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school, Birmingham, 1834-8, dean of Jersey and
rector of St. Helier's 1838-44, canon of Gloucester
1843-64, rector of Taynton, co. Gloucester, 1844-64,
dean of Lincoln 1864, bishop of Peterborough 1864,
until his death 21 Aug., 1868. See Al. Ox. ii. 753 ;
&.D.N.B.

13. Evans, Evan, M.A., master 1864; 2s. David, of
Cardiff, co. Glamorgan, gent. Jesus Coll.,
matric. 22 June, 1831, aged 18 (from Cowbridge
school) ; scholar Pembroke 1832-43, B.A. 1835,
M.A. 1838, tutor 1841-64, fellow 1843-64, D.D. by
decree 18 Oct., 1878 (Honours: — 2 classics 1835),
vice-chancellor 1878-82 ; canon of Gloucester 1864
until his death 23 Nov. , 1891. See Al. Ox. ii. 432.

14. Price, Bartholomew, D.D., master 1892, born at
' Colne St. Dennis, co. Gloucester, 14 May, 1818 ;

2s. William, rector of Farnborough, Berks, and of
Coin, m.a. Pembroke, matric. 16 March, 1837,
aged 18 (from Northleach school), scholar 1837-44,
B.A. 1840, M.A. 1843, fellow 1844-92, tutor 1846-57,
proctor 1858, vice-gerent 1864-92, B. and D.D. 1892
(Honours : — 3 classics and 1 mathematics 1840,
mathematical scholarship 1842), examiner in mathe-
matics 1847, 8, 53, 4, 7, 9, 60, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 71,
mathematical moderator 1852, 6, 68, 9, Sedleian
professor natural philosophy 1853, hon. fellow
Queens 1868, member of the Hebdomadal council
1856, curator of the university chest and of the
Bodleian library, secretary to the delegates of the
Clarendon press, resigned 1885, and appointed per-
petual delegate 1885, fellow, etc., of Winchester
college 1873, F.R.S., F.R.Astr.Soc, visitor of Green-
wich Observatory. See Men and Women of the
Time.




THE MASTER OF PEMBROKE COLLEGE.

From a Photograph by IV. Forshaw, Oxford.



To face ^1-2.



553



FELLOWS OF PEMBROKE.



554



jFeliotos, ^on. jMlote, anD c2Br=ifeiIoUi0,



FELLOWS.
Barton, Alfred Thomas, born at Birmingham, co.
Warwick 1840 ; is. James, arm. Corpus

Christi, matric. 17 May, 59, aged 19 (from Bir-
mingham school), exhibitioner 60-3 ; fellow Pem-
broke 65, M.A. 66, tutor 68 (Honours :— i
classical mods. 61, 1 classics 63), classical moderator
72, 3, 9, 80.

Livingstone, rev. Robert George, born at Westport,
co. Mayo, 23 Jan. , 1838 ; 4s. William, gent. Pem-
broke, matric. 15 May, 56, aged 18 (from Rossall
school) ; scholar Oriel 56-60, B.A. 60, M.A. 63 ;
fellow Pembroke 66, tutor 64, chaplain 64
(Honours : — 2 classical mods. 58, 2 classics 60) ;
curate of St. Mary the Virgin 63-7.

Mowat, John Lancaster Gough, born at St. Helier's,
Jersey, 25 Sept. , 1846 ; 3s. James, of Frome, gent.
Exeter, matric. 14 Oct., 65, aged 19 (from Kings-
wood school and Wesleyan college, Taunton),
scholar 65-70, B.A. 69; fellow Pembroke 71, M.A.
72, bursar 73, proctor 85 (Honours:— 1 classical
mods. 67, 2 classics 69), classical lecturer 71-6,
bursar of Lincoln coll. 80-90, curator of the Bodleian
library ; a student of Lincoln's Inn 76.

Leudesdorf, Charles, born at Manchester 30 Jan.,
1853 ; is. Henry, arm. Worcester, matric. 2
Feb., 70, aged 17 (from Broughton school), ex-
hibitioner 69-70, scholar 70-3, B.A. 73 ; fellow Pem-
broke 73, M.A. 76, proctor 87 [Honours : — 1
mathematical mods. 71, 1 mathematics 72, senior
mathematical scholarship 74 (accessit 73), Herschel
astronomical prize 73], mathematical moderator 78,
9, 82, 3, 6, 9, 90, 2, and 3, and examiner 80-1 , secre-
tary to the boards of faculties.

"Wood, George, born at Brixton, Surrey, 1 Dec, 1850 ;
3s. James, of London, gent. Trinity, matric. 7
Feb., 70, aged 19 (from King's coll., London),
scholar 70-5, B.A. 74; fellow Pembroke 75, M.A.
76 (Honours : — 1 classical mods. 71, 1 classics 74),
examiner in classics 88, 9, 90; bar.-at-law, Inner
Temple, 78. See Foster's Men at the Bar.

Andrewes, Frederick William, born at Reading,
Berks, 31 March, 1859 ; 3s. Charles James, arm.
Christ Church, matric. 11 Oct., 79, aged 19 (from
Warminster school), junior student 78-83, B.A. 82;
fellow Pembroke 86, M.A. and B.Med. 87;
Honours :— 1 natural science 81, Burdett Coutts
scholarship 83.

Tait, James, born at Manchester 19 June, 1863 ; is.
Robert, gen. Balliol, matric. 15 Oct., 84, aged
21 (from Owens coll., Manchester), exhibitioner 83,
B.A. 88; fellow Pembroke 91, M.A. 92 (Honours:
— i history 87) ; 1 history at Victoria university 83,
assistant lecturer in history at Owens coll. 87.

Steevens, George Warrington, born at Sydenham,
Kent, 1870 ; is. James, gent. Balliol,

matric. 18 Oct., 88, aged 18 (from city of London
school), scholar 87; fellow Pembroke 92, B.A. 93;
OxtoRD Honours:— accessit 88, and proxime
accessit Hertford scholarship 89, 1 classical mods.
90, 1 classics 92 ; London Honours :— 1st in
matric. 89, 1 Latin 89, and 1 classics 90.

HONORARY FELLOWS.

Mitchinson, right rev. John, born at Durham

1833; o.s. John. Pembroke, matric. 20 Feb., 51,
aged 17, (from Durham school), scholar 51-5, B.A.
55, fellow 55-81, hon. fellow 84, M.A. 57, B.C.L.
and D.C.L. 64 (Honours :— i classical mods. 53,
1 classics 54, 1 natural science 55), librarian 56,



president of Oxford union society 57, select p eacher
72-3, and 91-2; D.D. by diploma Durham university
jj,, headmaster King's school, Canterbury, 59-73,
bishop of Barbados and the Windward islands
73-81, co-adjutor to bishop of Antigua 79-82, and
to bishop of Peterborough 81, Ramsden preacher at
Cambridge 83, hon. canon of Canterbury 71, rector
of Sibstone, co. Leic. , 81, archdeacon of Leicester
86, etc.

Hill, George Birkbeck Norman, born at Tottenham 7
June, 1835 ; 2s. Arthur, schoolmaster. Pembroke,
matric. 1 March, 55, aged 19 (from Bruce Castle
school), B.A. 58, B.C.L. 66, and D.C.L. 71, hon.
fellow 92 (Honours:— hon. 4 classics 58) ; editor of
Boswell's life of Johnson and of Johnson's letters.

EX-FELLOWS.

Barton, Henry Nowell, born in Bombay 6 Oct., 1823 ;
is. James, gent. Pembroke, matric. 10 Dec, 40,
aged 17 (from Rugby), scholar 40-4, B.A. 44, fellow
44-9, M.A. 47; rector of St. Ervan, Cornwall, 53.

G-ay, William, born at Uxbridge, Middlesex, 26 Feb.,
1827; o.s. William, rector of Bidborough, Kent,
1830. Pembroke, matric. 5 Dec, 45, aged 18
(from Rugby), scholar 45-50, B.A. 50, fellow 50-4,
M.A. 52 (Honours:— 2 classics 50); vicar of
Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland, 69.

de Quetteville, William, born in Jersey 1830 ;

2S. Clement, gent. Pembroke, matric. 23 Feb.,
48, aged 18, fellow 51-62, B.A. 52, M.A. 54
(Honours : — 3 mathematics 52) ; rector of Brink-
worth, Wilts, 61.

Layton, Thomas Charles Litchfield, born at Windsor,
Berks, 1823 ; is. Charles, gent. Pembroke, matric.
14 Nov., 39, aged 16 (from Abingdon school),
scholar 39-54, B.A. 45, M.A. 46, fellow 54-6, rector
of St. Aldate, Oxford, 56-9 ; held various curacies
59-77. vicar of Sempringham, co. Lincoln, 77-87,
and of Newnham, Herts, 88-9, curate of Dundry,
Bristol, 91 ; died 30 April, 93.

Mitchinson, right rev. John, fellow 55-81, hon.
fellow 84.

Ormond, John, born at Wantage, Berks,

1829 ; 3s. William, gent. Pembroke, matric 19
Nov., 46, aged 17, scholar 46-56, B.A. 50, M.A. 53,
fellow 56-7 (Honours :— 3 mathematics 50) ; vicar
of Great Kimble and rector of Little Kimble, Bucks,
57-72, consular chaplain Trieste 81-3, rector of
Horsenden with Umer, Bucks, 86.

Ainger, Edward Barnard, born at Blackheath, Kent,
21 Dec, 1832; is. Thomas, perpetual curate of
Hampstead, and prebendary of St. Paul's. Pem-
broke, matric. 5 Feb., 52, aged 19 (from St.
Bees gr. school), scholar 52-6, B.A. 56, fellow 56-
78, M.A. 59 (Honours :— 2 classical mods. 54) ;
curate of Bedwardine St. John, co. Worcester, 59-61.

Taylor, John, born in Oxford 1838 ; 2s. John,

gent. Pembroke, matric. 1 March, 55, aged 17
(from Abingdon school), scholar 55-6, fellow 56-65,
B.A. 58, M.A. 61 (Honours :— 3 classical mods,
and 2 mathematical mods. 57, 2 mathematics 58) ;
mathematical master Bromsgrove school 59-60,
curate of Thruxton, co. Hereford, 62-6.

Weigall, Edward Mitford, born at Middleton, co.
Lane, 1833 ; is. Edward, cler. Pem-

broke, matric. 25 Nov., 52, aged 19, scholar 52-6,
B.A. 56, fellow 56-9, M.A. 59 (Honours : — 3
classical mods. 55) ; vicar of Frodingham, co.
Lincoln, 59.



555



EX-FELLOWS OF PEMBROKE.



50



PolehaTIiptOIl, Thomas Stedman, born at Greenford,
Middlesex, 1 April, 1827; 4s. Edward, rector 1822-31.
Pembroke, matric. 12 March, 46, aged 18 (from
Christ's hospital), scholar 46-57, B.A. 50, M.A. 52,
fellow 57-63 (Honours : — 2 mathematics 50) ; held
various curacies 51-64, vicar of Ellel, co. Lane,
64-9, and of St. Bartholomew the Less, London,
etc., 76-78, chaplain at Oporto 78, etc.
Hay ward, Henry Rudge, born at Wantage, Berks,

1831 ; is. Henry, gent. Pembroke, matric. 23
Nov., 49, aged 18 (from school), scholar

49-58, B.A. 53, M.A. 56, fellow 58-64 (Honours :—
2 classical mods, and 2 mathematical mods. 52, 4
classics and 3 mathematics 53) ; rector of Lydiard-
Millicent, Wilts, 64-81, vicar of Cirencester 81,
archdeacon of Cirencester 83.
Hawkins, Edward William, born at Shaw, Berks,

1834 ; 2S. Benjamin, gent. Pembroke, matric.
25 Nov., 52, aged 18 (from Abingdon school), scholar
52-60, B.A. 56, M.A. 59, fellow 60-70 (Honours : —
2 mathematical mods. 54, 3 mathematics 56) ; held
various curacies 57-70, rector of Ringshall, Suffolk, 70.
Corfield, William Henry, born at Shrewsbury Dec,
1843 I IS - Thomas, gent. Magdalen, matric. 12
Oct., 61, aged 17 (from Cheltenham gr. sch. ), demy
61-5, B.A. 64; fellow Pembroke 65-76, M.A. 68,
B.Med. 68, D.Med. 72 (Honours : — 1 mathematical
mods. 63, 1 mathematics 64, 1 natural science 65,
Burdett-Coutts scholarship 66, Radcliff fellowship
67); F.R.c.P.Lond. 75 (m 69), F.G.S., F.c.S., pro-
fessor of hygiene and public health University Coll. ,
London, etc.
Moullir, Charles William Mansell, born in Guernsey
1851 ; 2s. James Mansell, D.Med. Pembroke,
matric.' 26 Oct., 68, aged 17 (from Westbourne
school), B.A. 72, M.A. and B.Med. 76, fellow 77-86,
D.Med. 79 (Honours: — 2 classical mods. 70, 1
natural science 72, Radcliff fellowship 75), late
examiner in physiology; F.R.C.s.Eng. 78 (m 76),
surgeon London hospital, Hunterian professor royal
college surgeons 92.
Tout, Thomas Frederick, born at Lambeth 28 Sept.,
1855; o.s. Thomas Edward, arm. Balliol, matric.
27 Jan., 75, aged 19 (from St. Olave's school,
Southwark), scholar 74-8, B.A. 78, M.A. 81 ; fellow
Pembroke 83-90 (Honours: — 1 history j-j, 2
classics 79); professor of history at Owens coll.,
Manchester, 90.
Macleane, rev. Douglas, born at Bath 5 July, 1856;
3s. Arthur John, cler. Pembroke, matric. 19 May,
75, aged 18 (from Christ's hospital), scholar 75-80,
B.A. 79, M.A. 82, fellow 82-92, lecturer and chaplain
82-4 (Honours : — 1 classical mods, jj, 2 classics
79) ; rector of Codford St. Peter, Wilts, 84.



OTHER RESIDENT MEMBERS
OF CONGREGATION.

Arkell, John, born at Boddington, co. Gloucester,
1836; 2s. Thomas, gent. Pembroke,
matric. 7 June, 55, aged 19 (from Durham school),
B.A. 59, M.A. 62 (Honours:— 4 law and history
59), in University eight 57, 58, and stroke 59 ; rector
of St. Ebbe, Oxford, 80.

Davenport, Thomas Marriott, born at Oxford 5
Dec, 1841; 2s. John Marriott, arm. Pembroke,
matric 18 Jan., 61, aged 19 (from Rugby), B.A. 64,
M.A. 67, clerk of the peace for Oxfordshire, and of
the Oxfordshire county council, district registrar of
the probate court, secretary to the bishop of Oxford,
and registrar of the diocese.

Fookes, rev. Robert Goldstone, born at Gosfield,
Essex, 18 June, 1863 ; o.s. Thomas, gent. Pem-
broke, matric 26 Oct., 81, aged 18, B.A. 84,
M.A. 87 (Honours :— 3 mathematical mods. 83, 2
theology 85), chaplain and divinity lecturer 90,
curate of Gainsborough Holy Trinity 86-9, of St.
Giles 89-90, and of St. Mary Magdalen, Oxford,
90.

Gifford, Edwin Hamilton, born at Bristol 18 Dec,
1821 ; 6s. Richard Ireland, arm. Scholar St.
John's, Cambridge 39 (from Shrewsbury school),
B.A. 43, fellow 43, M.A. 46, D.D. 61 (Honours:
— Pitt university scholarship 42, 15th wrangler,
senior classic and 1st chancellor's medal 43) ;
incorporated at Oxford 30 Nov., 89, aged 68,
from Pembroke Coll. ; headmaster K. Edward
school, Birmingham, 48-62, hon. canon of Worcester
53-77- St. Albans 77-83, select preacher, Cam-
bridge, 64-9, and at Oxford 79 and 91-2, rector of
Walgrave, Northants, 66-75, Warburton lecturer
Lincoln's Inn, 70-74, rector of Much Hadham,
Herts, 75-86, archdeacon of London and canon of
St. Paul's 84-9. For list of his writings see Crock
ford.

Johnson, Charles Bailey, born at Oxford

1851 ; is. James, gent. Pembroke, matric. 7
Feb., 70, aged 19 (from ), B.A. 73,

M.A. 76.

Stock, St. George, born in Douglas, isle of Man, 13
March, 1850 ; 2s. St. George Henry, lieut. 2nd
Queen's own. Pembroke, matric. 26 Oct., 68,
aged 18 (from Victoria coll., Jersey), scholar 68-73,
B.A. 73, M.A. 75; Honours :— i classical mods.
70, 2 classics 72.




557



PEMBROKE COMMONERS.



558



^cfjolar.s* ana Commoners,

Of whom biographical notices appear in the Matriculations 1880-92.



1880.



♦Cotes, William C.
*Seaton, James S.
Green, James S.
Maxsted, Basil E.
Molesworth, Arthur H.
Turner, Frank H.
Pearman, William A.
Polehampton, John
Woolley, Joseph E.
*Emtage, William T. A.
Sadler, Arthur L.
Dixon, Henry L.
Carey, Harold S.
Fisher, Richard
Congreve, Walter N.
Deykin, John R.
Wakefield, Richard D.
Dunkerley, William H. C.
Duncan, Rashleigh J.
Wilson, Charles W. G.
Warner, Raymond J. R.



*Le Lievre, Frederick W. S.
*Cross, Henry M.
♦Harnett, William H. L.
*Claye, Arthur N.
♦Starkey, Cyril E. F.
*Veale, William G.
* Hodge, Harold
Willson, William R.
Evans, Walter
Renton, James H.
Archdale, Nicholas F.
Disney, Edgar N.
Mocatta, Henry E.
Simpson, Henry E.
*Jackman, Joseph A.
Thomas, John L.
Newton, Arthur E.
Busbridge, Vernon A.
Nicholetts, John
Binstead, Charles H.
Bullen, Hugh A.
Nuttall, Thomas K.
Hickley, Charles L.
Cornish, Charles L.
Crake, Arthur H.
Longe, Herbert D.
Gvvyn, Charles J.
Jodrell, Philip N.
Fookes, Robert G.

1882.

♦Johnson, Ernest W.
*Burton, William L.
♦Holland, Edgar R.
Armstrong, James C.
Dewar, George
Lascelles, Edwin J.
Milford, Archibald L.
Hope, Adrian C.
Anderson, Maurice R.
Chaplin, Charles S.
Jones, Howel
Boyes-Fowler, B. J.
McCorquodale, N.
Moseley, James F.



Polehampton, Herbert E.
Price, Arthur R.
Ward, Stanhope E.
Wright, Charles B.



•Marriott, William E.
"Swabey, Stephen
*Allen, James E. R.
*Tubbs, Henry A.
*Raper, Edward B.
Byne, Mordaunt H. M.
Attwood, Thomas A. C.
Foulkes, Arthur G.
Hough, Walter R.
Lane, Charles, M. R. D.
Morgan, Harington
Sutcliffe, Tom
Banister, Herbert
Foster, Herbert H.
Rowden, George V.
Evered, Philip
Crompton, James S.
Waddilove, George H.
Brown, Arthur E.
Gwynne, Reginald J.



*Bagot, Cecil V.
*Wattie, James M.
*Young, Charles P. R.
*Rice, Hugh G.
*Daniel, George W. T.
*Brodrick, William E. B.
*Hewins, William A. S.
*Morgan, William F. T.
Foord-Kelcey, Edward
Beddington, Charles L.
Beddington, George S.
Falcon, William K.
Blakemore, Arthur V.
Nickalls, Hugh P.
Stroud, Lewis
Brookes, Joshua A. R.



\>



*Sladen, Lawrence B.
*Wardell, Warren H.
*0'D\vyer, Charles P. F.
*Hill, Ernest
♦Montgomery, Arthur H.
* Every, Arthur G.
*Watson, Frederick H.
Lawson, George M.
Kingdon, Gilbert K.
Chancellor, Frederick W.
Clarke, Robert S.
Fairlie, Hugh M.
Hatch, Charles W.
Lambert, Francis J.
Malleson, Cecil G.
Miller, Francis
Mothersill, Frank
Rhoades, Willoughby W.



*Duff, John W.
*Cocks, Samuel W.



♦Eastwood, Arthur
♦Ellison, Henry B.
Davis, Stuart G.
Vallance, Henry W.
Bayley, Arthur
Elworthy, Arthur K.
Hawes, Robert P.
Gainsford, George B.
Madan, Spencer
Peache, Gilbert A.
Robin, John W.
Robinson, Henry
Simpson, Edward T. B.
Spurrier, Henry C. M.
Strangman, Edward
Tourtel, William E.
Westropp, Lionel E.



♦Sugars, John E.
♦Williams, Thomas J.
♦Boyle, Charles S.
Borough, Reginald J. M.
Brown, Waller
Chitty, James C. M.
Lloyd, Percy R.
Martyn, Richard L.
Small wood, John E.
Spencer, Bertram S.
Thursby, Harvey W. G.
Upton, Archer M.
Vaughton, Rowland G.
Whatley, Charles L.
Wilder, Percival H. E.
Winch, Richard B.



♦Earnshaw, Albert
*Owen, Edward C.
♦Elliston, Sydney R.
♦Drake, Frederick W.
♦Gouge, Joseph E.
♦Lewis, John Guy R.
♦Hawkes, Thomas
♦Morland, Arthur B.
♦Whicker, Robert B.
Bray, Joseph
Hahn, Charles T.
Tod, Walter M.
Browne, Montague D.
Cornwell, Henry B.
Cotman, Leonard
Errington, Walter A.
Shepherd, Edwin F.
Miller, Percy A.



♦Kitson, James B.
♦Kendall, Nevill
♦Nicolle, Frank G. S.
♦Veysey, John W.
Simms, Leslie W.
Barker, Hildebrand
Barlow, Walter C.
Benson, Wilfrid
Carew, Walter G.
Evans, Lewis H.
Mumford, Robert P. A.
Smith, John O.



Thornton, Cyril M.
Warter, Henry G.



♦Hawkin, Robert C.
♦Slator, Thomas
♦Incledon- Webber, William

B.
♦Langley, Alexander
♦Patourel, Harry F. G. le
♦Georgeson, James
♦Millett, Harold W.
♦Warman, Frederic S. G.
*Stevinson, John S.
Hegginbottom, George
Secretan, Douglas
Addleshaw, Manley
Blackmore, William D.
Chinnery-Haldane, Patrick

V.
Lister, Alfred J.
Muntz, Ronald A.



♦Cook, Edmund J.
♦Fleming, Herbert J.
♦Levick, Lionel T;
♦Jones, Ernest G.
♦Morison, Lennox J.
♦Townsend, James
Adams, John W. B.
Chichester, Charles H.
Hart, Herbert L.
Robb, George A.
Garden, Frederick H. W.
Chown, Thomas L. C.
Clark, Phillips
Ley, Edward C. H.
Lindsay, Patrick C. N.
Willis-Fleming, John E. A.
Harrison, Spencer H.



♦Peters, Thomas J.
♦Saunders, Nathaniel A.
♦Shaw, Harold L.
♦Rowley, Hugh E.
♦Russell, Thomas B.
♦Harcourt, Henry
♦Hildesheimer, Alfred A.
♦Kilby, Reginald G.
♦Pocock, Richard L.
Ballantyne, Walter R.
Clayton, John
Druce, Alfred E.
Hall, William
Hughes, William A.
Moffat, William K.
Moore, Charles H. D.
Pease, Joseph R.
Prowse, William B.
Tetley, James G. W.





ST. ALDATES.



ST. MARY S.





ST. GILES.



CARFAX, ST. MARTINS.



FONTS AT OXFORD.— From engravings by Skelton.




2 O





parapet, DIVINITY SCHOOLS. — From Mackenzie and Pugin.

XIX.— WORCESTER COLLEGE.

HE Baron of Brimsfield, John Giffarde, made over, in 1283, to the
Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter at Gloucester, a house which he had
purchased from the Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem, and which
had originally been the mansion of Gilbert Clare, Earl of Gloucester.
It was to be a House of Study for thirteen monks of that Abbey, under
the name of Gloucester College. This Benedictine Foundation was the
first House of a Monastic Order established in Oxford : unlike Durham
College, which was founded shortly afterwards, it admitted no secular
students, but was solely for members of the Order. Within ten years
the scheme of the College was enlarged, and it became the Oxford
I louse of Study for the novices of the great Benedictine Houses generally,
such as Glastonbury, St. Albans, Westminster, Evesham, Malmesbury,
Norwich. These, separately or jointly, erected several tenements for
their students, some of which still remain as described by Wood. But
all were equally under control of the Prior, who was elected by the
votes of all the students, and were governed by regulations enacted in a
General Chapter of the Benedictine Order — regulations which jealously
provided for the social isolation, and academical independence of the
students. St. Alban's naturally, from its rank among the Benedictine Houses, holds the most important place in
the record of their Oxford College. Abbot Whethamsted, who had been its Prior, was so great a benefactor as to
be styled " the second Founder " of the College. He contributed largely to the erection of a Chapel (1420), built
a Library, and equipped it with books, to which, at his instance, Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, made large
additions. The dissolution of the Monasteries involved the suppression of the Benedictine College, and its appro-
priation by the Crown. Whethamsted 's Chapel and Library were reduced to a ruin ; and the contents of the
latter were lost, or dispersed among the other College Libraries, where Wood professes to have seen them " still
bear their donor's name."

When Henry VIII. founded the Bishoprick at Osney, Gloucester College was made over to the Eishop for his
palace, but in the transference of the Bishoprick to Oxford, it passed again to the Crown, and was ultimately pur-
chased by Sir Thomas Whyte for his new foundation of St. John's College. By him it was converted into a Hall
with the name of the Principal and Scholars of St. John's Hall : and on St. John Baptist's day 1560, the first
Principal, William Stock, and one hundred Scholars took their first commons in the old monks' Refectory. It
was in that same year that the body of Amy Robsart was secretly brought from Cumnor to Gloucester College, and
lay there in a kind of state till the burial at St Mary's.

St. John Baptist's Hall, or Gloucester Hall (for the old name soon re-asserted itself), had a chequered, but on
the whole languishing existence. Men who retired for one reason or another from other Colleges found asylum
there for themselves, and sometimes for their families. Thomas Allen, and Degory Whear, Camden's first History
Professor, in this way occupied lodgings in the Hall ; of which the latter became Principal in 1626. Whear
repaired Hall and Library and Chapel. Under his vigorous administration, assisted by Allen's reputation, the
number of the Students rapidly increased. We are told "there were 100 Students; and some being persons of
quality, ten or twelve met in their doublets of cloth of gold and silver. " Christopher Merritt, Fellow of the Royal
Society, Richard Lovelace, and Sir Kenelm Digby, were during this period members of the Hall. But this brief
prosperity came to an end with the outbreak of the Civil Wars. It was deserted of its Students ; its

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buildings were converted into "workshops for the
manufacture of swords and guns." Wood, describing
the general depression of the University says that
"not one Scholar matriculated in 1675, ^76, 1677,
1678, not one Scholar in Gloucester Hall, only the
Principal and his family, and two or three more
families that live there in some part to keep it from
ruin, the paths are grown over with grass, the way
into the Hall and Chapel made up with boards."
Prideaux, under date 1676, gives a like story of decay,
and Loggan's picturesque view, taken in 1675, with
its pathetic motto " Quare fecit dominus sic domui
huic," illustrates the mournful desolation which had
settled on the place.

Such was the condition of the Hall, when, in 1692,
Dr. Byrom Eaton, who had been Principal for thirty
years, resigned, and was succeeded by a man of
vigorous, bustling, pushing character, a kind of
academical adventurer. This was Dr. Woodroffe, a
Canon of Christ Church, whose nomination to the
Deanery by James II., in 1688, had been cancelled at
the Revolution in favour of Dean Aldrich. Wood-
roffe's first venture with the Hall was on the old
lines, but apparently with but slight success, for
though, according to Wood, "by his great interest
among the gentry he made it flourish with hopeful
sprouts," it is also Wood's evidence that in 1694 there
were but " 6 in Commons at Gloucester Hall, his 2
sons two." His next venture was the conversion of
the Hall into a Greek College — a scheme promoted
by Archbishop Sancroft, and others who favoured
the hope of reunion with the Eastern Church. Under
this scheme five young Grecians were in 1698 brought
from Smyrna, and placed in Gloucester Hall. Put
mismanagement and neglect soon ruined the experi-
ment ; Students bound for Oxford were caught on
their way in the vortex of London temptations, and
in 1705 the Greek College received its quietus in a
missive from the Patriarch of Constantinople forbidding
" any togo and study at Oxford be they ever so willing. "

But while the Greek College was still perishing of
inanition, its Principal was engaged in a scheme of a
more ambitious though less interesting nature. A
Worcestershire Baronet, Sir Thomas Cookes, had
made known his desire, through the Bishop of Wor-
cester, of founding a College at Oxford; ^10,000
was the sum he proposed for an endowment. There
was competition for the prize. Dr. Woodroffe wanted
to secure it for Gloucester Hall, Dr. Mill for St.
Edmund Hall, Dr. Lancaster for Magdalen Hall.

But local rivals were not the only difficulty in the
way of Dr. Woodroffe. He had to contend as well



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