John R Tudor.

The Orkneys and Shetland; their past and present state online

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The Orkneys i
Shetland (


1875
1880

1875
1880

187s
1880


26,047
24,838

43.847
47.223

36.482
35,845


10,899
12,981

16,183
18,888

2,488
2,690


23,141
26,728

17.764
21,530

5.359
5,553


14.383
13,829

11.247
10,879

2,329
1,726


i9,7°4
19,002

2.323
2-591

1,196
1,343


10,042
8,176

2,254
3,847

4,402
11,200


104,216
105,554

93.618
104,958

52.256
58,357



Table 3.— ANALYSIS OF TABLES i AND 2, SHOWING AVERAGE NUMBER
OF ACRES OF EACH HOLDING IN EACH CLASS.



Caithness ... ■



The Orkneys \



Shetland...



187s



1875



1875



50 acres

and

under.



"•338
12-344



i5'8io
16 436



9'5;4
10 157



100 to
300.



7032
6941



6857

67-69



73 10

74 70



300 to
500.



168-9


310-8


172 '2


3737


165-4

164 3


374-9
375-1


178-6
185-1


332 7
43' 5



SOD to
1,000.


1,000

and

over.


Average;
over all '
distnct.


703-6
6334


1255-25
1362 80


40440
43 "505


580-7
6247


II27

128230


29748
31-623


598
671-5


4402
3733'3o


13-611
i6'i9a



APPENDIX E I.



597



Tablf. i,. — total area AND ACREAGE UNDER EACH KIND OF CROP,
BARE FALLOW, AND GRASS.





Caithness.


The Orkneys.


Shetland.


1870.


1881. 1


1870.


1881.


1870.


1881.




Acres


Acres.


Acres.


Acres.


Acres.


Acres.


Total area ...


445>7o8


445.708


a.


a.


a.


a.


Total acreage under crops,














bare fallow, and grass ...


100,226


105.938


86,949


108,795


50,454


58.437


Com Crops —














Wheat


22


13




I






Barley, or Bere


1.737


1.334


6,809


5.910


2,352


2,665


Oats


32,635


34,396


27,648


.32,373


9,173


8,109


Rye...


46


lOI


48


10




...


Beans


I




I


I






; Peas


36


30


19


38






Total of Com Crcps...


34.477


35.874


34.525


38,333


11,525


10,774


Green Crops —














Potatoes ...


2,489


1,980


3.420


3,137


2,902


3,124


Turnips and Swede's


12,874


14,051


10,384


13.952


424


763


Mangold




6










Carrots














Cabbage, Kohl-Rabbi,














and Rape


91


53


83


44


1.34


253


Vetches and other Green














Crops except Clover and














Grass


340


809


119


349






Total of Green Crops...


15,794


16.899


14,006


17,482


3,460


4,140 1


! Clover, Sanfoin, and Gras-














j ses under Rotation


27,646


26,63s


22,234


31.143


44-


757


' Permanent Pasture, or Grass














not broken up in Rotation














(exclusive of Heath or














Mountain Land)


21.125


25,604


15,041


20,846


33. '09


41,809


Flax


3




2








Bare Fallow or Uncropped














Arable Land


1,181


926


1,141


991


1,920


957



a. The area of the Orkneys and Shetland together is 598,726 acres.



!598



THE ORKNEYS AND SHETLAND.



Table 5.-


-NUMBER OF LIVE STOCK.








Caithness.


The Orkneys.


Shetland.


1870.


1S81.


1870.


1881.


1870.


1881.


Horses (including Ponies) as
Returned by Occupiers of
Land, used solely for Agri-
culture

Unbroken Horses and Mares
kept solely for breeding...


3.715
1,009


3,9°7
1,282


4.579
972


4,950
1,231


2,604
2.247


921
4.323


Total of Horses


4,724


5,189


5.551


6,181


4,851


5.244


Cattle-
Cows and Heifers in Milk

or in Calf
Other Cattle—

2 years of age and above
Under 2 years of age ...


7,086

3,082
8,843


6,795

3,450
9,778


8,438

3,946
9,851


9,341

4,324
12,438


8,367

6,886
5,608


8,S'3 1

5,557
5,047


Total of Cattle


19.731


20,023


22,235


26,103


20,861


19,117


Sheep—

I year old and above
Under i year old


58,727
29,289


63,699
24,673


15,294
10,470


16,852
12.212


53.363
27,250


47,426
24,730


Total of Sheep


88,016


88,372


25,764


29,064


80,613


72,156


Pigs


1,774


1,647


5,083


3,769


4.744


3,789

1



APPENDIX E 2. £99



APPENDIX E 2.
From the Orkney Herald^ May T^rd, 1882,

STOCK AND EGG EXPORTS FROM ORKNEY.

" To-DAY we give details of the exports of stock and eggs
" from Orkney during last year. The statistics have been
" collected with great care from a variety of sources, and
" although there may be a few omissions, the figures are sub-
" stantially correct, and in any case where there was not de-
" finite data to go upon the estimate is given so low as to be
" below the actual number. While the exports this year show
" an increase of 17 bulls, 982 sheep, 54 horses, and 49 live
" pigs as compared with last year, there is a decrease of 226
" cattle and 83 lambs. This season, however, we give the
" number of dead pigs, of which we had no definite statistics
** for the previous year, and representing a money value of
" ;^9,o48. The total number of stock of all kinds, including
" dead pigs, is 18,052, against 14,243 in 1880, and the
" estimated value ^^123, 019 5^., as against ;i^iii,i88 45.
"The net increase in value for the year is ;z^2,673, or with
" the addition of the dead pigs, ;^i 1,721. Comparing these
" figures with those for 1866, we find that there is an increase
" in the animals exported of 3,477, valued at ^35,176. The
" increase in the money value is very striking ; and this is the
" more remarkable when it is mentioned that in 1866 more
" cattle were sent from Orkney than last year ; but sheep and
" lambs were only about half the present number. It must be
" remembered, however, that fifteen years ago nearly all the
" cattle sent south were store and lean beasts, while of late
" years farmers have paid more attention to feeding beasts.
" This season the increase in the value of eggs exported is
" ;^5o8 135. ^d. as compared with last year, and ^^12,428 10^.
" over the value of those exported in 1866, the totals being
" ;^20,854 iT,s. 4d, ^^32,744, and £33,282 13^. 4^.
" respectively. For 18C6 the estimated value is yd. per doz.



6oo



THE ORKNEYS AND SHETLAND.



and for the last two years 8^/. per doz. The details of the
exports of last year will show the extent of this traffic.
The number of boxes exported was 7,132, containing
from 120 to 160 dozen each. Taking the average number
in each box at 140 dozen, this gives a total of 998,480
dozen, or 11,981,760 eggs. Adding the value of eggs
and stock together we get the large revenue of ^^156,191
1 3 J. j^d. from these sources. The total rental of the
islands, including ^11,000 for the burgh of Kirkwall,
is .;^79>5395 so that these exports are almost equal to
double the entire rental of the county, or excluding the
burgh and other town valuations, about three times the rental
of the rural districts. In the annexed table the estimated
value of stock per head for 1881 is — cattle, ;;^i6; bulls,
^20; horses, ^22 ; sheep, 35^.; lambs, 235.; live pigs,
;i^3 105.; and dead pigs, ^3. The odd shillings are
omitted in the tabular statement.



1881.


1880.




1879.


"5,707 cattle .


• ;^9I.3I2


5>933


•■ ;.i"9i,96i


5,524


- ;^77,336


" 79 bulls


1,580


62


1,240


82


2,050


" 2S8 horses ..


■ 6,336


234


.. 5,148


198


3,960


" 5,782 sheep .


10,118


4.800


8, 400


3,418


... 5,982


" 2,815 lambs ,.


• 3,237


2,898


3,333


2,819


2,819


" 365 live pigs


1,277


316


1,106


98


220


" 3,016 dead do.


9,048
^122,909







12,139





" 18,052


14,243


;^III,l88


^■92,367



" The following table gives the number and value of the
" exports fifteen years ago : —



" 7,340 cattle (« ^10 each

" 140 horses % ^Qio each .

" 4,580 sheep and lambs @ 2i.f. each

" 200 live pigs @ dos. each .

" 2,315 dead pigs @ 655. each



^73,400

1,400

4,809

600

7,524



'' Mo75



^"87,733



APPENDIX F.



60 1



" The egg exports for the three years, 1881, 1880, and 1866,
" are as under : —



1 88 1— 998,480 doz. (^ M.
1880—983,220 doz. @ ^d.
1866 — 715,000 doz. @ id.



32,774
20,854



These statistics show that the islands are developing at a
steady pace as a food-producing district. In cattle breeding
no place in the kingdom has been so fortunate as Orkney,
for there has never been an epidemic amongst the stock,
and, as a consequence, the animals find a ready sale at high
prices in the southern markets. The extraordinary export of
eggs also proves that the farmers' wives attend to their part
of the work, and add a tidy sum every year to the income
from the farm."



APPENDIX F.



No. I.

ACCOUNT SHOWING NUMBER OF BARRELS OF HERRINGS CAUGHT
IN THE ORKNEYS AND SHETLAND, AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION,
FOR YEARS 1877-81.







Total








Total






number of


Crown


Crown


Crown


number of ,






barrels


Full.


Maties.


Spent.


barrels |






cured.








branded.


'1 he Orkneys ...


1877


12,383


2,985


52Si


i.8s2j


5-46ii


Shetland


1877


5.451


1.629




1,414.^


3.043i


TheOrkacys ...


1878


17.831


4,037i


2.o33i


i,i66i


7.356*


Shetland


1878


8.632


3.i43i




3.001 i


6.14s


The Orkneys ...


1873


9.876


2.3224


925


1.413*


4.695*


Shetland


1879


8,755


3.291


'58


1,501*


4.979


1 he Orkneys ...


1880


19,807


4,6o6i


3,ni


784*


8.532.


Shetland


1880


48.552


8,483*


387


S.847


19.634*


The Orkneys ...


1881


'7.59'


3.928J


1.113


572


5.738


Shetland


1881


59,586


9,82oi


2,3ooi


5,4o6i


29.373



Note. — All barrels of cured herrings are not branded, and in addition to those
branded, "crf.wn full," "crown maties," and "crown spent," some are branded "crown
mixed," and "crown repacked." The "full" herrings are those with developed v es
and milts taken just before spawning; the "maties" are the
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Online LibraryJohn R TudorThe Orkneys and Shetland; their past and present state → online text (page 50 of 59)