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Report of the president of the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland online

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The Johns Hopkins Press


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New Series. 1922, No. 7. NOVEBifBBR, 1921 Whole Number, 341


OF THE Johns Hopkins Universitt.

to submit to you my annual report as President of the

academic year ending September 30, 1922. Attached

>orts from the various departments of the University

jments of the work done during the year as well as of

)ressing needs.


B feature of the year which has just closed is the great
iowment. From this point of view the academic year
iner year in our history. During the past year we have
I, This large sum has for the most part been con-
lal work, including within that term the work of the
! and Public Health. The general funds of the insti-
3ome from which the work of the University not medical
n large part depend, have unfortunately been only very
In my last report attention was directed to the necessity
funds. That necessity is now no less pressing than it
one might justly say ih&t our needs in the immediate
iter than they have been during the past two or three
[g of the Alumni Memorial Dormitoiy begun during the
necessity of beginning at once the construction of a
ry at Homewood, for which up to the present we have
r, will make it necessary to take steps at once to make

/ 531090 3

^\xA (RtCAF)

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Annual Report of the President


the endeavor which so many other institutions have made or are now
making to increase the general University endowment.


Apart from the il crease in our endowment, which has heen mentioned,
the past year has not been an eventful one. I am glad to be able to
report that the productive work of our teaching staff continues to be ' '
of the characteristics of the institution. A perusal of the departm<
reports cannot fail to produce the impression that the University still
as one of its principal ideals the encouragement of research, botl
according to the members of its faculties sufficient time to carry on in^
gation and by training those among its advanced students who {
capacity in methods of research.

In the Philosophical Faculty particular mention should be made oi
work of those connected with the George Huntington Williams Exped
to South America. The results of this work are now appearin]
" Studies in Geology," a newly established serial publication issued u
the auspices of the Department of Geology and published by the J
Hopkins Press. Reference to the report of the Physics Department
show that interesting investigations have been carried on by Profei
Wood and Pfund which have already been rewarded by important res
Professor Jennings of the Department of Zoology has complete4 a mi
matical investigation of "Crossing-over in Inheritance.'' Prof
Willoughby of the Department of Political Science served as Tech
Expert to the Chinese Delegation in the Washington Conference or
Limitation of Armament and Far-Eastern Questions.

The bibliographies appended to the departmental reports show tha
teaching staff in the Philosophical Faculty, as well as in the other F
ties, do not consider that their entire activity is to be confined to the
instruction of students^


The total enrollment in the University this year was nearly 10% greater
than the year preceding, the total being 3,872 as compared with 3,530 for
1920-21. The major part of this increase is to be found in the Summer
Courses of 1921 and in the part-time students attending the College Courses
for Teachers and the Business Courses in Economics. There was also a
gratifying increase in the number of graduate students, which is beginning
to reach the normal pre-war condition. The increase in the number of
undergraduate students is slowing down, although the number here
the past year was actually greater than ever before in the history
University. Dean Latane indicates that the necessary limitation

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1001] Military Training — Memorial Dormitory 5

number of this class of students may to some extent be made " by enforc-
ing more ri^dly the entrance requirements and refusing to admit students

in every particular."


Director of the Bureau of Appointments,
hat 187 of the 218 freshmen who entered
mind the work upon which they expected
le professions particularly favored were
[ Engineering with 53. Twenty expected

while 20 intended to enter upon business

past year in connection with the Under-
lool of Business Economics will unques-
ving greater emphasis to the vocational


report that the Johns Hopkins University
led class of collegiate institutions giving
or of Military Science and Tactics in his
ity for our failure to attain this honor,
a system of theoretical instruction which
'ord my policy is to give a maximum of
inimum of drill. This last year the War
ating which gave but 25% to theoretical
instruction, and 50% to other matters."'
be found in the plant possessed by the
•y instruction such as an armory and a

Homewood we have, as I have before
iuch a building would as well serve as an
slum handicaps both the Military Depart-
Physical Education, inasmuch as during

1 as well as physical training has to be
s the attempt is made to keep the students

theoretical work. Such an arrangement
« and cannot be expected to produce the


the first unit of the proposed dormitories
t features of Commencement Week. The
ibled at Homewood the day before Com-

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:ni*ni»^»?iii*nn asift '.:^ t.rsLStl ««r*tar'.r.7 iras beld in front of Gibnan Hftll,
iMWrxnr 'ui^ .•^nucr ea.«dat7 ei«'>^*«. Xeariy aH ihc cLascs w«re rqpie-
^i^sirAsU. h^wji.rj^^ 49'>CHtn^>>n was started in Angiift and has p r oe e cd cd
»^'<t*.r *£ut ,* ^^ *rxz^^^>fA tEat tL* bi-ldin^ will be ready for oceupan^ in
'iiti*: ^;-:nm<»r r.f I-^^S^, Tr.l? dorm:*>orT unit is erected by the alumni in
'*r.vaxiu^fXLt,'TXT,x,T. oi *cx/*e gra/i-^ates and ioTwer students who lost their


7;^ i .-/farian tSkll^ 2LtterAion in his report to the receipt by tl
7*r>.r.7 oi *r^, VA-vt^rA Hevfnre O-iler library, a gift by the late Sir ^
fy*^^ ^xA hj Iji/ij O.-Jer, intfrnded to serve as a foundation, togeth
a 5tottt fjff ^'J)/ffff) pTfrAonj-ly received, for the Tudor and Stuart du
jfyrfp^/it^ of thisi eirjb, whirrh is to consist of designated members
Vw^s'),',\y, fft ^pmfluHUi sltA undergraduate students, and of a few eil
r^^TKilj m«nbeT5i, arc " the eneouragcment of the study of English
tor* in tb/r TrAor And Stuart periods"; "the purchase of books i
Uf tJiA pfrnfA:A " And " the promotion of good fellowship and a
Wtf'cr^inrH aiw^njf the members/'


Tbft ro^/?ti imfx/rtant events in the last year at the Medical Seho
ft/j» flo with ehan^ftn in personnel. Dr. Geoi^e Canby Robinson, De
VroU^'A4fr of Me^licine at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Ten
fiplf</inied Acting Profewsor of Medicine on the resignation of D:
8, Thayer, and played an important and acceptable part in reorg
the department of medicine. The university is greatly indebted
for the work which he did and to Vanderbilt University for givi
the leave of alm^inr^e which made it possible for him to help us. Id
1022, Dr, Warfield T. Longcope accepted the chair of Medicine ai
tip the work of the department on July 1st.

The following members of our staff have been chosen to fill fi
prof(tHW)rHhipH and to organize their respective departments in th(
eal Kchool recently the University of Rochester: Dr.
W, ComeVf Anatomy; Dr. Stanhope Bayne- Jones, Bacteriology; D
M. WilHon, ObHtetrics and G^ynecology; Dr. William S. McCann, M(
When we remember that Dr. George H. Whipple, a graduate
Mcrlical School, and for a number of years an Associate Profei^v^v,* ^^
J'athology here, is Dean of the Rochester school and its professor of
Pathology, we can not but congratulate ourselves at this notable evidence
that the influence of our school is still spreading throughout the country.
Our «atiHfaction that this is the case must naturally be tempered greatly
by the realization of the loss we shall inevitably suffer through the resig-

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J003] The School of Engineering 7

nations of those who have been honored by being chosen for these im-
portant posts. We must, however, remember that one of the principal
" ^' ' '^ hool, as indeed of other parts of the Univer-
j of our history been the training of men to
s in higher education. This was one of the
Gilman in the inaugural address which he
: the University more than forty years ago.
out in such a striking manner the purpose
that we are still adhering to our traditional

Brsonnel that have occurred during the past
le vacancy in the professorship of Surgery
William Stewart Halsted, which occurred on
has suffered an irreparable loss in his death,
essor Dr. J. M. T. Finney has been appointed


eport that early in the year work was begun
aboratory and on the new Woman's Clinic,
pleted, it is expected, by June 1923, and will
►1 much more effective than it could be under
•ly existed. The construction of these build-
beginning of the realization of the expansion
)kins Hospital, to which attention has been
I which is so necessary if we are to look for-
' the Medical School of the enviable position
7 holds.

r school are still, as they have always been,
I of physicians, or even to that and the train-
subjects, but as well embrace the advance of
impressed upon any one who examines the
ructors and Graduates of the Johns Hopkins
r 1921-22" which is appended to the yearly
of the Medical School. The fact that gradu-
n their lines, subsequent to graduation, inves-
h a degree as this list would indicate, would
is sown in the early years of their medical
)ny ground.


iiaryland (Laws of 1912, Chapter 10) which

he School of Engineering possible, contained

statement that it was " deemed desirable to

is State the opportunities and facilities for

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Anrmal Report of the President


education in applied sciences and advanced technology/' In another part
of the Act it is said : " It is the intention with reference to the scholar-
ships [provision for which was made in the Act] awarded to the counties
and the City of Baltimore^ that the entrance requirements to the technical
courses or courses preparatory thereto at the Johns Hopkins University
shall hegin where the graduating requirements of the approved high
schools of this State leave off or of the Baltimore Polytechnic Institute."

This legislative Act would seem to have had two purposes: One, the
provision for education in applied science or advanced technology; the
other, the provision for courses preparatory thereto which should be accessi-
ble to graduates of approved State schools.

The growth of the undergraduate body of Engineering students, t. e,,
those students taking the work preparatory to the courses mentioned as
advanced technology courses, has been very rapid in the ten years' life
of the school, but little progress has been made in the instruction of
advanced students. Of the three hundred students in the school during
the past year only three were advanced or graduate students. The report
of the Dean of the School calls attention to the need of further support
" for stimulating graduate work and experimental research. Members of
the staff now engaged in experimental or other forms of engineering
investigation are greatly hampered by the routine demands of under-
graduate instruction. We need at least one additional member of the
staff in each of the branches of engineering who can devote part of his
time to graduate instruction and research." Until such time as this
request may be granted it is submitted that we are realizing only one of
the purposes of the Act providing for the School. Our failure in this
respect is of course due to the inadequacy of our means. The addition of
$25,000 to the annual budget of the School would make it possible both to
grant the request of the Dean of the School of Engineering, and as well
to make provision for the annual additions to the equipment of the School
which are necessary if that equipment is to be expected to continue to
portray adequately the existing conditions of the mechanic arts which
are the subjects of the School's instruction.

The School of Engineering, in addition to giving to the best of its
ability the instruction mentioned by the Act of the State Legislature
which has made the School possible, has, as has been its custom, cooperated
with our local industries in the solution of engineering problems. Special
mention should be made of the work done in the Power House at the request
of the Pennsylvania Water & Power Co. in ascertaining the heating value
of coal washed down the Susquehanna Eiver from the culm banks and mine
wastes of the Pennsylvania anthracite region and deposited above the
dam of the company. As there are estimated to be available about
1,000,000 tons of this coal and as the tests made show that mixtures of

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1005] School of Hygiene amd Public Health 9

50% of this coal with 50% of bituminous coal can be burned with
relatively high economy, the contribution made by iiie School is one of
no small value in davs of coal shorta^ such as those in which we are

the award to Dean Whitehead, Professor
;he triennial prize of 5000 francs of the
Li^ge, Belgium, for his research on " The
Btric Strength of Air," published by him
, graduate student. This prize is awarded
cineers for the best original work in the

;tention which should be given to graduate
lent is not due to the lack of instructors


I the life of the School of Hygiene and
year has been its permanent endowment
Founded four years ago upon an annual
it $250,000 in addition to such tuition fees
L has, through the munificent action of the
it $6,000,000, all of which was paid in cash
•ed the opportunity of continuing its work
ratifying, not only because the permanent
ereby made certain, but as well because it
a the one hand of the Foundation's confi-
les of the school, and on the other of its
poses are being realized,
ver, that magnificent as the gift is, it does
nities of the School except in one respect,
Quch more commodious than the somewhat
ih the School at present commands. This
Toundings is of course something which is
d have been long delayed had it not been
3ut that a school which has been so suc-
s life will not find new opportunities for
it must be borne in mind that the Trustees
3nerosity of the Foundation have assumed

mnual report on the work of the School

ler that the opportunities for useful work

health authorities are very great. Partic-

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10 Annual Report of the President

ular attention may be directed to the work being done b^
of Epidemiology and Immunology in conjunction with
ment of Health in the study of diphtheria, that done by t
Biometry and Vital Statistics under a grant from th
Fund in the study of tuberculosis, that done by the depai
Zoology in carrying out investigations both in the tropics
of Maryland in Protozoology and Entomology, that doi
ment of Physiological Hygiene in the problems of schoo
that done by the department of Chemical Hygiene in t]
cooperation with the Medical School and Hospital of tl
concerned in rickets and bone formation in general,
also be made of the "Washington County Demonstrat
lished by the School in cooperation with other public hea
which has just completed its first year of work.

All of these undertakings are significant not only of
open for work in cooperation with other health agencies
definite value to the puljlic, but as well of the directi
School will have to move if it is to make provision i
field work for its students. For a school of public heall
to rely as may a medical school upon a hospital to provi
for its students, must for this important branch of its
look to existing health agencies or must itself organi
That the establishment of further agencies of this chai
of the activities which the school will have to assume
A greater endowment than that now available will be n
that this development may take place.

The imposing list of publications appended to Dr. I
indicative that the faculty of this, the newest school of tl
the same ideals for the realization of which the Univei
forty-six years ago.


The cooperation of the University in connection \
Courses with other agencies has continued. The enrollm
somewhat smaller than during the preceding year. This (
expected in view of the unprecedented increase of that yea]
esting and probably the most important work in the Summ
the past summer was done in connection with a dena
conducted with the active cooperation of the Baltimore (
as one of the city vacation schools. Such a school w
summer of 1921. Ninety per cent, of the children that
work satisfactorily and were recommended for the next ]
Those who were thus promoted were under observation

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1007] The College Courses for Tenchers 11

quent half-year, and it was found that ninety-one per cent, of those
remaining in school in February had done satisfactorily the work of the
grade to which they had been promoted. Probably the most significant
feature of the undertaking is to be found in the fact that a plan which
made it possible for a child to do in the eight weeks of the summer vaca-
tion school what requires five months of ordinary school work, was carried
out under such conditions as make it possible of ready adoption in sys-
tems of public education. The success of the experiment in the summer
of 1921 was so marked that it was followed by a very large number of

to the demonstration vacation school last sum-
Dse of the school was 327. Of these 132 were in
I 245 in the elementary grades; of the former
recommended for promotion, the recommenda-
logical tests, teacher judgments and pupil marks,
of education, which with the cooperation of the
►n formulated the plan, has, it is believed, made
one of the most important of the problems in
le saving of as much time as possible for the
t student.


tor of these courses shows ^ notable growth in
in the number of courses given. Owing to the
:e given at hours when the buildings of the
d by the regular University classes, expansion
possible without interfering with t)ur primary
'om the beginning have been financed from the
! attending them, this particular expansion of
ilso without burdening our rather overburdened
icrease in the number of the courses and those
jgarded with less apprehension than a similar
1-time students.

re given which were attended by 1037 persons,
these numbers were 54 and 759, respectively,
iding these courses 114 were candidates for the
ience, while the same number, i. e., 114, were
apartments of the University. In fact students
er departments were to be found on the roster
Teachers. Two hundred and eighty-nine of the
the year before continued their work here this
idates received the degree of Bachelor of Science

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12 Annual Report of the President


The Financial Report; showing! in detail the operations £
year ending June 30, 1922, and the condition of the Univer
on that date; has been published, and copies may be obtain
Treasurer by those interested. Reference to this report wii
following facts :

Total Income from Operations was

An increase this year of

This increase came from the following sources:

Increase in Endowment:

Funds Income $131,977.30

Increase in Tuition Fees 33,292.64

Less: —
Decrease in miscellaneous in-
come $70,848.43

Amount set aside to cover 1921
advances from De Lamar and

Welch Funds 73,630.30


Of the total income, the amount received from students
cent., the income from invested funds 40 per cent, from I
Maryland 6 per cent., and from other items 32 per cent.

The total operating expenses for the year were

A net increase for the year of $20,791.21

This increase is accounted for as follows:

Increase in salaries $79,292.5S

Less : —
Decrease in wages,

fuel, supplies, etc. $42,525.95
Decrease in appa-
ratus, books, and

plant 15,975.42 58,501.37


The amount paid for salaries during the year constituted
of the total expenses, the amount paid for expenses 32 x>er c<
amount paid for apparatus, equipment, and other items 2 pe

The result of the increase noted in income is that again iiv
year without a deficit, although we have at the same time <
sphere of our activities. This result is, of course, extremely
It does not, however, as was pointed out in my last report,
make less necessary the endeavor to secure a larger endowmei

We have for the past year or two been using for our cun
of operation the income from money obtained from the sale of

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1009] Firumcial Statement 13

buildings at the old site. All of this money will have to be devoted to

Online LibraryJohns Hopkins UniversityReport of the president of the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland → online text (page 1 of 29)