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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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in ability and influence; and his extensive information,
sound judgment, skill as a logician, and unvarying cour-
tesy, secured him the highest consideration in the Con-
gresses of which he was a member." (" Prose Writers
of America.") He left in manuscript " Reports of the
Debates in the National Convention of 1788," which
were purchased by Congress after his death, and pub-
lished in 3 vols., (1840.) This is a work of great value to
students of political philosophy.

See WM. C. RIVES, " History of the Life and Times of James
Madison," 3 vols., 1859-1868, (unfinished. This work extends only
to 1797;) JOHN Q. ADAMS, "Life of James Madison." 1850; BAN-
CROFT, " History of the United States;" "National Portrait-Gallery
of Distinguished Americana, "vol. iii. ; " New American Cyclopedia ;'
*" Quarterly Review" tor September, 1812.

Madler or Maedler, md'ler, (JOHANN HEINRICH,)
a German astronomer, born in Berlin in 1794. In con-
junction with Beer, he produced an excellent lunar chart,
" Mappa Selenographica," (1834-36.) In 1840 he was
appointed professor of astronomy and director of the
Observatory of Dorpat. He published, besides other
works, "The Existence of a Central Sun," (1846,) and
" Researches into the System of Fixed Stars," which is
highly commended. Died March 14, 1874.

See BROCKHAUS, " Conversations- Lexikon."

Mad'oc or Madog, the second son of Owen Gwy-
nedd, Prince of Wales, lived in the twelfth century.
Some writers favour the hypothesis that he discovered
America about 1170, at which period he was compelled
to leave Wales by a successful rebellion against his
dynasty. Tradition informs us that he sailed from Wales
on a second expedition to the newly-discovered shores,
and was never heard from after. His history furnishei
the subject of Southey's poem entitled "Madoc."

MacVog. See MADOC.

Maclou, int'doo', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a Belgian painter
Sid engraver, born in Brussels in 1796; died April 3,

Madox, (ISAAC.) See MADDOX.

Mad'px, (THOMAS,) an eminent English antiquary,
was an inmate of the Middle Temple, London, and
was called to the bar about 1704. He was a diligent
collector of old legal and historical records, and obtained
the title of royal historiographer. His principal work
is "The History and Antiquities of the Exchequer of
the Kings of England from the Norman Conquest to
the End of the Reign of Edward II.," (1711.) He also
published " Firma Burgi ; or, A Historical Essay con-
cerning the Cities, Towns, and Boroughs of England,"
(1726.) Died about 1735.

See NICHOLS and BOWYHR, " Literary Anecdotes."

Madoz, ml-d6th', (PASCHAL,) a Spanish author and
liberal statesman, was born at Pampeluna in 1806. He
chose the profession of the law, and was appointed a
judge at Barcelona in 1835. He edited a "Universal
Geographical Dictionary," (1831-34,) a work of de-
cided merit. Having been elected a deputy to the
Cortes, he removed to Madrid, where he devoted much
time to an arduous and successful enterprise, as editor
of a voluminous " Geographical - Historical Dictionary
of Spain," (1848,) which is, perhaps, the most com-
plete and excellent work of the kind ever published.
Madoz became a leader of the party called Progre-
sistas, and was minister of finance for about four months
in 1855. Died December II, 1870.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Madrazo, de, da ma-DRa'tho, (Don FEDERICO,) a
Spanish painter, a son of the following, was born at
Rome in 1815. He painted portraits with success, and
became court painter at Madrid. He gained a medal of
the first class in 1855. Died June 10, 1894.

Madrazo y Agudo, de, da ma-DRa'tho e i-goo'oo,
( Don JOSE, ) a Spanish painter of history and portraits,
born at Santander in 1781. He became court painter to
Ferdinand VII., and director of the Academy of Madrid.
Died in 1859.

Madrid, de, da mio-reo', ( JOSE FERNANDEZ,) born
at Carthagena, South America, in 1789. He was chosen
president of the republic of New Granada in 1816, but
in the same year was made prisoner by the Spaniards.
After an imprisonment of nine years in Havana, he
escaped in 1825, after which he was employed by Bolivar
as secret agent in Paris. He wrote " Atala," a tragedy.
Died in 1830.

Madrolle, mS'dRol', (ANTOINE,) a French writer on
religion and politics, born at Saint-Seine in 1792. He
published numerous works, in which he advocated ultra-
montane doctrines. Died in 1861.

Madvig, mad'vig, (JOHANN or JENS NIKOLAI,) a
Danish philologist, born in the isle of Bornholm in 1804.
He was appointed minister of public instruction in 1848.
Among his works are " Opuscula Academica," 2 vols.,
(1834-42,) a noted " Latin Grammar," (1841,) and edition!
of Latin authors. Died in 1886.

Maecenas, me-see'nas, [It. MECENATE, mj-cha-na'tl,
orMECENATO; Fr. MECENE, ma'sin',] (CAlusClLNius,)
a celebrated patron of literature at Rome, was born prob-
ably about 70 B.C. He was descended from an ancient
and royal Etruscan family, and belonged to the eques-
trian order. (Horace, Carm. I. 1-20.) He was the friend
of Octavius before his accession as the emperor Augus-
tus. His fidelity and talents having been approved in
many important negotiations, Octavius intrusted to him
the administration of Rome during his absence in 36 B.C.
when he went to war against Sextus Pompeius. After
the battle of Actium (31 A.D.) had rendered Octaviui

as/J; {as s; ^hard; gas/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sast; th asinMw.

xplanations, p.




master ot Rome, he is said to have followed the counsel
of Maecenas in founding an empire instead of restoring
the republic. Agrippa and Maecenas were the favourites
and chief ministers of Augustus for many years. The
political career of the latter ended about 16 B.C. Mae-
cenas was versed in Greek and Roman literature, and
rendered his name memorable by his liberal patronage
of Horace, Virgil, and other poets, who were his intimate
friends. His name had become proverbial as a patron
of letters as early as the time of Martial. It is said that
Virgil's " Georgics" was written at the request of Mae-
cenas. In the councils of state he advocated mild arid
liberal measures and the free expression of opinions.
He wrote several mediocre works, of which only small
fragments are extant. Died in 8 B.C.

See A. Rivmus, " Dissertationes II. de Mzcenate," 1649-52
HENRI RICHER, "Vie de MteSnas," 1746; R. SCHOMBERG, "Lift
of Maecenas," London, 1766; C. CAPORALI, "Vita di Mecenate,'
1604 ; S. VIOLA, " Storia di C. C. Mecenato," 1816 : FRANDSEN. " C.
C. Mzcenas," etc., 1843; MEIBOMIUS, " De C. C. Msecenatis Vita, 1 '
1653; BELLMAN, "Maecenas Literatorum Patronus," Upsal, 1705-
TACITUS, "Annales," books i., iii., vi., and xiv. ; DION CASSIUS.
" History of Rome."

Msecianus, me-se-a'nus, (Lucius VOL.USIUS,) a
Roman jurist of the second century. He was a legal
adviser of Antoninus Pius, and a preceptor of Marcus
Aurelius. He wrote " De Fideicommissis," and other
works, of which extracts are found in the "Digest."

Maeder, (FREDERICK GEORGE,) an American
actor and playwright, born at New York in 1840. He
played in many parts, dramatized a number of novels,
and wrote several plays. The best known of these
are "Help," " Shamus O'Brien," "The Runaway
Wife," and "The Canuck." Died in 1891.

Maedler. See MADLER.

Maelzel. See MALZF.L.

Maenades, men'a-dez, [from ftaivn/tat, to "rave,") a
name of the priestesses of BACCHUS, (which see.)

Maerlandor Maeriaut, van, van mai'iant, (JACOB,)
an early Flemish poet, born about 1235, is called "the
father of Flemish poetry." He was a person of uncom-
mon information and learning for that age. Among his
works are " Sentences from Aristotle," "The War of
Troy," and " Wapen Martyn." Died in 1300.

Maes. See MAAS.

Maes, mis, (ANDREAS,) a Belgian Orientalist, born
in Brabant in 1515 or 1516 ; died in 1573.

Maes, mSs. <CAMILLUS PAUL,) D.D., a bishop, born
at Courtrai, Belgium, March 13, 1846. He graduated
in 1863 at the College of Courtrai, studied divinity at
Hinges and Louvain, was ordained a Roman Catholic
priest in 1868, came to America in 1869, was stationed
chiefly in Detroit, and in 1884 was appointed

Maestlin. See MASTI.IN.

Mae'terlinck, (MAURICE,) a Belgian dramatist,
born at Ghent in 1864. He has been called the
'Belgian Shakspeare," and became well known by
" La Princesse Maleine," ( 1890, i which was foil
by various other plays, essays, etc.

Masvius, mee've-us, an obscure Roman poetaster of
the Augustan age, acquired notoriety by his envious
attacks on the best poets of his time. His name has
been saved from oblivion by the ridicule of Virgil, who
mentions him in his Third Eclogue. The name of
Gilford's satiric poem "The Mzviad" is derived from

Maffei, maf-fa'ee, (ANDREA,) an Italian poet, born at
Riva di Trento in 1802. He published several volumes
of original verse, but is chiefly knuwn for his excellent
translations from other literatures, mainly English and
German. Died in 1885.

Maffei, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian painter, born at
Vicenza. He imitated Paul Veronese in colouring. His
style is grand, but rather exaggerated. Died about 1660.

brated Italian scholar and author, born at Verona in
June, 1675. He made a campaign in the service of
Bavaria, and distinguished himself at Donauwerth in

1704, but soon renounced the military profession and
devoted himself to literature. In 1713 he produced
" Merope," a tragedy, which was highly applauded, and
ran through seventy editions in forty years. His prin-
cipal work, "Verona Illustrata," (2 vols. fol., 1731,)
treats of the origin, history, and literary history of
Verona. It is admirable for profound research, sound
criticism, and elegant style. He also wrote "Introduc-
tion to the Science of Diplomatics," ("Istoria diplo-
matica che serve d'Introduzione all' Arte critica in tal
Materia,") and other works. He was a member of the
Royal Societies of London and of Berlin. Died in 1755.

PIETRO,) an excellent Italian writer, born at Bergamo
in 1535. He went to Rome and entered the order of
Jesuits in 1565, after which he lectured on eloquence for
six years at the Roman College with great success. His
most celebrated work is "Historiae Indicae," ("History
of India," 1588,) of which the style is the chief merit.
" Maffei," says Hallam, " threw all the graces of a pure
Latin style over his description of the East." He wrote
a" Life of Loyola,"(i585,) and other works. Died in 1603.

See TlRABosCHi, "Storia della Letteratura Italiana;" NICERON,
" Memoires."

Maffei, (PAOLO ALESSANDRO,) an Italian antiquary,
born at Volterra in 1653. He published a "Collection
of Ancient and Modern Statues, with Critical Observa-
tions," and another esteemed work, illustrative of ancient
gems, ("Gemme antiche figurate," 1707.) Died in 1716.

Maffei, (RAFFAELLO,) also called Raffaello Volter-
rano, raf-fa-el'lo vol-ter-ra'no, an Italian scholar, born
at Volterra in 1451. His most important work is "Com-
mentarii Urbani," which treats of geography, biography,
sciences, etc. It was reprinted at Paris in 1526. Died
at Rome in 1522.

Maffeo (or Maffei) Vegio, maf-fa'o va'jo, [Lat.
MAPH/ii'rs YE'(;II:S,| one of the most eminent Latin
poets of the fifteenth century, was born at Lodi in 1406.
He became a resident of Rome, and was appointed
secretary of briefs and datary by Eugene IV. Besides
.several reiigi'ms works in prose, he composed Latin
poems, entitled "The Golden Fleece," (" Astyanax Vel-
lus Aureum,") and "vEneidos Supplementum," (1471,)
a continuation of Virgil's great epic. The last was the
mostadmi:< .mrks. He was highly praised by

Scaliger. Died in 1458.

Sec TiRABo<;i:in. "Storia della Letteratura Italiana;" BAYLB,
cal and Critical Dictionary ;" NICBRON. " Memoires."

Maf'fitt, ( I ins NEWLAND, ) a noted Methodist
preacher, born at Dublin, Ireland, in 1794. Having
(-migrated to the United States in 1819, he became
in 1833 associate editor of the "Western Methodist,'
published at Nashville, Tennessee. lie was electee
professor of elocution at La Grange College, Alabama,
in 1837. Died in 1850.

Mafoma- See MOHAMMED.

Magalhaens. See MAGKLI.IN.

Magalhaens, ma-si! -y.Ve'xs. (GABRIEL,) a Portu-
guese missionary, born near Coimbra in 1609, laboured
in the Jesuit missions in China from 1640 until his death,
in 1677, and wrote a "Description of China," (1688.)

Magalhaens de Gandavo, de. <ii ma-gal-yi'e.Ns
da gan-di'vo, (PEDRO,) a Portuguese historian, born at
Braga about 1550. He passed some years in Brazil, and
published at Lisbon in 1576 a "History of Brazil," a
work of some merit.

Magalon, mf'gt'16N', (JEAN DENIS,) a French write,
and journalist, born at Bagnoles in 1794; died about 1840.

Magalotti, ma-ga-lot'tee, ( LORENZO, ) COUNT, an
Italian philosopher, bom at Rome in 1637, was versed
in ancient and modern languages. He became a resident
of Florence, the grand duke of which employed him en
diplomatic missions to Vienna and Mantua. Among his
works are a treatise against atheism, called " Familiar
Letters," (1719,) "Scientific and Learned Letters,"
(" Lettere scientifiche ed erudite." 1721,) nnri "Ana-
creontic Songs," (1723.) "The Letters of Magalotti
and of Redi," says Hallam, "seem to do more credit
than anything else to this period," (of Italian literature.)
Died in 1712.

a, e, t, o, u, y, lint;; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1,0, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; fir, fall, fit; met; nflt; good; moon;




Maganza, mi-gin'zi, (ALESSANDRO,) an Italian his-
torical painter, born at Vicenza in 1556. He imitated
Paul Veronese with moderate success. Died in 1630.
Alessandro had three sons, who were promising artists ;
but they died prematurely before their father.

See A. M. MKNKGHELLI, " Elogio di A. Maganza," 1845; LANZI,
" History of Painting in Italy."

Maganza, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Italian painter,
surnamed IL MAGAGNO, (el ma-gan'yo,) born at Vicenza
in 1509, was the father of the preceding. He was a
pupil of Titian, and was successful in portraits and his-
tory. He was author of a volume of poems, (" Rime,")
published in 1570. Died in 1589.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy ;" BALDINUCCI, " No-
tixie "

Maganza, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) a painter of the
Venetian school, born at Vicenza in 1577, was a son and
pupil of Alessandro, noticed above. Died in 1617.

Ma'gas, [Gr. Ma>af,] a king of Gyrene, and a step-
son of Ptolemy Soter. Died in 258 B.C.

Magati, mj-ga'tee, or Magatti, ma-gat'tee, [Lat
MAGA'TUS,] (CESARE,) an eminent Italian surgical writer,
born at Scandiano in 1579. He wrote " De rara Medi-
catione Vulnerum," (1616.) Died in 1647.
Magatus. See MAGATI.

Mag'da-lene or Mag'da-len, [Fr. MADELEINE or
MADELINE, mid'lin',] (MARY,) an eminent Christian
saint, was probably born at Magdala, in Galilee. She
was one of the personal followers of Christ, by whom
she was "healed of evil spirits and infirmities." (See
Luke viii. 2.) Nothing appears to be known of her his-
tory in addition to the facts narrated by the four Evan-
gelists. (See Matthew xxvii. and xxviii., Mark xvi., and
John xix. 25 and xx. 1-18.) The learned differ on the
question of her identity with Mary the sister of Lazarus
of Bethany. The prevalent notion that her morals were
very depraved before her conversion appears to have no
real foundation.

Ma-gee'. (WILLIAM,) Archbishop of Dublin, was
born in Ireland in 1765. . He opposed Unitarianism in
" Discourses on the Scriptural Doctrines of the Atone-
ment," (2 vols., 1801,) which procured for him a wide
reputation. He became Bishop of Raphoe in 1819, and
Archbishop of Dublin in 1822. Died in 1831.

Magee, (WILLIAM CONNOR,) D.D., a prelate, a
grandson of the preceding, was born at Cork, Decem-
ber 17, 1821. He was educated at Kilkenny College,
and at Trinity College, Dublin. In 1864 he was made
Dean of Cork, and soon after dean of the Chapel
Royal, Dublin. In 1868 he was consecrated Bishop of
Peterborough, (Anglican,) and in 1891 became Arch-
bishop of York. Died May 5, 1891.

Magellan, ma-jel'lan, [Sp. pron. ml-hel-yan'; Port.
MAGALHAENS, ma-gil-ya'gNs,] (FERNANDO,) a Portu-
guese navigator, distinguished for his skill, enterprise,
and important discoveries, was born about 1470. He
terved several years in the East Indies under Aibu-
querque, and took part in the capture of Malacca in
1511. A few years later he offered his services to
Charles V., and received command of a fleet of five
vessels and 230 men. With these he sailed, September,
1319, with a view to find a western route to the East
Indies. He passed the winter of 1520 (from May to
September) in the Bay of Saint Julian, about 49 south
latitude, where a serious mutiny or conspiracy was sup-
pressed by the execution of two captains of vessels. In
October, 1520, he discovered and passed through the
strait which bears his name. Pursuing his course through
the great ocean of which he was the first navigator,
and which he named the Pacific, he discovered the La-
drones about the 6th of March, 1521. He proceeded
thence to the Philippine Isles, and was amicably received
by the Prince of Zebu or Cebu. Having become an ally
of this prince in a war against another small island of
the same group, Magellan was killed in battle in April,
1521. One of his ships, the Vittoria, commanded by
Sebastian del Cano, returned to Spain, and was the first
that circumnavigated the globe. An Italian named Pi-
gafetta accompanied Magellan in this last voyage, and
kept a journal, which was published. (See PIGAFETTA.)

Magellan or Magalhaens, ( JoXo JACINTO,) was
born at Lisbon in 1723. He emigrated to England
about 1764, cultivated natural philosophy with success,
and was chosen a Fellow of the Royal Society, (1774.)
He wrote a " Description of English Octants and Sex-
tants," and other scientific treatises. Died near London
in 1790.

Magendie, mfzhoN'de', (FRANC.OIS,) an eminent
French physiologist and physician, was born at Bor-
deaux on the 1 5th of October, 1783, and was educated
in Paris. He became demonstrator of anatomy in the
Faculty of Medicine, Paris, about 1805. In 1816 he
produced a manual of physiology, " Precis elementaire
de Physiologic," which was translated into German and
English. He was admitted into the Academy of Sci-
ences about 1821, and became professor of anatomy or
medicine in the College of France in 1831. His experi-
ments contributed greatly to the progress of physiology.
Among his important services was the discovery or
demonstration of the functions of the spinal nerves. The
honour of this discovery, however, is shared by Charles
Bell. Magendie discovered that in the circulation of
the blood, the arteries act not by irritability, but by elas-
ticity, and proved that the veins are organs of absorption.
He experimented on living animals more than any of his
predecessors. Among his principal works are " Lectures
on the Physical Phenomena of Life," (" Le9ons sur les
Phenomenes physiques de la Vie," 4 vols., 1836-42,)
and " Lectures on the Functions and Diseases of the
Nervous System," (2 vols., 1839.) He founded in 1821
the "Journal of Experimental Physiology," which he
continued to edit until 1831. He was appointed presi-
dent of the board of public health (comiti cotisultotif
(Thygiint publique) in 1848. Died in October, 1855.

See. FLOUKENS, "filoge historique de F. Masendie," 1858; Do-
BOIS^ D' AMIENS, " Eloge de Magendie;" " Nouvelle Biographic

Magenta, Due DE. See MACMAHON.

Mageoghegan, (JAMES.) See MACGEOHEGAN.

Maggi, mid'jee, [Lat. MAD'DIUS,] (CARLO MARIA,)
an Italian poet, born at Milan in 1630. He became a
member of the Academy Delia Crusca, and professor
of Greek in Milan. His works consist of Greek, Latin,
and Italian poems, of Letters, etc. " Maggi bore an
honourable part," says Hallam, "in the restoration of
poetry." Died in 1699.

See L. A. MURATOKI, " Vita di C. M. Maggi, Milanese," 1700;
TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Italians. "

Maggi, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian painter and etcher,
born in Rome about 1566; died after 1618.

Maggi, (GiROLAMO,) a lawyer and writer, born at
Anghiari, in Tuscany. About 1560 he settled in Venice,
where he published several works, among which were
" The War of Flanders," a poem, and " Variae Lee-
tiones." Having been made prisoner by the Turks in
Cyprus, he attempted to escape, was recaptured, and
strangled in Constantinople in 1572.

Maggi, (LuciLio FILALTEO,) a learned Italian physi-
cian, was born at Brescia about 1510. He obtained the
chair of medicine in the University of Pavia about 1553.
He wrote "Familiar Letters" ("Epistolae Familiares")
on the literary history of Italy. Died about 1570.

Maggio, mad'jo, or Magio, ma'jo, (FRANCESCO
MARIA,) a monk, born at Palermo in 1612, became
skilled in Oriental languages. He was employed as a
missionary in Syria, Georgia, etc., and wrote a " Gram-
mar of the Georgian Language." Died in 1686.

Ma'gi, a religious sect or priestly caste of ancien:
Persia, which had exclusive possession of scientific
knowledge. They worshipped fire and the sun, and
were reformed by Zoroaster. In the Gospel certain
members of this caste are mentioned as " wise men of
the East." ( See Matthew ii. I.) In process of time
the term Magi became synonymous with philosophers,
learned men, astronomers, and soothsayers, or dealers
in magic arts.

Ma-gUl', (EDWARD H.,) LL.D., an American educator
and scholar, was born in Bucks county, Pennsylvania,
September 24, 1825. He graduated at Brown University,
Providence, Rhode Island, in 1852. The same year he
became principal of the classical department of the Prov

as k; c as s; g hard; g asy; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; as ; th as in this. ( J^="See Explanations, p. 23. >




fdence High School, which position he held till 1859,
when he was appointed sub-master of the Boston Latin
School. Having in 1867 resigned his place in the Latin
School, he spent some time in foreign travel. From 1871
to 1890 he was president of Swarthmore College, and
subsequently professor of French there. The high de-
gree of prosperity which that institution enjoys is due
in no small measure both to his rare skill as an in-
structor and to his wise and efficient government. Dr.
Magill is a zealous advocate of the co-education of the
sexes, and the complete and signal success of this system
at Swarthmore furnishes a practical argument in its
favour not easy to refute cr resist. During his connec-
tion with the Boston Latin School, Mr. Magill published
a French Grammar and a series of French Readers which
have been widely used in the schools and colleges of our

Maginl, ma-jee'nee, (GIOVANNI ANTONIO,) an Italian
astronomer, born at Padua in 1555. He was professor
of mathematics at Bologna from 1588 to 1617, and wrote
many works, among which are " Ephemerides," and
" New Theories of the Celestial Orbs," (" Novae Cceles-
tium Orbium Theoriae," 1589.) Died in 1617.

Ma-ginn', (WILLIAM,) a witty and versatile writer,
born 'at Cork, in Ireland, about 1793. He removed to
London about 1824, and adopted literature as a profes-
sion. About this time he was a frequent contributor to
"Blackwood's Magazine," in which he appears as the
" Morgan O'Doherry" of the " Noctes Ambrosianae."
About 1828 he became sub-editor of "The Standard," a
Tory paper, and began to write able and caustic articles
for " Eraser's Magazine." He also wrote a novel called
" Whitehall." Died in 1842.

See "Autobiography of William Jerdan," vol. Hi. chap. vii. ;
" Eraser's Magazine" for January, 1831, (with a portrait,) and for
February, March, and April, 1838.

Magirus, ma-gee'rus, (TOBIAS,) aGerman philosopher,
born at Angermunde in 1586, taught logic and physics
at Frankfort-on-the-Oder. Died in 1651.

Magistris, de, deh mi-jes'tRess, (GiACiNTO,) an Ital-
ian missionary, born in the diocese of Cremona in 1605 ;
died at Goa, India, in 1666.

Magistris, de, (SlMONF.,) an Italian priest, noted for
his mastery of ancient languages, was born in Corsica in
1728 ; died at Rome in 1802.

Magliabecchi, mal-yi-bek'kee, (ANTONIO,) an Italian
bibliomaniac and librarian, noted for his prodigious
memory and learning, was born at Florence in 1633. He
devoured a great number of books with avidity, became
versed in languages and antiquities, and was regarded as
an oracle by the learned. His habits were very eccentric.
He was for many years librarian of Cosimo III., Grand

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 116 of 425)