John W. (John Woolf) Jordan.

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in the death of Mr. Stegmaier — his judgment at
the board was always wholesome and his kindly
presence was ever greatly enjoyed.



Second, We sympathize sincerely and deeply
with his grief-stricken wife and children and com-
mend them to the care of their Heavenly Father,
to whom they can and will look for consolation
in their great sorrow.

Third, That a copy of this preamble and these
resolutions be neatly engrossed and transmitted to
the widow and children of the deceased.

WnLiAM S. McLean, President.

Mr. Stegmaier married, January i 1889,
Mary Costello, daughter of Patrick and
Mary (O'Malley) Costello, who survives
him, a resident of Wilkes-Barre. Chil-
dren: Kathleen, George J. (2), Christian
E., and Edward C.



McCORMICK, Thomas,
Prominent Bridge Building Contractor.



An unknown young man when in 1867
he first came to Easton, now president of
the Smith-McCormick Company, con-
tractors, and a man of recognized stand-
ing in his community, Mr. McCormick
can review his long, energetic and honor-
able life with that satisfaction which the
self-made man alone may feel in his
achievement.

Thomas McCormick, son of Hugh and
Bridget (Corrigan) McCormick, was born
in Ireland, March 12, 1844, and there
obtained his education, learned his trade,
and lived until twenty. Going to London,
he was employed on important construc-
tion work for three years, and then in
1867 he came to the United States, find-
ing his way to Easton, where he secured
employment with James Smith, a country-
man who was then coming into promi-
nence as a railroad contractor. Mr. Mc-
Cormick was a skilled stone mason, and
it was not long until he attracted the
favorable attention of Mr. Smith, who
promoted him foreman and entrusted him
with responsible duty. In due time Mr.
McCormick engaged in business for him-
self, forming partnership with Peter Mon-
ahan and Edward McHale, and as Mc-
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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Cormick & Monahan, he was active in the
construction of many important railroad
structures.

Later he again became associated with
Mr. Smith as a partner, and as Smith &
McCormick they conducted important
operations all over the Eastern and Mid-
dle States. Bridges of their construction
span the Susquehanna, Delaware, Rari-
tan, Connecticut, and other rivers of the
eastern part of the United States, while
contracts for important construction have
been carried to successful completion for
all the important trunk lines east of the
Mississippi. In later years they incorpo-
rated as the Smith-McCormick Company,
Mr. Smith retiring in favor of his sons,
and Mr. McCormick becoming president
of the company, founded on a business
with which he has been identified for
forty-eight years. The bridge of the
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western rail-
road, spanning the Delaware river near
the Delaware Water Gap, is one of the
monuments to the skill and ability of the
company, a work that at the time of its
completion was one of the marvels of
constructive engineering, as it was then
the largest of its kind in the United
States.

From prominence as a contractor, Mr.
McCormick naturally has gravitated to
other lines of business activity. He is a
director of the Northampton National
Bank, of Easton, and has other large in-
terests. His peculiar ability, however,
was the faculty of handling large forces
of workmen in a manner that earned their
good-will and in directing their energies
so that the best results were obtained.
He has ever been the man of energy but
with the years he has surrendered the
heavier burdens of business and in com-
fort and ease is enjoying the fruits of his
years of activity and eflfort. He possesses
a wealth of friends, is genial, generous



and charitable, a man whom all respect,
and one whom everybody likes.

In politics he is a Democrat, and runs
true to the traditions of his race in his
love and interest in civic affairs. He is
a member of St. Bernard's Roman Cath-
olic Church, and a liberal supporter of
its varied departments of service.

Mr. McCormick married, at Brooklyn,
New York, in 1876, Anna Byrne, daugh-
ter of John Byrne, of Newtown, County
Longford, Ireland. They are the parents
of four children : Zelia, born in 1877, and
died at the age of four years and nine
months; Thomas (2), died in 1914; James
S., engaged with his father in the con-
tracting business, and a member of the
Smith-McCormick Company ; Emily,
married Dr. Morganstern, a practicing
physician of Easton.



LEES, Henry,

Prominent Bnsineis Man.

For over half a century Henry Lees, of
Plymouth, has been a resident of that
town, and in point of usefulness no native
son has a prouder record. His residence
in Plymouth has been continuous since
1862, with the exception of four years
spent in the gold mines of Montana. Dur-
ing the years since his return from the
west he has been continuously engaged
in business, and no worthy enterprise has
ever failed to receive his support if the
advancement of Plymouth's interests was
its object. Now president of the First
National Bank, of Plymouth, he has prac-
tically retired from active participation in
other lines and devotes himself to the en-
joyments so richly deserved. Not alone
have Plymouth's business interests felt
the touch of his strong hand, but church
and charity have always received his gen-
erous support. In fact, there is no inter-
est of the city but has benefited by his



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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



generous, whole-hearted activity, and no
man has more thoroughly gained the re-
spect of his community.

Henry Lees was born in Somercotes,
Nottinghamshire, England, February 14,
1841, son of George and Anna (Ashley)
Lees, both of English birth and ancestry.
He was educated and grew to manhood in
his native land, but upon attaining his
majority in 1862 came to the United
States, locating in Plymouth, Pennsyl-
vania, where he engaged in coal mining.
Later he went to the State of Montana
and for four years worked in the gold
mines in the vicinity of Helena. He had
accumulated some capital from his earn-
ings and at the end of five years returned
to Plymouth and opened a gentleman's
clothing and merchant tailoring establish-
ment. He prospered abundantly, built up
a large business, and for thirty-one years
remained in the same field, becoming the
leader in his particular line. During these
years he acquired other large interests
and as stockholder and official was inter-
ested in every worthy Plymouth enter-
prise, street railroads, water works, fac-
tories, and the like. In 1905 he was
elected a director of the First National
Bank, of Plymouth, was for several years
its vice-president, and in 1914 was elected
president. He developed unusually strong
qualities as a business man, but could the
mainspring of his character be named, it
would be integrity. He won respect and
confidence by his straightforward meth-
ods, and with confidence established suc-
cess was assured. His rise in life has been
earned step by step, not by a lucky turn
-of the wheel of fortune, but industry and
constant willingness to accept an oppor-
tunity playing an important part.

Mr. Lees is a devoted member of the
Methodist Episcopal church, and for fifty
years has been a member of the Plymouth
congregation, serving as superintendent
of the Sunday school for twenty-five



years, and is now president of the board
of trustees. His purse and his business
experience have been freely given to the
church of his love, and the general chari-
table and philanthropic institutions of the
borough have likewise profited through
his broad-minded outlook on life. In poli-
tics he is an Independent, not bound by
party ties, but an earnest supporter of
men and measures that accord with his
ideas of fitness, independence not mean-
ing for him indifference. He is a mem-
ber of the Masonic order, affiliated with
Plymouth Lodge, No. 332, Free and Ac-
cepted Masons, and Wyoming Valley
Chapter, No. 214, Royal Arch Masons,
tie is an interested member of the Wyo-
.ning Historical and Geological Society,
and of other bodies of local importance.

Mr. Lees married, January 25, 1872,
Lorinda Davenport, born in Plymouth,
October 12, 1838, died December 19, 1913,
daughter of Oliver and Lydia (Ransom)
Davenport, a descendant of Captain Sam-
uel Ransom, a gallant officer of the Revo-
lution who gave up his life at the battle
of Wyoming.

Dr. Rush Oliver Lees, only child of
Henry and Lorinda (Davenport) Lees,
was born in Plymouth, Pennsylvania, De-
cember 15, 1873. He obtained his pre-
paratory education in the public schools
and Wyoming Seminary, chose medicine
is his profession, and after a full course
m the medical department of Harvard
University was graduated M. D. He
spent the six months following his gradu-
ation in the Massachusetts General Hos-
pital, then for one and one-half years was
resident physician of the Pittston General
Hospital, Pittston, Pennsylvania. Jour-
neying abroad for two years he pursued
a course of study in Vienna under the
great specialist. Dr. Lorenz, and pre-
pared for special practice. On his return
to the United States he located in Utica,
New York, where he has won renown as



2393



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



a specialist in diseases of the nose, eye,
,ear and throat. His skill and authorita-
tive knowledge have gained him a reputa-
tion more than local, and his devotion to
his profession has been productive of
valuable results. Dr. Lees is married and
has a daughter, Norma Lees.



STIEREN, Edward,

Ophthalmologist, Author.

Dr. Edward Stieren, one of Pitts-
burgh's prominent ophthalmologists, is a
representative of an old Western Penn-
sylvania family which has given many
useful citizens to the Keystone State. The
history of the American branch of the
race is traced below.

Edward Stieren, grandfather of Ed-
ward Stieren, of Pittsburgh, was born in
1802, in Hanover, Germany, and after re-
ceiving the usual preliminary training en-
tered the University of Goettingen, from
which he graduated in 1826, receiving his
degree in medicine. Several years later
the University of Erlangen, in Bavaria,
conferred upon him, the degree of Doctor
of Philosophy. In 1843 Dr. Stieren re-
ceived an appointment from the Russian
government as director of the chemical
works in Poland, and later he entered into
partnership as chief chemist with a num-
ber of capitalists who controlled the
saline springs at Frankenhausen, Thur-
ingia. The object was the extensive man-
ufacture of chemicals, and Dr. Stieren
amassed a considerable fortune which he
subsequently lost by the intriguing of his
partners. In 1850 he emigrated to the
United States taking out his naturaliza-
tion papers six years later, and for twn
years filled the position of superintend-
ing chemist in chemical works at Frank-
ford, near Philadelphia. Subsequently he
went to East Tarentum, now Natrona,
where he inaugurated the soda works as
its first chemist, putting it on a practical



and scientific basis. While thus engaged
he made several important discoveries
which are now in every-day use in com-
mercial chemistry. Dr. Stieren, as his
loss of fortune showed, did not excel as
a business man, his mind being essen-
tially a scientific one. He was a prolific
writer for scientific journals, both domes-
tic and foreign, and compiled several
works on chemistry, the most noted being
his "Chemische Fabrik." Dr. Stieren
married, in 1828, at Salzgitter, Amalia
Pillman,and in 1837 removed to Schoene-
beck, taking a position as chemist in the
extensive chemical works in that town
and presumably retaining it until receiv-
ing his appointment from the Russian
government. On March 27, 1863, Dr.
Stieren passed away. On his tombstone
in Prospect Cemetery, Tarentum, is the
following epitaph : "A Man of Justice,
Truth and Merit, His Faith was : Injure
no one, fear God, walk humbly and be
kind to your fellow creatures."

(II) William, Edward Stieren, son of
Edward and Amalia (Pillman) Stieren
was born May 27, 1836, at Salzgitter, Ger-
many, and married Helen Schenck, whose
ancestral record is appended to this biog-
raphy. He was a manufacturer of scien-
tific instruments and one of Pittsburgh's
most respected and progressive citizens.

(HI) Dr. Edward Stieren, son of Wil-
liam Edward and Helen (Schenck) Stier-
en, was born December 15, 1873, in Pitts-
burgh, and received his education in the
public schools and at the Western Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania, receiving his de-
gree of Bachelor of Science in 1893. He
studied medicine in the Western Penn-
sylvania Medical College (now the Medi-
cal Department of the University of Pitts-
burgh), from which he graduated in 1896.
He afterward did post-graduate work at
Johns Hopkins University, and then spent
a year in Vienna and Berlin, pursuing
special courses of study.



2394





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'^^-^^^r.^tS.



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



On his return home Dr. Stieren estab-
lished himself in Pittsburgh as an oph-
thalmologist, and has ever since foUowcJ
that line of practice, rising steadily into
well deserved prominence and winnii.,
the implicit confidence both of the profes-
sion and the public. He is ophthalmic
surgeon to the Passavant and South Sid
Hospitals, and was, following the Spanish-
American War, Assistant Surgeon in the
Eighteenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Na-
tional Guard. Despite the strenuous de-
mands of his large practice Dr. Stieren's
pen has not been idle. Following is a list
of the articles which he has from time to
time contributed to medical journals :

(1) Oedematous Changes in the Epithelium of
the Cornea in a case of Uveitis following Gonor-
rheal Ophthalmia. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bul-
letin, December, 1898.

(2) A report of two cases of Metastatic Chor-
oiditis occurring in Children following Measles.
Penna. Medical Journal, January, 1900.

(3) A case of Jamaica Ginger Amblyopia.
Ibid, September, 1900.

(4) Tubercular Dacryoadenitis and Conjuncti-
vitis. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, Novem-
ber, 1901.

(5) Gumma of the Ciliary Body. Penna. Medi-
cal Journal, November, 1901.

(6) Syphilis of the Eye. International CHnics,
Vol. HI, 1902.

(7) A case of Phlyctenular Keratitis complica-
ting Small-Pox. Penna. Medical Journal, No-
vember, 1902.

(8) Congenital absence of both Inferior Recti
Muscles. American Medicine, April II, 1903.

(9) Cystadenoma of the Lachrymal Gland.
Transactions American Ophthalmological Society,
Vol. X, II, 323, 1904.

(10) Traumatic Rupture of the Choroid. Jour-
nal of the Association of Military Surgeons of
the United States, 1904.

(11) Acquired Hydrophthalmus. American
Medicine, April 2, 1904.

(12) Removal of the Crystalline Lens in High
Myopia. Penna. Medical Journal, September,
1904.

(13) Carbolic Acid and Ammonia Bums of the
Eye. Ophthalmic Record, November, 1904.

(14) A case of Acquired Cyst of the Conjunc-



tiva containing an Embryonic Tooth-like Struc-
ture. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, Septem-
ber, 1905.

(15) Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus. Penna.
Medical Journal, February, 1906.

(16) Eye Injuries. Ibid, June, 1906.

(17) Hyperopia of 21 diopters simulating My-
opia. Ophthalmic Record, September, 1906.

(18) A study in Atavistic Descent of Con-
genital Cataract through four generations. Ibid,
May, 1907.

(19) The treatment of Ulcer of the Cornea,
Penna. Medical Journal, June, 1907.

(20) Sympathetic Ophthalmia. Ibid, October,
1907.

(21) Surgical interference in Choked Disc.
Ophthalmic Record, March, 1908.

(22) Trachoma. A Social Disease. Penna.
Medical Journal, February, 1909.

{2;^) Double Choked Disc from increased In-
tracranial Pressure. Penna. Medical Journal,
Vol. 14.

(24) Gliosarcoma of Retina with Recurrence in
Antrum qf Highmore. Penna. Medical Journal,
Vol. 17.

(25) Metastatic Choroiditis. Penna. Medical
Journal, Vol. 17.

(26) Enucleation with Transplantation of Fat
into Orbit. Journal A. M. A., Vol. 23.

(27) Blepharochalasis. Trans. Amer. Oph.
Soc, Vol. 13.

(28) Management of Foreign Bodies in Eye
and Orbit. Ophthalmic Record, Vol. 22.

(29) Salvarsan in Ophthalmology. Ophthalmic
Record, Vol. 24.

(30) EHslocation of Lens into Vitreous. Oph-
thalmic Record, VoL 24.

(31) Chemical Burn of Eye from Indelible
Pencil. Ophthalmic Record, Vol. 24.

(32) Glioma of Retina. Report of Three
Cases. Ophthalmic Record, Vol. 19.

(33) The Pupil in Health and Disease. Penna.
Medical Journal, Vol. 15.

(34) Ocular Findings in Hereditary Syphilis.
Ophthalmic Record, Vol. 20.

(35) Pemphigus of the Conjunctiva. Trans.
Amer. Oph. Soc, 1915.

(36) Glaucoma wdth Atrophy of the Iris.
Penna. Medical Journal, Vol. 18.

(37) Congenital Coralliform Cataract. Ibid.

(38) Ectropion. Ibid.

The professional organizations to
which Dr. Stieren belongs include the
American Academy of Opthalmology, the



PA-Voi vii-12



2395



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



American Opthalmological Society, the
American Medical Association, the Asso-
ciation of Military Surgeons of the United
States, the Pennsylvania State Medical
Society and the Allegheny County Med-
ical Society, of which he was at one time
secretary. He is a member and ex-presi-
dent of the College of Physicians and
Surgeons, of Pittsburgh, and a fellow of
the American College of Surgeons.

In politics Dr. Stieren is a Republican,
and has at different times manifested his
public spirit by serving on school boards
and holding other minor ofifices. He be-
longs to the University and Duquesne
Clubs, of Pittsburgh, and the Army and
Navy Club, of New York City, also the
Nu Sigma Nu fraternity. He is a member
of Bellefield Presbyterian Church.

Dr. Stieren married, April 30, 1903, Ra-
chel Robbins, whose ancestral record is
appended to this biography, and they are
the parents of two children : Josephine
Robbins, and Elizabeth May. Mrs. Stier-
en, who is a suffragist, belongs to the
Daughters of the American Revolution
and the Twentieth Century Club, and is
one of the board of managers of the
Young Women's Christian Association of
Pittsburgh.

(The Schenck Line).

Frederick G. Schenck, grandfather of
Mrs. Helen (Schenck) Stieren, was a
wealthy merchant of Glatz, Silesia, Ger-
many, conducting a general merchandise
business which had been established by
his great-grandfather. About 1823 Mr.
Schenck retired from business and re-
moved to Dresden.

(II) Frederick G., son of Frederick G.
Schenck, was born June 2, 1815, in Glatz,
Germany, and was eight years old when
his parents moved to Dresden. In that
city he attended school, afterward enter-
ing an agricultural college from which he
graduated in his nineteenth year. In 1834



he emigrated to the United States, set-
tling in Pittsburgh and working for a
season on a farm, as farmhand, in order
to acquire practical experience in Amer-
ican farming.

In 1835 the United States government
called for volunteers for the army, and
Mr. .Schenck enlisted and was appointed
orderly sergeant. His company received
orders from Washington to proceed to
Texas to check the Mexican invasion, but
on reaching New Orleans their orders
were countermanded. General Sam Hous-
ton, who was commander-in-chief, hav-
ing driven out the Mexicans. While in
New Orleans, Sergeant Schenck nursed
in a hospital, having acquired an interest
in medicine from his brother, who was a
physician. His company was then ordered
to Florida, where there was an uprising
of the Seminole Indians under Osceola,
and one day, while at some distance from
camp on a hunting expedition, he and two
companions were attacked by a party of
Indians. Sergeant Schenck, who was in
a dense thicket, was not discovered by
the savages and remained in concealment
until nightfall, when he hastened back to
camp and reported the killing and scalp^
ing of his companions. When his com-
pany was mustered out of service he went
to Pittsburgh, and soon after obtained a
situation in a general store in Colum-
biana, Ohio. He was soon discovered to
be a man of unusual education, having
command of three languages — German,
English and French — and was requested
to teach in the school, which he did. Dur-
ing his stay in Columbiana he frequently
visited Pittsburgh, but as there were no
railroads and no direct stage communica-
tions between the two places the trip had
to be made on horseback.

About 1840 Mr. Schenck received notice
that his father had died in Germany and
he was requested to return home and get



2396



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



his inheritance. When he came back from
Europe he purchased a farm of one hun-
dred and seventy acres on the Washing-
ton turnpike, five miles from Pittsburgh,
where Greentree borough is now situated.
It was part of a tract of land which had
been purchased from the Indians by
Joseph Henry for a gallon of whiskey.
Mr. Schenck lived on the farm until about
1864, when he sold it and moved to the
city of Pittsburgh. At that time an old
friend of his, Ferdinand Folz, was ap-
pointed internal revenue collector for this
district, and Mr. Schenck was appointed
chief bookkeeper of the collector's office,
a position which he retained during the
collectorships of William Little and
Thomas Davis, when, his health failing,
he was obliged to resign. He was an
extraordinarily good penman, and the
United States Revenue Office in Wash-
ington paid him the high compliment of
stating that his reports were the neatest
and most efficient which they received.
During the Civil War a number of his
German friends organized the Koerner's
Guard, and he was elected first lieutenant
of that company. He affiliated with Solo-
mon's Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons,
of Pittsburgh, was elected twice in suc-
cession to the chair, and for a number of
years served as secretary.

Mr. Schenck married, before returning
to Germany to receive his inheritance,
Helena, daughter of Henry von Olnhau-
sen, and they became the parents of two
children : Frederick Edmund ; and Helen,
mentioned below. Mr. Schenck died at
his home on the bluff, October 7, 1878,
survived by his wife and his son and
daughter.

(HI) Helen, daughter of Frederick G.
and Helena (von Olnhausen) Schenck,
became the wife of William Edward
Stieren, as stated above.



(The Robbins Line).

Moses Robbins, the first ancestor of
record, was born in 1719 and was known
as "captain." He married Keziah Minor,
who was born in 1728.

(II) Brintnell, son of Moses and Ke-
ziah (Minor) Robbins, was born in 1756,
and served as ensign in the patriot army
of the Revolution. Ensign Robbins mar-
ried Mary Boardman, who was born in

1759-

(III) William, son of Brintnell and
Mary (Boardman) Robbins, was born in
1795, and married Agnes Sloan, who was
born in 1801.

(IV) Joseph, son of William and Agnes
(Sloan) Robbins, was born in 1824, and
was a coal operator, residing at Robbins
Station, Westmoreland county, Pennsyl-
vania. He married Margaret Jane Christy
(see Christy line).

(V) Rachel, daughter of Joseph and
Margaret Jane (Christy) Robbins, was
educated at Lake Erie Seminary, Paines-
ville, Ohio, Goucher College, Baltimore,
and the Women's Medical College, Phil-
adelphia, and became the wife of Edward
Stieren, as stated above.

(The Christy Line).

John Christy was a native of Ireland
and in 1766 emigrated to the American
colonies, settling on a farm in Allegheny
county, Pennsylvania. On this farm
which he cleared and improved, he passed
the remainder of his life and it is still
in the possession of his descendants.

(II) Andrew, son of John Christy, was
born on his father's farm, and passed his
life in cultivating his paternal acres. He
married Eliza, daughter of William Eakin,
who was of Irish descent and a pioneer of
Westmoreland county, having settled on
a farm that was patented by John Christy.
Andrew Christy and his wife were the
parents of the following children: Caro-



2397



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



line, married James Cowan ; Amanda,
married the Reverend J. L. Brown;
Mary, married the Reverend Alexander
Marshall; Cyrus, married Martha Sill;
Martha, married William Robbins ; Mar-
garet Jane, mentioned below ; John R.,
married Nancy Robinson ; Sarah, married
Presley Samm. Andrew Christy died on
the homestead. May 6, 1880, in the eighty-
fifth year of his age.

(Ill) Margaret Jane, daughter of An-
drew and Eliza (Eakin) Christy, was
born in 1840, and became the wife of
Joseph Robbins (see Robbins line).



PENTECOST, Alexander J.,

Civil War Veteran, Useful Citizen.