John Robert Hume.

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OF THK



I I TIME FAMILY



Biographical and Chronological Record of the Rise and Progress of this an-
cient family and its founders from the days of Egbert the Saxon King of
Englaad to the present time. Particularly relating to the Wedder-
burn branch, its extinction in Scotland, and continuation in
Virginia with a History of the American claimant to Peer-
ages of Marchmont; Blazonberry and Polworth, and the
estates of Wedderburn, Redbrae and Greenlaw.
To which is added a list of the Letters and Doc-
uments relating to the Humes of Wedder-
burn in Scotland and America.



JOHN ROBERT HUME,

A. B., A. M.. M. D , Ph. D., L. R. C. P. Lond.. Ex-I'res. Wayne Academy. Instructor

Missouri State Training School. Kx- Professor Medical Latin and Physics. Also

Chemical Physiology Barnes Medical College, St. Louis. Physician in charge

Department of Pediatrics, Centenary Hospital. Assistant Physician

of Masonic Home of Missouri. Physician to St. Vincent De

Paul Society. St. Louis, Mo. Author of Series of

Genealogical Charts of Hume family and

various Monographs on Childhood.



PUBLISHED BY
HUME GENEALOGICAL ASSOCIATION,
ST. LOUIS. MO., U S. A.
1903.



This book is not Copyrighted and may be
freely copied and quoted without fear or favor.
It is the first of a series of Volumes to be issued
at periods yet to be agreed upon.

"Printed for Private Circulation.



ilTiHO



PREFACE.

I write these pageyafter the book has been printed. I am now
more familiar with its errors and short-comings than any one else.
I make an explanation, but no apology. Every person who has
contributed matter for these pages has had abundant opportunity
to make corrections and changes in the proof; for every such per-
son has had at least two complete proofs sent to him, or her, with
instructions for corrections, and all corrections have been made,
and the publisher has all such proof to show that such is the case.
So that no blame can be attached to the author and publisher for
names mis-spelled and dates not corrected.

Some have, and still others will, make complaint that their
lines are not full and complete. My answer to this is that every
line has been printed just as written, and some names have been
printed two or three times, because written that often.

Some have not complied with my request for their family his-
tory, and where this could not be obtained from others it has been
omitted.

The way has not always been smooth. Some persons — only
four I believe — have said and written some very offensive things
in a rather ungentlemanly way. One man, a Kausan, became
quite indignant and wrote to my secretary, Miss Maude Hume,
"that a certain Dr. Hume was trying to *faust a fraud upon the un-
suspecting people. " His grounds for such offense was that I had
passed through his State, and had not gone sixty miles out of my
way to see him. He who had not contributed five cents to the
work and knew nothing of the matter at issue.

Another, this time a Texan, lost his equilibrium over $2 00
subscribed (and returned), and wrote insulting things because I
had dared to write the history of a branch of the family — not his
own.

While a lady — refined and cultured — wrote from Chicago
to acuse me of grossness and coarse conduct.

And fourth and last, my own dear cousin and childhood play-
fellow, accused me of embezzling his $1.00 sent for a chart. All

*I presume lie meant to write the word foist, — H.



ii HISTORY OF THE HUME FAMILY.

these letters I have on file as loving mementos of the treatment one
gets from persons he tries to benfit.

This does not include the criticism and gossip that some have
have said to others, and not dared to repeat to me. But for
these I do not care — they are beneath my notice.

All mistakes in this volume will be corrected in the second
volume, which will appear about March 1, 1904, together with
lines not furnished for this one; also the lines of all other Humes
in America not in the Virginia family.

The author is under great obligation to the following persons
for assistance:

Hon. Frank Hume, for his assistance and money used in in-
vestigation in Europe; Mr. R. D. Hume, for like assistance, Miss
Sarah Hume, for work done on records in London; Miss Maude
Hume, secretary, for untiring correspondence and many pictures
drawn by her skillful hand for these pages; Mrs. T. S. Ellis, of
Kentucky, now dead, for old letters and papers so generously
furnished; Mesdames Archibald, Douglass and Buck, of Las
Vegas, for assistance in his work; Mrs. Hume Mock, and
many others for valuable service rendered.

Buschart Bros, deserve great credit for care and pains in com-
position and press work, and Fred. Graf, of this city, for engravings.

This completes a task which I have looked forward to since I
was a child and heard these wonderful stories at my grandfather's
knee. Four years of hard work for myself and sister and $3,000
in money — all except about $250 of which I earned by my own
effort — is what it has cost me; not to mention the worry and ill-
health occasioned by persistant misunderstanding, and complaint
by suspecting people who could not write and edit a ten line dodger,
to advertise a 4th of July picnic at a cross-roads post-office.

I have not always quoted my authority, but there is a reason
for every item in this book. If it is not correct, it is not my fault.

If it does not suit you, dear friend, don't take it. If you have
subscribed and paid, I will return your money. Don't take it and
then complain about it. If it is not right, probably you are to
blame for not making corrections about things you knew of in
time.

Your Kinsman,

John Robert Hume.

So don't kick.



INDEX.



Page.

Introduction 1-9

Chapter I : 9-21

Humes of Saxon England Elgiva, Cospatrieks, first to fourth,
Waldevus, Galfridus.

•Chapter II _ 21-24

Humes of Wedderburn,

Chapter III :. 24-27

Humes of Blackadder.

Chapter IV 27-29

Humes of Renton and Greenlaw.

•Chapter V 29-33

Humes Earls of March and Marchmont.

Chapter VI 34t37

Cospatrieks Earls of Dunbar.

Chapter VII 38-43

Agnes Countess of Dunbar.

Chapter IX 51-55

Hume, Lady Grizell.

Chapter X *. 55-59

Flodden Banner.

Chapter X 1 60-66

Humes in Jacobite Rebellion.

Chapter XII _ 66-73

Humes in Virginia

Chapter XIII ' 74-90

Humes of Kentucky, line of succession to Scotch dignities.

Chapter XIV 90-116

Humes in Kentucky, Missouri and the West, John Hume, Wil-
liam Hume, Stanton, Martha, Francis, Sarah Hume.

Chapter XV :. 116-156

Francis second son of Emigrant George.

Chapter XVI 156-165

John Hume third son of Emigrant George.

Chapter XVII „ 166-216

William Hume, fourth son of Emigrant Hume.

Chapter XIX 217-252

James Hume, fifth and Charles Hume sixth son of George.

Chapter XX 253-282

Charters, Letters and Documents relating to Hume family.



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
Headpiece, Chapter XIII __ 74

Arms of Earl of Hume.

Headpiece, Chapter XIV 91

Arms of old Wedderburns.

Headpiece, Chapter XV _ - 116

Arms of old Humes Wedderburn at Flodden.

Headpiece, Chapter XVI 157

Arms of present Humes of Wedderburn.

Headpiece, Chapter XVII 16*

Arms of Hume Geneological Association.

Headpiece, Chapter XIX _ _.2i:

Hume Castle.

Headpiece, Chapter XX 25.

Old Dunbar Castle in 1652.

Illustrations and Family Record 289-32:



PATERNAL ANCESTORS— MALE LINE.



Malcolm, II. King
of Scotland 1005-
1034 A. D.



Bethoc, married
Crinan lay Abbot
of Dunkeld, 2 sous.



Duncan, King of
Scotland, killed by
Macbeth, 1034-1040
(See Shakespeare. )

I
Malcolm III. Can-
more, King of Scot-
land; married first
dau. of Siward the
Dane 2nd Margaret,
sister of Edgar Ath-
eling.



Maldred, m. Agatha



of Uchtred,
dau. of King
red of England.



d.,
graud-
Ethel-



Cospatrick I. Earl of Northumberland, fought at
Hastings, 1st Baron of Dunbar, Founder of
Lands and family of Hume, died 1081.

I



Dolfyn Earl of
Cumberland.



Cospatrick II. 1st Earl
of Dunbar, Baron
of Hume, d 1139.



Waldeve, a Monk,
1116.



MATERNAL ANCESTORS— MALE LINE.



Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland.



Eadwulf Cudel Earl
of Northumber-
land.



Daughter who mar-
ried Siward the
Dane became Earl
of Northumberland.



Uchtred, married El-
giva, youngest
daughter of King
Ethelred, the un-
ready.



Agatha married Maldred.
Ancestor of Humes.



Cospatrick.



MATERNAL ANCESTORS— FEMALE LINE.



Egbert 1st King op United
England, 827-838.

I
Ethelwolf, 838-856.



Ethelbald,

856-860.
No issue.



Ethelbert,
860-866.
No issue.



Ethelred,
866-871.
No issue.



Alfred the

Great,

871-901.



Athelstan
925-941.
No issue



Edward
the Elder,
901-925.



Edmund
941-946.



Edred
946-955.



Edwy,
955-959.



Edgar,
959-975.



Edgar the Martyr.



Ethelred the unready,
979, 5th child, his;
youngest daughter,
married Maldred,
Ancestor of Humes.



Cospatrick.



INTRODUCTORY.

HUME — THE NAME.

This historic name had its being far back in the infancy of
the Anglo Saxon race; at a time when men took their names as
modifying or descriptive adjectives, usually alluding to some deed
of valor or prowess achieved on the field of battle. Our name
came, however, not from any deed of valor, for our earliest direct
ancestors were men of the church, lay priests, lay or married
abbots, etc.

The first name borne by the clan, and in fact that borne by
four successive generations, between the years 1034 and 1147, was
an official name, Cospatrick, meaning comptes or count, and Pat-
rick or father count, being a secular and patria, a religious or
ecclesiastical dignity and meant simply a lay abbott who had large
landed holdings. Finally in the twelfth century these officers were
separated and the Abbeys of Dunkeld, Kelso and Coldstream, were
separated from the landed interests of the younger brother who
took the name Hume; that being from the Latin word for lands. The
present farm of the word is now the same as centuries ago, and
here in the beginning let us moralize a little and hope that it may
long mean lands in a more practical way. The Humes have been
men of the soil from the days of the old Saxon thane or feudal
baron of the ante Norman period to the time of the Virginia and
Kentucky planter of our own times, and let us hope that the
Humes may long continue to cultivate their ancestral acres.

No Hume ever was a slave. God be thanked and long may
it be before he sinks to the slavery of common trade in which he
is a failure from his birth.

But to turn again to the name, the earliest way of spelling the
name is the same as that of the present day. True it is that in
Europe 150 years ago one Ninian Hume, after obtaining by
fraud and chicanery a hold on the lands of our own Ameri-
can George changed the name to Home a fad of the Earl of Home
and John Home, author of Douglass. Ninian probably did this
to satisfy his conscience for wrongs done his absent kinsmen.



HISTORY OF THE HUME FAMILY. 7

There long, however, have been and are yet to be found no less
than twenty-five different ways of spelling the name. Hume it is,
and Hume let it remain until the cycles of another millenium of
its history have rolled by.

Hume, Hum, Hieutn,Hieume,Hwme, Hwm, Hiewm, Hiewme,
Hewme, Heum, and Huem, Hoom, Hoome, Hown, Houm are
all forms of the name found in the early papers of the family.
During the later years of the seventeenth century several
other forms were in use in different parts of the world. Sir
Patrick Hume escaped to the continent and settled among
the Germans where he left collateral descendents who spelled the
name Humm and Huhm. Many German Humes in America and
even this city adhere to this orthography.

The late Col. David Milne, alias Home, who was a man of
great power and virtue, but who had no more right to the name
than any other descendant from the female line in Scotland, or any
other country, in editing the Hume manuscript from the ancient
charter chests of the family for the crown wherein the name
was mentioned, in his explanatory notes changed the name to agree
with his own assumed name, instead of following out the orthogra-
phy in the original as the men who bore the name used it.

De Hume, De Home, De Hum, and De Houme are early
forms in Scotland, and several branches of the family in Pennsyl-
vania and New York add a final s, making it Humes. This prac-
tice is not now very prevalent.

The ancestors of the Hume line may briefly be mentioned as
follows:

Malcolm II, King of the Scots, went to war with Ethelred
the unready, King of England, for Ethelred 's perfidy in paying the
infamous Danish Tax called Danegelt.

Ethelred went to war against him, but failed to humble the
intrepid Scot, whose grandson afterward married Ethelred's
youngest daughter. (See Hume Genealogical Chart.) He reigned
from 1005 to 1034 A. D., and was succeeded by Duncan, who was
murdered by Macbeth, as told by Shakespere.

Duncan was a son of Bethoc, daughter of Malcolm II, and
Crinan, Lay Abbot of Dunkeld. He reigned from 1034 to 1040.
Macbeth, the murderer, reigned eleven years, dying a violent death
in 1051. He was succeeded by L,ulach, who reigned seven



$ INTRODUCTORY.

months, and was succeed by Malcolm Canmore, rightful sovreign,
and one of the greatest in Scotland. He married St. Margaret,
sister of Edgar the atheling. He fought for his brother-in-law's in-
terest at Hastings, Cospatrick being one of his generals.

King Malcolm III reigned from 1058 to 1093. He was slain
at the Battle of Alnwick.

King Duncan had a younger brother named Maldredus who
married Agitha, daughter of Uchtred the earl and grand-
daughter of Waltheof the petty King of Northumberland.

Agitha was descended by her mother, Elgiva, youngest
daughter of King Ethelred of England from the ancient King of
Wessex, Egbert first King of United England who reigned from
827 to 838. Egbert was in turn descended from Charlemagne who
reigned in 726, in France.

Maldred had by Agitha one son.

Cospatrick I. born about 1000 A. D., and died in 1081; fought
at Hastings on side of Harold; fled into Scotland; secured lands
of Hume and Barony of Dunbar with Earldom of Northumberland
in right of his mother. It was his grandson, Cospatrick III, who
went on a crusade and died in Egypt, who aided Edward in his
conquest of Scotland and is mentioned by Jane Porter in "Scot-
tish Chiefs," as Earl of March.

The following chapter contains the later history of this line:






CHAPTER I.

THE HUMES OF SAXON BRITAIN.

This ancient family is descended from the union of the Royal
families of Great Britain and Scotland under the Saxon Dynasty.
The intermarriage was brought about by reason of oppression caused
by the Norman invasion in 1066, under the Duke William of Nor-
mandy, and was as follows:

E/g-iva, daughter of the unfortunate King Ethelred the Un-
ready, and sister of both Kings Edmond Ironsides, and Edward
the Confessor, founder of the Westminster Abbey, the famous royal
sepulchre in London, married the Petty King of Northumberland,
Waldevus by name, who was descended from Siward the Danish
Sea King; this union was blessed with no sons and the line was
carried on by the daughter Agitha, who married Maldredus, the
lay Abbot of Dunkeld and son of Malcolm II. King of Scotland,
and was consequently a younger brother of King Duncan, murdered
by Macbeth as told in Shakespeare's famous tragedy.

Cospatrick I. who in right of his mother became Earl of North-
umberland and who had distinguished himself fighting on the side of
the Saxons at the ill-fated field of Hastings, fled into Scotland with
Edgar the Atheling, the rightful heir to the English throne, and his
two sisters, Margret (the St. Margret of the Roman Church) who
married King Malcolm III. (Canmore), King of Scotland, and Chris-
tina, Abbess of Welton. In Scotland, Cospatrick as a reward for his
valor at Hastings had conferred on him the Earldom of Dunbar to
Iwhich was the Baronage of Hume not then a family name, from
im descended the present Hume family of Scotland, England, In-
dia, Australia, Cape Colony, and America, the line of descent is
briefly sketched as follows:

Cospatrick, first Earl of Dunbar, and March, had a second son
ilso by that name of whom little remains, except that the historic
amily Castle of Dunbar, a sketch of which will be furnished with
:his book, which stood until destroyed by Cromwell in 1556, was
erected by him.



10 HISTORY OF THE HUME FAMILY.

Cospatricklll, third Earl of Dunbar, was father of Sir Patrick,
a younger son who received the Baronage of Hume which had
hitherto been a part of the Earldom of Dunbar and was for the first
time separated only to be reunited under the name of Hume, as we
shall see.

Waldevus, eldest son of Cospatrick III., carried on the direct
line of Dunbar which ran out in fifth generation in the principal
line and was returned to the descendants of- Sir William, who had,
on the Baronage being conferred on him, taken the name of De
Home, pronounced Hume, as now, by reason of his having married
Ada his cousin and heir in the right of her father to the Estates of
Dunbar which were again united.

In addition to the Armorial of the earls of Dunbar, Sir Wil-
liam, second Baron of Hume, carved on his Escutcheon the design
of a white lion rampant on a green field with a red field quartered.

Sir William now received from his Grandfather's estate, some
say from him in person, the estates of Greenlaw, which were con-
ferred by him and his mother, Ada, on the monastery of Coldstream
and which are still in existence as such. Ada also made certain
grants to the monastery of Kelso, and confirmed the bequests made
by her son to the Coldstream Monastery. Sir William was hence-
forth styled Lord Hume.

Galfridus was the older of the two sons of Lord] William De
Hume. There is some doubt as to the existence of a second son, how-
ever the old Scottish records mention one Goeffrey or Godfrey De J
Hume who was a monk and a crusader, who is generally conceded
to have been the younger brother of Lord Galfridus De Hume, who
died in 1300 and was succeeded by his son Sir Roger De Hume,
fourth Lord of Hume, who died in 1331, and was succeeded by the
noted "Willie of the white doublet" as the English called Sir John
De Hume, a famous border chieftain, who made many a successful
foray across the English border, fighting with the troops of Edward,
and often in the same ranks as the invincible Bruce.

Perhaps the most picturesque character in these early annals
is that of the sixth Lord of Hume, Sir Thomas, son of "Willie of
the white doublet." He married Nicholas Pepdie, and with her
obtained the lands of Douglass and the baronage by that name, and
was henceforth known as Baron of Hume and Douglass, ancestor
of the house of Wedderburn, from whom the American Humes are.;
descended, and ancestor of the earls of Marchmont.






THE HUMES OF SAXON BRITAIN. 11

There were three sons, as follows: Sir Alexander, who carried
m the male line, which became extinct with him. Second, Sir
David Hume of Wedderburn, and third, Sir Patrick of Rathbun;
ilso two daughters.

Hitherto this family had acknowledged the ancient Earls of
jVlarch as its feudal head, but as George, Karl of March, had for-
saken his country and joined the English, this warlike clan aban-
loned his standard and rallied around the standard of the Douglass
Ls a royal clan, and thus began the friendship between these two
jnost powerful chieftains, which was to last 500 years, and was to
•onserve the interest of Scotland on a hundred bloody fields.

Sir Alexander Hume, of Hume and Douglass, fought at the
lead of his clan at Homildon, on the 15th of May, in the year
[402, against his former chieftain, but was captured and ransomed,
nd accompanied the Earl of Douglass to France and was killed at
lis side at the famous battle of Vernieul, in 1424. He had married
Lean, daughter of William Hay, of Lockhart, ancestress of the Mar-
Buis of Tweeddale, and by her had three sons, as follows: His heir,
Ivho bore his name and carried on the line; Thomas, ancestor of the
i'lumes of Ninewells, from whom the famous historian and philoso-
pher David Hume sprang, and George, progenitor of the House of
pott, from whom came Gov. Spottswood of Virginia Colony.

Sir Alexander, the heir, was a man of great power and influ-
•nce; he was appointed a conservator of the peace, and was sent as
Ine of the guarantees of the treaty with England; he is also the
'rst Hume to hold the office which was afterwards made hereditary
|f Warden of the Marches. He died in 1456. He had five sons,
pe eldest of whom also bore his name, as he had that of his father.
he was in 1459 one of the ambassadors extraordinary to treat with
[in gland.

I think the best account of the Hume family that I have found
i a multitude of books that bear in part or whole upon the subject,
; that of Dr. William Anderson, of Edinburgh, in the fourth and
kth volumes of his "Scottish Nation," a work that should be in the
.brary of every true Scot, be he in America or on his native
father.

I quote from that work as follows:

"On August 2d, 1465, Sir Alexander Hume was appointed by
le prior and chapter of Coldingham to the office of bailie of the
'. nds belonging to the convent, an office which had been held both






12 HISTORY OF THE HUME FAMILY.

by his uncle and his father, but which, in his case, was made hered-
itary. The same year he sat in the Estates among the barons. He
was created a lord of parliament by the title of Lord Hume, August
2d, 1473, and 1476 to 1485 he was employed in various negotiations
with the English. Using with stringent vigor his power as bailie
of Coldingham to make the property of the convent his own, when
James III., in 1484, obtained the Pope's consent to annex the reve-
nues of the priory to the chapel royal at Stirling, he resented this
attempt to wrest them from himself by joining, with all his strength,
the party of disaffected nobles who had conspired against him, and
took an active part in the rebellion that ended in the death of that
unfortunate monarch. Lord Hume died betwixt May 14th and
June 16th, 1491. He married first, Mariota, daughter and heiress
of Lansdale, of Lansdale in Berwickshire, and secondly, Margaret,
daughter of Alexander, master of Montgomery. By the former he
had, with a daughter, three sons, namely: Alexander, George, an-
cestor of the Humes of Ayton, and Patrick, ancestor of the Humes
of Fastcastle. By his second wife he had a son, Thomas Hume of
Lainshaw, Ayrshire. Alexander, the eldest son, predeceased his-i
father, before 1468, leaving two sons, namely, Alexander, second
Lord Hume, and John of Whiterigs and Ersiltain, ancestor of the]
present earl and of the Humes of Bassenden, and a daughter, Eliz-
abeth.

"Alexander, second Lord Hume, is frequently mentioned in the
public records after his grandfather was created Lord Hume, under
the designation of Alexander Hume of that ilk. In May, 1488, he
was one of the ambassadors sent to England by the disaffected no-
bles, immediately after the assassination of James III. In the
following month he got the office of Steward of Dunbar, and ob-
tained a joint share of the administration of the Lothians and Ber-
wickshire, during the minority of James IV. He was sworn a privy]
councillor and constituted great chamberlain of Scotland for life
October 7th, 1488. He was served heir to his grandfather in 14921
He had been appointed warden of the east marches for seven years
August 25th, 1489, and at the same time he was nominated captain
of the castle of Stirling and governor of the young King. He had
committed to him the tuition of the young king's brother, John,
earl of Mar, January 10th, 1490. On the 12th of the same month
he had a charter of the office of the bailiary of Ettrick forest, and
on April 28th, 1491, he was appointed by the Estates to collect the



THE HUMES OF SAXON BRITAIN. 13

dng's rents and dues within the earldom of March and barony of



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