John Phin.

The workshop companion. A collection of useful and reliable recipes, rules, processes, methods, wrinkles, and practical hints for the household and the shop online

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Queen's metal, composition of, 15.
Rabbits, to cuie skins of, 129.
Red ink, 67.
Red light, 85, 86.
Resins, characters of, 119.
Rosewood, imitation, 157.
Ross, Andrew, lacquer used by, 82.

method of preparing rouge for polish-
ing, 115.

method of preparing putty pow-
der, 118.
Ross, Lord, method of preparing rouge

for polishing, 116
Rouge for polishing. 115.
Rust and corrosion of iron, to prevent, 74.

Sailcloth, to make impervious to water, 147.
Sandarach, solvents for, 119.
Saws, how to put in order, 120.
Saws, tempering, 135.

Secret writing, ink for, 69.

Seed lac, 121

Sheep skins for mats, curing of, 128.

Shelkc, character of, 121.

adulteration of, lax.

solvents for, 119, 121.

clarifying solutions of, 122.

bleaching, 122.

varnish, 142.

Sieves, very fine, to make, 121
Silver, aluminium, 13.

characters of, 122.

for solder, 23.

ink, 68.

amalgam for mirrors, 9^.

how hardened, 122.

oxidized, 123.

to clean, 125,

to imitate old, 124.

to remove ink stains from, 125.

to dissolve off plated ware, 125.

to work and polish, 122.

nitrate, to remove stains of, 13*.
Silvering mirrors, amalgam for, 06.

inside of globes, etc., 13.

leather, etc., 126.

powder, 126.

solution, 127.

amalgam for metals, 127.
Silversmiths' work, how finished, 12*
Size, glue, how to make, 127.

for window shades, 129.

for drawing paper, 127,

gold, 127.

Sizing for window shades, 127.
Skeleton leaves, 83,
Skins, tanning and curing, 128.
Skins, sheep, curing for mats, 128.

of rabbits, cats, etc., to cure, 129.
Soft cement, 37.
Solder, soft, composition of, 23.

hard, how to make, 24.

flux for, 24.

wire, 24.

for platinum, 25.

German silver. 25.
Soldering, 22.
Soldering fluid, 23.
Soluble glass cement, 37.
Sorel's cement, 38.
Speculum metal, how to make, 15.
Spirituous liquors as a stimulant, 10.
Spotted varnish, to restore, 145.
Springs, to temper, 135.
Staining wood, 154.
Stains, how removed, 129.

acids, 129.

aniline dyes, 130.



Stains, fruit, 130.

grease, 130.

ink and iron mould, 131.

mildew, 131.

nitrate of silver, 132.

paint, 132.

tar, 132.

Stamps, ink for, 70.
Steam boiler cement, 38.
Steel, forging, 132.

burnt, to restore, 133.

to gild, 54.

to harden, 133.

to temper, 134.

blazing off, 134.

welding, 136.

to blue, 136.

springs, to temper, 135.
Stencils, ink for, 70.
Stick lac, 121.

Stimulants use of in case of accident, 10.
Stings of insects, remedy for, 113.
Stoppers, glass, to fit, 56.

to remove tight, 56.

Strychnine as a poison, antidote for, 13.
Sulphur, 137.

bleaching by means of, 137.

disinfecting by means of, 137.

as a cement, 138.

for making moulds, 138.
Sympathetic ink, 69.
Tanning and curing skins, 128.
Tar, to remove stains of, 132.
Tempering steel on one edge, 134.

steel, color indications, 134.

steel springs, 135.

steel saws, 135.
Tin, 138.

how corroded, 138.

alloys of, 138.

and iron, 139.
Tinning iron, 75.
Tracing paper, 104.
Transfer paper, 104.
Transparent cement for glass, 38.
Turner's cement, 38
Tutty powder or putty powder, 117
Type metal, 15.
Varnish, 139.

for browned iron, 61.

for basket ware, 139.

black, for optical work, 140.

black, for cast iron, 140.

green, 140.

for bright iron work, 141.

for maps, 141.

mastic, 141.

Varnish for bright metals, 141.

for paintings, 141.

for preventing rust, 142.

shellac, 142.

tortoise shell, Japan, 142.

turpentine, 142.

for violins and simitar articles, 142.

for replacing turpentine and linseed
oil paints, 14'.

white, hard, for wood or metal, 143.

white, for paper, 143.

white spirit, 143.

Parisian, for wood, 143.

for stained wood, 143.

to restore spotted, 145.

black, for zinc, 158.
Varnishing paper, 103.

directions lor, 144.
Vienna lime for polishing, 118.
Violins, varnish for, 142.
Voltaic batteries, 145.

zincs for, 146.

Walnut, black, to imitate, 156.
Washing glass vessels, 58.
Watch, care of, 146.
Waterproof glass paper, 103.
Waterproofing, methods used for, 147.

for leather, 147.

for canvas, 147.

for sailcloth, 147.

ordinary goods, 148.

Water stains, to remove from engra-
vings, 105.

Wax for polishing floors, 151.
Waxed paper, 105.

Weather paper or barometer paper, 102.
Welding copper, 39.

iron, 72.

steel, 136.

Whiting for polishing, 114.
White light, 85, 86, 87.
Whitewash, Treasury Department recipe

for, 149.

Whitewash, to "kill," 150.
Window shades, sizing for, 127.
Wollaston's white cement, 38.
Wood's fusible metal, 15.
Wood floors, 151.

polishing, 151.

staining, 154.

Zinc, characters of, 158.

to pulverize, 158.

black varnish for, 158.
Zincing iron, 74.

iron by cold process, 75.
Zincs for batteries, amalgamating, 146



The intention of the publishers is to give in this Series a number of small books which
will give Thorough and Reliable Infermationin the plainest possible language, upon the

Each volume will be by some one who is not only practically familiar with his subject,
but who has the ability to make it clear to others. The volumes will each contain from
50 to 75 pages , will be neatly and clearly printed on good paper and bound in tough
and durable binding. The price will be 25 cents each, or fiiie for One Dollar.

The following are the titles of the volumes already issued. < Hhers will follow at
short intervals.

I. Cements and Glue.

A Practical Treatise on the Preparation and Use of All Kinds of Cements, Glue
and Paste. By JOHN PHIN, Editor of the Young' Scientist and the A menca*>
Journal of Microscopy
Every mechanic and householder will find this volume ot almost everyday use. It

contains nearly 200 recipes for the preparation of Cements for aXriost every conceivable


II. The Slide Rule, and How to Use It.

This is a compilation of Explanations, Rules and Instructions suitable for mechanics
and *hers interested in the industrial arts. "Rules are given for the measurement of
all kinds of boards and planks, timber n the round or square, glaziers' work and paint-
ing, brickwork, paviors* work, tiling and slating, the measurement of vessels oi various
shapes, the wedge, inclined planes, wheels and ftxles, levers, the weighing and meas-
urement of mejTtlK and all solid bodies, cylinders, cones, globes, o< tagon rules and
formula;, the measurement of circles, and a comparison of French and Fn.^lish measures,
with much other information, useful to builders, carpenters, brickbyers, glaziers,
paviors, slaters, machinists arid other mechanics.

Possessed of this little Book and a good Slide Rule, mechanics mi^ht carry in their
pockets some hundreds ot times the po.ver of calculation that they now have in the-
heads, and the use of the instrument is very easily acquired

III. Hints for Painters, Decorators and I'aperlianjjers.

Being a selection of Useful Rules, Data, Memoranda, Meth ds and Suggestions
for House, Ship, and Furniture i'ai. ting, l'aper!anging, Gliding, Color Mixing,
and other matters Useful and In-trucme to Painters and Dcconrors. Prepared
with Special Reference tj the W nts of Amateurs. By an Old Hand.

IV. Construction, Use and Care of Drawing Instruments.

Being a 'Treatise on Draughting Instruments, with Rules for their Use and Care,
Explanations of Scale;, Sectors and Protractors. Together with Memoranda for
Draughtsmen, Hints on Purchasing Paper, Ink, Instruments, Pencils, etc. Also a
Price List of all materials required by Draughtsmen. Illustrated with twenty-four
Explanatory Illustrations. By FKED. T. HODGSON.

V. The Steel Square.

Some Difficult Problems in Carpentry and Joinery Simplified and Solved by the
aid of the Carpenters' Steel Square, together with a Full Description of the Tool,
and Explanations of the Scales, Lines and Figures on the Blade and Tongue, and
How to them in Everyday Work. Showing how the Square may be Used
in Obtaining the Lengths and Bevels of Rafters, Hips, ( Jroins, Braces, Brackets,
Purlins, Collar- Beams, and Jack-Rafteis. Also, its Application in Obtaining
the Bevels and Cuts for Hnppers, Spring Mouldings, Octagons, Diminished
Styles, etc., etc. Illustrated by Numerous Wood-cu s By FKED. T. HODGSON,
Author of the ' Carpenters' Stce Square."

Note. This work is intended iis an elementary introduction for the u->eof those who
have not time to study Mr. Hodgson's larger work on the same subject.



A Collection of Useful and Reliable Recipes, Rules, Processes,
Method*, Wrinkles, and Practical Hints, for the House-
hold ami the Shop. Pnpei% 25 cents; cloth. 60 cents.

This is an extension of the First Part, and contains subjects which have
not been discussed in the earlier volume. These two volumes are not a
mere collection of newspaper clippings, like most of the books of "Recipes."
but a series of thorough articles on practical matters in regard to which
information is constantly desired in the shop, the house, and on the farm.

The two parts are also issued in one volume, printed on extra paper, and
handsomely bound in cloth, under the title of THE PRACTICAL ASSISTANT.
Price $1.

1 IODGSON*. Third edition, enhirged and improved, with
100 engravings. Just issued. Cloth $!.('()

The most valuable, practical, and simple work for mechanics ever pub-

scription of the various Steel Squares ;md Their Uses in
Solving a large number of Mechanical Problems in Con-
structive Carpentry, Joinery, Sheet-metal Work, Cut-Stone
and Brick Work. Also showing how many geometrical
and other problems may be solved by the use of the steel
square. By FI:KI>. T. HODGSON, editor of "The Builder
and Woodworker." Finely illustrated. Cloth. . $l.(i :

This forms Part II of "The Steel Square and Its Uses." It gives new
problems, new methods, and new wrinkles for shortening work.

With these two volumes in his possession the workman is prepared
lay out anj 7 piece of work more easily, quickly, and accurately than it < ;.u
be done by any other method.

Sent by mail on receipt of price. Address


9 Barclay Street, New York.

Send for our Complete Catalogue.

A Practical Guide to Success in the use of Re-
cipes, Formulae, &c. With Hints on Chemical and
Mechanical Manipulation. Intended as a Supplement to
all Books <f Reeipes. By JHN PHIN. Paper, 25 cents.

While it is an undoubted fact that in vny of the recipes published in the
ordinary collections are erroneous, eitl er froir. original blunders on the
parr of the authors or from mistakes in

frequently arises from defective inforn
part of I hose who attempt to put- the

opying. failure in the use of others

at ion and vicious methods on the
n in practice. The object of the

present book is to yive such hints and cautions as will enable the worker to
secure success where success is possible: and where the products are in-
tended for sale ii nives special Mid valuable advice in regard to the best
methods of putting them on the market.

Electrical Rulas, Tables, Tests, and Formulae.

By AxuiiEW JAMIESOX, C.E., F.K.S.E. Fully illustrated.
12ino, dotii .75 cents.

This is the most compact and thorough work in the market for the
pru-ti'-al electrician. It contains minute directions for all calculations.
tests. &<.. with elear e: Cravings of the apparatus employed. The following
list of contents will give an idea. of. its scope:

..f th- Absolute Units. Practical, Electrical, Mechanical. Heat
L'lit !":ii's. [tion. '

c]ni - ;ji Equivalents, riectrolysis. Heat and Energy of Combus-
IVactii-al Me- hods of Electrical Measurements.
Electric t'onductors: Copper. &c. Insulators: Guttapercha, &c.
Submarine ( - ibb's. Aerial Land-lines.
Electric Lighting, and Transmission of Power.

A Full Account of 1,OOO Hens, and what they did.

With many new wrinkles and economical dodges. By
J. P. HATG. Illustrated. Cloth $1.1*0

Tho most thoroughly practical book on poultry in market.


Plain Directions for Acquiring this Art. With

several Valuable and hitherto Secret Recipes of Gr< at

Practical Importance to the Sportsman. Finely illusti-'d.

Cloth * 75 cents.

Sent by mail on receipt of price. Address


9 Barclay Street, New York.

Sriid for our Complete Catalogue.



Eret or Scroll Sawyers,

MR. F. T. HODGSON, whose admirable series of articles on the USE OF THE
SCROLL SAW are now in course of publication in the YOUNG SCIENTIST, has pre-
pared for us a series of

of which the following is a list :

No. i. This shows one side, back, and bottom, of a pen rack. It may be made
of ebony, walnut, or other dark wood.

No. 2. Design for inlaying drawer fronts, table tops, box lids, and many other
things. It is a sumach leaf pattern.

No. 3. Design for a thermometer stand. It may be made of any hard wood or
alabaster. The method of putting together is obvious.

No. 4. This shows a design for a lamp screen. The open part may be covered
with tinted silk, or other suitable material, with some appropriate device worked on
with the needle, or, if preferred, ornaments may be painted on the silk, etc.

No. 5. A case for containing visiting cards. Will look best made of white holly.

No. 6. A placque stand, it may be made of any kind of dark 01 medium wood.

No. 7. A design for ornaments suitable for a window cornire. It should be
made of black walnut, and overlaid on some light colored hard wood.

No. 8 A design for a jewel ca.sket. This will he very pretty made of white holly
and lined with blue velvet It also looks well made of ebony lined with crimson.

No. 9. Frame. Will look well made of any dark wood.

No. 10. Frame. Intended to be made in pairs. Looks well made of white holly,
with leaves and flowers painted on wide stile.

No. n. Horseshoe. Can be made of any kind of wood and used for a pen rack.
When decorated with gold and colors, looks very handsome.

No. 12. Design for a hinge strap. If made of black walnut, and planted on a
white or oaken door, will look well.

No. 13. Design for a napkin ring. May be made of any kind of hard wood.

No. 14. Hinge strap for doors with narrow stiles.

No. 15. Centre ornament for panel.

No. 16. Corner ornament for panel.

No. 17. Key-hole escutcheon.

These designs we have had photo-lithographed and printed on good paper, so that
the outlines are sharp, and the opposite sides of each design symmetrical. Common
designs are printed from coarse wooden blocks, and are rough and unequal, so that
it is often impossible to make good work from them.

The series embraces over forty different pieces, and designs of equal quality cannot
be had for less than five, ten or fifteen cents each. We offer them for twenty-five
Cents for the set, which is an average price of only one cent and a half each.

Mailed to any address on receipt of price.




This book is due on the last date stamped below, or

on the date to which renewed.
Renewed books are subject to immediate recall.

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General Library

University of California






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Online LibraryJohn PhinThe workshop companion. A collection of useful and reliable recipes, rules, processes, methods, wrinkles, and practical hints for the household and the shop → online text (page 16 of 16)