9, 1744; m. , and left issue;
Ephraim Sayre, m. Sarah Barnes; he was Sergeant of militia company of south side of
Cohansey. Nov.. 1715; d. at Cohansey: will dated Dec. 31. 1715. probated Jan. 24,
Hannah Sayre, ni. Capt. Hosiah Topping, who was b. 1663. d. 1726.
D.x.NiKL S.WKE, son of Daniel and Hannah ( Foster) Sayre. was born at South-
ampton, Long Island, 1666. He bought land at Montauk, and sold land there, and
at Southampton, the last record of such transaction being March 20, 1730-31,
when Daniel Sayre, of Southampton. Gentleman, sold to Jonah Pierson, "half of
my North Lot, I had of my son."
On June 2;^, 1709, the Council of New York appointed him one of the Lieu-
tenants in Col. Schuyler's company of militia ; he appears to have been the Captain
Lieutenant, and was thereafter called "Captain Daniel Sayre." He was Sheriff of
Sufifolk county. New York, 1711-12, and a Justice at Southampton, 1718-33. He
was also Collector of Southampton in 1712. Capt. Daniel Sayre died May 11,
1748, and was buried at Mecox. Long Island. By his will, dated May 22, 1747,
probateil June 16, 1748. he ordered his land and buildings within the bounds of
Southampton to be sold. He left money and household goods to his children,
Daniel Sayre, Hannah Smith, Mary Ludlam, Ann Moore, and his grandchildren,
Daniel, Sarah, Elizabeth, Abigail, John. Nathaniel and Noah, children of his de-
ceased son, Ethan ; and Silas, Sarah, Ezekiel, Elizabeth, Abigail, Hannah and
David, children of his deceased son, Silas ; executors, John Sayres and the testa-
tor's grandson, Thomas Cooper. The children of his deceased son. Isaac, are not
mentioned, nor even Isaac's name.
Daniel Sayre married Sarah , and had issue :
Daniel Sayre. called "Daniel Tertius" in a list of inhabitants of Southampton, 1698; m.
Phebe, dau. of Isaac Raynor; removed to Elizabeth, N. J., about 1730. d. in 1763;
Is.AAC Sayre, of whom presently;
Hannah Sayre, b. T690; m. (first) Capt. John Cooper, b. at Southampton, 1685, d. there,
Dec. 14, 1715. (second). March 3, 1718, Maj. William Henry Smith, b. March 13,
1689. tenth child of Col. William Smith ("Tangier Smith"), ex-Gov. of Tangier, by
his wife, Martha Tunstall;
Mary Sayre. m. Samuel Ludlam (will dated Julv 18, 1766. probated Feb. 13. 1767. New
.•\nn Sayre. b.. Bridgehampton, L. I.. 1709; d. July 8. 1787: ni. Daniel Moore, of Bridge-
hampton. who d. May 10, 1791 ;
Ethan Sayre. m. ; d. before 1747, leaving seven children:
Silas Sayre, ni. Abigail, dau. of Ezekiel and Dorcas Sanford: his will dated May 16,
probated at New York. May 27. 1747; d. before his father.
ls.\.\c- S.WRE, son of Daniel and Sarah Sayre. lived in Bridgehampton, New
York, and married Elizabeth, born November 26, 1699, at Haddam, Connecticut,
daughter of John and Sarah (White) Smith. Her mother was a daughter of
Capt. Nathaniel White, and granddaughter of Elder John White, of Haddam.
On December 27, 1721. Isaac Sayre "declared ear-mark" at Southampton. In
the Southampton town book, vol. ii., p. 187, is an account of the proceedings of
the Commissioners of Highways. 1726, in rectifying the highway between Heze-
kiah Topping and Isaac Sayre's corner ; and also, "between East Hampton line
and Isaac Sayre's land we have laid out a highway to the beach." Isaac Sayre
died in 1725-26, long before his father, who does not mention either him or his
issue in his will. Isaac Sayre's own will, dated December 14, 1725, probated at
New York. March 21. 1726, leaves all his estate to his wife and son, Isaac; pro-
viding also for a prospective child, Ezekiel, born after his father's death : failing
survival of all of whom, he left his estate succes.sively to his brothers, Silas and
Issue of Isaac and Elizabeth (Smith) Sayre:
IsA.\c Sayre, of whom presently:
Ezekiel Sayre, b. 1726. probably the Ezekiel Sayre. who was Lieutenant of Monmouth
CO., N. J. militia, during the Revolution, and afterwards removed to Ohio, where his
descendants held many public offices.
.After the death of Isaac Sayre, his widow, Elizabeth, married Jeremiah Ludlow,
born in Southampton, Long Island. They removed to Elizabethtown, New Jersey,
and about 1737 to near New Providence, New Jersey, where he died .\ugust i,
1764, aged sixty-seven years. Elizabeth ( Smith-Sayre) Ludlow, according to the
family Bible of her son, Isaac Sayre, Jr., was born 1699. died March 13, I7
her second husband she had two sons. Jeremiah and Col. Cornelius Ludlow. The
latter was father of Gen. Benjamin Ludlow, grandfather of George Harris Lud-
low, once Sherifif of Morris county, New Jersey, and the great-grandfather of
George Ludlow, Governor of New Jersey in 1881.
Isaac Sayre, son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Smith) Sayre, was born in Southamp-
ton, Long Island, 1722, and removed with his mother and stepfather to what is
now New Providence township. Union county, New Jersey, living between the
mountains southwest of Springfield, near Summit. In 1780, at the time of the
battle of Springfield, many Continental scouts made their quarters in this valley.
"Isaac Sayre's house was the resort of many of these foot-sore scouts, and there
they found a welcome. His wife, it is said, could not do too much for them. To
her last day she recounted the fact that she had entertained General George Wash-
ington, and encouraged his men as they came to her mountain home, never turning
them empty away. The old homestead was, until recently, still standing on the
road corner where the old red school house stood."
On August 21, 1804, the trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church of New
Providence, deeded to Isaac Sayre and his son, Anthony, a tract of sixteen acres
in that town, on the road from there to Chatham ; this was sold by Isaac's widow
and Anthony. November 23, 1808. Isaac Sayre died April 25. 1805. He married
Jane, daughter of Matthias and Catharine Swaine.
Issue of Isaac and Jane (Swaine) Sayre:
Elizabeth Sayre, m. Enoch Vreeland;
Matthais Sayre, of whom presently;
Catharine Sayre, m. Timothy Griffin, of New Providence, and had twelve children ;
Isaac Sayre, b. Nov. 23, 1752: lived where his father did, in that part of New Providence
now called Summit; d. Oct. 10, 1828; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Abraham and Mary
(Brooks) Roll, b. Aug. 29, 1759, d. Sept. 26, 1850;
Anthony Sayre, b. Oct. 10, 1754, Springfield twp., Essex co., N. J., was a private in Capt.
Brookfield's and other companies, in Col. Thomas's and Col. Jaquish's regiments,
Revolutionary War; d. Jan. 17, 1835, in Essex co., N. J.; m. and had one son, Anthony
Sayre, Jr. ;
Nancy Sayre, b. Feb. 5, 1757; d. Nov. 11, 1828; m., Oct. 24, 1777, John Halsey, b. Oct. 17,
1756, d. May 19, 1827, son of Joseph, Jr., and Mary (Armstrong) Halsey, of Spring-
field, N. J., and they removed to Lebanon, Warren co., O.. 1812; he was a soldier in
the Revolutionary Army.
Matthias Sayres, son of Isaac and Jane (Swaine) Sayre, born near Summit,
New Jersey. 1746, served during the Revolutionary War, as Wagon-Master, with
rank of Captain, in the Wagon-Master General's Departinent of New Jersey. He
added a final "s" to his name, which was retained by some of his descendants and
rejected by others.
Matthias Sayres died .April 12, 1792, in his forty-sixth year, and was buried
in the Presbyterian Cemetery, at Westfield, New Jersey, where he then resided.
In his will, dated April 5, 1792, probated April 17, 1792, he mentioned his wife.
Patience; sons, Caleb Smith, Aaron, Noah, and Matthias Swaine, and daughters,
Chloe and Patience : his son, Aaron, and William Baker were named as executors,
and Caleb S. Sayres was made guardian of his younger brother, Noah, .\pril 17.
Matthias Sayres married, September 27, 1767, Patience, born about 1752, died
March 2, 181 1, daughter of Aaron Thompson, of Long Hill.
Issue of Matthias and Patience (Thompson) Sayres:
Caleb Smith Sayres. of whom presently;
^y^. I^cc/a^^. S^^^
RICHARDS 1 60 1
Aaron Sayres, ni., Feb. 9, 1794, Mary Crane (d. Jan. 5, 1805, aged twenty-eight years,
five months and two days), dau. of John and (Beddell) Crane; m. (second),
Jan. 7, 1808, Sally De Camp, who was received as a member of Westfield Presbyterian
Church, Feb. i, 181 1;
Chloe Sayres, m., Jan. 29, 1794, John Scudder, of Westfield, who was a soldier in Revo-
lutionary War, belonged to a prominent N. J. family; they removed to what was then
Noah Sayre, as this son spelled the name, m. and had issue;
Matthias Swaine Sayres, b. June 4, 1783; lived in Woodbridge, N. J.; d. at sea, April 1.
1817; m. Hannah Tucker (d. April 8, 1825, aged forty-six years); his will, dated Jan.
25, 1817, probated June 12, 1822, made his wife, Hannah, executrix and sole legatee;
Patience Sayres, d. April 28, 1810; m. at Westfield, Jan. 26, 1806, John Beagle;
Thompson Sayres, b. Nov. 17, 1787; d. Jan. 29, 1789.
Caleb Smith Sayres, M. D., born near Elizabeth, New Jersey, May 24, 1768;
died at Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania, December 3, 1799, and was buried under the
floor of St. Martin's Church (as it is now extended). He became a member of
the Presbyterian Church, at Westfield, New Jersey, July 31, 1785. Shortly after
this date he removed to Delaware county, Pennsylvania, where he practiced medi-
cine at Marcus Hook, Chester, etc. In 1790 he was Surgeon of the Eighth Bat-
talion, Pennsylvania Militia, Col. Vernon commanding. He was also a Justice of
the Peace and a liberal subscriber to the funds of St. Martin's Church, Marcus
Hook. His residence at Marcus Hook, facing the Delaware river, is still stand-
Dr. Caleb S. Sayres married, August 9, 1792, Susanna (see above), daughter
of Jacob and Susanna (Wills) Richards, of Aston township, Delaware county,
Issue of Dr. Caleb S. and Susanna (Richards) Sayres:
Matthias Richards Sayres. b., Marcus Hook. Pa., June 7, 1792; d., unm., April 4, 1826;
bur. in St. Paul's churchyard, Chester, Pa.; he was educated at the Univ. of Pa.; stud-
ied law with Hon. John Sergeant, and was admitted to Bar in Phila., June 16, 1816.
and in Delaware co.. July 22, 1816; M. Richards Sayres was a promising young mem-
ber of the Delaware County Bar; in Oct. ,1824, he was assigned, by Judge Darlington,
for the defense in the Bonsall murder case, one of the greatest trials, perhaps, ever
held in Delaware co. ;
.Augusta Caroline Sayres, b. July 5, 179S; d. young, unm.;
Edward Smith S.-vyres, of whom presently.
Edward Smith Sayre.s, born at Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania, October 5, 1797,
removed to Philadelphia. "Mr. Sayres was educated at the University of Penn-
sylvania. In early life he went to Brazil as supercargo of his own vessel, the
Clio ; was afterwards a merchant in Philadelphia ; was appointed Vice-Consul of
Brazil, December 3, 1841 ; Vice-Consul of Portugal, March 13, 1850; Vice-Consul
of Sweden and Norway, July 10, 1854; and Vice-Consul of Denmark, May i,
1862, resident at Philadelphia. Was appointed by the Princess Regent of Brazil,
Honorary Consul of that Empire, with the rank of Captain in The Brazilian Navy.
February 2, 1872, for long and faithful service to the Empire ; and was at the
time of his death Dean of the Consular Corps at Philadelphia, and probably the
oldest foreign Consul in point of service in the United States.
"Mr. Sayres was a gentleman of the older school, courteous and dignified. At
over seventy years of age he was erect and his step was as springy as a man of
fifty. He was a great reader, had a fine memory and was a good linguist, and was
the owner of a fine library. He died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 29.
1877, and was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery."
Edward Smith Say res married, July 25, 1839, at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Jane,
daughter of John and Jane McPhail Humes. Mrs. Sayres died April 2, 1858, and
was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia. Her father, John Humes,
Esq., was a merchant of Philadelphia (of the firms of Humes & Etting, and
Humes & Lippincott), and Register of Wills of Philadelphia county, 1830-36.
One of Mrs. Sayres's uncles. Dr. Samuel Humes, was a distinguished physician
of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, founder and first president of the State Medical
Society. Treasurer of Lancaster county in 1806, and a Major and Surgeon in the
War of 1812. Another uncle, Capt. James Humes, was Sheriff of Lancaster
county, 1809, and commanded a troop of horse, which was the first offer to the
President in the War of 1812, and another uncle, William Humes, was in Hart-
man Kuhn's Company of State Fenables, in the War of 1812. An aunt, Sarah
Humes, married George B. Porter, Adjutant General of Pennsylvania, and Gov-
ernor of Michigan, a brother of Gov. David Rittenhouse Porter, of Pennsylvania.
Samuel Humes, father of Dr. Samuel and Capt. James Humes and Sarah
(Humes) Porter, and grandfather of Mrs. Sayres, served in the Revolution.
Mrs. Sayres's mother, Jane McPhail, was daughter of John and Ann MacKenzie
McPhail, of Philadelphia.
Issue of Edzvard S. and Jane (Humes) Sayres:
Emma Stalker Sayres, b. Nov. 22. 1840: d. Oct. 6, 1850;
Caroline Augusta Sayres, b. June 9. 1843: d. Jan. 30, 1847;
Harry Sayres, b. June 2. 1845; educated at private classical academies, and clerk to his
father's consulates; for over fifteen years auditor of Union Insurance Co. of Phila. ;
he is member of Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution, and of the
Merion Cricket Club;
Edward Stalker Sayres, of whom presently ;
Horace Sayres, b., Phila., Oct. 3, 1853; member of Merion Cricket Club, of Haverford.
Pa.; m. at St. Stephen's Church, Phila.. April 19, 1881, Isabel (d. May 21, 1895), dau.
of Capt. William Eustis, a graduate of West Point, late of U. S. A., and member of
the Society of the Cincinnati, and Elizabeth Greland, his wife: issue of Horace and
Isabel (Eustis) Sayres;
William Eustis, b. April 12, 1882;
Horace Hamilton, b. July 31, 1883:
Isabel Despaigne, b. July 5, 1885;
Edward Grantham, b. May 22, 1887;
Mary Humes, b. Aug. 29, 1890;
Arthur Richards, b. April 9, 1895.
Jennie Huines Sayres, b. June 19, 1855.
Edward Stalker Sayres, born in Philadelphia, July 30. 1850, son of Edward
Smith and Jane Humes Sayres, was educated at the old Quaker private school.
Pine (above Front) street, and at the private classical academy of Eliphalet Rob-
erts, finishing at the Friends' Central School, Fifteenth and Race streets, Phila-
delphia. He read law with John Hill Martin, Esq., author of Martin's "Bench
and Bar of Philadelphia," "History of Chester," etc., and was admitted to the
Philadelphia Bar, December 27, 1873, and later to the Supreme Court of Penn-
sylvania, and the Court of Claims at Washington, D. C. Mr. Sayres's practice is
confined to Orphans' Court, real estate, conveyancing, and mercantile and marine
law. He continued his association with John Hill Martin, Esq., at 217 South
Third street. Philadelphia, until the latter's death. Mr. Sayres is a member of
the Law Academy of Philadelphia, and was recorder of the same during the
session of 1872-73. He is also a member of the Law Association of Philadelphia.
jMr. Sayres is a director ami counsel for the Delaware Insurance Company of
Philadelphia, was formerly director and is now vice-president of the Merchants'
Trust Company of Philadelphia. He was interested in the formation of the Land
Title and Trust Company, and was for a short period its secretary. He was one
of the original members of the Civil Service Reform Association of Pennsylvania,
and acted as its secretary at its first meeting, and was for years its treasurer and
a member of its executive and finance committees.
Mr. Sayres is a vice-president of the board of trustees for the Northern Home
for Friendless Children and Associated Institute for Soldiers' and Sailors' Or-
phans ; secretary of the board of managers of the Children's Hospital of Philadel-
phia ; and a life member, councillor, and one of the board of managers of the
Mercantile Beneficial Association.
Edward S. Sayres became a member of Company D, First Regiment Infantry,
National Guard of Pennsylvania, 1874, and served with his company during the
coal riots of 1875, and again in the labor riots of 1877, being with his command
in the Round House at Pittsburgh. He was elected First Lieutenant of Company
D, 1879, and was in command of the company, First Lieutenant Commandant,
when he resigned his commission in 1880. He was for many years treasurer of
Company D's civil organization, of which he is an honorary member. He is also
a member of the "Old Guard" of Company D, and of the Veteran Coi-ps of the
First Regiment Infantry, National Guard of Pennsylvania.
Mr. Sayres is a member of the council of the Historical Society of Pennsyl-
vania ; a founder and recording secretary of the Genealogical Society of Pennsyl-
vania ; one of the board of managers of the Christ Church Historical Association :
and a member of the Geographical Society of Pennsylvania, and National Geo-
graphical Society. He is also secretary of the Society of Colonial Wars in the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania : one of the board of managers of the Pennsyl-
vania Society of the Sons of the Revolution, and several times a delegate to the
General Society ; a founder and sometime a member of the Council of the Colonial
Society of Penn.sylvania : treasurer of the Pennsylvania Society of the War of
1812, and a delegate to the General Society; and for several years a member of the
Council of the Pennsylvania Commandery of the Military Order of Foreign
Wars of the United States, and treasurer-general of the National Commandery.
In 1865 Mr. Sayres was one of the founders of the Merion Cricket Club, then
of Ardmore, now of Haverford, Pennsylvania, is now a member of its board of
governors, chairman of its house committee, and has been its secretary for over
thirty years. He is likewise a member of the Radnor Hunt. P)ryn ^Mawr Polo
Club, and the Rittenhouse Club of Philadelphia.
Edward Stalker Sayres married (first), December 15, 1881, at St. James'
Protestant Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, Caroline Linda Jennings, daughter of
Silas Weir and Caroline (Kalbfus) Lewis, of Philadelphia ; by whom he had issue :
Limia Lewis Sayres. b. Sept. 28, 1882; m. Jan. 3, 1906, at St. James Protestant Episcopal
Church, Phila., Morris Shallcross Phillips, son of John Bakewell Phillips, of Pitts-
burgh. Pa., and Pasadena, Cal.. grandson of the late Hon. Ormsby Phillips, at one
time Mayor of Allegheny, prominent citizen of Pittsburgh, and great-grandson of
late Col. Asher Phillips, U. S. A. ; on maternal side grandson of Joseph Shallcross, of
Sharon Hill, Pa., great-grandson of late Dr. Morris Cadwalader Shallcross, a well-
known physician of Phila.: a descendant of Leonard Shallcross. founder of family in
Pa., who settled in Bucks co., about 1700: direct descendant of Maj. John Ormsby,
who was with Gen. Braddock at Fort Duquesne.
Mrs. Sayres died October 9, 1882, and Mr. Sayres married (second), April 3,
1888, at St. Michael's Church, Germantown, his first wife's cousin, Mary Victoria,
daughter of Frederic Mortimer and Emma Hulme Carvill Lewis, and sister to the
late Prof. Henry Carvill Lewis, the well-known geologist and scientist.
Thomas Yokke, first American ancestor of Philadelphia family of that name,
came from Yorkshire, England, when a young man, and about 1730 became a
clerk for Thomas Potts, Jr., at Colebrookedale furnace in what is now Berks
county, Pennsylvania. He was born in 1708, and came of an eminent family that
had been long seated in the county of York. According to Burke, the Yorke fam-
ily had for many generations maintained a leading position there amongst the
great landed proprietors; Bevely Hall, near Ripon, being the family seat. Sir
John Yorke, Knight, was Lord Mayor of London, and one of the trustees named
in the will of Richard Whittington, of nursery ballad fame. He was father of
ten sons, two of whom, Edward and Edmund, became Vice -Admirals of the
Royal Navy, and attained knighthood.
Thomas Yorke, Pennsylvania immigrant, was doubtless descended from one of
ten sons of Sir John Yorke, but his lineage has never been definitely traced. He
was a man of ability and education, and became prominent in the affairs of that
section of Philadelphia county, incorporated into Berks county in 1752. He was
commissioned a Justice, June 30, 1749, was one of the Justices of the Court of
Common Pleas, after the organization of the county of Berks, and also represent-
ed that county in the Provincial Assembly in 1756-57. In December, 1747, the
Provincial Assembly having adjourned without making any provision for the
defense of the province against the depredations of the Indians on the frontier or
invasion from abroad, he was one of those "who had the love of their country
sincerely at heart," described in the message of Anthony Palmer, President of
Assembly, in his message to the reconvened House, May 17, 1748, "who volun-
tarily entered into an association for defence ; formed companies which proceeded
to choose officers, who, in turn, assembled and chose their superior officers, all
being commissioned by the direction of the Provincial Council." Among the regi-
ments formed under these proceedings was "The Associated Regiment of the
County of Philadelphia," of which Edward Jones was chosen Colonel and Thomas
Yorke, Lieutenant Colonel, and both duly commissioned : they having previously
been selected Captains of companies in the manner above described. He was also
interested in the Provincial navy, and, in 1761, was authorized, by Council, to sell
the Provinceship, and to perform other duties relative to the navy.
Thomas Yorke seemed to have been a progressive business man ; and his name
occurs as one of three underwriters on an early policy of insurance for ^360,
dated 1757, on the sloop, "George," Capt. (or Master) Burrows, issued for Will-
iam Fisher & Company, through J. Saunders and William Gibson.
Thomas Yorke died June 24, 1764, and was buried at Perkiomen, plot of Robe-
son family, where his tombstone bears this inscription :
"IN MEMORY OF
THOMAS YORKE, ESQR.
Who departed this life
June 23. 1764, Aged 56 yrs."
Thomas Yorke married (first). 1736, Martha Potts, born 1718, died 1741.
daughter of his employer, Thomas Potts, Jr., of Colebrookedale, by his second
wife, Magdalen Robeson, his first wife being Martha, daughter of Peter Keurlin,
one of the original founders of Germantown.
Thomas Potts, Jr., was born in Wales, 1680, and is supposed to have been a
son of John Potts, of Llanrigg, Montgomeryshire, several of whose orphan chil-
dren, as shown by the minutes of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of Friends, were
sent over in charge of Friends to Philadelphia, with their uncle, Thomas Potts,
who was one of the colony of Welsh, collected by David Powell and John Morris,
and brought over to Pennsylvania in the "William Galley" in 1698; the other
"orphans" being John Potts, "ship carpenter" ; Mary Potts married Mathias
Tyson ; Margaret Potts married Evan Morgan ; and Eleanor Potts married
Thomas Potts, Jr.. resided for many years in Germantown and the adjoining
township of Bristol, and became prominent in the affairs of that locality at an
early age, purchasing and conveying land while still a minor ; a deed being made
by him, in 1707, confirming the title to land conveyed in 1700, before he had
arrived at legal age. He was elected Sheriff of Germantown, February 16, 1702-
03, and resided in that town until the death of his wife, in 1716; at about this
period he is mentioned as a "victualler" and butcher in Philadelphia, but seems
to have later taken up his residence in Germantown. In 17 16 he purchased a tract
of land in Gilbert's Manor, now Upper and Lower Providence townships, Mont-
gomery county, Pennsylvania, and had removed to that locality prior to 1726,
when he became associated with Thomas Rutter, pioneer iron manufacturer of
Pennsylvania, in the ownership and conduct of Colebrookedale furnace and forge,
and settled there, and was actively interested in the iron interests of the Mana-
tawny district until the close of his life. At the death of Rutter, 1730, he pur-
chased a one-half interest in the Colebrookedale tract, and 250 acres of land, in-
cluding the Rutter Mansion House, called "Popodickon." He also purchased, in
1736, of Gerhard Henkel, 192 acres additional, and his three sons all having mar-
ried granddaughters of Thomas Rutter, a considerable part of the Rutter iron
interests became vested in the Potts family, and many of the descendants of