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1849 ; 3s. Frederick, gent. 21st wrangler
and B.A. from St. John's Coll., Cambridge, 71 ;
Fereday fellow St. John's, Oxford, 73-6, incorporated
19 June, 73, aged 24, M.A. 74; of Glanrafon, co.
Glamorgan, J. P., educated at Cheltenham coll.

Symons, Edward William, born at Caldmore, co.
Stafford, 13 March, 1857 ; is. James, of New Coll.,
gent. New Coll., matric. 15 Oct., 75, aged 18
(from Walsall school) ; scholar University Coll.
76-80, B.A. 79; Fereday fellow St. John's 80-7,
M.A. 82 (Honours: — 1 mathematical mods. 77, 1
mathematics 79), 2nd master Bromsgrove school
82-7, headmaster Huddersfield coll. 87-93.




middle ARCHWAY. From Ingram.



49i



ST. JOHN BAPTIST COLLEGE.



492



OTHER RESIDENT MEMBERS OP
CONGREGATION.

Casher, rev. Charles James, born at North Brixton,
Surrey, 1861 ; o.s. Charles Edward, cler. Non-
Collegiate, matric. 15 Oct., 8r, aged 20 (from
Brighton coll.), scholar St. John's 84, B.A. 85,
M.A. 88 (Honours: — 1 theology 85, Denyer and
Johnson theological scholarship 88) ; curate of St.
Aldate's, Oxford, 88.

Fry, Henry (Stackhouse Luther), born at Hobart town,
Tasmania, 1854 ; is. Henry, D. D. St.

John's, matric. 12 Oct., 72, aged 18, B.A. 77, M.A.
80 ; student of Lincoln's Inn 76.

Kettle, rev. Alfred Cooke, born at Wolverhampton

, 1865 ; 3s. Rupert Alfrred, knt. St.

John's, matric. 11 Oct., 84, aged 19, B.A. 87, M.A.

92 (Honours: — 3 theology 87); curate of St.

Columba, Sunderland, 88.

Lndlow-Bruefes, Henry Hungerford, born at Seend,
Wilts, 10 June, 1847 ; 3s. William Heald, arm.
St. John's, matric. 16 Oct., 66, aged 19 (from
Radley coll.), B.A. 72, M.A. 73.

Penny, rev. Fraser Hislop, born at Ash, Kent,

1845 ! 3 s - Edward, cler. St. John's, matric.
16 Jan., 75, aged 30 (from school), B.A.

78, M.A. 81 (Honours :— 3 theology 78) ; curate of
St. Giles, Oxford, 78.

Rushforth, Gordon McNeil, born in London 6 Sept.,
1862 ; is. Daniel, gen. St. John's, matric. 15
Oct., 81, aged 19 (from Merchant Taylors' school),
scholar 81-5, B.A. 85, M.A. 88 (Honours : — 1
classical mods. 83, 2 classics 85) ; barrister-at-law,
Inner Temple, 89.

Vidal, rev. George Studley Sealy, born at Corn borough,
Devon, 12 Feb., 1862; 8s. Edward, arm. New
Coll., matric. 15 Oct., 81, aged 19 (from Winches-
ter), scholar 81-5, B.A. 85, M.A. 88 (Honours :— 2
classical mods 83, 3 classics 85), treasurer and
president Oxford union society 85, curate of St.
Giles 88, chaplain St. John's coll. 88, and of New
coll. 89.



BURSAR.
Glasson, William John Wharton, of Clifton, co.
Gloucester, born 25 Nov., 1857 ; 4s. George
Cornish, arm. St. John's, matric. 14 Oct., 76,
aged 18 (from Clifton coll.), scholar 76-80, B.A. 84,
M.A. 85, principal bursar 89 ; Honours : — 2
classical mods. 78.

MERCHANT TAYLORS' SENIOR
SCHOLARS.

Vernon, William Edward, born at Forest Hill, Surrey,
, 1864 ; 3s. John, gent. St. John's, matric.
13 Oct., 83, aged 19 (from Merchant Taylors' school),
scholar 85, senior Merchant Taylors' scholar 90,
B.A. 89, M.A. and B.C.L. 90 (Honours :— 2 law
87, 1 civil law 89, and Vinerian law scholarship 89) ;
bar.-at-law, Middle Temple 89.

Adamson, Charles Stennett, born at Ealing, Middle-
sex, 28 Sept., 1867; 2s. Frank, gent. St. John's,
matric. 16 Oct., 86, aged 19 (from Merchant Taylors'
school), scholar 86, senior Merchant Taylors' scholar
91, B.A. 90; Honours: — 1 classical mods, and 1
mathl. mods. 88, 1 mathematics 89, and 1 classics 91.

STEWARD.

Morrell, Frederic Parker, born in St. Giles, Oxford,
4 April, 1839; is. Frederic Joseph, steward of St.
John's 63-82. St. John's, matric. 29 June, 57,
aged 18 (from Rugby school), B.A. 61, M.A. 64,
steward 83 (Honours : — 4 natural science 61),
coroner 68 and solicitor to the university 83, registrar
of the chancellor's court 70.

CHAPLAIN.

Browne, VWi. Robert William, M.A., fellow 27-39, see
among the ex-fellows.

ORGANIST.

Iliffe, Frederick, born at Smeeton, co. Leicester,

, 1857; is. John, gent. New Coll., matric.
2 Nov., 72, aged 25 (from Kibworth gr. school),
B.Mus. 73, D.Mus. 79; organist St. John's 83;
B.A. (Non-Collegiate), 90, examiner in music 92.




Grotesque SDmament.0, %t 3Iofm%

[From Alackenzie and Pugin's specimens of Gothic Architecture.









495



ST. JOHN'S COMMONERS.



496



©cftolaw,' (ZBrtn&itioners/ ano Commoners.



Of whom biographical notices appear in the Matriculati.ns, 188092.



1880.

•Hughes, Arthur
*Curtis, Alfred C.
*Snell, Charles D.
*Hutton, William R.
•Poynder, Frederick C.
•(■Low, Frederick W.
•j-Ellis, George W.
Waller, John T.
•Weall, Stanley
Winckworth, Henry G.
Coney, Henry T.
Bacon, Quartus
Hemsley, Alfred M.
Cogan, Horace B.
Garratt, Charles E.
Siebel, John A.
Strong, Edmund L.
Despard, Arthur V.
Beaumont, Arthur M.
Cluff, William C.
Cuffe-Adams, A. C.
Houghton, Thomas
Aspinall, Noel L.
Buckley, Edmund
James, Ernest E.
Johnson, Robert B.
Cooper, William H. W.
Dodd, William H.
Thompson, Richard B.
Williams, William M.
Wilde, Oscar W.
Grocott, William O.
Clougher, Joseph L.



* Rush worth, Gordon M.
•Kingsford, Charles L.
*Chapman, Arthur
*Dingwall, Frederick A.
*Lovell, Charles P.
*Greatorex, Ronald H.
*Gibson, Henry J.
*Perry, Robert C.
Ryde, Lewis F.
•Vaughan, George F.
Huxley, John
Butler, Francis N.
Bingham, Thomas
Randell, Rev. Thomas
Trower, Cuthbert F.
Boodle, Charles E.
Atkins, Lancelot W.
*Squire, William H.
Jackson, Charles E.
Livesey, William B.
Howell, Arthur J. W. J.
Ingham, William
Longsdon, John W.
Harland, Cecil
Marshall, Francis E.
Parkin, Arthur O.
Shipman, Walter T.
Holcroft, Arthur
Walker, William G.
Spinks, Frederick W.
Cross, George E. K.
Parlby, Walter C. H.
Silber, Martin A.
Kirkpatrick, William



Phillips, John
Carter, Ernest C.
Hole, John M.
Pratt, George E. H.
Croome, James S.

1882.

*Hevgate, Arthur C. G.
•Biggs, Charles R. D.
*Marvin, Francis S.
•Witherby, Walter H.
♦Smith, William G.
*Coombes, Arthur H.
Edgell, William S.
Simpson, Stephen
Smith, Phillip C.
Baker, Edward T.
Gotto, Donald
Dyer, Harry J.
Blake, Godfrey B.
Minton, Harry H. (81)
Turner, Edward R.
Stoney, Francis S. (81)
Hudson, Edward H.
Pryse, Henry L. V.
White, Frederick L.
Chittenden, George S.
Rea, James T. R.
Rowland, Charles S.
Sanderson, John
Watts, Hugh A.
West, Thomas B. C.
Barton, George
Laing, Philip M. T.
Gough, Alfred W.
Brine, Algernon L.
Willis, Rawdon M.
Jotcham, William C.
Elvey, Charles G.
Bastard, John M.
Kettlewell, Arthur M.
Bradley, Frederick L.
Church, Charles C.
Hawkins, Frank B.
Griffiths, John (80)

1883.

•Maynard, Herbert J.
* Watson, Henry, J. J.
•Lee, William H.
*Peake, Arthur S.
*Messer, Allan E.
Hewett, John A. B.
Harris, Thomas W.
Cooper, Arthur
Ramsden, Frederick P.
Fisher, Horace J.
Vincent, John R. (82)
Lungley, James (81)
*Casher, Charles J. (81)
Glasson, William J. W. (76)
Sutton, Frederick L.
*Vernon, William E.
Roach, Frederick N.
Sutton, Charles R.
Sykes, Harold P.
Hutchison, Ernest A.
Digby, Hugh M.
Loveland, John D. E.
Williams, George C,



Fox, Gilbert B.
Stapylton, Robert M.
Witherington, Charles T.
Knatchbull, Henry D.
Harrison, Anthony E.
Orred, John R. (79)
Elliott, Edward J. (81)
Castle, Arthur H. (82)

1884.

*Secker, William H.
*Murray, George G. A.
*Standen, James E.
*Saunders, Edward A.
*Wood, Frederick
Knight, Charles N.
Wood, William K.
Bromwich, Frank H.
Kent, Henry E. H.
Bastard, William H. P.
Hill, Henry S.
fMay, Arthur S.
Radley, James T.
Stubbs, William W.
Blakey, Eustace H.
Averill, Alfred W.
Parkes, Alfred M.
Kettle, Alfred C.
Willis, Cyril H.
Colley, Francis O.
Bence-Jones, Reginald
Burton, Thomas M.
Burr, Edmund G.
Wade, Charles E.
Wilson, William M.
Simpson, Francis H.
Thorne, Herbert S.
Franklin, Francis S. H.
Mapleton , Harvey W.
Blandford, Henry W.
Webb- Ware, Hugh R.
Maughan, Veargill W.
Hall, John D.
Morrell, Herbert H.
Foster, Charles W.
Shaw, Herbert J. (83)



•Hankins, Richard F.
*Forbes, Kenneth
♦Clark, Robert B.
*Walsh, William T. H.
*Lee, Hector E.
* Brown, Edward C.
*Essery, Albert G.
Tringham, Stuart W. G.
Fry, Walter L.
Browne, Dominick S.
*Green, Edmund T. (83)
Brown, George G.
Gidley, John
Brown, Leslie J.
Le-Maitre, Alfred G.
Newcombe, John E. W.
Cooke, John J. D.
Briggs, Douglas H.
Radley, Edward Y.
Battersby, William J.
Harker, George H.
Bell, Bertie E.



Hildesheim, Paul
*Bastard, James M.
Craig, Douglas T.
Bloor, Robert H. U.
Drysdale, William D.
Monro, Tregonwell
Godfrey-Faussett, E. P. G.
Sabonadiere, Alfred
Richardson, Gerald
Wheat, Charles T.



*Worrall, Arthur H.
•Pierce, John
*Adamson, Charles S.
•Gray, William R.
*Saunders, Charles J.
*Rushforth, Collingwood M.
•Blackburn, Ernest W.
Ellerton, Arthur J. B.
Brewer, Edmund W. T. L.
Warry, Ernest A. B.
Douglas- Willan, Ferdinand H
Buckley, Eric R.
Casson, Thomas
McDonald, Charles J.

,, ,, Kenneth L.
•Ransom, Harry A. V.
Vernon, Cyril J.
Cameron, Archibald S.
Townson, Robert W.
Bell, William L. L.
•Burdekin, Arthur E.
ffoulkes, Charles J.
Allen, Stephen H.
Williamson, Andrew C.
Mertens, Rowland D.
Vines, Walter S. M.
Bush, Robert
Hedger, Ernest
•Hartley, Salter S. G. J.
Le Sueur, Reginald
Nutt, Horace Y.
May, George C.
Sladen, David R.



•Covernton, James, G.
•Clauson, Albert C.
•Hawke, John A.
•Allen, Roland
•Shea, Robert P.
Hutton, Reginald C.
Lethbridge, Edward G. B.
Hill, James R.
Burney, Charles F.
•Hailey, Hammett R. C.
Gibbs, Charles H.
Day, Charles J.
Carlyon, Hugh T.
Elletson, Harry C.
Sparrow, Hugh C. B.
Walsh, Cecil H.
•Boodle, Benjamin J.
Cox, Philip F.
Cree, Herbert E.
Bartlet, Philip P.
Hall, Gilbert M.
Isaac, John F. V.
McDonald, Archibald



497



ST. JOHN'S COMMONERS.



498



1887 [continued].

Tudor- Evans, George S.
Sheldon, Henry G.
Brashaw, Thomas L.
Bashall, John



*Andrews, Cecil R. P.
*Johnson, Horace L.
*Whittington, Charles S. A.
*Lane, Charles J.
Richards, Albert M. O.
*Torr, William G.
Richards, Henry M.
Espin, William M.
Stuart-Menteath, Charles G.
Barter, Arnold B.
Oakley, Roland E. G.
Mapleton, Reginald B.
Williams, Hugh N.
Wade, George H.
Chope, Basil S.
Hereford, James T
Gofton, John E.
Lloyd, William W. G.
Burnett, William R.
Simpson, George W.
Lowndes, Harold N.
Pollok, John B.
Ram, Edward D. S.
Powell, Claude T. G.



*Arbuthnot, Robert E. V.
*Payne, Julius D.
♦Ashworth, Ernest H.
*Greenland, Hubert F. F.
Viener, Harry D. L.
Sanderson, Edward A. G. 1



Withington, Archibald E.
*Browning, Colin H.
Box, George H.
Collett, John E.
Marriott, Arthur E.
Reynolds, George R.
Church-Jones, Henry J.
Wilson, George H.
Wilson, Robert H.
Neal, George R.
*Stevens, Herbert P.
* Townend, Douglas A.
Wallace, Houston S.
Taylor, Frank H. W.
Kitchingman, William E.
Webbe-Ware, Walter P.
Reynolds, Thomas W.
Gibbs, Villiers
Mertens, Arthur L. de M.
Cress well, Richard H.
Hinkson, Ernest A.
Winn, Charles J.



*Osborn, Nathaniel F. B.
♦Clarke, John G.
*Cooke, Selwyn M.
*Wart, Reginald Bran
*Ward, William H.
fEhrke, Charles E. G.
Gramshaw, Ernest R.
Owen, Rupert K. W.
Kilburn, Ernest E.
Elwes, Albert C.
Bleackley, John A.
Macirone Francis P.
Milner, James A.
Cheeke, George A.
Hutchings, Ernest P.
Goodwyn, Walter M.
Vickers, Charles W.



Swanzy, Thomas E.
Jotcham, Charles M. M.
Deane, Horace C.
Morrah, Herbert A.
Waters, John W.



*Day, Henry G. C.
* Hammond, John L. le B.
*Thelwall, John F.
*Osmond, Percy H.
*Drake, Herbert L.
*May, Edward L.
*Atkinson, Ernest C.
*Hughes, Arthur M. D'U.
*Hall, Harry R. H.
JCarlyle, Edward I.
fLaughton, Leonard G. C.
Fynes-Clinton, Osbert H.
Maxse, Reginald E. B.
Maurice, Frank L. P.
Vale, Alfred Conduit
Macdonald, Robert S. (89)
Hill, Ebenezer B. (89)
Canney, Maurice A.
Covernton, Alfred L.
Stenning, Frederick G.
Wakeman, Maurice R.
Gough, Alfred B.
Simpson, Elliott
Mackenzie, William K. S.
Stewart, Walter J. L.
Cunningham-Craig, W. A.
Creak, Walter H.
Midgley, John M.
Davies, William
Sidebotham, Henry S.
Battersby, Herbert D.
El well, James D.
Browne, Francis D.
Fearis. William H.



Robinson, Harry T.
Pollock, Allan G.
Stillingfleet, Clement V.
Thomas, Walter W.
Hatherley, Arthur W. (90)
Lock, Ernest S. C. (90)
Hart, Walter P. (89)
Perry, Charles E.
Wynne, George R. L.



*Hollis, Algernon E.
* Davidson, Frederick L. M.
♦Roberts, William C.
♦French, Lewis
♦Smith, Francis J.
♦Rich, William J. D.
f Wood house, George
Brereton, Charles A.
fBagguley, Alfred (91)
Clark, Henry D. G. (91)
' Abdur Rasul '
Newman, William F. W.
Rogers, Edgar
Wolde, Frank
Ollard, Sidney Leslie
Morland, Philip H.
Wright, William M.
Lascelles, Harold
Miller, Taverner B.
Taylor, Arthur H.
Kemmis, Gilbert
Baker, William H.
Ryman-Hall, B. R.
Ford, William L. J.
Meade, Charles A.
Morgan, John A.
Wells, Blythe
Darell-Brown, O. D.




Latimer's crozieu. — From Lascelles.



2 K




XVI.— JESUS COLLEGE.




ENRY VIII. has long been reputed to be the Founder of Christ Church.
Of late some doubt has seemed to be thrown on the fact by the marked
manner in which the King's name has been left out of the Bidding Prayer
by Christ Church preachers before the University. But in the same measure
as Elizabeth founded Jesus College, Henry founded Christ Church. Hugo
Price was her Wolsey. Activity in founding Colleges seems to have
culminated in the effort of the great Cardinal. During the reign of Mary
a revival of energy was shown in the rising of Trinity and St. John's, but
the tale of Colleges was. nearly complete, and only one new foundation has
arisen since the close of the sixteenth century. But just before its close
the glorious reign of Elizabeth was signalized by the founding of many
educational institutions throughout the country, and in Oxford by the
appearance of Jesus College. The Tudors were proud of their Welsh
• origin, and Welshmen were not slow to appeal to their pride for tangible
benefits to the Principality. It was, doubtless, with a wish to establish a
home for his countrymen in Oxford that Hugo Price or Ap Rice, Doctor
of Laws, Treasurer of St David's, and Fellow of All Souls' petitioned
Queen Elizabeth to grant the site of White Hall for the building of a new College. This Hall was situated on
the north side of Cheyney Lane (now called Market Street), a short distance from the corner where it enters
the Turk It had absorbed into itself several smaller Halls which stood around it. Whether it was reserved
entirely for Welsh students is a point which cannot be decided, but there is reason to think that it was much
frequented by them. There is, however, no doubt that the new College which superseded it was intended
almost entirely for the benefit of Wales. The first Letters Patent were granted on the 27th of June, 1571.
They provide for the Constitution of a College to consist of a Principal, eight Fellows and eight Scholars.

The Principal nominated in the Letters Patent was David Lewes, Doctor of Laws ; among the Scholars may
be noticed Lancelot Andrews, Bishop successively of Chichester, Ely, and Winchester. The Founder died about
three years after these Letters were issued, and was buried in the Priory Church at Brecon. It is therefore very
doubtful whether he saw any of the new buildings of the infant College. It was, probably, the policy of the
builders to make use of the existing buildings of White Hall, which stood on the southern side of what is now
the outer quadrangle. The next portion added was part of the east front ; until 1618 there was probably no
addition made to the fabric of the College. Second Letters Patent were issued by Queen Elizabeth on the 7th day
of July, 1589, but there is no great growth to be reported until the reign of King James I., who in the fiftieth
year of the College issued the third Letters Patent dated June 1st, 1621. In these the King confirms the estab-
lishment of the College and doubles the number of Fellows and Scholars. It is remarkable that in none of these
documents is there any mention of Wales, or of advantages to be derived from parentage or place of birth. Among
the original foundationers, and for some years after the foundation, names occur among Fellows and Scholars of
persons who manifestly were not Welshmen. But every Principal, even in the time of the Commonwealth, was
of Welsh birth. The Principal was in those despotic days the source of all patronage, and after the lapse of a few
years from the foundation we can see from the lists of names on the College books how exclusively he exercised
his privilege. In the days of Sir Leoline Jenkins, Fellowships and Scholarships were assigned to natives of special
parts of Wales, but the College maintained its Welsh connection for about a century without any such restrictions.
Dr. Francis Mansell, who was principal at the time, resigned in favour of Sir Eubule Thelwall, who is mentioned
in the charter. The latter was a man of ample means and greatly increased the buildings of the College, com-
pleting the kitchen, buttery and hall begun by Griffith Powell one of his predecessors, and adding a house for
the Principal and the Chapel, thus finishing the outer quadrangle. On his death Dr. Francis Mansell was again
elected, and was rapidly adding to the buildings of the College, by constructing an inner quadrangle, when a stop
was put to all extension by the troubles of the Civil War. He was obliged to relinquish his post and retired for
safety into Wales.

[ 50I—5O2 ]



503



JESUS COLLEGE.



504



During his enforced absence two Principals ruled
the College— Michael Roberts and Francis Howell,
but there is no extension of buildings or endowments
to be recorded, and the former of these two Principals
is accused of impoverishing the College by embezzling
its scanty funds. Much money and all the silver plate
was sacrificed in a vain attempt to save the Royal cause.
Dr. Mansell was restored to the Headship in 1660,
but owing to " the decayes of Age, especially dimness
of Sight," he resolved to resign once more. The
choice of the College fell upon Leoline Jenkins, who
may be regarded as the second founder of the College.
He was born in 1625 in the county of Glamorgan,
and was educated at Cowbridge School, which he
afterwards endowed. He entered Jesus College in
1641, and when the Restoration took place, returned
to residence and (as stated above) was elected Prin-
cipal. He held the post for thirteen years and busied
himself in adding to the buildings of the College,
completing the Library, and most of the western side
of the inner quadrangle. He also took much part in
the business of the University, being of singular use to
it from his skill in French and other modern languages.
He found the University too narrow a field for his
great talents and resigned his Principalship in 1673.
He then devoted himself to the public service, and
rose to be Judge of the High Court of Admiralty and
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Ambassador and
Plenipotentiary for the General Peace at Cologne and
Nimeguen, and Secretary of State to King Charles II.
He was made a Knight and became Burgess for his
own University.

But amid the successes and distinctions of his later
life he did not forget the College of which he had been
Head, and at his death in 16S5 he bequeathed to it
almost the whole of his property. His body was
conveyed to Oxford, and after a public funeral, was
interred in the College Chapel. A marble slab
covers his grave and bears a long Latin inscription
supposed to have been written by his old friend Dr.
Fell, Lord Bishop of Oxford and Dean of Christ
Church. His portrait, painted at Nimeguen, hangs
in the College Hall.

During the period ending with the close of the
seventeenth century many distinguished names appear
on the books. Bishop Andrews has already been
mentioned, and we find that in 1644 James Usher,
Archbishop of Armagh, was resident in and a member
of the College. Among laymen we find James
Howell (1013), writer of the Familiar Letters, a book
which Thackeray is said always to have had by him.
Henry Vaughan, "The Silurist" (1638), a religious
poet of rare merit ; his brother, Thomas Vaughan ;
Eugenius Philalethes, an eminent writer, philosopher
and chemist; Sir William Williams (1688), a very
eminent lawyer, Speaker of the House of Commons,
Solicitor and Attorney General. Among Welsh
literati we find Rees Prichard (1602), the author of
one of the best known books in Wales — Camvyll y
Cymru ; Dr. John Davies, a Welsh scholar and
grammarian ; Edward Llwyd (1682), a celebrated
antiquary and keeper of the Ashmolean Museum ;
David Powell, a learned divine ; John Wynne, Prin-
cipal of the College, who afterwards became Bishop
successively of St. Asaph and of Bath and Wells. It
would be tedious to go through the list of distinguished
men who adorned the College during the first hundred
and thirty years of its existence.



The eighteenth century in Jesus College, as in
others, presents a great contrast in interest. At its
commencement (1713) the buildings were completed
by the addition of the staircase at the north-west
corner of the inner quadrangle. Some valuable bene-
factions were received, the most important of which
was the Meyricke Fund, left in trust to the College
by the Rev. Edmund Meyricke, who, like the original
founder of the College, was treasurer of the cathedral
church of St. David's. This Fund has supplied Ex-
hibitions and, since 1882, Scholarships confined to
natives of Wales. Among the distinguished men of
this period may be mentioned Thomas Charles B.A.
(1779), founder of the sect of Calvinistic Methodists ;
David Richards (Dafydd Ionawr), an eminent Welsh
poet ; Goronwy Owen, one of the great names in
Welsh literature ; James Bandinel, the first Bampton
Lecturer. Very different from these was Richard
Nash, best known as Beau Nash, for fifty years
Master of the Ceremonies and leader of fashion in Bath.

In the nineteenth century no addition has been
made to the buildings of the College, but the east
front has been altered in character by the building of
a gate-way tower and refacing of the exterior wall.
This was done in 1856 from the designs of Messrs.
Buckler, of Oxford. The effect is good, though many
antiquarians regret the disappearance of the old
Jacobean gateway, which was itself an improvement
on the original plain entrance to the College. The
interior of the Chapel was restored in 1864, and
though the new work is generally in good taste, it is
not in harmony with the fine old screen, and some
features of the original character of the building have
been lost or obscured. The Library contains a number
of volumes of more interest to the antiquarian than to
the modern student, but it is well supplied with the
best works on Celtic languages and antiquities. A
valuable collection of manuscripts has been removed
to the Bodleian Library. The best known of these is
the Llyfr Coch, the famous Red Book of Hergest,
containing a collection of Welsh legends and poetry
which is gradually being edited by Professor Rhys
and Mr. Evans. Among the pictures of the College
may be mentioned one of Queen Elizabeth, by
Zucchero, of great artistic merit, a picture of Hugo
Price, said to be by Holbein, a Vandyke of Charles I.,
a Lely of Charles II., and the portrait of Sir Leoline
Jenkins.

In the latter part of this century two Commissions
(1857 and 1882) have reviewed and remodelled the
constitution of the College. Half the Fellowships
have been thrown open by the one, half the Scholar-
ships by the other ; and some old privileges and
restrictions have been swept away. Still much
remains, and a real connection (which is unknown
elsewhere in Oxford), exists between the College and
the district which the Founder meant to benefit. It
is to be hoped that the futility of reducing all educa-
tional institutions to the same level and pattern of
uniformity is at last apparent, and that the College
will, for the future, be left free to continue the duties
which, in the past, have been successfully performed.

Llewelyn Thomas,
Vice-Principal of Jesus College.

For a fuller account of the College by the same
author, see The Colleges of Oxford, edited by A.
Clark, M. A. Methuen & Co., 1892.




JESUS COLLEGE CHAPEL (BEFORE ALTERATIONS).— By W. Westall.

From Ackerman.



505



PRINCIPALS OF JESUS COLLEGE.



5 06



HEREDITARY VISITOR.
The Earl of Pembroke.

PRINCIPALS.



1. Lewis, David, D.C.L. ; principal 1571, resigned
1572 ; born at Abergavenny, co. Monmouth ; B.C.L.



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