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and "The < Ud (ir.mite State" in whii-li slavery is condemned and enian-
cijiation isad\ocati'd. It says morcmir, that " ]\fr. Clay bowed his head
in token of a-se;it and was throughout tlie ])i'rformance often alTecte(l
to tears!" lldW ]iathetic! Mr. Clay is an adept at dissimulation and
knows \w\\ how to feign a virtue he d;>es not jiossi'ss. He wotild of
course' take no excejjtion to the prophecy that at some remote ]>eriotl



THE HIiNltV CLAY IXCIDKXT. olO

slavery will cease to exist. Tlie valiU' of tlie iirediction was rciiiliTfd
wortliless by tlie incense tin y liad prex idiisly oftVred to liiiu as a slave-
holder.

We have no desire to sit too severely in Judgineiit on this ill-advised
step; Imt it was taken in so uross a manner — and under such circum-
stances that we should have been false to the Hutchinson Family, as
well as mitrue to our convictions of duty, if we had allowed it to pass
without one word of condrinnatioii.

The sentimental IiarkMiuin of the Liberty Herald, ol Philadelphia, says
the Liberator is particularly savage upon Jesse about that laudatory
song to " Harry of the West." When we utter the language of rejiroof,
we mean something liy it and our testimony is effective. He thinks the
abolitionism of the IIut<hinM)ns has been a little of the strictest hitherto
and he advises tliem to make it a little more liberal. This is all in
character perfectly grotescjue.

Oil April '2Stli Brntlier Jesse replied 'to some of (iarrisou's
stateiueuts, tlioui;Ii lie offered no e.vplauatiou or apoloiiV lor
the C'htv incident. It was as follows:

PiriLADELPiii.v, April 5, 1848.

Mit. Garrison-: — Your personal attack on me some three weeks ago,
charging me with having voted for ( 'aleb ( 'ushing is entirely imftnmded
and false. Immediately (ju seeing it, I sent word both to Boston and
Lynn, to have it corrected ; lint late numbers of tlie Liberator evince
that you have not been informed, or that you are determined on doing
me a great wrong.

Though I will not deny even tlie charge of being a rabid Loco-Foco
(if such an appellation be pleasing to you), yet I did not vote for Caleb
Cashing, nor electioneer for him, neither was I chosen vote distributor,
nor act in such "capacity" as you so iTisidiously stated. I was nomi-
nated as a member of the t(nvn committee and voted in, but never ac-
cejited, nor acted with the committee.

In view of these facts, inasmuch as my name has been so cruelly
dragged before tlie public, coinniou justice demands that this ])ositive
denial of the charges preferred against me sliould be jiuldished in the
same channels wliere the misstatements have appeared.

Could my friends know that, insteail of voting for Mr. Gushing, or
the entire democratic tickit (which I have not done at any State elec-
tion since 1840 — howsoevtr much I may have loved them — but on
the contrary have refused to act with the ])arty so/p/// on account of tlu'
slavery question), tliey might W- disposed to view with more cliarity my
Seeming "inconsistencies and follies."



320 AIM'KNDIX.

That you have been mi'-infiiiiiu'il ami lia\ o most iliTjily wroiii^i'd iiie,
is most certain ; ami i trust you will clircrlully ojumi your foluiuus to
this simple denial. Jiissi-: Ih tciiixsox, ,Jit.

]Mr. Garrison was not in the habit of owning liiniself wrong
in a coutrovcrsy. and iaimetliately replied to tlie letter with
great severity as follows :

" Tn the 'personal attack,' alias reproof, alluded to hy Mr. Ilmcliin-
son, we stated certain facts, in reiiurd to his jiolitical course at the last
general election in tliis Commonwealth, as we iniderstand them. lie
denies that lie voted for Caleb Cushin<? for governor, and if he did not
we are glad to hear it. In denying, however, onr statement that he
was chosen hy acclamation, at a democratic gathering in I>ynn, to act
as a vote distributor at the polls, and in representing himself to have
been voted in as a ' town committee ' as though he liad been chosen on
business pertaining to the town irresjjective of party lines — he is
amenable to the charge of equivocation."'

This latter allegation is as itiigenerous as the doubt iniiilied
as to whether Jesse voted for C'ushiiig or did in)t. was unkind.
His dense ignorauee as to the meaning of the term •• town com-
mittee," always used in connection with party organizations,
shows conclusively how little Mr. Garrison knew of })rai'tical
politics. He continues :

"The precise facts, we are assured on the authority of an eye-witness,
are these — and we presume he will not attempt to contradict them, for
our ])revious statement is only erroneous in regard to liis appointment;
— ,Tu>t before the election the democrats of Lynn made a strong rally
at Lyceum Hall, for the purpose of promoting the election of that tm-
scrupulous denuigogue and most servile worshijijier of the slave jiower,
Caleb Cushing, who was then in IMexico, actively engaged in jirosecut-
ing the diabolical war against that ill-fated republic. The meeting was
aildressed by General I'easlee, of New Ilamjjshire, wh;), in the course of
his rabid harangue, expressed great satisfaction that the issue to be
presented in the pending election, in tiie person of Caleb Cushing, was
broadly and distinctly, on the part of tlie Democracy of Massachu-
setts, a hearty support of the Mi'xican war, and an entire approval of
the com'se of the national administration, ri'S])ecting that war. At
that meeting ^Ir. Hutchinson was present, Hutchinson>) to signify it. And if he was
(.•orrect, he wished them to signify it. The simple-liearted Hutchinsons,
■whether they were so deeply penitent or so unconscious of guilt that
they had nothing to re]K'nt of, were mute and signified nothing. But
before the close of the meeting tlu-y sang another song, having really
long ago earned tlie right to sing songs in all anti-slavery meetings, and
not having forfeited it by singing anti-slavery songs to Henry Clay.
Then rose again tlie High Priest, and ]ironounct'd solemn absolution by
calling for three cheers for the Hutchinsons. They had repeiiteil and
were jiardnned. AYhether any auti-sla very apostate who returns and
spfi(il.-.< twice ill an anti-slavery inei'ting will bi' jiardoiied as iMsily, we
do not know."

The Wriiilit letter ill the Lihrrator stirred up Henry Clapp
even more tliaii tin- incidents at New York, and inspired an
editorial in tlie Pioitii')\ in wliieli he said:



THE HENltY CLAV INCIDENT. 327

The Hrxciiixsoxs' Repextaxce. — Under this impudent cajjtion,
there is a k-tter in tlie last niunher of tlie Liberator from the pnilitic
pen of lU'nn- (_'. Wright, the baseness of whieli it -woiilil he diffieult to
exaggerate. ^^'(■ \\:\\v no niDin to go at length into details, nor will
anyone at all faniilinr with .Mr. Wright's habits reiinire that we sliould.
Siitiiee it to say, that wluii he states that at the eall of WeiKh'U I'hil-
lijis, issued at a late uiceling of llie Anieriean ^^nti-Slavery Koeiety, in
New York, the Ilutehiuson Family uianifested public repeiitauee for
having sung songs in lionor of Ilcni-y ( 'lay, lie states what is v<it tint.
The fact of Mr. riiillips indelicately notifying them that having sung
the song alluded to, their singing at the tlien meeting of the ahove-
nanied society would be interpreted by its members as an act of re-
pentance amounted, api)arently, to just nothing at all. And the Ilutch-
insons iicted accordingly. I liey had simply exercised the privilege
accortled to all, of uttering their si^ntiments in their own way, and
therefore considered tiiat Mr. riiillips, in singling them out in that pro-
fessedly free meeting for the jmrpose of delining the terms of their wel-
come, had, to say the least, been guUty of great rudeness. Ihit it being-
evident that tlu'ri' were )iot twenty j)ersons in the hall who symjia-
thized witli the rudeness, our friends i)roceede(l just as if nothing liad
ha]>peiUMl ; that is, in a few moments, the nu'cting Ijcing near to a close,
tliey uttered themselves again — kin<lly forgiving, if at all reURunher-
ing, Mr. I'liillips's pontifical speech — and t-reating, as usual, the most
heart-stirring enthusiasm. Mr. Pliilli]is, in a lit of vanity which would
luive done credit to Mr. Garrison, construed this into an act of 're-
pentance ' and proposed three cheers, as a sort of quid //ro (jiw.

The Chronotijpe hits the nuitter off very well in the following fable:
" In a high latitude, where sinishine is rather scarce and hardly suf-
ficient to hatch tadpoles, there \\ as a frog- pond, with three or four hidl-
frogs and large nund)ers of pccjiers. The hull-frogs managed matters,
you may de]iend. They not only solemnly reminded the peepi'rs of
their duty, hut they rt'monsti-ate<l authoritatively with winds and
clouds, and took care of the sun's conscience. If he went behind a
cloud or rose in a haze, they (lcuouuce(l him. One forenoon, just in
the most critical time for nascent tadpoles, the sun was eclipsed. The
chief bull-frog immediately uttered a papal bull against him, which
maile the surrounding f(jrrsts rebellow. They bade all the peepers
dive into the dee])est mud, and uttered a solenui anathema, that tlie
sun should never again shine in the p(m(l, till it made a liundile and
penitent apology. The pond was entirely silent for some days. At
last, the Batrachians, one cloudy morning, being all up in high con-
clave, the sun broke out clear. 'O hot sun !' exclaimed the chief bull-
frog, 'glad I am to see you if this sliine is a penitential sign, but on no
other condition!' The sun direetlv went behind a Idack cloud, from



S28 APPENDIX.

wiiich a cojMDU-; showiT ]>attC'rt.'(l all ovi-r tlio pond. Tln'ii, aftcT an
hour or two, lu' bi-okf out a.aain. ' I'ar-doii, — full jiar-don ! — Full par-
don ! ' slioutrd tiu' ^t^i'cnt I'cc'K'siastiral liull-t'rog, and all the rest
(.iiinuMl ill." 11. C.

But there are otlier vifnvs of tlio im-idcut. The Petuisylra-
nia Freeman said :

"TIk' Ilutohinson Faiiiil}', wlio were present, gave a voluntary
anil sjioiitaiieous song. At its close, Wendell Phillips arose and cx-
]ircs.-ied his joy in hearing it, as he nnderstood it to be a confession of
their penitence for liaving baptized with the melody of their voices
that old hoary olleiider, Henry Clai/. This allusion caused some exhi-
bition of rowdyism among the Whig gentry present, who hissed like
■wouiuKhI serpents. One of them called for tliree cheers for Henry
Clay, and the rest shouted and swung their hats, all making as much
noise as twenty or thirty rowdies could make, for a few minutes ; when
the poor creatures seemed to shrink into nothingness under a calm and
scorching rebuke from Mr. Garrison. He reminded them that they had
been invited to i)articii)ate in the discussions, but instead of coming for-
ward lionorably and defending their own views, tliey had insidted the
meeting and stamped themselves as rowdies. When the disturbance
was still, Mr. Phillips added : ' Understanding this act as a confession
of their error, I welcome the Hutchinsons to our anti-slavery meeting,
but with no otiier interpretation of it.' Whether they would accept
this explanation and manfully acknowledge their wrong, seemed
doubtful, as they sat silent for a few moments, and a painful suspense
filled man}- hearts, as we waited and hoped and feared ; but when they
rose again, and poured out one of their sweetest melodies in deep and
earnest tones, a new joy flashed like lightning through every heart, and
at the close of the song, the gladness burst forth in a rapturous shout
of cheers for the noble-hearted singers, who liad thus publicly and lion-
orably made amends for that sad inconsistency. They answered the
cluHTS with another song, which seemed to spontaneously si>eak out the
joy of their unburdened hearts, and the unburdened hearts of the audi-
ence.

" Wo came from our meeting happier and more hopeful for this beau-
tiful i'j)iso(K' in its discussions."

The Newark. X. .1., lit'/uruirr told the story tlms :

"On the morning of the iHth, toward the close of the meeting, tho
Ilutcliinsons, who seemed to be constantly ju-i'sent to ciiei^r each heart
with their glad and cheerful songs, sung with great effect, ' If our Con-



THE HENKY CLAY JXCIDENT. 329

stitution supports this horrid institution, we go for revolution in the
United States.' Immediately after the song, tlie silver-toned M'l'udell
I'hillips arose and remarked, tliat no one eould be insensible to the
charms of sneli nuisie, but tliat hi' should t^ive this interpretation to the
l)resenee of the Ilutcliiiisuiis, naiuely, that it was desiuiicd as a con-
fession for having eon(h'seendcd to sing for that old lioary offi'iider,
Henry Clay, \vhile on Ids last visit to New "^'ork, that on the condition
tliat tills should be the inter]iretation tlie_v could be welcomed, bill on no
oilier. ]Mr. I'hillips spoke not in anger, but in sorrow, and none but such
a lion-heart as a P]iillips,or such an uncompromising spirit as a Garrison
could have hazarded so much as to deal frankly with the music and
poetry of the talented singers. The noble-hearted nutehinsons appre-
ciated too well the higli value of such disinterested frankness to be
offended. Mr. Phillips was hissed by a few Clay men (rowdies) but the
liisses were silenced by the generous clapping and expressions of apjiro-
bation which followed. Soon order was restored, when the Ilntchinsons
arose and sung a most ])laintive and affecting piece, expressing sym-
])athy for the slave, and were received with great approbation. Mr.
niilli])s then arose and said it was the best song he ever heard ami pro-
jiosed tliree cheers for the Ilntchinsons, wlueh were given with a hearty
good will. It was truly a pleasing sight to see the Garrisons and
I'hillipses and Biirleighs and the Wrights swinging their arms above
tlieir lieads, and hurrahing for the angel-hearted Abliy and her
brothers."

But C'lapp's indiscreet snpjiort was yet to Ijring tlu^ lieuviest
avalanche- of sarcasm from jMr. (xarrisou. On June 9th lie
gathered himself together and -xoaded liy the remarks of his
critics, said :

TiiK IliTCHixsoxs — Hknj!V Ci.av. — For several jears past the
Hutchinson Family have been considered as songsters of the anti-
slavery cause, by the public generally, for their occasional attendance
at anti-slavery meetings, and their reuieinbrance of the slave in public
concerts- In England, they wei'e as much indebted to their ;jreA7/V/e as
Abolitionists for tlieir success as to any other cause. When, therefore,
tliat most guilty of slavediohk'rs and slave-breeders, Henry Clay, re-
ceived a formal visit from them in New York, and was by them lauded
before the world as worthy of all reverence and honor in a fulsome song
made by Jesse expressly for the ot'casion (and which has since been set
to music), we deemed the act too grossly inconsistent and the dishonor
cast ui)oii the cause of tlu' slave too great to lie allowed to ]iass without
reproof, and an expression of deep regret and surprise. In so doing, we



330 Ai'TKxnix.

mcrch' iiavc iittcTance to tlie foolinjis of every sincere Aliolitionist.
Otliers united with us in deplorin-r such a prostitution of tiie unusual
talent and anti-slavery character of the Ilutchinsons. Having regarded
with lively interest and rejoiecd in the success of this " family " ever
since we became ac(j\iainted witli iluni, we fi-lt it wliolly unnecessary
to disclaim entertaining any unkind feelings toward tliem. Indeed, we
know of no hetter way of testifying our friendshii), or of manifesting
our scilicitude for their welfare than hy rebuking them as publicly as
they had erred. " Faithful are the wounds of a friend." It was not an
occasion for i)rivate remonstrance, or private repentance ; for the deed
was perpetrated "before all Israel and the sun " and required to be as
openly cancelled on their part. Personally, of course, we had no inter-
est in the matter, except as one pledged to be true to the cause, let who
would be treacherous. Several weeks elapsed, but they took no notice
of the remarks upon tlieir conduct, that appeared in tliis anil other anti-
slavery pa])ers. Not a wliisi)er was heard from any of them expressive
of regret that they had been guilty of sucli folly. It was under these
circumstances that at the anniversary of the .Vnierican Anti-Slavery
Society in the Broadway Tabernacle, New York, just at the close of the
meeting they arose in the gallery and sang an anti-slavery song. It
looked like wishing to retrace their stejis — for they knew, or had good
reason to know, that, unless they meant it to be so understood, their
singing would not be heard with the pleasure and satisfaction that it
had hitherto given. Rut that was no time to ascertain their real
inti-ntion. "When, however, on tlie sul)se(iuent day they again ]iresentrd
themselves and sang another song, it seemed to bi' a favorable oppor-
timity to get them to undo the evil tlu-y had done, in a frank and
maniy way. Wendell I'liillips arose, therefore, in behalf of the cause,
and alluding to tlie fact that they had sung in the presence of that
hoary champion of slavery, Henry Clay, but a short time previous, to
the grief of their numerous anti-slavery friends, expressed the hope that
by their presence and singing at this meeting, they wisht'd to be under-
stood as regretting that unfortunate step. They would be heartily wel-
come if we could jjut that interju'etation upon their presence and voices,
hut in no other view. The manner of Mr. Phillips was unexceptionable,
blending true delicacy of feeling with firnmess of principle. It was a
critical moment ; the issue was fairly maile, even in the presence of the
partisans of Henry (lay, who msulted the meeting by their rowdyish
conduct. Kvery friend of the slave then present felt the utmost solici-
tude as to tlie result. Tiiere was a brief pause — when tlie Hutchinsons
sprang to their feet and made what every one iiresent understood to be
till' amende honoinhle, by singing one of tlicir loftiest and most thrilling
strains. With genuine niagnanimitv, .Mr. I'liillips. after saying it w;is tlie
sweetest song lie had ever listened to, in-oposed three cheers fur tlie



TIIK HENKY CLAV iXCIDENT. 331

Ilutc'hinsons. 'riusc wire gixcii in the most enthusiastic innniicr.
Then auaiii and auain did the Ilnteliinsons renew tlieir son^s, as if to
make "assurance ddiibly sure" tliat they wiTe sincere — that tlie\- were
cit'arly umlerstdud 1iy the as>enilily — anil tliat instead of ot't'ering in-
cense to Henry Clay, thi'V were ready to attirni

■' Ullihn^lds to clIKOIcill.ltidll

< 'amiot ri'st I'U ('hnj tniuKliitidii."

It was confi'ssion that exalteil. not degrailed them, and great was the
joy of all their real friends in the hall.

This interesting occurrence having been ai>]iro](riately noticed in the
Lilierator, Standard, Pennsi/lvania Freeman, etc., forthwith the Boston
Chronotj/pe and Lijnn Pioneer exhibited the deepest chagrin and anger
with it. Eliznr Wright in the former and Henry Clapp, Jr., in the
latter (both the hetrayt-rs of the anti-slavery cause, un])rincipled advent-
urers, wearing abolition masks, as wolves in sheep's clothing, actuated
by a vulgar and malignant spirit towards the American Anti-Slavery
Society, and incapable of appreciating a nohh' retraction of error or a
magnanimous forgiveness of it, whom to toucli is to be defiled) assail-
ing Mr. Phillips in the coarsest laniiuage and declaring that the Hutch-
insons were grossly misre]iresented in tlie statiMuent that tliey regretted
having "bowed the knee to the dark s])irit of slavery" in the person of
Ilein-y Clay. Their vituperative articles we consigned to their appro-
l)riate department [the " Refuge of < >]ipression," where Mr. Garrison
took great delight in reprinting attacks on his course as a leader,
caricatures of his appeariuice, and renuirks and criticisms of his edito-
rial utterances] in the Liberator, making no note or comment, because
they were apocryphal so far as the Ilutchinsons were concerned, and
determined to wait a sufficient length of time for the latter to reply to
the extraordinary- assertions of the Chronotijpe and Pioneer, if they were
falsely made. On this point all doubts are now removed. In last
week's Pioneer is what purports to be an official announcement, as
follows :

" IMisuErnKSKNTATiON-. — We hare it from the Hutchinsons themselves,
that tile representation of Henry C. Wright that tiny had taken the
stool of re]H'ntance in New York is not true, tiiey looking upon ]\Ir.
l'hilli])s jjointing tliem to tliat stool as just a grain too ' pontificial ' for
anti-slavery life. So did Frederick Douglass. So did we. So did nint-
tenths of all the Abolitionists who were there (!) So, without doul)t, did
^Ir. Phillips himself (!) before the meeting was over; for never in our
life have we seen a person more embarrassed than he was on this occa-
sion (!) "

So then, " tlie Ilutchinsons tliem-elves" wisli the ]public to under-
stand that they acted the part of the lia.sest (lissend)lers at New '^'ork,



i56Z APl'F.NDIX.

and extortdl as licarty cIicits as were I'ver uivm ]>y a ])ioc-c' of low ilc-
(H'|itioii ! \\'cll, it' llicy cliniiM' to ulory in tiicir slianu-, and aild insult
to injury, In- it so! ^V^' t'cil niorr of ]>ity tlian of indiiiiiation. TIr-
iu\t time they make tlnii- aiii)rarance in an anti-slavriy minting', tliey
will ln' duly appreeiated.

It is i'\ ident that their abolitionism is of a very sui)erfieial character
ami .lanustaced. In New York, they f^ung as readily for the lit)erty
jiai'ty and a new ortiaiiizalion as for the ^Vmerican Anti-Slavery Society.
(This fact was imt known at the time those cheers were elicited.) Why
they did not atlriid the aiiin\ ei'sary of the Colonization Society and
sinu' in its hehalf, we do not know, unless they felt that in singing tiie
jiraises of Henry Clay, the jjresident of the pari'Ut society in Washing-
ton, the act would he supertluous on their jiart, as the greater includes
the less. We see it stated tliat they are to sing at the Liberty League
Convention to be held in Buffalo in a few days — a league which scouts
both the old organization and the Lilic^rty party as unworthy of any
countenance. And so they swing — first on one sidi', then on the other.
>sow it is •• (ujod Lord," and anon "Good Devil." ^\11 this has a selfish
and sordid look — like wishing to be all things to all men in a mercenary
sense. At least, it indicates a lack of moral discernment, if not of prin-
cii)le. '• The niore's the pity."

N. I). In the last Pioneer " brave Harry of the West," as Jesse styles
him, is called "the nasty Clay" \\\w "delights to exi)atiate on the
hap])iness of Kentucky slaves and does it with a gusto that would do
honor to the Old Harry." Yet that same ])a])er indignantly denies that
the Hutchinsons have rej)ented of celebrating the i)raises of such a man
in original verse !

Frcilci'ick l)(niel;iss seems to Iiua'c liml llie ];i>t wt)r(I in tlif
controversy. In Iiis XortJi Star lie >aiil :

The HrTriiiNsoN F.vMiLY.— 'I'he conduct of this talented family in ,
singing a highly coni])limentary song to that notorious man-stealer,
Henry Clay, whin in New York two months ago, met at that time, as
it does now, our most larnest and un(iualifieil condenniation. Though
we Were disposed to make every allowance for them on tlu' groimd of
their excitable and im]iulsi\e natures, we could but feel that they had
fallen from anti-sla\ ery grace. It was, therefore, with feidings of no or-
dinary ])leasure that wi' witnt'ssi'd their repi'utance at the recint meet-
ing of tlu' jVmeriean jVnti-Shivi'ry Society in New "\'ork. We, in com-
mon with others, hailed their jireseuee and noble soulis on that occasion
as an ex])i\'ssion of regret that they had faltered and I'rred in singing
comidimentai'V songs to Henry ('lay. In this view, it seems that we
Wire nustakiu. The Lynn J'ioneer and Herald of Freedom which



THE HENltA' (LAY INCIDENT. rtoo

seems to spi-alc liy autlmi-ity s.mvs tln'v iiicaiit no Midi tliiiiu-, ami
coufiles our liiinilik' iiaiiic witli tlic ilcclaratioii, in sucli a inaiincr as to
leavi' tile imin\'s. - i()n tliat wc syiiipathi/f with tliiMii in tjiis view ot' tiic
case. It tlierefore liecciiiU'S our liuty to speak of tlie matter a^aiii,
tiiouu'li We lunl lio])eil it was settleil to the sa t isl'aetiou of all coueei'iied ;
and We are quite sorry tliat any fiirtlier reference to it is rendered



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