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white beard and hair made him a conspicuous figure among the others
on the stage.

"]\rusic was furnisluMl by a chorus accompanit'd by an organ, a bass-
viol, viiilin and clarionet and all led by an energetic young woman of
tiie town. The most interesting musical feature of the day, however,
was the singing of John \V. Hutchinson, the only living member of the
famous Hutchinson Family which did notable work all throutzh the
North before the war in tlieir songs for frei'dom.

" ' They wa'n't like the singers we have nowadays,' said an old lady
behind nie. ' They were natural singers.'

" Mr. Hutchinson's long gray beard and white hair that fell down
about his shoulders made him a i)ictures([ue tigure and proclaimed his
age, yet he was full of vigor and his old-fashioned songs had a feeling
and simplicity aliont them that touched his hearers and aroused their
enthusiasm.

"The chii't' address of the day was made by Fdwin E. Brown, a Cum-
iiiington boy, who now lives in the West. What he said was e.xci'lleut
in thought, and was both seriously suggestive ami entertaining.

"I'rohalily tlie man of all others on the platform in wliom interest



LOOIvINC! TOWAUI) SLNSET. 225

centered was John Howard Bryant, the poet's only living brother. He
iiail readied the age of eighty-seven, 3'et his figure was still npriglit and
his voice was strong and sonorous, and lie showed an entliusiasm in the
exercises that was remarkably youthfid. He read two musical and
thoughtful poems of his own compcjsition, one of which was written
within a few weeks.

"Another guest whom the audience seemed to regard with much
affection was Julia Ward Hov.e. She read an original jjoem and her
'Battle Hyuui of the Republic' was sung as a solo, in which all the
company present joined in the chorus.

"Among the afternoon addresses was one by John Ijigelow, who-e
face and gray hair aud tall, broad-shouldered figure reiiiiudt'il one of
George William Curtis; one li\' Charles Dudley Warner, full of the
charm of mingled sense and humor; one liy the poet-preacher John
AVhite Chadwick, which was a ])articidarly fine characterization of
Bryant's genius, and the only adilress with this theme of the day that
was delicately appreciative and at the same time judicial; one I)y
Charles Eliot Xorton that was felicitous ami delightful, as what he says
always is; and one by l'resi<k'tit (i. Stanh'y Hall, of Clark University,
which was an energetic plea for scie^nce and showed the close relation
of science to both pcjctry and religion.

" It was nearly five o'clock when the last speech had been made and
the last song had been sung. The crowd on the benches had already
thinned; for some had to make long drives to the railroad towns in the
valley, and some had heard enough, and some were farmers who must
get home to milk the cows aud attend to the other evening work. Now,
the others dispersed, too, and one of the most notable gatherings these
hills have ever known was brought to an end."

All tlie papers treated me very khidly 011 this occa-
sion. 'J'lie Sprinfijit'hl Rep}(h]i<-<iii said:

" Across, next to the Cunnnington eliorus and the instruments, sat a
striking old man, with bis long white hair lirushed straight back all
around his lirow, without a part, and his long white beanl beneath keen
and alert eyes — this was .John W. Hutchinson, whose voice is as good
as when the Hutchinsons sang anti-slavery and woman's-rights songs,
long ago."

Tlie Ddilji JLinipxlii i-i' <jr<iz<'ft(' remarked :

•' lie looked like some ancient man of gi-nius, with long, (lowing white
locks and countenance beaming with intelligence and manlv vii;(}r.



220 THE urTcniNsox family.

And wlicii lie raiscil his \(iicc in sdiii;, ln' rose to licavenly hcij^lits and
carried liis iuidiiiuL' with liini. His voice is still wonderful, his uplift-
ing ])o\ver a marvel"

The IL(iitj)s/ilfc Count y Joarmd inude tliis comment:

"Cons])icnons anion.LC all were the fignres of John AV. lluteliinsoii,
Parke Ci()(l\\ in, -lohn liigelow and the brotiier of the poet, Jolin lio.vard
Bryant. 'I'Ik' former witli his flowing white locks and beard, his deep,
wliite collar turned down over his coat, and his expressive, kindly face,
attracting the sympathy of all present, seemed the endjodied spirit of
the occasion. lie seemed for all the world like an ancient Druid in
his temple fashioned by nature.

"The hearts of many hundreds were often stirred to strange emotions
during the day, but surely never more than during the singing of the
'Old Granite State' by Mr. Hutchinson. As though inspired by his
theme, the venerable man lifted his clear, rich voice until the fine lines
of the old song could be heard in the farthest corner of the auditorium,
dominating even the desecrating screech of a peddler's squeaker. Eyes
glistened as the old man sang and a tumult of applause followed him to
his seat."

On my way home from Cummington I went to
Providence, and on the following- Sunday evening-
sang several songs at the vesjjer service in the Ply-
mouth Congregational Church, of which my nephew
and namesake, John W. Hutchinson, is an official mem-
her. A few Aveeks later I gave a concert in the same
chiu'cli.

Earl}' in September I went to Saco and sang at a
regimental reunion of two ]\Iaine organizations. Two
days later I sang at '* Greenacre," the sunnner assembly
held in Eliot, Me., there l)eing a reception to Gen. Neal
Dow, the ''father of prohibition" (now ninety 3'ears
ohl) and myself. I sang several songs and was finely
received. Charlotte J. Thomas, my i)hilantliropic Port-
land friend, was also a speaker during the afternoon.
I returned to Lynn just in time to sing at the J.rabor
Day celebration. The remainder oL" the year was prin-



LOOKING TOWARD SUNSET. 227

cipally spent in attending to home cares and literary
labors, with occasional concerts in Ljnn and vicinity.

Tlie year 1895 was very much like others of m^-
later life. Tliere were many pleasant experiences, Aviili
friends hei'e and there, and more partings from tlie tried
and true souls with wliom the Hutchinsf)ns have Ijcen
closely affiliated in their life-work. On Thursday,
January 3d, I attended tlie second inauguration of
Governor Greenhalge in the magnificent new hall of
representatives at the Massachusetts State House, many
pleasant references to me appearing in the papers of
that date.

On February Od Theodore 1). Wehl died at his home in
Hj'de Park. Tliis history contains many references to
him, and it may be imagined that I took a melancholy
])leasure in attending liis funeral and singing, as he
had requested I should do while on his death-bed. Mr.
"Weld was born in Ham[)t()n, Conn., in 1803, and was
consequently in his ninety-second year. His father was
an Orthodox minister, and the son, after studying in An-
dover Seminary and at Hamilton College, X. Y., in 1833,
Avent to Lane Theological Seminary at Cincinnati with
a view of entering the ministry. Lyman ]>eecher A\'as
its president. A debate on colonization and slavery
lesulted in making tiie entire class, some Southerners
and sons of slaveholdeis. Abolitionists, largely thiough
AVeld's eloquence and reasoning power. The faculty,
alarmed for the popularity of the seminary, forliade the
formation of an anti-slavery society, wliei'eupon the
students withdrew ot masse, many entering the lield as
anti-slavery agents and lecturers. For a time Mv. "Weld
bravely battled with the forces of slavery, receiving his
full share of ba<l eggs and other indignities, when he
boldly made conveits in the enemy's country, but an



228 THE HrTCHIXSOX FAMILY.

affection of the llirn;il put an end to his public speak-
ing. Jn 1838 lie niariied ^liss .Vngelina Grimke, one
of the fanions Soutli Carolina sisters, who were pioneers
lor refoiin. For many years he eonducted a school at
Perth Amboy, K. J., Henr}' and A'iola, my children,
1)eing among liis pu[)ils. For thirty years he lived in
Hyde Park. His funeral Avas held in the Unitarian
chni'ch and -was c(^nducted by Rev. E. E. S. Oso-ood.
Ednah 1). Cheney and William Lloyd Garrison also
spoke.

A little later in Feljruary, Frederick Douglass, who
but a few weeks before liad written the introduction to
this book, died at his home in Washington. Innnedi-
ately on receiving the intelligence, I went to the Capi-
tol city, and on February 25th sang at his funeral —
which was largely attended — at the request of ]Mrs.
Douglass. It was one of the most im[)ressive scenes of
my life. liefore singing I recounted many incidents in
my experience with Douglass, all of which have found
their 2)r()[)er place in this liistory. It was nearly fifty
yeai'S since we had crossed the ocean together on our
famous anti-slaver}- mission to England. I am now
the only survivor of that singing and speaking band.
Douglass Avas alwaN-s my true friend, and I rejoice
that I was allowed to be a participant Avith him in
so many stirring scenes that are a pai't of American
history.

liefore returning Xorth, I A'isited Howard University,
and addressed the students. On March lOlli, in Music
Hall, Poston, there Avas a representation of *• Long-
fellow's Dream," in Avhich I took the part of the aged
])ricst from " Evangeline." On March 20th, at the
Women's Press Club, Mrs. Kate Tamiatt Woods gaA'e
a vivid pa[)er on \\ar days and at the close I sang the



LUOKINC; TOWAUJ) SUNSKT. 229

"Blue and Gi-a\'.*' Pri'\i()us to singing I gave a few
reminiscences of my dead fiit'ud, Douglass.

During this spring, two long-clierislied fiiends passed
away near the old liomestead. .1. \\\ Pillsl)nry, a brother
to Parker Pillsl)ury, and one of the most stauneli fiiends
of anti-shivery in New Hampsliire, died at his lionie in
Milford, and not h)ng after, J^lward D. Povlston, so h)ng
editor of the F<(rnit'r'i< Ciihim't^ (hed at Andierst. T lia\e
several selections from his pen scattered through this
book.

Tlie summer was spent quietly at High Rock, with
occasional visits elsewhere, including another period at
the summer congress at Clreenacre, in Eliot, Me., which
is an extension or continuation of the woi'k of the great
religious congress at the World's Fair.

Early in Septeml)er I determined to take a tri[) to
the great cotton and iiidustrial expjosition at Atlanta,
visiting my grandchildren, tlien with their mother Lil-
lie Hutchinson ^lorgan, and step-fatlier. Rev. Heinv
Morgan, at Portsmouth. A'a., on tlie way. It was a jov
bevond expression to see the manly little fellows again.
A\'ith their parents they had l)een campaigning for
years in the Southwest and on the Pacific coast, and
following my visit tliey went on for one liundivd da\'s
and nights of revival worl-:, rounding them out at At-
lanta. A\'liere for ^\'eeks tliey attracted large audiences.

M\- stav in Portsmouth lasted ten (hns. Tlieu T
went on to .Vllanta, arriving on the day of tlie opening
of the exposition. I neeil not describe in detail an
event so fresli in the minds of my readers. Wy invita-
tion of the management I was present on " Plue and
Gray"' Day. Who can picturt* my tlioughts on that
notable occasion ? To tliink tliat at last tlie man \\ho
had known what it was to be maliu'ued and buffete(t in



230 THE HUTCHINSOX FAMILY.

tlie SdUili. should l)f leciMved Avitli lioiior in its eliief
city, and witness the effects of veconstritction in the
qreat cotton country I It was a ''New Soutli," indeed,
that I saw. And there, to tlie great gathering of Union
aud Confederate sohliers, I sang the song that had so
often in hiter years been a key to open tlie Southern
heart to the Ilutchinsous :

" Tuars and hivv lor the 15hu' ;
Luvo anil trars for the (iray ! "

After visiting the exposition for several daj'S I took
tlie train for Hutchinson, as my final destination, hut
turned aside on the way to visit one of the few of the
living Abolitionists, Cassius M. Chiy, at Kiehniond, Ky.
It has alwavs been Clay's fortune to have a controversy
waging about liim, but I honored him for liis early ad-
herence to the cause I loved, among hostile associations.
He gave me two big watermelons when I departed.

Pattsing in Cliicago for a brief meeting with old
friends, I reached Hutchinson early in October, Avhcre
I attended to a good deal of laisiness which had accu-
mulated in the two years that had passed since my last
visit. I stopped with my nephew, S. G. Anderson.

By November I Avas in New York City. Wlien
Elizalx'tli Cady Stanton celebrated her eightieth birth-
daw I was proud to be one of the guests ; and on the
Sun(hiy following I had the hap})iness of again meeting
Avith the American Temperance Union. The story of
its organization has already been told. I remained in
New York for a long time, attending tt'ni[)erance meet-
ings and similar gatherings and giving many old-time
concerts. On -January 5, 1 BOO, my old fi'icnds of the
American Tempei'ancc Union tendered me a reception
in lionor of my seventy-lifth birthday. From among



LUCKING TOWARD SUNSET. 231

many neAvspaper notices of the occasion, I quote the
following, pul)lislied in one of the city jonnials :

"It was a very Inr.m' iind syiii])atliftic aiulie'iK-e tliat tiatluTC'il in
Chifkurinu- Ilall on Sumlny aftcrnddn tci do Iionor to that vctiTan min-
strel, .Tolni W. Ilntcliinson. Thi- platform was tilk'il with lailii'S and
gentk'nu'n, all anxious to rt-niind their vt'iierahle friend that good deeds
never die. The usual niusieal i)rogramme was inters])ersed with songs
hy Mr. Ilutehinson, who sings witii as much vim and music as many a
nuin half his age.

" In appearance the hero of the day is spare but liealthy, a ruddy
hue on his face being a fitting offset to his long wliite locks and lieard.
Mr. Hutchinson is full of anecdote uf the past, and treated the large
audience in his talks to snatches of song illustrative oi wiiat he was
saying.

"The meeting was called to order by President Bogardus, of the
American 'J"etni)erance Union, w ho said he had received many letters
of regret from old friends of Mr. Hutchinson, who would have been
glad to have been present on this occasion. He did not intend to read
all these communications, as the time would not allow. He, however,
would read one or two. The first was from Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
who regretted her inability to ])e jiresent, but who said many i)leasant
and inspiring things aljout the cau.^e she was engaged in, and the great
help John W. Hutchinson had been to that caii>e. A letter was also
read from Susan B. Anthony with similar regrets. TJie chairman
called ui)on Mr. Hutchinson for a song. He generally had a siiort talk
before singing, and the audience seemed pleased to hear both his speak-
ing and singing.

" .\niong the speakers who addressed the audience none was more elo-
(jueiit and forciljle than I\ev. W . 15. Derrick, D.D., Missionary Secretary
of the ^Vmerican Metliodi^t-I'-iiiscopal Chiu'ch.

" Dr. Derrick said, in ]iart : ' \\'e are gathered here to-day to do
honor to one among the la>.t remaining links that bind us to the ]iast.
If we could draw back the curtain that hides the spirit world to mortal
gaze, it would reveal those noble friends of the anti-slavery move-
ment, who would say, " The world moves."' But let the past be buried.
We live in the jjresent. Four and one-half millions of my people live
in freedom as the result of the efforts of Brother Hutchinson and his
colleagues. We are to-<lay battling with another and wiir>e form of
slavery — the slavery to strong drink. But having subdued one we
will overcome the other. This distinguished gentleman who took ac-
tive part in ridding the coimtry of the disgrace of slavery stands as a
beacon light f)f the world. Tlu' black man may not l>e fully in posses-
sion of his f)olitical rights, but we expect these will come slowly but



232 THE HUTCH INS^oX FAMILY.

surely. To uut linen clran it niu.-t i>as.s tlir(iui;li two washings. During
the last thirty yi'ars the American linen hail heen ])assing through the
first. It has nnw got to go llinnigh the second to come out perfectly
clean. Aliraham l.ineoln was not only a henetit to the negro, hut to
the white man as well, hecause he hreil the American pulpit and un-
shackled the .Vnierican i)ri'ss, giving tlii'm courage to attack the mon-
sti'r. The .\merican Judiciary also ri'ceived backhone and im])etus;
and to-day tlu' hlack man has a status in our courts, rt'cei\ing justice
the same as a white man. The spirit of abolition shall march on until
"Freedom forever and ever" is the watchword of the ^Vnierican Kepub-
lic. The American conscience is all right when properly touched. The
negro will always be found sustaining his vnd in a reform movement.
In tiiost' counties wliere he is allowed to vote upon the local option
qtU'stion they go dry. Every time he gets a chance he casts his vote
against the li(juor traffic'

".Mrs. Lillie Devereaux Blake, President of the New York State Suf-
frage Association, was the next speaker.

" .Airs. Blake said : ' ^Vhen I was a little girl I remember hearing the
songs of the Ilutchinsons, and they made a deep impression on nie. It
w^as not given to me to take any part in the anti-slavery struggle, Init I
am glad that I have lived to see the day when that blot is washed out.
We women ari' not as well off as the blacK man to-day. A cohjred
man can go into a restaurant after dark and get something to eat, but
we women cannot, and I think we white women ought to have equal
rights with oiu" colored brother. Our freedom is not yet won. We are
still in tlu' fight. In INIassachusetts the womtn voted twenty-two to one
in favor of equal suffrage, and the men voted two to one against it.
The part that the singer i)lays is an ini]>ortaut one. In olden time he
taught the lessons of patriotism and liberty. Mr. Iluti'hinson sung for
the freedom of the slave, and also for the freeiloni of our sex.' Mrs.
Blake sjjoke of Wyoming, C'oloi'ado and I'tali as lieing in ad\:ince on
the woman-suffrage question, and exjiressi'd the wish that tlie other
States woidd come up to their altitude.

"^\pologies were given for the absence of liev. .\nna II. Shaw, ]\Irs.
Mary T. Burt and Dr. Collyer.

'■(u'orge T. Downing, a colore(l man, seventy-si.x years old, of New-
port, K. I, lauded Mr. 1 IntehinM)n, and then said the colori'd i)eopIe
should receive more rights than ar*' now accorded them. IK- did not
ask for social reeoLinition, because he thought that should be earned by
tile menilnrs of his own race indixidunlly , and wound up by >aying :
'This great lU'gro Jiroblein has lieen gi vimi liy (iod to this ciumti-y to
solve. \Ve are growing in nund)ers and in inti'lligence, and we want our
rights.'

"The Bev. C. II. .Mead was the next s]n-aker, and hlled his time with



LOOKING TOWARD SUNSET. 233

reminiscences of the past in wliich Mr. Hutcliinsoii and his family
had taken jjart. lie was full of wit and anecdote and pathos, as he
always is.

" Another speaker was one wl)o in tliese times shows his face all too
seldom at ChickerinL"- Hall. Who does not know Kev. Stephen Merritt ?
He thanked Ciod that he had lived through that abolition period, and
he would like to live on until he had seen the end of that curse, the
open saloon. Mr. Merritt related experiences of abolition meetings,
where he said sometimes di'ad cats wim-c used as arguments against the
movement, but that only made him more and more an Abolitionist
than ever. He was glad to see his old friiiid. He remembered the
family and the work they liad accomplished; he Imped there would
be others rise up to do as much for Prohibition as they had done for
Abolition. He hoped men and churches would be inspired by tlie
Holy Ghost to fight against all these evils, and was sure that through
Him they would be abolished.

" Mr. Hutchinson sang " Tlie Blue and the Gray," between the verses of
which Miss Park played military calls on the cornet, which were very
effective.

"A large number of those present pressed forward at the close to
shake the hand of Mr. Hutchinson."

I find that I liave carried the narrative of this histor}'
along until it has l)roug'lit nie to the three-quarters-of-
a-century mark. This is certainly a fitting point at
which to close this chapter, and with it the annals of the
Hutchinsons.



23-4 THE HUTCHINSOX FAMILY.



CHAPTER IV.

AX OLD-TIME YANKEE FAMILY".

" David, Noah, Andrew, Zepliy,
Caleb, Joshua, Jess and Benny,
Judson, Rhoda, John and Asa
And Abby are our names.
We're the sons of ^Nlary,
Of the tribe of Jesse,
And we now address you
With our native mountain song."

I FEEL certain that in the chapters ^vhich have pre-
ceded this, the reader nnist have l)ecome quite well ac-
quainted with the leading- members of the family, and
yet it would not be doing justice to the "Tribe of Jesse"
if a chapter Avere not devoted to a brotlierly reference to
each of them, giving perha})s a better idea of their work
and personal characteristics than could be secured in
any other way. In doing this I shall make free use of
Brother Joshua's '' Brief Narrative " of the family.
This was published in 1874, and in place of an intro-
duction, contained a very ap})reciative letter from Wil-
liam Lloyd rjarrison, a pai't of A\"liicli it is appropriate
to (piote at this point. ]\Ir. (garrison says:

" Sixteen children, of the same parents, constitute an exceptionally
hiruc nunihii-, I'speeially in tliese less fruitful times ; and on this ground
alone is a notable one. But that they all should have been endowed
with a decided musical talent, in some instances amounting to insj)ira-
tional genius, is, indeed, extraordinary, and probably uniiaralleled.
The most widely known to the jjublic, l)y their singing in concerts as a
quartet, are Judson, John, Asa and ^Vbby, occasionallN" assisted by Jesse,




Wll.l.IA.M l.l.ii\l) CAKUlSoN — ip. 234;



AX OLD-TIME YANKEE FAMILY, 23.^

tlie gifted imjtrorisutore — coinprehensiveh' bearing the title of 'Tlie
JIutcliinson Fiiinily'; and to these I desire to make special reference,
not forgetful of wliat is due to the others, particuhirly to y(nirself, who
liave done so niucli good service to the cause of liuniaiiity and i>rogress
botli Ly the matter and manner of your singing.

" If I mistake not, they made tlieir first appearance in Boston, at the
anniversary of the New Enghmd ^Vnti-Slaviry ( 'onvention, iu ls4:!,
taking that body by surprise, and carrying it to a high i)itch of en-
thusiasm. Starting out as inexperienced minstrels on an untried ex-
periment as to what their success miglit be, even under favorable au-
spices, they liad every conceivable worldly and i)rot'essional inducement
either wholly to stand aloof from tlie maligned 'abolition agitation'
and give themselves exclusively to the singing of sentimental and
mirth-provoking songs, or else to cater to the overwlielming pro-slavery
sentiment that everywliere prevailed; but they were i)roof against all
temptations. Whether tiiey slic^uld sing to thin or to crowded houses,
to approving or deriding listeners, or wliether they should evoke a hos-
])itable or a mobocratic reception, as they travelled from 'down East'
to the 'far West,' they never stopped to calculate consequences, but
miflinehingly espoused the cause of a des])ised and down-trodden race —
nobly remembering those in bonds as bound with tlieni. Yes, it shall
everredound to tlieir credit, tiiat, at a most trying and convulsive period,
tliey gave themselves to tliat cau>e witli a zeal, an enthusiasm, an un-
selfishness, and a s\-mpathetic and enrajituring melody surpassing all
power of prosaic speech, wliicli most etb'ctively contriliuted to tlie re-
generation of a Corrupt ])ublic sentiment, and ultimately to the total
abolition of slavery. By the softening of prejudices and the melting of
hearts under their pathetic strains for the poor fettered bondmen, they
did their full part toward making it possilde for Abraham Lincoln to
issue bis grand Prochniiatimi of Emancipation on January 1, 18')o.

"At all times singing ' witii the spirit of the understanding,' as well as
Avith their marvellously sweet voices, how charming to the ear, how
quickening to the soul, was their every jjerformance, with its unique
and varied ijrogramnie ! But they sang not only for freedom and equal
rights, but with equal zest in behalf of jieace, temperance, moral reform,
woman's enfranchisement, ami other kinjlred movements, making many
thousands of converts, and exerting a salutary influence far and wide,

"Never before has the singing of ballads been made directly and



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