
the Dooaub, between Furruckabad and Agra ; they were reduced
after some difficulty and no inconsiderable loss of lives, particularly
in the beating back of the storming party at the former, and the
blowing up of a powder-magazine in taking possession of the latter,
by which a distinguished officer of the art. (LieUt.-Col. Gordon) lost
his life.

After this service the batt. remained some months in garrison at
Bejighur, and Lieut. H. proceeded thence on sick leave to the
presidency, from thence to Bombay, afterwards to Madras, and
eventually, in 1804, to England. On his return to Bengal, in 1808,
he joined his batt., then at Purtaub Ghur, in Oude ; and in the close
of that year, and beginning of the succeeding one, it was employed in
very active service in the reduction of a string of mud-forts in the
Handeea district, bordering on the Company's provinces of Benares



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 313

and Jnanpore. In Sept. 1809 he was promoted to capt., and in Dec.
marched with the batt. to the cantonment of Dinapore. In Aug. 1810
he volunteered, with two junior officers and 200 men of his corps,
for the expedition against the Isle of France, and was at the capture
of that colony in Dec. following. Capt. H. remained thirteen months
in garrison on the island, and returned to Bengal in Jan. 1811 ; three
months after he embarked with the batt. in boats at Calcutta for Chit-
tagong, to co-operate in the campaign against the Birmans. Early
in 1813 the corps relumed to Calcutta, and in July of the same year,
Capt. H. was obliged, from ill health, to proceed to the late French
islands; from thence he continued his voyage to the Cape of Good
Hope, St. Helena, and Europe, and returned to India again in' May
1818. In Aug.' following he obtained his majority, joined his corps
at Muttra in December, and in February 1819 succeeded to the
comtnand of it. In Feb. 1820 he was appointed, with the left wing
of the corps, to the command of the fort and station of Allyghur, in
the Dooaub, where he remained till Oct. of that year, when the
whole batt. (united again) removed to the station of Etaweh, and
of which post and corps Maj. H. was appointed commandant.



LIEUT..COL.-COM. HUGH S. OSBORNE.

{Bombay Establishment.)

In May 1790 this officer joined the Bombay Europ. reg. as ensign;
was present with it at the storm of Tippoo's battery on the heights
near Cananore, the capture of several small redoubts^ and the sur-
render of the enemy's army, under Hussan Ally Cawp, in 1791 ;
during the early part of the campaign he served with the army under
Maj.-Gen. Robert Abercromby. As lieut, he was employed partly
with the 2d and pardy with the 3d batt N. I. on field service, fixm

S 8



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314 THE EAST INDIA

June 1792 to Oct 1794, against the Mopla rebels in the south of
Malabar.

Preferment being held out to such of the Company's officers as
made themselves acquainted with the Malabar language, Lieut O.,
in 1796, obtained the situation of translator, to which was afterwards
a^ded re^^rar to a civil court in the northern division of the pro^
y^QCQ, an4 io which he continued until 1799j when he joined his
corps^ the 1st bait. 2d reg» N. I* ; was employed with it during the
siege of Seringapatamy ^nd commanded a flank company of Sepoys
op the 4th May 1799> the day of the storm.

^jsc^pt, this oflBcer was appointed, in 1800, collector, judge, and
nciagistrate of three district^ below the Ghauts, apd subsequently of
l^ynaad in the upper country ; from which he was removed, on the
trapsfer of the Malaban province to the Madras government, in Oct.
180L He ^henrejq^ned, his corps ; and early in 1302 was appointed
brig.-maj., after ward§ altered to that of mil- sec., and Malabar
translator to the commanding-officer of the province, which situation
he held until May 160^ being most of that tinie emplpyed in 'Co-
tiote and Wynaad, w^th the troops commanded by CoL Johp Mon*
tresor, of H. M/s 80th reg., and latterly with Col. Alex. Macleod, of
the Madras establishment. In 1805, on the restoration of tranquilHty,
Captain O. returned to England ; on which occasion the following
general order was issued : —

" General Orders^ Bombay Castle, Dec. 13, 1805.
" The Hon. the Gov. in Council is pleased to permit Capt Os-
borne, of the Bombay European reg., to proceed to Europe on
ftirlough, on his private aflaiis, agreeably to the regulations. Capt.
Osborne's services in Malabar, as well in the civil line as in his own
prplessional capacity, have merited the approbation of the Hon.
the Gov, in Couucil, and will be brought to the favourable notice of
the Hon. the Court of Directors/'

1» 1806 Capt. O, returned to India, and 25th Feb. 1807 was



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MItlTAET CALENDAR. 515

promoted to major. In the latter year he was ^sippointed to the
ecnnmaad of Broach ; and resigning that situation, as lieut-colonel,
Hd 1814, he obtained the command of a native corps until June
1815, when he proceeded in command of a brigade on field ser-
vice to Cutcb, with the force commanded by Colonel East, of the
Company's service, and returned to Baroda in April 1816. In
Jan« 1817 he was appointed to the command of Tannah, and in
Nov. of the same year, by desire of Lieut.-Gen. Nightingall, pro-
ceeded to take the command of the troops at Poonah, but lost
the opportunity of commanding the line against the Peishwa's
army on the memorable 5th of Nov., having arrived an hour too
late ; but the credit of the Bombay army was nobly sustained by
Ihe late gallant and excellent oflScer Lieut.-Col. Burr*.

Lieut.-Col. Osborne was next appointed, by Maj.-Gen. Smitii,
to the command of a brigade, and employed with it in a smart
action, opposed to the whole of the Peishwa's troops, in crossing
a place called the Jellua Ford, at four o'clock in the afternoon of
the l6th November, when the enemy being driven off, and thear
camp found deserted on Gen. Smith's arrival on the following
morning, with the principal part of his force, Lieut.-Col. O. con-
tinued in command of his brigade on field service against the Mah-
rattas until 1818, when he obtained the command of the Guibawar
subsidiary force, and which he held until 1821, and then returned
to Europe.



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL RICHARD SCOTT.

(Bengal Establishment.)

Appointed a cadet on the Bengal Establishment in 1768; ens. Feb.
18, 1769; lieut. June 16, 1770; capt. Aug. 26, 1779; maj. March 1,



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316 THE EAST INDIA

1794; and lieut.-col. June 1, 1796. Tliis ofiicer, in 1778, was ap-
pointed brig.-maj. under that excellent disciplinarian, the late Col.
Ironside, then commanding the third brigade: this appointment
Capt. Scott held till the year 1781, when the Bengal army being re-
formed into thirty-six regiments of two battalions, he was nominated
to the 1st batt. 26th reg., then under orders to the coast, which, with
four other native regs., composed a part of Col. Pearce's detachment ;
and, upon the death of its commanding-officer, Capt. Scott suc-
ceeded to the command of the reg., which he retained during the
arduous campaigns of Sir Eyre Coote against Hyder and TippoO
Sultaun ; and at the close of the war the Bengal force returned to
the presidency, when the Gov. Gen. in Cpuncil conferred the com-
mand of the 26th reg. upon Capt. Scott, as a reward for his services,
although from his army rank he was not eligible to such command by
seniority.

In the year 1790, war again breaking out witl) Tippoo Sultaun,
the 26th reg. was selected, with some other distinguished corps, by
Lord Comwallis, to serve under his personal command on the coast :
accordingly a large detachment proceeded to the coast, under Lt-Col.
John Cockerell*, whose merits, from having served under Gen.
Goddard, were fully appreciated by the Bengal government. The
26th reg. distinguished itself at the capture of Bangalore, and the
attack upon the entrenched lines before Seringapatam.

Some time after the return of the allied armies from Seringapatam,
on the failure of the attempt against that capital, in May 1791, CapL
Scott was detached with the batt. he commanded, 26th Bengal N. I.,
lo escort the convoy of stores, ammunition, &c., then on the way
from the Carnatic to join the army, by the route of Amboor. This
convoy was accompanied by the greater part of the Europeans
landed that season, the recovered men, the recruits for the native
corps with the army, and the Bombay volunteers ; all of whom, to-
gether with the magazine, came up the Pednaigdurgum pass. As

* J^ide Services, p. 114.



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MILITARY CALENDAB. 317

i\ke magaziDe stores^ carried by not fewer than 18 or 30,000 bul-
locks, was of more easy conveyance than the heavy train, it was s^it
on in advance from Amboor, with the Europeans and Natives, and
joined the 26th Bengal batt., which awaited their arrival at the head
of Pednaigdurgum pa9s» Capt* Scott, anxious to join the army,
with the important convoy now under his direction, moved forward
without delay. His escort consisted of the Europeans brought out
in the ships of the season, amounting to 900; men for the native
corps, 1000; Bombay volunteers, 500, (under their respective offi*
cers,) and two troops of cavalry, under the Hon. Lieut Sentleger ;
all these added to Capt. Scott^s own batt. of veterans, formed a body
of upwards of 3000 soldiers, which in Europe would be considered
as a command suited to the rank of a general officer.

The escort continued its march without any particular occurrence
till it had gained a position to the westward of Colar. Here Capt.
Scott received accounts from Capt. Read, an officer who was justly
considered as the grand centre of intelligence, giving information of
the enemy having unexpectedly appeared in great force; that the
officer in command of Duanulla, which was not distant above 12
or 14 coss from Capt. Scott's position, had evacuated that fort, on the
near approach of this body of the enemy, whose probable object, it
was conceived, was to intercept and cut off the magazine, and ad-
vising Capt. Scott, in consequence, to make a forced march to t^
southward, through the jungle. This intelligence was in the highest
d^ree alarming, and the situation not less critical. It is neces-
sary to remark, that officers in command of escorts or detach-
ments had orders to attend to the directions that should be com-
municated to them by Capt Read, in consequence of any intelli-
gence he might collect. Capt. Scott therefore would have been
acting in Uteral obedience to his orders, and fully justified in his
conduct, whatever might have been the result, had he followed the
instructions of Capt. Read ; but the ardent zeal of Capt. Scott, and
his anxiety for the public good, was not confined by the narrow
principle which does not extend the line of duty beyond the dis-



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318 THE BAST INDIA

charge of prescribed rule. In the critical situation in which he stood,
he waved all attention to the feelings of personal interest, and wished
not to shrink from the responsibility annexed to a deviation from
ordeFS^ when he conceived that it was likely to promote the public
good. Circumstanced as he then was he judiciously considered,
that the safety of the essential supplies, under his convoy, was of
more importance than that of the convoy itself, for the loss of these
supplies must necessarily have protracted the duration of the war,
not improbably to the extent of an additional campaign. He con-
sidered that a night march through the jungle, as advised, would ex-
pose tfie magazine to evident risk ; for under such circumstances the
incursion of a few Coolies, of whom there were always many ho-
vering round, ready to take advantage of the least appearance of
confusion, might have been sufficient to have driven off and dis-
persed the numerous train of bullocks conveying the magazine;
and further, it was highly probable that the alarm created by a night
march, occasioned by the dread of an enemy, would have made such
an unfavourable impression on the bullock drivers, as to have in-
duced them to consult their safety by flight. These and other consi-
derations determined Capt. Scott to keep his ground till the morning;
he did so; and the result fully vindicated the propriety of the mea-
sure. It was ascertained, that Capt. Read's intelligence, perhaps the
only instance in the course of the war, was erroneous. The fort of
Duanulla, it is true, had been evacuated from the belief of the intel-
ligence of the enemy's advance ; but on finding that the report ori-
ginated in the appearance of a large body of Mahratlas, who were
mistaken for the enemy, it was re-occupied by its former garrison.
Capt Scott, on determining to keep his ground, immediately dis-
patched an harcarrah to Lord Cornwallis, announcing the intelli-
gence he had received, and stating the motives that induced him to
decline the measure recommended, and his lordship expressed him-
self as highly pleased with the firm and judicious conduct of Capt.
Scott. The escort, with its convoy, proceeded in perfect safety and
good order, and after a few easy marches joined the encampment of



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 319

the grand army. The junction of this convoy was of the highest im-
portance : it had under its charge the magazine and military stores
for the future prosecution of the war, atid was the most important
convoy and strongest detachment that joined the army during the
campaign.*

A detachment under the command of Lient.-Col. Robert, the late
Gen*, Stuart, marched against the strong hill-fort of Outradroog, on
the 334 Dec. ; and from the capability of its defence, and the reputa-
tion of its Killedar, an obstinate resistance was expected. The flag
that was sent to summon being fired on, Lieut.-Col. Stuart, on the
morning of the 24th, ordered Capt. Scott, with four companies of the
52d and 72d regts., and his own batt. of Sepoys, to escalade the lower
fort; and on gaining possession of it, Capt. Scott had directions to
remain until die neeessary arrangements wjere made for the assault
of the upper fort. Lieut-Col* Stuart, who was well acquainted with
the military ardour of Capt* Scott, perceived that he was proceeding
to the. assaqlt of the upper fort^ and expecting ah obstinate defence,
he sent an aid-de-camp to Capt* Scott, to enjoin the observance of the
former order. But Capt. Scott, with a presence of mind almost pe-
culiar to himself, and a promptitude to decide in the most difficult
situations, saw clearly, that the favourable opportunity fot* assault
that now presented would be speedily withdrawn, and that the mo-
ment then lost was irretrievable; for the enemy, astotiished at the
rapidity of the attack of the lower fort, and alarmed dt the resolute
approach of the assailants, became panic struck; fear succeeded
astonishment, and presented a striking example of what Marshal
Saxe terms le comr humam ; Capt* Scott aware that this infatuated
state of the enemy would secure an easy victory, determined to rush
on to the assault; he himself, with the greatest part of his men, were
slung up the rocks and precipices, by ropes and turbans fastened on
end ; and having either escaladed or forced the gateways of the dif-
ferent walls, the fort was carried almost without any attempt at de-

* Vide Letters of Fabricius, 1793.



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S20 THB EAST INDIA

fence. Tlius by the well-timed gallantry erf Capt Scolt this impor-
tant fortress was added to the list of our conquests, without the loss on
our part of one single individual ; and which, but for this spirited coup
de main J might have stood a siege of some length*.

Capt. Scott remained at the head of the 26th reg. till the peace with
"Hppoo, when he resigned, owing to confirmed bad health, resulting
from active service in the two wars.

In 1796, when the India service was reformed, and on which occa-
sion Capt. Scott, as a member of a committee^ of officers, was of
signal service in obtaining the valuable concessions granted to the
Company's army, by that liberal statesman, the late Viscount Mel-
ville, (whose memory should be held in grateful remembrance by
every military servant of the East India Company), Capt. Scott
thereby promoted to the rank of lieut.-col. was posted to the 4th reg.,
and proceeded to join his corps in Bengal, where, after remaining
a short time, and finding the army of thirty-six batts* condensed into
twelve unweildy regts.J^ and that there was little chance of obtaining
a reg. in a reasonable period, he was constrained with other lieut.-
cols, to retire, 9th Sept. 1797, on full pay, with his constitution so
impaired as to leave no hopes of his being able to encounter further
active service.

• Letters of Fabricias, 179S. f Vide page 23.

X The impolicy of forming twelve heavy corps from thirty-six fine battalions, certainly
was the only cause of depriving the Bengal army of many valuable officers, on which ac-
count it is to be regretted, that the honours of the Bath were not allowed to have a retio-
spective efiect, so as to confer upon several retired officers of the three establishments,
those rewards for services, which have been either overlooked or cast into oblivion ; the
only consolation they possess^ is the gratification of seeing many of their juniors in the
service obtaining those honours, and that promotion, which their services under a Welles-
}ey, a Wellington, a l«ke, and a Hastings, have been the means of drawing into action^



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MILITARY CALENDAR. SSI

LIEUT-COLONEL VALENTINE BLACKER, C. B.

(Madras E^ablishment.)

This officer served as a cornet during the Mysore campaign, with a
troop of cav. of the Nizam's contingent, originally raised by tl^
French at Hyderabad : he was present at the battle of Malavilly ;
joined in charge of a party of cav. the detachment of troops under
Col. Stevenson in Dec. 1800, employed in Wynaad; and, when the
cav., from the nature of the country, were sent back, he acted as
aid-de-camp to Col. Stevenson during the remainder of the military
operations. He next served with his own reg. in the operations to
the southward, under Col. Agnew ; he received -a pike wound in a
charge at Panjalumcourchy ; had his horse piked under him ; was
thanked by Col Agnew, commanding the force, for leading a com-
pany which surprised a party of the enemy near Calarcial, and for
leading a successful charge of cav. against a party of inf. In 1802
he acted as secretary to Col. Pater, commanding the southerly divi-
sion, during eight months. In Nov. of the same year he was ap-
pointed assist. -quart.-mast.-gen. and capt. of guides ; and marched
in charge of the quart.-mast.-gen.'s department, with the troops
assembled under Gen. Baird, at the opening of the Mahratta war,
and returned from the field in Sq[>t 1803; he was eight months,
from July 1804 to April 1805, in charge of the quart.-mast.-gen/s
department, with a body of troops assembled in the Chittoor PoUams,
during which he led parties to the attack of two droogs (Nareul
and Moogral), and was thanked by the officer commanding the
force. In Aug. 1806 he was appointed dep.-quart.-mast.-gen. of
the army, and was in charge of that department in 1809$ during
the military operations from Quilon, under CoL Chalmers. In July
1809 he took charge of the quart-mast.-geii.'s department, with the
troops assembled at St. Thomas's mount, and marched with the

T T



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322 THfi EAST IITDIA

corps under Col. Close to Seronge, whaice he was recalled to head-
quarters, and in April 1810 appointed quart.-mast.-gen. of the army.
In 1815 he took the field, at the head of the quart.-mast-geii.'s de-
partment, with the array* of reserve assembled on the frontier, un-
der the command of Sir T. Hislop ; in 1817 he joined the army
of the Deccan in the same official situation, and being constantly
present with the Com.-in-Chief during the campaign, was at the battle
of Mehidpoor, and the assault of Talneir.

Lieut.-Col. B. was subsequently appointed surveyor-gen. of India.
In 1821 he returned to Europe on sick certificate; on which occa-
sion the Gov. in council expressed, in general orders, " his high sense
of the eminent and scientific services of Lieut.-Col. B., as quart.-
mast.-gen. of the army of Fort St. George, during a period of ten
years." Lieut.-Col. B. was appointed a companion of the Bath 14th
October 1818.

The following are public testimonials of this officer's servides : —

^^ To hisEspc.LieuL'Gen. Sir J. F. Crodock^ K. B. Com-m-Ckief."
" Silt, — I consider it no less an act of justice than a duty incum-
bent on me, before I quit ^e station of quart.-mast.-gen., to state to
yqur Excray opinion of the merits of Capt. Blacker, who, for a
period of hearly four years, has been my assistant in office, and capt
of guides. In carrying on the duties of my department, I have ever
found the utofiost readiness in Capt. B. to afford me his assistance ;
which, from his active zeal, his general and local knowledge, and his
professional talents, could not fail to be attended with beneficial con-
sequences. His skill in regulating the marches of troops, in pointing