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Wight, 75-6, of Stoke Bruerne, Northants, 76-85,
and of Girton, co. Cambridge, 86.
Marshall, rev. James McCall, born in Birmingham
1 April, 1838; o.s. James, gent. Trinity, matric.
8 June, 57, aged 19 (from Manchester gr. school),
scholar 57-62, B.A. 62; fellow Brasenose 63-6,
M.A. 64 (Honours :— i classical mods. 59, 1
classics 61); assistant master Clifton college 65-9,
second master at Dulwich 65-84, and headmaster
Durham school 84.
Davenport, John Davies, born at Oxford, 15 July,
1840; is. John Marriott, solicitor. Balliol,
matric. 22 Oct., 58, aged 18 (from Rugby), B.A. 62 ;
fellow Brasenose 64-76, M.A. 65 (Honours:—

1 mathematical mods. 60, 1 mathematics 62, senior
mathematical scholarship 63, Johnson's mathematical
scholarship 63) ; bar.-at-law, Lincoln's Inn, 66.

Wordsworth, right rev. John, fellow 67-71 and 82-5,
see among hon. fellows, page 351.

Case, Thomas, fellow 68-70 ; of Corpus Christi 82-90,
and of Magdalen 90, where see page 315.

Ward, Thomas Humphrey, born at Hull, Yorks, 9
Nov., 1845; 3s. Henry, vicar of St. Barnabas,
London. Brasenose, matric. 1 June, 64, aged 18
(from Merchant Taylors' school), scholar 64-9, B.A.
69, fellow 69-72, M.A. 72, tutor 71-81 (Honours : —

2 classical mods. 66, and 1 classics 68); 1st in
examination for Indian C.S. 66, student of Lincoln's
Inn 66 ; " Times " art critic. See Men and Women
of the Time.

Riieker, Arthur William, fellow 1871-6, see among
hon. fellows, page 351.

Ednmndson, George, born at Redcar, Yorks, 4 Feb.,
1848 ; is. George, cler., deceased. Magdalen,
matric. 19 Oct. , 67, aged 19 (from St. Peter's school,
York), demy 67-71 ; B.A. 70; fellow Brasenose 71-
81, mathl. lecturer 71-80, M.A. 74, tutor and junio.
bursar 75-80 (Honours : — 1 mathematical mods. 69,
1 maths. 70, senior mathl. scholarship 72), mathl.
examiner 75-6 ; vicar of Northolt, Middlesex, 81.

Leadam, Isaac Saunders, born in London 9 Nov.,
1848 ; 3s. Thomas Robinson D.Med. University
Coll., matric. 19 Oct., 67, aged 18 (from Mer-
chant Taylors' school), scholar 67-72, B.A. 71 ;
fellow Brasenose 72-6, S.C.L. 72, M.A. 74,
assistant classical tutor of Brasenose and Magdalen
73-5 (Honours : — 1 classical mods. 69, 1 classics
71); bar.-at-law, Lincoln's Inn, 76, inspector 01
schools 74-6, a candidate for parliament for Barn-
staple and Altrincham divisions.
Masterman, John Story, born at Wallingford, Berks.
14 July, 1849 ; is. Thomas, cler. Corpus Christi,
matric. 20 Oct., 68, aged 19 (from Rugby), scholar
68-73, B.A. 73; fellow Brasenose 737, M.A. 75
(Honours : — 1 classical mods. 70, 1 classics 72) ;
assistant master University college school, London,
78.



357



BRASENOSE COLLEGE.



358



Whittuck, Charles Augustus, born at Walcot, near
Bath, 19 Oct., 1849; 3s. Joseph, arm. Oriel,
matric. 23 Oct., 68, aged 19 (from Eton), exhibi-
tioner 68, B.A. 73 ; fellow Brasenose 73-89, M.A.
75, tutor 80-3, vice-principal 81-3 (Honours: — 2
classical mods. 70, 2 classics 72) ; rector of West
Shefford, co. Cambridge, 87.

Brown, Gerard Baldwin, born in London

1850 ; o.s. James Baldwin, cler. Oriel, matric. 25
Oct., 69, aged 19 (from Uppingham school), scholar
69-74; fellow Brasenose 74-7, B.A. 74, M.A. 76
(Honours : — 2 classical mods. 71, 1 classics 73,
English essay 74) ; professor of fine art Edinburgh
University 80.

Chandler, Arthur, born at Witley, Surrey, 25 March,
1859; 4s. John, vicar of Witley 39-76. University
Coll., matric. 12 Oct., 78, aged 19 (from Marl-
borough), scholar 78-83, B.A. 82 ; fellow Brasenose
83-92, M.A. 85, tutor 83, and chaplain 85-90
(Honours : — 1 classical mods. 80, 1 classics 82),
select preacher 92 ; chaplain to the bishop of
Salisbury 88-90, rector of Poplar 91.

OTHER RESIDENT MEMBERS OF
CONGREGATION.

Brown, rev. Frederick John, born at Macclesfield,
Cheshire, 11 April, 1849 ; is. James Heakes, gent.



Brasenose, matric. 22 Oct. , 67, aged 18 (from
Macclesfield school), B.A. 72, M.A. 74 (Honours :
— 2 classical mods. 69, 4 classics 71) ; curate of St.
Philip and St. James, Oxford, 72.

Clayton, Horace Evelyn, born at Farnborough,
Hants, 3 April, 1853 ; 5s. John Henry, rector of
Farnborough, etc. Brasenose, matric. 1 June, 71,
aged 18 (from Marlborough gr. school), scholar 71,
B.A. 75, M.A. 78 (Honours: — 3 classical mods.
73, 2 theology 75, Greek testament prize fj,
theological scholarship 78) ; chaplain Magdalen 79,
and divinity lecturer 84, chaplain of New Coll.
79-85, curate 76-80, and vicar of St. Mary Mag-
dalen with St. George the Martyr, Oxford, 84.

Grissell, Hartwell de la Garde, born in Lambeth,
Surrey, 14 Dec, 1839; 3s. Thomas, of Norbury
Park, Dorking, arm. Brasenose, matric. 31
March, 59, aged 19 (from Harrow), B.A. 65, M.A.
66 ; chamberlain to Pope Pius IX. 69-78, and to
Leo XIII. since 78.

Joyce, rev. Gilbert Cunningham, born at Harrow,
Middx. , 8 April, 1866 ; 3s. Francis Hayward, vicar.
Brasenose, matric. 14 Oct., 84, aged 18 (from
Harrow), scholar 84, B.A. 88, M.A. 92; Honours:
— 1 classical mods. 86, 1 classics 88.




ashmole's chair, in the ashmolean, given him by Charles II.— From Shaw's Specimens of

Ancient Furniture.



359



BRASENOSE COMMONERS.



360



§>cJ)oIar0,* <2Br&ititionet0, + anti Commoners.



Of



*Stevenson, William H.
*Askwith, George R.
*Bellewes, George O.
*Storr, George G.
*Lomax, John A.
*fBates, Henry J.
*Gee, Claude V.
Phillips, Thomas F.
Merry, Theodore A.
Phillips, George W.
Low, William M.
Wallace, Robert H.
Hitchcock, Thomas
Jenkins, William T. L.
Sitwell, Edward S.
Rhodes, Frederick J. M.
Ducker, John A.
Barton, Harry S.
Brooke, Frederick W.
Barry, Douglas H.
Puxley, John L.
Steele, Frederick A. S.
Miller, George R.
Middleton, Frederick S.
Armstrong, Thomas P.
Haig, Douglas
Pike, War burton H.
Puxley, Edward L.
Reade, Joseph
Shrubb, John P. C.
Horwood, Faulkner R.
Rhodes, Robert H.
Tatham, William M.
Breeds, James



*fRead, Herbert J.
*+Tracey, John
*+Johnstone, Robert S.
*Law, Robert H.
*fBodington, Eric J.
fTomlinson, Bernard D.
•f-Espinasse, Richard T.
Pedder, Thomas
Gambier, Michael S. G.
Ingram, Henry H.
Melville, Beresford V.
Cousins, Walter J.
Stanton, Wilfrid J.
Wilson, David L.
Parkes, Harry R.
Grant, Edmund L. D.
Gore, hon. Seymour F. O.
Casson, Arthur C. B.
Rawson, Richard H.
Crossman, Robert
Wynne, George
Tristram, Percy P.
Gowlland, Peter Y.
Bromfield, John B.
Blake, Arthur R. F.
Latham, Alexander M.
Asher, Augustus G. G.
Stewart, Charles E.
Milliken, Ernest
Allen, Herbert R.
Rawstorne, William
Barry, Lionel E.
Popham, Francis W. L.
Kirkpatrick, Harry P.



whom biographical notices aj.

Bevan, Richard H.
Fisher, Charles B.
Dunne, Thomas R.
Scott, William
Gaudet, George H.
Humphreys, Francis J.
Whitworth, Joe P.

1882.

*fGwynn, Stephen L.
*Devenish, William H.
♦Selbie, William B.
*fWare, John H.
fWebb, Alfred E.
fPrice, George H.
■f-Lowndes, Charles A.
Johnson, Ronald F. G.
Grove, Henry
Homfray, Francis R.
Powys, hon. John
Maurice, James M.
Gordon- Watson, Henry
Lane, Sidney E. R.
Fenwick, Cecil O. M.
Jacques, William B.
Phipps, John C. B.
Methuen, James
Dobinson, Henry H.
Good, Edward H.
Popham, Hugh F. A. L.
Shackleton, George R.
Skyrme, Frank E.
Taylor, Arthur M. C.
Lethbridge William
Pope, Reginald H.
Barry, William J.
Child, Coles
Small, Edward H. T. F.
Dun, Tohn A.
Nelson- Ward, Hugh H. E.



*fRutherford, Arthur (82)
*Hobart-Hampden, E. M.
*fMacpherson, Ewan F.
*Frampton, Richard E. E.
*Dewe, Thomas
*Macfadyan, William A.
*fRhys, Daniel L.
fGordon, Robert W.
fKershaw, John B.
fRubie, Alfred E.
Holmes, Harry
Pulling, Charles W.
Smith, Thomas H. R.
Coates, Herbert
Jardine, John I. F.
Arnall, Harry T.
Stone, Henry J.
Wootten, Herbert E. W.
Duncombe, Albert W.
Douglas, Daniel G.
Blair, Alexander S.
Basset, Alexander W.
Curwen, Edward D.
Samson, Walter
Hugonin, Edgar
Baker, Henry C.
Bulpit, Frederick W.
Wade, Harry S.



bear in ike matriculations 1880-92.



Culley, John H.
Dewar, Charles G.
Floyd, Ernest
Keeling, John H.
Jeffrey, Alexander N.
Berry, Charles W.



*fJoyce, Gilbert C.
♦Bill, Arnold F.
*Jackson, Arthur M. T.
*fWalmsley, John
*Rudd, George E.
•Knowles, John G.
•f-Custance, Arthur F. M.
•fStrickland, Henry E.
■fEllis, Francis H. B.
Bedford, Albert E. R.
Castens, Herbert H.
Mellen, Chase H.
Barchard, Herbert P.
Greenway, George C.
Alderson, Edward H.
Appach, Arthur R.
McCance, John S. F.
Mellen, Clark V.
Czarnikow, Horace
Sutton, Walter
Blyth, Percy H.
Vernon-Bowater, G. H.
Haines, Percy N.
Hill, Reginald D.
Davies, John
Pearson, Alexander
Bradford, Charles C.
Hammond, George A.
Lynch, John F.
Ormond, Arthur W.
Gregson, Francis S. K.
Rhodes, George E.
Harvey, Ralph K.

1885.

*+Titchener, Edward B.
•Burnett, Harry C.
*Wood, Alfred H.
*Holyoak, Amandus W.
*Robinson, Raphael
* J ones, Edward W.
fCrowdy, William M.
•f Russell, Arthur E.
fWilliams, William L.
fAshby, Paul O.
Jowers, Bertram S.
Grubb, Louis H.
Parker, Henry R.
Routledge, Frederick
Pearson, Andrew
Rimmer, Sydney R.
Heath, John E.
Boswell, John D.
Rawlinson, John B.
Tilney, Robert H.
Young, James A.
Barbour, John M.
Rashleigh, William
Force, Charles F. B.
fGarden, Huntley C. (88)
Parker, Thomas
Simpson, Cyril E.



Tabberer, Hugh B.
Hayne, Robert
Martin, Henry B.
Nixon, Harry V.
Frere, Laurie
Fisher, Stanley

1886.

*fPorter, Robert W.
*Finn, Frank
*Maudson, Arthur H.
*Currie, Charles S. (85)
*Watkins, Philip M.
*fMoore, Harold B.
fNorgate, Gerald Le G. (84)
fHarry, Leslie W. (85)
fRobbs, Lewis
Brown, Alfred
Cunningham, George
Harrison, Herbert W. B.
Milne-Redhead, A. C.
Greenway, Kelynge
Holland. William F. C.
Barker, Frederick G.
Faulkner, Thomas
Chichester, Charles
Macrorie, Basil F. N.
Hay, Reginald N. E.
Knight, Francis H. G.
Puxley, Francis L. L.
Bedford, Bernard F. R.
Nowell, Walter S.
Penreth, John L.
Venning, Alfred J. M.
Browne, Charles H.
Davis, Ernest de G.
Sinclair, William H. M.
Wearing, James W.
Kent, William C.
Spottiswoode, Cyril A.

1887.

•Denbigh, John H.
*fCripps, Reginald
*Holmes, Charles J.
*Peele, Richardson
*Farnsworth, Walter
*Cornish, Basil S.
•Williams, Llewellyn S. (84)
*fTristram, Charles E.
*fHodgson, Charles H,
t Leigh, Richard E.
fTwentyman, Arthur E.
Canning, Hubert
Tawney, John A.
Wiggett, Henry E. A.
McLean, Alex.
Fisher, John C.
Watkinson, Frank
Glover, Alfred C.
Bridson, Francis C.
Browning, Bertie P.
Birks, Arthur H.
Corner, Horace G.
Keilor, John D. D.



*Barnes, Reginald G.
*Vickers, Ronald



36 1



BRASENOSE COMMONERS.



362



Commoners, 1888 [cont.~\

♦JTonge, Arthur W.
♦Child, Harold H.
*Coventry, Richard G. T.
*Browne, Lionel R.
*Lys, William
■f-Taylor, Herbert
•(■Ross-Barker, Edmund J. P.
j-Morris, Arthur J.
Spurrier, Walter H.
Waters, William A. P.
Wilkinson, Frederick
Shuckburgh, Charles J.
Barker, Gerald E.
Leith, Walter A.
Grundy, George B.
Johnson, Ernest
Westmacott, Charles R.
Horwood, Charles H. R.
Barsdorf, Ralph B.
Cowlishaw, Francis I.
Owen, Fearnley W.
Dalziel, Frederick Y'
Taylor, William E.
Bancroft, George P.
Bradford, Basil W.
Hammond, William R.
Moore, William M. S.
Falcon, Charles H.
Ford, James A.
Bayley, John
Langworthy, Richard
Hall, Edward G.
Burns-Lindow, Samuel L.



*Nutter, Alfred B.
*Evans, Francis D.
♦Williams, Walter G.
♦Graham, Robert A. (hon. )
♦fDuval, Stephen P.
♦Dun, Robert H.
♦Gritten, William G. H.



♦•(-Newman, Richard
fHallward, John
fDaller, Arthur G. H.
fMcMaster, Kenneth H.
Parkin, William H.
Edwards, Evan
Lyons, Gerald
Stenhouse, Vivian D.
Jefferies, Arthur C.
Dunn, William S.
Irish, Harold J. H.
Cockcroft, Edward F.
Rickards, Edward
Davies, John W. St. A.
Brown, Harold P.
Upton, Ralph D.
Persse, Henry S.
Turner, Montagu C. S.
Steedman, Henry P. G.
Anderson, James F.
Chamberlain, George A.
Willett, Cecil G. W.
Davies, Isaac R.
Currey, Cyril C.
Puxley, Herbert H. E. L.



♦Gough, Arthur V.
♦Jones, Alfred C.
♦Porter, John S.
♦Dobbs, Henry R. C. (hon.)
♦Low, Walter E.
♦Hampson, Henry C.
♦Norris, Henry R.
♦Leslie-Jones, Leycester H.
fGarrett, Abraham
fFreeman, James E.
fMacdonnell, Philip J.
Hammick, Stephen F.
Wilbraham, William R.
Laurie, Oscar S.
Pennyman, William G.
Moore, Ralph H.
Marsh, Hubert H. L. L,



Ashworth, John T.
Haleomb, Guy W.
Cave, Cecil B. C. B.
Walker, John M. S.
Dewhurst, William A.
Rhodes, William H.
Watson, William D. P.
Haldane, Henry C.
Stanger-Leathes, Thomas D.
Pontifex, Edmund C.
Allan, William L. C.
Brock, Hugh B. P.
Heriot, Everard A.
Chapman, Macnaughten H.
Rogers, Philip H.
Wedd, Henry G.
Grotrian, Harold H.
Carr, Douglas W.



♦Forrester, Edward E.
♦Bradbury, John S.
♦Price, Henry
♦Parker, Ernest J.
♦Rolleston, John D.
♦Coore, Alban
fFreeman, Horace
fSargent, Arthur J.
fMacvicar, Herbert M.
Evans, William M.
Burra, Richard P.
Thompson, Percy
Latham, Arderne M.
Goddard, William C. G.
Sidgwick, Edward D.
Pearson, Robert B.
Morgan-Payler, Frederick T.
Maunsell, Frederick B. L.
Stewart, William B.
Duff, Robert W.
Cowan, Charles H.
Norris, William
Elgee, Percival C.
Hodgkinson, Francis A. L.



Gibbes, Frank D.
Kennard, Charles H.
Powys-Keck, Thomas C. L.
Gairdner, Harry H.
Morgan, Henry J.
Simpson, Ronald H.
Donaldson, William P.
Bailv, Robert N.
Bedford, Edward G. G.
Paddison, Charles E.

1892.

♦Wright, Robert J.
♦Jones, Edgar
♦Jenkins, Richard A,
♦Taylor, Arthur B.
♦Crowfoot, John W.
♦Phillips, Christopher J.
♦Astbury, Charles J.
♦Ellwood, Henry W.
fHearn, James
f Woodman, Henry C.
fCarter, William M.
Weatherly, Alec J. F. H.
Worsley-Taylor, James
Eley, Charles C.
Jones, Cecil J.
Thomas, Richard J. F.
Rushton, James L.
Hall, Thomas A. C.
Goode, John
Palmer, Hubert G.
Bryant, Archibald F.
Williams, Thomas G H.
Shepherd-Cross, T. A. S.
Lloyd, Thomas O.
Radley, Harold Y.
Bowker, Benjamin T
Abell, William H.
Graham, James D.
Murphy, James K.
Lyon, George H.
Loosemore, Alfred




DOMUS CONVERSORUM.— From an Engraving by Skelton.




"9



L-;




XII.— CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE.




ICHARD FOXE, Bishop of Winchester and Lord Privy Seal to
Kings Henry VII. and VIII., was the Founder of this College. The
Foundation Charter was signed on March i, 151®, and the first
President and Fellows placed in corporal possession of the buildings on
March 5, following. Foxe, who was a great favourite of Henry VII.,
and practically his Prime Minister, was successively Bishop of Exeter,
Bath and Wells, Durham, and Winchester, then the richest See in
England. The principal event in his life (at least in its far-reaching
consequences) was his negotiation, while Bishop of Durham, of the
marriage between James IV. of Scotland and the Princess Margaret,
eldest daughter of Henry VII., which resulted, a century later, in the
permanent union of the English and Scottish Crowns under James VI.
Amongst the principal benefactors of the College have been Hugh
Oldham, Bishop of Exeter, an intimate friend of the Founder, who
persuaded him to change his original plan of a College for the
education of young monks, connected with the Monastery of St.
Swithin at Winchester, into one for students training for the secular or
parochial priesthood ; William Frost, the Founder's Steward ; John
Claymond and Robert Morwent, the two first Presidents ; Richard
Pate, Founder of the Cheltenham Grammar School, who died in 1588 ; Sir George St. Paul, Bart., who died in
16 1 3, and his wife Frances, subsequently Countess of Warwick ; and, lastly, Thomas Turner, President from
l68£ to 1 7 14, who built the Fellows' Buildings and bequeathed his valuable library to the College.

The Statutes, given by the Founder himself, are of peculiar interest, both on account of the vivid picture which
they present of the domestic life of a mediaeval College, and of the provision made for instruction in the new
learning introduced by the Renaissance. Their greatest novelty is the institution of a public lecturer, or Professor,
in Greek — the first instance, in either University, of the creation of a recognised and permanent office for the pur-
pose of giving instruction in the Greek language. There were also to be Professorships of Humanity (or Latin)
and of Theology, but the latter appears never to have been actually filled. Instead of it, there appears to have
been, during the early years of the College, a Lectureship in Mathematics, the holder of which was the famous
Bavarian astronomer, Nicolas Kratzer. The first occupant of the chair of Humanity was the celebrated Spanish
humanist, Ludovicus Vives, and of the chair of Greek, Edward Wotton, subsequently Physician to Henry VIII.

Erasmus, writing, shortly after the settlement of the infant society, to John Claymond, the first President, in
1519, speaks (Epist. ed. Le Clerc. No. 438) of the great interest which had been taken in Foxe's foundation by
Wolsey, Campeggio, and Henry VIII himself, and predicts that the College will be ranked "inter praecipua decora
Britanniae, " and that its " trilinguis bibliotheca " (i.e. in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew) will attract more scholars to
Oxford than were formerly attracted to Rome. This language, though doubtless exaggerated, shows the great
expectations formed by the promoters of the new learning of this new departure in academical institutions.

The Founder, throughout his statutes, fondly describes his College as " alvearium nostrum," our bee-hive.
And truly it was a busy hive of learning. The students were to attend early mass at five in the morning. Some
of the lectures began at six. Besides the lectures, there were constant disputations in the Hall, exercises to be
performed, and examinations to be passed in the evening on the work of the day. Even the Vacations were
mainly a respite from University exercises ; the College work, though varied in subject-matter, with less of logic
and philosophy and more of literature, going on, in point of quantity, much as usual. The domestic life was
simple, and the discipline severe. The Fellows and Scholars were to sleep two and two in a room (a limitation
which was a distinct advance on the existing practice at other Colleges), the Fellow in a high bed, and the Scholar
in a truckle bed. In the Hall, there were two meals in the day, dinner at eleven, and supper about five or six,



[ 365 ]



[ 366 j



367



CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE.



3 68



At these meals the Students were only allowed
to converse in Latin or Greek. They were not
allowed to go out of College, except to the
University Schools, without special leave, nor
unless accompanied by some other student. The
gates were finally closed at eight in the winter,
and nine in the summer. Any breach of rules was
severely punished, and the punishment seems to have
invariably followed on the offence. But this pristine
discipline and laborious mode of life seem to have
succumbed to the religious troubles of Edward the
Sixth's reign, and never to have been wholly revived.

We are peculiarly fortunate in obtaining a glimpse
of the interior life of the College within a quarter of a
century of its foundation. Laurence Humfrey,
President of Magdalen and Regius Professor of
Divinity, in his life of John Jewel, the illustrious
theologian who was subsequently Bishop of Salisbury,
has given us a graphic and tolerably full account of
his academical career, and specially of that part of it
which was spent within the walls of Corpus. He
had come up, when only 13 years of age, to Merton,
where he held a Postmastership. The endowment of
a Postmastership was, at that time, slender, nor did
it, like a Scholarship at Corpus, lead to a Fellow-
ship. Hence, for his pecuniary as well as his
educational advancement, his Merton Tutors were
anxious to place him at Corpus. Accordingly, in
August 1539, he stood for a Scholarship and was duly
elected. The lectures, disputations, exercises, and
examinations prescribed by the Founder seem still
to have been retained in their full vigour, though it is
curious to find that the author with whom young
Jewel was most familiar was Horace, whose works
were strangely omitted from the list of Latin books
recommended in the original statutes. Jewel, on
entering the College, was at once placed in the first
Logic class, where he made rapid progress, soon out-
stripping his class-mates, though they were senior to
him in age. At dinner, he attracted attention by his
recitations and declamations, and his exercises,
generally, were such as to earn the warm approbation
of the President and other authorities of the College.
His industry was unintermitting. He rose at four in
the morning (one hour before the first Mass), went to
bed ' late ' (at ten o'clock), and often spent whole
days in the Library. Under these incessant labours
his health broke down, for his body was feeble, and
his food was too simple and ' scholastic ' ; a word
which aptly marks the fact that plain living, hard
work and early rising were the order of the day in
the English Universities during the first half of the
sixteenth century, before they became a common
resort of rich men's sons, and while strict discipline
was still maintained in the Colleges. During an
attack of the plague, when the ' Somato-christiani ' (as
the members of Corpus were then commonly called)
had retired to their sanatorium at Witney, he suffered
so much from the cold, probably from want of a bed-
room, as to contract a lameness in one foot which
caused him to limp for the rest of his life. Truly, in
those days, the approach to learning \vas by no easy
or luxurious path !

At a due interval after proceeding to his B.A.
Degree, Jewel began to take pupils both in his
chamber and in the public rooms of the College.
The ardent student was no less assidous in the dis-
charge of his duties towards his pupils than towards
himself. They not only attended lectures, or received
private lessons, but they were examined at night in
what they had been taught in the morning, and every



week they wrote a declamation, while they were
constantly writing or reciting something in prose or in
poetry. The discipline was stern, and doubtless
effective. ' Free from anger, ' says his biographer,
' and from other affections, whom he loved he
chastened more severely, or more gently, according to
the measure of the fault ' : His ideas of ' recreation '
were very different from ours, and, perhaps, erred as
much in defect as ours in excess. ' He hardly took
any recreation but walking, and, even then, he was
either wrapt in meditation, or occupied in teaching
his pupils or in disputing, after the method of
Aristotle, with his colleagues.

From what we should now call a Tutorship, Jewel
passed to the Readership of Latin, and Humfrey's
account of his conduct in this office is interesting as
showing that it was still, as the Founder intended it to
be, of the nature of a University Professorship rather
than a College Lectureship. The lectures, which
were partly on the Orators, partly on the Poets, were
attended by members of other Colleges as well as
his own, and not by juniors only but also by seniors,
amongst whom were John Parkhurst, his old Merton
Tutor, and Humfrey himself.

One of the most noteworthy points in the sub-
sequent history of the College is the leaven of secret
Romanism which pervaded it throughout the reigns
of Edward VI. and Elizabeth, and does not seem to
have been entirely worked out till the Revolution.
A great quantity of sacred vessels and vestments was
concealed in and outside the College throughout the
reign of Edward VI., and during the early part of
Elizabeth's reign, till, in 1566, the vessels, with the
exception of a gold chalice and paten, still existing,
seem to have been removed by the Visitor's Commis-
sary, though the same, or other vestments, appear still
to have been retained in the College down to the time
of the Commonwealth. Another point which may be
noticed is the almost complete sweep of members of
the Foundation which was made by the Parliamentary
Visitors in 1648. The President, Robert Newlyn,
was, however, restored in 1660, and continued to
hold the Presidency till within a few months of the
Revolution of 1688, living to be over 90.

The original foundation consisted of a President,
twenty Fellows, twenty Scholars, two Chaplains, two
Clerks, and two Choristers, the only other members
of the College recognised in the Statutes being the
eight " Famuli Collegii," and a number, not exceed-



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