John Philippart.

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Extract of a Letter from the Hon. the Gov.-Gen. in Council^ to the Hon^
the Court of Directors, under date the 1st of May 1807.

" Your Hon. Court will observe, that on this occasion the Gov.-



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 65

Gen. deemed it his duty to record the high sense which he entertained
of the distinguished merits and exertions of Capt. Baillie, in the exe-
cution of the arduous duties committed to his charge, during his
two missions to Bundlecund, and to propose, that the public thanks
of this government should be given to Capt. Baillie for the great and
important services which he had rendered, and for the zeal and
ability which he had exerted in the successfiil accomplishment of the
views of the British government in Bundlecund : suggesting at the
same time that our opinion of Capt. BaiUie's merits and claims should
be stated to your Hon. Court, with a recommendation that such re-
ward be granted to that deserving public officer, as on a review of his
important services your Hon. Court might consider him to merit.

" Concurring entirely in the justice of this honourable testimony
of applause and approbation, and in the propriety of the Hon. Gov.-
Gen.'s suggestion, we consider it to be our duty to enable your Hon.
Court justly to appreciate the value of Capt. Baillie's services, by a
succinct review of his conduct in the execution of the arduous duties
committed to his charge ; ahhough the general nature of them, as
recorded on the proceedings of this government, and from time to time
reported in our despatches to your Hon. Court, or to the Hon. the
Secret Committee, must already have attracted your attention.

" With a defiffee of public spirit highly honourable to his charac-
ter as an officer, Capt. Baillie, soon after the commencement of the
war with the confederated Mahratta chieftains, although engaged in
the tluties of professor of Arabic and Persian in the college of Fort
WiUiam, offisred his services as a volunteer in the field, and proceeded
to join the army then employed in the siege of Agra. At that lime
the precarious situation of affairs in the province of Bundlecund, re-
quiring the superintendence of an officer qualified by talents and
abilities to conduct the various important and difficult political ne-
gociations, on which depended the establishment of the British autho-
rity in that province, His Excellency the Com.-in-Chief, with the
approbation of govenynent, selected Capt. Baillie for the conduct of
that arduous duty.

K



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66 THE BAST INDIA



«



The original object of the British govemmait, as connected with
the general operations of the war, was to establish its authority, in the
name of the Peishwa, over that portion of the province of Bundle-
cund, the command of which was necessary for the protection of our
own territories against the hostile attempts of the enemy, who at an
early period of time projected the invasion of our western provinces,
by the aid of the chieftains possessing military power in Bundlecundi

** The prosecution of this object placed the Nabob Shumshere
Behader (who, under a commission issued by Amrut Rao, when seated
on the Musnud of Poonti by Jeswunt Rao Holkar, had proceeded to
occupy the province of Bundlecund) in a state of enmity to the
British power. The cause of Shumshere Behader was supported by
the Rana of Culpee, and other chieftains of the province, whilst,
with a view to counteract this combination, the descendants of the
ancient chiefs of Bundlecund were encouraged to employ their
exertions in recovering the possessions wrested from them by> the
arras of Allee Behader, the father and predecessor of Shumshere Be-
hader.

^^ The latter chieftain had been defeated, but not subdued, and it was
deemed expedient, with a view to the accomplishment of our political
objects in Bundlecund, to establish the influence of the British go-
vernment by conciliation rather than by hostility. The transfer of a
large proportion of the Peishwa's nominal possessions in Bundle-
cund, which occurred shortly afler Capt. BailHe's mission, gave us
a more direct interest in the province, and rendered necessary the
occupation of most of the territories which the Boondelah chiefs had
been encouraged to seize.

^^ To combine with the establishment of our authority ov^ the lands
ceded by the Peishwa, the conciliation of the chiefs who were to be
deprived of them, at a time when the British government was engaged
in a contest with the Mahratta poww, and when the province of
Bundlecund was menaced with foreign invasion and disturbed by
internal commotion, became a duty of the most arduous and difficult
nature, requiring the exertion of eminent talents, firmness, temper.



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MILITARY CALEKDAR. 6?

and address. It was connected also with the duty of superintehding
and directing the operations both of the troops of the British govern*-
ment, and of the auxiliaries, under the command of Rajah Himmut
Behader, for the support of which, lands of the estimated produce of
twenty lacks of rupees per annum had been assigned. It embraced
the reduction of the power and influence of Himmut Behader and
the Native chiefe of Bundlecund, without weakening their attachment
or hazarding thdr revolt, and the establishment of the British civil
power and the collection of revenue in the province, under all the
disadvantages of impending invasion, and the desultory operations of
numerous bands of predatory troops.

" Within the short space of three months, these objects were ac-
complished by the zeal and ability of Capt. Baillie ; and we have
reason to believe, that in the months of May and June 1804, when
the regular force retreated on the invasion of the province by the
troops of Ameer Khan, and when the utmost disorder was appre-
hended in consequence of tlie decease of Himmut Behader, the
British authority in Bundlecund was alone preserved by the fortitude,
ability, and influence of Capt. Baillie. Even at that crisis of dis-
tress and danger, Capt. Baillie was enabled to frame an arrangement
with regard to the lands granted in Jaidad for the support of the
late Himmut Behader's troops, which laid the foundation of their
ultimate transfer to the possession of the British government. Ample
testimony to the merits and services of Capt. Baillie on this occasion is
borne by the Supreme government in its despatch to the Hon. the
Secret Committee of the 15lh of June i804. The record of Capt.
Baillie's correspondence, however, testifies more demonstratively than
the preceding statement, the arduous, laborious, and responsible na-
ture of the duties committed to his charge, the zeal and ability with
which he fulfilled them, and the importance of his services to the in-
terests of the Company, during the eventful period of the last war.

" The services of Capt. Baillie were subsequently continued in his
capacity of a member of the commission appointed in July 1804,
for the administration of the afiairs of Bundlecund : and the intro-



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68 THE EAST INDIA

ductioD of the regular civil and judicial system into that portion of
the province, which had been subjected to the British authority prin-*
cipally by the means of Capt. Baillie's ability and exertions, ad-
mitted of his return to the presidency in the month of July 1805.

" Notwithstanding, however, the various arrangements concluded
by Capt. Baillie with the Nabob Shumshere Behader, and other
chieftains of rank and power in Bundlecund, by which their interests
were connected with those of the British government, much remained
to be accomplished for the complete establishment of our rights and
interests in that province.— Of the territory ceded by the Peishwa,
under the additional articles to the treaty of Bassien, to the extent of
3,616,000 rupees annual produce, lands of the value of twelve lacks
of rupees per annum only, had been acquired. The Jaidad of the late
Himmut Behader yet remained to be resumed. The situation of the nu-
merous chiefs in Bundlecund relatively to the British government, their
claims and pretensions, together with various other important ques-
tions connected with the establishment of the British authority in the
province, continued unadjusted^

" The objects to be accomplished are accurately detailed in Capt-
Baillie's able report of the affairs of Bundlecund, to which we have
frequently had occasion to refer in our despatches of the past year to
the Hon- the Secret Committee. Those objects were, in our decided
judgment, alone susceptible of attainment by the aid of Capt. Baillie's
personal exertions, knowledge, influence, and abihties ; and this con-
viction occasioned Capt. Baillie's second mission to Bundlecund in
Dec. 1805; the arduous duties of which, Capt. Baillie with his cha-
racteristic spirit of public zeal undertook, without the prospect of any
other immediate profit than that which was annexed to his actual
situation in the college of Fort William.

" Our successive despatches to the Hon. the Secret Committee,
and to your Hon. Court, commencing with the month of March 1806,
contain a regular narrative of Capt. Baillie's proceedings during his
second mission, under the instructions from time to time issued for
the guidance of his conduct. The first success of his exertions was



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 69

manifested in the peaceable dismission of tlie turbulent and fero-
cious body of Nangahs, the continuance of which in the service of
government opposed a material obstacle to every salutary arrange-
ment. The next and most important object accomplished by Capt.
Baillir, was the complete resumption of the Jaidad lands of the late
Himmut Behader, without the slightest commotion, although opposed
by the powerful influence of the family, and a numerous body of
military chieftains, in command of large bodies of troops, and in
possession of numCTOus forts ; thus effecting the peaceable transfer
to the British dominions of a territory yielding an annual revenue of
eighteen lacks of rupees (225,000/. sterling), with the sacrifice only of
a Jaghire of little more than one lack of rupees per annum. The
services of Capt. Baillie were further enhanced on this occasion, by
the successful manner in which he resisted the extensive claims of the
manager of the Jaidad, for arrears of pay to the troops, and balance
of revenue. These objects were not accomplished by the presence of
troops, but by the personal influence and address of Capt. Baillie, which
enabled him to controul the impulse of the strongest interest supported
by local power, and to subvert the efforts of combination and in-
trigue, by which the progress of his measures in the establishment of
the British authority within the Jaidad, in the occupation of the forts,
the discharge of the troops, and the final settlement of the lands, were
embarrassed and impeded.

** Capt. Baillie's arduous exertions in the completion of those im-
portant arrangements, were not restrained by the repeated reports of
external and internal confederacies- The same firmness of character
and maturity of judgment, which had formerly distinguished his con-
duct amidst scenes of turbulence, disorder, and rapine, enabled Capt.
Baillie to resist the influence of these interested reports, and to prose-
cute to a successful issue the important objects co '**'^'^ *■- ^'" -^

" With a similar spirit of energy and zeal, ai(
his political talents and address, Capt. Baillie
plishing those arrangements with the principal
cand, which were prescribed by our instructions



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70 THE EAgT INDIA

dnced a degree of tranquillity and security hitherto unknown within
the limits of that turbul^it province ; and has finally f^ced the au-
thority and relations of tbe British government in Bundlecund in a
condition to admit of our conducting the affairs of the province under
the ordinary system of administration established in other parts of the
Hon. Company^s dominions. These services have been rendered
peculiarly important and meritorious, by the extraordinary local and
incideotal difficulties which opposed the execution of them, as well as
by the advantages, political, territorial, and pecuniary, which govern-
ment has derived from them.

^^ Under such circumstances, we cannot doubt your honourable
court's concurrence in our opinion, that Capt. Baillie has established
a peculiar claim to distinguished reward.''

Extract of a Letter from the Hon. the Court of Directors to the Gov.-
Gen. in Council in the Political Department^ dxited Sq>t. 14, 1808.
" With respect to the strong recommendation contained in your
last-mentioned despatch, that an adequate reward might be conferred
on Capt. Baillie for the services rendered by that officer whilst he
acted as political agent to the Gov.-Gen. in the province of Bundle-
cund ; we observe by your letter in the political department of the
Slst July, 1807, that your government has itself had an opportunity
of rewarding those services, of the importance of which we are fully
sensible, by the appointment of Capt Baillie to the office of resident
at Lucknow, on the demise of Col. Collins, which appointment, for
the reasons stated in Sir George Barlow's minute of the 22nd June
1807, we hereby confirm."

Extract of a Minute of the late Right Hon. the Earl of Minto^ Goo.-

Gen. of Bengal^ nominating Mr. George Baillie to the office of As-^

si$tant to the ResidcfU at Lucknow^ under date the 5th of March 1813.

^' I will confess that a very powerful motive with me in proposing

this appointment is an earnest desire to promote the p^sonal and

official comfort of Maj. Baillie, and to meet his wishes on a point in



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 71

which I know them to be warmly engaged. This arises soldy from
the high sense which I entertain of his great public merits, and if it
partakes of the nature of a personal feeling, it is one which has its
origin in public motives alone. Maj. Baillie is entirely unknown to
me, except through the medium of his official correspondence and
proceedings, and the high character which he bears for honour, in-
tegrity, learning, and talent. The sentiments of public respect, esteem,
and applause, which a candid and impartial observation of his con-
duct has impr^sed on my mind, are known to the Board, and the
proceedings bear testimony to the sense entertained by the present
and former governments, of the ability, zeal, perseverance, and forti-
tude, lUsplayed by Maj. Baillie, on various occasions of uncommon
difficulty and deUcacy, and by which he has resisted and overcome
obstacles not to be surmounted by one possessing those qualities in
an inferior degree.

** It is therefore with a high degree of satisfaction, in which I
am persuaded I shall be joined by my colleagues, that I find my-
self able to propose an arrangement, which will combine with the
indulgence of my cordial disposition to gratify Maj. Baillie, an ef-
fectual provision for the necessities of the public service in the instance
under consideratioo."'



THE LATE COLONEL THOMAS WELSH,

(Bengal Establishment.)

This officer was appointed on the Bengal establishment in 17^;
comet, 12th Sept 1769 ; lieutenant, 2nd Feb. 1773 ; captain, 18th
Jan» 17*1; major, 1st March, 1794; lieutenant-colonel, 1st Jan.
1798; cdonel, 29th May, 1800; and in August following placed on
the retired list.



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73 THE EAST INDIA

In 1806 Col. Welsh was a candidate for a seat in the East India
direction. He died 11th April, 1822.

The following extracts, from public documents and letters, shew
the services of this oflBcer, and are honourable testimonials of his
military career.

Estracl of Gen. Goddard's Letter, May 27, 1780, to the Bengal Govt.
** It is with the greatest pleasure I can communicate to you two
successful enterprises, which closed the scene of our operations in tlie
fidd, and have been attended by the most beneficial consequences to
the Company ; particularly the latter, both by the splendour of the
action, and the peaceful security it has given to the new-acquired
Pergunnahs, &c. — The second action, above alluded to, was per-
formed by Lieut. Welsh, who, on the 17th inst. I detached from this

place, &c ^This action has been as decisive as it was possible to be;

and I beg to express my entire satisfaction with, and approbation of,
the spirited and well-judged conduct of Lieut. Welsh.''

JSrfrac/ of Gen. Goddard's letter ^ June 20, 1780, to the Bengal Gwt.
** Since my arrival at this place, the detachment under Lieut.
Welsh, with whose success against Gunnesse Punt, one of the Mah-
ratta leaders, I have already made you acquainted, has effected a
very material piece of service, and completely eradicated every trace
of the Mahratta power in this neighbourhood, and destroyed even
the most distant hope he could have of giving farther disturbance to
our new possessions, &c. — The enterprise I allude to is the taking
of Paraeiro, a fort situated on a high hill, &c.— It was defended, for
two days, by a garrison consisting of about 400 men ; who, finding
Lieut. Welsh had, with immense difficulty and perseverance, and by
his steady and good conduct, &c. &c. thought proper to surrender
into the hands of the English. Lieut. Welsh has since made himself
master of two inferior forts, Arzin. Ghur and Under Ghur* The
former has a district of one lack of rupees, lying around and dependent
on it, &c* — ^These acquisitions have put the English in entire pos-



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 73

session of the sea-coast from Cambait to Dumaun, comprehending a
tract of near 150 miles/'

Extract of a Letter from the Bombay Govt, to the Court of Directors,

July 25, 1780.
" After the separation of the armies, a detachment was employed
with much success and advantage, under the command of Lieut,
Welsh. He surprised and totally routed a body of the Poonah
forces," &c.

Extract of a Letter from the Gov.-Gen. in Council to Gen. Goddardj

dated Oct. 9, 1780.
" The successful enterprises, of which you have advised us, of de-
tachments under the command of Maj, Forbes and Lieut. Welsh,
and particularly those under the latter, did not come to our know-
ledge without heightening the favourable opinion which we before
entertained of the merits of these gentlemen, and have not passed
without leaving the impression which they deserve with us,*' &c.

Letter from the Gov.-Gen. to Capt. Welsh, Lucknow, June 10, 1784.

" As it is much my wish that you may receive and keep some lasting
testimony of the esteem which I entertain for your merit, I request your
acceptance of the accompanying sword. It is not in itself of any
value ; but I may flatter myself that there are many to whom such a
pledge of the estimation in which I hold your character will at least
prove of no disservice to it ; especially if it is understood that you are
known to me by no personal recommendation, nor by the habits of
society, but only by public service.

'* Captain Welsh.'' (Signed) " Warren Hastings."

Extract of a general Letter from the Hon. the Court of Direct
Bengal Government, April 28, 1790.
V As it appears, from the Company's records, that the
and good conduct of Captain Welsh entitle him to our fs
notice," &c.



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74 THE EAST INDIA

Extract of a Letter to Capt. Wekhfrom the Dep.-Adj.-Gen. to the Arniy

in Mjfwre-

" The different measures you have pursued so successfully, on
the late service, his Lordship has particularly expressed his appro-
bation of,'' &c-

" General Orders, Camp, Dec. 27, 1791.
•* Lord Cornwallis has been highly satisfied with the report that
Capt. Welsh, of the Bengal infantry, has made of the reduction of
the important forts of Ram Gurry and Sherie Gurry, by the detach-
ment under his command,'' &c, — " His Lordship is sensible that the
complete success of the plan is principally to be attributed to Capt.
Welsh's judicious conduct, for which he desires that he will accept of
his warmest acknowledgments."

Extract of a Letter, dated FoH-William, Bee. 23, 1792, from Lord
CorrmaUis to Capt^ Welsh, when on service in Assam.
" The complete success which has attended your judicious and
spirited exertions affords me the greatest satisfaction, and your con-
duct in every particular claims my warmest approbation."

Extract of Station-Orders, by Maj.-Gen- Sir James Craig, Sept* 10, 1798,
on the review of the 2nd regt. of Native cavalry, previous to Lieut. -Col.
Welsh's departure for Europe.

" Sir James Craig joins in the general sentiments of the regiment
on the approaching departure of their Lieut-Col. His unremitting
attention to the regiment, the effects of which were so well displayed
this morning, has added to the regret of being deprived of his farther
exertions as an officer, to that which, in common with all, he feels at
the loss of his society as a gentleman/'

Extract of Militia-Orders, dated Fort-William, Dec 21, 1798, by

Lord Momington.
'' The Gov.-Gen. will not attempt to discriminate the merits of



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MILITABT CALENDAR. 75

indiTiduals belonging to llie c(»p8 ; but it is his duty to express a par-
ticular sense of the service rendered by Lieut*-Col. Welsh, of the 2nd
regiment of Native Cavalry, in forming the corps of Militia Cavalry,
which has derived great advantage from the valuable instructions of
that respectable officer/'

On Lieut.-Col. Welshes departure irom Calcutta for £urope, he re-
ceived a valuable sword from the gentlemen of the corps, with the fol-
lowing inscription : —

" January, 1799,
" Presented to Lieut-Col. Welsh, by the corps of Calcutta Militia
Cavalry, in grateful remembrance of the. benefits they received
from his attention to their discipline on thdr first formation/'



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES PEARSON.
(Bengal Establishmetd.J

This officer was appointed a cadet on the Bengal EstabUshment in
1768 ; he arrived in Bengal in 1769 ; was a few months afterwards
promoted to the rank of ensign, and to that of lieutenant in 1773.
At the commencement of 1781 he was promoted to the rank of captain,
and appointed to the command of the 2nd battalion of the 25th regi-
ment of N. I. — one of the five corps ordered from Bengal"- t^^- j-
to form a junction with the army there, under the orders i
Coote, who had taken the command of the forces of that est
after the annihilation of CoL Bail lie's detachment, and
Munro's disastrous retreat before Hyder Ally's superioi
The Bengal detachment marched from Midnapore in Jan.
•joined Sir Eyre in August

The command of the 25th regiment devolved on Capt.



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76 THE BAST INDIA

June 17&lf and he continued at the head of it until its return to Bengal
in 1785. He served with it during the campaigns of 1781-2, and S ;
was present in all the actions with Hyder Ally; viz. the battle of
Perambancum, Aug. 27, 1781, which immediately followed the
capture of the fort of Tripassoor ; battle of Shulingur, 27th SepL fol-
lowing; siege and capture of the fort of Chittore, Nov. 1781 ; action
near Velore, 10th Jan. 1782 ; second action near Velore, 13th Jan. ;
battle of Amee, June 2, 1782 ; and with the French, when joined by
Tippoo's troops, in the engagement of the 13th June, 1783, at
Cudalore.

Capt. Pearson returned to Madras upon the cessation of hostilities ;
marched from thence to Bengal in the beginning of 1784, and arrived
there in Jan. 1785, when the detachment was broke up. In 1788
he was appointed to the command of the 20th battalion of N. I.,
which corps he commanded, in 1794, in the Rohilla action. In 1795
he was promoted to a majority ; in 1797, to the rank of lieutenant-
colonel ; and in June of that year terminated his military career in
India, after near twenty-eight years of active service in that climate.
He left Calcutta upon his first furlough in June 1797; arrived in Eng-
land in Dec. of that year; and in the same month of the year 1798,
resigned the mihtary service of the Hon. East India Company, and
was placed on the retired list.



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL GEORGE RABAN, C. B.

(Bengal Establishment.)

This oflScer arrived in India in May 1782, and joined the Bengal
army, under the command of Gen. Goddard, at Surat, and served
with it till its arrival and dissolution at Caunpoor, in 1784. In 1786
he was ordered to Prince of Wales's Island, in command of a company



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MILITARY CALBNDAR. 77