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Joseph Mortimer Levering.

A history of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1741-1892 online

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670.
Friedensville, zinc mines and great engine,

721.
Fries, insurrection, 564.
Funeral first in Bethlehem, 142.



Garrison, engaged by Zinzendorf, 159; Cap-
tain, 166; Captain, to Bethlehem, 237.

Gas works, Bethlehem and South Bethle-
hem, 714, 761.

Gemeintag, 67.

Gemein Haus at Bethlehem, 68.

Gemeinrath, 550, 615, 619, 665.

Georgia, first Moravian colony, 34; grant
of land, 33. 35 ; John Wesley in, 35 ; first
Indian School, 37 ; Spanish hostilities,

38, 40; Moravian colony breaking up,

39, 40; Second Moravian colony, 35 ;
Moravians to Pennsylvania, 4I.

Gerard, Chevalier, at Bethlehem ; visit an-
nounced by Henry Laurens, 489.

Gnadenhoeh, 426.

Gnadenhuetten, Mahoning, 193 ; begun,
193; Indian visitors, 238; massacre, 310-
318; destroyed, 332; new, 243; Ohio,
massacre of Moravian Indians, 523.

G^iadenstadt^ 426.

Gnadeuthal, commenced, 190; sold for
poor-house, 668.

Goepp's financial measures, 668.

Grace Church, Lutheran, 694.

Grand Army Post, 752.

Greenland, mission begun, 29, N. J., 236;
converts at Bethlehem, 233.

Greenlanders, at Bethlehem, 240.

H

Half-way house, 738.

Harvard College invites Comenius, 20.



782



GENERAL INDEX.



Harvest, first in Bethlehem, 145.

Nausgdtneine, 1 29, l7^.

Heckewelder, John, arrives, 278; enters
mission service, 387.

Helpers' Conference Provincial, (see Pro-
vincial Elders Conference).

Helpers' General Conference of, 616, 619.

Herrnhut, beginning of, 22 ; relation to Ber-
thelsdorf, 24.

Hirten Lieder von Bethlehem 97.

Historic establishments, 670, 671.

Hoeth's, massacre at, 327.

Holland, a refuge for persecuted religion-
ists, 2.

Home Mission Society, Bethlehem, 649.

Hope, ship launched. 375.

Hope, N. J., 236, 543; established, 416;
settlement abandoned. 586; property
sold, 587 ; Ettwein resides at, 511.

Horsfield, Timothy, Sr., to Bethlehem, 237 ;
builds house, 257 ; death, 432.

Hospital, military, moved to Bethlehem, 451 ;
interments on west side hill, 454 ; Chap-
lain, Ettwein, 454; second time at Beth-
lehem, 464 ; overcrowded, 474 ; fever
spreads into the town, 476 ; deaths, few
on record, 477, 479 ; final removal, 482
expenses claimed by Bethlehem, 482, 730,

Hotel, the Crown, 190, 359, 360 ; closed
546; sold and demolished, 722; for In
dians, 192; Indian, 258; the Sun
360, 408 ; Gov. John Penn, at, 433
crowded with military, 455 ; high stand
ard of, 494; prominent guests, 515, 544
insurrectionists in custody at, 5(34 ; fictions
about dungeons, 565 ; remodeled, 630
habitues, 631. 632 ; sold and refitted. 71S
Eagle, 547, 633, 634, 670; modern im
provements, 715 ; Anchor, 645, 715
Fetter House, 645, 715; Keystone House,
715 ; Pennsylvania House, 715 ; American
House, 716; Union House, 716; Conti-
nental, 722.

Hourly intercession, 141.

House leases, church-villages, 611.

Hunter's Settlement, 46.

Hydropathic Institute, 719.

Hymnal, Bohemian, 15.

I

Indian Mission in Georgia, 29 ; languages,
students of, 70; Mission work planned,
133; baptism, first in Bethlehem, 143;
Missions planned, 155 ; languages studied,
165; Mission in New York, 184; houses
at Bethlehem, 192; Missions extended,
237 ; Missions in New York and Con-
necticut abandoned, 239 ; names for mis-
sionaries, 242 ; Renatus, trial, 401 ;
Renatus, killed, 496 ; converts to Wyom-



ing Valley, 406; converts to Ohio, 407;
Indians at Bethlehem, 152; from Sheko-
meko, 177 ; last notable visit of, 561, 562 ;
Friedenshuetten, (70.

Independence, Declaration of, 446.

Indestructible Lancers, 742.

Industries, reviewed, 388, 389, 390 ; more
liberty in, sought, 614 ; varieties of, 634,
635 ; established at canal, 645 ; sale of
concerns to individuals, 669.

Irene, ship built, 200, 20I ; launched, 288;
wrecked, 363.

Irish Settlement, 46, 150; refugees in Beth-
lehem, 308.

Iron foundry, the first, 634 ; Beckel's, 669,
723, 735 ; Abbott and Cortright's, 723.

Iron furnaces at canal, projected, 723.

Iron works. South Bethlehem, 723, 758.



Jefferson School-house, 762.

John Wasamapah (Tschoop), 113; death

of, 193-
Jones, Paul, at Bethlehem, 521 ; as volunteer

police officer, 522.
Justice of the Peace, 139.

K

Keystone House, see Hotel.
Kinderhaus, old and new, 702.
Kirchentag, Maehrischer, 621.
Kobatch, Col., (^Kowats,) at Bethlehem, 486.



La Fayette at Bethlehem. 465.

Land, Bethlehem, proposed sale of, 606 ;
relation, Bethlehem Boards, Proprietor,
Administrator, Unity's Wardens. 606,
607 ; opposition of Administrator Cunow,
607 ; his methods, 608 ; crisis, 637 ; he is
retired, 637 ; is succeeded by L. D. de
Schweinitz, 637 ; new Administrator ends
controversy 638 ; new agreements signed,
638; large sales by P. H. Goepp, 685,
718.

Lapland, Mission attempted, 29.

Laurel Street Chapel, 763.

Laurens, Henry, at Bethlehem, 465.

Law, right of resort to, claimed, 612.

Lease system, abolition of desired, 6ll ;
effected, 679.

Lehigh Coal Company, 641.

Lehigh Navigation Company, 642 ; com-
bined with Coal Company, 642.

Lehigh University founded. 728.

Library, Congregation and archives, 661.

Library Association, Bethlehem, 701.

Limitation clause, house leases, 6ll.

Lissa folios found, 12.

Lissa, burnt, 18.



GENERAL INDEX.



7^5



I^ittle Strength, i66; captured by privateer,

.174-
Liquidation Committee, Moravian property,

686, 687.
Log houses, present church site, demolished,

574-
London, first Sea-Congregation organized,

107.
Losung, 69.
Lot, use of the, 102, 103 ; objected to, 590,

591, 611.
Lovefeasts, 183 ; explained, 66.
Lutheran Church, Bethlehem, beginning of,

692-694.

M

Maguntsche, 1 56.

Mail stage, 544, 630, 722, 730.

Market house opened, 759.

Marriage, first in Bethlehem, 142.

Marschall, F. W. von, and party receive
passports, 507.

May twelfth, significance of, 621.

Meniolagomeka, Mission, 244.

Mennonite Church, 699.

Methodist, Thomas Webb at Bethlehem, 458.

Methodists, first movements, 3 ; beginning
of Methodist Church, 695, 696.

Militia service, 440 ; inhibition of resisted,
612.

Mill, grist, built, 161 ; rebuilt, 256; leased,
635; sold to C. A. Luckenbach, 652;
burnt and rebuilt, 737; saw, 173, 192;
at Gnadenhuetten, 195, 196 ; Christians-
brunn, 195, 196; Friedensthal, built, 250;
oil, 192; burnt, 400 ; rebuilt, 410 ; at
Bethlehem, enlarged, 253 ; fulling, built,
253 ; started, 256, 635, 669 ; road de-
clared public, 636 ; Owen Rice, up the
Monocacy. 643 ; buckwheat 667 ; woolen,
Doster's, 669, 742.

Mills, woolen, Monocacy and Moravian,
669, 742.

Mission work, plans for, 104 ; Indian, in
Ohio, 387.

Missionaries suspected as Papists, 174, 175,
176; imprisoned in New York, 177 ; at
Wyoming in danger. 305.

Missionary Society, Women's, 625 ; Young
Men's, 648.

Monopolies, relaxation of desired, 613.

Moravian Congregation, settlement with
Administration and Sustentation, 684-
686 ; legal incorporation, 687 ; first offi-
cers under charter, 687 ; last officers under
old system, 688 ; pastoral changes, 689.

Moravian Church, titles of, 7 ; sketch of, 7,
8, 9; Episcopate, 8, il ; Churchmen, the
five, 22, 28, 30.

Musgrave Chapel, Presbyterian, 698.



Music, organ, 171 ; spinet, 171 ; trombones,
331 ; organ-builder, Klemm, 363; Tanne-
berger, 364; organ by Tanneberger, 45 1 ;
musicians serve country churches, 563,
62* ; Singsttinden and Liturgien, 581 ;
devotion to music, 584; first rendition of
" The Creation," 584 ; Philharmonic So-
ciety, 661 ; uses Old Chapel, 661 ; musi-
cal developments reviewed, 662 ; the
IVasserfarth, 662 ; notable musical per-
formances, 662 ; W. T. Roepper as musi-
cal director, 662 ; Jedediah Weiss, basso,

662 ; "band music," 663; trombone choir,
663; first ''band," David Moritz Michael,

663 ; Columbia Band and Beckel's Band,
664 ; Ambrose H. Rauch, musical patri-
arch, 664; Philharmonic Society, decline
and revival, 708, 763 ; Theodore F. Wolle
and William K. Graber, 708, 709; Choral
Union, Liede>-kranz, Concordia Glee Club,
Cornet Band, Fairview Band, 764 ; Ora-
torios directed by J. Fred. Wolle, 764;
The Oratorio Society, 764; Bach Choir
and Festival, 764.

Musicum^ Collegiuftt, organized, 172, 205.

N

Nain. planned, 353 ; Indians threatened,
393 ; abandoned, 402 ; houses removed to
Bethlehem, 407.

Nativity of our Lord, Church of, 697.

Naturalization Act, 214, 215, 216.

Nazareth tract. The Rose, purchased by
Whitefield, 44 ; Moravian mechanics,
44, 51 ; Court Baron, 147; Congregation
organized, 147, 170; places consolidated,
378.

Nazareth Hall planned, 280 ; finished, 282 ;
dedicated, 348 ; boys' school, 366 ; plans
elaborated, 404.

Neisser, George, School-house, 762.

New-Born, the, 80.

New Haven, Conn., Sea-Congregation lands,
III.

New London, Conn., Sea - Congregation
lands, no.

New Mooners, 80.

Newspapers, 711-714.

Nineteenth Century, close of, 776.

Nisky Hill Bridge Company, 760 ; Ceme-
tery, 691 ; Seminary, 705, 723, 762.

Nitschmann, John, regime^ 246; recalled,
261 ; David, Sr., death of, 365 ; Bishop
David, death of, 432.

Noah's Ark, 670.

Non-combatants, Moravians as, 38, 336, 337,
434 ; Franklin's letter on, 437.

Northampton County erected, 266.

Northampton town, 408.

Nursery, 231.



784



GENERAL INDEX.



Oath, taking of, 216, 217.

Odd Fellows' Hall, 695.

Official changes, 1834-1835, reviewed, 675-
676.

Old Chapel, inconvenient entrance, 572 ;
former interior of, 572 ; becomes library
and concert hall, 661 ; renovated for wor-
ship, 691 ; organ in, 691.

Old Man's place, 209.

Old South Bethlehem, 645.

Onondago, Zeisberger visits, 245, 304 ; Cam-
merhoff visits, 245.

Oppeltsville, 719.

Ordination, first Moravian in America, 36 ;
first in Bethlehem, 143.

Organization, interlinked, objected to, 615.

Overseers, Board of, instituted, 421.

Oxford, Peter Boehler at, 39.



Palmetto rattlesnake ticket, 742.

Paper mill at canal, 643 ; its later uses, 644.

Park, Main and Church Streets proposed,

571.
Parliament, English, and the Moravians,

27, 28 ; recognizes Moravian Church,

218-222.
Parsons, William, sketch of, 265.
Paternalism, "Pappy Schaaf," 620.
Patriotic demonstrations, 646, 750, 752, 753.
Paxton rangers, 403.
Penn, John, poem on Bethlehem, 552.
Penn School- house, 762.
Pennsylvania experiment, Penn's, i, 2, 4.
Pennsylvania House, see Hotel.
Pennsylvania Synods, 98, 99, 100, 102.
Pharmacy, 140, 203 ; built, 256 ; apothe-
cary shop, 543; Otto, Freitag, Rau, 671.
Philadelphia Koad, 545.
Physician, Meyer, 146, 150; J. F. and J. M.

Otto, 167, 171, 253; J. M. Schmidt, 279,

355; others, 543. 544, 746, 747.
Piano factory, Malthaner, 716.
Pilgergemeine, 1 29.
Political excitement, 563-565.
Polyglot singing, 204, 205.
Population, 1876, 1890, the Bethlehems,

761.
Portraits.

Abbott, Merit, 726.

Anders, Rosina, 190.

Beckel, C. F., 686.

Benade, Andrew, 580.

Bigler, David, 728.

Bishop, Chas. D., 666, 686.

Bishop, D. H., 700.

Bishop, J. D., 580.

Bleck, E. F., 662.

Boehler, P., 38.



Boehler, Elizabeth, 190.
Borhek, J. T., 726.
Brickenstein, J. C, 598.
Brunner, S., 720.
Cammerhoff, J. C. F., 184.
Cortright, Ira, 726.
Day, M. A., 694.
Desh, D., 720.
Dodson, VV., 764.
Doster, J. L.. 714.
Eggert, B , 714.
Ettwein, J., 504.
Fickardt, F. A., 746.
Freytag, J. E., 746.
Frueauff, E. A., 674.
Garrison, N., 266.
Goepp, P. H., 674.
Goundie, J. S., 686.
Grube, B. A., 266.
Guetter, H. G., 686.
Haidt, J. v., 266.
Heckewelder, J., 522.
Herman, J. G., 674.
Horsfield, T., 266.
Huebener, A. L., 746.
Jacobson, J. C, 728.
Jones, M. C, 700.
Kampmann, L. F., 674.
Lawatsch, A. Mar., 190.
Krause, Matth., 674.
Lehman, B. E., 764.
Lehman, E. L., 662,
Leibert, Jas. G., 714.
Leibert, William, 764.
Leinbach, A. N., 746.
Lerch, John, 720.
Loos, L K., 694.
Loskiel, G. H., 580.
Luckenbach, Abr., 522.
Luckenbach, C. Aug., 714.
Luckenbach, J. Chr., 680.
Luckenbach, H. B., 714.
Luckenbach, Jacob, 720.
Luckenbach, O. A., 764.
Mack, Anna, 190.
Mack, J. M., 522.
Martin, F. A., 746.
Neisser, Geo., 184.
Nitschmann, Anna, 190.
Nitschmann, D., Sr., 64.
Nitschmann, D., Episc, 30.
Nitschmann, John, 184.
Oerter, Jos., 2 6.
Pyrlaeus, J. C, 184.
Ranch, C. W., 700.
Rath, J. B., 700.
Reichel, C. G., 580.
Reichel, Wm. C, 694.
Rice. Jacob, 680.
Rice, Jas. A., 720.



GENERAL INDEX.



785



Rice, Owen I, 522.

Rice, Owen II, 680.

Roepper, W. Th., 662.

Rondthaler, A., 694.

Schropp, John, 598.

Shultz, H. A., 728.

Schweinitz, de, E. A., 752.

Schweinitz de, L. D., 598.

Schweinitz, de, R. W., 764.

Seidel, Anna ]., 190.

Seidel, C. F.,"728.

Seidel, Nath., 184.

Spangenberg, A. G., 178.

Spangenberg, Mary E., 190.

Stadiger, J. F., 598.

Till, J. C, 662.

Van Vleck, Jacob, 580.

Van Vleck, W. H., 598.

Washington, George^ 518.

Weiss, Jed., 662.

Welden, C. F., 694.

Wetherill, S., 726.

Wilhelm, B., 726.

Wolle, Aug., 700.

Wolle, Francis, 732.

Wolle, Jacob, 680.

Wolle, Sylvester, 728.

Wolle, Theo. F., 686.

Zeisberger, D., 522.

Zinzendorf, N. L., 20.
Post, Frederick, his services, 361, 362.
Postillion, 140.
Postmasters, 140, 543, 739.
Fost-office, 739, 761.
Post roads, 545.
Potter, first in Bethlehem, 145.
Prague, ''the day of blood," 17.
Preparatory School, Lehigh University, 762.
Presbyterian Church, Bethlehem, beginning

of, 698.
Presidents Adams and Jefferson die, sud-
denly, 646.
Printer, Brandmiller, 413 ; others, 710-714.
Printing, by J. Henry Miller, 74, 95 ; Brand-
miller's text book. 120.
Proprietor, D. Nitschmann, 269; N. .Seidel,

379 ; church estates, final settlements,

684 ; ofiice ceases, 689.
Protestant Episcopal Church, first services,

697.
Provincial Board (Provincial Helpers' Con-
ference — General Helpers' Conference —

Provincial Elders' Conference), 616, 619,

677, 679 684, 685 ; legally incorporated,

687.
Publication Office, Moravian, 712,
Publications, Bethlehem, 711-714.
Pulaski, Count Casimir, at Bethlehem, 485 ;

his banner, 487.
Purysburg, S. C, 39.

51



Railroads, Lehigh Valley, 721 ; North Penn-
sylvania, 722 ; Lehigh and Susquehanna,
737 : Lehigh and Lackawanna, 738.

Jia/w Disciplinae, 1 3, 1 8, 25, 86.

Redemptioners, 112, 151.

Reformed Church, Bethlehem, beginning of,
692-694; of Poland absorbs Moravian
refugees, 19.

Refugees, 329, 334, 342, 347, 398, 399 ; 495,
first from Moravia to Berthelsdorf, 22 ;
from Philadelphia and New York, 454,
465.

Renewed Church, birthday of, 24.

Revolution, soldiers pass through, 441, 449,

450, 453 ; prisoners are quartered, 442,
461, 462 ; prices of commodities, 445,

451, 460, 493; prisoners pass through,
448, 461 ; militia called, 448; militia
service declined, 449, 472 ; Generals
Gates and Sullivan at Bethlehem, 455 ;
military stores deposited, 457, 462, 468,
470 ; military supplies furnished, 458,
468, 469, 474 ; Moravians harassed by
neighboring squires 461, 472, 473, 496-
502 ; riotous conduct of soldiers, 479 ;
arbitrary orders of petty officers, 481 ; end
of causes rejoicing, 526.

Riedesel, General and Madam, 490-493.
River bank changed by railroad, 721.
Road, public, 170 ; Easton to Reading, 287 ;

roller, steam, 759 ; to mill and tannery,

635 ; to Nazareth, 259.
Roads, public. 212, 213.
Roman Catholic Church, Bethlehem, 697.
Rose, the inn, 257.



Sabbath, 150, 152; observance of, 211 ;
Association, canal boat mission, 699.

Sacristan, 139.

Salem Church built and consecrated, 692-
694.

Sand Island, industrial and other associa-
tions, 669, 670.

Saturday, Sabbatarian observance of, 67, 77,

132. 133-

Saucon Valley Churches, 563.

Saxon Commission, 27.

Sch7ieppel-Hanbe discarded, 617, 618.

Schoepf, Dr. J. D., naturalist, at Bethlehem,
524.

School-master, George Neisser, 149.

Schools at Bethlehem, 149, 166; Frederick-
town, 207; closed, 251 ; Germantown,
104, 105, 149, 207; Nazareth, 165;
boarding, for girls, 231 ; first Indian, in
Georgia, 37 ; in Pennsylvania, 104 ; for
boys, 206, 231 ; south side, 208; girls,
205, 173; work in Pennsylvania, 149;



786



GENERAL INDEX.



plans enlarged at close of Revolu-
tion, 528 ; new era in, 533-535 ; various
transfers, 252, 253 ; Seminary, Girls,
second building, 548- 551 ; school moved
into Brethren's House, 600 ; use made of
previous building, 601 ; condition of boys'
school, 601 ; teachers of boys, 602 ; im-
provements, School Board, 604 ; Cedar
Street school-house, 605 ; Principals Young
Ladies' Seminary, 605 ; further improve-
ment, day-schools, 654, 655 ; era of Public
Schools, 656 ; Bethlehem school district
and directors, 656 ; school tax, 657 ;
public and parochial schools combined,
657 ; teachers, 658 , Bleck's Academy,
659; sold to Van Kirk, 660 ; citizens vote
to maintain school system, 660 ; Parochial
school re-organized separately, 661 ; dis-
trict school retrogrades, 661 ; day school,
girls, re-organized, 702 ; various teachers
Church schools, 702, 703 ; new Parochial
school building, 703, 704 ; old building
demolished, 704; Ambrose Rondthaler
and teachers, 704, 705 ; Van Kirk's Nisky
Hill Seminary, 705 ; Schwartz's Academy,
705 ; public schools and teachers, 706-
708 ; teachers' association, 706 ; Wall
Street school-house, 706; P'ranklin school-
house, 707 ; most recent improvements
and buildings, 761, 762; Centennial, re-
organization. Young Ladies' Seminary,
762.

Schuessele's painting, Zeisberger, Indians,
701, 768.

Schwenkfelder, colony to Penna., 31, 32 ;
visited by Spangenberg, 37.

Scripture texts or watchword, 69.

Sea-Congregation, first, announced, 105 ;
fitted out in London, 107 ; arrives at New
York, III ; at Bethlehem, 127; second,
166; arrives at Bethlehem, 169, third,
2 1 8, 234.

Seal of Unitas Fratrum, 5, 6.

Secret Societies, 694.

Seminary for Young Ladies, 231 ; the old,

Sendomir, Consensus of, 13.

Sesqui-Centennial, Bethlehem, committees
and preparations, 766 ; Christmas, 1 89 1,
specially observed, 767 ; program for June
24-26, 768 ; medals, 768 ; Bethlehem
Times, industrial edition, 768; decorations,
768; observance by schools, 771 ; festal
eve service, 769; memorial tablets and
stones unveiled by school children, 771 ;
civic celebration, parade, oration, 773 ;
loan exhibition, 773 ; illumination, 773;
church services, Sunday, 774,

Shad fishing, 256, 429.

Shamokin, 194.



Shekomeko, baptism of Indians, 154; Chr.
H. Rauch at, 59; Bishop Nitschmann at,

67-
Sifting, time of, 186.
Silk culture, 290, 291.
Silk industry, 758; Mortis Multicaulis c\z.z&,

758; cocoonery, Neisser house, 758 ; silli

mills, 758.
Silver smiths, 614.
Simpson tract, purchased, 163.
Sisters' House occupied, 199; wing built,

256 ; addition to, 425 ; eastern section,

431 ; guarded, 455 ; Longfellow's poem,

485-

Six Nations vs. Delawares, 48 ; land treaty,
48 ; treaty with, 245.

Skippack, Associated Brethren of, 32 ;
Wiegner settles in, 32.

Small-pox, epidemic, 193, 369, 370, 432,
457 ; inoculation, 432 ; scourge, 755.

Smithy, 254.

Society for Propagating the Gospel, 555, 558;
communications of, with public men, 558;
with Washington, 559; suffers financially,
677; centennial anniversary, 763; Fur-
therance of the Gospel, 70, 149.

Sons of Temperance, 697.

South Bethlehem beginnings, 718 ; first plots,
Augusta, Wetherill, 720 ; called Bethle-
hem South, 726; Borough incorporated,
726 ; post-office, 726 ; Gas and Water
Company, 727 ; fire department, 727 ;
public schools and school houses, 727-
728; population, 731, 761.

South Bethlehem House, 715.

South Bethlehem, Old, 645, 715.

Spangenberg consecrated bishop, 177 ; re-
signs inspectorship, 226 ; to Philadelphia,
230 ; returns, 262; final leave, 385.

Stage, line to Philadelphia, 408.

Steam wagon, coal regions, 642.

Steel works. South Bethlehem, 725, 758.

Stenton massacre, 397.

Store, first general, 257 ; from Oberlin to
Chr. Heckewelder, 514; new, 547; Chr.
Heckewelder and Owen Rice, 547, 51.8;
competition, 633 ; building converted into
hotel, 633.

St. Croix, mission begun, 29.

St. John's Church, Evangelical Association,
696.

St. Luke's Hospital, 730.

St. Paul's Church, Reformed, 694.

St. Thomas, mission begun, 28 ; Zinzendorf
visits, 41.

Streets named, 636 ; population by, 689 ;
additions, 715; modern improvements,

759.
Sullivan, Gen., campaign against the Indians,

495-



General index.



f^l



Sunday, observance of, 131.

Sunday-schools, epoch of, 622 ; in Pennsyl-
vania, 623 ; by Moravians, 623 ; first
opened at Bethlehem, 624 ; at Old South
Bethlehem, 185 1, and at West Bethlehem,
1856, 699.

Sun Inn, see Hotel.

Supervising Board, externals, Aufseher Col-

^ L'gitim, 139, 550, 666, 677, 68r, 688.

Surinam, mission begun, 29.

Sustentation Diacony established, 424 ; en-
dowed by Bethlehem, Nazareth, Lititz,
685, 689.

Swedish settlements on the Delaware, 3.

Synod, first Moravian, 226; Synod, 1817, and
General Synod, 1818, changes at Bethle-
hem, 609-619.



Taborites, 9.

Tannery, sold to Joseph and James Leibert,
652 ; to William Leibert and Adam
Giering, 737.

Tavern, planned, 146.

Tax Board, 665.

Taxes, 272.

Teedyuscung baptized, 244 ; on South side,
357 ; death of, 358.

Temperance Hall, 696, 697

Test Ac£ pressed upon Bethlehem, 459, 471,
498.

Text-book, 69.

Theological Seminary founded at Nazareth,
587 ; first professors and students, 587,
588 ; close regime resisted by Prof. Haze-
lius, 588 ; controversy with authorities,
589 ; Nazareth men participate, 59° i
Cunow's ill advised stringency, 590, 592 ;
Hazelius and others withdraw, 592 ; insti-
tution re-opened, 593 ; its different quar-
ters to 1858, Nazareth, Philadelphia, Beth-
lehem, 593 ; on Broad Street, 660 ; on
Church Street, 706 ; in new buildings.
Main Street, 762 ; Memorial Chapel, 763.

Timber yard, 570.

Tinsmith shop, Christian Luckenbach, 670.

Tory, word in vogue, 434.

Township, Bethlehem, erected, 213.

Tract Society, 699.

Trinity Church, Episcopal, 698.

Tropes, 23, 177, 227, 228.

Trout Hall, 408.

U

Ulster Scots' Settlement, 46.

Union Guards and Cadets, 742.

Union House, 716-

Unitas Fratrum, Seal of, 5, 6.

Unity's Elders' Conference, deputies of, in
Pennsylvania, 581, 586.

Utraquists, 9.



V

Village government in transition, 665 ; new
plan of streets, 665 ; village functionaries,
665 ; town meetings, 665 ; forerunners of
town council, 666.

Vineyard street school house, Sunday-school
in, 699, 757-

Visitors, 156, 236, 275, 388, 408, 430,
433 ; B. Franklin, 327 ; Governor Hamil-
ton, 371 ; Governor of Pennsylvania,
266, 415 ; Governor of South Carolina,
415; Rev. C. Oldendorp, 415 ; Governor
of New Jersey, 416 ; Hannah Callender,
371-374; notable, 551 ; Duke de la Ro-
chefoucauld (Liancourt), 552; Portugese
minister, 629 ; Joseph Bonaparte, 629 ;
Duke of Saxe Weimar, 629 ; Prince of
Wied, 645 ; to Bethlehem, 62, 63, 489 ;
prominent men, 485 ; of note, 521.



W

Wachovia, N. C, surveyed, 271.

Walking purchase, 49, 50.

Wall Street school house, 706, 762.

War, Civil, see Civil War ; English and
French, 174; of 1812, one Moravian in,
612.

Wardens' Unity, financial relations to, 594,
597, 679, 685.

Washington, Bushrod, mentioned, 505 ;
GAi. George, visits Bethlehem, 515-517 ;
letter from, 559; death of, 566; Lady, at
Bethlehem, 495; Wm. Augustine, at Beth-
lehem, 505.

Washington Greys, 740.

Watchmakers, 634 ; shop of Jedediah Weiss,

734-
Water cure, Oppelt's, 719, 730.
Water supply, 202 ; old wooden tower, 573;

new stone tower. Market Street, 573> 667 ;

water tower at new church proposed,

573 ; iron pipes laid, 666 ; reservoirs,

Market Street, north of Broad Street, on

Church Street, 667 ; new pumps, 667, 761 ;

South Bethlehem, 761.
Waterways made available, 428.
Water-works, 288, 289, 290.
Watteville, John de, arrives, 226 ; second

visit to America, 528; results of, 530.
Webb, Thomas, at Bethlehem, 458.
Wechquadnach, Mission at, 73-
Wechquetank, occupied, 368, 369 ; Indians

threatened, 393 ; abandoned, 399.
Wedding, the great, 166.
Weinland house, butcher-shop in, 671.
Welagomeka, village, 50 ; Capt. John, 59,

64; Zinzendorf at, I33, I95.
Wesley, John, in Georgia, 35 ; Methodist

Church, 696.



788



GENERAL INDEX.



West Bethlehem, Borough incorporated,
fire department, 756; school houses and
churches, 757 ; Moravian Chapel, 691,

757-
Wetteravia, settlement of, 106; enthusiasts,

187.

Whitefield, Geo., controversy with, 41, 52, 54;
house, 51, 53, 64 ; negro school in Penna.,
43; work resumed, 162; finished, 170;
visits Nazareth, 206.

White Mountain, battle of, i 7.

Widows' House built, 410; Society insti-
tuted, 411.



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