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at present of yours, as little as I can. For you there is all proba-
bility of recovery : of him I am hopeless. Ever affectionately yours,



DEN.MAUK HILL, 15th August, 1865.

MY DEAR NORTON, I have just received your book on the portraits,
which is very right and satisfactory, and pleasant to have done. 2 There
won't be many old walls left, frescoed or whitewashed either, in
Florence now. I should have liked to have seen it once again, before
they build iron bridges over Arno, but it is no matter.

Now you've done fighting. I can talk to you a little again, but I've
nothing to say. I keep the house pretty fairly in order, and keep my
garden weeded, and the gardeners never disturb the birds ; but the cats
eat them. I am taking up mineralogy again as a pacific and un-
exciting study ; only I can't do the confounded mathematics of their
new books. I am at work on some botany of weeds, too, and such
like, and am better, on the whole, than I was two years ago. My
mother is pretty well, too ; sometimes I get her out to take a drive,
and she enjoys it, but always has to be teased into going. Carlyle
has got through the first calamity of rest, after Frederick, among his
Scotch hills, and I hope will give us something worthier of him before
he dies. Rossetti and the rest I never see now. They go their way
and I mine ; so you see I've no news, but I'm always affectionately
yours, J. RUSKIX.

Church's Cotopaxi is an interesting picture. He can draw clouds
as few men can, though he does not know yet what painting means,
and I suppose never will, but he lias a great gift of his own. 3 . . .

1 [Atlantic Monthly, July 1904, vol. 94, p. 17 ; the postscript was omitted. Xo. .39
in Norton; vol. i. pp. 149-151. Part of the letter ("Now you've done . . . two
years ago") had previously been printed by Professor Norton in his Introduction
(p. xi.) to the American "Brantwood" edition of Ethics of the Dust, 1891.]

2 [" The Original Portrait* of Dante, a privately printed volume on occasion of
the celebration in Florence of the sixth centenary of Dante's birth." C. E. N.]

3 [For another reference to this painter^ see Vol. XXII. p. 15.]



DENMARK HII.L, 30/A August, 1865.

MY DEAR VIOLET, I did not answer your kind little note because
I was much embarrassed by it. When you told me you went to
church every day, I knew at once that the entire spirit of my pre-
sent teaching would be contrary to your father's wishes that I should
be continually telling you things were trivial or unnecessary, or were
wrong, which you had been trained to look upon with reverence. I
did not like, on the other hand, to say I would give you no help, and
therefore, thinking about you not a little, left your letter unanswered.
But the plain truth is the only right thing for me to say to you my
opinions are entirely adverse to our present English Church system
and whatever I told you to read would be leading you out of that
direction ; it would be entirely wrong in me to do this, and so I can
only thank you for your affectionate trust, and assure you of my hearty
good wishes for you in all things.

Show your father this letter (it is, on the whole, well for daughters
to show their fathers all letters).

If you ever get into any trouble of thought, and want out-of-the-
way help, I may be able to give it you ; but in your present modes
of thought and system of life, I could only do you harm. Ever affec-
tionately yours, J. RUSKIN.


DKNMARK HILL, 11/A September, 1805.

MY DEAR NORTON, ... I shoultl have written to you some news
of myself, though the war has put a gulph between all Americans and
me in that I do not care to hear what they think, or tell them what
I think, on any matter; and Lowell's work and Longfellow's is all now
quite useless to me. Hut I shall send yon an edition of my last
lectures, however, with a new bit of preface in it, and anything else I
may get done in the course of the winter, and I am always glad to
hear of yon. I am somewhat better in health, and busy in several
quiet ways, of which, if anything prosper in them, you will hear in
their issue, and nobody need hear until then. Ever affectionately
yours, J. RUSKIX.

1 [Mrs. Marsdeu ; the "Violet" of Ethics of the J>ust: see Vol. XVIII.
pp. Ixxii.-lxxiii.]

* [.\t/fi>iti<- .Monthly, July 1904, vol. !4, p. 1". No. 40 in X<>rt<i : vol. i.
pp. l.-)l-1.-iL'.]



DENMARK HILL, 10 October, 1865.

MY DEAR NORTON, ... I am quiet, and likely to be so for many a
day at D. Hill, amusing myself as I may ; it is a grand thing, and makes
up for much, to be within reach of the B. Museum. I am cutting down
a bush here and a tree (or what we call one in England) there, and
making little fishponds and gutters and such like, and planting peach
trees, for the blossom, and wildflowers, and anything that is bright and
simple. And I am working at mythology and geology, and conchology,
and chemistry, and what else there is of the infinite and hopeless un-
known to be stumbled among pleasantly; and I hope to get various
little bits of work printed this Xmas, and to send you them. I will
think over that plan of cheap edition, but I always hitherto have hated
my own books ten years after I wrote them. I sat to Rossetti several
times, and he made the horriblest face I ever saw of a human being. 2
I will never let him touch it more. I have written to-day to Edward
Jones, to ask if he'll do one for me and one for you. He can. And
this is all I can say to-day, and if I put off, there's no knowing when
I might write at all. So with affectionate regards to your mother and
sisters, ever your affectionate J. RUSKIN.


DENMARK HILL, November 6th, 1865.

DEAR MR. WILLIAMS, Nothing can possibly be nicer than this
page, print, and way of doing the thing, and I am perfectly well
pleased with the offer. But you had, perhaps, better wait till you see
more of the book 4 before we consider anything concluded. I will
say, however, at once, tinted paper please, for I think I shall quite
save you five pounds of estimate by the fewness of the corrections I
shall make in this book, compared to my usual way of managing. I
send two more chapters, so that I think if the printers like to set it
in hand, I can now keep them going. Please send word that they
note the remark on the cover of the second Lecture.

I have not the least idea what it was I said to hurt Mr. King. 5

1 [No. 41 in Norton; vol. i. pp. 152-153. A portion of this letter ("I am working
. . . Xmas") had previously been printed by Professor Norton in his Introduction
(pp. xi.-xii.) to the American "Brantwood" edition of Ethics of the Dust, 1891.]

2 [See above, pp. 311, 329, 335, 405 ; and for the proposed portrait by Burne-
Jones, below, p. 504 .]

3 [No. 31 in Art and Literature, pp. 80, 81.]

4 [The Ethics of the Dust, published in December 1865, although the title-page
is dated 1866.]

5 [Henry Samuel King, partner of George Smith in the firm of Smith, Elder & Co.]
xxxvi. 2 i


I never intend to hurt anybody and my friends ought to know that
by this time, I fancy. I hope you continue better. Always affection-
ately yours, J. JlusKiN.


DENMARK HIM*, IBM November, 1865.

MY DEAR SIR, I must say, in answer to your interesting letter,
simply what I think I have not time to give you my reasons. To
attempt to become a painter with no competency of support is always
rash, and though you may succeed, you always lose much more time
and ground in painting and trying to paint what the public will buy
than you will if you do what I should advise you. Throw your energy
full into your father's business, as he wishes you, at present: show
him what you can do in that, and take the conceit out of the busi-
ness people about you. Meantime, never read (in your hours of rest)
frivolous books; never go shooting. Quietly, and without talking about
it, educate and discipline yourself, with a view to becoming a painter,
and save every farthing you can win, like a miser you can always
pass part of your mornings and evenings in learning the real skill of
draughtsmanship. There is no need to draw from nature you may
like it, but it is often wasted time when you don't know hoiv to draw.
Learn perspective, get steadiness of hand, and study light and shade on
models. By the time you are thirty you will have a competence, and a
draughtsman's hand. Then, IF you still are in the mind to be a painter,
go at it, live on your income, and do what you choose. You will give a
lesson so at once to merchants and painters. If you have resolution to
do this, there is the stuff' in you which will make a painter; but if you
have not the courage and self-denial capable of doing this, in all proba-
bility you would fail if you left your father's business now, and bitterly
regret it afterwards. Only mind, in the hours of business, that you do
that with your whole strength, and don't let the business men laugh at
you. Truly yours, J. RUSKIN.

To 11. TALLIN-OS []IJG5?]

It is quite one of the sorrowfullest things I see every day, that
incredulity of the poor that one can really wish to help them without

' [Of Wharfedale, Yorkshire. Kuskin in this letter seems to have assumed op-
position on the part of Mr. Hrayshay's rather, but this was not the case. On the
contrary, he acquiesced in his son's taking up art, in accordance with Kuskin's
subsequent advice. Mr. W. II. Hrayshav became a near friend of lluskin, whom
he visited at Brantwood in later years. The editors have to thank him (1SK)!)J
for permission to include this letter.]

! [From a Catalogue of Autograph Letters . . . an Sole b;/ Walter \'. Daniel,
53 Mortimer Street, London, July 1SM)4, No. 824. The extract is given from an


knowing them. But there is a reverse feeling, which is often very in-
convenient I help people a little, they get to know me, they are
full of gratitude and love, then they think because they love me I
must love them, that I could not be kind to them without loving
them, and then they come to me at all times with their distresses,
till I can't stand it any more so don't give my name to anybody ;
but when you see deserving cases, help them in a moderate and
necessary way, as you would if the money were your own, and I will
answer it.


DENMARK HILL, November, 1865.

DEAR MR. WILLIAMS, I don't know when I have been more dis-
appointed or (in a sort of way) provoked than by your quietly saying
" I hope " that volume will be out before Xmas. My notion of
business is to say either it can or can't and shall or shan't. And
certainly, having sent four sheets for press to-day, and being ready to
send the last sheet but one revised to-morrow, I don't see why it
should be a matter of " hope." I know that binding must take time ;
but I fancy all these things are matters of mere energy. I've seen
books advertised as " ready " a week or two after the occasion for
them. Meantime, what about the binding and price ? That's another
thing that much provokes me. I have no idea of "business" in which
my 8s. 6d. book is allowed to sell over counter in retail for 2s. lOd.
which is the sum my friend T. Richmond bought Sesame and Lilies
for the other day. I think it is very shameful. My father never saw
his wine sold so. He has seen his 60 butt sell for =70 but not
the other way. Well, I know it is for no want of good will on your
part, but I don't like it. Please, I want cards engraved for my cousin
Miss Agnew. Can you order them for me? Not showy just "Miss
JOANNA AGNEW." I don't know how young ladies' cards are done
nowadays ; but I like some quaint letter better than mere writing if
it is allowable.

I hope you continue better. Ever truly yours, J. RUSKIN.

" Unpublished Correspondence consisting of 51 Autograph Letters, covering about
84 pages, addressed to Mr. R. Tailing, of Lostwithiel, Cornwall, between the years
1865 and 1873." For Mr. Tailing, from whom Ruskin purchased many minerals,,
see Vol. XXVI. pp. 449, 450, 451.]

1 [No. 33 in Art and Literature, pp. 83-85. A portion of the letter was reprinted
in the Literary Notes of the Westminster Gazette, May 6, 1907- The " volume " is
The Ethics of the Dust, issued in December 1865.]



[The first months of this year, during which The Crown of Wild Olive was
heing prepared for publication, were spent at Denmark Hill, lluskin then went
abroad, with Sir Walter and Lady Trevelyan, Miss Constance Milliard, and Miss
Agnew. Several letters to his mother, written from Switzerland, are printed in
Vol. XVIII. pp. xxxvii.-xliv. During his absence his private secretary, C. A. Howell,
was in charge of his affairs : ibid., pp. xlviii.-xlix. He returned home in July,
and during the autumn was much occupied with Carlyle in the business of the
Governor Eyre Defence Committee: ibid., pp. xlvi.]


DKN.MAHK HILL, 10th January, 1BGO.

MY DEAR NORTON, I wrote you a letter of thanks for your book
on Dante, some months ago.- I fear you have not received it and
you must think me worse than I am, but I'm bad enough. I never
shall be able to forgive any of you for the horror of this past war
not but that I know you'll all be the better of it. But I've never
cared to read a word of Lowell's or anybody on the other Atlantic's
side, since only I love you still, and wish you the best that may
be for this year. Not that anything that / wish ever happens, so it's
no use.

I send you my last book, 3 and with faithful regards to your mother
and sisters, am ever your affectionate J. RUSKIN.


DKX.MARK HILL, 11 January, I860.

DEAR NORTON, I got your letter yesterday evening, after posting
one to you by the 5 o'clock post. I can only answer quickly to-day
that I have written this morning to Edward Jones, begging him to
have me to sit instantly ; and that I hope you'll find something more
of me in the little book of new lectures I have sent you.

But how can you expect a man living alone, and with everything
gone cross to him, and not in any way having joy, even of the feeblest
sort, but at the best only relief from pain, and that only when he

1 [No. 42 in Norton; vol. i. pp. 15r>-154.j

- See above, p. 4!);").]

3 [The Ethics of the Dual.]

1 [No. 4:{ in Norton; vol. i. pp. 154-150. Part of the letter ("But how can

you expect ... is in him ") had previously been printed by Professor Norton in
his Introduction (p. xii.) to the American " Brantwood " edition of Ethics of the
Dutt, 1HU1.]


is at work, to show anything but a cramped shadow of the little
there is in him ? Turner is dead all his works are perishing, and
I can't see those that exist. Every thirteenth-century cathedral in
France, and every beautiful street in my favourite cities, has been
destroyed. Chamouni is destroyed Geneva Lucerne Zurich Schaff-
hausen Berne, might just as well have been swallowed up by earth-
quakes as be what they are now. There are no inns, no human beings
any more anywhere; nothing but endless galleries of rooms, and
Automata in millions. I can't travel. I have taken to stones and
plants. They do very well for comfort ; but dissecting a thistle or
a bit of chalk is pinched work for me, instead of copying Tintoret or
drawing Venice. I could get, and do get, some help out of Greek
myths but they are full of earth, and horror, in spite of their beauty.
Persephone is the sum of them, or worse than Persephone Comus.
Natural science ends in the definition which Owen gave me the other
day, of a man, or any other high vertebrate, " a clothed sum of
segments." And my dearest friends go rabid in America about blacks,
and poor white Italy and Greece are left in a worse Hell than any
volcano-mouth unhelped. And you expect me to write myself smooth
out, with no crumple. Ever your affectionate J. RUSKIN.


DENMARK HILL, 28 January, 1866.

DEAR NORTON, The ^50 have arrived safe. I don't tell Ned
Jones the enormity of the sum, for it would make him nervous, and
he would vow " he couldn't do anything worth the fifth of it and
if you expected fifty pounds' worth out of him, it was no use his
doing anything." So I go and sit, and he makes various sketches ;
some one is pretty sure to come out fairly, and I'll pick up two or
three besides and some bits of what he calls waste paper, of old designs
and so will make out our money's worth at last, I hope. All that
you say of expression is very nice and right. But it's a wide world,
and there's a great deal in it, and one's head is but a poor little room
to study in after all. One can't see far into anything. Ever affec-
tionately yours, J. RUSKIX.

Have you read Swinburne's Atalanta^ The grandest thing ever
yet done by a youth though he is a Demoniac youth. Whether
ever he will be clothed and in his right mind, heaven only knows.
His foam at the mouth is fine, meantime.

1 [No. 44 in Norton; vol. i. pp. 156-157.]

2 [Compare the Introduction ; above, p. xlix.]



DKNMABK HILL, Wednesday [22nd February, 1866].

MY DEAR HOWELL, I really was very sorry for you, because you
thought you had missed so much. I can't be sorry for you any other-
how. My dear boy, is life so jolly a thing that one should find
troubles in missing an hour's talk ? But it was provoking.

Here's something, please, I want done very much. Will you please
go to the Crystal Palace to-morrow or the day after, which is the
last day, but to-morrow better, and, if it is not sold, buy the lizard
canary (<!) No. 282, page 17 of the Catalogue, in any name you
like not mine, nor yours, and give the bird to anybody who you think
will take care of it, and I'll give you the price when I see you which
must be soon and I'm ever affectionately yours, J. RUSKIN.


24th February, 1866.

I am heartily obliged to you for managing this little business of
the bird so nicely, and for the promise that your cousin will take
care of it. If she gets fond of it, she need not fear my claiming it;
but I am glad it will be safe.

I am sorry to have to ask you again on Sunday, but if you could
come over at | past 4 to-morrow and tell me about Cruikshank, 3 etc.,
I should be very glad. Say nothing about the bird. Ever affectionately
yours, J. RUSKIN.


DENMARK HIM,. Just at the beginning of 4th March, 180(5,
clock having struck 12.

MY DEAREST JOANNA, You have been very kind and good during
all this past year, and have helped me, especially, in more ways than
I can well thank you for. If I knew what would make you happy,
or if my wishes could bring it you, I might wish you many things;
but my judgment is often false my wishes always vain. I will only
trust that your own amiable disposition, and the love you win from

1 [For some time Ruskin's secretary and factotum : see the Introduction, above,
p. li. This letter is reprinted from the Xew lleineu; March 1892, p. 275. The
latter portion was also printed in M. H. Spielmann's John Jtuskin, 1900, p. 49.]

" [A'e> Iteview, March 192, p. 27o.]

1 ["At this time George Cruikshank was in severe strait", and his friends, not
for the only time in his life, were bethinking themselves how they might aid
him. Ruskin was considering how he might gild his charity in a commission in-
volving the issue of a fairy-book for children with the great etcher's illustrations"
(A'ett 1 Jlevinw, p. 27o).]


all who know you, may continue to render life very bright to you :
and if in future years you are able to do as much for others as you
have done in this, you will feel yourself to have gained the years,
which selfish people round you will only complain that they have
lost, and you will be richer, with the best riches, for every hour that
passes over your head. Ever believe me, Joanna dear, your affec-
tionate Cousin, J. RUSKIN.


[March 8, 1866.]

MY DEAR HOWELL, Here are ^20 : please take the bird sovereign
out of it. (Does he sing at all ?) And don't let me keep anything of
your fifty unless you can spare it. Thanks for your note about the
boy, 2 and infinite thanks for kindest offer. But Fve no notion of doing
so much as this for him. All I want is a decent lodging he is now
a shopboy I only want a bit of a garret in a decent house, and
means of getting him into some school of art. I fancy Kensington
best and you should look after him morally and I aesthetically. Ever
yours affectionately, J. R.


DENMARK HILL [27th March, 1866].

MY DEAR HOWELL, Please tell me about your illness. I am anxious.
How curious all that is about the Grimm plates ! I wish you would ask
Cruikshank whether he thinks he could execute some designs from fairy
tales of my choosing, of the same size, about, as these vignettes, and
with a given thickness of etching line ; using no fine lines anywhere ?

Thanks about the boy, and please let me know the particulars
of the address. Ever affectionately yours, J. R.


DENMARK HILL, 27th March, 1866.

MY DEAR NORTOX, I have not yet answered your my birthday
letter, and here is another, kind as always.

1 [New Review, March 1892, p. 276. The greater part of the letter was also
printed in M. H. Spielmann's John Raskin, 1900, p. 49.]

2 [A few days before Ruskin had written : " Did Ned [Burne-Jones] speak to
you about an Irish boy whom 1 want to get boarded and lodged, and put to some
art schooling and I don't know how?" This scrap is printed in M. H. Spielmaun's
John Ruskin, 1900, p. 49.]

3 [New Review, March 1892, p. 276.1

4 [Atlantic Monthly, July 1904, vol. 94, p. 17. No. 45 in Norton; vol. i.
pp. 157-159.]


First, please be assured, as I think you must have been without
my telling you, that when I would not write to you during the
American war, it was not because I loved you less, but because I
could no otherwise than by silence express the intensity of my adverse
feeling to the things you were countenancing and causing; for of
course the good men in America were the real cause and strength of
the war. Now, it is past, I have put in my protest, and we are the same
full friends as always, except only that I can't read American sentiment
any more in its popular form and so can't sympathize with you in
all things as before. . . . Ever your affectionate J. RUSKIX.

The portrait has been a little checked, but is going on well. In
about three weeks I am going to try to get as far as Venice, for
change of thought. I want to see a Titian once more before I die,
and I'm not quite sure when that may not be (as if anybody was),
yet, on the whole, my health is better. I've some work in hand which
you will like, I think, also. Affectionate regards to your mother and

To EDWARD BUIINE- JONES l [April? 1866.]

Til come on Monday and then be steady, I hope, to every other
day Proserpine permitting. Did you see the gleam of sunshine yester-
day afternoon ? If you had only seen her in it, bareheaded, between
my laurels and my primrose bank !

To C. A. HowEi.i. 2

DENMARK HILL, 2nd April [1866].

MY DEAR. HOWELL, I have sent the Felise 3 to Moxon all right.
I don't want to lose an hour in availing myself of Mr. Cruikshank's
kindness, but I am puzzled, as I look at the fairy tales I have within
my reach, at their extreme badness; the thing I shall attempt will be
a small collection of the best and simplest I can find, retouched a
little, with Edward's help, and with as many vignettes as Mr. Cruik-
shank will do for me. One of the stories will certainly be the Pied
Piper of Hamelin but I believe in prose. I only can lay hand just

[From J/fwonY//.y of Edward Burne-Jones, vol. i. pp. 290-300. Hume-Jones
was at this time making drawings for Kuskin's portrait, " hut as these were not
preserved, I suppose," says Lady Burne-Jones, "they were unsatisfactory, and the
plan was never carried out." "Proserpine" is Miss Hose La Touche.]

2 \\ew Review, March 1892, pp. 276-277.]

3 [Possibly the MS. or a proof of the poem " Ke'lise/' included in Swinburne's
Poems and Ilitlluds (published by Moxon). "Kdward" is Hume-Jones.]


now on Browning's rhymed rendering of it, but that will do for the
subject. I want the piper taking the children to Koppelberg hill a

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