John Woodward.

A treatise on heraldry, British and foreign : with English and French glossaries (Volume 1) online

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Culverin — An old piece of ordnance.

CURVED {v. Fanche', vonte, affaisse,courbe, in French Glossary).

Cyclamor — A circular orle, borne singly.


DANCETTE, or DANCETTY (F. danche, cf. Vivre) — The larger form
of indentation, of which the points do not exceed three
in number {see Partition lines of the shield, Chapter 1 1 1.,
p. 87, Plate XII., fig. 2).

DANSE, or Dancette — The term used in old writers for a bar
indented or dancetty.

Debruised — Is the term employed when a bend, fess, or other
Ordinary is placed across an animal, or other charge
(Plate XXXII., fig. 4) which is then said to be debruised
by the Ordinary.

DECKED — Ornamented.

Decrescent (F. contourne") — The term applied to a moon when
in its last quarter having its horns turned to the
sinister side of the escucheon {v. p. 323, Plate XXXI.,

fig- 3)-
DEFAMED (F. dijffame)— Said of an animal deprived of its tail.
Degraded — Said of a cross of which the arms end in steps.
Degrees {Y.grkes) — Steps (of a cross-calvary, etc.).

( 423 )

Dejected— Thrown down.

Delve — A square turf or clod of earth {v. p. 198).

Demembered, or Dismembered (F demembrc, cf. mornd) — Is
said of an animal or charge, from which portions are
severed, and removed slightly from the main body of
the charge, but so as to preserve the general shape of
the figure {see arms of Maitland, Plate XXIV., fig. 8).

Demi — The half. In Armory, unless the reverse be specified, the
upper or foremost half is the one used, except in the
case of coats united by dimidiation, when the division
of the dimidiated charge is made by a perpendicular
line. In this case a demi-eagle or demi-fleur-de-lis
would be the dexter or sinister half of the bird or flower,
applied to the line of partition.

Detriment — A term applied to the full moon when borne of a
sable, or red, colour as if eclipsed.

Developed — Displayed. Said of a flag or banner unfurled.

Dexter— The right hand side.

DIAMOND — The jewel used to indicate sable in the obsolete fanci-
ful way of blazoning by precious stones.

DIAPERED (F. diaftre) — Covered with fret-work or floral enrichment
of a colour differing from the rest of the bearing (p. 123).

Differenced— {See Chapter on Brisures, or Marks of Cadency,
Vol. II.).

Dimidiated— Divided into halves {cf. Plate XXL, fig. 2).

DISCLOSED — With wings expanded ; the equivalent for displayed in
the case of birds which are domestic, or not birds of prey.

Dismembered — (See Demembered).

DISPLAYED — (F. eploye) — Birds of prey placed affrontes with
expanded wings and extended legs are described by this
term (Plate XXVIII., figs. 1, 2).

Distilling (F. de'gonttant) — Letting fall drops {cf. Plate XX., fig. 9).

Distinction (F. difference) — (See Brisure).

DORMANT — Sleeping ; it differs from couchant, as the head of the
animal is not raised, but rests on its fore-paws.

DOUBLE Quatrefoil — The brisure for a ninth son in the modern
system o{ Differences.

DOUBLE Queue — Having two tales (see Queue-fourche'e).
Double Tressure (F. double trecheur) — One treasure within

another {v. Sub-Ordinaries, Chapter VI.).
DOUBLED (F. double') — The term applied to mantles and lambre-
quins, lined of a different tincture, or with fur.

( 424 )

DOVETAIL (F. mortal se)— One of the lines of partition {vide
pp. 85, 87), seldom used as the bounding line of an
Ordinary except in very modern coats. In the Arms
of COWELL and of PlCKFORD the chief is dovetailed.
(NlSBET calls this partition patee.) The coat of LUCAS,
Baronet, is : Per bend argent and- gules, a bend dove-
tailed between six annulets all counter-changed.

DRAGON— An imaginary monster ; in British Heraldry it is a
quadruped {v. Plate XXX., and cf. Wyvern).

Dragon's Head, and Tail — Were the terms respectively applied
to tenne (orange) and sanguine (murrey) in the obsolete
mode of blazoning by the planets (v. ante, p. 72).

DUCAL CORONET— The term applied by custom, but quite errone-
ously, to the small coronet out of which many crests are
represented as rising. Crest-coronet, first suggested by
Mr BOUTELL, is a term as easily understood and much
more correct (v. Vol. II., Chapter on External
Ornaments, s.v. Crest).

DUCIPER — An old name for a cap of dignity.


Eastern Crown — A band of gold from which arise pointed rays
(v. p. 395).

ECLIPSED (F. ombre de soleil). The sun is said to be eclipsed if
represented of a red, or sable, tincture {v. p. 321).

Eight-foil — The same as the double quatrefoil, q.v.

Electoral Crown — (V. Vol. II., Chapter on Crowns).

Elevated — (F. leve')— The term applied to wings raised above the

Embattled — (F. c7-enelle, britesse, bastille, for which see pp. 85,
86) — Having battlements like the wall of a fortress ; the
pieces projecting upwards are called merlons, the inter-
vening spaces embrasures (Plate XII., fig. 4).

Embowed (F. courbe) — Bent. When applied to arms and legs the
elbow, or knee, is to the dexter.

EMBRASURE — ( Vide supra, Embattled).

Embrued — Stained with blood {cf. F. ensanglante').

Emerald — The stone used to indicate the tincture vert.

Enaluron — A fanciful old term applied to a bordure charged
with eight birds ; now obsolete.

ENDORSE — A diminutive of the Pale employed to cotice it {v. p.
143, Plate XL, fig. 11).

( 42 5 )

Endorsed— {V. Addorsed).

Enfield— An imaginary animal of very rare occurrence, having

the head of a fox, maned ; the fore-legs are those of an

eagle, the body and hind-legs those of a greyhound, and

the tail that of a lion ; (the crest of O'Kelly).
Enfiled (F. enfild) — The term applied to a sceptre, sword, or

lance, which passes through a ring, wreath, or coronet ;

also to a weapon which pierces a head, heart, or portion

of the body.
ENGOULE — (See Glossary of French Terms). Is applied to the

extremities of Ordinaries, etc., which enter the mouth of

an animal (Plate XII., fig. 5).
ENGRAILED (F. engrele, cf echancre, and distinguish) — A form of

the partition line {v. ante, p. 83).
Enhanced (F. hausse) — The term applied when an Ordinary, or

other charge, is raised above its usual position. (Plate

XIII., fig. 8). (The converse of abaisse.)
Ensigned — Adorned.
Ente — Grafted.
Ente en Pointe — A division of the shield (Plate XVIII., fig.

5 ; p. 87, fig. 41).
ENTOYRE — An obsolete term for a bordure charged with eight

inanimate charges (Plate XX.).
ENURNEY — An old fanciful term, now obsolete, formerly applied

to a bordure charged with eight animals.
Environed — Surrounded, enveloped.

Equipped (F. equipe) — Fully armed and comparisoned ; rigged.
ERADICATED (F. arrache) — Torn up by the roots {v. p. 335) ;

applied to trees and plants (Plate XXXII., fig. 2).
ERASED (F. arrache) — Forcibly torn off, so as to leave the severed

part jagged (Plate XXII., figs. 4, 8), as distinguished

from conped. (Plate XXIII., figs. 6, 7).
ERECT (F. haut) — Set in a vertical position.
Ermine, Ermines, Erminois — {see Furs, Chapter III., and

Plate IV.).
Escallop-Shell (F. coquille, cf. vannet) — A common charge of

blazon showing the outside of the shell, as distinguished

from Vannet, which see.
ESCARBUNCLE (F. Escarboucle) — The term applied to a bearing

which originated in the iron bands radiating from the

centre of an ancient shield, and serving to strengthen

it {v, ante, p. 47, Plate I.).

( 426 )

ESCROLL — A scroll often bearing a motto.

ESCUCHEON — {v. p. 179) Points of, are described at p. 65.

ESCUCHEON of Pretence — The small shield borne upon the

centre of his own achievement by a man who marries

an heiress or co-heiress, and containing her arms {v.

Vol. II., Chapter on MARSHALLING).
E3QUIRE (F. giron) — A term applied to a gyron {see p. 178, and

Arms of Mortimer, Plate XIX., fig. 6).
ESTOILE — A star ; its mode of delineation, as distinguished from a

mullet, is discussed ante, p. 325 (Plate XXXI., figs. 5, 7).
EXPANDED (F. eploye of wings, epanoui of flowers, onvert of fruits)

— Opened or displayed.
Eyes— Their tincture is expressed by F. allume; anime' is used for

birds, etc.


False (F. faux, fausse) — A term applied to things voided {v.

Vol. II, p. 175).
Fan — In British Armory is a winnowing fan for blowing away chaff.
FAULCHION (F. badelaire) — A sword with a broad blade.
Faun — A mythological being (v. p. 320).
Feathered (F. empenne") — (A synonym of Flighted.) The term

used to describe the fact that the wings of an arrow

differ in tincture from the shaft (p. 367).
Fer-de-Fourchette — The term used (but rarely found) for

crosses, etc, which end in a forked iron.
FER-DE-MOLINE — The mill-rind, or iron in the centre of a mill-
stone, through which the shaft passes.
Fermail — A buckle.
FESS — One of the Ordinaries, or principal charges, of Armory

(v. p. 134).
Fess, Per (F. coupe)— {V. Plate V, figs. 3, 10).
FESS POINT — The central point of the escucheon (v. p. 65).
FESSWAYS (F. en abime . ... en canir) — Placed in the direction

pertaining to a fess.
Fettered — ( V. Spancelled).

Fetter-lock — A shackle with a lock {cf. Manacle).
Field (F. champ) — The surface of the shield upon which the

charges are depicted.
FIGURED (F. figure") — A term applied to the sun, crescents, coins,

etc., when they contain a human face ; and to bezants or

plates stamped like a coin.

( 427 )

File (F. lambel) — An old term for the label (v. p. 198).

Fillet — A diminutive of the chief. A fillet en bordicre is a

diminutive of the bordure.
Fimbriated (F. horde") — Having a narrow bordure.
Finned (F. lorr<!, cf. Fiertc, in French Glossary).
Fire-ball — A grenade.
FlRME — A term applied to a cross flate'e-throughout, i.e., reaching

the edge of the escucheon.
FlTCHE, or FlTCHED (F. fiend) — Applied to crosses, etc., which

have a point whereby they can be fixed in the

ground (Plate XVI., fig. 5).
FLANCHES, or FLAUNCHES (F. flanque en rond) — One of the

Stib- Ordinaries (p. 196, Plate XIX., fig. 7).
Flanks (F. /lanes) — The sides of the escucheon.
FLASQUES — Diminutives of Flaicnches (v. p. 197).
FLEURETTY, FLEURY (FLORY) (F. fleurs-de-lise) — A term applied

to a surface seme oi fleurs-de-lis (Plate XV. fig. 6).
FLEURY (F. fleure, fleurette'e) — Ornamented with fleurs-de-lis

(v. cross-fleury, p. 173; and see Plates XV., fig. 6;

XXXIII., fig. 6).
FLEXED — Bent or bowed (cf. voute', affaisse).
Flighted (F. empenne) — (See Feathered) — p. 367.
FLORY, FLORETTY — (See Fleury, and v. Plate XV., fig. 6).
FLOTANT — Floating ; said of banners, etc.
Flowered (F.fleuri) — Said of plants.
Foliated. — Leaved.

FORMY, or FORMEE — (See Patty or Pate'e).
FOUNTAIN — Conventionally represented by a roundle wavy argent

and azure (p. 204, Plate XXII., fig. 5).
Fourche (F. fourche", fourchette) — Forked (see Cross-fourchee,

fig. 65, p. 173)-
Fracted (F. brise", and cf. failli)— Broken. (Plate XIV.,

fig. 10.)
Fraise, or Fraser— A cinquefoil in Scotland (v. Plate XXI II.,

fig. 2).
FRET (F.fretle) — A Sub- Ordinary (v. p. 192) (?/. Treilh 's, in French

Glossary, and Plate XXII., fig. 11).
Fretted (F.frette)— Interlaced (cf. Plate XXIX., fig. 10).
FRETTY — Covered with fretwork (v. Treillisse) (p. 105, Plate IX.,

fig- 5).
FRUCTED (F./ruite) — Bearing fruit (cf. englant/).

Furchy — (See Fourche).

( 428 )

FURISON — A Scottish term for a steel for kindling fires.
FURNISHED iYJqiupe) — Equipped, or provided with sails, ropes, etc.
Fusil (F. fusie)—K narrow lozenge (Plates XVIII., XIX).
Fusilly (F. fuscle) — Covered with fusils {v. Plate VIII., figs. 10,

FYLFOT — The Gammadion, an ancient symbol composed of four

Gammas (F) united in cross.

GALLEY (F. navire and ga/ere)—A ship propelled by sails and

oars (see Lymphad).
Gal-traps (F. c/tausse-trape)—(See Caltraf). (Plate XXXIV,

fig- 9-)
Gamb (F. membre de lion) — The whole fore-leg of a beast, as

distinct from a paw.
Garb (F. go-be)— A wheat-sheaf (if composed of any other grain

the fact must be specified) (7/. p. 359).
Gardant — Full-faced (v. Lion).
Garland — A wreath of flowers and leaves.
Garnished — Ornamented (cf. lisere).
GARTER — An old term for the diminutive of a bendlet.
Gauntlet (F. gantelet) — A glove of steel plates.
Gaze, At (F. affront^ ox gardant) — Used of a beast of chase.
Gemells (Bars-Gemels) (F. jumelles) — Small barrulets borne in

pairs {v. ante, p. 139).
Gem-ring — An annulet set with a precious stone.
Genet — A small animal like a weasel.
Gerated — Differenced by small charges.
GlMMEL-RING — Two annulets interlaced.
Giron, or Gyron— A Sub-Ordinary (7/. p. 177, Plate XIX).
GlRONNY, or GYRONNY (F. gironne) — A division of the field

Plate VI., figs. 1, 2, 3 ; XVIII., fig. 8).
GLIDING (F. ondoyante) — Applied to reptiles or fishes moving

forward with undulations of the body.
GOBONY, or GOBONE — (See Compony).
GOLPES— The absolete name applied to roundles of purpare {v. p.

GONFANON — An ecclesiastical banner described at p. 388.
Gore {cf. Gusset)— One of the old fanciful Abatements.
GORGE (F. bouse) — A water bouget, q.v.
Gorged (F. col let e 1 )— Wearing a collar.

( 429 )

GORGES, or GURGES (F '. gouflFre) — A whirlpool represented conven-
tionally (Plate XXII., fig. 6).
Goutte — A drop.

Gouttee, Gutty, Guttee — Seme' with drops {see Plate IX.
fig. 12).

Graded — Having steps (A Cross-graded, F. croix perronne'e).

Gradient— Applied to a tortoise walking.

Grafted — A term sometimes used for Ente, q.v.

Greaves — Armour for the legs.

GRICES— Steps ; (also the appellation of the young of the wild

GRIECES (F. marcassins, cf. sanglier) — ( V. Grices).

Griffon — A chimerical animal, the fore part that of an eagle, the
hinder that of a lion ; the " male griffon " has no wings.

Gringoly, or GRINGOLEE — The term applied to crosses, etc.,
whose extremities end in the heads of serpents {v. Plate
XVI., fig. 6).

Guardant — ( V. Gardanf).

Guidon — A kind of banner with a semi-circular end (7/. Vol. II).

Guivre— ( V. Gringoly).

GULES (F. gueules) — The colour red.

Gun-stone — The old name for a pellet, or sable roundle (v. p. 200).

GURGES — ( V. s. Gorges).

GUSSET (F. gousset) — A pairle without the top opening.

Gutty, or Guttee — Seme of drops.

GuzES — The obsolete name given by the old armorists to roundles
of sanguine or blood colour.

GYRON — A Sub-Ordinary {v. F. Giron) {v. p. 93).

Gyronny (F. gironne) — (See Gironny). Very occasionally Ordi-
naries are gyroned — e.g., Fair, on a chevron gules three
bezants; a chief gyromiy Or and sable, is the coat of
HOZIER, Baronet.


Habergeon — A coat of mail.

HABITED (F. habille)— Clothed, vested.

Hackle (F. broie) — A hemp-break.

Haie — A hedge.

Halbert — A pole-axe.

Hames — Part of the equipment of a horse.

Handled (F. fute) —Said of spears, etc.

( 43° )

Harpy — A mythological creature {v. p. 310).

Hart — A stag in its sixth year.

Harvest-Fly — A kind of butterfly.

Hatchment — A term for Achievement ; the representation of
the full armorial bearings of a deceased person, fixed
upon his house, or in a church.

Hauberk — A coat of chain-mail.

Hauriant — Applied to fish in a perpendicular attitude, or pale-
ways (v. Plate XXIX., fig. 6).

Hausse— Said of a charge placed higher in the escucheon than its
usual position.

Hawk's Bells and Jesses (bells, F. grelots or grillets) — The bells
are globular in form (v. Plate XXVIII., fig. 8), and are
affixed to the hawk's legs by small leather straps called

Hawk's Lure — A decoy used by falconers to recover the hawk. It
is composed of two wings conjoined with the tips down-
ward (hence wings so represented are said to be in lure,
or conjoined in lure) ; they have also a line attached,
ending in a ring, by which the falconer waved the lure
in the air.

HAY-FORK — A name for the pall, or pairle, in Scotland.

HEADS — Of men, beasts, etc., are drawn in profile unless the blazon
specify that they are affrontes, or gardant.

Hemp-brake (F. broie) — See Hackle, or Heckle.

Herse — A Portcullis.

Hill, Hillock (F. viont)— The latter term is used if more than
one appear in a coat, unless the charges are separated
by an Ordinary.

Hilted (F. garni) — Is used to describe the tincture of the hilt of
a sword if it differ from that of the blade.

Hind— The female stag, usually tripping.

HOODED (F. chaperonne) — Wearing a hood, applied both to human
figures and to hawks.

HOOFED — Having the hoofs of a particular tincture (distinguish from
unguled which applies only to beasts with cloven feet).

Hooped (F. cercle).

Horn, Hunting (F. cor de chasse, grelier, huchetj see French

Horn, of a Stag (F. demi-ramure).

HORNED (F. arme) — Having horns of a special tincture ; but
compare attired.

( 43i )

HuiT-FOlL — An eight-foil (q.v.), or double quatre-foil.
Hummetty— Couped at the 'ends said of an Ordinary which does

not touch the edge of the shield.
Hurst (F. bois,foret) — A clump of trees.
H URT — A roundle of an azure colour (v. p. 200).
Hydra — A mythological monster (v. p. 310).


Ibex — In British Armory, an antelope with straight horns, the
horns project from the forehead, and are serrated. In
Foreign Armory the charge is drawn au nature I.

Icicles — Are gouttes reversed.

Imbrued — (See Embrued; F. ens a7tgl ante).

Impaled — Coats conjoined paleways, that is by the shield being
divided into two parts by a perpendicular or palar line
and having one coat placed on each side thereof, are
said to be impaled (see Chapter on Marshalling).

IMPERIAL Crown — In general differs not from a Royal Crown.
The crowns of specific empires however differ from one
another {see Vol. II., Chapter XXL, on CROWNS AND

In Lure — (See Lure).

In Pride (F. ronanf) — Said of a peacock with expanded tail.

In Splendour — Said of the sun irradiated (Plate XXXL, fig. 1).

Incensed — Is the same as i7iflamed. Said of animals which have
flames issuing from mouth and ears.

Increscent (F. croissa?it-toume) — Said of a crescent whose
horns are turned to the dexter side of the shield. Plate

XXXL, fig. 3.)

Indented (F. danchc, denteld, endente) — A partition line with
small indentations (v. p. 85, Plate XL, fig 2).

Indorsed — (V. Endorsed, cf. F. Adosse).

INESCUCHEON — A small shield borne en surtout,'m British Heraldry
usually containing the arms of an heiress, or some feudal
charge ; but used with different meanings in Foreign
Armory (see Vol. II., Chapter on MARSHALLING).

Inflamed (F. ardent, Jiambant) — (See Incensed and Allume).

INK-MOLINE — (V. Fer de Moline) — A mill-rind.

Interlaced (F. entrelace) — Linked together. Said of annulets,
the bows of keys, crescents, etc. (cf. Plate XIV.).

( 43 2 )

Invecked, or Invected (F. cannele") — One of the partition lines,

the reverse of engrailed {v. pp. 85, 86) than which it is

much less frequently employed.
Inverted (F. verse) — Reversed.
Irradiated (F. rayonne, cf. herisse) — (Plates XL, fig. 2 ;

XXXI., fig. 12).
ISSUANT, or ISSUING (F. issaul). (For the distinction between this

and naissant, v. ante, pp. 234, 235, Plate XXV., figs.



Jelloped — Said of the comb of a cock or cockatrice, {cf. Wattled.)

JESSANT — Shooting forth.

JESSANT-DE-LIS — Said of a leopard's face with a. fleur-de-lis passing

through the mouth (7/. p. 238, Plate XXV., fig. n).
JESSED — Having straps or thongs.
Jesses — The straps of hawk's bells.
Jowlopped — ( V. Jelloped).
JUPITER — The planet signifying azure in the old blazon by

heavenly bodies {v. p. 72).


KNOTTED — Of trees, F. noueuxj of a cord, or a snake, none.

LABEL (F. lamoel) — A mark of cadency, also in occasional use as

a charge (v. pp. 198-200 ; see also Vol. II., Chapter on

Ladder (Scaling) (F. e'chelle descalade) — A ladder with hooks ;

occasionally of a single piece with short traverses {v.

Plate XXXV, fig. 6).
Lamb, The Paschal (F. Agneau-Pascal, or Agnus-Dei) — Is

described ante, p. 248 {see Plate XXV 1 1., fig. 4).
Lambrequin — The mantling of a helm {sec Vol. II., Chapter on

External Ornaments).
LAMPAGO — A tiger having a human head (p. 310).
LANGUED (F. lampassd) — The term used to denote that the tongue

of a beast or bird is of a different tincture from the rest

of the charge, or from that usually employed.
All birds and beasts are langued gules unless they

( 433 )

are themselves of that tincture ; in that case they are

langued azure, unless the blazon distinctly express that

the tongue is to be of some other tincture. If the

general rule given above is followed there is no need at

all to mention that the animal is langued.
Larmes — Gouttes of blue tincture, tears.
Lashed, a modern term for the tail of a beast turned over the back

towards the head, and then reverted.
Lattice— (See Trellis, p. 107).
Leash (F. longe) — The line by which falcons are tied to the hand,

or by which hounds are retained.
Leashed (F. longe").
Leaved {Y.feuille", cf. fiampre").
Leg of an Eagle (F. main d'aigle).
Legged (Membered) (F. membre) — Is said when the legs of a bird

differ in tincture from the rest of the body.
Leopard — The lion passant-gardant in French Heraldry.
Leopard-lionne — {See French Glossary) a lion rampant-

Leopard's Face — Is used when the head is represented ajf?'on(e

or gardant, no part of the neck being visible.
LEOPARD'S Head — Is used either when the head is in profile, or

affronte, if part of the neck, either couped or erased, be

Lever — The name given to the bird now drawn as a cormorant,

in the arms of the city of Liverpool ; (really the eagle,

the Evangelistic symbol of St. John).
Lighted, or Inflamed (F. allume).

LINED — Attached to a line or cord ; is also said of mantles, caps, etc.
" Lines of Partition" — Are described in Chapter III.
Lists — The barriers of a tournament field {see Plate XXXVI., fig.

9, P- 374)- _
LlONCEL — A young lion ; sometimes used by pedantic heralds to

denote the beasts when more than three are borne in

the same field (Plate XXIV., fig. 12).
LOCHABER-AXE— A pole-axe whose top ends in a hook.
LODGED (F. couche) — Is said of a hart, and other beasts of chase,

when lying on the ground ; distinguish from coiichant

which is applied to beasts of prey.
Lozenge (F. losange)— One of the Sub-Ordinaries {v. Plate

XIX.) ; also one of the forms of the escucheon (v. fig.

17, p. 50).

VOL. I. 2 F

( 434 )

Lozengy (F. losange) — Covered with lozenges {v. Plate VIII.,

fig- 9)-
LUCY — An old name for the pike fish.
Lure — (See Hawk's Lure).
Lymphad (F. galere) — A galley propelled by oars but also having

a mast and square sail (Plate XXXV.).


Maintenance, Cap of— A cap of dignity ; usually of crimson or

azure velvet " turned up " or lined with ermine or other

fur, or stuff of a different tincture {v. p. 408). Often

used to support crests in mediaeval times {see Vol. II.,

Chapter on External Ornaments).
Manche, or Maunche (F. manche-mal taillce) — The old-fashioned

sleeve of a lady's garment ; its full form is maunche mal

taillee {v. p. 392, Plate XXXVII., fig. 1).
Maned — Having a mane of a different tincture from the rest of

the body.
Mantel (Tierced in) — A division of the shield (v. p. 97, Plate VI.).
Mantele — {Mantled, v. pp. 97, 98, Plate VI.).
Manticora, or Man-tiger — A fabulous beast.
Mantle, Mantling — The cloak or robe placed around a shield

of arms {see the Chapter on External Ornaments

in Vol. II.).
Mantlings (F. lambrequins) — The coverings of helmets cut into

foliage shape {see Vol. II. as above).
Mars — In blazoning by planets represents gules {v. p. 72).
Marlet (F. merletle)—A martin or swallow, without legs, but

with the tufts of feathers at their junction with the body ;

the modern mark of cadency for the fourth son.
Mascle (F. made) — A voided lozenge {see Plate XIX.).
Masculy (F. made) — Covered with mascles.
MASONED (F. maconne) — Divided by lines, usually of sable, to

represent the mortar between the stones of castles,

bridges, and other buildings.
Maunche — (See Ma?iche).
Membered (F. membre) — The term used to describe the legs of a

bird if of a different tincture from the rest of the body.