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v.II

1131885



GENEALOGY COLLECTION



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY



3 1833 01333 6489



Digitized by the Internet Arciiive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/storyofhutchinso02hutc




-KJIIN \V. I.L ICII 1 NSdN. ls:i,-,— (|i. 1)



STORY



THE HUTCHINSONS

(TRIBE OF JESSE)
BY

JOHN WALLACE HUTCHINSON



Compiled and Edited by
CHARLES E. MANN

W'itli (111 1 lit rcdiirtioii hy

FREDERICK D O U Ci L A S S



VOLUME II



BOSTON

LEE AND SHEl'ARD, PUBLISHERS

No. 10 Milk Street

1896



CoPYRir.HT, 1896, BY LeK AND SlIEPARD

A II rights reserved



Story of thk iruxriiiNsoNS



TYPOGRAPHY AND PRCSSWORK

BY S. J. PARKHILL & CO
BOSTON



1131383



CONTENTS OF VOL. II.






Page
CHAPTER I. — Crlsadixg for Temperanx'e, 1870-1876 . . 1
Cooper Institute meetings — Horace Greeley speaks — Wni.
H. Burleigli — Steplien ^Merritt — Matthew Hale Smitli —
Abby goes to Florida — Dining with General Howard — A triji
South — "Don't Stay Away " — An unreconstructed planter —
Experience with General Lee — Southern cities do not take
kindly to the Hutcliinsons — "John Brown's Body " — C. E. P.
Bancroft — Henry's peculiar pliotograph — The Fisk Univer-
sity singers — John suggests that they take the road — Rev.
E. H. Pratt — Rev. Thomas K. Beecher and his cider — Chap-
lain Yard again — The unique Talmage — Concert advertised
at a funeral — Viola sings "Your Mission" — Antoinette Ster-
ling — Henry Ward Beecher and Nast — Carpenter's great
painting — "Give us {hie) sutliin lively" — Daisy Cottage
going up — Rev. J. Hyatt Smith — Two concerts in legislative
chambers — Kate Hutchinson — Rev. "Wm. Merely Punslion —
General Butler talking for temperance — Zerah C. Whipple —
Charles W. Sohier — Susan B. Anthony eulogizes the Hutcliin-
sons — Henry Wilson and woman suffrage — A talk witli
President Grant — Chase's prophecy — At Barbara Fretchie's
home — Singing the " Star-Sjiangled Banner"' over Francis
Scott Key's grave — An evening with General Sherman —
W^ashington's temperance crusade — Entertained bv Grace
Greenwood — Visiting Vinnie Ream — "The Blue and the
Gray" — Singing tlie song to Alexander H. Stephens — Dr.
IMary Walker — Concerts at Richmond — Abby in Eurojie —
Gough raising chickens — At John P. Hale's home — Life in
New York — "Where is Heaven? " — Two temi^erance soci-
eties formed — A great anti-slavery anniversary at Philadel-
phia — Vice-President Wilson and reconstruction — Judge
Jonas Hutchinson — Henry with the Camilla Urso troupe —
At the Centennial — All tlie family sing — John Wanamaker
— Singing for Bishop Newman — The Hayes election — John's
proposition for settlement — ^Vt the White House.



IV CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

Pi.ge
CIIAl'TKH II. — Acuoss the Coxtixkxt, 1877-1888 ... 08
Sinyiiiii in Chicago — Uut'us Blaiichard — Lillie C. Philliiis —
Tlio lliiglic'S Brothers — Ik-nry rejoins the company — Great
successes — A mishap in Jersey City — Trans-continental ex-
periences — In San Francisco — A tribute to Jesse — Kev. I.N.
Kallocli — Aihi C. Bowles — Henry's son, Jack, born — Josepli
Cook — TIk' Vosemite ciiapcl — At San Diego — Judson seri-
ously ill — BdiukI fur < )re,uon — A touch of sea-sickness —
General Howard's welcome — John takes the "shingles" —
Over the California mountains — General Grant's great ban-
quet — Rev. L. 1). Mansfield — (len. John Bidwell — A call
from Denis Kearney — Hay ward Hutchinson — " I'nder the
Ice" — Back to Lynn — Jesse Ilarriman — Kev. Sanmel Ever-
ett — Asa sells John his interest in High Kock — Shall the
rock be a public ])ark? — A ghost story — The Hawkes family

— Henry appointed a signal officer — In "Purgatory" —
David gets a present — The McGibeney family — " Wliich Way
is Your ]\Iusket A-p'intin' To-day "? " — Abby foretells Garfield's
election — Death of David — Death of Phoda — At Emerson's
funeral — Little Jesse dies — Joshua's death — A trip to Santa
Fe' — Among the cliff dwellings — In Hutchinson once more —
Abby, Asa's daughter, dies — At Wendell Phillips's funeral —
Death of Henry — Terrace Lodge built — Asa dies — A land-
lord's perplexities — At Asa's grave — At Beecher's funeral —
Emma Sheridan Frye — Rebecca Moore's visit — Fanny's
death.

CHAPTER III. — LooKixG towaki.s Suxskt, 1888-18!»4 . . 152
A reunionof pioneer Abolitionists — Harrison's inauguration —
Guest of Fred. Douglass — "Are you Harrison's grandfather? "

— Getting a housekeeper — S. F. Smith — Story of " America "

— A visit to Whittier — Lynn's great lire — "The People's Ad-
vent" — Felicitations to "Susan" — The seventieth birthday
party — Dr. Miner and his bald head — At the Republican
national convention — Hale's statue dedicated — Death of
Whittier — Abby and John's last song at the funeral — Abby's
death — Singing at Whittier's memorial services — At General
Butler's fuiUTal — The Danvers anti-slaverv nu'cting — Off to
the World's Fair — Depew's tribute to John — " Ho, for Califor-
nia" — (ieneral Miles — With Douglass in the Hayti building

— New Hampshire Day — Facing 500,(K)0 people — Mrs. Isa-
bella Beecher Hooker — Rev. Mr. Morgan's gospel wagon — A
visit to Helen M. (iougar — Reunion of Forty-niners — "Chi-
cago Dav " — Minnesota Dav — Manhattan Dav — Ringing the



CONTEXTS OF VOL. IT. V

Page
Columbia liberty bell — Carter Harrison's last speech — John's
tribute to his memory — Scaring an Indian with war-whoops —
The last song on the grounds — "Old Hutch" — Introducing
Latimer to a Boston audience — The Milford centennial —
Birtliday of author of "Kathleen ^lavourneen" — The Bryant
centennial — " After All " — A reception to Xeal Dow.

CHAPTER IV. — An Old-Time Yankee Family . . . 2o4

Garrison's tribute to the "Tribe of Jesse" — Little Jesse —
His death — David — " Noise is not music " — David's family —
Noah — Mary — Andrew — Baptised by father — Zephaniah, an
early pioneer — Caleb and Joshua, twin songsters — "Wake
up! " — The twin buglers — A country music-teacher — Joshua's
man3' concerts — Jesse, the Bard of High Rock — A happy
printer boy — "In perfect rf/s-order" — Jesse's anti-slavery
songs — Rogers writes of Jesse — A circular letter from Cali-
fornia — "Brothers, I hear your voices sweet" — Benjamin, a
member of the "iioine guard" — .ludson — His W(jnderful
voice — His ventriloquial powers — A master of satire — Trib-
utes to his memory — Asa, the youngest son — A heavy liass —
Notices of his death — llhoda, the sister of the " Home Branch "

— Elizabeth — Abby, the sixteenth child — Her wonderful con-
cert experience — Frank B. Carpenter's sketch of her life —
Her literary instinct — A friend of reform — Some impromptu
lines — < )ther literary work.

CHAPTER V. — American Songs and their Interpretation . 280
This a record of the public, not private life of the Hutchinsons

— Their industry, devotion and hopefulness — " American sing-
ers " — What is the true " American folk-song? " — The Hutch-
insons' songs as examples — President Emerson's view — How
the family programmes were made up — " Topsy " — The
family rehearsals — Judson knew when he had enough —
John's motto: " Spero ileloria " — Accompaniments — John's
celebrated melodeon — ^Vbby cannot sing with it — "The
Maniac" — The family force(\ to compose its own music —
How the "Old Granite State" was written and brought out —
Joint composition — Judson's songs — Asa a composer, but not
a poet — Caleb's " Millennium " — John's songs — Abby's music.

APPENDIX 311

The Hutchinsons in Europe — Notice from the Binningham
Journal — The London Morning Chronicle — Singing of the
"Home Branch " in 1840 — At Sing Sing as told in the Tribune



VI CONTENTS OF VOL. 11.

Page

— Till.' Henry Clay iiicidunt, 184<> — Coiniiiunts })y liarrison in
the Liberator — .Vnotlier comment — Brother .lesse replies —
Garrison's response — Tlie " Ilutchinsons' repentance " —
Henry Clapp, Jr., in the Pioneer — The Chronotijpe's strictures
on the "She Kinah " — The Pioneer again — The bull-frogs
and the sun — Tho Freeinan's views — Newark Reformer takes
a hand — Garrison's final shot — Dotiglass pours oil on the
waters — Letters and reminiscences — John G. Whittier — Gen-
eral Sherman — Thurlow Weed — General Howard — Gerritt
Smith — Parker I'illslniry — Kev. Brooke Herford — Dickens's
comment on the " Bridge of Siglis " — Rebecca Moore — Rev.
R. H. Howard — Frederick Douglass — Ex-Governor Root —
William Lloyd Garrison — W. Augustus Fonda — J. S. Bliss

— Kev. J. B. Davis — J.N. Stearns — George W. Latimer —
C. G. Foster — (Jeorge M. Dutcher — Brother Joshua —Seven-
tieth Birthday Letters — A. P. Putnam — Parker Pillsbury —
Rev. M. J. Savage — John H. Hunt— John J. Wallace — E. R.
Brown — Grace Greenwood — Wendell Phillips Garrison —
Frank B. Carpenter — John Mills — Frances E. Willard —
E. E. Jolmson — S. F. Smith — Charles Buffum —Edward
Bellamy —J. t^. A. Brackett— Wm. M. Springer — Rev. S. B.
Stewart — Rev. Charles G. Ames — Sister Abby's letters —
The Portland riot — Abby in Naples — Abby's poems.



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



VOL. II.



John W. Hutchinsox, 1895
Tent at Martha's Vineyahd
The Hutchinsons in 1872
Tower Cottage, High Rock .
JuDSON Whittier Hutchinson
The Tribe op John, 1878
John, Henry and Judson Hutchinson
At the Cliff Dwellings
Camping in Chapillo Canon .
The Hutchinson Pioneers
Henry J. Hutchinson
John and his Grandchildren
Henry- D. Campbell
Kate Hutchinson Campbell
Cleveland J. Campbell .
The Dearborn Quartet, Tribe of Judson
William Lloyd Garrison
The Tribe of Noah
Judson J. Hutchinson
John and Family-
Asa and Family-
Abby- Hutchinson Patton, 1892
Ludlow Patton
Mother of the Hutchinsons
The Original Quartet (old cut)



Fronti



Page

apiece

14

25

40

71

72

109

114

117

122

127

132

106

200

210

219

234

238

255

262

203

270

274

277

294



History of the Hutchinson Family



CHAPTER I.

CRUSADING FOR TEMPERANCE.

" Unite, unite, to battle for right.

The war has just begun;
Through all the land let the cry go out,

' We've need of more earnest ones.'
Brave hearts and stout,
King Alcohol we have to rout,

Come, join the temperance band."

We opened 1870 witli many important engagements
on our books. On the 23(1 of January I carried through
a monster temperance meeting in the Cooper Institute,
New York. It was followed by another on the follow-
ing Sabbath in the same place. Horace Gi'eeley agreed
to speak at the first, but was unable to be there. There
were thirty-five hundred peoj^le present. Wm. H.
Burleigh repeated his great poem, " Delirium Tremens."
He became so excited that he never got over it. Not
long after, I sang at his funeral. Rev. Stephen Merritt
spoke, and I gave a twenty-minute address. On the
following Sunday the Institute was jammed again.
Greeley spoke. One of the leading Sons of Temperance
took the matter up, and continued tlie meetings after-
wards. ]Matthew Hale Smith, "Burleigh," of the
Boston Journal, said to me, '• John, don't you let them



1 THE HUTCHIXSOX FAMILY.

cheat you out of tlie credit of tliis, for you were the
original designer of these meetings." But I couhl not
stay in tlie city, and was ghad to have any person take
them up who wouhl continue tliem as free temperance
meetings. It needed some organization to hack the
movement up. Following is the New Ym-k T'nne><' re-
port of the meeting on the 23d :

" A jroodly audience assenihlc'fl in tlie larjie liall of the ('(ihjht Insti-
tute last evening, to listen to the advocates of the teiuiieranee cause.
Every seat was taken before the nieeting opened.

"The meeting oi)eneil witli an 'invocation' by the Hutchinson
Family. A prayer was then offered by Kev. Stephen Merritt, Jr., who
presided, after which Mr. E. Z. C. Judson (Ned Buntline), was intro-
duced. He said that a soldier, who was for a long time on the wrong
side of the question, must never shrink from standing up for the right.
He has noticed a convention of rumsellers, called to meet on this day, to
devise means to secure a repeal of the excise law. The temperance
movement meant mercy to liumanity and justice to God. Tlie excise
law would be repealed because the temperance men of Kew York folded
their arms during the last campaign. The time has come for every
Christian man to come out for prohibition. He had never written a line
for woman's rights or in favor of woman's wearing anything but crino-
line, but knowing how much women were sufferers from alcohol and its
intiuences, he wislied t'very woman could have a vote and sweej) it from
the country.

" After a tiinperance song by the Hutchinsons, Mr. Wm. 11. Burleigh
recited an original poem entitled 'Delirium Tremens.' lie exi)Iained
tliat his sketeli was drawn from actual life. The poem portrayed the
sufferings of a man under the influence of an attack of delirium
tremens.

"The Hutchinson Family sang 'Marching On,' the audience joining
in the chorus. Mr. John W. Hutchinson tlien read an address. He said
among otluT things that tlie number of crimes committed under the in-
liuence of drink in New York was ;]0,114; the sheriff of Albany said the
proportion of crimes traceable to intoxication was five-tenths; the
sheriff of Niagara County said three-fourths; the police justice of
Buffalo said nine-tenths. Connecticut reports 90 out of every 100
crimes committed under the influence of liquor. Massachusetts had in
one year committed I'J.OOO criminals to her prisons, and reported 0,000
made such by inteiii])erancc. The address vtas largely made up of ])er-
sonal observations. In Kgypt, 111., the candidate for oflice rnhanced liis



CRUSADING FOR TEMPERANCE. 6

chances of election by l)eing fonml drunk in tlie streets. The speaker
alluded to the inauguration in lS(i5 as an instance of drunkenness in
lugh ])laces. He spoke of Jolmson and Ins 'tipsy retinue' as he 'swung
around the circle.' He tlu'U dwelt on the woman's rights question, and
demanded the ballot for woman, and thought she would purify it.
[Faint applause and hisses.] Every woman would vote to close tlie
dramshops. God grant that she may obtain the right to do so! Vot-
ing would be done in a well-carpeted hall or church, and men an<l women
would approach, arm-in-arm, with heads uncovered, and deposit the
sacred ballot. He read an original poem entitled ' Speed the Temper-
ance Cause,' and mentioned that his mother's three sisters were blessed
with sots for husbands. < )ne of them was a brother to Theodore Parker,
and was said to excel him in brilliancy of intellect. He then read an-
other poem for prohibition and opposing 'license.'

"Kev. Mr. Merritt wanted every one to unite in banisliing tlie rum
power from the land. A collection of forty-seven dollars was taken up.
Rev. T. T. Kendrick read an essay on tlie rise and progress of intemper-
ance, dwelling particularly on tlie way it affected women."

The following week the report of Mr. Greeley's ad-
dress said that he reviewed the past fifty years of
struggle for temperance and summed up what had heen
accomplished in that time. His judgment was tliat the
so-called "permissive licjuor law "was the right thing
for present needs. Tlie best part of the country Avill
always he able to do away A\-ith the liquor traffic. Let
the people vote on the question whether they want
liquor or not. He did not expect that the temperance
cause would be triumphant innnediately. No law will
stop men's drinking, but it will remove temptation from
the face and eyes of a great many. New York averaged
more than three hundred nuu'ders in every year, and not
more than one-tenth of them are committed by men who
do not drink. Liquor should l)e treated just as a poison.
Temperance, in its effects, is the best argument for
temperance as a principle.

On the first of January, 1870, Sister Abby left New
York for Florida. After sinq-ing a month longer for the



4 THE HUTCHINSON FAMILY.

Literary Bureau in New York State, ^ve made a .short
tour in Vermont, and one even shorter in Khode Is-
land. Then we received a pressing invitation from
Al)by to come to Florida, and early in March the trio,
Henry, Spinning and I, started for Jacksonville. AVe
stopped in Washington, and wliile there I dined with
General Oliver O. Howard, then in charge of the Freed-
men's Bureau, and he kindly gave me many letters of
introduction to various people in the South. We
reached Savannah on the 22d, and Jacksonville on the
25th. Passing througli Charleston, S. C, I called on
the mayor, Gilbert P. Pillsbury. He was a Northern
man, in other words, a "" Carpet-Bagger," and told me
that since his appointment he had received no courtesies
from the aristocracy in the cit}'. He was an ostracized
man, and felt it necessary to keep his body-servant with
him all the time. He had had his first invitation to l)e
present at a society event in an official capacity for that
very evening. " But," said he, "• I shall take my l)ody-
servant with me."

Abby was at ^Magnolia, and the day following our
arrival at Jacksonville, we set out for that delightful
place, passing l)y the oi'ange grove of Harriet Beecher
Stowe on our way. The next few Aveeks Avere passed
in singing in tlie towns along St. .John's Pivcr, at Jack-
sonville, St. Augustine and (nherpoiuis. We went to
picnics and other social gatherings, had oranges in
abundance, and enjoyed the society of every one we
saw. Abby had become Aery much interested in the
colored people and took us to their meetings, where Ave
found much to delight us in their songs. Some of them
Ave learned and brought back A\hh us and they so pleased
our audiences that Ave i)ublislied them. Notably among
these was '' ^Ia' Jesus Savs there's Boom EnouLi'li :



CRUSADING FOR TEMPERANCE. O

" ^ly Jesus sajs there's room enough,

My Jesus says there's room enough,

My Jesus says there's room enough,

Don't stay away.

"Myljrother, (h)n't stay away,
My sister, don't stay away.
My ehler, don't stay away,
Until the judgment (hiy.

" There's a starry crown in Heaven for you, etc.,
Don't stay away.

"There's a robe of white in lieaven for you, etc.,
Don't stay away."

Tliis song set to one of the simple and });itlietic melo-
dies of the freedmen, Ijeeame very popnlar, was taken
up after being heard in onr concerts and is still often
sung in gospel meetings and similar services in the
North.

We were very much interested in the great cathedral
at St. Augustine. Here we met an old friend, Mr.
Atwood. We first met him in London, and found him
a man of strong character, able and agreeable. In
1849 he chartered a large vessel, filled it with goods,
and shipped for California. lie was A'S'recked, and his
family and all on board perished except himself. lie
was landed on a strange island, Avith everything lie pos-
sessed gone except a cat. By the aid of the consul he
was sent to New York. There we met him at Dr.
Wellington's hydropatliic establishment. Next Ave met
him at Washington at the opening of the war, and he
aided us in getting up a great concert in the Smitliso-
nian Institution. At this meetino- in St. Auo-ustine we
fonnd him married again, Avith a pleasant AA'ife and
family. Willi his characteristic friendliness lie had in-
terested himself in o-ettiim- out a laro-e audience to our



6 THE HDTCHINS(^X FAMILY.

concert, and it was so successful tluit we went ao-aiu
and gave another.

Wc had t^uite an idea of buying an orange grove, but
after investigating, found it would be an unnecessary
cai'e, and gave it up. Before our coming, Abbv had
made the ac(]^uaintance of an old gentleman, C'a^itain
May, whose son had l)een on the staff uf General Lee.
He invited us to his plantation, and accompanied l)y
Abby, we went. It was a desolate-looking place, hav-
ing been stormed b}' Union gunboats during the war.
A camion-ball could be seen, partly embedded in the
frame of the house. The fiery old gentleman would
not let it be removed. He was quite unreconstructed,
and very Avi-athy against the North. He, with his wife,
told me the story of their experiences during the war.
We saw a dozen or more of his former slaves about the
premises, trying to eke out a miserable existence. The
only income from the place Avas from his orange grove.
I referred to the foolishness of war. The old man at
once roused up against the North. Thinking a refer-
ence to religious things might subdue his strong feeling,
I remarked that my father and mother were Ixith IJap-
tists. They smiled. They Avere Baptists, too. and the
conversation took a pleasanter turn.

]\Iany years before I had attended, in J^)rtland. Me.,
an exhibition by graduates of a female seminary.
Among the pupils was a young lady with a peculiar
swelling on her face. When she spoke, her recitation
was Poe's " Bells." What might have been called lier
disfigurement seemed to vanish from the mind, slie
repeated her lines with so much spirit and soul. A\'hile
on this trip we were invited to a sail, by a Maine man
who had come to Fhirida in his yacht. On board I
found this very lady, whom I had never seen since that



CRUSADING FOR TEMPERANCE. 7

seminaiy exhibition. I was pleased enough to meet
her. She soon after attended a concert we gave. Dur-
ino- the evenino- I announced that I wonkl recite Poe's
'•' Kaven." At one point in the recitation a line dropped
out of my mind, and 1 paused in dismay. Instantly the
lady spoke the word 1 had forgotten.

At Green Cove, Fla., we were giving a concert, and
I was singing '^ The Fatherhood of God and the Broth-
erliood of Man." AVlien I sung the lines,

" Coliinibia's sons must lead tlu' way, raise liigli the lofty standard
Of equal rights they now maintain, tliough once to slavery pandered,"

two settees' full of Southerners arose and indignantly
brushed their way out. Our equanimity survived this
shock.

While in ^Magnolia we made a habit of going to the
steamboat landing and welcoming coming and speeding
parting guests with song. Therefore it did not seem
strange when we took our departure for the North
from Jacksonville to see a large concourse of friends
at the landing. We soon found that there were two
sets of people in the gathering, and that one of them
came not to bid farewell to us, but to General Robert
E. Lee, who was also a passenger of the steamer Nick
Kinij. Several of his former retinue of army officers
were with him. He stood on the deck, apparently pre-
occupied. We sang '' Uncle Sam's Farm,*' '• Come, let
us part with lightsome heart," and " Good-by, l)roth-
ers, good-by sisters." Soon one of General Lee's staff
introduced me to him. ITe smilingly remarked tliat
our honors in the farewell were equal. Finall}' amid
hearty cheers, we left the pier. We sailed Noi'th by
the inland route. Soon we gathered at the dining
table. Lee sat at the head of the tal)le, I at tlie other



8 THE HUTCHIXSOX FAMILY.

end. During- the meal, lie courteously sent me his
wine. This embariussetl nie. It was against my con-
victions of right to drink, and I did not, hut I was
afraid he would think I declined because I A\ould not
drink Avith a rel)cl. The General Avas ill, and kejjt so
close to his cabin that I was unable to have the familiar
chat with him that I desired. I was hopeful the report
of such an interview might get into the papers and so
aid in a small way in promoting a better feeling be-
tween North and South, besides making our reception
pleasanter at such Southern towns as we visited. He
was a handsome man, and notwithstanding my disap-
pointment in the particular matter of which I have
spoken, I had several conversations with him on gen-
eral to})ics. At one point on our journey Ave came to a
landing Avhere there Avas a mixture of Korthern and
Southern people, gathered out of curiosity to see Lee.
We struck up a song on deck. They cheered us.
Then some one called for three cheers for Lee. They
Avere given. Immediately Henry shouted " Three



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