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Letters of Archbishop Williams, with documents relating to him online

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there is some gettinge, soe are there hungrie and unsatiable
people presentlye to devoure up the same. God made man to
live upon the land, and necessity onlye drives him to sea. Yeat
is not my advise absolutelye for your relinquishinge of this, but
in any case for the retayninge of the other place, thoughe with
the losse of the Admiraltye.

5. I beseech your Grace observe the E. of Leicester, who,
(beinge the onely favouritt in Q. Elizab. hir time that was of any
continuance) made choise of this place onelye, and refused the
Admiraltye two severall times, as beinge an occasion, either to
withdrawe him from the Court or to leave him there laden with
ignominye. And yeat beinge L. Steward, wise, and in favoure,
he wholye commanded the Admiraltye, and made it ministeriall
and subordinate to his directions.

6. Bemember that this office is fitt for a ypnge, a middle,
and an old man to enjoye, and soe is not any other that I knowe
about his M*y®. No we God Almightye havinge given you favoure
at the first, and sithence a greate quantitye (I never flattered your
Grace nor doe no we) of witt and wise experience, I wold humbly
recommend unto your Grace this opportunitye, to be neerest unto
the Kinge, in your yong, your middle, and your decreasinge age,
that is, to be upon earthe as your pietye will one daye make you
in heaven, an everlastinge favouritt.

There are many objections which your Grace maye nmke, but
if I finde any inclination in your Grace to laye hold upon this
proposition I dare undertake to awnswer them all. Your Grace
may leave any office you please (if your Grace be more in love
'with the Admiraltye then I thinke you have cause) to avoide
envye.



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But Tay finall conclusion is this, to desire your Grace most
humbly to putt noe other lord into this office, without just and
mature deliberation, and to pardon this boldnes and hast, which
makes me to write soe weakelye in a theme that I perswade my
selfe I could mayntayne very valiantlye. I have noe other
coppye of this letter, and I pray God, your Grace be able to
reade this.

I send your Grace a letter delivered unto me from 0. Gondo-
mar, and dated either at Madrid, or (as I observe it was written
first) at London. There is noe greate matter at whither of the
places it was invented.

1 humbly beseech your Grace to send me by this bearer the
resolution for the Parliament. And doe rest

Your Grace his most obliged humble servaunt,

Jo. Lincoln, G. S.

2 Martij. 1624. [=162f]



LETTER XXXIV.
Williams to Dr Collins.

Althoughe the longe acquainetaunce J haue hadd w^h this
little man, the bearer hereof, and my knoweledge of his manye
good partes and Civill Behauiour might haue moved me to haue
recommended his suyte to any othe' Church o' College: yeat
J haue beene soe much beholdinge vnto you, fo' soe many
kindenesses and favoures (wherein fo' the most parte you haue
still prevented my suyte by letters) that J wold not haue written
vnto you agayne, but that therein J might take the occasion,
to call vpon you, to lette me vnderstand from you (w*hout com-
plements) wherein J maye expresse towardes you, that respect
you haue deserved at my handes. J pray you therefo' to doo
the Bearer, what favoure you maye convenientlye, in his suyte.



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whom I haue knowne very honest and Civill sithence he was but
a little Ghilde, but in any case to make somme y&e & triall of

You' verye assured louinge
. Freinde

Jo : lincohi. 0. S.
Non=such this
27"*. of August.
1624.

To my assured louinge
freynde Mr. Provost
of Kinges College
in Cambrige.

Endorsed: ^B^. of Lincolnes Lfe/

LETTER XXXV.

Williams to Sir James Whitlock.

From Sir James Whitelocke's Liher Famelicm

(Camd. So€. 1858), 96.

To my assured loving frend sir James Whitlock, cheef Justice of
Chester, and of his majesties counsel! in the marches of Wales.
M^ justice, after my verye hartye commendations, upon sum
new complaints made unto my noble lord and youres of unkinde-
nesses between your cheif and yow, I have presumed so mutche
upon my power withe yow, and that desire 1 have of your neer-
nesse unto me, as to assure my lord duke, that to give his grace
contentment, and to prevent all future jealousies, yow wolde leave
your place to your predecessor and serve his majestye as on of
the justices of his Benche. And heerupon the king (in whose
highe favour and good opinion yow do remayne) hathe called yow
by a writ for this service, for the whiche I do desire yow to pre-
pare yourself withe your best conveniencye, desiring, withe all my
hart, this remove may prove as mutche to youres as it dothe
extreamlye to my contentment, and assuring yow that if ever it



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t I shall lye in my power to ad to your place or fortunes yow shall
ever really finde me

Your most loving and assured true frend,

Jo. Lincoln, C. S.
I Westminster college, this S^ of

October, 1624.

LETTER XXXVI.

I

Williams to Buckingham.

Ellis* Original Letters^ Sec. ser. iii. 256; Oabala^ i. 107; from
I MS. Harl. 7000. Art. 103.

Most Gracious Lord, beinge com hither, accordinge unto the
dutye of my place, to doe my best service for the prseparation to
the Coronation \ and to wayte upon his Majestye for his royall
pleasure and direction therein, I doe most humblye beseech your
Grace to crowne soe many of your Graces former favoures, and to
revive a creature of your owne, strucke dead onlye with your
displeasure^ (but noe other discontentment in the universall worlde)
by bringing of me to kisse his Majestyes hand, with whom I
tooke leave in noe disfavoure at all. I was never hitherto brought
into the prsesence of a Kinge by any Sainct beside your selfe ;
tume me not over (most noble Lord) to offer my prayers at
newe Aulters. If I were guiltye of any unworthye unfaithfulnes
for the time past, or not guiltye of a resolution to doe your Grace

1 See Cabala, i. 108. "The coronation liolds on Candlemas day. . . The
late lord keeper, as dean of Westminster, being to perform certain ceremo-
nies at that solemnity, is commanded to substitute the bishop of St. David's
for his deputy." — Chamberlain to Carleton, Jan. 19. 162f . " The occasion
of this [his sequestration from his office at the coronation] and the loss of
his lord keeper's place was (besides some things that passed at the last
sitting of parliament) a plain piece of counsel his lordship gave my lord
duke* at Salisbury; namely, that being as then general both by sea and land,
he should either go in person, or stay the fleet at home, or else give over his
office of admiralty to some other." Letter to Mead, Jan. 26. 162| (both
in Birch's Court qf Charles L i. 72, 73).

' See Cabala, i. 86 seq. Above, p. 36.

5



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all service for the time to com, all considerations under Heaven
could not force me to begge it so earnestlye, or to professe my
selfe as I doe before Ood and yoti

Your Grace his most humble
affectionate and devoted
servaunt
Jo: Lincola
Westm\ this 7^
of Januar. 1625.

To my most gratious Lord the
Duke of Buckingham, these.

LETTER XXXVIL

Same to Dr Collins.

M'. Provost. W*^ my true loue and heartiest comedacons
remembred. All men take that notice of the favoure & respect
you are pleas'd to shewe me, your vnprofitable freynd, that J am
importuned sometimes to be more troublesom vnto you, w*** my
letters, then of myne owne Jnclination, J wold be. But J ever
write, w*^ this reservation, that if J touch vpon any thinge,
prseiudiciall to the College or your selfe, J pray you suppose that
part, written in water\

Nowe J confesse, J write the more willingelye, because J
hope, J shall but intreat you, to performe that, w^'h you wold
doe w*hout any intreatye. W®h is, to vse one of your most
honorable Tenants, the lord Straunge, in his renovation of the
Lease of the Bectorye of Prescot, in Lancashire, as you doe
all others, that haue any commerce w% you in this kinde, fairelye,
and accordinge to your owne wont.

Jf fo' my sake (who am much beholdinge to that noble lord
and to all his Familye) the gentlemen, imployed in that service
from his Lpp shall finde any further Expedicion, J must score

^ See Erasmi Adagia *in aqua scribere.' A proverb used by Plato,
Lucian, Catullus, etc.



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it vp amongst those many respects, J haue ever found from you,
and assure you, J shall ever remayne

Your verye affectionat
lovinge freynd
Jo: lincoln.
Buckden. this .4***.
of Aprill. 1627.

Ta the right wor-
shipful!, my very
lovinge freynd
M'. D'. Collyns,
his m*y*. Professo"
in divinytye in
Gambrige, and
Provost of Kings
College there.

These.

LETTER XXXVIII.

Same to Same and to Mr Olipford.

Orig. holograph.

Good M'. Provost, and M'. Clifford. My heartiest Oomen-
dacons remembred. This gentleman M'. Jenour\ and his sonne,
haue Brought me an Appeale, fro you' last Election at ^Eton,
wherein he eoplaynes of a prsetended Grievaunce, in that his sonne
was not received vnto M'^. Clifford's' place, then, as is alleged, by
Resignation o' otherwise voyde. The Appeale fo' the Legalitie
thereof, is so formallye pursued, as I cold not but receiue it, if it
shall appeare to be of a nature, proper for my Cognisaunce, w*'^
J must be informed by you and your Statutes. Jn the meane

^ Jenour's appeal was not sustained. His name does not occur in the
RegUtrum Regale, An earlier Richard J. King's 1608.

" PhiL C. vioe-proTost, 1625, vicar of Fordingbridge, 1626. King's 1606.

5—2



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time, J have prevailed w% this gentleman, that, if you please to
giue him a meetinge here, on the .12. o'. 13***. of September next
ensuinge^ he is content, that these differences maye be heard, De
piano and summarilye, before me, if it doth appertayne to my
Gognisaunce, And soe ended w%out cost or trouble. Jf you be
of the same mynde, J pray you intimate y^ assent vnto him by
word of Mouth. O' els acquainte him with you' inclination to
the Contrarye, that he maye be left to his ordinarye Remedye in
Lawe. And soe w*h my truest loue remembred to you M' Pro-
vost, and my heartiest Gomendacons to you both, I rest

You' assured lovinge

poore freynd,

Jo : lincoln.
Buckden. 1 . Augusti.
1627.

To f right wor". M'.
D'. Gollins Prouost
& M'. Glifford one
of y^ Fellowes of
Kings GoUege in
Cambridge.

LETTER XXXIX.

Same to Db Gollins.

Orig. holograph.

Mr Provost. J have heard never a word fro M^ Jenour
sithence his last beinge (w^h you) at Buckden. Nor any man els
about me. Soe as J cannot Jmagin what those alterations shold
be, w^*^ he hath made in the Gase. And therefor can say nothinge
therevnto, as it is altered. But as it was supposed by me, J
thinke you may safely subscribe therevnto, and be bold, to referr
it to the D". in Gambrige. Jf you be assured theyr Resolution,
may end the Gotroversie. Els Jt will prove but the treadinge of



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61

a Maze, or a disputation Jn Girculo. And when you thinke all
shall be at an end, the suit is but beginninge.

For my Opinion, of your Admittinge or not Admittinge, and
all passages beside w°^ may eOcerne you*" self, J haue expressed
my self fully & clearelye in my last letter. Whervnto J craue
leaue, to referre you. And soe to remayne nowe and ever
Your very affectionat lovinge
freynd

Jo : lincoln.
Buckden. 15. Jan.
1627.

To y« right wor" : my
very loving freind
M'. D'. Collins
Prouost of Kings
College in

Cambridge.

LETTER XL.

Sam£ to Same.
Orig., only signature autograph.
M'. Prouost. My verie heartiest Comendacons remembred.
You may see by this enclosed What trouble J shall bee
enforced to putt yo'. College and my selfe vnto, vnles yo^. shall
bee pleased to prevent the same, by admitting one of the two
Scholers, that hath the most probable right vnto M'. Cliffords
place, w°^ J conceiue to be Jenno'. for as much as J can yet heare
or see. Besides that J heare from Eaton, that hee is the better
scholer of the two, w*., when the case is doubtfull, or equally
ballanced, may proove considerable. Yf therefore yo^. would bee
pleas'd to end this difference of yo^ selfe, yo^. shall doe mee a
great kindnes. Otherwise J pray yo^ to send mee word to Buck-
den, What day yo^ thincke fittest, that J may come in a morning



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62

and heare this Cause, and tume backe in the aftemoone the same
daie. And when yo^ shall resolue vpon the daie, J shall desire
yo^ to give competent warning to both parties to bee provided
w**» their Oounsell, yet J hope and desire yo^. will ease mee of
this journey, And so shall J euer rest, as I doe,

Yo'. verie affectionate lovinge
freind



Jo: lincoln.



Westm'. 27^
Junij. 1628^



LETTER XLI.
Same to Same.

M'. Provost. Vnderstadinge from this bearer, as alsoe frd
the youth himself, you'^ great and extraordinarye kindenes to a
poore nephewe of myne\ that (J beleeue by a former favoure of
youres) was sehoUer of Eton, J could doe noe lesse, then returne
you my heartiest thankes fo' the same. W* assurauce I shalbe
euer most readye to acknowelege it, in any favoure J can shewe
to eithe' you' selfe, o' any freynd or kinsman of youres, w^** you
shall recommed vnto me ; for any favoure, that shall lie, in any
power of myne. Desiringe you to beleeve, that, whatsoever J
have sent o' written vnto you (o' maye doe occasionallye hereafter)
by the impo'tunitye of others and the waye of Justice (w^, you
knowe, J maye not neglect w hout hazardinge my fame for the
p^'sent, & soule for the time to come) Jt neither hath, no*^ ever
shall breake any bond of freyndshippe, w®** you' great partes &
c3tinuall good affections towardes me, hath soe strongelye knitt
& fastned. And of the reason you have to be assured of this,
J appeale to the Event of any Acte of myne donne in you' Col-
lege.

* John Williams, King's 1633, * actively engaged in the service of Charles
1/ {Reg. Regale)



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63

J praye you the'fo', to cotinue you' kindenes soe farre to the
poore youth, you' creature, as to tell my Steward here, what is
fu'the' to be donne for him & his accommodation. And to speake
vnto the yonge gentleman (whom, J thanke you, you haue named
to be his Tuto') to make a stepp ove' hither w^hin these .9. or .10.
dayes, because J am not certayne, when J shall returne fro Lin-
coln.

Once more J thanke you verye heartilye, & am ever
You' affectionat loving
freynd

Jo: lincoln.
Buckden. 20"^ Aug. 1632.



T



10 the right wor: my
very wo'thye freynd
M'. D'. Collyns Provost
of Kinge College in
Cambrige & his
M*y*^ Professor of Divini-
tye there. These.
Endorsed : ' B^. Lincolnes Lre about
Willms y® schoUer."*



LETTER XLII.

Same to Same.



M'. Provost. W*h my heartiest Comendac5ns vnto you. J
doe nowe, by examininge a little, my kinsman, who (by you'
favoure) hath spent somme .9. yeares in Eton College, clearelye
vnderstand, howe much J am beholdinge vnto you, for the Time
and favoures passed, and must be to M'. Vintner \ for the time to

* Hen. V. King's 1623, rect. Stamford Courtney, and afterwards of Wes-
ton Turville (Harwood's Alumni Eton, 223), where he died 1678 (Lipscomb's
BuckSy ii. 498).



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64

come. For w^out his mayne helpe, J much feare, you' favoures

wilbe lost, and my expectation, frustrated. And yeat J will not

expect impossibilities at his handes, but shewe my selfe thanke-

full, for his endevoures, and cleare dealinge wHh me, fro time to

time, what maybe hoped for in this course, fro the younge man.

Howeuer that shall happen, J doe acknowelege my self much

bound to you, & shall never faile to expresse my selfe, vpon all

Occasions,

You' affectionat lovinge

freynd

Jo: lincoln.
Buckden. 19*\of Julye.

1633.

^PO the right wor : my
-*- worthy friend M'. D'.
Collins. Provost of
Kinges Coll. in Gam-
brige. these.

Endorsed: * B^. Lincolnes
Lfe July .1633.'

LETTER XLIII.

Williams to the earl op Arundel.

Fairfax Correspondence^ i. 339, 340.

To the Most Honourable And My Most Noble Lord, Thomas,
Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Present These.

My Most Honourable and Most Noble Lord,

Not the hope of being able for the small remainder of my
life to perform any proportionable service or gratitude unto your
good lordship for your former justice and favours towards me, by
which I enjoy that little remainder I have of any civil or political
being, but, that innate propension which nature hath planted in



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65

every man s heart, to repair thither for help, vihere he has for-
merly found relief, makes me (otherwise of myself not forward in
this kind of boldness) to rush thus unseasonably upon your lord-
ship^s more serious affairs, upon these occasions of storms and
adversities.

The Tower ^ of London, my noble Lord, is for his Majesty'^s
greater affiiirs, from a fair palace and quiet aboad', turned of late
to a fort or citadel, and become so full of soldiers and that kind
of dirge or nqise, which is most adverse and contrary to retired
thoughts and the disposition of a student; so that as I have been
sequestered for above these three years past from the company of
the living, so am I now bereaved from any conversation with the
dead, and kept close prisoner from men and books in effect, until
such time in the evening as these people are withdrawn into their
private huts and cabins.

May it please your good lordship therefore, out of your own
nobleness and pity, to procure me to be removed from this prison
to any other place of abode where I may enjoy a little fresh and
dry air, upon what terms, limitations, and conditions the King^s
Majesty or the lords shall hold convenient, the rather, my good
lord, because there is received (or now due) out of my sequestered
estate half as much more as my fine^ comes unto.

For his Majesty^s last offence conceived against me, about a
proposition made unto and recalled from Mr Hampden^ in twenty-
four hours; I have to his Majesty taken the fault wholly upon
myself, because others will participate of no burdens of this kind.
It was in Hilary Term that the motion was made unto me, as
from his Majesty, to petition for the putting off of that hearing,

* " My Pen must not [dele this word not] now go with the Bishop, my
good Master, to his Lodgings in the ToivbTj whither in my Person I resorted
to him weekly ; . . . excepting when he was confined to dose imprisonment."
Hacket, ii. 126, 127.

' abroad in Fair/ax Corr.

8 £8,000 (Fuller's Church History, ed. Brewer, vi. 168).

* Cousin to Williams (Hacket, ii. 212). ^ ;



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with fiiU assurance I should be presently restored to my poor for-
tunes; and when I had so petitioned, I was notwithstanding kept
from all means and liberty, my Parliament writ stopt, and never
had any particular (though I earnestly called for it) brought unto
me in his Majesty ''s name, but at the very night before the last
Parliament was broken up, — ^and then, God he knoweth in what
matter and manner that proposition, or rather question, was put
upon me. 'Now my business with my kinsman, Mr. Hampden,
was begun and ended ten or twelve days before that time, which
his Majesty peradventure is not informed of; and further, I do
not go about to excuse this accident otherwise than in humbly
craving pardon of his Majesty if I have offended. Lastly, whereas
your lordship, as Mr. Lieutenant tells me, hath heard complaints
of some brables between a servant of mine and some of the
warders of the Tower, be pleased to understand that that warder
who complained unto me was quite drunk, as it seems my man
was also, who hath been sufficiently punished already both by Mr.
Lieutenant and the warders, and more severely by myself. But
it is not worth the troubling your good lordship with what passed
between that one warder and me, seeing that I am assured, and
have good witness thereof, he was in such a case at that time as I
could not possibly understand him, and therefore might easily
misunderstand me, and in consequence thereof misreport me.

My Lord, whether I shall receive this favour or any other
from your lordship, I am for those great ones already past, and
the esteem I have ever borne of your most noble person, lady, and
family.

Your lordship's most obliged servant

and beadsman

Jo. Lincoln.

Tower, this 2nd of October, 1640.



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LETTER XLIV.

Williams to the house op Lords.

Parliamentary Hist, of England^ xi. 280. Lond. 1753.

My Most K^oble Lords,

My Duty, in all Humility and Lowliness, remembered
unto your Lordships, I have received your Noble Lordships Orders
of the twenty-second of June^ but this Day, July the third, being
the Lord's Day; and it is impossible I should, literally, comply
with the Matter required in the same. I came from Huntingdovr-
shire to Torh^ from which I was not debarred by any Order from
the Honourable House, by his Majesty'^s Command; and, by the
same Command, I am strictly required not to depart this County
of York without his Majesty ""s special Leave, upon Pain of seizing
of my Temporalities. Your Lordi^hips Messenger can inform
you he found me not at York^ but here, at my own Country
House, preaching to my People \ I will wait upon his Majesty
and humbly desire his Favour, that I may obey your Honourable
Order in Act, as I already do in Proeparatione Animi, In the
mean Season, I do most earnestly intreat your Lordships Favour
and Mercy towards me, if I trespass a little in the prescribed
Time; and your Lordships shall never hear, from any true Rela-
tion, that, by any Miscarriage of mine, I shall otherwise comport
myself than as becometh

Your Lordship's most humble
and obedient Servant,
Orator, and Petitioner,
Jo. Eborac.
Cawood, July 3,
1642.

^ Assiduous in the consultations of war with the gentry (Hacket, ii.

185—187).



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LETTER XLV.

Williams to Thomas Bulklet.

From th6 Bulkeley MSS. at Baron Hill. Printed in
Archceohg. Camhrensis. 1st Ser. i. 329.

To the B. worshipfull
my noble Cozen, M'
Thomas Bulkley Esq.
at Bamhill
these.

My verye lovinge Cozen

You have receivM a letter from me, by the Solicitor,
vf^ foUoweth your buysines, about a coplaint made by M' Sherif
above ag^ you etc. I have sithence by my Cozen you' Sonne
hubly advised you, to present the lord Capel (in much want in
that kinde) with a ferkyn of powder & a Barrel of Bullets^ and to
doe it soe, that these things -may be here delivered, to be sent
away some times to morrowe. And you shall trust me, soe to
improve the present, that you shall never repent you thereof. I
doe the like my selfe. And will never advise you to anythinge,
but what I coceive, wil be for your Advatage, rather then losse,
as beinge Noble Cozen,

Your verye lovinge
freynd & Servaunt

Jo. Eborac.
Conway. 1 6*^ of
Maye 1643.

^ On Williams' exertions on the king's behalf at Conway, see Hacket,
ii. 207—211.



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69

LETTER XLVI.

Same to same.

lUd. p. 330.
To the right wor.
his noble Cozen M'
Thomas Bulkley Esq',
at Barn-hill near
Bewmarish these.

My verye noble Cozen

I received this Morninge a letter fro M' Bridgeman that
he stads in great need and necessitye of moneys, and doth expect
that other 250?. by the end of the next or beginninge of the
weeke ensuinge at the furthest. Befo' w®^ time neverthelesse, he
doth resolve to send your buysines dispatched.

The newes are not great. That Brerton & Middleton are
still at Namptwich. And have not moved. That the Welsh
forces are gon to Wrexam from Chester to meet the Shropshyre
there. That Capel is commanded by the Kinge, vpon his Alle-
giance, to feight them, if they offer to move Southward, towards
Glocester, where all the Rebels are drawinge to saue that Towne.

That Essex mouinge that way, is wayted on by Wilmot w*^
3000 horse, who routed his excellecye & beat him out of his
Quarters.

That Tattershall your kinsman's the E. of Lincoln's Castle,
is taken by the Marq. of Newcastle & the pluder of all that
Coutrye in it. That the saide Marq. hath taken Beverley by
assault, followed Fayrfax to Hull Gates, w*^ an Armye of 20,000
men, vnder Kinge the Scotchman ; the same towne, being beseiged
by sea w*^ 50 Shipps.

You have received letters fr5 My lord Capel lately: & I desire
you to appoint a speedye meetinge, & to acquaint me therew*^ that
I may be there. For if somwhat be not donne in that Coutye,


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