John Philippart.

The East India military calendar: containing the services of ..., Volume 1 online

. (page 30 of 45)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

1st batt. 24th, under Maj. Fagan of the former corps, and at pre-
sent in command of the troops at Lucknow, afforded the Com.-in-
Chief high satisfaction, not only from the excellence of the perform-
ance of both batts., but from the successful example it exhibited, of
the utility and benefit that must result to the service, from an assidu-
ous and zealous attention on the part of officers i^i command, to
the general orders which enjoin the exercise of troops in brigade,
whenever circumstances admit of it. Those advantages were this
morning very conspicuous in the different movements of the brigade,
reviewed by his Exc. ; admirably well selected with reference to prac-
tical utility in the field, and executed with a promptitude, regularity,
and precision, highly creditable to Maj. Fagan, and the officers and
men of both batts., that manoeuvred under his directions on this
occasion. Although the Com-in-Chief had reason to be satisfied, in
every respect, with the appearance and performance of both corps,
justice to the 2d batt. Ipth, and to Maj. Fagan, the officer who has
so long held the executive command of it, requires that his Exc,
should notice with peculiar approbation, and with his marked



Digitized by



Google



MILITARY CALENDAR. 335

acknowledgment, the very high state of discipline in which heJias
found diat fine corps/'

In July 1813 Maj. F. was called from the active duties of his
profession, and appointed judge-adv.-gen- The 14th of July 1815
he obtained the rank of lieut-coL; and in Dec* 1816, declining
health compelled him to quit India for his native country, on which
occasion the Gov.-Gen. recorded his approbation of this officer's
official conduct, in the following general orders to the army :—

. " Fort William, Jan. 28, 1817.

' ^ The Right Hon. the Gov.-Gen. in council, in communication
with his Exc* the Com.-in-Chief, under whose immediate authority
the administration of military law is conducted, performs a gratifying
part of his public duty,; in recording the high sense entertained by
the government of Lieut *Col- Fagan's eminent merit and.^alous
services, duritfg the period that he tias filled the distinguished office
of judge-ad v.-gen. in Bengal ; and his lordship in council deeply re-
grets, that continued ill health should have compelled the lieut.-col.
to return to Europe, and to relinquish the honourable emplojtfnent,
which he has filled with so much credit to himself ^nd advantage to
the state/'



THE LATE LIEUT.-COL. CHARLES J. BOND.

(Bombay Establishment. J

This o&cer was appointed a cadet on the Bombay establishment
in ^94, and entered the corps of art. in 1796. On the breaking
put of the war in My^re with Tippoo Sultaun in 1798, he was



Digitized by



Google



336 THE EAST INDIA

ordered to join the army under Gen. John Stewart^ encamped on
the heights of Cananore ; he proceeded with the army, and was at
the siege and capture of Seringapatam. During this service he was
in the several attacks made by the enemy on the covering parties
for the batt^ies, in one of which, when under the command of
Lieut -Ck)l. Mignan, the enemy were repulsed with considerable
loss in killed and wounded : at the close of the attack this officer
was wounded. The following year he again took the field with a
force under the command of Lieut.-Col. Sartorius, in the province
of Canara, and was at the capture of the important fort of Jemau-
labad, after an arduous and difficult siege. This fortress was in our
possession a few months, when it was retaken by the enemy, and
the commanding officer of the garrison killed. He again accom-
panied a force under Lieut-Col- Cummings, of H. M.'s 75th reg.,
and was a second time at the siege and capture of this formidaUe
fortress, which was again attended with considerable fatigue, and the
loss of many men in killed and wounded. On his return from this
service he was appointed adj. to the corps of art. When the expe-
dition was ordered to proceed to Egypt under Lieut.-Gen- Sir D.
Baird, this officer volunteered his services, and accompanied the
army across the great desert, from Cossier to Gennah, on the banks
of the Nile, and shortly after reached Grand Cairo, just as the French
troops were about to evacuate that city. He was in Egypt the whole
of the time the Indian army was there : in 1806, he again joined the
field force under Col. Wallace in the Deccan, and remained till the
latter end of 1807, when he was appointed to act as dep.-commis-
sary of stores in Guzerat. From his services, and standing in the
corps, he naturally looked forward to succeed to this office on a
vacancy occurring; but was disappointed, and rejoined his corps,
with which he remained till 1809, and was in that year ordered with
the expedition under Commodore Ferrier to the Persian gulph. He
commanded the whole of the art. on this service, and on his return
was appointed to the command of the art. attached to the force under
Lieut.-Col. Lionel Smith of H. M.^s 65th reg. in Kattywar ; was at



Digitized by



Google



MILITARY CALENDAR. 337

the siege and capture of the principal forts in that country ; and re-
ceived the thanks of that officer for his conduct. The following jrear
he was ordered to join the field force, and take the command of the
art in the Deccan: he remained with this force till 1816, during
which period the army was almost constantly under canvas, and
marching in different directions. On the breaking out of the Mah-
ratta war he was appointed to the command of a detachment of
troops, for the attack of the important fort of Savendroog, conjointly
with Capt. Hill, of H. M/s ship. Tower : at the expiration of this
service he was appointed to command the art., with the field force
under Lieut.-Col. Prother, for the conquest of the territory in the
south Concan, belonging to the Peishwa. In this laborious service he
sufiered more from fatigue than even in crossing the desert of Cossier;
this country was never before visited by European troops, and is
a continued chain of mountains, covered with impenetrable woods,
numerous forts situated on stupendous heights, 2000 to 3000 feet
above the level of the plain, with scarcely the appearance of a
road leading to them. In this wild country the army was necessi-
tated to carry with it almost every article of consumption, except-
ing grass. The art- branch, having a heavy train of ordnance and
stores to transport over these unfrequented ghauts, at a dreadful
season of the year, accomplished their labours, under circumstances
of extraordinary difficulty, in the face of an enemy, and under the
rays of a burning sun« The difficulty of taking position for batteries
to bombard these heights, was no less arduous than dangerous, as
it was impossible to march under cover to their forts, their extreme
heights commanding every possible approach. Maj. Bond joined
the army at Pallee, a strong and fortified hill fort, and was at its
siege and capture. The army then proceeded to Boorup, situated
more to the eastward, remarkably strong, and also a hill fort, about
2400 feet high. This fortress was reduced after a bombardment
of three days, and the garrison surrendered. Maj. B then pro-
ceeded with the train of art- towards the important fortress of Lo-
ghur and Essapour, two forts of remarkable strength, situated above

X X



Digitized by



Google



3S8 THE BAST INDIA

the Ghauts in thef Deccan, both of which also sorrendeted. The
anny then proceeded to the folrt of Koarre, a hill fort of the same
description, commanding an important pass on the Swacy Ghaut:
Ais fort sustained a siege of some length, and did not surrender
till the principal buildings and one of the gates were burnt by
the shells. Several other smaller forts were taken, which it is
not important here to specify, as they were taken after slight
skirmishing, and their out-works being carried by assault. The
army then proceeded to the memorable fort of Ryghur, situated
nearly on the same range of Ghauts, more to the south; this
fort is at a ' greater height, and larger than any of the former ;
the labour of erecting batteries was very great, nor could a position
be obtained till Maj. Hall, with a detachment of H. M/s 89th reg.,
carried the enemy's extensive stockades by assault. The nalure of
ordnance for the reduction of so extensive a place, was neces-
sarily of heavy calibre ; it employed the whole army some days to
get two 13-inch mortars to the situation required, the approach
being so very steep and rugged ; the light howitzers were carried
on two elephants, taken from the enemy a few days before, and
fhey considerably assisted in carrying up the heights the howitzers,
carriages, and stores; but the heavy guns were dragged up by
manual labour : the batteries all opened on the siame day with con-
siderable effect, several buildings were burnt, and in a few days
the palace was fired, and every part destroyed. From the incessant
fire kept up, and the large charges and great elevations, we were
necessitated to use, the mortar beds were soon crippled, but by ropes
and other means, we had the good fortune to keep them together,
till the surrender of the place, which, in some measure, made up for
the fatigues, as some treasures were found in the fort, with his high-
ness the Peishwa's wife. The reduction of this fortress terminated
the campaign. Maj. B. next accompanied the field force ordered,
under the command of Maj.-Gen. Sir W. G. Kdr, for the attack of
the capital of Cutch, situated on the north side of the gulph of that
name. The army assembled at Anjar on the Ist March, and were



Digitized by



Google



MILITARY OALBM^DAR. 389

in readiness for movement on the 23d of that month, and on the 24th
it marched. The force, consisting of 5000 men, with a handsome
train of art., reached the vicinity of Booje on the 27th, At its
approach to the enemy's princq[)al works, a fire was opened on the
lines, and their cav. appeared on the plain ; but .on a battery being
formed of the field pieces^ and after a smart fire, they were dispersed.
On the foUowing morning the enemy's works were carried by esca-
lade, in a very gallant manner, by the fiank companies of H. M/s
65th reg., and those of the Sepoy cwps ; a battary on the height,
in front of th# lines, covered the attack, while the whole force
made a movement towards the city. The enemy were driven from
their works, with considerable loss in killed, wounded, and prison^s :
this so much alarmed the Rajah, that in the course of the day he
made an unconditional surrender of the town, which was taken pos-
session of immediately : these operations completed the campaign.
At the opening of the season of ISiPi Maj. B. proceeded, again in
command of the art., with the expedition under Maj .-Gen. Keir^ to
the Persian Gulph. In 1820 he obtained the rank of Lieut-CoL ;
and in Septraibw of that year he died at Surat, deeply regretted.



MAJOR EDWARD MOOR.

(Bombay Establishment.)

This officer was appointed a cadet on the Bombay establishment in
May 1782, and sailed for India, being then under twelve years of age, in
Sept of that year. Adverse winds, and the belligerent state of the Eu-
ropean naval powers, caused the fleet in which he sailed to proceed to
Madras, where he arrived in April 1783. In Aug. he was ordered by
the gov^nment of Madras to proceed with a reinforcement to tlie re-
lief of Mangalore, then closely besieged by Tippoo Sultaun. After a



Digitized by



Google



340 THE EAST INDIA

southern passage of four months, uo landing could be effected, and a
general peace in Europe and in India was about that time concluded.
In Sept 1788 (after serving as ensign five years and ten months) he
was promoted to lieut. ; and in Dec. following, appointed by Gen.
Sir William Medows (Gov. and Com. -in-Chief of Bombay) adj. and
quart-mast of the 9th batt. N. I. On attaining the rank of lieut., he
was eligible to the examination and allowance for speaking the country
language ; the certificate of the examining committee was as follows : —
" It would not be doing justice to this officer were we to omit noticing
his very great proficiency ; the more so, as he has not attained his
eighteenth year.''

War breaking out in 1790, Lieut. M. resigned his adjutantcy, and
proceeded in command of a grenadier company of the 9th batt. to
join the brigade under Capt* Little, serving with the Mahratta army,
commanded by Purseram Bhow, then engaged in the siege of Darwar.
Col. Frederick assumed the command of ^ the brigade, and forming a
grenadier corps of all the flank companies of the battalions of N. I.
under his command, appointed Lieut. Moor adj. and quart.-mast. of
it. With this coips, particularly formed for the more vigorously car-
rying on the operations of that memorable siege, he served before
Darwar upwards of three months, until the surrender of the fort. In
this time he was present at several affairs, usually attendant on a pro-
tracted siege, and in the assault of the fort, 7th Feb. 1791> he was on
the storming party.

On the fall of the fort, the grenadier batt. was reduced, and
Capt. Little again resumed the command of the Bombay brigade
from Colonel Sartorius, who had succeeded on the death of
Colonel Frederick ; and it accompanied the Mahratta army to join
Lord Cornwallis before Seringapatam- Proceeding with the grand
army in its movements from Seringapatam to Bangalore, Pur-
seram Bhow separated in the neighbourhood of the latter place,
and marched northward. In an assault of the hill fort, Dori-
droog, near Bangalore, 13th June 1791j Lieut. Moor commanded
the leading company, and was shot ihrough the right shoulder. On
recovering, he rejoined his corps, and was present at the siege, and on



Digitized by



Google



MILITARY CALENDAR. 341

the Storming party, at the capture of Hooly Honore, 21st Dec. 1791 ;
and on the 29th following led the two flank companies of the 9th
baitt. at the battle of Gadjnoor, near Simoga. In this action all the
attacks on the right, left, and centre of the enem/s position, having
failed, Lieut* M. (the 9th batt. being in reserve) was ordered to renew
the attack on the right, and to " penetrate the enemy's camp, if
possible, and as far as possible :"" he succeeded in reaching its centre,
where he received a wound in his right knee, and a musket ball
through his left elbow. The result of the affair was, the total route
and dispersion of the enemy's army of 10,000 foot, and 1000 horse,
most advantageously situated in a selected and strengthened posi-
tion, and the capture of all his guns, baggage, and equipage. The
commander narrowly escaped being taken. " The victory as it was,"
says Gen. Dirom, in his Narrative of this campaign, " did not require
this circumstance to make it one of the most brilliant actions of the
war/' — p. 104. The British engaged were under 1000 ; every flank
officer, except one, of the brigade, were killed or wounded in this ac-
tion. At a visit which the commanding officer paid Lieut* Moor at
night, after the battle, he expressly attributed the victory to him. He
was the only European officer with the flank companies of the 9th,
and had only one other European, a serjeant, with him.

On account of the severity of the wound through the elbow joint,
which was and is wholly destroyed, Lieut M. was compelled to
quit the army, and eventually India, for the re-establishment of his
health, much impaired by a continued campaign of upwards of
eighteen months, attended by great exposure and privation, and
marchings and journeys of more than 1500 miles ; half of this, while
suffering from his last wound.

The documents annexed (No. 1. to 15,) shew the sense entertained
by the government of this officer's services. In consequence of the
recommendations 1 to 4, strengthened by Lord Cornwallis, the Court
of Directors were pleased to defray, at different times, Lieut. Moor's
expences while in England* for the restoration of his health; which

* About this period (1794) Lt. Moor published a ** Narrative of the operations of Capt.



Digitized by



Google



342 THE EAST INDIA

being effected, he embarked again for India in April 1796, having
now obtained the rank of capt* by brevet. In the beginning of 1797
he was appointed to the command of the honorary escort of two com-
panies with the political resident at the court of Poonah, Sir Charles
Malet ; and during the time that this distinguished diplomatist was in
the chair of government at Bombay, Capt. Moor c^ciated also, for
about a year, as assistant or secretary to Mr. Uhthoff, who r^nained
at the head of the embassy at Poonah. On the withdrawal of the
Bombay embassy, Capt* Moor retunied to Bombay; and on the
breaking out of the last war with Tippoo Sullaun (having interme-
diately been on the garrison staff), he acted as Quart.-mast^gen. dur-
ing CoL Little's absence in the field. On the Col/s return, and re^^
sumption of his office, the general order. No. 5, was issued by the
government of Bombay.

Capt. M. was appointed in July 1799 to an office, then first esta-
bhshed, under the designation of Garrison Storekeeper, since and
now called <7ommis8ary General. This he held until (Feb. 1805) his
final departure irom India, rendered necessary by the fatiguing duties
of this office, superadded to those incident to various avocations,
arising from a confidential agency with which he was honoured for
several years by the Gov. of Bombay (Mr. Duncan), in periods re-
quiring a great exertion of the resources of that settlement, which
no ordinary means could have brought into such full operation.
The outfit and supply of the e^cpeditions to Egypt, under Gens. Sir
John Murray and Sir David Baird, the latter under the arrangement
and inspection of Gen. Wellesley— -the campaigns of this officer against
the Mahrattas, &c. being among the important operations that
rested wholly on the supposed inefficient resources of Bombay.

The documents marked No. 5 to No. 12 refer to Capt. Moor's
successful exertions in calling forth those resources, and creating new
ones, far beyond what that fruitful island was known or imagined to
possess.

Little's detachment, and of the Mahratta army, commanded by Parseram Bhow, against
Tippoo Sultaun.''



Digitized by



Google



MILITARY CALENDAR. 343

The military orden and regulaticms, bearing on the discipline and
expenditure of the armies under the different presidencies in India,
were found to have accumulated to a mass highly inconvenient, as
regarded both the due comprehension of them by the superior autho-
rities, and the requisite knowledge of them by those whose attention
and obedience were essential. To remedy this inconvenience, as far
as related to the Bombay army, Capt, Moor was requested by Gov.
Duncan to make a Compilation or digest of the whole. This work
was printed at the expence of government, and has been, and is,
found very useful. On the occasion of its publication, and continua-
tion, the letters No. 13 and 14 are recorded.

On Capt. Moor's applying for leave to vacate his office, aqd for a
furlough to England, the general order No. 15 was issued by the
Bombay government. He was soon after promoted to a majority ;
and finding, at the expiration of his furlough, in 1808, that the state
of his health did not warrant his return to India, he applied to the
Court of Directors for leave to retire on full pay. But, from the
long voyage of the ship in which he went to India in 1782, her pre-
vious detention for convoy, and his absence from India for the re-
covery of wounds (one being, in fact, still unhealed, though re-
ceived more than thirty years ago), he had not actually served the
prescribed term of twenty-two years on the territory of India, and
the rigidity of the regulation on this point admitting of no relaxation,
he could retire only on the half pay of his rank; to which the Hon.
Court, " being impressed with a very favourable opinion of his merits
and services,'* as expressed in their letter, was pleased to add a pen-
sion, not large in amount, but acceptable from the flattering mode in
which it was bestowed*.

^ Since Major Moor's return to Europe, be has been distinguisbed by scientific and
literary bonours : be was elected a Fellow of tbe Royal Society in 1806, and be is also a
Fellow of tbe Society of Antiquaries. In 1810 be publbhed tbe '< Hindoo Pantbeon;'' a
work well received by tbe literary public in England and India, and now out of print. In
181 1 be publisbed a volume^ in 4to. on ** Hindoo Infanticide ;'' and in 1829, a work entitled
" Suflfblk Words and Pbrases/'

On returning to India in 17^6, be was elected a member of tbe Asiatic Society of Cat-



Digitized by



Google



344 THE EAST INDIA

No. 1 . — From Col. Little to the Oov. in Council^ Bombay.

" Hon. Sir, — Lieut. Moor having communicated to me the substance of a
letter he is about to address to you, permit me to take this opportunity of
bearing testimony to his uniform gallant conduct during his being under my
command, while serving with the Mahrattas ; where he was wounded two
different times. It is with great regret I find he is under the necessity of
proceeding to Europe, on account of his last wound, not only from what he
has suffered from the wound itself, but the difficulties the expence must in-
evitably involve him in without some assistance from Government. I declare,
that no instance has come within my knowledge, when the favour he requests
could either be granted with more justice by government, or better merited
on his part. (Signed) " John Little.

« Surat, aoth July, 1792/*

No. 2. — From Colonel Riddell to the same.

" Hon. Sir, — It being the desire of Lieut. Moor that a letter from me
should accompany his resignation,* I with great pleasure take the opportu-
nity of bearing testimony to the invariable diligence and punctuality with
which he has executed his duty while under my command, both as adj. to
the 9th batt. in garrison, and the grenadier batt. at Darwar. His snbse*
quent conduct, when in command of the grenadiers of my batt., during
which time he was twice wounded, was not less zealous than spirited when
called to exertion in the field ; and I cannot but greatly regret the unfortu-
nate cause that necessitates him to proceed to Europe, as well on his own
account, as that it has deprived my batt. of his services. I deem his duty
to have been uniformly executed in a manner highly satisfactory to me,
serviceable to his employers, and honourable to himself.

^Signed) ** John Riddell.

" Bombay, 10/A Aug. 1792.*'

cutta ; he is one of the origiDal members of the Literary Society of Bombay, and of the
Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Having, since the peace of 1815, visited the
continent, he has been elected member of the Society Asiatique of Paris^ and of the Society
d' Emulation of Cambrai.

Major Moor is now an acting magistrate in the commission of the peace, and a deputy-
lieutenant for the county of SufiTolk.

* At this period no furloughs were granted to officers of the Company's army. To tome
to England they were compelled to resign the service ; and, of course, had no pay while
absent. Lieave to return to the service, without loSs of rank, was applied for to the Court
of Directors.



Digitized by



Google



MILITARY CALENDAR. 345

No. 3. — From Colonel Sarioriui to Lieutenant Moor.

" Dear Sir, — In answer to your*8 of the 7th inst. 1 am happy to have it
in my power to say, that during the service against Darwar your conduct has
appeared to me very satisfoctory, and if I may be permitted to add, the same
sentiments were entertained of your merits by my predecessor. Col. Frederick,
when he appointed you adj. and quart.-mast. of the then corps of grenadiers.
You may, if you please, shew this letter to the general.

(Signed) *• J. Sartorius.

" Parell, Aug. 9ih, 1792."

No. 4. is the letter from the government of Bombay to the Court of
Directors, dated Slst Dec. 1793, in favour of Lieuts. Doolan and
Moor, and inserted with the services of the former, p. 279-

No. 6. — Extract from General Orders^ Bombay^ Wth May^ 1799*

" Lieut. -Col. John Little having returned to the Presidency, will resume his
office of Quart.-mast.-gen.y of which he will receive charge from Capt. Moor,
to whom it is only justice, on this occasion, to notice, that during this officer's
temporary charge of this department, at a period when much business of de-
tail has been transacted in it, requiring discretion and confidence, govern-
ment have every reason to be gratified with Capt. Moor's execution of the