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Copyright 191 i.
The Lewis Publishing Company.




The English family of Lardner, to which Lynford Lardner, Provincial Coun-
cillor of Pennsylvania ( 1755-73 j belonged, was one of the old families of Nor-
folk or Kent counties, and bore as its arms, "Gu. on a fesse between three boars'
heads couped ar. a bar wavy sable." These arms were used as a seal by the Coun-
cillor. His great-grandfather Lardner married a Miss Ferrars, and their son,
Thomas Lardner, married and had issue:

John Lardner, m. Miss Winstanley; of whom presently;

James Lardner. distinguished clergyman ;

Thomas Lardner ;

Sarah Lardner, m. a Springett of Strumshaw, Norfolk.

John L.vkdxer, eldest son, father of Lynford Lardner, studied at Christ Col-
lege, Cambridge, and received there the degree of Medical Doctor. He had a
town house on Grace Church street, London, and a country house at Woodford,
Epping Forest, county of Essex ; had a good practice and reputation as a physi-
cian, and was related to Most Rev. Dr. Thomas Herring, Lord Archbishop of

Jolni Lardner had issue:

Francis Lardner, d. June 18, 1774: bur. St. Clement's, London;
John Lardner, d. 1740-1 ;

Hannah Lardner, m. Richard, son of William Penn, the Founder, and one 01 the Pro-
prietaries of Pa.;
Thomas Lardner, citizen of London;
Lynford L.ardner, the Councillor; of whom presently:
James Lardner, of Norwich, county Norfolk;
Elizabeth Lardner, m. Wells, of county Norfolk.

Lynford Lardner, born near London, England, July 18, 1715, was named
for a near relative and friend of the family, Rev. Thomas Lynford, S. T. D.,
Rector of St. Nicholas Aeon and Chaplain of King William and Queen Mary,
and like his father was entered as a student at the Univerity of Cambridge, but
later accepted a position in a counting-house in London. His fatnily made an
effort to secure him a government position in England, and failing, the influence
of his brother-in-law, Richard Penn, secured him an opening in Pennsylvania,
and he came to Philadelphia at the age of twenty-five years, sailing from Grave-
send May 5, 1740, and arriving in Philadelphia in the beginning of September.
He was at once employed in the land office, and assisted in the management of the
wild and unsettled lands of the frontier then being rapidly opened up for settle-
mnt under the purchase of 1736. August 8, 1741, he was appointed to succeed
James Steel as Receiver-General of the Province, and had charge of the collec-
tion of the Quit Rents and purchase money due the Proprietaries, as well as act-
ing as their commercial agent, in which position he displayed excellent business
ability. He was made Keeper of the Seal, Deceinber 12, 1746, and held that posi-
tion and the office of Receiver-General until March 28, 1753, being succeeded in


both positions by Richard Hockley, a protege of John Penn, another of the Pro-
prietaries. His association with the land office gave him the opportunity to secure
grants of valuable lands in his own right and he became a large landed proprietor.
As early as 1746, he became the owner of Collady's Paper Mills, Springfield town-
ship, Chester (now Delaware) county, and soon after that date he was largely
interested in the manufacture of iron in Berks and Lancaster counties. He be-
came a Justice of Lancaster County Courts October 16, 1752. His connection
with the Penn family gave him a position in the social and business world of
Philadelphia which his eminent ability easily qualified him to fill. He was named
as one of the directors of the Library Company of Philadelphia, 1746, and again
1760, and was an original manager of the Dancing Assembly, instituted in the
winter of 1748. He was called to the Provincial Council June 13, 1755, and con-
tinued a member of that body until his death. The Assembly having made no
provision for the raising of troops for the defense of the frontiers, the people of
the various counties of the state raised volunteer companies called associators,
and elected their officers. Lynford Lardner volunteered in the first company of
the Philadelphia Associators, was elected First Lieutenant, and with the regi-
mental officers of the Philadelphia Regiment, was commissioned by the Provincial
Council January 28, 1747 ; again, March, 1756, he was commissioned Lieutenant of
the Troop of Horse organized by the Council with two companies of foot and one
of artillery, for the defense of the City of Philadelphia in the French and Indian
War. He was also named as one of the commissioners to disburse the money
appropriated by the Assembly "for the King's use." He was one of the trustees
of the College of Philadelphia, parent of the University of Pennsylvania, and a
member of the American Philosophical Society. October 27, 1749, he married
Elizabeth, born in Philadelphia, 1732, daughter of William Branson, a wealthy
merchant in Philadelphia, and sister to the wife of Richard Hockley, who succeed-
ed him as Register-General and Keeper of the Seal. After his marriage he resid-
ed on the west side of Second street, above Arch, and had his country seat, "Som-
erset," on the Delaware, near Tacony, part of which has since been known as
Lardner's Point. He owned a number of stores and houses in the vicinity of his
residence and a large amount of real estate in the upper part of the city. Over
2500 acres of land were surveyed to him in Bucks county, 1741-51, most of it
lying in what became Northampton county, 1752. On a tract of several hundred
acres in Whitehall township he erected a commodious building which he named
"Grouse Hall." where he and a number of his Philadelphia friends were in the
habit of sojourning to shoot grouse and other game abundant in that locality. The
"Hall" being painted white, and known by travelers and inhabitants as "the
White Hall," is said to have given the name to the township when organized in
^753- Mr. Lardner secured warrants of survey for over 5000 acres of land in
Northampton county after its organization. He was a keen sportsman, exceed-
ingly fond of outdoor life, and doubtless spent much time in company with his
friends upon his wild land in Northampton county, he was also a member of the
Gloucester Fox Hunting Club. He died October 6, 1774, and was buried at Christ
Church. His wife, Elizabeth Branson, died August 26, 1761, and he married
(second) at Christ Church, May 29, 1766, Catharine Lawrence, who survived


Issue of Lynford and Elizabeth (Branson) Lardncr:

Elizabeth Lardner, b. 1750; d. young;

John Lardner, b. Sept. 6, 1752; m. Margaret Saltar; of whom presently;

Frances Lardner, b. Nov. 8, 1754; d. unm.;

Hannah Lardner, b. Nov. 28, 1756; d. unm.;

William Lardner. b. Dec. 8, 1758; m. (first) Anne Shepherd: (second) Susan Elliott;

James Lardner, b. 1761 ; lost at sea, 1780.

John L.\rdnkr, eldest son of the Councillor by his first marriage, born in Phila-
delphia, September 6, 1752, was a member of the famous sporting club, known as
the Gloucester Fox Hunting Club, in October, 1775, participated with them in the
formation of the "First Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry," and participated with
it in the battles of Trenton. Princeton, Brandywine and Germantown, for which
and other meritorious services the gallant troop received the thanks of Congress
and the commendation of Gen. Washington. John Lardner was Cornet of the
Troop 1779-83, and 1794-96, during the Whiskey Insurrection. He was elected
to the Pennsylvania Assembly 1791, and was commissioned Captain of the Third
Troop of Philadelphia Light Horse, 1798, when war with France was imminent.
He died in Philadelphia, February 12, 1825, and was buried at Trinity Church,
Oxford township, Philadelphia county. He married at "Magnolia Grove," the
beautiful country seat of the Saltar family, December 24, 1789, Margaret, daugh-
ter of John and Rachel (Reese) Saltar, born May 8, 1767, and died May 23, 1834.
John Saltar was the son of Hon. Richard Saltar, member of Provincial Council
and Justice of Supreme Court of New Jersey, and Hannah Lawrence. Capt.
Jaines Lawrence, U. S. N., who was killed in battle, was her great-nephew. Their
home was on Walnut street, Philadelphia, and their summers were spent at

Issue of John and Margaret (Saltar) Lardncr:

Elizabeth Lardner, b. Jan., 1791; d. unm.;

Lynford Lardner, b. June 12, 1792, at "Somerset," d. June 23, T834, graduated at Univ.
of Pa., 181 1, received honorary degree of Master of Arts: entered the counting-house
of Joseph Sims, 181 5. and was later a merchant; served as member of First City Troop
during War of 1812, and was Captain of Troop, 1825-7: served two terms in Pa.
Legislature, 1820-21 and 1833-4; married. May 20, 1823, Elizabeth Wilmer. and had
issue, John Lardner, a Philadelphia merchant, d. s. p. ;

Richard Penn Lardner, b. Nov. 8, 1795; d. May 19, 1882; graduated at University, 1813,
degree of Master of ."^rts, 1817, resided at "Graydon," Montgomery county, and later
in the city; Second Lieutenant of City Troop. 1826-7; Treasurer of Phila. and Reading
Railroad Co.; m. (first), February 12. 1824, Anna Boswell, b. at Calcutta 1797, d.
March 15, 1870, dau. of Capt. James Tennant of the Royal Navy; m. (second) Anna
CT'hbon. dau. of his first cousin Catharine Lardner, who had m. Dr. John Heyshem

John Saltar Lardner, b. Dec, 1797; d. Oct., 1798;

Wi'liam Branson Lardner, b. March 6, 1799: d. s. p. Nov.. 1821 ; member of American
Philosophical Society;

John Lardner. b. July. 1801: d. March 3. 186;; Second Lieutenant of First City Troop,
1833-9; m. Mary Perot Downing. Issue: Charles, d. young; Perot, d. s. p.;

Lawrence Lardner, b. Nov. 20, 1802, removed to Oconomowac. Wisconsin; d. there
March. 1873; m. Mary, dau. of George Breck, of Phila. Issue: Hannah, d. s. p.:
George; Catharine, unm.; Richard, and Alexander:

James Lawrence Lardner, b. Nov. 20, 1802; Rear-Admiral U. S. N. ; of whom pres-

Henry Lardner, b. Feb., 1804, removed to Michigan; d. there 1852: m. Mary Keyes, and
had issue: Henry, m. Lena, dau. of Rev. PhiUips;

Edward Lardner, b. Oct. 25, 1805; d. s. p. 1824;


Alexander Lardner, b. March 28, 1808; d. July 14, 1848; some time Cashier of U. S.
Bank, Phila.; m. Esther Hoppin of Providence, R. I., and had issue: Mary, wife of
Isaac Starr of Phila. ; Esther, d. s. p.

James Lawrence Lardner, sixth son of John and Margaret (Saltar) Lardner,
born in Philadelphia, November 20. 1802, entered U. S. N. as a midshipman. May
10, 1820, was on the frigate Brandywine that took Marquis Lafayette back to
France, 1825, after his visit to the United States. He was commissioned a Lieu-
tenant May 17, 1828; was navigating officer of the "Vincennes" in her trip round
the world, and served on the flagship of the Mediterranean, Brazil and Pacific
Squadrons. In 1850 he sailed for the coast of Africa in the brig, "Porpoise," and
being commissioned Commander, May 17, 1851, spent three years in a cruise as
commander of that vessel and the sloop-of-war "Dale," returning to Boston,
Massachusetts, 1853. He was promoted to the rank of Captain, May 19, 1861,
and in September of that year took command of the steam frigate "Susquehanna,"
of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, blockading the forts of South Caro-
lina and Georgia. He took part in the capture of Port Royal, under Rear-Admiral
Dupont, and for gallant service in that behalf his name was sent to Congress by
President Lincoln for a vote of thanks. After the battle Admiral Dupont wrote
Capt. Lardner, "Your noble ship through the whole of the battle was precisely
where I wanted her to be and doing precisely what I wanted her to do. Your
close support was a very gallant thing." In May, 1862, he took command of the
East Gulf Blockading Squadron with the flag of a Rear-Admiral, and, July 16,
1862, was commissioned Commodore. In December, 1862, he returned to Phila-
delphia broken in health from a severe attack of yellow fever, by which dread
disease the ship had lost forty officers and men. In May, 1863, he took command
of the West India Squadron with the rank of Rear-Admiral, and remained on
duty until October, 1864. For the next five years he was on special duty as a
member of the Courts Martial and Examining Board, and was commissioned a
Rear-Admiral July 25, 1866. In 1869 he was appointed Governor of the U. S. N.
Asylum at Philadelphia, now called Naval Home, where he remained until 1872.
when he was placed permanently on the retired list. He died in Philadelphia
April 12, 1881. His death was taken notice of by the Navy Department in the
following order:



Washington, April 15, 1881.

The Navy Department announces with regret, to the Navy and Marine Corps the death,
at Philadelphia, on the 12th instant, of the Rear Admiral James L. Lardner, in the seventy-
ninth year of his age.

Rear Admiral Lardner was appointed a midshipman from the state of Pennsylvania May
10, 1820, and his whole career in the service was marked by purity of character, intelligence
and devotion to duty. He was commissioned a Captain May 19, 1861, and was conspicuous
as a commanding officer of the Frigate "Susquehanna" in the battle of Port Royal — so much
so as to call forth General Orders from the Commander-in-chief commending the valuable
services of the ship and the gallantry of her captain, officers and crew.

May 19, 1862, he was appointed to command the East Gulf Blockading Squadron which
however, he had to relinquish in December of the same year on account of an attack of
yellow fever.

July 16. 1862, he was commissioned a Commodore and from June, 1864, to October,
1864, commanded the West India Squadron. November 20, 1864, in accordance with the
provisions of general statutes, he was placed on the Retired List, and promoted to a Rear
Admiral thereon July 25, 1866.

Among the many prominent commands which he held was that of Governor of the
Naval Asyhim at Philadelphia, from June. 1869, to June, 1872, for which he was particularly
fitted by his experience and sympathetic nature.


In respect to his memory it is hereby ordered that, on the day after the receipt hereof,
the flags of the Navy Yards and Stations, and vessels in commission, be displayed at half
mast, from sunrise to sunset, and thirteen minute guns be fired at noon from the Navy Yards
and Stations, flag-ships and vessels acting singly. WILLIAM N. JEFFERS,

Acting Secretary of the Navy.

Admiral Lardner married (first), February 2, 1832, Margaret, daughter of
James Wihner, by his wife Ann Emerson and granddaughter of Solomon Wilmer,
of Maryland, by his wife Anne Ringgold. Right Rev. Joseph Wilmer, Bishop of
Louisiana, and Right Rev. Richard Hooker Wilmer, Bishop of Alabama, were
nephews of James Wilmer, and Major Ringgold, U. S. .A.., who was killed in
battle, was a relative. Margaret (Wilmer) Lardner died April 25, 1846, and he
married (second) her sister, Ellen Wilmer.

Issue of Admiral James L. and Margaret (Wilmer) Lardner:

James Lardner, d. young;
Anne Lardner, d. young;
Lynford Lardner, b. Aug. 23, 1839; m. Ella Sweitzer; issue: Margaret, m. Robert M.

Margaret Lardner, b. Oct. 15, 1841 ; m. Edwin Landis Reakirt. Issue:
James Lardner, b. Nov. 8, 1876; d. .'Vpril 17, 1904;
Edwin Holcomb, b. 1877;

Mary Wilmer Lippincott, m. Robert Hartshorne Large; issue:
Margaret Lardner:
William MifHin;
Sarah Meade.
Ellen Wilmer Lardner, d. young s. p.

Issue of Rear-Admiral James L. and Ellen (Wilmer) Lardner:

Ringgold Wilmer Lardner, b. Sept. 11, 1854; partner of Craig, Heberton & Co., stock-
brokers; d, Nov. 19, 1884. He was a member of City Troop, and at the time of his
death an officer of that organization;

James Lawrence Lardner, lawyer, b. Nov. 26, 1856; he was associated with James W.
Biddle in International Fishery Commission, under appointment by President Grover
Cleveland. Also member of City Troop.


Edward Foulke, the ancestor of the Pennsylvania family of the name, came
with his family from Merionethshire, Wales, in 1698, and took up seven hundred
and twelve acres in Gwynedd township, then Philadelphia county, erecting his
dwelling at the present site of Penllyn station on the North Pennsylvania Rail-
road ; his son, Thomas, erecting on the same site in 1728, a house which constitutes
part of the present structure in which several generations of the family resided.

Edward Foulke and his family were part of a colony of Welsh who came over
in the "Robert and Elizabeth," Ralph Williams, master, which sailed from Liver-
pool, April 18, 1698, and arrived at Philadelphia eleven weeks later. The coming
of these Welsh families to Pennsylvania was the result of the settlement of the
earlier Welsh colony in the townships of Lower Merion, Haverford and Radnor,
where the frugal and industrious Cymric settlers had prospered, and became
useful and prominent in Penn's new colony. Their constant communication with
friends and relatives in Wales influenced other of their countrymen to seek homes
m that section, and Hugh Roberts, one of the settlers on that tract in 1683,
making a visit to his native country in 1697, gathered together a large number of
Welsh farmers who accompanied him on his return in the "Robert and Elizabeth."
They were preceded by two of their number as trustees, William John and
Thomas ap Evan, who purchased of Robert Turner seven thousand two hundred
and fifty acres of the ten thousand acres purchased of Penn in 1681, and on this
tract the remnant of the passengers on the "Robert and Elizabeth," who had sur-
vived the "bloody flux" which had carried away forty-five of their number during
the voyage, at once settled.

Edward Foulke like many of the other Welsh settlers in Pennsylvania, was
descended from early Welsh princes, and through them from the Kings of Eng-
land. Through his great-great-grandmother, Mary, wife of Robert ap David
Lloyd, he had a strain of Norman blood, she being a descendant of King John of
England, through his his son, Henry H., and grandson, Edward L, who by his
wife, Eleanor, of Castile, had a daughter, Eleanor, from whom descended Elea-
nor de Montfort, wife of Llewllyn, the last crowned Prince of Wales, from whom
descended Owen Glendower, last native Prince of Wales, who fought long
and valiantly for the independence of Wales, but was finally slain by Lord Morti-
mer. From his daughter, Lowry, Mary, wife of Robert Lloyd was descended.

The ancestry of Edward Foulke and an account of his life in Wales and re-
moval to Pennsylvania, are given in a writing by himself four years after his
arrival in the Province, and translated into English by his grandson, Samuel
Foulke, of Richland, many years a member of Provincial Assembly from Bucks
county. Copies of this quaint instrument are in existence, the one in possession
of William Parker Foulke is as follows: —

"I, Edward Foulke, was the son of Foulke ap Thomas, ap Evan, ap Thomas, ap
Robert, ap David Lloyd, ap Evan Vaughan, ap Griffith, ap Madoc, ap Jerwerth, ap Madog,
ap Ririd Flaidd, Lord of Penllyn, who dwelt at Rhiwaedog.

"My mother's name was Lowry, the daughter of Edward ap David, ap Ellis, ap Robert,
of the parish of Llavor in Merionethshire.


"I was born on the 13th of the 5th Month, 1651, and when arrived at mature age, mar-
ried Eleanor, daughter of Hugh ap Cadwalader, ap Rhys, of the parish of Spytu, in Den-
bighshire; her mother's name was Gwen, the daughter of Ellis ap William, ap Hugh, ap
Thomas, ap David, ap Madoc, ap Evan, ap Cott, ap Evan, ap Griffith, ap Madoc, ap Einion,
ap Merdith, of Cai-Fa-dog; and was born in the same parish and shire with her husband.

■'I had, by my said wife, nine children, whose names are as follows: Thomas, Hugh,
Cadwalader and Evan; Grace, Gwen, Jane, Catherine, and Margaret. We lived at a place
called Coed-y-toel, a beautiful farm belonging to Roger Price, Esq., of Rhiwlas, Merioneth-
shire, aforesaid. But in process of time I had an inclination to remove with my family to
the Province of Pensilvania; and in order thereto, we set out on the 3d. Day of the 2d.
Month, A. D. 169S, and came in two days to Liverpool, where, with divers others who
intended to go the voyage, we took shipping the 17th of the same month on board the
Robert and Elizabeth, and the next day set sail for Ireland, where we arrived and staid until
the first of the third month. May, and then sailed again for Pennsylvania, and were about
eleven weeks at sea. And the sore distemper of the bloody flux broke out in the vessel, of
which died in our passage, five and forty persons. The distemper was so mortal that two
or three corpses were cast overboard every day while it lasted.

"But through the favor and mercy of Divine Providence, I with my wife and nine
children escaped that sore mortality, and arrived safe in Philadelphia, the 17th of the Sth
Month, July, where we were kindly received and hospitably entertained by our friends and
old acquaintance.

"I soon purchased a fine tract of land of about seven hundred acres, sixteen miles from
Philadelphia, on a part of which I settled, and divers others of our company who came
over the sea with us, settled near me at the same time. This was the beginning of Novem-
ber, 1698, aforesaid, and the township was called Gwynedd, or North Wales. This account
was written the 14th. of the nth. Month, January, A. D. 1702, by Edward Foulke."

"Translated from British into English by Samuel Foulke."
Edward Foulke was a plain Welsh farmer, possessed of an education superior
to most of those of hi,^ time. He and his family were not members of the Society
cf Friends at the time of their immigration, though largely in sympathy with
their views as to simplicity and plainness in the mode of life, and eventually
joined the Society, of wh.'ch his descendants were and many still are prominent
and consistent members. He died on his plantation at Penllyn in 1741, and his
wife, Eleanor, in March 1733-4.

Issue of Edward and Eleanor (Cadwalader) Foidke: —

Thomas, b. 1683, d. 1762; m. Gwen Evans, of whom presently;

Hugh, b. 1685, d. 1760; m. 1713, Ann, dau. of John Williams of Montgomery, and
about 1720, located in Great Swamp, Richland township, Bucks Co., where they
reared family of eleven children, ten of whom married and reared families, and
at death of Ann, the mother in 1773, their posterity numbered three hundred and
forty-three. Edward was esteemed minister of Society of Friends for over thirty
years. Samuel, eldest son was member of Colonial Assembly, 1761-8, and was
succeeded by brother John, who served until Revolution. All four of sons, of
Hugh and Ann Foulke, were disowned from Richland Meeting for taking oath
of Allegiance to colonies, but the action of meeting therein was overruled by
Yearly Meeting and they retained membership. Many of their descendants have
been prominent in affairs of their native county, and several later found homes in
Phila. and elsewhere, and enjoyed a like prominence. Job Roberts Foulke, for
many years Trust Officer of Provident Life and Trust Company of Phila. was
descendant of Hugh and Ann (Williams) Foulke, through son Thomas;

Cadwalader, b. 1691, d. 1743; m. Mary Evans, and lived in Gwynedd until 1731,
when he removed to Phila., and engaged in mercantile business, living on north
side of High (now Market) St., near Court House. He was appointed justice of
Phila. county Nov. 22, 1738, and did large amount of official business. His wife
Mary, was dau. of Robert Evans, one of four sons of Evan ap Evan, who emi-
grated from Wales with Edward Foulke in 1698, and settled in Gwynedd, and
who traced ancestry through long line of Welsh princes to Tyndaethwy, King
of Wales, d. 818, or 820.

Mary (Evans) Foulke was prominent minister among Friends and travelled exten-
sively in that service. She m. (second) in 1744. Thomas Marriott, of Bristol,
Bucks Co., and d. 1747.

Judah Foulke, only child of Cadwalader and Mary, b. 1722, became prominent citi-
zen of Phila. and man of literary taste and fine classical attainments. Was Col-


lector of Excise, at Phila., 1745-50; sheriff of Phila. Co. 1770-72, and on Dec. 9,
1773, was appointed by Gov. John Penn, "with the advice of Council" Keeper
of Standards of Brass for Weights and Measures, for Co. of Phila. He d. at

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