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John Thomas Scharf.

History of Baltimore city and county, from the earliest period to the present day: including biographical sketches of their representative men online

. (page 227 of 233)
Online LibraryJohn Thomas ScharfHistory of Baltimore city and county, from the earliest period to the present day: including biographical sketches of their representative men → online text (page 227 of 233)
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oc.■i.^i"lKllI^ fi. ,H !-■: I-1-H-. ];,, ,:, „^, p .^ II ,.,.;>. from 1808
to 1^1 l: I ' , 11 I: . .Matthew

Join,-. I. .., I-:. , I : l: ' .• i: !•, ■ i, :-l • lo 1802 ;

Rev. \\ ,lli,.iii >liiipli>, ,-. .111.^ (t..iii I- .7 1 . I- •■ -in, ,■ tlie death
of Mr. K«cb the retlu.s liaM- l...-en 3hv-sis Jolin>,,ii, Julius Da-
shiell, Hcnly Wroth, and Barrows.

The vestrymen and church wardens of old St.
John's parish from 1693 to 1797 have been as fol-
lows :

1693.— VcstrviiMii, Tlmnia* Stal.y, Muses Groom, Thomas Hodge,

Thonii.. I'l .1 11 l:i 111 I A ,.111,. I i.nronce Richardson.

1695.— V.-i I ~ 1 I't. Tlnmias Preston, Richard

AdiiMi. -1 , , - n - ,11, Abraham Taylor.

1730.- Vi -1, , , II » 1 ,, .1. H"ll, Himiel Scott, Lemuel

Honin \i 111. 1 , "1 - 1 I. urcli Wardens, Wil-



I the



d Robertson, John Paca, George Pres-
.ard, and Daniel Scott; Church War-



Miiil



-, May

Gnulinwder, i-ice Thomac

Joseph IHon-is.
9, April 23.— Vestrymen,

forrl, Walter Tolley .1



men, Thomas Franklin and Benjamin Jones, of
rhumas Giltings; Church Wardens, Wm. Wright,



, William Savory, viee W. Bmd-



■ Garrettson were unirried Dec. 27, 17:J.i, and

Klizabeth, born Nov. 16, 1736; Thomas,

1 1 1, 1741 ; Mary, born March 21, 1740 (she

M, .Ian. 17, 1759); Sophia, born March 3,

ili.d July HI, 17-19, and he married Martha




THOMAS GOKSUCH.



ELEVENTH DISTKICT.



1740, April 7.— Vestrymen, George Presliury, John Paca, Itichard Kobin-
8on, lice liichard Caswell, Darby Heniby, and Benjamin Morris;
Cliurcb Wardens, Edward Day and William Dallam. Kit-hard Cos-
well, on Ang. Ist, resigned as vestryman, and John Taylor was
elected in his place.

1711, niarch :iO. — Vestrymen, George Crown, Richard Dallam, vice
Til. . mas Trankliu, and . . . ; Church Wardens, Thomas Gittings,
Jani.-.s Maxwell.

1742, Apiil C— Vestrymen, William Young, James Maxwell, nice Wil-
liam Standiford, and William Savory ; Church Wardens, Thomas
Gassoway, William Bond.

1743, April 4.— Vesti7men, Luke Wiley, Daniel Macomers, vice Ilenily
and Lloyd; Church Wardens, Walter ToUey and Edward Day.
Joshua Harkey was chosen in the place of Day on April 16th.

1744, March 26.— Vestrymen, Walter Tulley, Thomas Gittings, vice
George Brown, and Benjamin Norris; Cliurch Wardens, Edward
Norris and Nicholas Kuxton Gay.

1745, April 1."..— Ve-itrymen, N. B. Gay, George Presbnry, James Scott,
viir- William Young, James Maxwell, and William Dallam ; Cliurch
Wiinl.ii.s, Er.di E.ickson, John Chamberlain.

174i;, ■11,11 li .1 V. imacn, John Chamberlain and B. Ericksoli, nice
I>" '■' ■' I I.uke Wiley; Church Wardens, Vincent Dor-

1717, \jiil J' \iM \[iiL-ii, John Day, of Edward, John Hammond
Dorsey, lleatli.-.iat Picket, vice Thomas Gittings, Walter Tolley,
James Scott; Church Wardens, John Holt and John Starkey.

1748, April 11.— Vestrymen, Tliomas Gittings, John Paca, William Dal-
lam, (iif N. K. liny, George Presbury, J. H. Dorsey ; Church War-
.1.11- \ l: ...N .1 I William Young.

174!', ^l.i \ ' win'ii, Alexander Lawson, William Savory, nice

■ I- ,,iiii , i I i:. Erickson ; Church Wardens, EoderickClieyne,

liuh.ii.; Wjliu.iU,. Lawson declined vestryman, and Walter Tolley

1760, June 4.— Vestrymen, Kichard Wilmott, George Presbury, Dice
Heal hcoat Picket, and . . . .; Church Wardens, Daniel Maccomar,
of William, and Samuel Smith.

1751, Easter-Monday. — Vestrymen, Roger Boyce, Benjamin Norris, John
Day, of Edward, rice Tliomas Gittings, John Paca, and William Dal-
lam ; Church Wardens, Godfrey Walters, William Davis.

1752, Jlarch 30.— Vestrymen, Godfrey Waters, Thomas Bayley, James
Ci.Moll, lice William Savory, etc.

1753, Aiiiil 23.— Vestrymen, John Paca, John Chamberlain, Thomas
W;iltli;iiii, rue Walter Tolley, George Presbury, Richard Wilmott;
' ' '. w ,.i.l, ii. ,ImIiii Howard, George Simmons.

17.'.4. 1:1 I M.I I i \ .stiymen. Col. William Young, John Howard,

ui. 1 11... I. I >.,..• R. Boyce, J. Day, of Edward, and Benjamin

,N..iii-; 1 li.iiili W .11 dens, K. Cheyne, Thomas Gittings.

17.55, Easter-Jlonday. — Vestrymen, Robert Adair, rice S. Wattera, de-
ceased; Church Wardens, Beale Bordley, Charles Christie.

1756, April 19.— Vestrymen, Beale Bordley, Charles Christie, John Merry-
man, ni.c Messrs. Pacii, Chamberlain, and Waltham; Church War-
dens, William Scott and Jacob Johns.

1767, Easter-Munday.— Vestrymen, Benjamin Norris, John Day, of Ed-
wai.l. J.'S('|.b (■r.>..U, rt>_'i' 51cs8rs. Young, Howard, and James;
!■ li M,.i.l. I, I -It Bishop.

175,^.11. \ I . III...M, Robert Bishop, Dixon Stansbury, nice R.

.\ , I V. I-; Church Warden, Thomas Meredith.

1750, ,\(iil 1'. ill .11, i.. Eranklin, David McCullough, William Debru-
ton, lice Boi dlej, etc. ; Church Wardens, B. Day and James Gittings.

1760, April 7. — Vesti-ynien, George Presbnry, John Chamberlain, vice
Messrs. Norris and Gay; Church Wardens, G. Presbury, Israel Git-
tings.

1761, March.— Vestrymen, Walter Tolley, George Ball, uiVe E. Bishop,
etc.; Church Warden, Jamca Ristou.

1762, April 12.— Vestrymen, James Gittings, J, Preston, J. G. Howard, j
J. n. Dorsey, rice Messrs. Franklin, McCulloch, Debrnler; Church ,
Wardens, George Presbury, Michael Daskin. [

1763, April 4.— Vestrymen, Benjamin Ricketts, Nathan Nicholson, As-
aliel Gitliiigs, rice Johu Chamberlain, G. Presbury; Church War-
dens, Joseph Lewis, Archibald Buchanan.

1764, April 23.— Vestrymen, William Bradford, rice W. Tolley; Church
Wardeus, R. Boyce, John Beale Howard.

1765, April 8.— Vestrymen, W. Young, W. Tolley, J. B. Howard, vice J.
Gittings, J. G. Howard, J. H. Dorsey; Church Warden, E. Boyce. j

1766, Marcli 31. — Vestrymen, Thomas Gassoway Howard, George G. Pres- '
bury, Robertson Presbury, rice Messrs. Nicholson, Picket, and Git- I
tings; Church Wardens, E. Boyce, R. Bishop.



urn, .Tames Gittings, G. Goldsmith, rice Bradford ;
I'Miy Gassoway, E. Boyce. Henry Gassoway re-
I w .liter Tolley, Jr., was appointed.

lohn Day, Ashel Gittings, S. Young, Zachens

i.klin ; Church Wardens, John Wattors, Thomas



Talb.



1769, April 18.— Vestrymen, W. Tolley, J.B. Howard, .John Walters, rice
A. Gittings, G. G. Presbnry, W. R. Presbury; Church Wardens,
Thomas Talbot, John Brown.

1771, April 1.— Vestrymen, Col. William Young, T. Talbot, Benjamin
Rumsoy ; Church Wardens, Thomas Franklin, Johu Howard.

1772, Easter-Monday. — Vestrymen, Tliomas Franklin, J. Howard, Ed-
ward Day, S. Young, J. B. Howard ; Church Wardens, Robert Bishop,
Kzekiel Bosley.

1773, April 12.— Vestrymen, B. Eumsey, Alexander Cowan, rue Messrs.



Young and Talbot ; Chu
1775, April.— Vestrymen, r.,,

Howard, J. B.Howar.i , .
1779, June 7.— Vestrymen, .

B. Il..wni.l, Tli.,uui- II



118, R. Bishop, Josias Slade.

^, li. iij, Kogers, Benj. Boyce, J.

1;. Bishop, John Stewart.i

I : y, Benjamin Eumsey, J.

1 /.. t.. Onion, Col. Alexander

•'..".11,- .1 I r.i.;,! . . I,.... h Wardens, John Day, of Edward,

' .| . ' 'ii.iy, resisterand clerk. '

17.-iii, M , . I:.iiiisey, Col. Cowan, John Day, J. B.

lb., .Mi, 1 .. II v,,.. ;, ,1,1, liittings, Zachariah Onion; Church
Wardeus, Samuel 1.;. Usbi.iiic, James Maxwell. Messrs. Osborne
and Maxwell declined taking the oaths of fidelity, etc., to the new
State government.
1781, April 1 6.— Vestrymen, B. Eumsey. J. B, Howard, A. Cowan, T. G.

Howard, Z. Onion, S. G. Osborne, and Maj. Taylor.
1797. — Vestrymeu, Johu Rumsey, Benjamiu Rnmsey, John G. Day, Jere-
miah Foard, Ananias Divers.

The present St. John's P. E. Church at Kingsville
was built in 1817 by Edward Day at his own expense,
and was dedicated on July 17th of that year by
Bishop Kemp. It was intended to replace the old
St. John's church at Joppa, which about that time
had fallen into decay, having, as we have .seen, stood
for more than a hundred years. The pastors have
been as above stated.

Cub Hill— The post-office and village of Cub Hill
is on the Harford turnpike, ten miles out of Balti-
more, and has a population of 150. In the vicinity
are copper-ore laanks, from which large quantities
have been taken to the smelting-works on the Gun-
powder River, which are not now in operation.

Thomas Gorsuch, the son of Charles Gorsuch and
Lydia (Bosley) Gorsuch, was born in Baltimore
County, on the farm now owned by his son, Thomas
B. Gorsuch, in 1782, and died on the 14th of Decem-
ber, 1864, in tlie eighty-secoud year of his age. His
father, Charles Gorsuch, was among the earliest settlers
in the neighborhood, and was a descendant of the
Charles Gorsuch who in 1661 patented fifty acres oi
land ou Whetstone Point, the present site of Fort
McHenry. Charles Gorsuch, the father of Thomas



Isaac Risteau married I:
following children : Sara!.,
1760; Mary, born Oct. 27,
Talbot, b..rii X.iv. II, 17,'.l;



, ^.ln of ,



Hlanch Ha



J., III! ', , - : ill Coreuch, July 20, 1758.

Viiclii 1 \\. iiliiii.;! .1 ill irried Priscella Bond, Nov. 17, 1757.

Auquila Johns niariicd Hannah Bond, Jan. 27, 1757.

Talbot Risteau married Mary Stokes, June 20, 1745.

John Beall Howard, county clerk. May, 177G.

Elchard Colgate, Jr, daughter married Dr. John Dale, April, 1767.



HISTORY OF BALTIMORE CITY AND COUNTY, MARYLAND.



Gorsuch, had seven children, — four sons and three
daughters,— Joshua, Joseph, Charles, and Thomas,
and Sarah, Hannah, Malinda, and Rachel.

Thomas Gorsuch, the subject of this memoir, mar-
ried Hannah Juliet Onion, daughter of William
Francis Heath Onion and Elizabeth Day, and grand-
daughter of Edward and Rebecca Young, all of them
being families of note and prominence in county his-
tory. The Onions were connected with some of the
earliest and most important industrial enterprises of j
the province, Stephen Onion, a practical iron-master, •
being the first representative of the Principio Iron
Company in America. In the course of time he
severed his connection with this company and built
works of his own at the head of Gunpowder River,
about a mile from Joppa, then one of the principal
towns of Maryland. After his death his son Zaccheus,
in 1769, offered the property for sale, which then con-
sisted of two forges with four fires and two hammers,
a furnace in good repair, grist and saw-mills, and be-
tween eight and nine thousand acres of land, abound-
ing in rich deposits of iron ore. Zaccheus, who was
probably the first of the family in this neighborhood,
was one of the wealthiest men in the county, and lived
in great style. The old homestead was known as
" Onion's Inheritance."

William Francis Heath Onion had six children,—
Rebecca, who married John C. Waters; John W.,
who married May Baker; Lloyd, who married Eliza-
beth Rouse ; Agnes Maria, wJio was married twice,
first to Alexander Anderson Kennard, and after his
death to Edward Cowling ; Beale Howard, who was
never married ; and Hannah Juliet, who, as has been
said, married Thomas Gorsuch. Six children were
born of this union, five sons and one daughter. The
daughter Elizabeth and three sons, Thomas B., Edwin
A., and Joseph H. Gorsuch, are still living. Joseph
H. Gorsuch married Maggie E. Quinlan, and has five
children, four sons and one daughter; Edwin A. Gor-
such married Catherine S. Ashbridge, and has one
daughter; Elizabeth Gorsuch married George W. Lee,
and has two daughters and a son ; and the remaining
son, Thomas B. Gorsuch, has never married.

Hannah Juliet, wife of Thomas Gorsuch, died Aug.
15, 1861, in the fifty-fourth year of her age. Sarah
Gorsuch, the sister of Thomas, and the wife cf John
Riddle, died Aug. 3, 1877, in her eighty-ninth year.
Her husband died May 27, 1850, aged sixty-five years.

The Gorsuch family have occupied a prominent po-
sition in county history from the earliest period, and
have always been closely identified with the best
interests of the county. Its representatives have for
the most part devoted themselves to agriculture, and
Thomas B. and Edwin A. Gorsuch are the owners of
fine and well-cultivated farms, which formed a part of
the original tnut |i;ilriitiil by their ancestors soon
after the settleiiiiiii ..| ilu picvince..

The old Forks MciIi.mH-i F.piscopal meeting-house,
which was built more than a century ago, and which



takes its name from its situation at the forks of the
Manor and Joppa road, was erected chiefly by the
Gorsuch family, who gave the ground upon which it
stands, and to which the descendants have made sev-
eral additional donations of land.

Among those who are buried in the graveyard
of the old meeting-house are John Proctor, died
May 27, 1872, aged seventy-five years ; Jos. Clayton,
born March 1, 1778, died Feb. 9, 1854, aged seventy-
five years ; Sarah Clayton, died Oct. 31, 1868, aged
eighty-five; Wm. Dampman, born Jan. 20, 1812, died
Sept. 22, 1876 ; Thomas Foard, born March 22, 1789,
died Oct. 21, 1863 ; May Foard, born June 16, 1795,
died April 9, 1869 ; Sylvester Foard, born March 11,
1817, died Feb. 26, 1877 ; John Watkins, born Feb.
26, 1803, died May 5, 1878; Jacob Stover, born Sept.
8, 1797, died Aug. 25, 1868; Henry Guyton, died
Nov. 14, 1877, in his eighty-eighth year; John Bond,
born Feb. 12, 1812, died Feb. 9, 1872; Edward C.
Hall, died Feb. 19, 1859, in liis sixty -second year;
Eliza, wife of Edward C. Hall, died April 10, 1869,
in her sixty-seventh year; Dr. George W. Wilson,
died Jan. 18, 1854, aged forty-one; Robert Lyon
Hall, born Dec. 12, 1781, died March 24, 1847 ; Ish-
mael Day, born March 20, 1792, died Dec. 27, 1873,
in his eighty-second year; Charles Francis, born
May 13, 1782, died Oct. 20, 1855, aged seventy-three;
Wm. Ford, died April 6, 1876, aged fifty-nine years ;
John W. Clayton, born Jan. 8, 1799, died Jan. 26,
1872; John Wells, died March 30, 1803, aged forty-
nine years; Thomas S. Clayton, born Sept. 25, 1806,
died March 5, 1873 ; James McClure, born March
10, 1798, died Jan. 30, 1839, in his forty-second year.
Little Gunpowder. — On the Little Gunpowder
Falls, five miles above the railroad station at Mag-
nolia, is the village and post-office of Little Gunpow-
der, which has a population of 250. The Philadelphia
turnpike crosses the Little Gunpowder at this point.

Upper Falls. — This village is within a mile of the
Little Gunpowder Falls, and has a population of 100.
SalemMethodistEpiscopal church and Asbury church,
of the same denomination, are in the vicinity.

One of the first settlements in Baltimore County,
and perhaps the earliest in the Eleventh District,
was made by Edward Swanson, Sept. 23, 1665, be-
tween the Great and Little Gunpowder Rivers, and
only a few hundred yards from where these streams
unite to form the Gunpowder River proper. The
present owner of the property is Col. B. F. Taylor,
who was born in Baltimore City, educated at St.Tim-

' othy's Hall, Catonsville, and was a gallant Federal
soldier in the civil war. He went in as an enlisted
man, and rose to the rank of colonel of the Second

I Maryland Regiment of Veteran Volunteers, having

I been breveted for conspicuous gallantry in the as-
sault upon Petersburg, April 2, 1865. At the time of

j thesurrenderatAppomattox he commanded abrigade,
composed of his own regiment, the Sixth New Hamp-
shire, and the Eleventh New Hampshire, attached to



ELEVENTH DISTRICT.



the Second Division of the Ninth Corps. After the j
battle of Sailor's Creek, Col. Taylor was put in
charge of and conducted to the rear seven thousand
Confederate prisoners, among whom were Gens. Ewell,
Kershaw, Corse, Du Boise, and Eppa Hunton, and i
Admiral Tucker. ]

The present Taylor estate is the result of various
accretions, and comprises four hundred and seventy-
five acres of the finest land in Maryland. Col. Taylor's
grandfather was an Irishman, who emigrated to
America before the Eevolutionary war, and had a
son named Robert Taylor, who bequeathed to his son
the manorial estate here alluded to. Fifteen acres of
it, known as " Simms' Choice," were purchased in
1673, and on March 4, 1713, there was bought an
addition of one hundred and ninety-two acres, called
" Pimlico," in the forks of the Gunpowder. The next
imrchase was " Onion's Inheritance," a tract which
had been patented to Stephen Onion, July 27, 1746,
and which was bounded by the surveys of " Expecta-
tion," " Richardson's Reserve," " Fortune," " Win-
ley's Forest," "Pimlico," "Good Endeavor," "Fell's
Swampy Moor," "Worth," and " Sicklemore Dock."
The fourth purchase was " Pardoner's Discovery,"
which had belonged to Ananias Divers. The fifth
purchase was "Federal Meadow," surveyed Nov. 21,
1800, and afterwards the property of Charles Crook,
who had a mill on it, built many years before, and
known as Crook's Mill. The sixth purchase was
" Divers' Island," also once owned by the Ananias
Divers aforesaid. It once embraced but thirteen acres,
and was on the east side of the Great Gunpowder, but
the course of the stream has been so deflected that it
is now on the west side, and by alluvial deposits has
been swollen to twenty-six acres. On Sept. 19, 1839,
Robert Taylor bought the entirety of all these tracts
except " Onion's Inheritance," which comprised eight
hundred and forty-nine acres, and of which he only
got a part, of Otho Scott, trustee of the estate of John
Buck. In 1844 he added the " Peru Mills" property
of forty acres, and gave the whole estate the name of
" Mount Peru." Upon it there is a massive stone
mansion built in 1772. Col. Taylor resides in an
elegant country-house near the old mansion, and from
his door can be obtained a land and water view com-
prising the upper Chesapeake Bay, the majestic Gun-
powder River, the shores of Cecil, Queen Anne's, and
Kent County across the bay, and nearer at hand the
picturesque region of the Gunpowder, Bush, and Bird
Rivers. Almost within view is the location on Bush
River where the first county-seat of Baltimore County
was established, and close by is " Foster's Neck,"
which was proposed as the second site for the county-
seat. In plain sight, only a mile away, is Joppa, the
third county-seat, once a shipping port, whose name
was known to every London merchant and trader
before Baltimore Town was even so much as thought
of. Just here, almost at the feet of the spectators of
this broad and imperial panorama, is the channel



where the adventurous Capt. John Smith sailed in
1608, " in our barge about two tons, and had in it
but twelve men to perform this discovery."

Joppa, on the east side of the Gunpowder River,
about a mile north of the Philadelphia, Wilmington
and Baltimore Railroad bridge, in what is now Har-
ford County, was the county-seat of Baltimore County
from 1724 to 1768. In those days it was a flourishing
town and the principal exporting point in the prov-
ince of Maryland. But its glory departed when the
county-seat was removed to Baltimore Town in 1768,
and now its site is marked by but one house, which
was built of English brick in 1770. In the fields are
certain depressions which indicate where cellars have
once been, and these and a few fragments of chimneys
tell of what were once the lines of the streets. From
the brier-grown and neglected cemetery some scraps
of the history of the decayed town may be gathered.
But one gravestone remains of the many that were
erected in the last century, and the inscription upon
it reads : " To the memory of David McCulloch, mer-
chant in Joppa, who died the 17th day of September,
1766, aged forty-eight years." This stone is four
inches thick, four feet wide, and five feet high, and it
is in as good condition and its lettering is as legible
as when it was put up, one hundred and fifteen years
ago. There are near it four other tombs of later date,
—one of Charles J. Bullis, who died Jan. 17, 1850,
aged thirty-five years ; one of Ephialet Norris, who
died Nov. 10, 1821, aged sixty-orie years, nine months,
and seventeen days ; one of George R. Norris, who
died in 1822, aged twenty-three; and one to the mem-
ory of a gentleman's wife, who died in Chicago in
1849. Very curiously, no name is inscribed on this
stone.

What was once the site of Joppa is now the farm
of James Murray, a native of Scotland and a de-
scendant of the clan MacGregor. In his orchard are
the cellars and foundations of the ancient court-house,
St. John's church, the jails, taverns, and stores. A
few yards away is the spot where stood the gallows-
tree, the whipping-post, and the stocks. Along the
shores of the Gunpowder are seen to this day
huge piles of stone, all that remain of the substruc-
tures of the wharves and warehouses of the olden
time. W. Y. Day and John Beall Rumsey, whose
ancestors were among the merchant princes of Joppa
when it was in the height of its glory, are present
residents of the neighborhood.

"Foster's Neck," or " Foster's Hill," as it is now
called, a property owned by Hon. John Carroll
Walsh, was at one time determined upon as the
county-seat of Baltimore County, but the law was re-
pealed the year after it was enacted, and the location
changed to Joppa. The two places are opposite each
other, and are only separated by Foster's Creek. The
reasons for the change were that the harbor of Joppa
was the better of the two, and was more accessible to
the country people, who were obliged to ride around



HISTOllY OF BALTIMORE CITY AND COUiNTY, MARYLAND.



the head-waters of the creek to reach Foster's Neck.
In the fall of 1781, Lafayette's army encamped on
Foster's Neck while on its way south to Yorktown.

During the Revolution one of the largest land-
holders in this region was John Paul, the Tory.
When the British naval forces sailed up the Chesa-
peake to the Gunpowder, he and a man named Pick- j
ett piloted them to the mills, where they took several
scow-loads of flour and floated them out to the ves- \
sels in the bay. Shortly afterwards Lafayette's forces ,
occupied the country, and the two Tories were seized
and condemned to death for giving aid and comfort
to the enemy. The night before they were to be ex-
ecuted John Paul asked the guard if he might be
allowed to smoke. The guard consented, and par-
tially freed Paul's hands, whereupon the latter burst
his bonds, and in the darkness, aided by a thorough
knowledge of the country, he managed, to make his
escape. Pickett was hanged the next morning on
the gallows-tree at Joppa, which stood very near the j
present gate of Mr. Murray's farm. The popular i
indignation against Paul was so strong on account of
his Toryism that he was obliged to lie concealed in I
a cave, which bears his name to this day, and in a
few years death came to his relief. To save his large
estates from the confiscation which was decreed for
the property of all Tories he assigned them to a
trustee, and in some unknown manner they were lost
to him and to his heirs.

Robert Taylor, who consolidated the Mount Peru
property, was born in 1780, and died in 1869. He
served in the army during the war of 1812, and was
one of the defenders of Fort McHenry. While the
British fleet was in the upper Chesapeake he ob- i
tained leave of absence to go to Spesutia Island, !
where he had some valuable fishing apparatus that
he wished to secrete in a place of safety. After hiding
away his boats and nets he was seen and chased by a
fbraging-party of British. They captured an old
negro slave belonging to Gen. Smith, who was the
only other person on the island, and frightened him i
into disclosing where Gen. Smith's cattle were hid in j
the swamps. They then turned their attention to j
this plunder, and Mr. Taylor was suffered to ascape.

The first gift for a public school in Baltimore
County was made in this district. In 1725, Thomas
Tolley conveyed to a trustee one hundred acres of i
land, to be held in trust for free school purposes.
Under the provisions of the deed a school-house was
erected in 1790 on the old post road, on a site now
owned by James Hawkins. The present trustee of
the fund is the venerable Dr. W. T. AJlender, who
sold the land, and from its jjroceeds built two school-
houses, one for white and one for colored children,
and had a remainder left to be applied to the salaries
of teachers. Dr. Allender lives at "Mount Ararat,"
a pleasant estate overlooking the Gunpowder and the
Chesapeake. It came into his possession through his
ancestors of the Tolley family.



In 1823 the United States mail between Baltimore
and Philadelphia was robbed in this vicinity, on the
Longchamps road. The road, or at least its name,
has disappeared, but it appears to have been con-
structed by Gen. Lafayette when he made his hasty



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