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Gazna.) At an early age he distinguished himself while
fighting under his father against the enemies of Nooh,
(or Nouh,) the Samanide sovereign of Persia, from whom
he received the title of Seif-ed-Dowlah, (" Sword of the
State.") But afterwards, having been ill treated by
Mansoor, a successor to Nooh, he overthrew the throne
of the Samanides, and established his empire over a
vast territory, including what is now called Afghanistan,
besides an extensive region in the northeastern part of
Persia Bit, still unsatisfied, he resolved on the subju-
gation ct" the countries beyond the Indus. During a reign
of rather more than thirty years, he made no fewer than
twelve expeditions into Ind'ia, besides carrying on several
important wars in Central Asia. He extended his con-
quests not only over the whole of the Punjab, but pene-
trated as far as Bundelcund on the east and Guzerat on
the south. Moore, in his beautiful poem of " Paradise
and the Peri," gives a striking picture of Mahmood's
sanguinary and desolating career through Hindostan
Apostrophizing India, he says,

"Land of the sun ! what foot invades
Thy pagods and thy pillared shades?
'Tis he of Gazna. fierce in wrath
*****

He conies, and India's diadems
Lie scattered in his ruinous path.
His bloodhounds he adorns with gems
Torn from the violated necks
Of many a young and loved sultana ;
Maidens within their pure zenana.
Priests in the very fane he slaughters,
And chokes up with the glittering wrecks
Of golden shrines the sacred waters."

Lalla Rookh.

It is related by Ferishta, a celebrated Moslem his-
torian, that, having hoard of the immense riches de-
posited in the temple of Somnath, famous throughout
all India for its sanctity, Mahmood determined to take
possession of that place. The priests of Somnath had
boasted that, if he dared approach their holy shrine, he
would receive from the avenging gods the just reward
of his temerity. The temple stood on the extremity
of a point of land in Guzerat, and was. surrounded on
three sides by the sea. It was defended by the Hindoos
with all the courage of religious enthusiasm and all the
obstinacy of despair. But nothing could withstand the
valour of the fierce invaders. Mahmood, having enterec



querable energy and courage, Mahmood possessed some
virtues of a more exalted Tdnd. A woman from a dis-
tant province, it is said, complained one day to the Sultan
that her son had been killed and her property carried
off by robbers. He replied that it was impossible for
iim to prevent all disorders in a region so remote.
"Why, then," said the woman, "do you conquer king-
doms which you cannot protect, and for which you will
have to answer at the day of judgment?" Far from
resenting the freedom of this rebuke, he immediately
took effective measures for establishing order in that dis-
:ant part of his dominions. After his Indian conquests
he not only greatly embellished Gazna, which still con-
tinued to be the capital of his empire, so that it rivalled,
it is said, the most splendid cities of the East, but he
showed himself a patron of science and literature, espe-
cially of poetry. It was during his reign that Firdousee,
(or Firdausi,) the greatest of all the poets of Moham-
medanism, flourished. (See FIRDOUSEE.) Seven other
distinguished poets, according to Von Hammer, lived at
his court and chanted his praises. Mahmood was the
first, it is said, of the great Moslem rulers who employed
the Persian language in official documents. Died in 1030.
See FBRISHTA, " History of the Rise of the Mahomedan Power
in India," (translated by GENERAL BRIGGS;) IBN KHAU.IKAN, "Dic-
tionnaire Biographique ;" WILKEN, "Historia Gh.isnevidarum ;"
VON HAMMER. "Geschichte der schiinen Redekunste Persiens ;'
HAMDALLAH MESTOUFI. " Histoires choisies;" " History of British
India," in "Harper 1 '! Family Library," vol. i. : VON HAMMER,
" Gemahldesaal grosser Moslemischer Herscher."

Mahmood (Mahmoud or Mahmud) n.,_surnamed
NASIR-OOD-DEEN, (NAsiR-ouo-DlN,) nl'sir ood-deen',
(i.e. " Defender of the Faith,") an eccentric though able
Sultan of Delhi, who ascended the throne in 1246. After
the death of his father, Altmish, (Slt'mish,) he was im-
prisoned by his step-mother, and remained in confine-
ment several years. During this period he voluntarily
earned his bread by copying manuscripts. Even after
he was raised to the throne he continued, it is said, to
earn his subsistence by his pen. As a king he was dis-
tinguished for his ability, justice, and liberality; he was
a patron of learning, the protector of his people, and ;
friend of the poor. He was a successful general, and
speedily reduced several insurrections which broke out
during his reign. Contrary to the custom of Moslem
princes, Mahmood had but one wife, whom he required
to be as industrious as himself, and to perform all the
homely duties of housewifery like the meanest of her
subjects. Her majesty, having one day burned her
fingers while cooking, begged Mahmood to let her have
a maid to assist her ; but he refused, saying he was but '-



he temple was about to demolish a gigantic image, the a ma ld to ass.st her ; but he re! i a sa;
obiect_cjf_ t he idolatrous worship of the Hindoos. The I trustee of the state and had no rigl

; as s; g hard: g as>; G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as *; th as in tfus. '.<J^=See Explanations, p. 23.)



MAHMOOD



1628



MAIA



needless expenses. He used to say, "Those who will
not work for their bread do not deserve it." Mahmood
Nasir-ood-Deen was a half-brother of the distinguished
Sultana Ruzeea Begum. (See RUZEEA BEGUM.) He
died after a reign of twenty years.

See FERISHTA, "Rise of the Mahomedan Power in India."
(BRIGGS'S translation.) vol. i. ; " History of British India," vol. i., in
" Harper's Family Library."

Malimood (Mahmoud or Mahmfid) Shah, (Na-
sir-ed-Deen cr -Eddyn, na'sjr ed-deen',) Emperor of
Hindostan, was the son of Mohammed III. Heascended
the throne of Delhi in 1394, and was a feeble ruler. His
reign was a disastrous period of intestine wars and an-
archy. Timur (Tamerlane) invaded India, defeated the
army of Mahmood in 1399, and took Delhi. A few years
later, Mahmood returned to Delhi, but he obtained but
little power. He died in 1413, being the last of his
dynasty.

Mahmood, (Sultan of Syria and Egypt) See NoOR-
ED-DEEN.)

Mahmoud. See MAHMOOD.

Mahmud. See MAHMOOD.

Mahomet, (the Prophet.) See MOHAMMED.

Ma-hom'et* [ Fr. pron. mS'o'mi'] or Mohammed
(mo-ham'mSd) I., Emperor or Sultan of the Ottomans,
born in 1374, was a younger son of Bayazeed (Bajazet) I.,
who was defeated by Tamerlane at Ancyra in 1401. At
this time he was governor of Amasia, of which the victor
left him in possession. Mahomet and his brother Moosa
(Mousa) having appealed to arms for a decision of their
claims to the throne, the latter was killed in battle in 1413.
Mahomet restored the Ottoman empire to its former sta-
bility, subjected the Bosnians and Servians, and was the
first Sultan that disputed with the Venetians the empire
of the sea. He died in 1421, and was succeeded by his
son, Amurath II.

See VON HAMMER, "Geschichte des Osmanischen Reichs."

Mahomet or Mohammed IL,styled THE GREAT, the
son of Amurath II., was born in 1430, and succeeded his
father in 1451. Having raised an army of about 300,000
men, he attacked Constantinople, defended by the Greek
emperor Constantine Palzologus. After a siege of fifty-
five days, the city was taken by storm on the 2gth of May,
1453, and Constantine was killed fighting in the breach.
Great numbers of the Greek citizens were massacred by
the orders or permission of the victor, who in 1456 returned
to Adrianople, his former capital. In that year he was
defeated at Belgrade by the Hungarian chief Huniades.
He conquered Trebizond from David Comnenus in 1461,
and afterwards acquired by his arms Bosnia, and seve-
ral islands in the Archipelago. In 1465 he was defeated
by Scanderbeg in Albania. He waged successful wars
against the Venetians and the Persians, (1470-78,) and
invaded Italy in 1480. Death arrested his progress to
further conquest in 1481, and delivered Christian nations
from a formidable adversary. He left the throne to his
son, Bayazeed (Bajazet) II.

See GUILLET DE SAINT-GEORGES. "Histoire du Regne de Ma-
homet," 1682 ; VON HAMMER, " Geschichte des Osmanischen
Reichs;" GIBBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire;"
" Nouvelle Biographic Gen^rale. "

Mahomet or Mohammed ITT, Sultan of Turkey,
was born about 1568, and succeeded his father, Amurath
HI., in 1595. He put his brothers to death in the first
days of his reign. He was a feeble ruler, and preferred the
pursuit of pleasure to his duties as a monarch. Among
the chief events of his reign was a war with the emperoi
Rudolph in Hungary, where the Turks lost several
towns. He died in 1603, and was succeeded by his son,
Ahmed (Achmet) I.

See VON HAMMER, "Geschichte des Osmanischen Reichs."

Mahomet or Mohammed IV., the son and succes-
sor of Ibraheem I., was seven years old when his father
was killed by the Janissaries in 1649. Having a ruling
passion for the chase, he permitted the grand vizier,
Mahomet Koprili, to direct the affairs of the empire.
That able minister took Lemnos and Mitylene from the
Venetians in 1660, and about the same time waged war
against the Austrians in Hungary. After several victories,



* For some remarks on the pronunciation of this name, see MO-
HAMMED, (the Prophet.)



the Turks were defeated at Saint Gothard on the Raab in
1663, and the war was suspended by a treaty. In that year
Koprili died, and his son Ahmed (Achmet) became grand
vizier. He took the capital of Candia in 1669, after a
long siege. In 1683 a Turkish army of about 200,000
men under Cara Mustafa invaded Austria and besieged
Vienna, from which the emperor Leopold fled without
offering battle. After a siege of nearly two months, John
Sobieski marched to the relief of the city, and put the
Turks to a total rout. In consequence of this and other
later reverses, Mahomet was deposed in 1687, and was
succeeded by his brother, Solyman II. Mahomet wai
imprisoned until his death, in 1691.

See VON HAMMER, "Geschichte des Osmanischen Reichs;'
DEVIZE, " Histoire de Mahomet IV diposi en 1687," Amsterdam,
1688.

Mahon, LORD. See STANHOPE, EARL OF.

Mahon, mi'6N', ( PAUL AUGUSTUS OLIVIER,) a French
physician, born at Chartres in 1752. He wrote " Mede-
cine legale," (3 vols., 1802.) Died in 1801.

Ma-hone', (WILLIAM,) an American Senator, was born
near Monroe, Southampton county, Virginia, December
I, 1826. He graduated at the Virginia Military Institute
in 1847, and became a civil engineer and railroad-presi-
dent He entered the Confederate army as colonel in
i86i,and rose to be major-general, winning great distinc-
tion as a fighting corps-commander. After the war he
resumed the railway-presidency. Entering the field of
politics, he combined the Republican and Readjuster
parties of Virginia, and from 1881 to 1887 occupied a
scat in the United States Senate. Died Oct. 8, 1895.

Ma-ho'iiy, ( FRANCIS,) an Irish writer and wit, born
about 1805, wrote under the assumed name of " Father
Prout." He contributed many able articles to " Eraser's
Magazine," which were published separately in 1860.
He also wrote as correspondent for several daily jour-
nals of London. Died in 1866.

Mahudel, mfii'dSl', (NicoLAS,) a French antiquary,
born at Langres in 1673. He practised medicine in
Paris for many years. He wrote a "Treatise on the
Ancient Medals or Coins of Spain," (1725,) and several
antiquarian treatises inserted in the records of the Acad-
emy of Inscriptions. Died in 1747.

Mahul, mrul', (ALPHONSE JACQUES,) a French po-
litical writer, born at Carcassone in 1795. He published
a valuable work entitled "Annuaire necrologique, pu
Supplement annuel et Continuation de toutes les Bio-
graphies," (6 vols., 1821-26.) Died August 25, 1871.

Mai, ma'ee or mi, (ANGELO,) CARDINAL, a celebrated
Italian critic and philologist, born at Schilpario, in the
province of Bergamo, on the 7th of March, 1782. He
became an excellent classical scholar, and about 1808
was admitted as an associate in the Ambrosian Library
of Milan, which was rich in ancient manuscripts. He
applied himself to the task of deciphering palimpsests,
and discovered portions of Cicero's orations and other
classic works which had never been printed. In 1819
he was appointed chief librarian of the Vatican at Rome.
The discovery which made the greatest sensation was
that of six books of Cicero, " De Republica," which he
published, with able critical notes, in 1822. These
books, which had been lost since the twelfth century,
were found by him in the Vatican. Among the monu-
ments of his critical sagacity and patient research are
three collections, entitled " A New Collection of Ancient
Authors, produced from the Library of the Vatican,"
(" Scriptorum Veterum nova Collectio e Vaticanis Codi-
cibus edita," 10 vols. 410, 1825-38,) "Classic Writer!
published from the Manuscripts of the Vatican," ("Clas-
sic! Scriptores ex Codicibus Vaticanis editi," 10 vols.,
1828-38,) and " New Library of the Fathers," (" Nova
Bibliotheca Patrum," 6 vols., 1845-53.) He was raised
to the dignity of cardinal in 1838, was chosen a foreign
associate of the French Institute in 1842, and librarian
of the Roman Church in 1853. Died in September, 1854.

See P. A. MUTTI, " Elogio di Angelo Mai," 1828; "Nouvelle
Biographic Gent-rale."

Ma'Ia, [Moia or Maiac,] in Greek mythology, is repre-
sented as the daughter of Atlas and Pleione, (whence
she was called Atlantis and Pleias,) and the eldest of the
Pleiades. She was the mother of Hermes, (Mercury.)



i. e. i. o, u, v,lo>if; a, e, 6, same, k>s prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, y, short: a, e, j, o, obscure; fir, fill, fat; m?t; not; good; m<5on;



MAIANO



1629



MAILLY



Another MAIA, alias MAJESTA, was a goddess of the
Rinnans, who named one of the months in honour
of her.

Maiano or Majano, da, da ma-ya'no, (BENEDETTO,;
an eminent Italian sculptor and architect, was horn in
Tuscany, perhaps in Florence, in 1424, or, according to
other authorities, in 1442. He acquired fame first by
his unrivalled skill in inlaid work, and afterwards de-
voted himself to sculpture in marble. He worked in
Florence and Naples. Among his best productions are
a bust of Giotto, and a marble pulpit of Santa Croce,
(in Florence,) in which he represented the life of Saint
Francis. Died in 1498.

See VASARI, "Lives oi" the Painters," etc.; QUATREMERH DH
QUINCV, "Vies des Architectes ce'iebres."

Maiano or Majano, da, (GIULIANO,) an excellent
Italian architect, born in Naples. His birth is variously
dated 1377, 1387, and 1432. He designed at Naples the
royal palace of Poggio Reale and the triumphal arch of
Castello Nuovo. Having been invited to Rome by Paul
II., he built between 1464 and 1471 one of the courts of
the Vatican and the palace and church of San Marco.
Died about 1490.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters, " etc. ;Tlcozzi, " Dizionario."

Maichel, mi'Kel, (DANIEL,) a German philologist,
born at Stuttgart in 1693, became professor of philoso-
phy at Tubingen in 1724. He published an " Introduc-
tion to Literary History," in which he describes the
great libraries of Paris. Died in 1752.

Maidalchini-Pamfili. See MALDACHINI-PAMFILI.

Maienne. See MAYENNE.

Maier. See MAYER.

Maier, ml'er, (MICHAEL.) a famous German alchemist,
born in Holstein in 1568. He became physician to the
emperor Rudolph, but left his service, and wasted his
time and money in the researches of alchemy. He wrote,
besides other works, "Jocus Severus," "Atalanta fu-
giens," ( 1618,) and " Tripus Aureus," (" Golden Tripod,")
which are prized by amateurs. Died in 1622.

See HOEFER, " Histoire de la Chimie."

Maignan, min'ySN', [Lat MAIGNA'NUS,](EMANUEL,)
a French monk, eminent as a geometer and philosopher,
was born at Toulouse in 1601. He became professor
of mathematics in Rome in 1636. He wrote " Perspec-
tiva Horaria," an able " Treatise on Catoptrics, "(1648,)
and a few other works. Died in 1676.

See SAGUENS, " De Vita, Moribus, etc. E. Maignani," 1697
NICERON, " Memoires."

Maignanus. See MAIGNAN.

Maigrot, m^'gRo', (CHARLES,) a French missionary,
born in Paris in 1652. He laboured in China from 1683
to 1706, and wrote " De Sinica Religione," (unpublished.)
Died at Rome in 1730.

See MAILLA, " Histoire ge'nerale de la Chine."

Maikof, Maikov, Maikoff, or Maikow, mi-kof,
(VASIL IVANOVITCH,) a Russian soldier and poet, born
at Yaroslaf in 1725. He obtained some reputation for
humour and comic power by his " Yelisei, or Bacchus
Enraged," a burlesque poem. He also wrote several
dramas and fables. Died in 1778.

Mailath or Majlith, mi'ltt, (JANOS NEPOMUK,)
COUNT, an eminent Hungarian poet and historian, was
born at Pesth in 1786. He was employed many years
in the civil service of Austria. In the affairs of Hun-
gary he was identified with the conservatives, or adver-
saries of Kossuth. He published, in German, two
important works, a "History of the Magyars," (1828-
31,) and a " History of the Austrian Empire," (1834-50.)
The revolution of 1848 deprived him of his official em-
ployment as jitdex curia at Pesth, and reduced him to
extreme poverty. He and his daughter Henrietta drowned
themselves in Lake Starnberg, in Bavaria, in 1855. He
leJt several poems and translations. He was highly
respected as a man.

See BROCKHAUR, " Conversations-Lexikon ;" also an article on
the " Language and Literature of the Magyars" in the " Foreign
Quarterly Review" for September, i8aS, and October, 1839.

Mailhe, mil, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French revolution-
ist, bjrn in 1754, was elected to the Convention in 1792.
Duiing the trial of the king, he voted for an appeal to



the people ; but he was counted among those who voted
for death conditionally. Died in 1834.

Mailla, Maillat, m'i'yf', or Maillac, de, deh mi'yik'
(JOSEPH ANNE MARIE DE MOYRIA,) a French' Jesuit and
missionary, born near Nantua in 1679. He was sent to
China in 1702, resided at court, and received the title of
mandarin. He translated into French a " General His-
tory of China," (12 vols., 1777-83.) "This work," says
Weiss, "with the Memoirs published by Batteux, Bre-
quigny, etc., (1775-1816,) forms the most extensive and
valuable collection that has yet appeared on China." H
died in Pekin in 1748.

Maillac. See MAILLA.

Maillaue. See DURAND DE MAILLANE.

Maillard, mi'yiu', (OLIVIER,) a celebrated Frentu
pulpit orator, born in Bretagne. He preached in Paris
in 1494, and gave much offence by his boldness. Louis
XI. having threatened to throw him into the river, Mail-
lard said to the person who conveyed the menace, "Go
tell the king that I shall arrive at heaven by water sooner
than he can by post-horses." Died about 1505.

See NICBRON, "Me'moires;" " Nouvelle Biographic GeniSraJe

Maillard, (SEBASTIAN,) a scientific Austrian general,
born at Luneville in 1746. He wrote "The Mechanics
of Arches," and other works. Died in 1822.

Maillard de Chambure, mfyin' deh shflN'bu'R',
( CHARLES HIPPOLYTE,) a French antiquary, born at
Semur in 1772 ; died in 1841.

Maillat See MAILLA.

Maillebois, de, deh mfl'bwa' or ml'ye-bwa', (JEAN
BAPTISTE FRANCOIS Desmarets di-nit'rA',) MARQUIS,
a famous French general, born in Paris in 1682, was a son
of Nicolas Desmarets, contrSleur-glniral, and a grandson
of the great Colbert. After many services, he was made
lieutenant-general in 1731, commanded a division in Italy
in 1 733, and took Corsica in 1 739. He obtained the rank
of marshal in 1741, defeated the Austrians on the Po in
September, 1745, and was forced to retreat at the battle
of Piacenza, in June, 1746. Died in 1762.

See VOLTAIRE, " Siecle de Louis XV ;" SISMONDI, " Histoire de
Franjais :" MASSON DE PEZAY, " Histoire des Campagnes du Mare-
chal de Maillebois en Italic," 3 vois., 1775.

Maille-Breze, de, deh mfya' bReh-zi', (URBAIN,) a
French genera], who obtained command of the French
army in Germany in 1634, and defeated the Spaniards
at Avesnes in 1635. Having gained several advantages
in Flanders between 1642 and 1650, he was made a
marshal of France. His wife was Nicole, a sister of
Cardinal Richelieu. He died in 1650.

His son, ARMAND, born in 1619, became Due de
Fronsac and de Caumont. As admiral of France, he
defeated the Spaniards off Cadiz in 1640, and was killed
at Orbitello in 1646.

See GRIFFET, " Histoire de Louis XIII."

Maille de Breze, de, deh mi'ya' deh bReh-zi',
SIMM",) a French prelate, born in 1515. He became
Archbishop of Tours in 1554, and was a member of the
Council of Trent. Died in 1597.

Maillet, mi'yi', ( JACQUES LEONARD, ) a French
sculptor, born in Paris in 1823. He gained the first
arize in 1847. Died February 14, 1894.

Maillet, de, deh ma"yi', (BENotr,) a French writer,
xjrn at Saint-Mihiel in 1656. He was consul-general of
France in Egypt about ten years, ending in 1702, and
published a "Description of Egypt," (1735,) which has
some merit. He also wrote a singular treatise on cos
mology, entitled "Telliamed," (anagram of De Maillet.)
Died in 1738.

Maillet-Duclairon, mi'yi' dii'kli'rd.N', (ANTOINE,)
a French author, born near Macon in 1721. He cor-
responded with Voltaire and Turgot, and wrote several
works, among which is "Cromwell," a tragedy, (1764.)
Died in 1809.

Mailly.mS'ye', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a respectable French
listorian, born at Dijon in 1744. He lectured on his-
ory at Godran College in Dijon, and published " Spirit
of the Fronde," ("L'Esprit de la Fronde," 1772,) and
' Spirit of the Crusades," (" L'Esprit des Croisades," 4
vols., 1780.) Died in 1794.

Mailly d'Hautcourt, de, deh mi'ye' do'kooR', (Jo-
SF.PH AUGUSTIN.) COUNT, a French general, born in



eas k; c as s; g hard; g as/'.- G, H, K.,ffuttural; N, nasal; R, trilltd; s as z; th as in Ms.



Explanations, p. 23.)



MAIMBOURG



1630



MAINTENON



1708. After the peace of 1763 he was commandant-in-
cliief of Roussillon. He obtained the rank of marshal
in 1783. He was beheaded as a royalist in 1794.

Maimbourg, miN'booR', (Louis,) a French Jesuit
and historian, born at Nancy in 1620. He acquired
reputation by his historical works, which, however, are
neither accurate nor impartial. Having written a treatise
in defence of the liberties of the Gallican Church, and
thus offended the pope, he was expelled from the order
of Jesuits. Among his works are (in French) a "His-
tory of the Iconoclasts," (1674,) a "History of the
Crusades," (1675,) a "History of Arianism," (1682,) a
"History of Calvinism," (1682,) and a " History of the
Pontificate of Saint Leo," (1687.) His style is agree-
able. Voltaire expressed the opinion that he was " over-
rated at first, and too much neglected afterwards." Died
in 1686.

See Di'pix, " Bibliothcquc eccMsiasrique ;" BAYLE, " Historical
And Critical Dictionary."

Maimon. Sc. : MAIMONIDES.

Malmon, mi'mon, (SOLOMON,) a Jewish rabbi and
philosopher, born in Lithuania in 1753. He had a talent
r or metaphysical speculations, and a skeptical spirit.
Among his'best works are "Critical Researches on the
Human Mind," (" Kritische Untersuchungen uber den
menschlichen Geist," 1797,) and memoirs of his own life,
entitled " Lebensgeschichte," (2 vols., 1793.) Died in
1800.

Maimonide. See MAIMONIDES.

Maimonidea.mi-inon'e-des, [Fr. MAIMONIDE. mfe'-
mo'ned', ] or Mo'aea-Ben-Maimon, ( ben-mT'mon, )
called by the Arabs Moosa-Tbn-Maimoon, iMflsa-
Ibn-Maimflu or -Maimoun,) moo'si Ib'n mi'moTm', a
Jewish rabbi and philosopher of great celebrity, was born
at Cdrdova, in Spain, about 1135. He studied philosophy
and medicine under the famous Averrnes, with whom he
formed a lasting friendship, and was also versed in mathe-
matics and several languages. Having removed to F.gypt
about 1165, he became chief physician to the Sultan
Saladin and his successor. lie acquired a great repu-
tation for talents and learning. Among his numerous
works are "The Strong Hand," a digest of Hebrew
laws, and " More Nebokhim ; or, Teacher of the Per-
plexed, "(in Arabic,) which explains difficult and obscure
portions of the Old Testament. Died in 1209.

See ABRAHAM GHIGHR. " Mose Hen Maimon, seine Lebensge-
schichte," 1850; OI.AUS CHI.MUS, " De Maimonide," 1737; PTR
BKKR, " Das Lebtn Moses ben Maimon." i<<5 ; LHMAN^. " Levens-
beschrijvinc van Maimonides," 1815; STHIN. "Moses Maimonides,"
1846; R. M. MAIMONIDES, "Account of the Life, etc of Maimoni-
des," London, 1837: " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Mainardi, mi-naR'dee, (ANDREA,) an Italian painter,


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 118 of 425)