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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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bis works are " Literatura Juris," (1761,) a very piquant
treatise on legal literature, " Rhapsodia Qujestionum in
Foro quotidie obvenientum," (" Questions occurring daily
in the Forum," 5 vols., 1765-79; 4th edition, 7 vols.,
1787,) and "Sceleton Juris civilis," ("Skeleton of Civil
Law," 4th edition, 1767.) Died in 1781.
Hommelius. See HOMMEL,

Hompesch, von, fon hom'pe'sh, (FERDINAND,) the
last grand master of the Knights of Malta, was born at
Dusseldorf in 1744; died in 1803.

Honain, (or Honein,) ho-mn', (Aboo-Yezeed or
Abu- (Abou-) YezSd, S'boo yeh-zeed',) otherwise
called Honain-Ben-Ishak, (b?n is'hik',) an Arabian
physician, born at Heerah, (Hirah,) in Mesopotamia, liveo
mostly at Bagdad. Died about 875 A.D. He translated
into Arabic the works of Hippocrates, Galen, Euclid, etc.
See IBN- KHALLIKAN, " Biographical Dictionary ;" HAJI-KHALJA.
" Lexicon Bibliographicum."

Hondekoeter, hon'deh-koo'ter, (GILES,) a noted
Dutch landscape-painter, born at Utrecht in 1583, was
the son of the Marquis of Westerloo. He often added
to his landscapes highly-finished figures of birds.

Hondekoeter, (GYSBRECHT,) a son of the preceding,
and a painter of poultry, was born in 1613 ; died in 1653.

Hondekoeter, (MELCHIOR,) an excellent painter, a
son of the preceding, was born at Utrecht in 1636. He
studied with his father and his uncle, John B. Weenit
He painted poultry, pea-fowls, and other birds, with a
skill that has never been surpassed. The backgrounds
of his pictures are adorned with beautiful landscapes.
Among his works is "The Entrance of the Animals into
the Ark." Died in 1695.

See JAKOB CAMPO WBYERMAN. "De Schilderkonst der Neder-
landers."



as k: c as s: g hard; g as /; <:. H. Vi.gvitura!: N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23.;



HONDIUS



1306



HOOD



Hondius, hon'de-us, or Hondt, h6nt, (ABRAHAM,) a
Dutch painter and engraver, born at Rotterdam in 1638.
He painted hunting-scenes, anin.als, and landscapes
with success. " He often equals the best masters," says
Descamps. Among his works are " The Burning of
Troy," and " The Animals entering the Ark." He worked
some years in England, where he died about 1692.

Hondiua, (HENDRIK,) an engraver of maps and por-
traits, born at Ghent in 1573. His principal work is a
series of portraits of one hundred and forty-four artists,
mostly Flemings. He also engraved some pictures by
Albert Diirer and Holbein. Died at the Hague in 1610.

See BASAN, " Dictionnaire des Graveurs ;" STRUTT, " Dictionary
of Engravers."

Hondius or De Hondt, deh h6nt, (HENRY,) called
THE YOUNGER, born in London in 1580, was accounted
;he best engraver of the family. He engraved portraits,
landscapes, and history after several Flemish painters.
Among his works are portraits of Queen Elizabeth and
James I. Died at Amsterdam about 1650.

See BASAN, "Dictionnaire des Graveurs."

Hondiua or De Hondt, (JossEor JODO'CUS,) a skilful
Flemish engraver and geographer, born at Wacken about
1550, was the father of the preceding. He had a high
Deputation as an engraver on copper. He worked in
London, and afterwards settled in Amsterdam, where he
engraved maps of superior quality, and published new
editions of the " Grand Atlas" of Mercator. Died in 161 1.

Hondt, hont, (WlLLEM,) a Flemish engraver, a bro-
ther of Henry the Younger, born at the Hague in 1601.

Hone, ho'neh, (GEORG PAUL,) a German lawyer, born
at Nuremberg in 1662, wrote " Iter Juridicum," and other
works. Died in 1747.

Hone, (NATHANIEL,) a portrait-painter, born in Dub-
lin about 1730; died in 1784.

Hone, (WILLIAM,) an English writer, born at Bath in
1779, resided in London, and failed several times as a
bookseller. He wrote " The Political House that Jack
Built," a satire, which was illustrated by Cruikshank
and ran through fifty editions. He was prosecuted for
his Parody on the Liturgy in 1818, and, having ably
defended himself, was acquitted. In 1826 he began to
issue in weekly numbers his " Every-Day Book," which
had a large sale, and was commended by Professor
Wilson, Scott, Lamb, and Southey. It was followed by
the "Table-Book" and the "Year-Book," which were
well received, but did not save the author from insol-
vency. He was in prison for debt about three years.
Died in 1842.

See "The Early Life and Conversion of William Hone," written
by himself

Honey-wood, hun'ne-wood, (SAINT JOHN,) an Amer-
ican poet, born in Massachusetts in 1765 ; died in 1798.

See GRISWOLD, " Poets and Poetry of America."

Honore de Sainte-Marie, o'no'ri' deh saNt'mi're',
[Lat. HONORIUS DE SANCTA MARIA,] called, after he
entered the cloister, BLAISE VAUXELLE, (vS-seV,) a
learned monk, born at Limoges in 1651 ; died in 1729.

Ho-no'rl-us J-, a native of Campania, was elected
Pope or Bishop of Rome in 626 A.D. He is charged
with assenting to the heresy of Monothelism. The Council
of Constantinople, held in 680, condemned his doctrine
on this point Died in 638.

Honoriua U, POPE, previously known as Cardinal
Lamberto and Bishop of Ostia, succeeded Calixtus II.
in 1124. Tebaldus was chosen pope at the same time
by a number of bishops, but forbore to contest his
claim. Honorius died in 1130. See, also, CADALOUS.

Honorius 1 1 1 , elected Pope in 1216, was a Roman
oy birth. His proper name was CENCIO SAVELLI. He
crowned Frederick II. Emperor of Germany in 1220, in
the hope that he would lead a crusade against the Turks.
He was more successful in instigating the King of France
to a crusade against the Albigenses. He died in 1227,
and was succeeded by Gregory IX.

Honorius IV, POPE, (Cardinal GIACOMO Savelli,)
a native of Rome, was elected in 1285 as successor to
Martin IV. Died in 1287.

Ho-no'rf-us, (FLAVIUS,) a Roman emperor, the sec
ond son of Theodosius the Great, was born at Constan-
tinople in 384 A.D. At the death of his father, in 395, he



inherited the Western Empire, (his elder brother Area-
dius having obtained the Eastern,) under the guardian-
ship of Stilicho, a famous general, whose daughter he
married. His court was held at Milan, and afterwards
at Ravenna. About 402 Alaric the Goth invaded Italy,
and was defeated by Stilicho at Pollentia. In 408 Stili-
cho was put to death by order of Honorius, who was a
man of weak and vicious character. From this event
may be dated the fall of the Roman power. Rome
was taken and pillaged by Alaric in 410, and the empire
went rapidly to ruin. He died, without issue, in 423,
and was succeeded by Valentinian III.

See GIBBON, " History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman
Empire;" SOZOMKN, " Historia Ecclesiastica ;" JORNANDBS, "De
Rebus Getitis ;" TILLEMONT, " Histoire des Empereurs."

Honorius de S a net a Maria. See HONOR* DB
SAINTE-MARIE.

Hontheim, von, fon hont'hlm, (JoHANN NIKOLAUS,)
a German jurist and Catholic priest, born at Treves in
1701. He became Bishop (in partibus) of Myriophis in
1748, and suffragan of the see of Treves. He published
under the pseudonym of JUSTINIUS FEBRONIUSB famous
book against the usurpations of the popes, entitled " De
Statu Ecclesiae et legitima Potestate Romani Pontificis,"
(5 vols., 1763,) which was often reprinted. Died in I79a

Honthorst, hint'horst, or Hundhorst, hunt'hoRst,
(GERARD,) a Flemish painter, called also by the Italians
GERARDO DELLA NOTTE, ("Gerard of the Night,") be-
cause he excelled in nocturnal scenes. He was born at
Utrecht in 1592, and was a pupil of A. Bloemaert. He
worked in Rjme and in England, where he painted
portraits of the royal family and gained a high repu-
tation. Among his works is "The Prodigal Son." He
was a good colorist, and excelled in design. Died at
the Hague in 1660. His brother WILLEM was a suc-
cessful portrait-painter. Died at Berlin in 1683, aged
about eighty.

See PILKINGTON. " Dictionary of Painters."

Hood, (ALEXANDER.) See BRIDPORT.

Hood, hood, (EDWIN PAXTON,) an English dissenting
minister, born at Westminster in 1820. He wrote "Self-
Formation," "William Wordsworth," a biography,

Life of Swedenborg," "Lamps, Pitchers, and Trum-
pets," " Oliver Cromwell," (1882,) " Scottish Character-
istics," (1883.) etc. Died June 12, 1885.

Hood, hood, (JOHN B.,) an American general, born
in Bath county, Kentucky, in 1831, graduated at West
Point in 1853. He commanded a division of Lee's army
at Antietam, September, 1862, and at Gettysburg, July
1-3, 1863. He lost a leg at the battle of Chickamauga,
September 20, 1863, soon after which he was promoted
to be a lieutenant-general. In the spring of 1864 he
commanded a corps of the army opposed to General
Sherman in Northern Georgia. He succeeded General
Johnston in July as commander-in-chief of that army,
which was then near Atlanta. General Johnston was
removed because he had adhered to a cautious and de-
fensive policy. Hood assumed the offensive, and attacked
General Sherman on the 22d of July, and again on the
28th, but was repulsed with heavy loss. He was com-
pelled to abandon Atlanta on the 1st of September, 1864.
(See SHERMAN, W. T.) After he had damaged the rail-
road by which Sherman's army was supplied, General
Hood invaded Middle Tennessee, attacked Genera]
Schofield at Franklin, November 30, and besieged Nash-
ville. He was defeated on the ifjth of December, 1864,
by General Thomas, at the decisive battle of Nashville,
where he lost fifty pieces of cannon, and was relieved of
the command in January, 1865. Died August 30, 1879.
See " Southern Generals," New York, 1865.
Hood, (ROBIN,) a famous English outlaw, who is sup-
posed to have lived in the reign of Richard I. Sherwood
Forest was his head-quarters. His exploits are the sub-
ject of many popular ballads, which applaud his gal-
lantry to the ladies and his generosity in sharing among
the poor the spoils of the rich. He was the chief of a
numerous band, who seem to have lived chiefly on the
products of the chase.

See W. W. CAMPBELL, " Historical Sketch of Robin Hood and
Captain Kidd," New York, 1853; "Edinburgh Review" for July,
1847: " North American Review" for January, 1857.



a, e, I, o, u, y, /(7f; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 5, u, y, short; a, e, j, p, ofaeiire; far, fill, fit; met: nfttjgood; mo"on



HOOD



i37



HOOK



Hood, (SAMUEL,) VISCOUNT, an English admiral,
born at Butley in 1724, entered the navy in 1740, and
became captain in 1754. In 1780 he was made a rear-
admiral, and was second in command in the West Indies.
The next year he succeeded Rodny in command of the
fleet, with which he fought De Grasse near the mouth of
the Chesapeake, but failed to relieve the British army at
Yorktown. He took part in the victory over De Grasse
in April, 1782, and was rewarded with the title of Baron
Hood of Catherington. In 1784, after a close contest
with Fox, he was elected to Parliament, and in 1788 ap-
pointed a lord of the admiralty. In 1793 he commanded
against the French in the Mediterranean and at the siege
of Toulon. He was made, in 1796, Viscount Hood of
Whitley, and afterwards an admiral. Died in 1816.

See CAMPBELL, " Lives of British Admirals."

Hood, (Sir SAMUEL,) cousin of the preceding, was a
vice-admiral in the British navy, and a brave and skilful
officer. He took part in the victory of Rodney over De
Grasse in 1782, and in the battle of the Nile, (1798.) In
1806 he was returned to Parliament for Westminster,
and captured three French ships near Rochefort. He
was afterwards appointed to command in the East Indies,
where he died in 1814.

Hood, (THOMAS,) a famous English humourist and
popular author, born in London in 1798, was the son of
a bookseller. He served an apprenticeship to an en-
graver, but soon exchanged that employment for literary
pursuits. In 1821 he became sub-editor of the " London
Magazine," by which he gained access to the society of
many authors who have since risen to eminence. His
" Whims and Oddities" (1826) displayed an abundant
vein of inimitable wit and comic power. He issued the
" Comic Annual" from 1830 to 1842, which was followed
by his " Comic Album," " Whimsicalities," and " Hood's
Own." His tales and novels were less successful than
his humorous works. Among his most popular poems
are the " Song of the Shirt," (which first appeared in
" Punch,") the " Bridge of Sighs," and the " Dream of
Eugene Aram." He was editor of " The Gem" for one
year, and, in the latter years of his life, editor of the
" New Monthly Magazine." Like poor Yorick, he was
"a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy." As
a punster he is unrivalled. Some of his serious poems
are exquisitely tender and pathetic. In 1844 he began to
issue " Hood's Magazine," for which he wrote until his
last illness. A pension of 100 which had been granted
to him was transferred to his widow. Died in 1845.




"London Magazine" for December, 1826; "British Quarterly Re-
Yiew" for October, 1867.

Hood, (THOMAS, or " TOM,") a son of Thomas Hood,
the humorist and poet, already noticed. He was born
at Wanstead, England, January 19, 1835, and was edu-
cated at Pembroke College, Oxford. Among his works
are " Pen and Pencil Pictures," (1854-55,) a volume of
Poems, (1861,) some books for children, and a number
of novels. In 1865 he became editor of " Fun," a Lon-
don comic paper. Died November 20, 1874. His talent
was much like his father's, but not so brilliant.

Hooft, hoft, (NiKLAAS,) a Dutch historical painter,
born at the Hague in 1664; died in 1748.

Hooft or Hoofft. (PiETER CORNELIS,) an excellent
Dutch poet and historian, born in Amsterdam in March,
1581. After leaving college he travelled in France and
Italy, and filled several civil offices. He published about
1602 " Granida," a tragi-comedy, which is a master-piece.
He wrote other dramas, and erotic poems of great
merit, and translated Tacitus into Dutch. His chief
prose works are a " Life of Henry IV. of France," (1626,)
and a " History of the Netherlands,";" De Nederlandsche
Historien," 2 vols., 1642-54,) which is esteemed a model
of grace, purity, and vigour, both in thought and style,
He has the honour of rendering his vernacular language
more polished and classical than it was before his rime.
He was a friend of Grotius. " Though deeply religious,"
says the " Biographic Universelle," "he never ranged
himself under the banner of any outward communion."
Many critics assjgn him the highest place as a writer of



Dutch prose ; but, though a great purist, his style abound*
'n Latin idioms. Died at the Hague, May 21, 1647.

See ERSCH und GRUBER, " Allgemeine Encyklopaedie ;" and VAM
KAMPEN'S article on " Hollandische Sprache und Literatur," in the
same work : also." Nouvelle Biographic Gne>a!e ;" JAN VAN KRUYPF,



838; LONGFELLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe;" " Fraser'j
Magazine" for March, 1854.

Hooge, de, deh ho'ceh or ho'neh, written alsoHoogh,
(PiETER,) a Dutch painter of genre, born about 1644.
Little is known of his history. His colour is good, his
design correct, and his manner natural. He represents
the effects of light with great skill. Among his works
(which command high prices) are a " Supper," an "In-
terior," and a "Guard-Room." Died in 1708.

See DESCAMPS, " Vies des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc

Hooge or Hooghe, de, (ROMEYN,) an eminent Dutch
designer and engraver, was born at the Hague about 1 640,
or, as others say, about 1650. He worked for a long time
in Paris, and passed his latter years at the Hague. He
had a rich imagination and great facility, but was deficient
in correctness. Among his works are " The Entrance of
Louis XIV. into Dunkirk," and "The Assassination of
De Witt." Died in 1725.

See J. C. WEYERMAN. "De Schilderkonst der Nederlandere."

Hoogeveen, ho'geh-van' or ho'Heh-van', sometimes
written Hoogeven, (HENDRIK,) a Dutch Hellenist, born
at Leyden in 1712, was successively rector of the gym-
nasiums of Breda, Dort, and Delft, and was an excellent
grammarian. He is the author of a valuable treatise
on " Greek Particles," (" Doctrina Particularum Linguae
Graecae," 2 vols., 1769,) and " Dictionarium Analogicum
Unguaa Graecae," (Cambridge., 1800.) Died in 1791.

See ERSCH und GRUBER, " Allgemeine Encyklopaedie ;" HARLKSS,
"Vitas Philologorum."

Hoogstaad, van, vSn hoo'stit', (GERART,) a Flemish
painter of history and portraits, born at Brussels, was
living in 1661.

Hoogstraaten, van, vSn hSc'stRa'ten, (DAVID,) a
Dutch scholar, a nephew of the following, was born at
Rotterdam in 1658, and became a classical professor at
Amsterdam. He compiled a Latin-Dutch Dictionary,
(1704,) and wrote several elegant Latin poems, " Poe-
mata," (1710.) Died in 1724.

Hoogstraaten, van, (SAMUEL,) a Dutch painter,
born at Dort in 1627, was a pupil of Rembrandt, and
the master of Houbraken. He painted portraits, land-
scapes, etc. with success, and wrote a good work on the
theory of painting. Died in 1678.

His father, DIRCK, born at Antwerp in 1596, was also
a skilful landscape-painter. Died in 1640.

See PILKINGTON'S "Dictionary of Painters."

Hoogvliet, h5c'vleet or hoH'vleet, (ARNOLD,) a popu-
lar Dutch poet, born at Vlaardingen in 1687, was edu-
cated for a merchant, and held the position of cashier in
his native place. His reputation is founded on an epic
poem, called "Abraham the Patriarch," (1727.) which
was received with extraordinary and durable favour.
"No book in Dutch literature," says Marron, "has
been honoured with a more decided national adoption."
(" Biographic Universelle.") He afterwards published a
collection of poems on various subjects, which are not
unworthy of his name. Died in 1 763.

See JAN VAN KRUVFF, " Leven van A. Hoogvliet," 1782; WlL-
LEM TERPSTRA, "Oratio de A. Hoogvlietio Poeta," 1816.

Hoogzaat, hoc'zit, (JAN,) an able Dutch painter,
born at Amsterdam in 1664. He decorated the chateau
of Loo for William III. of England. Died in 1712.

Hook, hook, (JAMES,) an English composer and mu-
sician, born at Norwich in 1746. He was employed as
organist at Vauxhall Garden, London, for many years,
and composed numerous popular ballads, songs, con-
certos, etc. Died in 1827.

Hook, (JAMES,) LL.D., an English writer, brother of
Theodore E. Hook, was bom in London about 1771. He
was educated for the church, and in 1825 was appointed
Dean of Worcester. His principal works are two
novels, called "Pen Owen" and "Percy Mallory."
Died in 1828.

Hook, (JAMES CLARKE,) an English painter, born in
London, November 21, 1819. In the early part of his



as/t; casjv ghard; g as ;'; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: sasz.- ill as in this. (JlJP'See Explanations, p. 23.)



HOOK



1308



HOOKER



career he painted subjects from Italian history and
scenes from Shakspeare, but later has executed many
marine pieces and scenes from English domestic life.
He became an associate of the Royal Academy in 1850,
and a full Academician in 1860.

Hook, (THEODORE EDWARD,) born in London in
1788, was the son of James, the musical composer, noticed
above. He was an excellent vocalist, an expert mimic,
and a prodigy of colloquial power. In 1805 he wrote
"The Soldier's Return," an operatic farce, which was
very successful. He was addicted to punning, to extrava-
gant dissipation, and to audacious practical jokes. His
brilliant wit and marvellous faculty of improvisation
rendered him an idol of the gay world, and commended
him to the favour of the prince-regent, who procured his
appointment in i8i2as treasurer to the colony of Mauri-
tius, with a salary of about ^2000. In 1818, a large de-
ficit being found in his treasure-chest, he was sent home
charged with peculation. The legal inquiry, however,
proved nothing against him except a culpable negligence
of his official duties. In 1820 he became editor of the
"John Bull" newspaper, which was very successful in a



1 Gilbert Gurney," a novel, which contains an autobiog-
raphy of himself. In 1836 he was editor of the " New
Monthly Magazine." Died in 1841.

See R. H. BARHAM, " Life and Writings of Theodore Hook,"
1848; "Life of T. Hook," from the "Quarterly Review," London,
1853 : R. H. HORNK, " New Spirit of the Age," 1844 : " Quarterly
Review" for May, 1843, (vol. bociL ;) " Noctes Ambrosianz ;" Moin,
" Poetical Literature of the Past Half-Century ;" SAMUEL SMILES,
"Brief Biographies;" "Memories of Authors," in the "Atlantic
Monthly ' for April, 1865.

Hook, (WALTER FARQUHAR,) an English theologian,
a nephew of the preceding, was born in London in
1798. He became vicar of Leeds in 1837, and Dean
of Chichester in 1859. Among his works are "Hear
the Church," (28th edition, 1838,) "Ecclesiastical Biog-
raphy," (8 vols., 1845-52,) "Church Dictionary," (7th
edition, 1854,) and "Lives of the Archbishops of Can-
terbury," (9 vols., of which the first volume was published
in 1860.) He was noted for his zeal and success in the
cause of church extension. Died October 20, 1875.

Hooke, hook, (NATHANIEL,) a Roman Catholic his-
torian, born about 1690, was an intimate friend of Pope the
poet. His principal work is "The Roman History from
the Building of Rome to the End of the Commonwealth,"
(4 vols. 4to, 1733-71,) which was often reprinted, and is
commended as a faithful compilation. I le was employed
by Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, as editor of her
Memoirs, (1742.) Died in 1764.

Hooke, (ROBERT,) M.D., an English philosopher,
born at Freshwater, in the Isle of Wight, in 1635, and
noted for his inventive faculty, mechanical genius, and
scientific acquirements. In 1662 he was chosen curator
of experiments to the Royal Society, of which he was
a Fellow, and afterwards secretary. About 1666 he
became professor of geometry in Gresham College, and
city surveyor of London. Among his multifarious
accomplishments was skill in architecture, which he
exercised in drawing the plan of Bedlam and other
public buildings in London. He wrote many memoirs
on various branches of natural science. He had a
dispute with Hevelius on the subject of the telescope,
and attacked Newton's theory of light and colours.
He claimed the invention of the barometer, quadrant,
balance-spring for watches, etc. Died in 1702.

See "Biographia Britannica;" WALLER, "Life of R- Hooke;"
WOOD, "Gresham Professors."

Hook'er, (HERMAN,) an American Episcopalian di-
vine, born at Poultney, Rutland county, Vermont. He
published, among other works, "The Portion of the
Soul," etc., (1835,) "The Philosophy of Unbelief in
Morals and Religion," and "Uses of Adversity," (1846.)
Died in 1857.

See GRISWOLD, " Prose Writers of America."

Hook'er, (hook'?r,) otherwise called VSw'elL.
(JOHN,) M.P., an English historian, born at Exeter
about 1524, was uncle of Richard Hooker, noticed
below. He represented Exeter in Parliament in 1571.



He compiled a large part of Holinshed's "Chronicles,"
(1586,) and wrote a treatise on the order and usage of
Parliaments, and a few other works. Died in 1601.

Hook'er, (JOSEPH,) an American general, born in
Hadley, Mass., November 13, 1814, graduated at West
Point, in 1837. He served as captain in the Mexican
war, (1846-47,) and gained the brevet of lieutenant-
colonel at Chapultepec. Having resigned his commis-
sion about 1853, he lived several years in California. He
was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers about
May, 1861, served at the battle of Williamsburg, and in
the "seven days' battles" near Richmond, June 26-July
I, 1862. He became a major-general in July, and com-
manded a corps at the battle of Antieta'm, September
17, 1862, a few days after which he was promoted to
the rank of brigadier-general in the regular army. He
commanded a grand division under General Burnside
at Fredericksburg in December, 1862, and succeeded
Burnside as commander of the army of the Potomac in
January, 1863. This army, which probably amounted
to 100,000 men or more, engaged the enemy at Chan-
cellorsville, May 2 and 3, and was defeated, but was not
pursued. During this battle he was stunned by a
cannon-ball. He was relieved of the command on the
28th of June, 1863, and was sent to Tennessee with two
corps in September of that year. He contributed to the
victory gained by General Grant at Lookout Mountain,
November 24 and 25, 1863, and commanded a corps of
the army which General Sherman moved from Dalton
to Atlanta, May-August, 1864. He afterwards had
command of the Northern Department. Died in 1879.
Hooker, (Sir JOSEPH DALTON,) an eminent
botanist and traveller, a son of Sir William Jackson
Hooker, was born in 1817. He studied medicie, and
in 1839 sailed as surgeon with the expedition of Sir
James Ross to the Antarctic Ocean. On his return he
published " Flora Antarctica," (2 vols., 1844-47,) the
descriptions and illustrations of which are highly com-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 10 of 425)