John W. (John Woody) Papworth.

An alphabetical dictionary of coats of arms belonging to families in Great Britain and Ireland; forming an extensive ordinary of British armorials; upon an entirely new plan .. (Volume 1) online

. (page 1 of 133)
Online LibraryJohn W. (John Woody) PapworthAn alphabetical dictionary of coats of arms belonging to families in Great Britain and Ireland; forming an extensive ordinary of British armorials; upon an entirely new plan .. (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 133)
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ILPHABETICAL DICTIONARY

Coats of 8rms

BELONGING TO \

FAMILIES IN GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND;

FORMING AN EXTENSIVE



ORDINARY



OF



BRITISH ARMORIALS;

UPON AN ENTIRELY NEW PLAN,



WHICH THE ARMS ARE SYSTEMATICALLY SUBDIVIDED THROUGHOUT,

AND SO ARRANGED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER

THAT THE NAMES OF FAMILIES WHOSE SHIELDS ARE FOUND ON

BUILDINGS, MONUMENTS, SEALS, PAINTINGS, PLATE, ETC.,

WHETHER MEDI/EVAL OR MODERN,

CAN BE READILY ASCERTAINED.



BY THE LATE

JOHN W. PAPWORTH, F.R.I.B.A.,

EDITED FROM PAGE 696 BY

ALFRED W. MORANT, F.S.A., F.G.S.



LONDON :
T. RICHARDS, 37, OREAT QUEEN STREET.

1874.



A 11 right* reservt d.



V.N

T



ALPHABETICAL DICTIONARY



o.



Coats of aims






BELONGING TO






FAMILIES JN GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND;



FUHMINO AN EXTENSIVE



ORDINARY



OF



BRITISH ARMORIALS;

UPON AN ENTIRELY NEW PLAN,

IN' WHICH THE ARMS ARE SYSTEMATICALLY SUBDIVIDED THROUGHOUT,

AND SO ARRANGED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER,

THAT THE NAMES OF FAMILIES WHOSE SHIELDS ARE FOUND ON

BUILDINGS, MONUMENTS, SEALS, PAINTINGS, PLATE, ETC,

WHETHEB MEDIEVAL OR MODERN,

CAN BE READILY ASCERTAINED.



BY THE LATE

JOHN W. PAPWORTH, F.K.I.B.A.,

EDITED FROM PAGE GOG P.V

ALFRED W. MORANT, F.S.A., F.G.S.



- •

VOL. 1.
* i § i .' i






', hCN»ON
T. RICHAR&fij ■:7...«JliEAT. QUEEN ^I'EEIOT.

1S7I,



-1// rights reserved.



' .



< « . t . * '



\ I K I < *



fint of Inhnrrikrii

To the Work wider the final arrangement for completing it.



The Print Department of the British Museum

I Department of Science and Art, South Kensington

■ Library of the Corporation of London [Two copies)
: Society of Antiquaries, London (Two copies)

i Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (Two copies)
The Birmingham Library (Two copies)

■ Chetham Library, Manchester

Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire
The Kent Archaeological Society (Ttvo copies)

Kilkenny and South-East of Ireland Archaeological Society

Leicester Permanent Library (Two cojnes)
The Lincolnshire Diocesan Architectural Society
The Liverpool Free Public Library
3 Liverpool Library (Two copies)

London Institution (Two copies)

Middle Temple Library

Sheffield Library

Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society (Two copies)
Trinity College, Cambridge (Two copies)
The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society

. Stackhouse Acton, Acton Scott (Two copies)

. H. Addington, M.A., Henlow Grange, Biggleswade (Two copies)

iam Adlam, Esq., Chew Magna
W. A. Tyssen Amhurst, Esq., Didlington Park (Two copies)
John S. Anderson, Esq., Old Broad Street (Two copies)

srs. Asher, Berlin (Two copies)
thur Ashpitel, Esq., F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A., the late (Two copies)

. Babington, Esq., M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A., Cambridge (Two copies)
. V. Bayly, Esq., Davies Street (Two copies)
. Baily, Esq., Liverpool (Two copies)
John Batten, Esq., J. P., Aldon, Yeovil (Two copies)
lam Beamont, Esq., Warrington (Two copies)
W. K. R. Bedford, M.A., Sutton Coldfield (Two copies)
es Bennet, Esq., the late, continued by Mrs. Bennet, The Close, Salisbury
;ford Bevan, Esq., Bury St. Edmund's (Two copies)
L Blaauw, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., the late
'•lenkinsop, Esq., Warwick
ard Blore, Esq., D.C.L., F.S.A., Manchester Sqiiare (Two copies)



2 4 9



IV



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.

Miss Bockett, Braclney, near Beading (Two copies)

J. B. Botham, Esq., Birmingham

E. M. Bovle, Esq., Torquay (Tivo copies)

Edward K. Bridger, Esq., Berkeley House, Hampton, Middlesex

Thomas Brightwen, Esq., Great Yarmouth

Sir Bernard Burke, Ulster King of Arms, Dublin Castle (Two copies)

W. B. Callender, Esq., jun., Busholme (Two copies)

John Calver, Esq., Harleston

G. A. Carthew, Esq., F.S.A., East Dereham (Two copies)

B. Redmond Caton, Esq., F.S.A. Ryefield House, Ayrshire (Two conies)

John Inglis Chalmers, Esq., Aldbar

Mrs. E. Cole, Doddington, Lincoln (Two copies)

Rev. the Lord Alwyne Compton, M.A., Castle Ashby (Two copies)

Thomas Coombs, Esq., Dorchester (Two copies)

Rev. G. E. Corrie, D.D., Master of Jesus College, Cambridge

J. Ross Coulthart, Esq., F.S.A.Scot., Ashton-under-Lyne (Three co\

Rev. G. H. Dashwood, M.A., F.S.A., the late (Two copies), continued by

Captain Bulwer, East Dereham
James Dearden, Esq., the late, continued by Mrs. E. C. Waters, Upton

House, Poole

William R. Emeris, Esq., Louth

John Evans, Esq., E.S.A., Hemel Hempstead (Two copies)

Rev. C. J. Evans, M.A., Ovington, Thetford (Two copies)

Miss ffarrington, Worden, Preston (Two copies)
John Fetherston, Esq., F.S.A., High Street, Warwick (Two copies)
A. W. Franks, Esq., M.A., Dir.S.A., Victoria Street (Five copies)
Gilbert J. French, Esq., F.S.A., the late (Two copies)

H. H. Gibbs, Esq., St. Dunstan's, Regent's Park
W. Gray, Esq., F.G.S., F.R.A.S., York (Two copies)
H. S. Grazebrook, Esq., Pedmore (Two copies)
Rev. H. T.Griffith, B.A., Felmingham, Norfolk
F. S. Growse, Esq. , Bildestone

Edward Hailstone, Esq., F.S.A., Walton Hall, Wakefield

James H. Harrison, Esq., Great Yarmouth

William Harrison, Esq., F.G.S., F.S.A., Samlesbury Hall

R. S. Harvey, Esq., Nottingham Place (Two copies)

E. Hawkins, Esq., F.S.A., the late (Two copies)

Miss Frances M. Hext, Lostwithiel

R. R. Holmes, Esq., F.S.A., Windsor Castle

D. D. Hopkyns, Esq., F.S.A., Weycliffe, Guildford

Rev. John Horner, M.A., Mells Park, Frome (Two copies)

J. C. Hotten, Esq., the late (Two copies)

J. J. Howard, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A., Dartmouth Road, Blackhcath

Edward Hussey, Esq., Scotuey Castle, Kent

R. C. Hussey, Esq., F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A., Harbleddwn, Canterbury (Two <•

Henry Jackson, Esq., Sheffield

Rev. J. E. Jackson, M.A., Hon. Canon of Bristol, Leigh Delamere
(Four copies)

William Long, Esq., Wrington, near Bristol

Rev. W. C Lukis, M.A., F.S.A., Wath, Ripon

Rev. S. Lysons, M.A., F.S.A., Hempsted Court (Two copies)



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. V

ar MacCulloch, Esq., Guernsey (Two copies)
X. Marshall, Esq., LL.D., F.A.S.L., Hanley Court, Tenbury
(Two copies)
.lohn H. Mathews, F,sq., ITarley Street (Two copies)
The lit. Hon. the Lord Monson, M.A., F.S.A., Belgrave Square
,'. Morant, Esq., F.S.A., F.G.S., Leeds {Four copies)
H. G. Morse, Lorrimore Square {Two copies)
I . Scott Murray, Esq., Cavendish Square

John Ncalds, Esq., Guildford {Two copies)

.ander Nesbitt, Esq., F.S.A., Oldlands, Uckficld
! i). T. Niblett, Esq., Staniforth, Gloucester (Two copies)
in Lltid Nicholl, Esq., the late (Two copies)
Gough Nichols, Esq., F.S.A., the late
Most Noble the Marquis of Northampton, Castle Ashby (Two cojries)

W. J. O'Donnavan, Esq., University Club, Dublin (Two copies)
ierick Ouvry, Esq., F.S.A., Lincoln's Inn Fields (Two cop>ies)

A. Paget, Esq., the late

John H. Parker, Esq., F.S.A., Oxford (Two copies)

. Pearson, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A., the late
H. Peckitt, Esq., Carlton Ousthwaite, Yorkshire (Two cojries)
Hugh Penfold, Esq., Middle Temple (Two copies)
Charles Penruddocke, Esq., Compton Park (Two copies)
Charles S. Perceval, Esq., LL.D., Tr.S.A., Eccleston Square (Four copies)
Rev. G. Pinder, M.A., Hartford House, Bournemouth (Two copies)
3. IL. Plowes, Esq., York Terrace (Two copies)
Ambrose Poynter, Esq., Dover

B. Quaritch, Esq., Piccadilly (Four copies)

T. Richards, Esq., Great Queen Street (Four copies)
Joseph Rix, Esq., M.D., St. Neot's (Two copies)

G Roots, Esq., B.A., F.S.A., Ashley Place, Victoria Street {Tivo copies)
.;. Rowe, Esq., F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A., Cambridge (Two copies)

James P. St. Aubyn, Esq., F.R.I. B. A., Lambe's Buildings, Temple

(Tivo copies)
Rev E. J. Shepherd, M.A., Trosley Rectory, Maidstone (Tivo copies)
' hilip Shirley, Esq., Lower Eatington Park
H. Shout, Esq., Upper Park Road, Haverstock Hill
H. A. M. Waldo Sibthorp, Esq., Chester Square (Three copies)
M is. Simpkin and Marshall, Stationers' Hall Court
Rev. E. H. Mainwaring Sladen, M.A., The Gore, Bournemouth (Seven copies)

. Walter Sneyd, M.A., Keele Hall, Newcastle
1 John H. Sperling, M.A., Westboume Rectory, Emsworth

I Spiers, Esq., F.S.A., Oxford (Two copies)
Lady Steele-Graves, Mickleton Manor House
is. Stevens and Sons, Chancery Lane
Sykes, Esq., M.D., Doncaster

o ss Thomson, Esq., F.R.I.B.A., Devonshire Street, Portland Place,
(Two copies)
XV. Thorn, Esq., M.D., Harrow Road (Tivo copies)
Phe Ven. the Archdeacon Trpllope, M.A., F.S.A., Leasingham, Sleaford
Charles Tucker, Esq., F.S.A., Heavitree, Exeter (Two copies)
Rev. S. Blois Turner, M.A., F.S.A., Halesworth, Suffolk



VI' LIST OF SUBSCKIBEKS.

W. F. Vernon, Esq., Harefield Park, Uxbridge (Two copies)

Weston Styleman Walford, Esq., F.S.A., Middle Temple (Seven ■•■ ,

R. S. Warrington, Esq., Garrick Street

Albert Way, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., the late (Three copies)

Col. Gould R. Weston, Hunterston, Ayr (Two copies)

John Whichcord, Esq., F.S.A., F.R.I. B.A., Queen Victoria Street

Rev. R. Vernon Whitby, B.D., Lechlade (Two copies)

Alfred White, Esq., F.S.A., West Drayton (Tivo copies)

W. H. Whittemore, Esq., Boston, Massachusetts

W. Winkley, Esq., Harrow

C. J. W. Winter, Esq., Great Yarmouth

William M. Wylie, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., Blackwater, Hampshire

Joseph S. Wyon, Esq., Regent Street (Two copiies)

John Yarker, jun., Esq., Manchester (Two cojnes)
R. F. Yarker, Esq., the late



PREFACE.



[N co uence of the decease of Mr. Papworth in July 1870, .after a painful

Q] of several years' duration, it was found that this Work could not be

1 according to the original scheme of publication, and the Subscrip-

vas therefore finally closed.

however, there was a general desire among the Subscribers that the

add be completed, the continuation of it was entrusted to Mr.

"s relative and friend, Mr. Alfred W. Morant, whose qualifications

mdertaking were not unknown to some of them. It may therefore

cient to mention here that his taste for such subjects had led him

to take a friendly interest in this Work almost from its commencement, and

to watch and further its progress ; and he had, in the course of his own

i pursuits, arranged a large collection of foreign coats of arms on a

ilai Ian, and compiled several other manuscripts on this and kindred

subjects.

.is at that time ascertained that at least three-fifths of the manuscript

published in the 696 printed pages ; and the remaining two-fifths of

it a r( left by Mr. Papworth sufficiently arranged for reference. Mr.

Morant, besides the necessary and laborious technical revision of the press

p. 696, has had to insert in their proper places the remainder of the

tained in the several Bolls referred to under the letters A to Z,

ies of which Mr. Papworth had prepared for the purpose: and also to

arm id enter numerous additional coats collected in the course of many

3 b) Mr. Papworth. Mr. Morant has likewise added the coats of some

ca dons, together with a number of others from his own collections.

i Luscript also required the necessary preparation for the press, and

in parts some rewriting to adapt them to the author's final plan as carried

on! in type. This plan has been adhered to throughout the remainder of the

k, mainly through the kind assistance of Mr. Weston Styleman Walford,

who ipreciation of it in the first instance is noticed in the Introduc-

11 e has kindly supplied many special details connected with the

arrangement of the coats, and his willingness in affording advice has been

to the Editor and to Mr. Wyatt Papworth, thus ensuring, it is

hoped, the same degree of accuracy in their revision as was attained by the

or. Only the revision of the type, and the matters connected with the

publication were undertaken by Mr. Wyatt Papworth.

Tin unpublished portion contained very few references to the authority W
(Withie's additions to Glover's Ordinary, contained in a copy in the British
Musi im); an omission considered not important.



Vlll PREFACE.



»



It has been thought advisable to reprint Mr. Papworth's origina »duc>

tion, with such alterations only as were deemed necessary, rather th;
an elaborate essay by another hand.

Many inquiries having been made whether an Index of Names was to be
supplied, it may be well to record that Mr. Papworth had no s
tion. This Dictionary of Coats of Arms having been originally founded on
Encyclopaedia of Heraldry published by Sir Bernard Burke, which corapi i
a Dictionary of Armorials wherein the Names are given alphabetical
by the several coats of arms, the two works will doubtless be much n
together, especially as the latter is to a great extent an Index to the forn
The additional entries from the Eolls and other sources into this Dictionary,
although numerous, hardly appeared to need an Index to themseh.es, many
of the names being merely variations in the spelling of those to be found in
the Encyclopaedia.

The two Tables which will be found at pp. xvii and xix have been i :
in order to facilitate the use of the Work.

A List of the Subscribers to the Work, under the final arrangen
that was made for completing it, is appended, together with the number
of copies which their payments entitled them to receive. As
pated in the scheme for continuing the publication, the balance then in hand,
though somewhat increased under that arrangement, has been found insuf-
ficient to defray the expenses. The sale of the remaining copies will pro-
bably repay Mr. Wyatt Papworth the amount advanced by him for the pur-
pose of completing the publication, and may, it is hoped, eventually yield some
remuneration for the great labor and time expended by his late brother in the
preparation of the manuscript, and in the collection of the material. The
assistance, however, of the Subscribers in extending a knowledge of the Work
is earnestly requested.

Additional Title-Pages have been furnished for the convenience
wdio may be desirous of binding the Work in two volumes.

Mr. Wyatt Papw r orth has only to add his thanks to the Subscribers for
their patience during the long, and at last fatal, illness of his broth . hich
tended so much to retard the progress of this publication ; and B their
support of the scheme proposed by Mm for the completion of the Wc rk now
happily achieved.

33, Bloomsbury Street, W.C.,
July 1874.

%* It is requested that where the words ''Pole, Devon." ocelli
mav be altered to " Collinson, Somerset."



INTRODUCTION.



t of this Work is to enable the generality of persons, though but

acquainted with heraldry, to ascertain with facility the names of

es by whom any given coats of arms are, or have been, borne. For

pose a very large number of coats have been for the first time arranged

in ; . >etical order, so that any of them may be readily found ; and the

the respective families are attached.

Plan of the Work is simply this : the arms are blasoned {i.e., teclmi-

ribed), and are arranged in alphabetical order by the names of such of

ive charges as are first mentioned in the blason ; so that the inquirer

o blason the coat, and the first charge that he names shows under

tie in this Dictionary the coat is to be sought. When there is no

the tincture of the field is to be considered as the charge, and such a

coat will be found under the head of that metal, color, or fur. Again ; when

e is no charge, if the field be party, the ordinary employed to designate

ion of the partition gives the place of a coat of this kind in the

thus, for example, per bend will be found under bend. In like

manner, when there is no charge, coats that are harry, bendy ', gyronny, paly,

ill be found respectively under bar, bend, gyron, pale, etc. Coats

which are billcty, crusily, or otherwise semy, follow a similar rule; for if there

ther charge, those of which the field is semy are regarded as charges;

but they are considered as parts of the field when there is another charge*

ew cases, the different modes of blasoning of which arms are capable
ma) e it necessary to refer to more than one title.

Some of the charges, such as the ordinaries and others much in use, form

he;i omprehensive, that several divisions and subdivisions became indis-

Le: there it will be seen that further alphabetical arrangements have

wed ; sometimes by the tinctures only, and sometimes by the charges

Thi -. it will be observed, is confined to the field; on the contrary, charges which are

'■usily, etc., are regarded as surcharged.

B



X INTRODUCTION.

also. This part of the Plan will be best learned by inspection ; for it i ■
possible to express it precisely in a few words. It may, however, |
that when the coat has only one charge, or charges of one kind, the second
alphabet is by the tinctures; but in more complicated cases tin
alphabet of those charges or surcharges which fall tinder that part
division or subdivision, which makes it to differ from a preceding one : and as
often as such a charge is a chief, quarter, canton, or base which is surcharged,
there is a further alphabet of these surcharges ; and in every case there is
finally an alphabetical arrangement of the coats by the tinctures. It will be
observed that under some subdivisions the coats appear to be not in alpha-
betical order by their tinctures. It will, however, be found that they are
arranged in groups according to some of the charges named in the blason ;
and that each group has the coats in it alphabetically arranged by their
tinctures. A new group begins as often as a variation either in kind or
in number occurs in the charges. The apparent irregularity is d
absence of headings to the several groups. All beasts, birds, fishes, flower!
fruits, etc., though specially named, come together in their respective plac
just as if the proper headings, according to this Dictionary, had been
inserted. As it is not easy without practice to supply those head]
mentally, a coat may often be more readily found by looking at once for the
tincture of the field ; for these subdivisions rarely contain many coats, and it
does not in general take much time to run the eye over all the first . <.ied
tinctures.

It will be seen that of several objects constituting a charge or surcb
the first in the order of blason, and of a complicated charge or surcharge the
most important portion, have respectively been taken for the alphabet:
words.

The usual marks of cadency, when employed merely as modern diiferen
are not to be regarded as charges or surcharges for any of the above ] arposes
and the occasional difference, the bordure, is not to be relied on as a d f ive

charge, except in the simpler coats: arms within one may often be found in
this Work where they would have been if there had been no bore 1 .
Charges over all form no element of subdivision.

For those who are moderately conversant with Heraldry the prece*'
explanation might suffice ; but to render the Plan more intelligible to persons
who are less skilled in the technical description of arms, and to assist
memory of others, such of the rules of blason as are applicable to the sub-
ject are subjoined, with some remarks in further elucidation of the method
observed in this Work.

1. The tincture, if but one, of the field is first to be noticed.

2. If the hold bo of more than one tincture, the partition is to 1 ., .mod



INTRODUCTION. x

.y peculiarity, such as indented or the like, and then the tinctures; a
■nple, pacta per pale indented arg. and gu.
Tlie word party is generally omitted in this Work, and only per f<

/■pale, etc., used in such cases. Instead o'C per cross the term ipmrterly,
> being inure commonly understood, has been employed ; and sucli coat

without charges are to be found under that head. When the arms 1
uestion consist of two or more coats marshalled quarterly, they are I

be sought separately. The arrangement as to such arms as are harry
ndy, paly, etc., and also as to such as are semy as regards the field, ha

been explained above.

Next comes the principal ordinary (not being a chief) or, if none, the
charge (if any) on the field, with any peculiarity and its tincture ; a
- hevron engrailed gu., or arg. a lion rampant gu.

rhen should follow any other charges on the field, between or withi
uch ordinary or other central charge is placed, as arg. a, chevron betu

■ hi /lets az.

These two rules have been carefully observed; although it is n<
nusual to say, for example, arg. between two cotices cm anchor gu., i

this Work the blason is arg. an anchor between two cotices gu. In like
umner a " bend coticed", is a " bend between two cotices". The other
'iminutives have been treated in the same way; and a "bar-gemel"
s reckoned as " two bars". The word between is sometimes omitted, f<

brevity, in the blason of such coats as are referred to in rule 4, when

the accompanying charges are of different kinds ; as for example, arg. a

/ess gu. in chief two mullets az. in base a fleur-de-lis vert.
5. If the principal ordinary or other central charge be itself charged, then

bo precede it ; but the surcharge on it is not to be named till after 11 •
barges (if any) on the field, between or within which such ordinary or
entral charge is placed; as arg. on a chevron between three mullets gu.
■■ r.

There are, however, some ill-devised complicated coats of modern
late, which, to avoid obscurity, are generally blasoned by naming the
urcharge immediately after the charge on which it is placed. Th'

are also coats of earlier date, in which an ordinary is surmounted

another of the same land; these are sometimes blasoned, for exam]

thus: gu. a fess or surmounted of another az. between three crescents at
ait they will here be found in accordance with the rule, as gu. on a

or betw. three crescents arg. another fess az. Marks of cadency or the like

used as differences will be presently mentioned.

if there be no central charge, the charges on the field should be mentioned
lately after it, as they may be placed, regard being had to the rules
follow; as org. Hirer- mullets gu. two and one (or in pale, in bend, in
' ;A



Xll INTRODUCTION.

In describing the places that charges occupy, such terms as
in base, between, and ivithin, frequently occur, and are used in tl subdi-
visions of the larger heads in this Dictionary. There are oth • ins
hardly less common, such as in bend, in/ess, in pale, etc., indical ag the
relative positions of charges when there is no such ordinary in the
but the arrangement of this Work does not in any way depend on them.

7. Charges in chief and in base are to be named after those in the middle
of the field; and those in chief before those in base, but subject to th

rule.

In general, a chief is not understood to be a charge in eh i
ordinary being in the nature of an addition to the field. But for the
purpose of the methodical distribution of the arms under the more
important heads, it has been found convenient to use the term
in an extended sense, and to comprise under it, not only charges properly
so designated from their position, but also a chief itself, whet] ur-
charged or not. It is essential to bear this in mind, and also I
base is used in its utmost latitude.

8. A chief, quarter, or . canton with its surcharges (if any) is to be )
after the charges (if any) on other parts of the escucheon.

9. All charges and surcharges inclosed within a bordure are to be na
before it.

When a bordure is the sole or primary charge, the coat will 1 und
under that head in the Dictionary.

10. A chief, quarter, or canton overlying a bordure must be named a

11. In like manner, any charge over the others, or as it is termed ,
must be mentioned after them.

When one ordinary or other charge is on the field, and anotk
all, such arms are often to be found represented and blasoned diff<
so that it becomes uncertain which is the primary charge. This occurs
occasionally even where a lion or other beast is debruised by a bar, a
bend, or the like. It is therefore expedient, when there is a
over all, and the coat cannot be found under what appears to be the
primary charge, to turn to that which overlies it, as if that were on the
field. In blasoning such coats the word surmounted should be avoided,
as it may lead to a coat of this kind being mistaken for a surcharge on
a charge only.

12. The marks of cadency, when used as modern differences to distinguish
younger sous and junior branches of families, and also the mark of a
Baronetcy, are to be named last.

From what lias been said it will be evident, that to find any given coat
the i i urse is to observe the charge which is first named in blasoning it, and



Online LibraryJohn W. (John Woody) PapworthAn alphabetical dictionary of coats of arms belonging to families in Great Britain and Ireland; forming an extensive ordinary of British armorials; upon an entirely new plan .. (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 133)