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to his public measures. A lasting impression was made on the minds of all, and every
favour was doubled by the manner in which it was conferred.

(See an admirabbf written Article in the Quarterly Review qfMay 1818^ attributed to the
pencf a distinguished Officer of the Madras Jrmy.J.



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MILITARY CALENDAR. 89

accept with candour the following remuneration which it has induced
him to make in their behalf. The board have liberally rewarded the
services of the Native officers and privates of the detachment, and
afforded such testimonies of those which have been rendered by the
European officers, as will be felt by men professing the spirit of honour
which they have so signally displayed, with sentiments superior to such
as are excited by the pledges of substantial bounty ; neither is it easy
to devise others. Such additional honours as may be bestowed, the
Gov.-Gen. now begs leave to recommend ; and these are as follows : —

'* 1st, That a sword be given to Col. Pearse, the commanding officer
of the corps, and one to each of the Lieut.-Col.'s, his second and
third in command, Lieut. -Col. Edmonstone, and Lieut.-Col. Blane,
both as a testimony of their faithfiil and meritorious services, and for
the incitement of example toothers their juniors.

" 2dly, That the officers who are now attached to the corps, in
whatever degree of conmiand, may be confirmed in their stations and
commands, notwithstanding the general rules of appointment. Such
an indulgence will be equally grateful to the officers themselves and
to the men who have served with them, as the removal of the former
for the sake of a literal adherence to general rule, would appear like
the privation of the right which the chance of hard and severe service
has given to the surviving officers of the detachment, in favour of
others who have enjoyed a long season of repose, and would be a
severe separation of the Sepoys from the officers to whom they are
endeared by their common suflferings, and operate as a more cruel
hardship by placing them under strangers, to whom their merits will
be unknown or unfelt.

" 3dly, That the names of the officers be entered on record, for
such future marks of the favour and esteem of government as the
rules of the service may admit ; and to this list may be joined, on
the same principle, that of the officers who have lately served with
the other great detachment returned from the other side of India.

" This is the last appeal which I shall make to my present col-
leagues in the administration; and I venture to declare, without

N



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90 THE EAST INDIA

consultiDg them, that the sentimaits of every one are similar to my
own, firom the same impulse, excited by the personal meeting with
men so deserving, and among them some veta:ans who were once
his associates in the same career of miKtary entoprise, and that
those of my successor* will be not less favourable, when to the
spirit of liberal discernment he shall have joined the same personal
motives as those which I have ascribed to myself and Mn Stables^.

(Signed) " Warren Hastings.

" To Sir John Ketmazmyy Bart.

*^ East^India Hou$e, Nw. 29, 1796-
" Resolved,— That in consideration of the important services ren-
dered to the Company by Sir J. Kennaway, he be granted an annuity
of 500/. per annum, for the term of seventeen years and a half | from
Michaelmas last, if he shall so long live/'



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WILLIAM RABAN.

(Bengal EstabUshmenf.)

This oflScer was appointed a cadet in the East India Company's
service in Dec. 1780, and joined his regiment in Bengal, as a lieul.
in May 1782. He served as a subaltern under Sir Robert Aber-
cromby during the Rohilla campaign in 1794. In 1802 he was pro-
moted to the rank of capt. ; and at this period there being no active
service in India, he obtained a furiough for three years to England, and

* Sir John MTherson, Bart.

t John Stables, Esq. formerly in the army, and commanded a battalion at the battle of
Buxar.

X The then unexpired term of the Company's charter, which, with the annuity, have
been since renewed.



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* MILITARY CALENDAR. 91

returned to India in 1805; at the latter end of which year he was
promoted to the rank of major, and joined his regiment.

In 1811 Maj. Raban volunteered to serve with the expedition about
to proceed on foreign service, and was appointed to command the
6th battalion of Bengal volunteers : he was engaged in the different
affairs of Weltervreede, Maisur, Gomelis, &c. &c. ; and for his ser*
vices in Java received, along with the other commanding oflSicers, the
medal conferred for the attack and capture of that plac^^

Maj. Raban next volunteered bis services under Maj.-Gen. Gjl^
lespie in the expedition to Falambarig, and commanded the N. Brig*
When the army was formed and arranged for service, be "was appointed
to command the reserve; and on the Maj.-Gen. proceeding to Par
larobang, this officer was directed to march with the reserve to take
possession of the island of Banca, and to. hold it in the name of His
Majesty : which service be performed, .remaining in the. island one
month. . i i ' . .

On the ofierations at Palambang being concluded, the itroops this
officer had commanded were left at Banca, a^d he volunteearedvjto.
accompany Maj-Gen^ Gillespie to the attacki of the' Sultaun of>
Jogocarta, and being unattached, he wasdniPited: by tfae.Maj.-^Geiij{t0!
be placed on his staff*; unfortunatdy/the ship in which he embarked
made a tedious passage to Java, and the unsubcessfiil attatckqu - the
fortress of the Sultaun took place the very evening Maj. Raban ar^
rived at Samarang ; intelligence of which he received on his way to*
join the General.

Active service being at an end, Maj. Raban was shortly after,
with the consent of the Maj.-Gen., appointed by the Gov. in council
resident of Cheribon, and at the same time to hold the military
command of the district.

The 11th Sept. 1811 he was promoted to the rank of Lieut.-Col. ;
and after remaining two years at Cheribon, his affairs calling him to
Europe, he obtained a furlough to offer his resignation of the service,
and sailed from Java in July 1814.



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92 THE EAST INDIA

MAJOR ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS MONTEATH.

(Madras Establishment.)

This officer was appointed to a cadetship in J 795, and as such
served with the 4th regiment of light cavalry at the siege and capture
of Pondicherry ; on the 1st June he was appointed comet in the 1st
regiment light cavalry ; adj. of the same regiment in 1797; in 1799
he was promoted to the rank of lieut., and appointed quarter-master
to the 2nd regiment light cavalry ; with which corps he served in the
campaign against Tippoo Saib and Doondia Waugh.

In 1800, on the 7st regiment light cavalry being raised, Lieut.
Monteath was removed to that corps as lieutenant and quarter-master ;
and in 1803 he was appointed agent for cavalry supplies to the
army under the orders of Maj.-Gen. Sir Arthur Wellesley, and as
such served in the Mahratta campaigns of 1803 and 1804. He was
promoted to the rank of captain in the 7th regiment of light cavalry
on the 1st May 1804, and appointed secretary to the officer com-
manding the northern division of the army ; but owing to bad health
was forced to quit the army in the field, and proceed to Bombay.
In Sept 1805 he embarked for Europe on sick certificate. On the
11th March 1809 he was promoted to the rank of major in the 7th
regiment light cavalry ; and in 1811 retired on the half-pay list.



MAJOR-GENERAL HENRY WEBBER.

(Madras Establishment. J

This officer was appointed to a cadetship, on the Madras establish-
ment, 6th May 1780; ensign, Aug. 13, 1780; lieut. March 17,



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% MILITARY CALENDAR. 93

1786; capt. July 1, 1796; maj. Dec. 24, 1800; lieut.-col. Sept. 21,
1804; col. June 4, 1814 ; and maj.-gen. Aug. 12, 1819.

He arrived at Madras in Jan. 1781, and in July volunteered to
join tlie army under Sir Eyre Coote, and was present at the battle
of the 27th Aug. fought at Polylore, and where he received a severe
contusion in his thigh from a cannon-shot. Officers being required
to serve in the army formed in the Tanjore country, under Lieut.-Gen.
Sir Hector Munro, Ensign Webber again volunteered his services, and
was present at the attack of the lines, and at the siege of Negapatam.
He afterwards joined the field force under Col. Braithwaite, and es-
caped the fate of that officer by being compelled from severe indispo-
sition to go into sick quarters. He joined the force subsequently
formed at Trichinopoly under Col. Lang, and was slightly wounded
in the head at the taking of Caroor. He was next attached to CoL
Fullarton's army, and served under that officer until the peace con-
cluded with Tippoo Sultaun in 1784 ; after which he did duty with
various corps in different parts of the coast of Coromandel, agreeably
to the usages of the service at that period. He assisted in subduing
the rebellious Rajahs in the northern Circars until 1792, when he
joined the army under Lord Cornwallis, and was present at the attack
of the lines of Seringapatam on the 6th of Feb. In 1801, being pro-
moted to the rank of major, he joined the head-quarters of the Ma-
dras European Reg, at Amboyna, and was immediately appointed
to command at Banda, from which he was shortly relieved, being
selected by Col. Oliver, Com.-in-Chief in the Moluccas, to command
at Ternale, which place had been recently taken from the enemy by
Gen. Burr, and was in an unorganized state. He held the appoint-
ments of civil resident and commanding officer at fort Orange for
nearly two years, and repeatedly received the thanks of CoL Oliver
for his conduct in reconciling the discordant interests of the Malay
princes of Ternate, Tidore, and Bachian; and on his being ordered
to deliver over the island to the Dutch, he received the pubUc thanks
of the Dutch governor who rejieved him, in the name of the Sultaun



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94 THE EAST INDIA

and inhabitants of Ternate, for his attention to their welfare during
the period of his administration.

Maj. Webber returned to the coast of Coromandel with the remains
of the Madras European Reg. and was sent to join the force under
the command of Col. Harcourt at Cultack.

In 1804, being promoted to the rank of lieut.-col. he was nomi-
nated to command the 2nd batt. 22nd N. I. ; and in 1807, afler an
absence ot twenty-seven years, obtained a furlough to visit his native
country. He returned to Madras in 1809f and was ordered to join
his corps at Cananore, and where he was employed in reducing to
obedience the rebeUious Poligars in the Wynaad, for which service he
received the thanks of government. He was subsequently appointed
by Gen. Abercromby to command Chitteldroog. In 1815 he was no-
minated by government to command the Mysore division, and in
1816 the ceded districts, head-quarters at Belpary, which station he
quitted in 1819, on being promoted to the rank of colonel, and re*
turned to England.



MAJOR JAMES DERMISTOUN BROWN.

(Madras Establishment.)

This officer served in India from Jan. 1797 till Oct. 1814 without a
furlough ; he was compelled to leave India on sick certificate, and
from continued ill health, to retire from the service in 18 19^ on the
half-p^y of capt. only. He served with the army under Gen. (now
Lord) Harris in Mysore in 1799 ; and with the army under Gen. Du-
gald Campbell, in the ceded districts, in 1801 ; and with that under
Gen. Sir Arthur Wellesley, in theMahratta country, in 1803 and 1804.
He was appointed to command the flying artillery of the 25th, late



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MILITARY CAL£NI>AR. 95

Sdnd liglit dragoodSy in 1799 ; appoisted- qoarter^master of artillery
in 1801 ; and in 1803 to the temporary^ charge of ordnance and mili-
tarj stor^ proceeding under tbeordersof Sir A. Wellesley> by whom
he was appointed to the charge and direction of an establishment at
Poonah, for the construction and repair of the field ordnance car-
riages. In 1805 and 1806 he served as acting major of brigade, and
acting commissary of ordnance, at the Mount : in Sept. of the laXXjer
year be was appointed commissary of ordnance at Seringapatam ; he
was present at the siege and storm of that place, and' received the
medal given on that occasion.

The following are the dates of this ofScer's commissions : — lieut. fire-
worker, April 1796; lieut. Feb. 1800; capt.-lieut. Oct 1801; capt.
Nov. 1806; brevet-maj. June 1813; and major of artillery, SejH. 1,
1816.



MAJOR FRANCIS F. STAUNTON.
(Bombay EstabUshmaU.J

This officer commenced his military career at the early age of sixteen,
as a lieut. in the Cheshire fencible infantry, raised by Col. Courtenay,
joined that corps at Chester in 1795, and did duty with it in England,
and in Jersey, until April 1798, when he obtained a cadetship on the
Bombay establishment; and arriving at Bombay on the 21st Sept. in
that year, was immediately appointed ensign in the 1st or grenadier
battalion of Bombay Native infantry.

At that period regimental rank had not taken place in the Com-
pany's army, and it was then considered desirable in many respects
to be posted to that distinguished corps, always the first ordered on
service — a compliment paid to this officer by the late Gen. James
Stuart, then Com-in-Chief at that presidency, on the plea of his having



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96 THE EAST INDIA

served at home, as a lieut. in his Majesty^s army ; further assuring him
that as soon as the prescribed documents (which he directed him to
write for) reached Bombay, he should be placed at the head of the list
of cadets of his season, a precedence he was entitled to by the Com-
pany's regulations. Gen. Stuart resigned the command of the Bombay
army, and returned to England before the documents arrived ; and
Ensign Staunton's applications for the precedency of rank, to which he
considered himself entitled in the Company's army, failed of success*.
The war with Tippoo Sultaun immediately followed, and Ensign
Staunton served with the grenadiers during that eventful period; he
accompanied them to the siege, and was at the storm of Jemaulabad
in the Canara country, in 1799.

Regimental rank having taken place, this officer was removed to
the 4th N. I. then serving against Doondia Cawn, in the Scindia
country. He joined and did duly with that corps, until an alteration
in regimental rank removed him to the 2nd battalion of his former
regiment, the grenadiers. Rejoined at Surat, and proceeded with the
corps on the expedition to Egypt. A brother of this officer was at
this period serving as capt.-lieut. in the 13th foot, then before Alexan-
dria, and in consequence Ensign Staunton obtained leave to precede
the Indian army, and arrived at Alexandria some days before it sur-
rendered, in the expectation of serving with his brother's regiment ;
but in this he was disappointed, by the capitulation of Gen. Menou.
He then rejoined the Indian army, and continued with it during its
stay in Egypt, where his regiment suffered much from the plague and
ophthalmia. On the return of this corps to India, it immediately

* There are three instances in which the claim for precedence has heen adnvitted in this
officer's own regiment on similar grounds, viz. Capt. Montresor obtained it from having
held a commission in the Suffolk Fencibles ; Capt. Brown on a like plea ; and Capt.
Morin for having been in the Jersey Militia. The loss of military rank is peculiarly unfor-
tunate in the present case. At the battle of Corygaum, one of the most disttnguisbed
afiairs in Indian History, this officer commanded with the rank of captain only, although be
had then been twenty years in the service, and received the Seringapatam and Egyptian
medals : from not being a field-officer^ he was, by the regulations, excluded from the
honours of the Bath.



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MILITABY CALEHDAR. 97

took tbe field in Guzerat* Ensign Staunton served at the siege of
Baroda, the capital of that province, and in various parts of that
country, until ill health compelled him to return to England for his
recovery. On that object being accomplished, he rejoined his corps
at Poonah, and served with it during the late M ahratta war: he was
present at the battle of Kirkee, under the command of the late Lieut.-
Col. Burr ; and commanded a detachment, consisting of his corps, the
2nd battalion of grenadiers, 300 irregular horse, and an officer and
twenty-six European artillerymen, with two six-pounders, that de-
feated the Peishwa's army atCorygaum*, on the 1st Jan. 1818; on

* It is but just to the services of this officer to record in this place the sentiments of the
late President of the board of controul, Mr. Canning, on this brilliant afiair : —

*' The combined courage and attachment of the Native and British troops were never
more conspicuous than on one occasion^ which I will take the liberty to particolarize, for
the purpose of paying a just tribute, as well to the Native troops as to the talents of an
officer commanding them. It is an instance which I may select without invidiousness, as
the rank of the officer does not allow of his name being mentioned in a vote of thanks. A
body of between 6 and 900 men, all natives, except the artillery, the proportion of which
to a force of this strength many gentlemen present can estimate more correctly than my-
self, was on its march from a distant part of the Peishwa's territories to Poonah, soon after
the denunciation of hostilities, and unexpectedly found itself in presence of the whole M ah-
ratta army. What was the exact amount of the Peishwa's force I am not able to state with
precbion, but the cavalry alone was not less than 20,000. The small band which I have
described, hemmed in on all sides by this overwhelming superiority of numbers^ maintained
through a long day an obstinate and victorious resistance : victorious— for they repelled on
every point the furious attacks of the enemy. The chief suffisring of which they com-
plained during this singular and most unequal contest was intolerable thirst, which they
could not procure the means of slaking until the action was over. In the end they not
only secured an unmolested retreat, but they carried off their wounded ! In such a waste
and wilderness of space and of glories, distracting the sight and perplexing the judgment^ it
is satisfactory thus to select some small insulated field of action, which one can compre-
hend at a single glance, and of which (as of some green and sunny spot in a far-stretching
and diversified landscape) one can attach and delineate all the characteristic features.
From this one small achievement, small as to extent, but mighty with reference to the
qualities in it, the spirit which pervaded and animated the whole Indian army may be
inferred. The officer who commanded this gallant little force was Capt. Staunton : his
rank does not entitle him to be recorded in our votes, but the House will be glad to learn
that his merits and services have not been overlooked by his immediate employers, the
court of directors."

(See Mr. Canning's Speech^ March 4, 1819, on motmg the thanks of the House of
Commons to the Marquess qf Hastings and the army in India.)

O



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98 THB 1BA8T INDIA

which occasion the annexed orders were published bj the Governor-
General and Sir T. Hislop.

The following are the dates of this OflScer's commissions — Ensign,
21 Sept. 1798 ; Lieutenant, 6 March, 1800 ; Captain, 23 April, 1807;
and Major, I6 April, 1819.

" General Orders, Bombay Castle, 7th Feb. 1818.
^' Although the 2d battalion of the 1st regiment N. I. is at present
detached from the immediate controul of this government, yet as it
forms a part of the Bombay army, the Rt. Hon. the Gov. in Comicil
feels it a most gratifying duty to publish the following divisional orders
issued by Brig. Gen. Smith, with Capt. Staunton's report of the gal-
lant defence made on the 1st inst. at Corygaum, against the army of
the Peidiwa in the presence of his Highneiss, by the detachment unckr
Capt. Staunton's command.

" Division Orders by Brig. Gen. Smithy C. B.

Camp near Seroor, 7th Jan. 1818.
'* The commanding officer having received the official accounts of
an attack made by the Peishwa*s army on a small detachment com-
manded by Capt Staunton, of the 2d batt. ]st reg. Bombay N. I. at
the village of Corygaum, has great satisfaction in publishing the parti^
culars for general information, and in holding it up to the force, as
one of the most brilliant examples of gallantry and perseverance re-
corded in our Indian annals. This detachment, consisting of a detail
of Madras Art. and two 6-pounders, 1st batt. N. I. about 6OO strong,
and about 300 auxiliary horse, the whole under Capt. Staunton, march-
ed from Seroor for Poonah, at 8 P. M, on the Slsl Dec. and reached
the heights overlooking Corygaum about ten in the forenoon, 1st Jan.
from whence the whole of the Peishwa's army, estimated 20,000 horse,
and several thousand infantry, were discovered in the plain south of
the Beemah river. Capt. Staunton immediately moved upon the vil-
lage of Corygaum with the intention of occupying it, and had scarcely
succeeded in reaching it with his detachment, when he was attacked
in the most determined manner by three divisions of the Peishwa's



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MILITARY* CAI^WlDAB.r 99

cboiotttiiifiintry^ support^ by imkueiise bodies of hbrk& and the fire
oityto fHeces of artillery ; the emmy^ troops weresthnul^Ltedto their
utaiost exertions by the prespnce of the Peiahwa on a distant hdrght^
attended by the principal Mabratta chiefs, who flattered bis Highness
with the prospect of witnessing the destruction of this gallant handful
of JBdti^ ^troops. The enemy obtained immediate possession of the
strongest posts of the rillage, from which it "was found. iA[ipossihle to
disloc^ them, and possession of tbe remdining part was most obsti^
nately contested from noon till 9 P- Mw during whidv time ahaoobt
every pagoda and house had been repeatedly taken and retaken, and
one of the guns dt one time was in possession of the enemy. Towarck
the clo^e of the evening, the detachment was placed in the most trfing
situation ; at this period nearly the whole of the artillery men*w«re
killed or woanded, and about one<-third>of the infantry and aus^ary
horse* The exertions which the European officers had been called
upon to make in leading their men to frequent charges with the bayonet
bad diminished their numbers : Lieut Ghisholm of the artillery^ and
Mr. Assist. Surg. Wingate, 2d battalion 1st regiment, were killed, and
Lieut. Swanston, Pattinson, and Connellon wounded, leaving only
Capt. Staunton, and Lieut Jones and Mr. Assist. Suig.Wyldie, nearly
exhausted, to direct the efforts of the remaining part of the detach- '
ment, who were nearly frahtic from the want of water, and the almost
unparallelol exertions they had made throughout the day without any
sort of refreshment, afker a fatiguing march of twenty-eight miles.
Under cover of the night they were enabled to procure a supply of
water, and at 9 P* M. the enemy were forced to abandon the village,
afler sustaining an immense loss in killed and wounded*

" The British character was nobly^ supported throughout the whole
of this arduous contest, by the European oflScers, and a small detail of
Madras Art. The Medical officers also led on the sepoys to charges
with the bayonet, the nature of the contest not admittingof their attend-
ing to their professional duties ; and in such a struggle, the presence of
a single European was of the utmost consequence, and seemed to in-
spire the native soldiers with the usiial confidence of success. At day



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100 THE BAST INDIA

light on the 2d the enemy were still in sight, but did not renew the at-
tack, although it prevented the troops, whose ammunition was nearly
expended, from procuring any supply of provisions. Capt. Staunton*
however made preparations for moving according to circumstances ;
and the manner in which that officer availed himself of the few re-
sources which remained to him after such a conflict, to prosecute his
march, and bring away the numerous wounded of his detaclunent, is
highly praiseworthy. The detachment moved during the night of the
2d upon Seroor, which they reached at nine o'clock on the forenoon of
the 3d, having had no refreshment from the 31st Dec. — Capt. Staunton
brought in nearly the whole of the wounded, and both the guns and