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1871 a volume of selections from Shakespeare, while some verses and other
booklets by her were printed by her brother in his hand-press at the Thwaite
and privately circulated.

1 Tongues in Trees and Sermons in Stones, by the Rev. W. Tuckwell, ch. viii.
(which contains a pretty account, and a view, of the Garden).

2 See, for instance, the description of water in flood (Vol. XXXVII. p. 157),
the account of a "lost church in the Campagna" (p. 104); and, in a lighter
vein, the notes of a luncheon with Cardinal Manning (pp. 323-4).

3 After her death there still remained " Cousin Mary " Beever, who died in
January 1908 also a much-loved friend. Another member of the circle, much
respected at Coniston, was Miss Harriette Rigbye, of the Thwaite Cottage.

4 See the facsimile in Vol. XXXVII.

5 The caution is suggested to me by some of the reviewers of Hortus Inclusus
who fell foul of Ruskin, on the score of a remark in a letter to Miss Beever, for
" drawing an indictment against a whole people '' because they could see no more
than eleven eyes in a peacock's tail. The remark occurs in Vol. XXXVII. p. 97.
The Pompeian fresco may rightly have been taken as an incidental piece of
evidence ; but was it expected of him to formulate in a note to his friend every
count in an indictment of the materialism of later Rome ?


biographers," says Huskin himself, "to confuse epistolary talk with vital
fact." 1 It is also sometimes the habit of critics to confuse epistolary
compliment or condemnation with deliberate judgment. Raskin's letters
require to be read with some sense of humour and knowledge of his
books. The letters have, however, been edited as sparingly as possible
in the way of omission. Here and there a passage is left out, as too
personal and private for publication at all, as unsuitable to publica-
tion now, or as referring to details of no interest. But such omissions
are not very numerous. The object of the editors, here as throughout
their task, has been to present Raskin's Life, Works, and character
fully and faithfully.

With regard to the text of the letters in these two volumes, some
details may be added. In the case of a large proportion of the
letters, the originals have been placed in the hands of the editors,
and every care has been taken to make the text correct. The letters
to Mr. Norton, however, they have not seen ; the transcription or
printing of them in the American edition is not always accurate ; the
text has been as carefully corrected as was possible without reference
to the originals. Mr. Faunthorpe has made a revision of his collec-
tion of letters ; and most of the originals of the letters in Hortus
Inclusus were kindly communicated by their owner, Mr. Fleming, and
an examination of them has enabled many corrections to be made.
Full particulars on all such points will be found in the Bibliographi-
cal Appendix (Vol. XXXVII.). The letters to M. Chesneau, Mr.
F. S. Ellis, Dr. Furnivall, Mr. Malleson, and Mr. Ward, and to other
various correspondents, have been reprinted from Mr. T. J. Wise's
" Ashley Library " ; the editors have not seen the originals.

The illustrations in the present volume consist, firstly, of portraits
of lluskin. The frontispiece is from a photograph taken, in about
the year 1856, by a pupil at the Working Men's College. Ruskin
gave the photograph to Mr. Allen, who printed it in 1900 in a little
volume of selections (Thoughts from Huskin).

The three Plates in the Introduction are portraits of Ruskin by
three of his artist-friends Millais (Plate A), George Richmond (Plate B),
Rossetti (Plate C).

For the portrait by Millais, made in 1853, the editors are indebted

1 See Prcetrrita, Vol. XXXV. p. 124. " One of his household sometimes got
postcards written in Runes, and seeing the mystic inscriptions, he wanted to
know why. ' So that people may not read it,' was the answer. ' What's tho use
of that ? ' replied Kuskin. ' Isn't language given you to conceal your thoughts '? ' "
(W. G. Collingwood, Raskin Relics, p. 147).


to Miss Trevelyan, its owner. The drawing by Richmond is in the
National Portrait Gallery, and that by Rossetti in the Oxford Univer-
sity Galleries. On Plate XV 7 III. a photograph of William Bell Scott,
Rossetti, and Ruskin is reproduced, to which Ruskin refers in one of
the letters (p. 454).

The next group of illustrations consists of drawings by Ruskin, of
various dates. Of these drawings, that shown on Plate I. is at Brant-
wood (pen, 9 X 6$), and that on Plate II. in Mrs. Cunliffe's collection
(pen, 13f X 9f ). These two are early drawings, of the year 1835.

To Ruskin's continental journey in 184)0-1841 belong the next two
drawings. The "Naples" (Plate III.), in pencil and tint on buff paper
(13 X 18), is at Brantwood ; the " Verona " (Plate IV.), in pencil and
tint (18J x 13), is in the possession of Mr. H. P. Mackrell.

The " View from Vogogna " (Plate V.), referred to in a letter of
1845 (p. 53), is a water-colour (4^x64-); ^ was gi yen by Lady Simon
to Mr. Herbert Severn.

The " Antelao from Venice " (Plate VI.) is reproduced from Mr.
Josiah Gilbert's book on Cadore.

The Plate of " Pines at Sestri " (VII.) was etched by Ruskin himself.

The drawing of the "Towers of Thun" (Plate VIII.) is reproduced
from the water-colour (9$xll$) in Mr. Ralph Brocklebank's collection.

The two drawings of "Fribourg" (Plate IX.) are in the Fitz-
william Museum, Cambridge. They are in water-colour (4x6 and

The drawing of "Susa" (Plate XI.) in pen and wash (5x7)
is another of those given by Lady Simon to Mr. Herbert Severn.
The drawing of Bonneville (Plate XIII.) is reproduced from Ruskin's
Studies in Both Arts.

Plates XIV. and XV. are etchings by Mr. George Allen, executed
for Ruskin in illustration of " Turnerian Topography " ; the former
being from a drawing by Turner, the latter from one by Ruskin of
the same scene. The studies are referred to in one of the letters
(p. 281).

Ruskin's drawing "Near Bellinzona" (Plate XVI.), water-colour on
buff paper (9x6i), is in Mr. M. H. Spielmann's collection; that of
" Rocks and Trees, near Chamouni " (Plate XVII. ), referred to in the
letters (p. 294), was given by Ruskin to Mr. Norton. The Swiss
"Baden 11 (Plate XIX.), water-colour (19* x 14$), is in the collection
of the Rev. W. J. Brocklebank.

A further group of illustrations is of special interest. " The Holy
Grail" (Plate X.) is a drawing by Miss Siddal, hitherto unpublished,


which Ruskiu possessed ; as the letters show, he greatly admired her
talent. The photogravure from Rossetti's " Beatrice at a Wedding
Feast" (Plate XII.) is introduced to illustrate a passage in the letters,
as fully explained in its place (p. 235 w.). Lastly, the volume includes
two hitherto unpublished etchings by George Cruikshank, illustrating
Browning's "Pied Piper" and a story in Grimm, respectively. Ruskin
commissioned the etchings, in order to assist the artist in his old age.
The plates disappeared from Ruskin's house, and many years after-
wards were discovered in a pawnbroker's shop by Mr. Spielmann,
who gave them to their rightful owner.

The facsimiles are (1) of a letter to Mr. Norton (p. 251), showing
one of the sketches with which Ruskin so often embellished his letters ;
(2) of pages from a note-book of Turner's, of which Ruskin sent copies
to Mr. Norton (see p. 277 n.) ; and (3) of a letter to Thomas Carlyle.
now in the collection at the " Carlyle House." l

E. T. C.

The editors hare to thank H.R.H. the Duchess of Albany for having
graciously permitted the whole of Ruskin's letters to Prince
I^eopold to be placed at their disposal by the late Sir R. H.
Collins, who also foncarded to them all Rwkins letters to himself.
To a very large number of contributors similar thanks are due.
To name all these individually would be largely to repeat the
names which are given in the " Contents " to each of these two
volumes. Special mention may, however, be made of Rear-
Admiral Sir William Acland, the Misses Brown, of Mr. Robert
W. Browning, Dr. Alexander Carlyle, Mr. John Richmond, and
Sir George Trevelyan, who put the editors in possession of Rnsk'ui**
letters to Sir Henry Acland, the Rer. 11". /,. Brown, Mr. and
Mrs. Robert Browning, Mr. and Mrs. Carlyle, Mr. George
Richmond, and Lady Trevelyan, respectively.

1 The note at the top is in Carlyle's hand. The letter contains references
to his sister, to whom therefore Carlyle forwarded it : at first he meant to send
only the first two pages, but ultimately sent the -whole ("Thinking to send only
a half, I slit, but now relent ").



An asterisk denotes that letters to the same correspondent are also
contained in Vol. XXXVII.

*ACLAND, Dr. Henry, 19, 21, 39, 58,
114, 115, 147, 151, 204, 205, 237, 358,
431, 448, 468, 470, 474, 542, 592,

Acland, Mrs., 216

*Agnew, Miss Joan (Mrs. Arthur
Severn), 482, 502, 529, 536, 538,
547, 548, 549, 556, 560, 566, 570,
572, 581, 599

* Allen, George, 312, 377, 418, 462,

* Armstrong, Miss Lily, 510, 520, 568

* BENNETT, Dr. W. C., 144, 217, 352
Blackburn, Mrs. Hugh, 96, 109, 192
Brackenbury, Captain, 464

Bray shay, W. H., 498

* Brown, Dr. John, 60, 66, 85, 339,

349, 365, 392, 395, 403, 416, 417,

* Brown, Rawdon, 106, 148, 162, 407,

439, 480, 509
Brown, Rev. W. L., 27, 28, 33, 80, 83,

103, 152
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 191, 195,

215, 291, 347, 349, 363
Browning, Robert, 247, 252, 392, 481
Browning, Mr. and Mrs., 275, 279, 302,


* Burue-Jones, Edward, 467, 504

* Burne-Jones, Mrs., 373, 471
Burue-Jones, Mr. and Mrs., 393, 409,

438, 475

xxxvi. c

* CARLYLE, Thomas, 183, 382, 472, 481,

515, 517, 518, 524, 526, 565, 589
Carlyle, Mrs., 328, 394, 400
Carlyle, Mr. and Mrs., 304, 391, 400,


Chambers, Dr., 297
*Chesneau, Ernest, 523 (2), 557
Clayton, Rev. E., 30
Cole, Sir Henry, 105, 159
Correspondent, A, 223
Correspondent, Another, 257
Correspondent, Another, 463

* Cowper-Temple, Mrs., 462, 464
Cowper-Temple, Rt. Hon. W., 589

DALE, Rev. Canon T., 94

* Dallas, E. S., 315, 317, 335, 466, 476
Davies, Mrs. Kevill. See Armstrong,

Miss Lily
Dickinson, Lowes, 177

EDWARDS, W., 323

FRANCE, Miss, 330

*Froude, J. A., 465

*Furnivall, Dr. F. J., 109, 143, 146,
158, 163, 165, 169, 178, 181, 182, 183,
211, 218, 219, 274, 425, 454, 473

GASKELL, Mrs., 479

HALLE, Sir Charles, 476

* Harrison, Frederic, 551, 594



* Harrison, W. H., 18, 24, 73, 77, 145,

475, 483, 547

Heaton, Miss Ellen, 229, 324, 406, 456,

* Hewitt, Mrs., 290, 312, 424
Milliard, Miss Constance, 565

* Howell, C. A., 502 (2), 503 (2), 503 n.,

504, 505, 506, 510, 511, 512, 514 (2),
515 (2), 516 (2), 519 (2)
Hunt, Miss, 466

INOELOW, Miss, 529 (2), 575
Ireland, Messrs., 377 n.
Ironside, Miss Adelaide, 484, 485 (2) }
486 (4), 487 (2), 488

LA TorcHK, Miss Rose, 368

*Laing, J. J., 145, 150, 171, 173,

179, 180, 186, 212, 265, 278, 294,


*Le Keux, J. H., 274, 336, 345
*Leighton, Frederic, 334, 445, 446, 447
Loudon, J. C., 15
Lowell, James Russell, 326

MACKAY, Mr., 483

Maskelyne, Prof. H. Story, 429

Maxwell, Lady Matilda, 159

Miller, Mrs. Hugh, 258

Mitford, Mary Russell, 71, 85, 89, 164,

Monro, Mrs., 3

NAESMYTH, Sir John Murray, 260, 361,


Naesmyth, Lady, 378, 397, 412, 450
Newton, C. T., 113, 160, 254

* Norton, Charles Eliot, 222, 241, 246

(2), 250, 260, 267, 269, 270, 277, 293,
294, 296, 310, 312, 329, 334, 338, 346,
355, 366, 379, 402, 404, 406, 422, 426,
432, 436, 449, 456, 474, 495, 496,
497, 500 (2), 501, 503, 511, 521, 522,
525, 533, 545, 552 (2), 553, 553 n.,
5.55 (2), 555 n., 556, 557, 562, 563,
564 (2), 565, 568, 569, 570, 571, 573,
576, 578, 580, 582 (2), 585, 586, 588,
590, 591, 596, 507
Norton, Mrs. C. E., 558 (2), 559 ; 560

OWEN, Sir Richard, 362

PALGRAVE, Francis Turner, 193, 332, 406
*Patmore, Coventry, 112, 113, 142, 147,

180, 182, 224, 304, 305, 344, 478,

Patmore, Mrs. M. C., 546

* RICHMOND, George, 31, 32, 33 n., 38,
46, 60, 62, 73, 88, 94, 100, 142, 181,
309, 449, 473, 479, 484, 561, 562, 595

Richmond, Miss Julia, 333, 467

Roberts, Miss R. S., 599

Robertson, Colonel, 353

Rogers, Samuel, 37, 40, 84, 111

*Rossetti, D. G., 166, 167, 177, 189, 190,
198 (2), 200, 201, 202, 208, 209 (2),
213, 220, 221, 224, 225 (2), 226,
227 (2), 228, 229, 230, 232, 234 (2),
235 (2), 236 (2), 237, 241, 243, 249,
256, 262, 272 (2), 273, 301, 302, 341
(2), 342, 354, 362, 377, 411, 488, 489,
490, 491, 492 (2)

*Rossetti, W. M., 188, 266, 273, 449,

Ruskin, J. J., 1, 3, 4, 6, 9, 11, 14, 15 (2),
36, 41, 43, 45, 48, 52, 53, 55, 70, 75,
90, 92, 102, 117, 118, 119, 121, 122,
125, 126, 129, 130, 133, 134, 136,
137, 139, 140, 141, 280, 283, 284,
287, 288, 290, 359, 373, 375, 382,
384, 385, 386, 387, 396, 397, 399,
401, 408, 410, 415, 418, 419, 420,
428, 430, 431, 434, 435, 440, 441,
442, 444, 445, 451, 452, 453, 454,
458, 459, 460

i * Ruskin, Mrs. J. J., 54, 506, 507, 50 i,
527, 530, 531, 532 (2), 537, 541, 549,
550 (2), 554, 560, 573, 574

SCOTT, John, 274
i Severn, Joseph, 08, 353
| Shields, F. J., 372, 376, 482
1 Siddal, Mis.s E. E. (Mrs. 1). G. Rossetti),
202, 203, 207 (2), 208, 231

* Simon, Sir John, 286

* Simon, Uily, 256, 263, 270, 305, 300,

307, 314, 333, 389, 455, 513, 567, 600
Simpson, Miss Violet, 496


* Smith, George, 66
Spurgeon, Rev. C. H., 425

Stillman, W. J., 123, 194, 210, 213, 222
Stowe, Mrs. Beeclier, 321, 337

* Strong, Miss E. F. (Lady Dilke), 332

TAILING, R., 498
Tennyson, Alfred, 230, 264, 320
Thackeray, W. M., 351
Trevelyan, Paulina, Lady, 174, 243, 344,
413/421, 478

*WARJ>, William, 184, 185, 233 (2),
240, 256, 276, 281, 282, 285, 287,
343, 351, 355, 534, 535, 541, 542,

*Waterford, Louisa, Lady, 325

Watts, G. F., Ill, 111 n., 112

Wedderburn, Miss J. See Blackburn,
Mrs. Hugh

Wilkins, Mr., 264

* Williams, W. S., 463, 497, 499, 544

Woods, Miss, 326




(Except where otherwise stated, the letters are here printed
for the first time)

EARLY LETTERS, 1827-1843

[Raskin's first letter (to his father), 1823, is printed in Vol. I. p. xxvi. n. ;
another early letter (December 31, 1828) is given in facsimile at Vol. II. p. 264.
For the story of these early years, see Vol. I. pp. xxiii.-xxxiii., and Preeterita,
Vol. XXXV. pp. 13-187. The early drawings here introduced (Plates I. and II.
pp. 2, 4) belong to his foreign tour of 1835.J

To his FATHER 1 Mu]J} 1827<

MY DEAR PAPA, I have missed you very much especially on Sunday
for though I do miss you on the evenings yet I miss you more on
sunday mamma is always thinking of you for when she fills miss
deprey's cup she only puts in the milk and sugar and leaves the rest
to miss depreey. 2 I have changed very much in my lessons for while
mary 3 was with me I said them very ill every day but now I almost
say them very well every day. we are perhaps going to make a balloon
to-day perhaps not for a good while, just as I was thinking what to
say to you, I turned by chance to your picture, and it came into my

1 [The MS. of this letter (written at the age of eight) and the subjoined verses
(the letter written in pencil, the verses printed neatly in ink) were sent by Ruskin
to Professor Norton in a letter of February 1869 (see below, p. 562). They were
printed with that letter in the Atlantic Monthly, August 1904, vol. 94, p. 164, and
in Letters of John Ruslcin to Charles Eliot Norton, Boston and New York, 1904
(hereafter referred to as Norton), vol. i. pp. 196-199.]

2 [Perhaps a member of the family referred to in Prceterita, ii. 197 (Vol.
XXXV. p. 427).]

8 [His cousin, Mary Richardson, who afterwards (1829) came to live with the
Ruskins : see Prceterita, i. 78 (Vol. XXXV. p. 71).]



mind now what can I say to give pleasure to that papa, the weather
is at present very beautiful, though cold. I have nothing more to say
to you dear papa. Your affectionate son, JOHN RUSKIX.

Mamma says that I may tell you I have been a very good boy
while you have been away.


That rock with waving willows on its side

That hill with beauteous forests on its top

That stream that with its rippling waves doth glide

And oh what beauties has that mountain got

That rock stands high against the sky

Those trees stand firm upon the rock

and seem as if they all did lock

Into each other ; bill they stand

Towering above the whitened land. 1


What beauties spring thou hast the waving lilac

and the stiff tall peach with roselike flowers

with yellow chorchorus and with nectarine blossom

some with grace wave and some though tall are stiff

waving is lilac so is yellow chorchorus

waving is cherry blossom though not so graceful

as the spiry lilac and the hyacinth

stiff is the pear and nectarine with the peach

and apricot all these are stiff but in return

their flowers are beautiful, so are birds and beasts

as well as flowers some are wild and cruel

such are the tiger, panther, lynx and ounce

so also in return these animals

are pretty in the other sort

some dogs are ugly but conceal within

some good intentions good ideas good thoughts.

but spring, there is one tree that thou bring'st forth

that is more beautiful than all the others

this is the apple blossom o how sweet

is that fine tree and so I end.

1 [These lines come from a MS. hook (of 18^7-1 Bt) called "Poetry Discriptive " ;
Ruskin refers to them, and explains the epithet "whitened" as "a very artistical
observation for a child," in a letter to his parents of October 23, 1853, printed in
Vol. XII. pp. xxi.-xxii.]

A Street in St. Gallen

183 5.


To Mrs. MoNRo 1 1829

Well, papa, seeing how fond I was of the doctor, 2 and knowing him
to be an excellent Latin scholar, got him for me as a tutor, and every
lesson I gat I like him better and better, for he makes me laugh
"almost, if not quite" to use one of his own expressions the whole
time. He is so funny, comparing Neptune's lifting up the wrecked
ships of JEneas with his trident to my lifting up a potato with a
fork, or taking a piece of bread out of a bowl of milk with a spoon !
And as he is always saying [things] of that kind, or relating some
droll anecdote, or explaining the part of Virgil (the book which I am
in) very nicely, I am always delighted when Mondays, Wednesdays,
and Fridays are come.


Monday, February 28, 1831.

MY DEAR PAPA, You cannot imagine how delighted I was to
receive your letter. I say you cannot imagine and neither can you.
You get letters, letters, letters the whole year round. I get only one
or two every year. Oh, it is a delightful sensation the cracking the
seal, peeping in before you can get it open to see whether it is a long
one, your very soul up at your eyes wondering what it's all about and
whether it's very funny, very comical, adventurical, steam-boatical, in-
terestical, and all other icals. And then how provoking when you
come to the end. How one hates the direction for taking up such a
quantity of room, as if it thought itself of such mighty consequence as
to turn out all the thoughts which might have blackly rested on the
snowy couch of paper. Oh, one could kick it down stairs. . . . Mamma
and I have begun our Hebrew and are making some progress in the
characters. I was surprised to find that for the short and long sounds
of the same vowel, as of a in " water " and " rat,"" the Hebrews have
two different characters, thus saving us all trouble about Prosody, which
is a good thing out of the way, I'm sure, by the intricate rules of the
Latin Prosody. I am getting some more Greek Chapters ready for our
Sundays as fast as I can at an hour a day. Composing gets on too
amazingly fast at the same rate with which it was proceeding when I
wrote you last. Dash is quite well but as cunning as a fox. ... A

1 [From W. G. Collingwood's Life and Work of John Ruskin, 1900, pp. 28-29.
For Mrs. Monro, see Preeterita, i. 115 (Vol. XXXV. p. 101).]

2 [Dr. Andrews: see Praterita, i. 81 (Vol. XXXV. p. 74).]


great part of the forenoon is taken up with my lessons, then mamma
is reading Sturm, Newton's letters, and Rollin ; l that fills up another
great division of the day ; then if it's at all fine I have a trot down
to the jxjst office (if it's post office day, that is), and if not I always
have a gallop somewhere, very often as much for Dash's benefit as my
own, and the remainder of the day is taken up with Iteriad. Then
again on Saturday nights William is so kind as to give me a game of
chess, 2 of which I grow fonder and fonder notwithstanding the regular
defeats, but the games are certainly growing longer. ... I venture
humbly to insinuate the hope that past favours will be repeated by
another letter. And now, papa, I think nothing remains but to tell
you that I am your obedient, humble, and more than affectionate son,



Tuetday, 15 Janry., 1833.

MY DEAR PAPA, I would write a short, pithy, laconic, sensible, con-
centrated, and serious letter, if I could, for I have scarcely time to
write a long one. Observe I only say to write, for as to the com-
position 'tis nothing, positively nothing. I roll on like a ball, with
this exception, that contrary to the usual laws of motion I have no
friction to contend with in my mind, and of course have some difficulty
in stopping myself when there is nothing else to stop me. Mary
declined writing to you for a reason which gave me peculiar and par-
ticular offence, namely, that I wrote nonsense enough, and she had
nothing else to offer, as if my discreet communications merited the
cognomen of nonsense. However, I did not quarrel Avith her, as she
surrendered her half sheet to me, which space I was very glad to fill
up with my nonsense, as this additional space gave me much greater
freedom and play of cogitation, as I had not then to compress my
ideas, like the steam of a high-pressure engine, but was enabled to
allow them to flow forth in all their native beauty and elegance, without
cramping by compressing, or confusing by curtailing. I like elbow
room in everything. In a letter it is essential, and in a stage coach
I should opine that before these sheets can have reached you, you will

1 [Reflection* on the IVorks of God and hi* Proridence, throughout all Nature, for
every Ihitj in the Year. Translated first from fhc fJt-rnian of Christoph Christ inn
Sfiirm into French, and now from the French into English !/ a Lady (Edinburgh,
1788, and numerous later editions). "Newton's letters" may be those either of
Sir Isaac Newton or of .John Newton, the divine ; probably the latter, see Vol. VII.
p. 1">!) >i. Charles Kollin's Ancient Iliston/ (French, 1730-1738) had been translated
into Knglish (1738-1740).]

1 [His cou>in, William Richardson: "the best chess-plaver I have ever known"
(Vol. XXXV. p. 412).]


The Tombs of the Scaligers at Verona


have found the want of it, as Dogberry says, " very tolerable and not
to be endured." 1 In time I know the trouble occasioned by the want
of it. If the maxim which mamma is always inculcating upon me, that
nothing is done well in a hurry, is without exceptions, this letter is
fated, for I seldom have been more pressed. Yet letters never thrive
on mature consideration. The same impulse continues, or ought to
continue, from the " My dear " at the top to the " Your affectionate "
at the bottom. The momentum once given and the impetus obtained,
the word is forward, and it is enough to guide without restraining the
Pegasus of thought. I can sympathise with you on your present situa-
tion, as mine is similar in a great degree. You see you are bogged
amongst the marshes (horrid things those bogs in this season, horrid,
sir, horrid). And I am sadly bogged in my algebra. I can't get over
division; it appears to me very long division. It is positively not to
be understood, and I don't like to be made a fixture of, not by no
means, and I have come to a very unhandsome fix. Mr. Rowbotham
will pronounce my head to be understanding, and I pronounce his
lessons to be + difficulty, and yet with all my algebra this minus and
plus will not add and make nothing. If they would I should be on
my four wheels again progressing onward to fractions, which look as if
they would, as the Doctor says, crack anybody's skull and reduce it to

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