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bestowed upon this his last foundation Peckwater Inn or Vine Hall together with Canterbury College in addition,
so that the whole extent of the precincts on which Glides Christi, ' Christ Church, was established, has not changed
from that day.

This Foundation, though shorn of much of the grandeur which Wolsey had designed, remained paramount in
Oxford and practically unchanged for more than three centuries from 1547 to 1858. It consisted of : —

A Dean ; eight Canons ; a hundred Students, to whom one was added in 1663 ; eight Chaplains ; an

Organist ; eight singing men ; eight Choristers ; various subordinate officials.
As the King died without having sanctioned any Statutes, the House was governed by the Dean and Canons,
whose orders gradually crystallized into a traditional code.

With regard to the fabric between 1547 and 1858, the following additions were made to the buildings as
Wolsey had left them : —

The Hall Staircase, under Dean Samuel Fell.

The North side of the Great Quadrangle and about three Bays of the West side ; a block of buildings at S.
end of the Cloister facing the meadow ; the East side of the Chaplains' Quadrangle ; and Tom Tower,
under Dean John Fell.
Three sides of Peckwater Quadrangle, under Dean Aldrich.



1 This title is found at least as early as 1582.



[ 391—392 ]



393



CHRIST CHURCH.



394



The Library ', under Dean Smal-

ridge.
The Anatomy School, now the

Laboratory, under Dean Gregory.
Canterbury Quadrangle and Gate-
way, under Deans Markham and

Bagot.
Large Lecture Room by the Hall,

under Dean Smith.

Since 1858 Christ Church has
been in a state of Heraclitean flux,
having received two Ordinances and
one set of Statutes within twenty-
five years. One marked result of
recent legislation has been to reduce
the number of those on the Foun-
dation, e.g. —

The Canonries formerly eight are
now six ;

In place of a hundred and one
Studentships tenable under certain
conditions for life, are now thirty-
four Studentships and thirty-nine
scholarships tenable for periods
varying from two to fifteen years ;

The Chaplaincies formerly eight
are now six.

Much has been done under Dean
Liddell as regards the fabric in the
way of demolition, of renovation,
of addition. The range of Fell's
Buildings, the Organist's House,
the South and East sides of the
Chaplains' Quadrangle, all in a
state of great disrepair, have been
pulled down to make room for the
Meadow Buildings.

The interior of the Cathedral has
been carefully restored ; one of the
Bays of the Nave destroyed by
Wolsey has been rebuilt ; moreover,
the end of the South Transept has
been brought again within the
Cathedral after having long been
converted into a Verger's house.

The North side of the Cloister
also has been thrown open again
after having been for a century used
as a Muniment Room.

The Chapter House has been
entirely cleared of the partitions and
raised floor which disfigured it, so
that its pristine graceful proportions
can now be admired.

Of the houses belonging to the
two suppressed Canonries portions
of each have been converted into
College Rooms, and a new West
entrance to the Cathedral has been
made through one of them formerly
the lodgings of the Regius Professor
of Divinity.

The splendid peal of ten bells
in Dfc has been moved from the
Cathedral Tower, for which they
were far too heavy, to Wolsey's
Campanile over the Hall Stair-

1 The Books were previously in the
Refectory of St. Frideswide's since
divided into sets of rooms.




STATUE OF cardinal WOLSEY. — From Mackenzie and Pusin.



395



CHRIST CHURCH.



396



case, which has been raised more than thirty
feet.

It would take up too much space merely to enumerate
the distinguished men, who as Undergraduate mem-
bers of the House owed not a little to their training
herein, and by their subsequent career shed lustre
upon Christ Church ; while to write their lives would
in several instances be to transcribe pages of England's
history.

The Arms now borne by Christ Church are those of
Cardinal Wolsey : Sable, on a cross engrailed argent,



a lion passant gules between four leopards' faces
azure ; on a chief or, a rose of the third, seeded of the
fifth, and barbed vert, between two Cornish choughs
proper.

The Badge is a Cardinal's Hat with five tassels.

The Motto, belonging to Wolsey, is Dominvs Mihi
Aoivtor ; this was to be seen in the East Window
of the Choir, which existed during the whole of the
last and down to the middle of the present century.

T. Vere Bayne, M.A.




FROM AN ENGRAVING. — By Skelton.



397



DEANS OF CHRIST CHURCH.



393



VISITOR.

The QUEEN.
H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, D.C.L. ; H.R.H. the Crown Prince of Denmark, D.C.L.

DEANS.



1. Of Cardinal Wolsey's foundation.
Hygden, John, D.D., dean 1524-9.

2. Of the first foundation of King Henry the VIII.

Hygden, John, D.D., dean 18 July, 1532 ; M.A.,
D.D. 29 Jan. , 1513-14, president Magdalen 1516-
25 ; vicar of Beeding, Sussex, 1502-4, rector of
East Bridgford, Notts, 1504, prebendary of Lincoln

1521, and of York 1524 ; died 13 Jan. , 1532-3, buried
in the chapel of Magdalen coll. See Foster's
Alumni Oxonienses 706.

Oliver, John (alias Smith), D.C.L., dean Feb., 1532-3 ;
chaplain, B. C. L. 30 June, 1506, B. and D.Can.L.
suppld. 20 May, 1522, D.C.L. 21 July, 1522; rector of
St. Mary Mounthaw, London, resigned 1527, canon
of Southwell 1529, and of York 1533, vicar of Minster,
isle of Thanet ; an advocate Doctors' Commons

1522, a master in Chancery 1547; died in Doctors'
Commons about May, 1552. See Al. Ox. 1089.

3. Of the Cathedral Church of Christ.

1. Coxe, Richard, D.D., Dean of Oseney 8 Jan.,
1543-4, until dean of Christ Church 4 Nov., 1546,
deprived 1553 ; born at Whaddon, Bucks, scholar
King's coll., Cambridge, 1519 (from Eton), B.A.
1523-4; a junior canon Cardinal coll., 1525, incor-
porated 7 Dec, 1525, M.A. 8 Feb., 1525-6, his
Lutheran opinions drove him from Oxford, B.D.
Cambridge 1535, D.D. 1537 ; suppld. Michaelmas
term 1545 for incorporation as D. D. , chancellor of
the University 1547-52, master of Eton school,
chaplain to the king, archbishop Cranmer, and to
Dr. Goodrich, bishop of Ely ; archdeacon of Ely
1540, and first prebendary 1541, until deprived by
Q. Mary, preb. of Lincoln 1542-7, rector of Harrow-
on-the-Hill 1544, bishop designate of Southwell

1543, high almoner to the king, and preceptor to
the Prince of Wales (after Edward VI.) 1540, privy
councillor 1547, canon of Windsor 1548, dean of
Westminster 1549-53, rector of Kelshall, Herts,
1552, imprisoned in the Marshalsea 1553 for his
adherence to the principles of the Reformation, and
retired to Germany in 1554 having been deprived of
all his benefices ; on the succession of Q. Eliz. he
was elected bishop of Norwich 1559, but transferred
before consecration to that of Ely 1559, until his
death 22 July, 1581, aged 81, buried in the cathedral
church ; his will dated 20 April, 1581, proved 10
Aug. following. See Al. Ox. 341.

2. Martiall, Richard, dean 1553, resigned May,
1559, on the accession of Q. Kliz. ; scholar Corpus
Chkisti 1532-8, from Kent, B.A. 5 Dec, 1537,
fellow 1538, M.A. 5 Oct., 1540, B.D. suppld. Oct.,

1544, student Christ Church 1547, D.D. 18 July,
1552, vice-chancellor part of 1552 ; prebendary of
Winchester 1554, deprived 1561, chaplain to lord
Arundel, " went with the times," canon of St. Paul's,
deprived 1561. See Al. Ox. 975.

3. Carew, George, dean 9 or 16 May, 1559, resigned
1561 ; 3s. Edmund, Lord Carew ; supplicated for
B.A. 1522, from Broadgates Hall; archdeacon of
Totnes 1534, canon of Exeter 1535, rector of Torbrian
1542, of Carhays St. Stephen 1543, and of Ilfracombe
1544, served cures of Ilchester and Whitehall free
chapelries, Somerset, 1545, canon of Wells 1545,



precentor 1549, and archdeacon of Exeter 1556-9,
prebendary of Chichester 1555, prebendary 1555
and precentor of Sarum 1555-83, precentor of Bath
and Wells 1560 and 1565, dean of Bristol 1552-3,
and 1559, rector of Mells 1557-83, of Kelston (both)
Somerset, 1558 60, and of Dittisham 1560, and of
Silverton St. Mary (both) Devon, 1561, canon and
dean of Windsor 1560, dean of Exeter 1571-83
(D.D. ), registrar of the garter, master of the Savoy
1559 ; died 1 June, 1583, aged 85, buried in St.
Giles-in-the-Fields. See A I. Ox. 236.

4. Sampson, Thomas, dean, Michaelmas term 1561,
deprived 1565 for puritanism or nonconformity ;
of the Inner Temple 1547, B. and D.D. suppld.
March, 1560-1 (after 16 years in theology) ; vicar of
Swillond, Suffolk, 1545, rector of All Hallows,
Bread Street, London, 1551, dean of Chichester
1552, refused the bishopric of Norwich 1560, canon
of Durham 1560, refused to conform and lost his
preferments ; master of Wigston's hospital at
Leicester 1567, canon of St. Paul's 1570, and rector
of Brightlingsea, Essex, 1584 ; died 9 April, 1589,
aged 72 ; buried in the chapel of Wigston's hospital.
See Al. Ox. 1307.

5. Godwyn, Thomas, M.A., dean June, 1565,
resigned 1567; of Magdalen Coll., from Woking-
ham, Berks, B.A. 12 July, 1543, fellow 1544-9, M.A.
1547, B.Med, and admitted to practice 17 June, 1555 ;
B.D. (Christ Church) 17 Dec, 1565, D.D. 18
Feb., 1565-6 ; rector of Brackley school, Northants,
1549, canon of Lincoln 1560-83, rector of Kirkby
Mallory, co. Leicester, 1560, of Hannington, and
of Winwick, Northants, 1561, of Lutterworth, co.
Leicester, 1562, of Rucking, Kent, 1573, dean of
Canterbury 1567, bishop of Bath and Wells 1584,
until his death at Wokingham 19 Nov., 1590. See
Al. Ox. 586.

6. Cowper, Thomas (or Cooper), D.D., dean 30
April, 1567, resigned 1571 ; chorister Magdalkn
1531, B.A. 7 July, 1539, fellow 1539-45, M - A - 6
June, 1543, master of the college school 1549-57 and
1559-68, suppld. 3 July, 1566, for B.Med, and licence
to practice, B. and D.D. 18 March, 1566-7, vice-
chancellor 1567-70; dean of Gloucester 1569, bishop
of Lincoln 1571, prebendary of Lincoln 1573, bishop
of Winchester 12 March, 1583-4, until his death 29
April, 1594, buried in the cathedral ; will dated 16
Jan., 1593-4, proved 9 May following ; author of a
Latin dictionary. See A I. Ox. 325.

7. Piers, John, D.D., dean 28 Feb., 1570-1, resigned
1576 ; born at South Hincksey, Berks ; demy Mag-
dalen 1542, B.A. (suppld.) June, 1545, fellow 1545
and 1548-9, M.A. (suppld.) 1549, B.D. 5 July, 1558,
D.D. 18 Feb., 1565-6, master of Balliol 1570-1
(perhaps rector of St. Edmund the King, Lombard
Street, 1545-57, and vicar of West Ham, Essex,
1554), rector of Quainton, Bucks, 1558-67, prebendary
and dean of Chester 1567, rector of Laingdon,
Essex, 1567-73, and of Fillingham, co. Lincoln,
1570, dean of Salisbury 1572, bishop of Rochester

1576, and lord high almoner, bishop of Salisbury

1577, archbishop of York 1589, until his death at
Bishopthorpe 28 Sept. , 1594, buried in York minster,
See A I. Ox. 11 36.



399



DEANS OF CHRIST CHURCH.



400



8. Mathew, Toby, D.D., dean 1576, resigned 1584 ;
s. John, of Ross, co. Hereford ; student Christ
Church 1561, B.A. 11 Feb., 1563-4, M. A. 25 June,
1566, public orator 1569-72, canon 1570-6 ; president
of St. John's 1572-7, B.D. 10 Dec. , 1573, D.D. 27
May, 1574, vice-chancellor 1579 ; a member of
Gray's Inn 1575, archdeacon of Bath 1570, rector
of Algarkirk, co. Lincoln, 1571, canon of Salisbury
1572, and chaplain in ordinary to the queen, canon
of Wells 1578, chauntor or precentor of Salisbury
1583-4, rector of Bishop Wearmouth 1590-5, dean
of Durham 1583, and bishop 1595, archbishop of
York 1606, until his death 29 March, 1628 ; buried
in York cathedral. See A I. Ox. 989.

9. James, William, D.D. , dean 1584, resigned 1596 ;
born at Sandbach, Cheshire (s. John, of Littleton,
co. Stafford), student of Christ Church 1561,
B.A. 1562, M.A. 1566, B.D. (University Coll.
1572, D.D. 1574, vice-chancellor 1581 and 1590,
master of University coll. 1572-84, reader of divinity
Magdalen ; rector of Kingham, Oxon, 1575-1601,
archdeacon of Coventry 1577, rector of Egglescliffe,
co. Durham, 1603-6, dean 1596, and bishop of
Durham 1606, until his death 12 May, 1617; buried
in the choir of his cathedral. See Al. Ox. 801.

10. Ravis, Thomas, D. D. , dean 1596, resigned 1605 ;
born at Maldon, Surrey ; student of Christ Church
1575 (from Westminster school), B.A. 12 Nov.,
1578, M.A. 3 March, 1581-2, proctor 1588,
B.D. 6 July, 1589, D.D. 10 Oct., 1595, vice-
chancellor 1596; "one of the translators of the
Bible"; vicar of All Hallows, Barking, 1591, rector
of Merstham, Surrey, 1591, vicar of Islip, and of
Wittenham Abbas, Berks, 1598, prebendary of
Westminster 1592, bishop of Gloucester 1604-5, an d
of London 1607, until his death 14 Dec, 1609;
buried in St. Paul's. See Al. Ox. 1235.

11. King, John, D.D. ,dean4Aug., 1605, resigned 1611 ;
s. Philip, ofWorminghall, Bucks, page to Henry VIII. ;
student of Christ Church (from Westminster
school) 1576, B.A. 26 Jan., 1579-80, M.A. 15 Feb.,
1582-3 (incorporated at Cambridge 1584), suppld. for
licence to preach 13 Feb. , 1587-8; proctor 1589, B.D.
2 July, 1591, D.D. 17 Dec, 1601, vice-chancellor
1607-10; chaplain to Q. Elizabeth and James I, canon
of Windsor 1580, rector of St. Anne and St. Agnes,
London, 1580, archdeacon of Nottingham 1590-1611,
rector of St. Andrew, Holborn, 1597, and a member
of Gray's Inn 1598, rector of Black Notley, Essex,
1599, prebendary of St. Paul's 1599-1611, and of
Lincoln 1610-11, bishop of London 1611, until his
death 30 March, 1621 ; buried in St. Paul's. See
AL Ox. 852.

12. Goodwyn, William, D. D. , dean 13 Sept., 1611 ;
student of Christ Church 1573 (from Westminster
school), B.A. 12 June, 1577, M.A. 15 June,
1580 (incorporated at Cambridge 1583), B. and
D.D. 8 June, 1602, vice-chancellor 1614-15 and
1617-18 ; sub. -almoner to Q. Elizabeth 1590 ;
rector of Upton Scudamore, Wilts, 1587, canon of
Sarum 1587, canon 1590, and chancellor of York
1605, rector of Stonegrave 1590, of Etton 1591, of
Escrick 1603, and of Wheldrake, (all) Yorks, 1606,
archdeacon of Middlesex 1616, rector of All
Hallows the Great, London, 1614, rector of Stanton
St. John 1616, and vicar of Chalgrove, (both) Oxon,
1617 ; died n June, 1620, aged 65, buried in Christ
Church cathedral ; probate at Oxford, 26 June,
1621. See Al. Ox. 586.

13. Corbet, Richard, D.D. , dean 20 June, 1620,
resigned 1628 ; s. Vincent, of Ew-ell, Surrey, gent.
Broadgates Hall, matric 7 April, 1598, aged 15
(from Westminster school) ; student of Christ
Church 1599, B.A. 30 June, 1602, M.A. 9 June,
1605, proctor 1612, B. and D.D. 8 May,
1617 ; chaplain to James I., canon of Sarum 1620,



and rector of Puttenham, Herts, 1620, vicar of
Cassington, Oxon, 1622, and of Stewkley, Bucks,
1620, rector of Brightwell Baldwin, Oxon, 1628,
bishop of Oxford, 1628-32, and of Norwich 1632,
until his death 28 July, 1635 < buried in the cathedral
there. See Al. Ox. 328.

14. Duppa, Brian, D. D. , dean, nominated 24 Oct.,
1628, installed 28 Nov. , 1629 ; s. Jeffrey, of Lewisham,
Kent, gent. Christ Church, matric. 9 July,
1605, aged 16, Westminster student 1605, B.A. 22
June, 1609 ; fellow All Souls' 1612, M.A.
28 May, 1614, proctor 1619, B. and D.D. 1 July,

1625, vice-chancellor 1623-4 ; born at Lewisham 10
baptized 18 March, 1588-9 ; vicar of Hailsham 1625,
of Westham 1626, and of Withyham, (all) Sussex,
1627 ; chaplain to the earl of Dorset, and to the prince
Palatine, canon and chancellor of Salisbury 1634-8-
preceptor to Charles II. , bishop of Chichester 1638,
41, and rector of Petworth, Sussex, 1638-41, bishop
of Salisbury 1641, and of Winchester 1660, and lord
high almoner 1660, until his death 26 March, 1662 ;
buried in Westminster abbey. See A I. Ox. 434.

15. Fell, Samuel, D.D., dean 24 June, 1638, ejected
1647 ; born in the parish of St. Clement Danes,
London ; Christ Church, matric. 20 Nov.,
1601, aged 17, Westminster student 1605, B.A.
27 June, 1605, M.A. 30 May, 1608, proctor 1614,
B.D. 23 Nov., 1615, D.D. 23 June, 1619, canon
1619, Margaret professor of divinity 1626-38, vice-
chancellor 1645, ejected 1647 ; prebendary of
St. Paul's 1612, rector of Freshwater, isle of Wight,
1617, vicar of Chalgrove, Oxon, 1615, chaplain to
James I. 1619, rector of Longworth, Berks, 1621,
until sequestered 1647, rector of Sunningwell, Berks,

1626, prebendary of Worcester 1628, dean of Lich-
field 1637, rector of Stow- on-the- Wold 1637, im-
prisoned in London 1647-8 ; died at Sunningwell
1 Feb., 1648-9, buried there; father of John, see
below. See Al, Ox. 491.

16. Reynolds, Edward, M.A. , dean 1647, ejected
1650, restored 1659, resigned 1660 ; s. Austin, one
of the customers of Southampton ; born there Nov. ,
1599. Merton, matric. 26 Jan., 1615-16, aged 17,
postmaster 1615, B.A. 15 Oct., 1618, fellow 1619,
M.A. 10 July, 1624 (incorporated at Cambridge
1626), created D.D. 12 April, 1648 (re-incorporated
at Cambridge 1657), vice-chancellor 1648 50, and
one of the parliamentarian visitors 1647-50 ; dean
1647, thrust in by the authority of parliament, forced
to leave 1650 because he refused to take the inde-
pendent engagement, when the secluded members
were lestored to sit in parliament they restored him
to the deanery 13 March, 1659-60, but at the
restoration June, 1660, he was desired to leave "to
make room for an honest and orthodox man " ;
warden of Merton, July, 1660 — Feb., 1660-1 ;
preacher of Lincoln's Inn 1628, chaplain to the
king, vicar of Northampton All Saints' 1628-9,
rector of Braunston, Northants, 1631, vicar of St.
Laurence Jewry, 1645-62 ; one of the Westminster
assembly of divines 1643, canon of Worcester 1660,
bishop of Norwich 1661, until his death 28 July,
1676. See A I. Ox. 1247.

17. Owen, John, M.A. , dean 1651, deprived about
March, 1659-60; s. Henry, of Stadham, Oxon,
sacerd. Queen's, matric. 4 Nov., 1631, aged 16,
B.A. 11 June, 1632, M.A. 27 June, 1635, vice-
chancellor 1652-7, created D.D. by diploma 23
Dec, 1653; m.p. for the University 1654-5; rector
of Fordham and vicar of Coggeshall, Essex,
minister of the congregational chapel, Leadenhall-
street, London, ; died at Ealing, 24 Aug. , 1683,
aged 67, buried in Bunhill fields among the dissenters.
See Al. Ox. 1100.

(— ) Reynolds, Edward, dean, restored 13 March,
1659-60, resigned in June following, see above.



40i



DEANS OF CHRIST CHURCH.



402



18. Morley, George, D.D., dean 27 July, 1660, resigned
Oct. following ; s. Francis, of Cheapside, London.
Student Christ Church 1615 (from Westminster
school), matric. 17 Dec. , i6i8,agedi9, B. A. 19 Dec,
1618, M.A. i/( June, 1621, created D.D. 1 Nov.,
1642, canon 1642, ejected 1647, restored 1660 ;
sinecure rector of Pennant, co. Montgomery, 1644-
53, chaplain to Robert, earl of Carnarvon, rector of
Hartfield, Sussex, 1640-1, and of Mildenhall, Wilts,
1641, deprived March, 1648, chaplain to Charles I.,
dispossessed of his preferments and exiled himself ;
rector of Great Haseley, Oxon, 1660, and canon of
Wells 1660; a member of Lincoln's Inn and Gray's
Inn 1664 ; bishop of Worcester 1660-2, and of
Winchester 1662, until his death at Farnham Castle
29 Oct., 1684; buried in Winchester cathedral.
See Al. Ox. 1033.

19. Fell, John, D.D., dean 30 Nov., i66o(-86) ; born
at Longvvorth, Berks, about 1626 ; s. Samuel, dean
1638-^7 ; Christ Church 25 May, 1637, aged 11,
student 1637, B.A. 24 Oct., 1640, M.A. 2 June, 1643,
student, ejected 1648, created D.D. 3 Oct., 1660,
canon July — Nov. , 1660, dean 1660-86, bishop 1675-86,
vice-chancellor 1666-9, chaplain to the king ; master
of St. Oswald's, Worcester, 1660, prebendary of
Chichester and dean of St. Paul's 1660 ; died
10 July, 1686, buried in the divinity chapel, Christ
Church ; will at Oxford proved 12 Nov., 1686 ; built
Cuddesden palace, the theatre, and printing press
at Oxford, and enlarged Christ Church. See Al.
Ox. 490.

20. Massey,John, M.A. , 'popish' dean 29 Dec, 1686,
withdrew 30 Nov., 1688 ; born at Patney, Wilts, in
165 1 ; s. John, of Bristol, Somerset, pleb. Mag-
dalen COLL., matric 26 Nov., 1669, aged 18, clerk
1663-73, B.A. (Magdalen Hall) 1673; fellow
Merton 1672, M.A. 29 Jan., 1675-6, proctor 1684;
said to have been son of a presbyterian minister and
so at first educated, renounced his religion for that
of Rome to become dean, set up a Roman Catholic
chapel in Canterbury quadrangle, withdrew to
London in 1688 on the arrival of the prince of
Orange, and thence over sea to France, became
confessor to the convent of blue nuns at Paris, where
he died 11 June, 1715. See Al. Ox. 984.

21. Aldrich, Henry, D.D., dean 17 June, 1689; s.
Henry, of Westminster, gent. Christ Church,
matric. 19 July, 1662, aged 15, Westminster
student 1662, B.'A. 1666, M.A. 1669, B. and D.D.
2 March, 1681-2, canon 1682, \ ice-chancellor 1692-5 ;
rector of Wem, Salop; died in Christ Church 14
Dec, 1710, buried there; will at Oxford proved 5
Jan., 1711-12. See Al. Ox. 13.

22. Attertmry, Francis, D.D., dean 27 Sept., 171 1,
resigned 1713 ; born at Milton Keynes, Bucks, 16
March, 1662 ; s. Lewis, of Middleton, Bucks,
D.D. Christ Church, matric 17 Dec, 1680,
aged 17, Westminster student 1680, B.A. 1684,
M.A. 1687, D.D. by diploma 5 May, 1701 ; preacher
of Bridewell 1693, and of the Rolls chapel 1698,
chaplain to William III. and Q. Mary 1694,
and to Q. Anne 1702, archdeacon of Totnes 1701,
preb. of Exeter 1704, dean of Carlisle 1704, of Christ
Church (Oxford), 1711-13, and of Westminster 1713,
a governor of Bridewell and Bethlehem hospitals
1714, bishop of Rochester 1713, deprived June, 1723,
on suspicion of favouring the pretender, sent to the
Tower 24 Aug., 1722, and passported in the Aid-
borough man-of-war two days after ; died at Paris in
exile 15 Feb., 1732. See Al. Ox. 42.

23. Smalridge, George, D.D., dean 18 July, 1713 ;
s. Thomas, of Lichfield, co. Stafford', gent.
Christ Church, matric 18 Dec, 1682, aged 18;
Westminster student 1682, B.A. 1686, M.A.'
1689, B.D. 1698, D.D. 1701, canon 1711, deputy-



professor of divinity 1700 6 ; canon of Lichfield
1693, minister of Tothill-fields chapel, West-
minster, 1692, and of the new chapel (Broadway),
Westminster, 1698, lecturer of S. Dunstan's-in-the-
West 1708-ir, dean of Carlisle 1711, bishop of
Bristol 1714, lord high almoner 1714-15, died 27
Sept. , 1719, aged 57, buried in the cathedral ; will
at Oxford proved 10 Oct. following. See Al. Ox.
1367.

24. Boulter, Hugh, D.D., dean 6 Nov., 1719, re-
signed 1724 ; born in London 4 Jan. , 1671-2 ; s.
John, of London, pleb. Christ Church, matric
28 Feb., 1686-7, aged 15 (from Merchant Taylors'
school) ; demy Magdalen 1689-96, B.A. 1690,
M.A. 1693, fellow 1696-1709, B.D. 1705, D.D.
1708, and of Trinity Coll., Dublin, ad eundem
1720 ; rector of St. Olave's, Southuark, 1708-22,
archdeacon of Surrey 1716-19, chaplain to George I.
at Hanover 1719, bishop of Bristol 1719, archbishop
of Armagh, 1724, died 27 Sept., 1742, buried in
Westminster abbey. See Al. Ox. 155.

25. Bradshaw, William, D.D., dean 17 Sept., 1724;
born at Abergavenny, co. Montgomery, 10 April,
1671 ; s. William, gent. Balliol, matric 12 Nov. ,
1692, aged 19; fellow New Coll., B.A. 1697,
M.A. 14 Jan., 1700-1, proctor 171 1 ; canon of Christ
Church 1723, B. and D.D. by diploma 27 Aug.,
1723, D.D. Lambeth 28 June, 1720; canon of
Canterbury 17 17, vicar of East Peckham, Kent'
1719, rector of Fawley, Hants, 1722, bishop of
Bristol 1724, until his death 16 Dec, 1732, buried
in Bristol cathedral. See Al. Ox. 169.

26. Conybeare, John, D.D., dean 27 Jan., 1732-3;
s. John, of Pinhoe, Devon, cler. Exeter, matric.
22 March, 1707-8, aged 17 (from Tiverton school),
fellow 1710, B.A. 1713, M.A. 1716, proctor 1725,
B.D. 1728, D.D. 24 Jan., 1729-30, rector of his
college 1730-3, dean of Christ Church 1733-55, rectcr
of St. Clement's, Oxford, 1724-34, bishop of Bristcl
1750, until his death 13 July 1755, buried in Bristol
cathedral. See Al. Ox. 318.

27. Gregory, David, D.D., dean 18 May, 1756; s.
David, of Oxford, D.Med. Savilian professor of
astronomy. Christ Church, matric. 4 June,
1714, aged 17, Westminster student 1714, B.A.
1718, M.A. 1721, B.D. 13 March, 1731-2, D.D.
1732, canon 1736, regius professor of modern
history 172J-36 ; rector of Semley, Wilts, 1735,
master of Sherbourn hospital, co. Durham, 1759,
until his death 16 Sept. , 1767, buried in the cathe-
dral. See A I. Ox. 602.

28. Markham, William, D.C.L., dean 23 Oct.,
1767, resigned 1776 ; born at Kingsale, Ireland,
1720; s. William, gent. Christ Church, matric.
6 June, 1738, aged 18, Westminster student
1738, B.A. 1742, M.A. 1745, B.C.L. and D.C.L.
1752 ; headmaster Westminster school 1753-65,



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