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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES



3 3433 08254262 6



a



vw. ** x -



UNIVERSAL



PRONOUNCING DICTIONARY



OF



BIOGRAPHY



AND



MYTHOLOGY



BY

JOSEPH THOMAS, M.D., LL.D.

AUTHOR OF THE SYSTEM OF PRONUNCIATION IN " LIPPINCOTT'S PRONOUNCING GAZETTEER OF THE WORLD,'

OF "A COMPREHENSIVE MEDICAL DICTIONARY," AND OF VARIOUS PRONOUNCING

VOCABULARIES OF BIOGRAPHICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES



NEW THIRD EDITION

THOROUGHLY REVISED AND BROUGHT UP TO I 90!



VOL. II. -HER TO Z



PHILADELPHIA

J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY

LONDON : 36 SOUTHAMPTON STREET, COVENT GARDEN

1901 jijj; S.A

\ T



L



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1870, by
J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO.,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States in and for the
Eastern District of Pennsylvania.



Copyright, 1885, by J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY.



Copyright, 1901, by J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY



ELECTP.OTVPED AND PRINTED BV J. B. LIPPINCO1 T COMPANV, PHILADELPHIA, U.S



HERVE



1279



HESHAM



Herve, (AiME MARIE. EDOUARD,) a French jour-
nalist, born in the island of Reunion in 1835. He
engaged in editorial labour, in 1867 founded the
" Journal de Paris," an opponent of the Napoleonic
regime, and in 1873 the" Soleil," alow-priced political
newspaper. He wrote several historical works, and
was made a member of the Academy in 1886. Died
January 4, 1899.

Herv*-Fierabraa, eR'vi' fe'eh-ri'bRl', a French
physician, born at Rouen, lived about 1550. He pub-
lished an able treatise on Surgery, (1550.)

Hervet, //ea'vi', (GENTIAN,) a learned French theo-
logian, born near Orleans in 1499, distinguished himself
at the Council of Trent, (1545,) and wrote against Cal-
vinism. He translated some works of the Greek Fathers
into Latin. Died in 1584.

See NlrfRON, " Memoires ;" DsTHOU. " filogeV'wilh addition,
of THISSIKR.

Her'vey, (AUGUSTUS JOHN,) third Earl of Bristol,
son of Lord John, noticed below, was born in 1724. He
became a post-captain in 1747, and displayed courage in
geveral battles in the Mediterranean and in the West
Indies. In 1771 he was appointed one of the lords of
the admiralty, and in 1775, by the death of an elder
brother, became Earl of Bristol. Soon after this he was
created an admiral. He died in 1779, and his title was
inherited by his brother Frederick, Bishop of Derry.

Hervey, (ELEONORA LOUISA,) an authoress, whose
maiden name was MONTAGUE, born at Liverpool in 1811.
She began to write graceful verses for the periodicals at
n early age, and published in 1839 "The Landgrave,"
a dramatic poem. In 1843 she was married to Thomas
K. Hervey, noticed below. Among her works are tales
In prose, entitled " Margaret Russell," (1849,) and "The
Pathway of the Fawn," (1851.)

Hervey, (FREDERICK,) fourth Earl of Bristol, born in
1730, was a brother of Augustus John, noticed above.
He became Bishop of Derry in 1768, and succeeded to
the earldom on the death of his brother, in 1779. He
was eccentric in habits, and was a liberal patron of the
fine arts. Died at Albano, Italy, in 1803.

Hervey, (JAMES,) an English divine and author, born
at Hardingstone, near Northampton, in 1714, was edu-
cated at Oxford University, and was a good classical
scholar. Having taken orders, he became curate of
Dummer in 1736, and of Bideford in 1738. From 1743
until 1750 he was curate of Weston Favell, of which his
father was rector, and at the death of the latter, in 1752,
the son obtained that living. He was noted for piety and
benevolence. His " Meditations and Contemplations,"
published in 1746, were extensively popular, notwith-
standing his faulty style, which is too flowery and subli-
mated to please the most correct taste. It is or was
generally found on the shelves of English cottages by
the side of the Bible and " Pilgrim's Progress."
Hervey also wrote " Theron and Aspasia, a Series of
' Dialogues and Letters," and a few minor works.
i Died in 1758.

Hervey, (Lord JOHN,) an English writer, born in
1696, was the eldest son of the first Earl of Bristol. He
obtained a seat in Parliament soon after the accession
of George I., and in 1730 became a privy councillor. In
1733 he was raised to the peerage, as Baron Hervey of
Ickworth, and in 1740 was appointed lord privy seal in
the cabinet of Walpole. He wrote able political pam-
phlets, verses, and an " Epistle from a Nobleman to a
Doctor of Divinity," the last of which was an answer to
Pope, who satirized him, in the character of Sporus, as
"the mere white curd of asses' milk." He also wrote
interesting "Memoirs of the Court of George II." Died
in 1743.

Hervey, (THOMAS KIBBLE,) an English poet and
editor, born in Manchester in 1804. He studied at Cam-
bridge and Oxford. In 1824 he published "Australia,
aiid other Poems," which was received with favour. His
"Poetical Sketch-Book" appeared in 1829. He after-
wards produced "Illustrations of Modern Sculpture,"
(1832,) a work of merit, and "The Book of Christmas,"
. (1836.) From 1846 to 1854 he was chief editor of the
"Athenaeum." Died in February, 1859.



Herwarth von Bittenfeld, heVwaRt fon bit'ten.
Sit', (KARL EBERHARD,) a Prussian general, born at
jrosswerther, September 4, 1796, commanded a corps
of the army which under the crown-prince contributed
to the victory of Sadowa, and later became field-marshal-
-jeneral. Died September 2, 1884.

His brothers, HANS (1800-81) and FRIEDRICH ADRIAN,
1802-84,) were prominent as general officers.

Herwart von Hohenburg, heVwaRt fon ho'en-
bcJoRG', (JoHANN GEORG,) a German scholar, born at
Augsburg in 1554 ; died in 1622.

See ERSCH und GRUBHR, "Allgemeine Encyklopaedie."

Herwegh, hjR'wJo, (GEORG,) a popular German lyric
poet, born at Stuttgart in 1817. He published at Zurich,
in 1841, a volume of republican or liberal poems, enti-
tled " Gedichte eines Lebendigen," (" Poems of a Living
Man,") which had great success. He became a citizen
of Bale, and about 1845 joined the radicals of Paris. In
the spring of 1848 he raised a legion and invaded Baden
with a design to revolutionize it ; but he failed, and took
refuge in Switzerland. Died April 7, 1875.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe ;" F. LIPP, "G.
Herwegh's viertagige Irr- und Wanderfanrt mit der Pariser Deutsch-
demokratischen Legion," etc., 1850; " Foreign Quarterly Review"
for April, 1843.

Hery, de, d?h Aa're', (THIERRY,) a skilful French
surgeon, born in Paris about 1505. Having practised
with success in Paris, he was employed by F'rancis I. in
the army of Italy, and acquired a great reputation by
the cure of syphilis, on which he wrote an original and
able treatise, the first ever written in French on that
subject. Died in 1599.

See E*LOI. " Dictionnaire de la Me"decine."

Herz, hSRts, (HEINRICH,) a celebrated pianist and
composer, born at Vienna in 1806. He met with bril-
liant success in London, Edinburgh, and Paris, and
afterwards resided several years in America. As a
performer he was very popular, and his pieces for the
piano were at one time general favourites. D. in 1888.

Herz, (HENRIETTA,) a German lady, distinguished for
her wit and beauty, born in Berlin in 1764. She married
Marcus Herz in 1 779. Her house in Berlin was frequented
by many eminent men. Died in 1847.

Herz, (MARCUS,) a German physician, born at Berlin
in 1747; died in 1803.

Herzberg or Hertzberg, von, fon heRts'bcRG,
(EwALD FRIEDRICH,) a celebrated Prussian statesman,
born near Neustettin in 1725. He filled several impoi-
tant posts under Frederick the Great, and, after nego-
tiating a treaty of peace with Russia and Sweden in 1762,
was appointed second minister of state. He was made
a count by Frederick's successor, and also curator of the
Academy at Berlin. Died in 1795. He was a zealous
patron of learning, particularly of German literature.

See POSSBLT, " Ewald Friedrich Graf von Heruberg," 1793 :
WRDDIGBN, " Fragrnente aus dem Leben dea Grafen von Hertzberg,"
1796; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale,"

Herzen. See HERTZEN.

Herzog, heVtsSG, (JoHANN JAKOB,) a German divine.
born at Basel, Switzerland, September 12, 1805. He
studied at Basel and Berlin, (1823-29,) was a professor
of theology at Lausanne, (1835-45,) and at Erlangcn,
(1854-77.) Among his works are "De Origine Valden-
sium," (1848,) "Die romanischen Waldenser," (1853,)
"Outline of General Church History," (3 vols., 1876-82.)
and a "Real-Encyklopadie fur protestantische Theologie,"
(22 vols., 1854-68 ; revised edition, 1877-84, unfinished.)
Died at Erlangen, September 30, 1882.

Heaeklel, ha-za'ke-Sl, (GEORG LUDWIG,) a German
novelist, poet, and editor, born at Halle, August 12,
1818, was educated at Halle, Jena, and Berlin, and be-
came editor of the "Neue preussische Zeitung." He
published several volumes of popular and patriotic songs,
a number of novels, and the well-known " Buch vom
Fursten Bismarck." Died at Berlin, February 26, 1874.

Heselrige. See HAZLERIG.

Hesham, (Hescham,) hJsh-im', or Hiaham, hish-
im', (or, more fully, Hesham-Ibn-Abd-el-Malek,
hesh-lm' Ib'n abd-el mSl'ek, i.e. " Hesham the son of
Abd-el-Malek,") the tenth caliph of the house of Omey-
yah, succeeded his cousin, Omar II., in 724 A.D. During



eas/t, y ass; gharj; gas i; G, H, H,guttural; N, nasal; v.,trilled; sast." thasin/Au. (B^'See Explanations, p. 23.)



HESHAM



1280



HESS



the reign of Heshdm, Abd-er-Rahman, one of his gen-
erals, invaded France, where he was defeated and slain
by Charles Martel, October 25, 732. Hesham died in
743, leaving the reputation of an eminently just and
virtuous sovereign.

See WBIL, "Gescbichte der Chalifen," vol. i. chap. xiv.

HeshSm (or Hisham) L, (or, more fully, Hesham
Abool (-Aboul or -Abtil) -Waleed, (-Walid,)
1'bool wa-leed',) second Emir or King of Cdrdova of the
Omeyyah dynasty, succeeded his father, Abd-er-Rahman,
in 788 A.D. He waged a successful war against the
Christians of Galicia, Astorga, etc., founded schools,
and promoted the arts. Died in 796.

Hesham (or Hisham) H, (El- (or A1-, al) Muyyed-
Billah, el moo'e-yed bil'lah,) sometimes corrupted into
ISSAM or ISSEM by the Spanish historians, was born in
965, and succeeded his father, Hakem II., on the throne
of C6rdova, in 976 A.D. In his minority the kingdom
enjoyed prosperity under the ministry of the famous Al-
Mansoor, who gained victories over the Kings of Leon
and Navarre. After the death of Al-Mansoor the reign
was disturbed by rebellions and anarchy, and the feeble
king became a prisoner of Soleimsln, and died, or was
killed, about 1012.

See AL-MAKKARI, " History of the Mohammedan Dynasties in
Spain."

Hesham (or Hisham) m, (El-Mo'tad-Bil'lah,
or Al-Mutadd- (al moo'tad) Billah,) became King
of C6rdova in 1026, and was the last of the Omeyyah
dynasty. Several nobles having refused allegiance to
him, he attempted, without success, to subdue them by
arms. In 1031 a sedition in the capital forced him to
abdicate. Died in 1036.

Heshxisius, hJs-hoo'ze-us, (TlLLEMANNUS,) a Ger-
man Lutheran divine, born at Wesel in 1526, was an
opponent of Calvinism. Died in 1588.

Hesiod, hee'she-od, [Gr. 'HoioiJof ; LaL HK'SIODUS;
Fr. HESIODE, i'ze'od'; Ger. HESIOD, ha'ze-ot; It. Esi-
ODO, a-see'o-do,] an eminent Greek poet, bom at Ascra,
in Bceotia, at the foot of Mount Helicon, lived probably
about 800 B.C. According to most modern critics, his
period was posterior to that of Homer, with whom some
writers have conjectured that he was contemporary.
From his own writings the fact is derived that he was a
competitor in a poetical contest at Chalcis on the occa-
sion of the funeral of Amphidamas, and that he gained
the prize. It appears that he was employed in pastoral
and rural pursuits, his knowledge of which is evinced
by his most famous poem, entitled "Epya nal 'H/itpai,
(" Works and Days.") This work contains reflections
and precepts on farming and rural economy, interspersed
with maxims of morality and mythical fables. Aristotle,
Plato, and Cicero eulogize this poem, and Virgil derived
from it the idea of his " Georgics," in which he has
surpassed his model. According to Pausanias, the Boeo-
tians regarded this as the only genuine work of Hesiod.
The other poems commonly ascribed to the Ascrjean
bard are entitled "Theogony" and "The Shield of
Hercules." The former purports to be an account of
the origin of the world and the birth of the gods, and is
the most ancient composition we have on the subject of
Greek mythology. It is characterized by a rude sim-
plicity which sometimes rises into sublimity, and by that
speculative tendency which was afterwards so largely
developed in the Hellenic philosophy. "The Shield
of Hercules" is a fragment or collection of fragments,
supposed to be written by different authors. Quintilian
says, apparently in reference to the " Works and Days,"
" He is distinguished by useful sentences of morality and
a sweetness of expression, and he deserves the palm in
the middle style of writing." According to Plutarch,
Hesiod was murdered at Locris, in revenge for a crime
of which he was erroneously suspected.

See PAUSANIAS, ix. and x. ; LUCIAN, "Dialogue on Hesiod;"
CRBUZBK und HERMANN, " Briefe iiber Homer und Hesiod," 1817 ;
HRYNB, " De Theogonia ab Hesiodo Condita," 1779; HERMANN,
" De Hesiodi Theogoniz Forma antiquis?ima," 1844 ; ERSCH und
GRUBER, " Allgemeine Encyklopaedie : GIOVANNI LAMI, " Saggio
delle delizie del dotti e degh eruditi, risguardante le Vite e gli Scntti
dei due primi grandi Uomini dell' Antichita, Esiodo ed Omero,"
i?75 "Quarterly Review" for March, 1833.

He-sl'o-ne, [Gr. 'Haiovji,] a daughter of Laomedon,



King of Troy. The poets feigned that Hercules deliv-
ered her from a sea-monster aftej hei father had promised
to give him the horses he had received from Jupiter ;
but Laomedon failed to keep his word. She became
the wife of Telamon and mother of Teucer.

Hesiri, the old Egyptian name of OSIRIS.

Hesnault or Heuault /a'n5', QEAN,) a French poet,
born in Paris, was educated by Gassendi. He appears
to have been an Epicurean or materialist In 1670 he
published a volume of sonnets, letters, etc. He trans-
lated a large part of Lucretius. Died in 1682.

See BAYLB, " Historical and Critical Dictionary."

Hesperiden. See HESPERIDES.

Hes-per1-de, [Gr. 'EairepWef ; Fr. HBsriRlDES, Ss'.
pa'red'; Ger. HESPERIDEN, hSs-pa-ree'den,] the "chil-
dren of Hesperus," (or "of the evening,") the name of
three or four celebrated nymphs of classic mythology,
who guarded the golden apples growing in an enchanted
garden in the western part of the world. According to
some authors, they were the daughters of Atlas, and
hence were called ATLAN'TIDES. A large dragon as-
sisted them to guard the golden apples which were the
subject of one of the twelve labours of Hercules.

Hes-pe'rl-us, a Roman civil officer, was a son of the
poet Ausonius. He was proconsul of Africa about 376
A.D., and afterwards praetorian prefect of Rome.

Hes'pe-rus, IGr. 'Eorrrpof ; Fr. HESPER, es'paiR', or
HESP ROS, eVpi ros',] a personage of classic mythology,
said to be a son or brother of Atlas. According to one
tradition, he ascended Mount Atlas to observe the stars,
and disappeared. He received divine honours, and was
identified with the evening star. One account says he came
to Italy, which received from him the name of Hesperia.

H6ss, (JOHANN JAKOB,) one of the most eminent of
the Swiss Protestant theologians, was born in Zurich in
1741. He wrote, in German, "The Three Last Years of
the Life of Jesus," (6 vols., 1768-73 ; 8th edition, 1828,)
"On the Kingdom of God," (1774,) a "History of the
Israelites before Jesus," (12 vols., 1776-88,) and other
works. He became first minister of Zurich in 1795.
Died in 1828.

See GBORG GESSNER, " J. J. Hess, voorgesteld in eenege Om-
trekken van rijn Leven en Werkzamheid," 1830 ; ERSCH and GRUBER,
"AUgemeine Encyklopaedie ;" H. ESCHBR, "J. J. Hess, Skizx*
Mines Lebens," etc., 1837.

Hess, (KARL ADOLF HEINRICH,) a German artist,
born at Dresden in 1769, acquired a high reputation
as a painter of horses. Among his master-pieces we
may cite " The March of the Cossacks through Bohemia
in 1799." Died in 1849.

Hess, (KARL ERNST CHRISTOPH,) a German en-
graver, born at Darmstadt in 1755. He was appointed
in 1782 professor in the Academy of Arts at Dusseldorfi
where he was afterwards employed to engrave the pic-
tures of the gallery. Among his best works are " The
Ascension of Mary," after Guido, and a " Holy Family,"
after Raphael. About 1806 he settled at Munich, where
he died in 1828.

See FmtssLi. "Schweizer Kiinstler."

Hess, (LUDWIG,) an excellent Swiss landscape-painter,
born at Zurich in 1760. He painted many pictures of
Alpine scenery. " His works," says the " Biographic
Universelle," " surpass all that we know in their kind
for correctness of design, for the taste displayed in the
composition, for truth of colouring, and for the trans-
parency of the water." He engraved some of his own
designs. Died in 1800.

Hess, (PETER,) a brother of the painter Heinrich von
Hess, noticed below, was born at Dusseldorf in 1792.
In 1839 he was invited to Russia, where he painted eight
large pictures representing the battles of 1812. He is
regarded as one of the first battle-painters of recent
times. Died April 4, 1871.

See NAGLBR, " Neues Allgemeines Kiinstler-Leiikon."

Hess, von, fon hess, (HEINRICH,) BARON, an Austrian
general, born in Vienna in 1788. He fought at Wagram,
(1809,) and became colonel in 1829. In 1842 he was
made a lieutenant field-marshal. As quartermaster-
general, he rendered important services in Italy in 1848.
The chief merit of this campaign is ascribed to him. He
was appointed chief of the staff of the Austrian army,



i, e, I, 5, 0, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, fl, y, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; fir, fill, fit; 1118 1; i)6t; eood: moon;



HESS



1281



HEURTELOUP



(Chef dts Gtneralstabs,) and master of the ordnance,
I Feldzeugmeistfr ,) in 1849. He succeeded Gyulai soon
after the battle of Magenta, formed the plan of the battle
of Solferino, July, 1859, and, after the emperor left the
army, was the commander-in-chief. Died April 13, 1870.

Hess, von, (HEINRICH,) a distinguished historical
painter, a son of the engraver Karl Ernst Hess, noticed
above, was born at Dusseldorf in 1798. He became pro-
fessor in the Academy of Munich in 1826. The frescos
in the Basilica of St. Boniface and in the church of Ali
Saints in Munich are among his best. Died in 1863.

Hesse, hgs'seh, (ADOLPH FRIEDRICH,) a German
organist and composer, born at Breslau, August 30, 1809;
died August 5, 1863. His " Practical Organist," contain-
ing twenty-nine pieces, was published posthumously.

Hesse, /5Sss, (JEAN BAPTISTE ALEXANDRA) a French
painter, a nephew of the following, was born in Paris m
1806. Among his best works is "The Funeral Honours
rendered to Titian," (1833.) Died August 7, 1879.

Hesse, (NICOLAS AUGUSTE,) a French painter of his-
tory, born in Paris in 1795, won a medal of the first class
in 1838. Died June 14, 1869.

Hesse, (PHILIPP,) LANDGRAVE OF. See PHILIP.

Hesse, (WILHELM IV.,) LANDGRAVE OF, surnamed
THE WISE, a son of Philip, (1504-67,) was born at Cassel
about 1545. He reigned in peace, and was distinguished
as a patron of sciences, especially astronomy, which he
cultivated himself with diligence. He founded an obser-
vatory at Cassel in 1561, and made observations for many
years. The results of these labours were published by
W. Snellius, (1628.) Died in 1597.

Hesselink, heVseh-link, sometimes written Hesse-
ling, (GERARD,) a Dutch writer and Anabaptist preacher,
born at Groningen in 1755. He published a "Herme-
iv. utical Dictionary of the New Testament," and several
other works. Died in 1811.

See KOOPMANS, " Hulde aan G. Hesselink," 1812.

Hes-seTI-us, [Sw. pron. hes-sn'le-us,] (ANDERS,) a
poet of Swedish extraction, born in North America,
became a teacher of English at Upsal. He wrote
"Eric IX.," (1739,) "The Twelve Charleses," (of Swe-
den,) ("De Tolf Caroler," 1748,) and other works. He
was living in 1755.

Hesselius, hes-sa'le-us, (FRANS,) a Dutch philologist,
born at Rotterdam in 1680 ; died in 1746.

Hesselius, (JoHAN,) a Swedish savant, born at Fah-
lun in 1687; died in 1752.

Hessels, hes'sels, or Hesselius, (JEAN,) born at
Louvain in 1522, was noted as a theologian. He was a
member of the Council of Trent, and author of many
theological works, among which are a "Catechism," and
"Commentaries on Scripture." Died in 1566.

Hessius. See EOBAN.

He'sus, a deity of the ancient Gauls, corresponding
to the Mars of the Romans. See MARS.

He-sjrehl-us, (Gr. 'Hov^wf,] the author of a valuable
Greek Lexicon, (first printed by Aldus in 1514,) which
explains technical terms, unusual words found in the
works of poets, orators, and physicians, terms used in
sacrifices, divinations, and such as depart from ordinary
usage. It is supposed that the existing text is an abridg-
ment or imperfect copy of the original. The time in
which Hesychius lived is not known ; but it was proba-
bly since the Christian era, as numerous scriptural
glosses or phrases are found in his work.

Hesychius OF MILETUS, [Lat. HESYCH'IUS MILE'-
sius,] sumamed THE ILLUSTRIOUS, lived in the sixth
century. He wrote (in Greek) a universal history from
Belus to his own times, (about 520 A.D.,) of which some
fragments only are now extant. He left also an abridg-
ment of the " Lives of the Philosophers," derived chiefly
from Diogenes Laertius. This was published by J. C.
Orelli, Leipsic, 1820.

HSth, (HENRY,) an American soldier, was born in
Virginia in 1825, and graduated from West Point in
1847. He was a captain in the army at the outbreak
of the civil war, when he resigned and joined the
Confederate forces. He became a major-general in
1863. In his later years he wrote a history of the
campaigns in which he took part. Died in 1899.



Hetherington, heth'e-ring-tgn, (WILLIAM MAX-
WELL,) D. IX, a Scottish divine, born at Troqueer, neat
Dumfries, June 4, 1803. He was educated at Edinburgh
University, was ordained in 1836, and became professor
of apologetics in the Free Church College, Glasgow, in
1857. His principal works are a " History of the Church
of Scotland," and a " History of the Westminster Assem-
bly." Died May 23, 1865.

Hetsch., hitsh, (GusTAV FRIEDRICH,) a German
architect, born at Stuttgart in 1788, lived chiefly in Co-
penhagen, where he died September 7, 1864.

Hetsch, von, fon hStsh, (PHILIPP FRIEDRICH,) a
painter, father of the preceding, was born at Stuttgart
in 1758. Among his works are "Paris and Helen," and
"Marius among the Ruins of Carthage." Died in 1838.

Hettner, heVner, (HERMANN JULIUS THEODOR,) a
German archaeologist, born in Silesia in 1821, wrote
"The Plastic Arts among the Ancients," (1848,) and an
able " History of Literature in the Eighteenth Century,"
(6 vols., 1856-70.) Died in Dresden, May 29, 1882.

Hetzel or Hezel, hSt'sel, (JOHANN WILHELM,) a
German Orientalist, born at Kbnigsberg, in Franconia,
in 1754, published grammars of the Hebrew, Arabic, and
Syriac languages, and " The Old and New Testament,
with Notes," (10 vols., 1780-91.) Died in 1829.

See ERSCH und GRUBER, "Allgeraeine Encyklopaedie."

Hetzel, /iSt'sel', (PIERRE JULES,) a French littfratrur,
whose pseudonym is P. J. STAHL, born at Chartres in
1814. He published " Scenes from Animal Life," "The
Devil in Paris," " History of a Man with a Cold," " Beasts
and People," and other attractive works. George Sand
compared him to Sterne. He was even more successful
33 a book-publisher than as an author. Died at Monte
Carlo, March 16, 1886.

Heuglin, von, fon hoic'leen, (THEODOR,) a Germar.
traveller, born at Hirschlanden, Wiirtemberg, March 20,
1824. He travelled in the northeast of Africa, 1851-65,
in Nova Zembla and Spitsbergen, 1870-71, and again in
the northeast of Africa in 1875 and 1876. Died at Stutt-
gart, November 5, 1876. He published several volumes
of travels, and works on the zoology and ornithology
of the countries he visited, the latter of very high value.

Heumann, hoi'min, (CHRISTOPH AUGUST,) a Ger-
man writer on various subjects, born in Saxe-Weimar in
1681. He became professor of theology at Gottingen
in 1734. Among his works are "Acts of the Philoso-
phers," (" Acta Philosophorum," 3 vols., 1715-27,) and
an "Exposition of the New Testament," (1750-63.)
Died in 1764.



See HBYNK, " Memoria. Heumanni," 1764; CASSIUS, _

beschreibung Heumanns," 1768: ERSCH und GRDBER, "AUgememe
Encyklopaedie."

Heumann von Teutschenbrunn, hoi'mSn fon
toitsh'en-bR<5on', (JoHANN,) a German jurist and writer,


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